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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : CAR / central activation ratio

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Total Number of Papers: 88
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Abbreviation:   CAR  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   central activation ratio
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No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 Age-related Deficits in Voluntary Activation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. ITT
2019 Acute effects of whole-body vibration training on neuromuscular performance and mobility in hypoxia and normoxia in persons with multiple sclerosis: A crossover study. EMG, MVIC, pwMS, RPE, TUG, WBVT
2019 Central Activation Ratio Is a Reliable Measure for Gluteal Neuromuscular Function. GMax, GMed
2019 Effect of carbohydrate beverage ingestion on central versus peripheral fatigue: a placebo-controlled, randomized trial in cyclists. MVC, PL, TT
2019 Voluntary and electrically-induced muscle fatigue differently affect postural control mechanisms in unipedal stance. ES, MVC, VOL
2018 Contribution of Neuromuscular Factors to Quadriceps Asymmetry After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. ACLR, CI, ES, RTD, TTP
2018 Effect of quantity and quality of pre-exercise carbohydrate meals on central fatigue. CF, CHO, GI, MVC, sMVC, VA
2018 Neuromuscular fatigue after low- and medium-frequency electrical stimulation in healthy adults. EMG, MF, MVC, NMES, PC
2018 Quadriceps Neuromuscular Function and Jump-Landing Sagittal-Plane Knee Biomechanics After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. ACLR, MVIC, vGRF
10  2018 The Relationship Between Volitional Activation and Muscle Properties in Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. iSCI, MVT
11  2018 The Use of Hamstring Fatigue to Reduce Quadriceps Inhibition After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. ACLR
12  2018 Whole body vibration of different frequencies inhibits H-reflex but does not affect voluntary activation. MVC, WBV
13  2017 Effects of age and sex on fatigability and recovery from a sustained maximal isometric voluntary contraction. MVC
14  2017 Effects of Kinesio taping in patients with quadriceps inhibition: A randomized, single-blinded study. H-reflex, KT, KT, MVIC
15  2017 Greater intracortical inhibition associates with lower quadriceps voluntary activation in individuals with ACL reconstruction. ACLR, ICF, SICI
16  2017 Psychological and Physiological Biomarkers of Neuromuscular Fatigue after Two Bouts of Sprint Interval Exercise. BDNF, FB, RB, SIE
17  2017 Quadriceps Function and Hamstrings Co-Activation After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. ACLR, EMG, PT, RTD
18  2017 Specific joint angle dependency of voluntary activation during eccentric knee extensions. ---
19  2017 Unilateral Quadriceps Strengthening With Disinhibitory Cryotherapy and Quadriceps Symmetry After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. ACLR, CI, LSI, MVIC, MVIC
20  2017 Walking mechanics for patellofemoral pain subjects with similar self-reported pain levels can differ based upon neuromuscular activation. PFP, QD
21  2016 A Combination of Amino Acids and Caffeine Enhances Sprint Running Capacity in a Hot, Hypoxic Environment. CNS, EAA, EMG
22  2016 Comparison of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and Cryotherapy for Increasing Quadriceps Activation in Patients With Knee Pathologies. QA, Quad, SIB, TENS
23  2016 Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on quadriceps function in individuals with experimental knee pain. KJP, MVC, TENS
24  2016 Immediate effect of vibratory stimuli on quadriceps function in healthy adults. AMT, LMV, MEP, PT, RTD, WBV
25  2016 Knee-Extension Torque Variability and Subjective Knee Function in Patients with a History of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. ACLR, IKDC
26  2016 Measuring voluntary quadriceps activation: Effect of visual feedback and stimulus delivery. MVIC
27  2016 Persistent Muscle Inhibition after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Role of Reflex Excitability. ACLR
28  2016 The Response to and Recovery From Maximum-Strength and -Power Training in Elite Track and Field Athletes. MVC, sEMG
29  2016 Whole-Body and Local Muscle Vibration Immediately Improve Quadriceps Function in Individuals With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. ACLR, AMT, H-reflex, LMV, MEP, PT, RTD, WBV
30  2015 Increased spinal reflex excitability is associated with enhanced central activation during voluntary lengthening contractions in human spinal cord injury. MVCs, SCI
31  2015 Long-term deficits in quadriceps strength and activation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. ACLR
32  2015 Neural Excitability Alterations After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. ACLR, AMTs, VM
33  2015 Persistent neuromuscular and corticomotor quadriceps asymmetry after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. ACLR, AMT, MVIC
34  2015 Quadriceps neural alterations in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed patients: A 6-month longitudinal investigation. ACLR, AMT, MEP, MVIC
35  2015 Test-Retest Cross-Reliability of Tests to Assess Neuromuscular Function as a Multidimensional Concept. EMG, ICC, MNF, MVC, RMS, SP, WPE
37  2014 Activation deficits do not limit quadriceps strength training gains in patients after total knee arthroplasty. MVIC, TKA
38  2014 Contributions of neural excitability and voluntary activation to quadriceps muscle strength following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. ACLR, AMT, MVIC
39  2014 Effect of the time of day on central and peripheral fatigue during 2-min maximal voluntary contractions in persons with multiple sclerosis: gender differences. MS, MVC
40  2014 Repeated bouts of exercise in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. ACLR
41  2014 Whole body and local muscle vibration reduce artificially induced quadriceps arthrogenic inhibition. AMI, LMV, VPT, WBV
42  2013 Effects of exercise on lower extremity muscle function after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. ACL, ACL-R, AMI
43  2013 Induced anterior knee pain immediately reduces involuntary and voluntary quadriceps activation. AKP
44  2013 Lack of effect of superficial heat to the knee on quadriceps function in individuals with quadriceps inhibition. AMI
45  2013 Sex differences in central and peripheral mechanisms of fatigue in cyclists. PMS
46  2013 Stimulated contractions delay and prolong central fatigue compared with voluntary contractions in men. MVC, STIM, VOL
47  2013 Unilateral and bilateral fatiguing contractions similarly alter postural stability but differently modify postural position on bipedal stance. COP, MVC
48  2013 Within- and between-session reliability of the maximal voluntary knee extension torque and activation. ICC, MVIC, SIB
49  2012 Intramuscular adipose tissue and central activation in older adults. IMAT
50  2012 Knee-extension exercise's lack of immediate effect on maximal voluntary quadriceps torque and activation in individuals with anterior knee pain. AKP, MVIC, NWB, WB
51  2012 Quadriceps activation failure after anterior cruciate ligament rupture is not mediated by knee joint effusion. ACL
52  2011 Effects of a heart rate-based recovery period on hormonal, neuromuscular, and aerobic performance responses during 7 weeks of strength training in men. COR, HR, RM, TES
53  2011 Electrode type and placement configuration for quadriceps activation evaluation. ---
54  2011 Quadriceps activation normative values and the affect of subcutaneous tissue thickness. MVIC, SIB
55  2011 Quadriceps function after exercise in patients with anterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed knees wearing knee braces. ACLRs
56  2011 Quadriceps muscle activation and radiographic osteoarthritis following ACL revision. IKDC, MVIC
57  2011 The effects of fatigue of the plantar flexors on peak torque and voluntary activation in untrained and resistance-trained men. EMG, ITT, MG, MVCs, RT, UT
58  2010 Contralateral effects of disinhibitory tens on quadriceps function in people with knee osteoarthritis following unilateral treatment. TENS, TFOA
59  2010 Lack of quadriceps dysfunction in women with early knee osteoarthritis. CAF, KL, OA
60  2010 Peripheral and central fatigue after muscle-damaging exercise is muscle length dependent and inversely related. EE, RTD, VA
61  2010 Quantification method affects estimates of voluntary quadriceps activation. ITT
62  2010 Transcranial magnetic stimulation and volitional quadriceps activation. CI, TMS
63  2009 Central activation and force-frequency responses of the lumbar extensor muscles. MVIC
64  2009 Central fatigue after cycling evaluated using peripheral magnetic stimulation. MVC, PMS
65  2009 Focal knee joint cooling increases the quadriceps central activation ratio. ---
66  2009 Immediate effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and focal knee joint cooling on quadriceps activation. TENS
67  2008 Assessment of voluntary muscle activation using magnetic stimulation. ES, ITT, MS
68  2008 Decreased quadriceps activation measured hours prior to a noncontact anterior cruciate ligament tear. ACL
69  2008 Joint angle and contraction mode influence quadriceps motor neuron pool excitability. ---
70  2007 Arthrogenic muscle response of the quadriceps and hamstrings with chronic ankle instability. AMR, CAI
71  2007 Central activation, muscle performance, and physical function in men infected with human immunodeficiency virus. HIV
72  2007 Effect of hydration state on strength, power, and resistance exercise performance. EU
73  2007 Mechanisms of variability in strength loss after muscle-lengthening actions. CMAP, HR, iEMG, LR
74  2006 Central fatigue in continuous and intermittent contractions of triceps brachii. VA
75  2006 Determining the extent of neural activation during maximal effort. MRI, MVIC, NMES, TMT
76  2006 Muscle activation assessment: effects of method, stimulus number, and joint angle. ITT
77  2006 The use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation to improve activation deficits in a patient with chronic quadriceps strength impairments following total knee arthroplasty. NMES, TKA
78  2006 Vitamin and mineral supplementation and neuromuscular recovery after a running race. MVC, VL
79  2005 Accuracy of predicting maximal quadriceps force from submaximal effort contractions after anterior cruciate ligament injury. ACL, MVIC
80  2005 Muscle activation and blood flow do not explain the muscle length-dependent variation in quadriceps isometric endurance. EMG, MTC
81  2004 Age-related enhancement of fatigue resistance is evident in men during both isometric and dynamic tasks. MVC
82  2003 Are voluntary muscle activation deficits in older adults meaningful? ---
83  2003 Exercise heat stress does not reduce central activation to non-exercised human skeletal muscle. MVCs, PPO
84  2003 Predictability of maximum voluntary isometric knee extension force from submaximal contractions in older adults. ---
85  2003 Sex differences in human skeletal muscle fatigue are eliminated under ischemic conditions. CMAP, FF
86  2001 Comparison of interpolation and central activation ratios as measures of muscle inactivation. CAR-tetanus, IT, IT-doublet
87  2000 Measurement of central activation failure of the quadriceps femoris in healthy adults. ---
88  1996 Quantitation of central activation failure during maximal voluntary contractions in humans. MVCs