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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : 4-MI / 4-methylimidazole

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Total Number of Papers: 35
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Abbreviation:   4-MI  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   4-methylimidazole
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No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 Development of caramel colour with improved colour stability and reduced 4-methylimidazole. ---
2020 Multigenerational reproductive assessment of 4-methylimidazole administered in the diet to Hsd:Sprague Dawley SD rats. ---
2018 Detection and Quantification of 4-Methylimidazole in Cola by Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry with Fe2O3 Nanoparticles on Zeolite. 2EI, APM, C-cola, CA, MALDI-MS
2018 Embryonic exposure to 4-methylimidazole leads to zebrafish myofibril misalignment. ---
2018 Structural Mapping of Anion Inhibitors to beta-Carbonic Anhydrase psCA3 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. beta-CA, IMD
2017 Reduction of 4(5)-Methylimidazole Using Cookie Model Systems. ---
2016 Effects of divalent cations on the formation of 4(5)-methylimidazole in fructose/ammonium hydroxide caramel model reaction. MGO
2016 Genotoxicity assessment of 4-methylimidazole: regulatory perspectives. CEPA
2016 Rapid and quantitative detection of 4(5)-methylimidazole in caramel colours: A novel fluorescent-based immunochromatographic assay. FMS, ICA, icELISA
10  2015 Cytotoxic effects of 4-methylimidazole on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in vitro. MSCs, NTP
11  2015 Development of a monoclonal antibody-based indirect competitive immunosorbent assay for 4(5)-Methylimidazole detection in caramels. BSA, CR, icELISA, OVA
12  2015 Effects of pH on the formation of 4(5)-Methylimidazole in glucose/ammonium sulfate and glucose/ammonium sulfite caramel model reactions. MGO
13  2015 NMR studies of active-site properties of human carbonic anhydrase II by using (15) N-labeled 4-methylimidazole as a local probe and histidine hydrogen-bond correlations. ---
14  2015 Short communication: Study on the formation of 2-methylimidazole and 4-methylimidazole in the Maillard reaction. 2-MI
15  2015 [Preparation and applications of 4-methyl imidazole magnetic surface molecularly imprinted polymers]. 4-MI-MIP, FT-IR, MAA, MIPs, TEM, UV, VSM, XRD
16  2014 Reduction of carcinogenic 4(5)-methylimidazole in a caramel model system: influence of food additives. ---
17  2014 SAR genotoxicity and tumorigenicity predictions for 2-MI and 4-MI using multiple SAR software. 2-MI, SAR
18  2013 Determination of 4-Methylimidazole and 2-Acetyl-4()- tetrahydroxybutylimidazole in Caramel Color and Processed Foods by LC-MS/MS. THI
19  2013 Formation of carcinogenic 4(5)-methylimidazole in caramel model systems: a role of sulphite. ---
20  2011 Chemical rescue of enzymes: proton transfer in mutants of human carbonic anhydrase II. HCA II, MS-EVB, PMF, PT
21  2008 Toxicity and carcinogenicity studies of 4-methylimidazole in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice. ---
22  2007 Location of binding sites in small molecule rescue of human carbonic anhydrase II. HCA II
23  2006 Induction of thyroid lesions in 14-week toxicity studies of 2 and 4-methylimidazole in Fischer 344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice. 2-MI, TSH
24  2006 Proton transfer pathways in the mutant His-64-Ala of human carbonic anhydrase II. ---
25  2005 Proton transfer from exogenous donors in catalysis by human carbonic anhydrase II. ---
26  2003 The refined atomic structure of carbonic anhydrase II at 1.05 A resolution: implications of chemical rescue of proton transfer. ---
27  2002 Chemical rescue in catalysis by human carbonic anhydrases II and III. HCA II
28  2001 Structural and kinetic analysis of the chemical rescue of the proton transfer function of carbonic anhydrase II. HCA II
29  1999 Ammoniated forage poisoning: acute toxicity of newly identified dialkylimidazoles to inbred mice. ---
30  1998 Imidazoles suppress rat testosterone secretion and testicular interstitial fluid formation In vivo. TIF
31  1990 High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of 4-methylimidazole in sheep plasma and in ammoniated tall fescue hay. ---
32  1990 Pharmacokinetics of 4-methylimidazole in sheep. ---
33  1987 Effects of 4-methylimidazole in young calves. ---
34  1986 Pilot studies in cattle and mice to determine the presence of 4-methylimidazole in milk after oral ingestion. ---
35  1978 Reactions between peroxidizing lipids and histidyl residue analogues: enhancement of lipid oxidation and browning by 4-methylimidazole. ML