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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : PhIP / 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine

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Abbreviation:   PhIP  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
 Pair(Abbreviation/Long Form) Variation
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2019 ABC transporters Mdr1a/1b, Bcrp1, Mrp2 and Mrp3 determine the sensitivity to PhIP/DSS-induced colon carcinogenesis and inflammation. ABC, DSS, WT
2019 Anticancer effect of metformin against 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b]pyridine-induced rat mammary carcinogenesis is through AMPK pathway and modulation of oxidative stress markers. AMPK
2019 Bioactivation of the tobacco carcinogens 4-aminobiphenyl (4-ABP) and 2-amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AalphaC) in human bladder RT4 cells. 2-NA, 4-ABP, AAs, BC, CYP1, HAAs
2019 Content, causes and analysis of heterocyclic amines in Chinese traditional braised chicken. ACs, AIAs, HCAs, PCA
2019 Effect of the metabolic capacity in rat liver S9 on the positive results of in vitro micronucleus tests. BaP, BNF, CPA, MI, PB
2019 Evaluation of a 28-day repeated-dose micronucleus test in rat glandular stomach, colon, and liver using gastrointestinal tract-targeted genotoxic-carcinogens and non-carcinogens. GI, MN, MNU, NMUT
2019 Indole: A Promising Scavenging Agent for Methylglyoxal and Related Carbonyls in Tryptophan Containing Maillard Model Systems. ---
2019 Neuromelanin modulates heterocyclic aromatic amine-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity. HAAs, PD
2019 The effects of different frying oils on the formation of heterocyclic aromatic amines in meatballs and the changes in fatty acid compositions of meatballs and frying oils. HCAs, MUFA, PUFA, SFAs
10  2019 Three-dimensional HepaRG spheroids as a liver model to study human genotoxicity in vitro with the single cell gel electrophoresis assay. 2,4-DAT, 2-AAF, 4-NQO, CPA, DMBA, MMS
11  2018 2,6-Dimethoxy-1,4-benzoquinone, isolation and identification of anti-carcinogenic, anti-mutagenic and anti-inflammatory component from the juice of Vitis coignetiae. DBQ
12  2018 A comparison of mutagenic PhIP and beneficial 8-C-(E-phenylethenyl)quercetin and 6-C-(E-phenylethenyl)quercetin formation under microwave and conventional heating. 6-CEPQ, 8-CEPQ
13  2018 Alterations in the nigrostriatal dopamine system after acute systemic PhIP exposure. HCAs, PD
14  2018 Apiaceous Vegetables and Cruciferous Phytochemicals Reduced PhIP-DNA Adducts in Prostate but Not in Pancreas of Wistar Rats. API, CRU
15  2018 Biomonitoring an albumin adduct of the cooked meat carcinogen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine in humans. ALB, LOD
16  2018 Dose-dependent synergistic and antagonistic mutation responses of binary mixtures of the environmental carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene with food-derived carcinogens. AC, BaP, GA, MF, TK
17  2018 Early detection of prostate carcinogens by immunohistochemistry of HMGB2. HMGB2
18  2018 Ethanol potentiates the genotoxicity of the food-derived mammary carcinogen PhIP in human estrogen receptor-positive mammary cells: mechanistic support for lifestyle factors (cooked red meat and ethanol) associated with mammary cancer. AhR, ERalpha, ROS
19  2018 Genotoxicity of heterocyclic amines (HCAs) on freshly isolated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and prevention by phenolic extracts derived from olive, olive oil and olive leaves. HCAs, IQ, PBMC
20  2018 Inhibitory effect of mixture herbs/spices on formation of heterocyclic amines and mutagenic activity of grilled beef. HCAs, SPE
21  2018 Inhibitory effects of catechins on beta-carbolines in tea leaves and chemical model systems. ---
22  2018 Metabolic Activation of the Cooked Meat Carcinogen 2-Amino-1-Methyl-6-Phenylimidazo[4,5-b]Pyridine in Human Prostate. HAA, HONH-PhIP, NATs
23  2018 Selective dopaminergic neurotoxicity of three heterocyclic amine subclasses in primary rat midbrain neurons. AIA, HCAs, PD
24  2018 Structure-Activity Relationship (SAR) of Phenolics for 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) Formation in Phenylalanine/Creatinine Reaction Mixtures Including (or Not) Oxygen and Lipid Hydroperoxides. SAR
25  2018 Structures and Antimutagenic Effects of Onoceranoid-Type Triterpenoids from the Leaves of Lansium domesticum. ---
26  2018 The effects of different spices and fat types on the formation of heterocyclic aromatic amines in barbecued sucuk. HCA
27  2018 Unraveling the inhibitory effect of dihydromyricetin on heterocyclic aromatic amines formation. DMY, HAAs
28  2017 8-C-(E-phenylethenyl)quercetin from onion/beef soup induces autophagic cell death in colon cancer cells through ERK activation. 8-CEPQ, ERK, MEK
29  2017 A miRNA signature for an environmental heterocyclic amine defined by a multi-organ carcinogenicity bioassay in the rat. HCAs, KLF4, miRNA
30  2017 A Rapid Throughput Method To Extract DNA from Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded Tissues for Biomonitoring Carcinogenic DNA Adducts. 4-ABP, AAI, FFPE
31  2017 delta- and gamma-tocopherols inhibit phIP/DSS-induced colon carcinogenesis by protection against early cellular and DNA damages. DSS, hCYP1A
32  2017 Divergent roles of p120-catenin isoforms linked to altered cell viability, proliferation, and invasiveness in carcinogen-induced rat skin tumors. ---
33  2017 Formation of heterocyclic amines in Chinese marinated meat: effects of animal species and ingredients (rock candy, soy sauce and rice wine). HAAs
34  2017 From the Cover: PhIP/DSS-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis in CYP1A-Humanized Mice and the Possible Role of Lgr5+ Stem Cells. CRC, DSS
35  2017 Impact of DNA repair on the dose-response of colorectal cancer formation induced by dietary carcinogens. BER, CRC, HCAs, MGMT, NER, NOC, O6-MeG, PoDs
36  2017 In vitro exposure of simulated meat-cooking fumes to assess adverse biological effects. ---
37  2017 Inhibitory profiles of chilli pepper and capsaicin on heterocyclic amine formation in roast beef patties. 1,5,6-TMIP, DMIP, HAs, IQx, PCA
38  2017 Lactoperoxidase, an Antimicrobial Milk Protein, as a Potential Activator of Carcinogenic Heterocyclic Amines in Breast Cancer. IQ, LPO
39  2017 Mass Spectrometric Characterization of an Acid-Labile Adduct Formed with 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine and Albumin in Humans. ---
40  2017 Metabolism of Foodborne Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines by Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 20016. HAA, IQ, PhIP-M1
41  2017 Screening of molecular cell targets for carcinogenic heterocyclic aromatic amines by using CALUX reporter gene assays. AR, ERalpha, GR, HCAs, PAH, PPARgamma2
42  2016 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b) pyridine (PhIP) induces gene expression changes in JAK/STAT and MAPK pathways related to inflammation, diabetes and cancer. Egr-1, HCA, IBP5
43  2016 A phenylacetaldehyde-flavonoid adduct, 8-C-(E-phenylethenyl)-norartocarpetin, exhibits intrinsic apoptosis and MAPK pathways-related anticancer potential on HepG2, SMMC-7721 and QGY-7703. ---
44  2016 A Prospective Analysis of Meat Mutagens and Colorectal Cancer in the Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study. CIs, CRC, HCAs, HPFS, HRs, MDM, MeIQx, NHS
45  2016 Acid-labile protein-adducted heterocyclic aromatic amines in human blood are not viable biomarkers of dietary exposure: A systematic study. HCA
46  2016 Aryl hydrocarbon receptor activation and CYP1A induction by cooked food-derived carcinogenic heterocyclic amines in human HepG2 cell lines. hAhR, HCAs
47  2016 Bioactivation of Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines by UDP Glucuronosyltransferases. Gluc, HAA, HONH-PhIP, UGT
48  2016 DNA adducts induced by food mutagen PhIP in a mouse model expressing human sulfotransferases 1A1 and 1A2. C8-PhIP-dG, SULTs, WT
49  2016 Dose validation of PhIP hair level as a biomarker of heterocyclic aromatic amines exposure: a feeding study. ---
50  2016 Effect of sugarcane molasses extract on the formation of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in a model system. GAE
51  2016 Effects of some cations on the formation of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in a model system. ---
52  2016 Effects of waxy rice starch and short chain amylose (SCA) on the formation of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in a model system. SCA
53  2016 Gene-environment interaction of genome-wide association study-identified susceptibility loci and meat-cooking mutagens in the etiology of renal cell carcinoma. EPAS1, ITPR2, MeIQx, RCC
54  2016 Human T lymphocytes bioactivate heterocyclic aromatic amines by forming DNA adducts. HAA
55  2016 Impact of dextran sulphate sodium-induced colitis on the intestinal transport of the colon carcinogen PhIP. DSS
56  2016 Inhibition of 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) Formation by Alkoxy Radical Scavenging of Flavonoids and Their Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship in a Model System. ---
57  2016 Inhibitory Effect of Rosa rugosa Tea Extract on the Formation of Heterocyclic Amines in Meat Patties at Different Temperatures. HCAs, RTE
58  2016 Inhibitory effects of apple peel polyphenol extract on the formation of heterocyclic amines in pan fried beef patties. 4,8-DiMeIQx, DAPP, HCAs
59  2016 Inhibitory effects of selected dietary flavonoids on the formation of total heterocyclic amines and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in roast beef patties and in chemical models. EGCG, HAs
60  2016 Metabolic activation of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b]pyridine and DNA adduct formation depends on p53: Studies in Trp53(+/+),Trp53(+/-) and Trp53(-/-) mice. SULT
61  2016 Multiclass Carcinogenic DNA Adduct Quantification in Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded Tissues by Ultraperformance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. 4-ABP, dG, FFPE, HAAs, NOCs, PAHs
62  2016 Obesity promotes PhIP-induced small intestinal carcinogenesis in hCYP1A-db/db mice: involvement of mutations and DNA hypermethylation of Apc. hCYP1A, IHC
63  2016 Phenethyl isothiocyanate and indole-3-carbinol from cruciferous vegetables, but not furanocoumarins from apiaceous vegetables, reduced PhIP-induced DNA adducts in Wistar rats. ---
64  2016 Synergistic and Antagonistic Mutation Responses of Human MCL-5 Cells to Mixtures of Benzo[a]pyrene and 2-Amino-1-Methyl-6-Phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine: Dose-Related Variation in the Joint Effects of Common Dietary Carcinogens. BaP, EROD, MF, TK
65  2016 The strict anaerobic gut microbe Eubacterium hallii transforms the carcinogenic dietary heterocyclic amine 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). ---
66  2016 Using 3D MCF-7 mammary spheroids to assess the genotoxicity of mixtures of the food-derived carcinogens benzo[a]pyrene and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine. BaP, MN
67  2015 Apiaceous vegetable consumption decreases PhIP-induced DNA adducts and increases methylated PhIP metabolites in the urine metabolome in rats. ---
68  2015 Bacterial Prostatitis Enhances 2-Amino-1-Methyl-6-Phenylimidazo[4,5-b]Pyridine (PhIP)-Induced Cancer at Multiple Sites. ---
69  2015 Caffeic acid inhibits the uptake of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) by inducing the efflux transporters expression in Caco-2 cells. ABC, BCRP, MRP2, P-gp
70  2015 Can creatine supplementation form carcinogenic heterocyclic amines in humans? HCAs
71  2015 Characterization of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5b]pyridine at androgen receptor: mechanistic support for its role in prostate cancer. AR, DHT, LBD
72  2015 Curcumin inhibits PhIP induced cytotoxicity in breast epithelial cells through multiple molecular targets. ROS
73  2015 Development of an online-SPE-LC-MS method for the investigation of the intestinal absorption of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PHIP) and its bacterial metabolite PHIP-M1 in a Caco-2 Transwell system. PhIP-M1
74  2015 Dietary heterocyclic amine intake, NAT2 genetic polymorphism, and colorectal adenoma risk: the colorectal adenoma study in Tokyo. CI, HCA
75  2015 Genetic analysis of colon tumors induced by a dietary carcinogen PhIP in CYP1A humanized mice: Identification of mutation of beta-catenin/Ctnnb1 as the driver gene for the carcinogenesis. DSS
76  2015 Genetic and Diet-Induced Obesity Increased Intestinal Tumorigenesis in the Double Mutant Mouse Model Multiple Intestinal Neoplasia X Obese via Disturbed Glucose Regulation and Inflammation. APC, BW, Min, OB
77  2015 Genotoxicity of three food processing contaminants in transgenic mice expressing human sulfotransferases 1A1 and 1A2 as assessed by the in vivo alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis assay. DMF, HMF, SCGE, SULTs, WT
78  2015 Imidoyl dichlorides as new reagents for the rapid formation of 2-aminobenzimidazoles and related azoles. ---
79  2015 Intake of Meat Mutagens and Risk of Prostate Cancer in a Cohort of U.S. Health Professionals. HCA, MDM
80  2015 Intestinal absorption and cell transforming potential of PhIP-M1, a bacterial metabolite of the heterocyclic aromatic amine 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). PhIP-M1
81  2015 Investigation of the effects of soluble fibers on the absorption of resveratrol and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PHIP) in the Caco-2 cellular model of intestinal absorption. Papp
82  2015 Mass Spectrometric Characterization of Human Serum Albumin Adducts Formed with N-Oxidized Metabolites of 2-Amino-1-methylphenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine in Human Plasma and Hepatocytes. 5-HO-PhIP, HONH-PhIP, N-acetoxy-PhIP, N-sulfooxy-PhIP
83  2015 Measurement of the Heterocyclic Amines 2-Amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole and 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine in Urine: Effects of Cigarette Smoking. HAAs
84  2015 Method to Biomonitor the Cooked Meat Carcinogen 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine in Dyed Hair by Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Orbitrap High Resolution Multistage Mass Spectrometry. LOQ, ppt
85  2015 Protective activity of probiotic bacteria against 2-amino-3-methyl-3H-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) - an in vitro study. FW, HAAs, IQ
86  2015 Reactive oxygen species-mediated breast cell carcinogenesis enhanced by multiple carcinogens and intervened by dietary ergosterol and mimosine. NBP, ROS
87  2014 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is selectively toxic to primary dopaminergic neurons in vitro. HNE, PD
88  2014 Ammonia and formaldehyde participate in the formation of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in addition to creati(ni)ne and phenylacetaldehyde. ni
89  2014 Chronic exposure to combined carcinogens enhances breast cell carcinogenesis with mesenchymal and stem-like cell properties. ---
90  2014 Dietary vitamin E effects on the formation of heterocyclic amines in grilled lean beef. HAs, MeIQx, TriMeIQx
91  2014 Dipyridamole intervention of breast cell carcinogenesis. DPM, ROS
92  2014 Effects of antioxidants of bamboo leaves and flavonoids on 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) formation in chemical model systems. AOB
93  2014 Meat-derived carcinogens, genetic susceptibility and colorectal adenoma risk. CRC, HAAs
94  2014 Molecular characterization of cancer reveals interactions between ionizing radiation and chemicals on rat mammary carcinogenesis. MNU
95  2014 Optimised extraction of heterocyclic aromatic amines from blood using hollow fibre membrane liquid-phase microextraction and triple quadrupole mass spectrometry. HCA
96  2014 Optimizing proteolytic digestion conditions for the analysis of serum albumin adducts of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine, a potential human carcinogen formed in cooked meat. HAAs, SA
97  2014 Protective effects of probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus IMC501 in mice treated with PhIP. ---
98  2014 Reactive carbonyl-scavenging ability of 2-aminoimidazoles: 2-amino-1-methylbenzimidazole and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). AMBI
99  2014 Role of the modulation of CYP1A1 expression and activity in chemoprevention. BaP, DMBA
100  2014 Structural characteristics that determine the inhibitory role of phenolic compounds on 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) formation. ---