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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : ER / external rotation

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Total Number of Papers: 301
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Abbreviation:   ER  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   external rotation
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
 Pair(Abbreviation/Long Form) Variation
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 Measurement properties of hip strength measured by handheld dynamometry: Reliability and validity across the range of motion. ABD, EXT, HHD, IKD, IR
2020 The role of greater tuberosity healing in reverse shoulder arthroplasty: a finite element analysis. ABD, FEA, FF, GT, HGT, JRFs, MGLH, NGT, RSA
2019 Acute and Subacute Changes in Hip Strength and Range of Movement After Arthroscopy to Address Chondrolabral Pathology. IR, ROM
2019 Acute effects of a single tennis match on passive shoulder rotation range of motion, isometric strength and serve speed in professional tennis players. GIRD, IR-ROM, ROM, TAM
2019 Age and sex-related upper body performance differences in competitive young tennis players. IR, MBT, ROM
2019 Analysis of impingement-free range of motion of the glenohumeral joint after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty using three different implant models. CT, IR, ROM, RTSA
2019 Asymmetry in glenohumeral muscle strength of sitting volleyball players: an isokinetic profile of shoulder rotations strength. IR, SV
2019 Biomechanics Following Isolated Posterolateral Corner Reconstruction Comparing a Fibular-Based Docking Technique with a Tibia and Fibular-Based Anatomic Technique Show Either Technique is Acceptable. PLC, VR
2019 Clinical tests to determine femoral version category in people with chronic hip joint pain and asymptomatic controls. ANOVA, CHJP, FV, IR, ROM, ROMdif
10  2019 Complete Capsular Repair Restores Native Kinematics After Interportal and T-Capsulotomy. IPC, IR
11  2019 DEVELOPMENT OF AN UPPER EXTREMITY 'SWING COUNT' and Performance Measures in NCAA Division I Volleyball Players over A COMPETITIVE SEASON. IR, ROM, UE
12  2019 Dynamic Restraints of the Medial Side of the Knee: The Semimembranosus Corner Revisited. SM
13  2019 Effect of changing femoral head diameter on bony and prosthetic jumping angles. ---
14  2019 Effect of Match Play on Shoulder Strength in Amateur Rugby Union Players. CI, IR
15  2019 Effect of Tuberosity Healing on Clinical Outcomes in Elderly Patients Treated With a Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty for 3- and 4-Part Proximal Humerus Fractures. RTSA
16  2019 Effects of 3 Infraspinatus Muscle Strengthening Exercises on Isokinetic Peak Torque and Muscle Activity. PER, PT, STER, SWE
17  2019 Effects of Game Performance on Softball Pitchers and Catchers. IR, ROM
18  2019 Functional differences in softball pitchers with and without upper extremity pain. GS, IR, ISO, ROM, TS, UE
19  2019 Functional improvements in active elevation, external rotation, and internal rotation after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty with isolated latissimus dorsi transfer: surgical technique and midterm follow-up. ADLIR, CLEER, IR, LDT, RSA
20  2019 Functional shoulder ratios with high velocities of shoulder internal rotation are most sensitive to determine shoulder rotation torque imbalance: a cross-sectional study with elite handball players and controls. IR
21  2019 Glenohumeral external rotation weakness partially accounts for increased humeral rotation torque in youth baseball pitchers. ACC, GH, IR, MANCOVA, MER
22  2019 Glenohumeral rotation deficits in high school, college, and professional baseball pitchers with and without a medial ulnar collateral ligament injury. COLL, HS, IR, MUCL, PRO, TRM
23  2019 Hip capsule biomechanics after arthroplasty: the effect of implant, approach, and surgical repair. DM-THA, HRA, IR, ROM
24  2019 Immediate self-rehabilitation after open Latarjet procedures enables recovery of preoperative shoulder mobility at 3months. AFE, IR, OLP, PFE
25  2019 Influence of humeral abduction angle on axial rotation and contact area at the glenohumeral joint. GH, IR, ROM, TH
26  2019 Is there an association between hip range of motion and nonspecific low back pain? A systematic review. IR, NSLBP, ROM
27  2019 Isokinetic Fatigue Ratio of Shoulder Rotators in Elite Softball Players With and Without Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy, and its Association With the Subacromial Space. IR, SAS
28  2019 Latissimus dorsi muscle transfer reduces external rotation deficit at the cost of internal rotation in reverse shoulder arthroplasty patients: a cohort study. ERD, LDT, RCA, RSA
29  2019 NO DIFFERENCES IN HIP RANGE OF MOTION EXISTS BETWEEN BASEBALL PLAYERS WITH AN ULNAR COLLATERAL LIGAMENT TEAR AND HEALTHY BASEBALL PLAYERS. IR, ROM, TRM, UCL, UCL
30  2019 Reduced shoulder strength and change in range of motion are risk factors for shoulder injury in water polo players. IR, PBW, TROM
31  2019 Regional activation of supraspinatus and infraspinatus sub-regions during dynamic tasks performed with free weights. ---
32  2019 Shoulder and Elbow Range of Motion Can Be Maintained in Major League Baseball Pitchers Over the Course of the Season, Regardless of Pitching Workload. FF, HA, IR, MLB, ROM, TROM
33  2019 Shoulder external rotation range of motion and pectoralis minor length in individuals with and without shoulder pain. GHJ, PM, ROM
34  2019 Shoulder internal and external rotation strength and prediction of subsequent injury in water-polo players. HHD, IR
35  2019 SHOULDER RANGE OF MOTION CHARACTERISTICS IN DIVISION III COLLEGIATE SOFTBALL AND BASEBALL PLAYERS. BB, GIRD, IR, ROM, SB, TRM
36  2019 Strength and Motion in the Shoulder, Elbow, and Hip in Softball Windmill Pitchers. IR, ROM
37  2019 The differences of humeral torsion angle and the glenohumeral rotation angles between young right-handed and left-handed pitchers. d-HTA, GERD, GIRD, HTA, IR
38  2019 The effect of concomitant coracohumeral ligament release in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair to prevent postoperative stiffness: a retrospective comparative study. CHL, ROM
39  2019 The effect of experimental shoulder pain on contralateral muscle force and activation. VA
40  2019 The effects of playing two consecutive matches in the shoulder rotational profiles of elite youth badminton players. IR, ROM, TAM
41  2019 THE EFFECTS OF POSTURAL AND ANATOMICAL ALIGNMENT ON SPEED, POWER, AND ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE IN MALE COLLEGIATE ATHLETES: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL. FA, GH, IR
42  2019 The Relationship between Vitamin D Status and Rotator Cuff Muscle Strength in Professional Volleyball Athletes. IR
43  2019 The relationship of hip rotation range, hip rotator strength and balance in healthy individuals. IR, ROM
44  2019 Ultrasonography has high positive predictive value for medial epicondyle lesions among adolescent baseball players. MEC, MRI, PPV, PROM, US
45  2019 Upper Extremity and Hip Range of Motion Changes Throughout a Season in Professional Baseball Players. IR, ROM, TROM
46  2018 A NOVEL APPROACH TO TREATMENT UTILIZING BREATHING AND A TOTAL MOTION RELEASE EXERCISE PROGRAM IN A HIGH SCHOOL CHEERLEADER WITH A DIAGNOSIS OF FROZEN SHOULDER: A CASE REPORT. AROM, BPD, FS, IR, MCID, MDC, NRS, TMR
47  2018 Anatomic and non-anatomic anterior cruciate ligament posterolateral bundle augmentation affects graft function. ACL, ATT, IR, PL
48  2018 Anterior Cable Reconstruction Using the Proximal Biceps Tendon for Large Rotator Cuff Defects Limits Superior Migration and Subacromial Contact Without Inhibiting Range of Motion: A Biomechanical Analysis. ACR
49  2018 Assessment of Ankle Mortise Instability After Isolated Supination-External Rotation Lateral Malleolar Fractures. CI, LR, MRI, SER
50  2018 Clinical characteristics of patients with posterosuperior labral tear: a comparison with patients with other shoulder disorders. ABER, PS
51  2018 Clinical features of people with hip-related pain, but no clinical signs of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome. FAIS, HOOS, IR, ROM
52  2018 Comparative Efficacy of Intra-Articular Steroid Injection and Distension in Patients With Frozen Shoulder: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis. CI, IA, RCTs, SMD
53  2018 Comparing the Immediate Effects of a Total Motion Release Warm-up and a Dynamic Warm-up Protocol on the Dominant Shoulder in Baseball Athletes. IR, ROM, TMR, TMRG, TWG
54  2018 COMPARISON OF HIP INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL ROTATION BETWEEN INTERCOLLEGIATE DISTANCE RUNNERS AND NON-RUNNING COLLEGE STUDENTS. IR
55  2018 Comparison of shoulder replacement to treat osteoarthritis secondary to instability surgery and primary osteoarthritis: a retrospective controlled study of patient outcomes. AAE, HA, IR, TSA
56  2018 Correlation between the distance of scapular anterior tilting and the ratio of internal and external rotation angle of shoulder in supine position. IR
57  2018 Correlations between Capsular Changes and ROM Restriction in Frozen Shoulder Evaluated by Plain MRI and MR Arthrography. AER, CHL, FF, HBB, LE, MRA, MRI, ROM
58  2018 Differentiation of bony and soft-tissue adaptations of the shoulder in professional baseball pitchers. HR, IR, PCT, ROM
59  2018 Does decrease in hip range of motion interfere in frontal plane leg alignment in teenage soccer players? IR, ROM
60  2018 Early postoperative magnetic resonance imaging findings after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair: T2 hyperintensity of the capsule can predict reduced shoulder motion. ARCR, IR, MRI, ROM
61  2018 Effects of selected rehabilitative exercises on external rotator muscles and trapezius muscles of masonry workers. EMG, REs
62  2018 Energy Absorption Contribution and Strength in Female Athletes at Return to Sport After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Comparison With Healthy Controls. ACL, ACLR, EAC, RTS
63  2018 Evaluation of a Shoulder Injury Prevention Program in Wheelchair Basketball. IR, ROM
64  2018 Immobilization in external rotation after primary shoulder dislocation reduces the risk of recurrence in young patients. A randomized controlled trial. IR
65  2018 Influence of Body Position on Shoulder and Trunk Muscle Activation During Resisted Isometric Shoulder External Rotation. EMG
66  2018 Infraspinatus Isolation During External Rotation Exercise at Varying Degrees of Abduction. ---
67  2018 Interval running with self-selected recovery: Physiology, performance, and perception. HIIT, MAS, SS
68  2018 Is There an Association Between Noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries and Decreased Hip Internal Rotation or Radiographic Femoroacetabular Impingement? A Systematic Review. ACL, FAI, GRADE, IR, MINORS, PRISMA, STROBE
69  2018 Isokinetic assessment of shoulder complex strength in adolescent elite synchronized swimmers. ---
70  2018 Medial parapatellar approach leads to internal rotation of tibial component in total knee arthroplasty. CT, IR, LPA, LPA, MPA, TKA
71  2018 Patterns and Associations of Shoulder Motion, Strength, and Function in MARSOC Personnel Without History of Shoulder Injury. ARC, IR, MARSOC, ROM
72  2018 Pitch Volume and Glenohumeral and Hip Motion and Strength in Youth Baseball Pitchers. GH, IR, ROM
73  2018 Reliability of Hip Rotation Range of Motion in Supine and Seated Positions. ICCs, IR, ROM
74  2018 Restoration of shoulder motion using single- versus dual-nerve repair in obstetrical brachial plexus injury. ROMs
75  2018 Shoulder Dynamic Control Ratio and Rotation Range of Motion in Female Junior Elite Handball Players and Controls. IR, TROM
76  2018 The association between menarche, intensity of training and passive joint ROM in young pre-professional female dancers: A longitudinal follow-up study. IR, ROM
77  2018 The clinical effect of rehabilitation following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair: A meta-analysis of early versus delayed passive motion. ASES, D-PM, EPM, RCTs, SST
78  2018 The effect of walking speed on the foot inter-segment kinematics, ground reaction forces and lower limb joint moments. COM, DF, EV, FF, FF/HF, FW, GRFs, HF, HF/TB, HX, HX/FF, NW, SP, SW, TB
79  2018 The Impact of Workload on the Evolution of Hip Internal and External Rotation in Professional Baseball Players Over the Course of the Season. IR, ROM, TROM
80  2018 The inter-teres approach to glenoid neck fractures: an alternative approach to glenoid fixation. ASES
81  2018 Unexplained pain following total knee arthroplasty: Is rotational malalignment the problem? CT, IR, TKA
82  2017 Acute effects of scapular Kinesio Taping on shoulder rotator strength, ROM and acromiohumeral distance in asymptomatic overhead athletes. AHD, IR, ROM
83  2017 Bilateral reverse total shoulder arthroplasty-functional outcome and activities of daily living. ADLs, IR, RTSA
84  2017 Biomechanical comparison of acute Hill-Sachs reduction with remplissage to treat complex anterior instability. ---
85  2017 Correlation of the torsion values measured by rotational profile, kinematics, and CT study in CP patients. CP, CT, FAV, GMFCS, HR, IR, KR, TFA, TT
86  2017 Decreased Shoulder External Rotation and Flexion Are Greater Predictors of Injury Than Internal Rotation Deficits: Analysis of 132 Pitcher-Seasons in Professional Baseball. OR, ROM
87  2017 Detection of articular perforations of the proximal humerus fracture using a mobile 3D image intensifier - a cadaver study. IR
88  2017 Does Additional Biceps Augmentation Improve Rotator Cuff Healing and Clinical Outcomes in Anterior L-Shaped Rotator Cuff Tears? Clinical Comparisons With Arthroscopic Partial Repair. ASES, FF, IR, MRI
89  2017 Effect of scapular external rotation on the axillary nerve during the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure: an anatomical investigation. ---
90  2017 Effectiveness of a Home-Based Eccentric-Exercise Program on the Torque-Angle Relationship of the Shoulder External Rotators: A Pilot Study. IR
91  2017 Effects of a Short-Duration Stretching Drill After Pitching on Elbow and Shoulder Range of Motion in Professional Baseball Pitchers. ICCs, IR, PROM, SEM
92  2017 Evaluation of infraspinatus reinnervation and function following spinal accessory nerve to suprascapular nerve transfer in adult traumatic brachial plexus injuries. BPI, EMG, MRC, SAN, SSN, UT
93  2017 Head-shaft angle changes during internal and external shoulder rotations: 2-D angulation in 3-D space. HA, HSA, IR, SA
94  2017 Height of the Medial Longitudinal Arch During Classical Ballet Steps. ---
95  2017 Hip strength and star excursion balance test deficits of patients with chronic ankle instability. ABD, EXT, LAS, SEBT, SEBT-ANT
96  2017 Humeral Retrotorsion and Glenohumeral Motion in Youth Baseball Players Compared With Age-Matched Nonthrowing Athletes. HRT, IR, ROM, TROM
97  2017 Humeral torsion and shoulder rotation range of motion parameters in elite swimmers. IR, ROM
98  2017 Intraoperative evaluation of the effects of femoral component offset and head size on joint stability in total hip arthroplasty. IR, THA
99  2017 Kinematic analysis of hip and knee rotation and other contributors to ballet turnout. ---
100  2017 Longitudinal Changes in Hip Strength and Range of Motion in Female Youth Soccer Players: Implications for ACL Injury, A Pilot Study. ABD, ACL, ADD, EXT, IR, ROM