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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : LA / levator ani

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Total Number of Papers: 113
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Abbreviation:   LA  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   levator ani
 Abbreviation Variation
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No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2019 Development of anatomically based customizable three-dimensional finite-element model of pelvic floor support system: POP-SIM1.0. FE, POP
2019 Dietary wild bitter gourd displays selective androgen receptor modulator like activity and improves the muscle decline of orchidectomized mice. AR, BC, BG, SARMs, SDH
2019 Postnatal pelvic floor muscle stiffness measured by vaginal elastometry in women with obstetric anal sphincter injury: a pilot study. MRI, PFM, PTC
2017 Levator ani defects in patients with stress urinary incontinence: three-dimensional endovaginal ultrasound assessment. ISD
2017 Levator Ani Muscle Defects in Patients With Surgical Failure. ---
2016 A Geometric Capacity-Demand Analysis of Maternal Levator Muscle Stretch Required for Vaginal Delivery. MI, SL, SPAA
2016 Topography and landmarks for the nerve supply to the levator ani and its relevance to pelvic floor pathologies. ---
2015 Evaluating maternal recovery from labor and delivery: bone and levator ani injuries. MSK
2015 Sonographic predictors of obstructive defecatory dysfunction. 3D-EVUS, ARA, CI, LAD, LPDA, MLH, ODS, OR
10  2015 The association between vaginal parity and hiatal dimensions: a retrospective observational study in a tertiary urogynaecological centre. ICS, POP-Q
11  2014 Comparison between transperineal ultrasound and digital detection of levator ani trauma. Can we improve the odds? ---
12  2014 Comparison of muscle fiber directions between different levator ani muscle subdivisions: in vivo MRI measurements in women. EAS, SD
13  2014 Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging and pelvic floor disorders: how and when? PFD
14  2014 Dynamics of male pelvic floor muscle contraction observed with transperineal ultrasound imaging differ between voluntary and evoked coughs. BC, IAP, SUS, US
15  2014 Identification of CNS neurons innervating the levator ani and ventral bulbospongiosus muscles in male rats. BS, GRP, PRV
16  2014 The kinin B1 receptor regulates muscle-specific E3 ligases expression and is involved in skeletal muscle mass control. COPD, KKS
17  2014 The urethral rhabdosphincter, levator ani muscle, and perineal membrane: a review. ---
18  2013 A new method to quantify male pelvic floor displacement from 2D transperineal ultrasound images. BC, ICC, SUS
19  2013 Androgen receptor expression in satellite cells of the neonatal levator ani of the rat. ARs, CM, SNB
20  2013 Does age affect visualization of the levator ani in nulliparous women? 3D-EVUS, US
21  2013 How well can pelvic floor muscles with major defects contract? A cross-sectional comparative study 6 weeks after delivery using transperineal 3D/4D ultrasound and manometer. PFM, VRP
22  2013 Inhibition of in vitro and in vivo brown fat differentiation program by myostatin. BAT, EPI, MEFs, Mst, Mst KO, s.c, WT
23  2012 Characterization of the spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus neuromuscular system in male mice lacking androgen receptor in the nervous system. AR, BC, SNB
24  2012 Comparison of the puborectal muscle on MRI in women with POP and levator ani defects with those with normal support and no defect. POP
25  2012 Functional interactions between the fossa ischioanalis, levator ani and gluteus maximus muscles of the female pelvic floor: a prospective study in nulliparous women. FI, GM, PFM
26  2012 Maintenance of the spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus neuromuscular system is not influenced by physiological levels of glucocorticoids. BC, SNB
27  2012 Testosterone inhibits transforming growth factor-beta signaling during myogenic differentiation and proliferation of mouse satellite cells: potential role of follistatin in mediating testosterone action. FST, siRNA, TGF-beta
28  2011 Anisotropic effects of the levator ani muscle during childbirth. ---
29  2011 Urethral closure pressures among primiparous women with and without levator ani muscle defects. MUCP
30  2010 Fecal incontinence in older women: are levator ani defects a factor? FI, OC, OI, YC
31  2010 The potent synthetic androgens, dimethandrolone (7alpha,11beta-dimethyl-19-nortestosterone) and 11beta-methyl-19-nortestosterone, do not require 5alpha-reduction to exert their maximal androgenic effects. 5alpha-DHDMA, 5alpha-DHMNT, AR, DHT, DMA, DUT, MENT, MNT, SV, VP
32  2009 Central nervous system abnormalities in vaginismus. BCR, EAS, ISIs, SEPs
33  2008 Effects of bilateral levator ani nerve injury on pelvic support in the female squirrel monkey. bLAN
34  2008 Pelvic floor muscle lesions at endoanal MR imaging in female patients with faecal incontinence. EAS, IAS, PM
35  2008 Sexual dimorphism and androgen regulation of satellite cell population in differentiating rat levator ani muscle. BC, WT
36  2008 The role of cell death in sexually dimorphic muscle development: male-specific muscles are retained in female bax/bak knockout mice. BC
37  2008 The spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus: firsts in androgen-dependent neural sex differences. BC, SNB
38  2007 Ageing reduces the number of vesicular glutamate transporter 2 containing immunoreactive inputs to identified rat pelvic motoneurons. ---
39  2007 Androgen receptor expression in the levator ani muscle of male mice. BC, EDL, SNB
40  2007 Androgens negatively regulate myostatin expression in an androgen-dependent skeletal muscle. ---
41  2007 Comparison of the main body of the external anal sphincter muscle cross-sectional area between women with and without prolapse. CSA, EAS, MRI
42  2007 Urethral closure mechanisms during sneezing-induced stress in anesthetized female cats. AS, EMGs, EUS
43  2005 Appearance of the levator ani muscle in pregnancy as assessed by 3-D MRI. MR
44  2005 Effects of Bax gene deletion on muscle and motoneuron degeneration in a sexually dimorphic neuromuscular system. BC, SNB
45  2005 Immunohistochemical evidence for the interaction between levator ani and pudendal motor neurons in the coordination of pelvic floor and visceral activity in the squirrel monkey. CTB, DRG, FG
46  2005 Reinnervation of the rat levator ani muscle after neonatal denervation. SNB
47  2005 [Connective tissue modifications in the pelvi-perineal prolapse at menopause]. PPP
48  2004 Androgen receptor immunoreactivity in skeletal muscle: enrichment at the neuromuscular junction. AR, EDL
49  2004 Important anatomical structures used in paravaginal defect repair: cadaveric study. IS, OA, OF, Ofa, OV, PL, TALA, TAPF
50  2003 Early postnatal response of the spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus and target muscles to testosterone in male gerbils. BC, PND, SNB, TP
51  2003 Etiology of the resting myoelectric activity of the levator ani muscle: physioanatomic study with a new theory. EMG, IAP
52  2003 Normal ontogeny of perineal muscles and testosterone levels in Mongolian gerbils; response to testosterone in developing females. BC, PND1, SNB
53  2002 Long-term castration effects motoneuron size but not number in the spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus in the adult male Mongolian gerbil. BC, DHT, EAS, EB, FG, PND, SNB, TP
54  2002 Perineal muscles and motoneurons are sexually monomorphic in the naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber). BC, IC
55  2002 Study of the pelvic floor muscles in vaginismus: a concept of pathogenesis. BC, PR
56  2001 Dynamic imaging of the pelvic floor using an open-configuration magnetic resonance scanner. FSPGR, MRI
57  2001 Effect of pelvic floor muscle contraction on vesical and rectal function with identification of puborectalis-rectovesical inhibitory reflex and levator-rectovesical excitatory reflex. PR
58  2001 Evidence of apoptosis in the castration-induced atrophy of the rat levator ani muscle. ---
59  2001 Testosterone regulates terminal Schwann cell number and junctional size during developmental synapse elimination. NMJs, TSCs
60  2001 The pathophysiology of pelvic floor disorders: evidence from a histomorphologic study of the perineum and a mouse model of rectal prolapse. BC, ILC, ISC, PC
61  2000 Additive effects of ciliary neurotrophic factor and testosterone on motoneuron survival; differential effects on motoneuron size and muscle morphology. CNTF, CNTFRalpha, hCNTF, P1-P6, SNB, TP
62  2000 Ciliary neurotrophic factor increases muscle fiber number in the developing levator ani muscle of female rats. CNTF
63  2000 Effects of intracortical microstimulation and vestibular stimulation on pelvic floor muscles in the cat. EAS, ICMS
64  2000 Levator ani muscle activity in pregnancy and the postpartum period: a myoelectric study. ---
65  2000 Perineal musculature and its innervation by spinal motoneurons in the male rabbit: effects of testosterone. BC, HRP, IC
66  1999 Effects of Intracortical Microstimulation and Vestibular Stimulation on Pelvic Floor Muscles in the Cat. EAS, ICMS
67  1999 Effects of testosterone on the development of a sexually dimorphic neuromuscular system in ciliary neurotrophic factor receptor knockout mice. BC, CNTFRalpha, SNB, TP
68  1999 Regulation of terminal Schwann cell number at the adult neuromuscular junction. EDL, TSCs
69  1999 Short day lengths affect perinatal development of the male reproductive system in the Siberian hamster, Phodopus sungorus. BC, PN, SNB
70  1998 Short day lengths delay development of the SNB neuromuscular system in the Siberian hamster, Phodopus sungorus. BC, SNB
71  1997 Androgen receptor (AR) immunoreactivity in rat pudendal motoneurons: implications for accessory proteins. AR, BC, DLN, EAS, EUS, IC, SNB
72  1997 Ontogeny of androgen receptor immunoreactivity in lumbar motoneurons and in the sexually dimorphic levator ani muscle of male rats. AR, DLN, RDLN, SNB, TP
73  1997 Pelvic floor muscles and sphincters during erection and ejaculation. EE, PR
74  1997 Perineal muscles and their innervation: metabolic and functional significance of the motor unit. BC, mATPase, MHC, SDH, SOL, TA
75  1996 Ciliary neurotrophic factor may act in target musculature to regulate developmental synapse elimination. ---
76  1996 Morphological effects of ciliary neurotrophic factor treatment during neuromuscular synapse elimination. CNTF, EDL
77  1996 Pudendal canal decompression for the treatment of fecal incontinence in complete rectal prolapse. CRP, EAS, EMG, FI, PCD, PCS, PNTML
78  1995 Androgenic, not estrogenic, steroids alter neuromuscular synapse elimination in the rat levator ani. DHTP, EB, EDL, SNB, TP
79  1995 Axotomy of developing rat spinal motoneurons: cell survival, soma size, muscle recovery, and the influence of testosterone. SNB
80  1995 Ciliary neurotrophic factor arrests muscle and motoneuron degeneration in androgen-insensitive rats. BC, CNTF, SNB
81  1995 Motoneurons innervating guinea pig perineal muscles are sexually dimorphic in size but not number. BC, DLN, IC, RC, RP, SNB
82  1995 Succinate dehydrogenase activity of sexually dimorphic muscles of rats. BC, MG, SDH, SNB
83  1995 Testosterone treatment results in quiescent satellite cells being activated and recruited into cell cycle in rat levator ani muscle. ---
84  1994 Physiology and mechanics of rat levator ani muscle: evidence for a sexual function. BS, EMG
85  1994 Prejunctional regulatory actions of androgens on a hormone sensitive muscle. RMP
86  1994 Testosterone control of endplate and non-endplate acetylcholinesterase in the rat levator ani muscle. AChE
87  1992 Hormonal regulation of motor unit size and synaptic strength during synapse elimination in the rat levator ani muscle. ---
88  1992 The role of the bulbocavernosus in penile reflex behavior in rats. BC, SNB
89  1992 Transient and permanent effects of androgen during synapse elimination in the levator ani muscle of the rat. TNBT
90  1991 Androgen regulation of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-ionic channel in a hormone-dependent skeletal muscle. AChR, EPC
91  1991 Efflux of acetylcholine in dimorphic skeletal muscle from castrated male rats. ACh, MEPP
92  1991 Ontogeny of steroid accumulation in spinal lumbar motoneurons of the rat: implications for androgen's site of action during synapse elimination. RDLN, SNB
93  1991 Pelvic floor muscles response to graded rectal distension and cutaneous stimulation. EAS
94  1991 Testosterone-induced development of the rat levator ani muscle. MU, TP
95  1990 Critical period for the androgenic block of neuromuscular synapse elimination. SNB
96  1990 Evidence for androgen receptors in sexually dimorphic perineal muscles of neonatal male rats. Absence of androgen accumulation by the perineal motoneurons. BC, SNB
97  1990 Morphology of rat spinal motoneurons with normal and hormonally altered specificity. BC, CT-HRP, DHTP, DLN, IC, SNB
98  1989 Depressed translational activity in the androgen sensitive levator ani muscle of the rat. ---
99  1989 Effect of denervation on the androgen-induced expression of actin and CPK mRNAs in the levator ani muscle of the rat. CPK, TP
100  1989 The role of gonadal hormones in neuromuscular synapse elimination in rats. I. Androgen delays the loss of multiple innervation in the levator ani muscle. ---