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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : LIV / lowest instrumented vertebra

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Total Number of Papers: 132
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Abbreviation:   LIV  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   lowest instrumented vertebra
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
 Pair(Abbreviation/Long Form) Variation
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 End Vertebra Versus Apical Vertebra: Where Are We More Likely to Misplace in Spine Deformity? CT, UIV
2020 Risk Factors for Postoperative Distal Adding-on in Lenke Type 1B and 1C and its Influence on Residual Lumbar Curve. DA, EV, LIV-LTV, LTV, NV, SV
2020 Selection of Distal Fusion Level for Lenke 5 Curve: Does the Rotation of the Presumed Lower Instrumented Vertebra Matter? AIS, SB
2020 The Benefits of Sparing Lumbar Motion Segments in Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis are Evident at 10 years Postoperatively. AIS, FF, LF
2019 Coronal Imbalance After Three-Column Osteotomy in Thoracolumbar Congenital Kyphoscoliosis: Incidence and Risk Factors. C7PL, CI, CKS
2019 Correlation of Lower Instrumented Vertebra With Spinal Mobility and Health-related Quality of Life After Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS, FFD, SRS-22r
2019 Curve patterns deserve attention when determining the optimal distal fusion level in correction surgery for Scheuermann kyphosis. DAR, DJK, FLV, GK, LL, PI, PT, SK, SS, SSV, STK, STLK, SVA, TLK
2019 Disc Wedge and Vertebral Body Tilt Angle Below Lower Instrumented Vertebra After Posterior Correction and Fusion in Patients With a Structural Thoracolumbar/Lumbar Curve: A Minimum 5-Year Follow-up. AVT, TL/L, TS
2019 Distal adding-on phenomenon in Lenke IA and Lenke IIA: Risk Analysis and Selection of the LIV. LSTV, TL/L
10  2019 Does stopping at C7 in long posterior cervical fusion accelerate the symptomatic breakdown of cervicothoracic junction? ASD, CTJ, JOA, NDI, PCF, UT
11  2019 How to Avoid Distal Adding-on Phenomenon for Rigid Curves in Major Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis? Identifying the Incidence of Distal Adding-on by Selection of Lowest Instrumented Vertebra. AIS, DVR, PSI, RD, TL/L
12  2019 L3 translation predicts when L3 is not distal enough for an "ideal" result in Lenke 5 curves. ---
13  2019 Long-term Outcome of Selective Thoracic Fusion Using Rod Derotation and Direct Vertebral Rotation in the Treatment of Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: More Than 10-Year Follow-up Data. AIS, AV, DVR, EV, NV, PSI, RD, STF
14  2019 Outcomes of Fusions From the Cervical Spine to the Pelvis. UIV
15  2019 Risk Factors for Proximal Junctional Fracture Following Fusion Surgery for Osteoporotic Vertebral Collapse with Delayed Neurological Deficits: A Retrospective Cohort Study of 403 Patients. AOR, BMD, JASA, OVC, PJFr, ROC
16  2019 Selection of Lowest Instrumented Vertebra Using Fulcrum Bending Radiographs Achieved Shorter Fusion Safely Compared With the Last "Substantially" Touching Vertebra in Lenke Type 1A and 2A Curves. FBR, STV
17  2019 Surgical Outcomes for Drop Body Syndrome in Adult Spinal Deformity. ASD, BMD, BMI, DBS, PI, SRS
18  2019 The Effect of Paraspinal Muscle Degeneration on Distal Pedicle Screw Loosening Following Corrective Surgery for Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis. DLS, MFI, rCSA
19  2019 Upper instrumented vertebra to the right of the lowest instrumented vertebra as a predictor of an increase in the main thoracic curve after selective posterior fusion for the thoracolumbar/lumbar curve in Lenke type 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: multicenter study on the relationship between fusion area and surgical outcome. AIS, MT, OR, S-line, SPF, T-AVT, TL/L, UIMT, UIV
20  2019 Where to stop distally in Lenke modifier C AIS with lumbar curve more than 60: L3 or L4? AIS, PA, SB
21  2018 Additional Risk Factors for Adding-On After Selective Thoracic Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Implication of Lowest Instrumented Vertebra Angle and Lumbosacral Takeoff. AD, AIS, CSVL, LIV-H, LSTO, STF, SV
22  2018 Coronal Decompensation After Posterior-only Thoracolumbar Hemivertebra Resection and Short Fusion in Young Children With Congenital Scoliosis. HV
23  2018 Coronal Imbalance after Selective Posterior Thoracic Fusion in Patients with Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. CSVL, STF
24  2018 Criteria for Ending the Distal Fusion at the L3 Vertebra vs. L4 in Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients with Lenke Type 3C, 5C, and 6C Curves: Results After Ten Years of Follow-up. AP, SRS-22, TrUGA
25  2018 Drivers of Cervical Deformity Have a Strong Influence on Achieving Optimal Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes at 1 Year After Cervical Deformity Surgery. CD, CTJ, HRQL, PD
26  2018 Effects of Spinal Fusion for Idiopathic Scoliosis on Lower Body Kinematics During Gait. PSFI, ROM
27  2018 Impact of Iliac Instrumentation on the Quality of Life of Patients With Adult Spine Deformity. ASD, COMI, HRQoL, ODI, SF-36, SRS-22
28  2018 Low-Density Pedicle Screw Constructs for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Evaluation of Effectiveness and Cost. HD, LD
29  2018 Lowest Instrumented Vertebrae Selection for Posterior Fusion of Lenke 5C Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Can We Stop the Fusion One Level Proximal to Lower-end Vertebra? AIS, LEV
30  2018 Natural History of Postoperative Adding-On in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: What Are the Risk Factors for Progressive Adding-On? AIS, SSV
31  2018 Optimal Lowest Instrumented Vertebra for Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS, AO, CSVL, DJK, NV-0, PSSIF, SV-1
32  2018 Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Characteristics of the "Adding-On" Phenomenon in Idiopathic Scoliosis After Correction Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. AIS, CI, CSVL, ES, IS, LC, MTC, OR, PTC, RSH, WMD
33  2018 Preventing Distal Junctional Kyphosis by Applying the Stable Sagittal Vertebra Concept to Selective Thoracic Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. DJK, PSVL, SSV
34  2018 Primary Drivers of Adult Cervical Deformity: Prevalence, Variations in Presentation, and Effect of Surgical Treatment Strategies on Early Postoperative Alignment. ACD, PDs, PI-LL, SVA
35  2018 Relationships Between the Axial Derotation of the Lower Instrumented Vertebra and Uninstrumented Lumbar Curve Correction: Radiographic Outcome in Lenke 1 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis With a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up. AIS
36  2018 Selecting the lowest instrumented vertebra in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Comparison of the Lenke, Suk, and Dubousset criteria. AIS
37  2018 Selecting the LSTV as the Lower Instrumented Vertebra in the Treatment of Lenke Types 1A and 2A Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Minimal 3-year Follow-up. CSVL, LSTV
38  2018 Selection of distal fusion level in terms of distal junctional kyphosis in Scheuermann kyphosis. A comparison of 3 methods. DJK, FLV, LEV, SK, SSV, TK
39  2018 Spontaneous correction of coronal imbalance after selective thoracolumbar-lumbar fusion in patients with Lenke-5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. AIS, SLF, TL/L
40  2018 When Do Patients Return to Physical Activities and Athletics After Scoliosis Surgery?: A Validated Patient Questionnaire Based Study. AIS, BMI, PSF, SAQ
41  2017 Advantages and Disadvantages of Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery and Its Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life. ASD, HRQoL, SRS-22
42  2017 Distal Adding-on and Risk Factors in Severe and Rigid Scoliosis. LTV, MTC
43  2017 Distal adding-on phenomenon in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with thoracolumbar vertebra fusion: A case-control study. AIS, AV, SRS
44  2017 Distal Fusion Level Selection in Scheuermann's Kyphosis: A Comparison of Lordotic Disc Segment Versus the Sagittal Stable Vertebrae. DJK, SK, SSV
45  2017 Distal junctional kyphosis in patients with Scheuermann's disease: a retrospective radiographic analysis. LL, PI, PT, SS, SVA, TK
46  2017 Effect of Direct Vertebral Rotation on the Uninstrumented Lumbar Curve in Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. DVR
47  2017 End Vertebra Versus Apical Vertebra: Where are We More Likely to Misplace in Spine Deformity? CT, UIV
48  2017 Importance of Distal Fusion Level in Major Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Treated by Rod Derotation and Direct Vertebral Rotation Following Pedicle Screw Instrumentation. AIS, DVR, PSI, RD, TL/L
49  2017 Onset and remodeling of coronal imbalance after selective posterior thoracic fusion for Lenke 1C and 2C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (a pilot study). AIS, IPCD, MT, PCBR, SV, TLL
50  2017 Pedicle Screw Loosening After Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in Upper and Lower Instrumented Vertebrae Having Major Perforation. AIS, CT, ORs, UIV
51  2017 Posterior Versus Three-Column Osteotomy for Late Correction of Residual Coronal Deformity in Patients With Previous Fusions for Idiopathic Scoliosis. PCO
52  2017 Predictors of Distal Adding-on in Thoracic Major Curves With AR Lumbar Modifiers. LSTV
53  2017 Radiological factors affecting post-operative global coronal balance in Lenke 5 C scoliosis. CB, UIV
54  2017 Selective versus hyperselective posterior fusions in Lenke 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: comparison of radiological and clinical outcomes. AIS, LTV, SV, UIV
55  2017 The radiographic parameter risk factors of rapid curve progression in Lenke 5 and 6 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A retrospective study. AIS, DAV, FLC, LC, PAV, RAV, TA
56  2016 Analysis of Segmental Mobility Following a Novel Posterior Apical Short-Segment Correction for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS
57  2016 Assessment of Lowest Instrumented Vertebra Tilt on Radiographic Measurements in Lenke "C" Modifier Curves Undergoing Selective Thoracic Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS
58  2016 Comparison of Functional Outcome and Quality of Life in Patients With Idiopathic Scoliosis Treated by Spinal Fusion. ROM, SRS-22
59  2016 Development of Validated Computer-based Preoperative Predictive Model for Proximal Junction Failure (PJF) or Clinically Significant PJK With 86% Accuracy Based on 510 ASD Patients With 2-year Follow-up. ASD, AUC, PI-LL, PJF, PJK, PT, SVA, TK, UIV
60  2016 Does It Make a Difference to Stop Fusion at L3 Versus L4 in Terms ofDisc and Facet Joint Degeneration: An MRI Study With Minimum 5Years Follow-up. DD, FJD, MRIs
61  2016 Does pedicle screw fixation under age 5 cause spinal canal narrowing? A CT study with minimum 5years follow-up. UIV
62  2016 Effect of Surgical Fusion on Volitional Weight-Shifting in Individuals With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS, PSFI
63  2016 Factors influencing radiographic and clinical outcomes in adult scoliosis surgery: a study of 448 European patients. AS, ASD, LC, LIV-TO, TC
64  2016 Lumbosacral Junctional Failures After Long Spinal Fusion for Adult Spinal Deformity-Which Vertebra Is the Preferred Distal Instrumented Vertebra? ---
65  2016 Postoperative Increase in Occiput-C2 Angle Negatively Impacts Subaxial Lordosis after Occipito-Upper Cervical Posterior Fusion Surgery. O-C2
66  2016 Predictive factors for a distal adjacent disorder with L3 as the lowest instrumented vertebra in Lenke 5C patients. DAD
67  2016 Selecting the Last "Substantially" Touching Vertebra as Lowest Instrumented Vertebra in Lenke Type 1A Curve: Radiographic Outcomes With a Minimum of 2-year Follow-Up. CSVL, LTV, nSTV
68  2016 Selection of distal fusion level in posterior instrumentation and fusion of Scheuermann kyphosis: is fusion to sagittal stable vertebra necessary? DJK, FLV, SK, SSV
69  2016 Selection of Lowest Instrumented Vertebra for Thoracolumbar Kyphosis in Ankylosing Spondylitis. AS, OV, PJK, PSO
70  2016 Short fusion strategy for thoracolumbar and lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis using anterior dual-rod instrumentation. AIS, LEV
71  2016 Utilizing the "Stable-to-be Vertebra" Saves Motion Segments in Growing Rods Treatment for Early-Onset Scoliosis. EOS, StbV, SV
73  2015 Cervical compensatory alignment changes following correction of adult thoracic deformity: a multicenter experience in 57 patients with a 2-year follow-up. CL, LL, PI, PT, SS, SVA, T1S, T1S-CL, TK, UIV
74  2015 Do Intraoperative LIV-Tilt and Disk Angle Remain Stable at 2-year Follow-up Compared With Upright Radiographs in Patients With Idiopathic Scoliosis?: A Retrospective Cohort Study. AIS, PSF
75  2015 Postoperative behavior of thoracolumbar/lumbar curve and coronal balance after posterior thoracic fusion for Lenke 1C and 2C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. AIS, STF, TLL
76  2015 Return to sports after surgery to correct adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a survey of the Spinal Deformity Study Group. AIS
77  2015 Risk factors of proximal junctional angle increase after selective posterior thoracolumbar/lumbar fusion in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. AIS, LL, PJA, SVA, TL/L, UIV
78  2015 Spinal deformity progression after posterior segmental instrumentation and fusion for idiopathic scoliosis. AVT, UIV
79  2015 The Effect of Time and Fusion Length on Motion of the Unfused Lumbar Segments in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS
80  2015 The Effects of Spinal Fusion on Lumbar Disc Degeneration in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Minimum 10-Year Follow-Up. AIS, DD, DUS
81  2014 Association of postoperative shoulder balance with adding-on in Lenke Type II adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. PSI
82  2014 Criteria for successful correction of thoracolumbar/lumbar curves in AIS patients: results of risk model calculations using target outcomes and failure analysis. ASF, LC, LIVDA, SLF, TC
83  2014 Disagreements in surgical planning still exist between spinal surgeons in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a multisurgeon assessment. AIS, UIV
84  2014 Distal Adding on in Lenke 1A Scoliosis: What Causes It? How Can It Be Prevented? CSVL
85  2014 Effect of Lowest Instrumented Vertebra on Trunk Mobility in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Undergoing a Posterior Spinal Fusion. AIS
86  2014 Intraoperative push-prone test: a useful technique to determine the lowest instrumented vertebra in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. AIS
87  2014 Lowest instrumented vertebrae selection for selective posterior fusion of moderate thoracolumbar/lumbar idiopathic scoliosis: lower-end vertebra or lower-end vertebra+1? TL/L
88  2014 Risk Factors for Coronal Decompensation After Posterior Spinal Instrumentation and Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS, LEV, PSIF
89  2014 Selection of lower instrumented vertebra in treating Lenke type 2A adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. LTV
90  2014 Surgical treatment of scoliosis in osteogenesis imperfecta with cement-augmented pedicle screw instrumentation. AVT, GCB, OI
91  2014 The progression of lumbar curves in adolescent Lenke 1 scoliosis and the distal adding-on phenomenon. AO, IAS, NV, SV
92  2013 Apical vertebral derotation in the posterior treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: myth or reality? AIS, MT
93  2013 Lowest instrumented vertebra selection for Lenke 5C scoliosis: a minimum 2-year radiographical follow-up. ---
94  2013 Posterior correction of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with pedicle screw instrumentation: results of 48 patients with minimal 10-year follow-up. AIS
95  2013 Postoperative distal adding-on and related factors in Lenke type 1A curve. LIV-LTV, SV
96  2013 Preoperative pelvic axial rotation: a possible predictor for postoperative coronal decompensation in thoracolumbar/lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. AIS, PAR, TL/L
97  2013 Traction X-ray under general anesthesia helps to save motion segment in treatment of Lenke type 3C and 6C curves. CSVL, GOS, SRS-22, TrUGA, TXR
98  2012 Does the lower instrumented vertebra have an effect on lumbar mobility, subjective perception of trunk flexibility, and quality of life in patients with idiopathic scoliosis treated by spinal fusion? LBPi, SRS, TF
99  2012 Extensive fusion for Lenke 3C and 6C scoliosis: a two year radiographic follow-up. AP, PACSs
100  2012 Lowest instrumented vertebra selection in Lenke 3C and 6C scoliosis: what if we choose lumbar apical vertebra as distal fusion end? AP, LAV