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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : PA / passive avoidance

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Total Number of Papers: 216
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Abbreviation:   PA  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   passive avoidance
 Abbreviation Variation
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No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 Effects of levothyroxine on learning and memory deficits in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease: the role of BDNF and oxidative stress. AD, BDNF, MWM, STZ
2019 Atypical but not typical antipsychotic drugs ameliorate phencyclidine-induced emotional memory impairments in mice. APDs, NMDAR
2019 CHIMERA repetitive mild traumatic brain injury induces chronic behavioural and neuropathological phenotypes in wild-type and APP/PS1 mice. BM, CHIMERA, EPM, LRR, mTBI, NSS, RR, TBI, WT
2019 Effects of Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase Inhibitors Acute Administration on the Positive and Cognitive Symptoms of Schizophrenia in Mice. 2-AG, AEA, CB, ECS, FAAH, MAGL, NMDA
2019 Effects of novel hexahydropyrimidine derivatives as potential ligands of M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor on cognitive function, hypoxia-induced lethality, and oxidative stress in rodents. MDA, OF
2019 Effects of PPAR-gamma agonist, pioglitazone on brain tissues oxidative damage and learning and memory impairment in juvenile hypothyroid rats. CAT, MDA, MMW, NO, PPARgamma, PTU, SOD
2019 Impact of the metabotropic glutamate receptor7 (mGlu7) allosteric agonist, AMN082, on fear learning and memory and anxiety-like behavior. EPM, mGlu7
2019 Memory enhancing effect of Nigella Sativa hydro-alcoholic extract on lipopolysaccharide-induced memory impairment in rats. CAT, IL-6, LPS, MDA, MWM, NO, NS, SOD, TNF-alpha
2019 Mephedrone Impact on Matrix Metalloproteinases Activity - Do they Influence the Memory Processes? ECM, MMPs
10  2019 Phytohormone abscisic acid ameliorates cognitive impairments in streptozotocin-induced rat model of Alzheimer's disease through PPARbeta/delta and PKA signaling. ABA, AD, i.c.v, MWM, STZ
11  2019 Pretraining hippocampal stimulation of melatonin type 2 receptors can improve memory acquisition in rats. DG, DI, MT2R, NOR, NOT, STLa, STLr
12  2019 The effects of exercise on hippocampal inflammatory cytokine levels, brain oxidative stress markers and memory impairments induced by lipopolysaccharide in rats. CAT, IL-1beta, LPS, MDA, MWM, SOD, TNF-alpha
13  2019 The effects of moderate exercise and overtraining on learning and memory, hippocampal inflammatory cytokine levels, and brain oxidative stress markers in rats. IL-1beta, MDA, MT, MWM, OT
14  2018 Acute MDMA and Nicotine Co-administration: Behavioral Effects and Oxidative Stress Processes in Mice. MDMA, nAChRs
15  2018 Angiotensin receptor blocker, losartan ameliorates neuroinflammation and behavioral consequences of lipopolysaccharide injection. Ang II, AT1R, CAT, FST, i.p, LPS, MDA, NO, SOD, SPT
16  2018 Feeding Vitamin C during Neonatal and Juvenile Growth Improves Learning and Memory of Rats. CAT, MDA, MWM, Vit C
17  2018 GABA-enriched fermented Laminaria japonica improves cognitive impairment and neuroplasticity in scopolamine- and ethanol-induced dementia model mice. ACh, AChE, ALT, AST, CON, CREB, DPZ, EtOH, FL, mAChR, MWM, SCO, TC, TG
18  2018 Ginsenoside Rh2 reverses sleep deprivation-induced cognitive deficit in mice. LPO, MDA, OLR, SD, SIA, SOD, TAR
19  2018 Inhibition of Phosphodiesterase-4 Reverses Abeta-Induced Memory Impairment by Regulation of HPA Axis Related cAMP Signaling. AD, BDNF, CORT, CRF-R and GR, HPA axis, i.c.v, MWM, PDE4
20  2018 Palmitoylethanolamide Ameliorates Hippocampal Damage and Behavioral Dysfunction After Perinatal Asphyxia in the Immature Rat Brain. EPM, OF, PEA
21  2018 Protective effect against brain tissues oxidative damage as a possible mechanism for beneficial effects of L-arginine on lipopolysaccharide induced memory impairment in rats. CAT, LA, LPS, MDA, NO, SOD
22  2018 Reversible inactivation of interpeduncular nucleus impairs memory consolidation and retrieval but not learning in rats: A behavioral and molecular study. IPN, MWM
23  2018 Scopolamine-Induced Memory Impairment Is Alleviated by Xanthotoxin: Role of Acetylcholinesterase and Oxidative Stress Processes. IL
24  2018 The effects of donepezil on phencyclidine-induced cognitive deficits in a mouse model of schizophrenia. AD, MWM, NOR
25  2018 The effects of tramadol administration on hippocampal cell apoptosis, learning and memory in adult rats and neuroprotective effects of crocin. DNs, MWM
26  2018 The effects of vitamin E on brain derived neurotrophic factor, tissues oxidative damage and learning and memory of juvenile hypothyroid rats. BDNF, CAT, MDA, MWM, PTU, SOD, Vit E
27  2017 Acute behavioral effects of co-administration of mephedrone and MDMA in mice. EPM, FST, MDMA
28  2017 Behavioral and Biochemical Interaction Between Nicotine and Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress in Mice. CUMS, EPM, FST, GPx, MDA, SOD, TAS
29  2017 Beneficial effects of garlic on learning and memory deficits and brain tissue damages induced by lead exposure during juvenile rat growth is comparable to the effect of ascorbic acid. AA, Lead-AA, MWM
30  2017 Comparison of pro-amnesic efficacy of scopolamine, biperiden, and phencyclidine by using passive avoidance task in CD-1 mice. BIP, i.p, NMDA, SCOP
31  2017 Emotion-Based Cognition in Mice Is Differentially Influenced by Dose and Chemical Form of Dietary Docosahexaenoic Acid. DHA, EPM, fear
32  2017 Nociceptin and the NOP receptor in aversive learning in mice. i.c.v, NOP
33  2017 Protective effects of high Tryptophan diet on aging-induced passive avoidance impairment and hippocampal apoptosis. HP, TrP
34  2017 The effect of orexin 1 and orexin 2 receptors antagonisms in the basolateral amygdala on memory processing in a passive avoidance task. BLA
35  2017 The effects of Nigella sativa extract on hypothyroidism-associated learning and memory impairment during neonatal and juvenile growth in rats. MDA, MWM, N. sativa
36  2017 The effects of thymoquinone on hippocampal cytokine level, brain oxidative stress status and memory deficits induced by lipopolysaccharide in rats. CAT, IL-6, LPS, MDA, MWM, NO, SOD, TQ
37  2017 The effects of vitamin C on hypothyroidism-associated learning and memory impairment in juvenile rats. CAT, MDA, MWM, PTU, SOD, STL, Vit C
38  2017 The Evaluation of Pro-Cognitive and Antiamnestic Properties of Berberine and Magnoflorine Isolated from Barberry Species by Centrifugal Partition Chromatography (CPC), in Relation to QSAR Modelling. BBB, CPC, QSAR
39  2016 Abnormal decision-making in generalized anxiety disorder: Aversion of risk or stimulus-reinforcement impairment? GAD, GAF
40  2016 Beneficial effects of ellagic acid against animal models of scopolamine- and diazepam-induced cognitive impairments. EA, EPM, LTP
41  2016 Brain-derived neurotrophic factor delivered to the brain using poly (lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles improves neurological and cognitive outcome in mice with traumatic brain injury. BBB, BDNF, NP-BDNF-PX, TBI
42  2016 CNS safety pharmacology: A focus on cognitive functions. CNS, DA, MWM, OR, SR
43  2016 Correlations between the Memory-Related Behavior and the Level of Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Mice Brain, Provoked by an Acute Administration of CB Receptor Ligands. CB, MDA, TAC
44  2016 Effects of enriched environment on alterations in the prefrontal cortex GFAP- and S100B-immunopositive astrocytes and behavioral deficits in MK-801-treated rats. EE, EPM, GFAP, NMDA, PFC, SCH
45  2016 Effects of gestational and lactational exposure to low dose mercury chloride (HgCl2) on behaviour, learning and hearing thresholds in WAG/Rij rats. DPOAE, LA, MWM
46  2016 Effects of Mimosa pudica L. leaves extract on anxiety, depression and memory. EAMP, EPM, LDB, OFT, SI
47  2016 Exenatide enhances cognitive performance and upregulates neurotrophic factor gene expression levels in diabetic mice. BDNF, cAMP, GLP-1, mEPM, mRNA, RT-PCR, STZ-NA
48  2016 Feeding of Nigella sativa during neonatal and juvenile growth improves learning and memory of rats. MDA, MWM, NS
49  2016 In vivo modulation of the behavioral effects of nicotine by the coumarins xanthotoxin, bergapten, and umbelliferone. CYP2A6, FST
50  2016 Inducible nitric oxide inhibitor aminoguanidine, ameliorates deleterious effects of lipopolysaccharide on memory and long term potentiation in rat. AG, CAT, fEPSP, iNOS, LPS, MDA, MWM, NO, SOD
51  2016 LC/MS-based metabolomics strategy to assess the amelioration effects of ginseng total saponins on memory deficiency induced by simulated microgravity. CORT, GTS, HU, LC-MS
52  2016 Neuroprotective and antiamnestic effects of mutant molecules of erythropoietin on model of photochemical thrombosis of rat brain prefrontal cortex. ---
53  2016 Rapamycin blocks the antidepressant effect of ketamine in task-dependent manner. BDNF, CM, EPM, mTOR, MWM, OF, PFC
54  2016 Simultaneous impairment of passive avoidance learning and nociception in rats following chronic swim stress. OFT, SIH, SS, TDM
55  2016 The effects of captopril on lipopolysaccharide induced learning and memory impairments and the brain cytokine levels and oxidative damage in rats. CAT, LPS, MDA, MWM, NO, SOD
56  2016 The effects of Nigella sativa on neural damage after pentylenetetrazole induced seizures in rats. NS, PTZ
57  2016 Valproic acid-mediated inhibition of trimethyltin-induced deficits in memory and learning in the rat does not directly depend on its anti-oxidant properties. MDA, MWM, TMT, VPA
58  2015 Ameliorative effect of gastrodin on 3,3'-iminodipropionitrile-induced memory impairment in rats. IDPN, SERT
59  2015 Anticonvulsant activity of the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor etoricoxib in pentylenetetrazole-kindled rats is associated with memory impairment. COX, COX-2, MDA, MWM, PTZ
60  2015 Collaboration of geldanamycin-activated P70S6K and Hsp70 against beta-amyloid-induced hippocampal apoptosis: an approach to long-term memory and learning. AD, GA, Hsp90, TUNEL
61  2015 Cutamesine Overcomes REM Sleep Deprivation-Induced Memory Loss: Relationship to Sigma-1 Receptor Occupancy. PET, REM, RO, SD, UPLC
62  2015 Effects of cannabinoid and glutamate receptor antagonists and their interactions on learning and memory in male rats. ---
63  2015 Effects of imperatorin on scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment and oxidative stress in mice. AD
64  2015 Effects of systemic Thalidomide and intracerebroventricular Etanercept and Infliximab administration in a Streptozotocin induced dementia model in rats. AD, MWM, STZ, TNF-alpha
65  2015 Evaluation of potential antiamnesic activities of aqueous extract of Vitex trifolia leaves against scopolamine induced amnesia and in normal rats. MWM, TM, Vt
66  2015 Lipopolysaccharide-induced memory impairment in rats is preventable using 7-nitroindazole. 7-NI, LPS, MDA, NO
67  2015 Multi-target iron-chelators improve memory loss in a rat model of sporadic Alzheimer's disease. MWM, non-Tg, SAD
68  2015 Observation of Distressed Conspecific as a Model of Emotional Trauma Generates Silent Synapses in the Prefrontal-Amygdala Pathway and Enhances Fear Learning, but Ketamine Abolishes those Effects. BLA, dmPFC
69  2015 Psychological or physical prenatal stress differentially affects cognition behaviors. EPM, MWM
70  2015 The effect of GABA transporter 1 (GAT1) inhibitor, tiagabine, on scopolamine-induced memory impairments in mice. GAT1, MWM, RAWM
71  2015 The role of the serotonin receptor subtypes 5-HT1A and 5-HT7 and its interaction in emotional learning and memory. 5-HTR
72  2015 Vitamin D Improves Learning and Memory Impairment in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Mice. DM, STZ
73  2014 Antipsychotic, antidepressant, and cognitive-impairment properties of antipsychotics: rat profile and implications for behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. BPSD, FST
74  2014 Behavioral methods for the study of the Ras-ERK pathway in memory formation and consolidation: passive avoidance and novel object recognition tests. DI, NOR, RI
75  2014 Effect of tempol on the passive avoidance and novel object recognition task in diabetic rats. DI, DM, NOR, STZ
76  2014 Effects of 7-NI and ODQ on memory in the passive avoidance, novel object recognition, and social transmission of food preference tests in mice. 7-NI, GC, NO, NOR, NOS, STFP
77  2014 Effects of YC-1 on learning and memory functions of aged rats. MWM
78  2014 Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma activation attenuates motor and cognition impairments induced by bile duct ligation in a rat model of hepatic cirrhosis. BDL, HC
79  2014 Protective role of endogenous ovarian hormones against learning and memory impairments and brain tissues oxidative damage induced by lipopolysaccharide. AD, LPS, MDA
80  2014 Role of nitric oxide in altered nociception and memory following chronic stress. ---
81  2014 Study of ameliorating effects of ethanolic extract of Centella asiatica on learning and memory deficit in animal models. CE, MDA, MWM
82  2014 Telmisartan attenuates cognitive impairment caused by chronic stress in rats. Ang II, ORT, PPARgamma
83  2014 The Antidepressant Agomelatine Improves Memory Deterioration and Upregulates CREB and BDNF Gene Expression Levels in Unpredictable Chronic Mild Stress (UCMS)-Exposed Mice. BDNF, cAMP, mEPM, mRNA, MWM, NOR, RT-PCR, UCMS
84  2014 The cognition-enhancing activity of E1R, a novel positive allosteric modulator of sigma-1 receptors. BK
85  2014 The effects of pre- and post-natal nicotine exposure and genetic background on the striatum and behavioral phenotypes in the mouse. EPM, NOR, OF, PN
86  2014 Zaprinast and rolipram enhances spatial and emotional memory in the elevated plus maze and passive avoidance tests and diminishes exploratory activity in naive mice. AD, EPM, PDE
87  2013 Developmental exposure to chlorpyrifos and diazinon differentially affect passive avoidance performance and nitric oxide synthase-containing neurons in the basolateral complex of the amygdala. BL, BLC, CPF, DZN, IR, nNOS, PND
88  2013 Effects of ethanolic extract of Fumaria indica L. on rat cognitive dysfunctions. AChE, CMC, IL, M-EPM, TNF-alpha
89  2013 Effects of imperatorin on nicotine-induced anxiety- and memory-related responses and oxidative stress in mice. EPM, GPx, GR, MDA, SOD
90  2013 Hippocampal neurofibromin and amyloid precursor protein expression in dopamine D3 receptor knock-out mice following passive avoidance conditioning. APP, WT
91  2013 Impairment of an electroconvulsive stimulus on reconsolidation of memories established by conditioning. CPP
92  2013 The effects of N-Methyl-D-Aspartate receptor blockade during the early neurodevelopmental period on emotional behaviors and cognitive functions of adolescent Wistar rats. EPM, NMDA, OF
93  2013 Ventral tegmental area inactivation suppresses the expression of CA1 long term potentiation in anesthetized rat. LTP, VTA
94  2012 Circadian modulation of passive avoidance is not eliminated in arrhythmic hamsters with suprachiasmatic nucleus lesions. CPA, SCN
95  2012 Comparing the predictive value of multiple cognitive, affective, and motor tasks after rodent traumatic brain injury. BW, CCI, NOR, PID, rMWM, sMWM, TBI, TS
96  2012 Effect of standardized extract of Marsilea minuta on learning and memory performance in rat amnesic models. AChE, EMM, EPM
97  2012 Effects of exposure to amphetamine derivatives on passive avoidance performance and the central levels of monoamines and their metabolites in mice: correlations between behavior and neurochemistry. MDMA, METH, PCA
98  2012 Emotional memory impairments in a genetic rat model of depression: involvement of 5-HT/MEK/Arc signaling in restoration. FSL
99  2012 Involvement of amygdaloid protein synthesis in early- and late-phase reconsolidation of emotion-related memories. BLA, CeA, CPP
100  2012 Lamotrigine, a mood stabilizer, may have beneficial effects on memory acquisition and retrieval in mice. LMG, mEPM, MWM