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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : MD / mean difference

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Total Number of Papers: 4641
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Abbreviation:   MD  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   mean difference
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
 Pair(Abbreviation/Long Form) Variation
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 A Bayesian network meta-analysis of orthopaedic treatment in Class III malocclusion: Maxillary protraction with skeletal anchorage or a rapid maxillary expander. Alt-RAMEC, BAIMT, BARME, CCTs, CrI, MTAD, RCTs, RME
2020 A meta-analysis of carbon dioxide versus room air insufflation on patient comfort and key performance indicators at colonoscopy. KPIs, OR, PRISMA, VAS
2020 Acupuncture and related interventions for carpal tunnel syndrome: systematic review. CI, CTS, FSS, FSS, RCTs, SSS
2020 Advances in surgical hemostasis: a comprehensive review and meta-analysis on topical tranexamic acid in spinal deformity surgery. OR, tTXA, TXA
2020 An evaluation of the impact of lifestyle interventions on body weight in postpartum women: A systematic review and meta-analysis. ---
2020 Antibiotics versus topical antiseptics for chronic suppurative otitis media. CENTRAL, CI, COM, CSOM, dB, RCTs, RR
2020 Antioxidants for preventing and reducing muscle soreness after exercise: a Cochrane systematic review. ---
2020 Application of telehealth intervention in Parkinson's disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis. CNKI, PD, RCTs, SMD
2020 Benefits of vestibular rehabilitation on patient-reported outcomes in older adults with vestibular disorders: a randomized clinical trial. DHI
10  2020 Cardiovascular risk factors in offspring exposed to gestational diabetes mellitus in utero: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMI, CVD, GDM, IADPSG
11  2020 Caregiver involvement in interventions for improving children's dietary intake and physical activity behaviors. CI, MVPA, RCTs, SMD, SSB
12  2020 Clinical Outcomes Following Immediate Loading of Single-Tooth Implants in the Esthetic Zone: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. CI, RCTs, RR
13  2020 Cognitive behavioural therapy for tinnitus. CBT, CI, MCID, RCTs, RR, SMD, THI, TRT
14  2020 Comparative efficacy evaluation of inverted internal limiting membrane flap technique and internal limiting membrane peeling in large macular holes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. CI, ILM, MH, OR, VA
15  2020 Comparison of early postoperative results between robot-assisted and laparoscopic splenectomy for non-traumatic splenic diseases rather than portal hypertensive hypersplenism-a meta-analysis. CI, LS, NDOS, RD, RS
16  2020 Development of a Cuff-Less Blood Pressure Monitoring System and Its Application. BP, PAT
17  2020 Different types of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy for neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury: A systematic review and network meta-analysis study protocol. NBD, OR, RR, SCI, SMD
18  2020 Drug therapy for delirium in terminally ill adults. CI
19  2020 Eating, Sleeping and Sexual Function Disorders in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): a systematic review and meta-analysis. CI, OR, PCOS
20  2020 Effect of nuts on energy intake, hunger, and fullness, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. VAS
21  2020 Effect of Senior Dance (DanSE) on Fall Risk Factors in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. ---
22  2020 Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training in Combat Sports: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis. CS, HIIT, RST, SIT
23  2020 Effects of preeclampsia and eclampsia on maternal metabolic and biochemical outcomes in later life: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMI, BP, CI, MetS, PE, RD
24  2020 Efficacy and safety of haloperidol for delirium prevention in adult patients: An updated meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis of randomized controlled trials. CI, GRADE, ICU, RR, TSA
25  2020 Efficacy of combination therapy with ezetimibe and statins versus a double dose of statin monotherapy in participants with hypercholesterolemia: a meta-analysis of literature. E/S, HDL, LDL-C, RCTs, SD, TC
26  2020 Electrical stimulation for treating pressure ulcers. CENTRAL, CI, ES, HR, IQR, RCTs, RR
27  2020 Estimation in meta-analyses of mean difference and standardized mean difference. SMD
28  2020 Evaluating the effectiveness of aquatic therapy on mobility, balance, and level of functional independence in stroke rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BBS, CI, FRT, PEDro, TUG
29  2020 Evidence-based therapeutic dilemma in the management of uncomplicated amebic liver abscess: A systematic review and meta-analysis. ALA, CI, PA, PCD, RCTs
30  2020 Galectin-3 and risk of atrial fibrillation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. AF, HR, OR
31  2020 Ginkgol Biloba extract as an adjunctive treatment for ischemic stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. CI, GBE, RevMan, RR, RR
32  2020 Heparin therapy in placental insufficiency: Systematic review and meta-analysis. ---
33  2020 High-definition colonoscopy for improving adenoma detection: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. GRADE, HD-WLE, RCTs, RR
34  2020 Horticultural Therapy in Patients With Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. HT
35  2020 Immediate Interventions for Presyncope of Vasovagal or Orthostatic Origin: A Systematic Review. BP, PCM, RCTs
36  2020 Interventions for renal vasculitis in adults. AKI, AZA, CI, CPA, MMF, RR, SCr
37  2020 Interventions to slow progression of myopia in children. CI, RCTs, RGPCLs, RR, SCLs, SVLs
38  2020 Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Is Safe for Patients Over 60 Years of Age: A Meta-Analysis of Comparative Studies. CI, LSG, OSA, RR, RR
39  2020 Laparoscopic Versus Open Liver Resection for Tumors in the Posterosuperior Segments: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. CI, DFS, OR, OS, PRISMA, ROBINS-I
40  2020 Laparoscopic Versus Open Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. CI, DGE, LOS, LPD, OPD, OR, POPF, PPH, RCTs
41  2020 Maternal depression in rural Pakistan: the protective associations with cultural postpartum practices. MDE, PPD
42  2020 Meta-analysis of the radiological and clinical features of Usual Interstitial Pneumonia (UIP) and Nonspecific Interstitial Pneumonia (NSIP). CT, ILD, NSIP, NSIP, NSIP, OR, UIP
43  2020 Methods of pain control during endometrial biopsy: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. CI, NSAID
44  2020 Microsurgery Versus Laparoscopic Surgery for Varicocele: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. RCTs, RR, RR, SMD
45  2020 Minimally Invasive Versus Open Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Single-Level Degenerative Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. MI-TLIF, O-TLIF
46  2020 Motor neuroprosthesis for promoting recovery of function after stroke. ADL, AFO, CENTRAL, CI, HRQoL, MN, RCTs, RR
47  2020 Neurological recovery and antioxidant effects of resveratrol in rats with spinal cord injury: a meta-analysis. CI, SMD
48  2020 Oral health in patients with stroke: a meta-analysis of comparative studies. CI
49  2020 Pregabalin and gabapentin in neuropathic pain management after spinal cord injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis. CI, GBP, PGB, SCI, SMD
50  2020 Pretreatment with glucose-insulin-potassium improves ventricular performances after coronary artery bypass surgery: a randomized controlled trial. CABGS, Vp
51  2020 Probiotics for people with cystic fibrosis. CF, CI, RCTs
52  2020 Restrictive fluid management strategies and outcomes in liver transplantation: a systematic review. AKI, CI, RCTs, RR
53  2020 Risk factors of gallbladder polyps formation in East Asian population: A meta-analysis and systematic review. GBP, OR
54  2020 Safety and efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy versus laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: A systematic review and meta-analysis. CI, EWL, LRYGB, LSG, RR
55  2020 School-age outcomes of children without cerebral palsy cooled for neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy in 2008-2010. CP, HIE
56  2020 Systematic literature review and network meta-analysis of sodium-glucose co-transporter inhibitors vs metformin as add-on to insulin in type 1 diabetes. CrI, DKA, NMA, RCTs, SGLT, SLR
57  2020 Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents. CBT, GRADE, OCD, SMD, SSRIs
58  2020 The Comparison of Intrathecal Ropivacaine with Bupivacaine for Knee Arthroscopy: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. RCTs
59  2020 The development and validation of a human screening model of tobacco abstinence. NRT, RC
60  2020 The Effect of Perioperative Intravenous Iron on Hemoglobin in Surgical Patients: A Meta-Analysis. CI
61  2020 The Effects of Home Exercise in Older Women With Vertebral Fractures: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. ITT
62  2020 The relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AHI, HRs, OR, OSA, PD
63  2020 Use and Cost of Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty Versus Hemiarthroplasty for Acute Proximal Humerus Fractures. CI, HSA, ICD-9-CM, PHF, RTSA
64  2020 Variables Associated With Lag Screw Sliding After Single-Screw Cephalomedullary Nail Fixation of Intertrochanteric Fractures. CI, CMN
65  2020 Yoga, Physical Therapy, and Back Pain Education for Sleep Quality in Low-Income Racially Diverse Adults with Chronic Low Back Pain: a Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. CI, CLBP, OR, PSQI, PT
66  2019 "Smoking paradox" is not true in patients with ischemic stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis. IS, OR
67  2019 A 10% Increase in Step Rate Improves Running Kinematics and Clinical Outcomes in Runners With Patellofemoral Pain at 4 Weeks and 3 Months. PFP
68  2019 A clinical comparison of 1-piece versus 2-piece implants: A systematic review and meta-analysis. CI, PICO, PRISMA, PROSPERO, RR
69  2019 A comparison of the effect of supplementation and sunlight exposure on serum vitamin D and parathyroid hormone: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PTH
70  2019 A Comparison of Treatment Effects for Nonsurgical Therapies and the Minimum Clinically Important Difference in Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review. MCID, NSAIDs, SMD
71  2019 A double-blind randomized controlled trial of the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid supplementation on muscle inflammation and physical function in patients undergoing colorectal cancer resection. AT, CI, CPET, CRC, DXA, EPA, HG, LMM
72  2019 A focus on riociguat in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. NO, PAH
73  2019 A meta-analysis of laparoscopic surgery versus conventional open surgery in the treatment of colorectal cancer. DVT, RCTs, RR, SMD
74  2019 A meta-analysis of serum osteocalcin level in postmenopausal osteoporotic women compared to controls. CI, OC, PMO, sOC
75  2019 A Mobile System to Improve Quality of Life Via Energy Balance in Breast Cancer Survivors (BENECA mHealth): Prospective Test-Retest Quasiexperimental Feasibility Study. EAF, MARS, NPS, PA, QOL
76  2019 A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial of Aspiration and Fibrin Sealant Use Versus Aspiration Alone in the Treatment of Dorsal Wrist Ganglia. AT, DWG
77  2019 A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing open versus endoscopic in situ decompression for the treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome. CIs, EISD, OISD, RR
78  2019 A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Anterior Versus Lateral Approach for Laparoscopic Splenectomy. CI, LS, OR, RCTs
79  2019 A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Crossover Studies Comparing Physiological, Perceptual and Performance Measures Between Treadmill and Overground Running. HR, La, RPE, SMD
80  2019 A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of del Nido Versus Conventional Cardioplegia in Adult Cardiac Surgery. BC, CI, CPB, DC, LOS
81  2019 A systematic review and meta-analysis of evaluation of serum interleukin 8 levels in hepatocellular carcinoma. AFP, CH, CI, HCC, IL-8, LC
82  2019 A systematic review and meta-analysis of memantine for the prevention or treatment of chronic pain. CI, NMDA, RR
83  2019 A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Rehabilitative Interventions for Unilateral Spatial Neglect and Hemianopia Poststroke From 2006 Through 2016. CIs, RCTs, SMD, USN
84  2019 A systematic review and meta-analysis of ulipristal acetate for symptomatic uterine fibroids. CIs, RCTs, RR, UPA
85  2019 Ab interno trabecular bypass surgery with iStent for open-angle glaucoma. CENTRAL, CI, ICTRP, IOP, MIGS, RCTs, RR, WHO
86  2019 Abelmoschus manihot for Diabetic Nephropathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. 24-h UP, CI, DN, eGFR, ESRD, RAS, RR, SCr, UAER
87  2019 Accuracy of Apple Watch Measurements for Heart Rate and Energy Expenditure in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: Cross-Sectional Study. CPET, ECG, EE, HR, ICCs, LOA, MAE, MAPE, SDD
88  2019 Acetazolamide Therapy in Patients with Heart Failure: A Meta-Analysis. AHI, CAI, HF, SMD
89  2019 Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) for schizophrenia. CI, ITT, NSAID, PANSS, RR
90  2019 Acupoint injection treatment for primary osteoporosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMD, POP, RCTs
91  2019 Acupotomy by an ultrasound-guided technique: A protocol for a systematic review. CBM, CNKI, CSJD, RCTs, VAS
92  2019 Acupotomy for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. LSS, RCTs
93  2019 Acupuncture Augmentation of Lidocaine for Provoked, Localized Vulvodynia: A Feasibility and Acceptability Study. NTA, PLV, TA
94  2019 Acupuncture for polycystic ovarian syndrome. CIs, GnRH, PCOS, RCTs, RR, SMD, three RCTs
95  2019 Acupuncture for Post-stroke Shoulder-Hand Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. ADL, CI, FMA, SHS, VAS
96  2019 Acupuncture for Primary Insomnia: An Updated Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. CI, PSQI, RCTs, REM
97  2019 Acupuncture for Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. CI, ED, RCTs, RR
98  2019 Acupuncture in improving endometrial receptivity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. CI, ER, PI, RCTs, RI, RR, SMD
99  2019 Acupuncture therapy for essential hypertension: a network meta-analysis. ACEIs, ARBs, CBM, CCB, CI, CNKI, DBP, MACE, OR, SBP
100  2019 Acupuncture to Promote Recovery of Disorder of Consciousness after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. ADL, DOC, GCS, GOS, RCTs, RR, TBI