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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : SD / standard deviation

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Abbreviation:   SD  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   standard deviation
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
 Pair(Abbreviation/Long Form) Variation
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 A 32-channel multi-coil setup optimized for human brain shimming at 9.4T. ---
2020 A comparison of three strategies for withdrawal of noninvasive ventilation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with acute respiratory failure: Randomized trial. AECOPD, Group A, HCRF, NIV
2020 A Mendelian Randomization Study Provides Evidence that Adiposity and Dyslipidemia Lead to Lower Urinary Albumin Creatinine Ratio, a Marker of Microvascular Function. MR
2020 A Multinational Observational Study Exploring Adherence With the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes Recommendations for Prevention of Acute Kidney Injury After Cardiac Surgery. AKI, KDIGO, RCTs
2020 A Novel 3-Dimensional Approach for the Echocardiographic Evaluation of Mitral Valve Area After Repair for Degenerative Disease. 2DP, 3DOA, 3DP, MVA, MVR, PHT, TEE
2020 A novel autologous-made matrix using hyaline cartilage chips and platelet-rich growth factors for the treatment of full-thickness cartilage or osteochondral defects: Preliminary results. IKDC, MOCART, MRI, PRGF, SF-12, VAS, WOMAC
2020 A prospective 10-year cephalometric follow-up study of patients with obstructive sleep apnea and snoring who used a mandibular protruding device. hy-ML, MPD
2020 A Randomized Noninferiority Trial of Wearing Adjustable Glasses versus Standard and Ready-made Spectacles among Chinese Schoolchildren: Wearability and Evaluation of Adjustable Refraction III. BCVA, CI, SER, VA
2020 A retrospective 10-year mean follow-up of implants placed in ridges grafted using autogenous mandibular blocks covered with bovine bone mineral and collagen membrane. ---
10  2020 A retrospective comparison of preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate as a predictor of postoperative cardiac surgery associated acute kidney injury. AKIN, BSA, CSA-AKI, eGFR
11  2020 Accelerated Resolution Therapy: Randomized Controlled Trial of a Complicated Grief Intervention. ART, CG, CI, ESs, PTSD, RCT
12  2020 Altered inter- and intrahemispheric functional connectivity dynamics in autistic children. ASD, dFCD, TC
13  2020 Application of a new polyester patch in arthroscopic massive rotator cuff repair-a prospective cohort study. RC
14  2020 Cardiac adaptation in hibernating, free-ranging Scandinavian Brown Bears (Ursus arctos). LV
15  2020 Cardiovascular Disease-Related Pregnancy Complications Are Associated with Increased Maternal Levels and Trajectories of Cardiovascular Disease Biomarkers During and After Pregnancy. BMI, BP, CVD, HDP, HOMA-IR, IL-6
16  2020 Characteristics of Hospitalized Patients Screening Positive for Delirium. ICU, LOS
17  2020 Circulating ceramide ratios and risk of vascular brain aging and dementia. AD
18  2020 Clinical characteristics of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures across the lifespan: An international retrospective study. PNESs
19  2020 Comparative Evaluation of 3-Dimensional High Definition and 2-Dimensional 4-K Ultra-High Definition Endoscopy Systems in Endonasal Skull Base Surgery. HD
20  2020 Comparison of automated vs manual analysis of corneal endothelial cell density and morphology in normal and corneal endothelial dystrophy-affected dogs. CED, ECD
21  2020 Comparison of the effects of gemigliptin and dapagliflozin on glycaemic variability in type 2 diabetes: A randomized, open-label, active-controlled, 12-week study (STABLE II study). CV, MAGE
22  2020 Corneal Neurotization: A Review of Pathophysiology and Outcomes. logMAR
23  2020 Description, utilisation and results from a telehealth primary care weight management intervention for adults with obesity in South Carolina. ---
24  2020 Design and Validation of Education Multimedia Program for Patients With Fecal Diversions: A Quality Improvement Project to Enhance Self-Care. ---
25  2020 Determination of Imminent Brain Death Using the Full Outline of Unresponsiveness Score and the Glasgow Coma Scale: A Prospective, Multicenter, Pilot Feasibility Study. BD, FOUR, GCS, IBD, ICUs
26  2020 Determining the Cost and Length of Stay at Intensive Care Units and the Factors Influencing Them in a Teaching Hospital in Malaysia. CI, ICU, LOS
27  2020 Dietary Intake of Branched-Chain Amino Acids and Risk of Colorectal Cancer. BCAA, CI, HR
28  2020 Dietary protein intake and kidney function decline after myocardial infarction: the Alpha Omega Cohort. MI
29  2020 Does obesity affect the short-term outcomes after cardiothoracic surgery in adolescents with congenital heart disease? BMI, CHD, CI, OR
30  2020 Droplet-digital PCR assay to detect Merkel cell polyomavirus sequences in chorionic villi from spontaneous abortion affected females. ddPCR, LT, MCPyV, PBMCs, SA, VP1
31  2020 Effect of acute transcranial magnetic stimulation on intracellular signalling in human skeletal muscle. ---
32  2020 Effect of female genital mutilation on mental health: a case-control study. CI, FGM/C, ORs
33  2020 Effect of mean HbA1c on the association of HbA1c variability and all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. CV
34  2020 Effect of Median Lobe Enlargement on Early Prostatic Artery Embolization Outcomes. IPP, IPSS, IPSS, PAE, QOL
35  2020 Effect of venous access site on postintervention stent thrombosis for nonthrombotic iliac vein stenting. CFV, FV, IVUS
36  2020 Effectiveness of dry heat application on ease of venepuncture in children with difficult intravenous access: A randomized controlled trial. ---
37  2020 Efficacy and Safety of Ranibizumab in Asian Patients with Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion: Results from the Randomized BLOSSOM Study. BCVA, BRVO, CSFT, LS, PRN, VA
38  2020 Efficacy of combination therapy with ezetimibe and statins versus a double dose of statin monotherapy in participants with hypercholesterolemia: a meta-analysis of literature. E/S, HDL, LDL-C, MD, RCTs, TC
39  2020 Emotion regulation difficulties and impaired working memory interact to predict boredom emotional eating. EE
40  2020 Eosinophilia and risk of incident end stage kidney disease. ESKD, HPF
41  2020 Epidemiology, outcomes, and prognostic factors of orbital lymphoma in the United States. CI, CSS, DLBCL, HR, MALT
42  2020 Evaluating glycaemic control in patients poorly controlled on oral antidiabetic drugs in real-world setting: Results from assessing the Appropriate Timing of Type 2 diAbetes INtensification (ATTAIN). CI, DM, HR, OADs, PH
43  2020 Evaluating the impact of adenotonsillectomy for pediatric sleep-disordered breathing on parental sleep. CI, ESS, OSA, PSQI, SDB
44  2020 Evaluation of blood mercury and serum selenium levels in the pregnant population of the Community of Madrid, Spain. CVAAS, EPA, ETAAS, GM, Se
45  2020 Evaluation of hyperoxia-induced hypercapnia in obese patients after cardiac surgery: a randomized crossover comparison of conservative and liberal oxygen administration. BMI, CABG
46  2020 Ex Vivo Comparison of the Accuracy of a Clamped with a Hand-Held Drill Guide for Drilling Distal Third Metacarpals and Metatarsals in Equids. ---
47  2020 Exercise Intolerance, Mortality, and Organ System Impairment in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer. OR
48  2020 Factors driving olfactory loss in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis: a case control study. CRS, NP, OD
49  2020 Feasibility and Accuracy of Aortic Valve Calcium Quantification on CT Angiography in Aortic Stenosis. CTA, NCCT
50  2020 Feasibility of Conducting Nonpharmacological Interventions to Manage Dementia Symptoms in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. CBE, CY, MI, RCT, SE
51  2020 Fenestrated/Branched Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair Using a Supraceliac Aortic Proximal Seal Zone Versus an Infraceliac Aortic Proximal Seal Zone. IQR
52  2020 Fraction of exhaled nitric oxide levels are elevated in people living with HIV compared to uninfected controls suggesting increased eosinophilic airway inflammation. aOR, COCOMO, FeNO, OR, PLWH
53  2020 Frequency and Predictors of Polypharmacy in US Medicare Patients: A Cross-Sectional Analysis at the Patient and Physician Levels. ---
54  2020 Girl Empower - A gender transformative mentoring and cash transfer intervention to promote adolescent wellbeing: Impact findings from a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Liberia. GE, GE, SRH
55  2020 Glucose Variability Assessed with Continuous Glucose Monitoring: Reliability, Reference Values, and Correlations with Established Glycemic Indices-The Maastricht Study. CGM, CV, GV, IGP, MSG, MSG, OGTT
56  2020 Graft Choice for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With a Concomitant Non-surgically Treated Medial Collateral Ligament Injury Does Not Influence the Risk of Revision. ACL, CI, HR, KOOS, MCL, PASS, PT, ST, STG
57  2020 Histogram analysis with computed tomography angiography for discriminating soft tissue sarcoma from benign soft tissue tumor. AUC, AVK, AVS, CTA, ICC, ROC, ROI
58  2020 IDegLira Improves Glycemic Control in Japanese Patients with Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes on Premixed Insulin Therapy. T2D
59  2020 Impact of rivaroxaban plasma concentration on perioperative red blood cell loss. RBC, RXA
60  2020 Impact on child and parent anxiety level of a teddy bear-scale mock magnetic resonance scanner. ANOVA, MRI
61  2020 Initial Implementation of Resident-Sensitive Quality Measures in the Pediatric Emergency Department: A Wide Range of Performance. RSQMs
62  2020 Learning Curve in Robot-assisted Kidney Transplantation: Results from the European Robotic Urological Society Working Group. CUSUM, RAKT, RWT
63  2020 Liver fat accumulation assessed by computed tomography is an independent risk factor for diabetes mellitus in a population-based study: SESSA (Shiga Epidemiological Study of Subclinical Atherosclerosis). CI, CT, DM, L/S, OR
64  2020 Living alone is associated with visit-to-visit HbA1c variability in men but not in women in people with type 2 diabetes: KAMOGAWA-DM cohort study. CV
65  2020 Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution, APOE-epsilon4 status, and cognitive decline in a cohort of older adults in northern Manhattan. WHICAP
66  2020 Long-term Implant Usage and Quality-of-Life in Sequential Bilateral Pediatric Cochlear Implantation. CIs, OR, SeqBCI
67  2020 Long-term mortality after internal fixation of calcaneal fractures: a retrospective study. SMRs
68  2020 Long-term quality of life after definitive treatment of sinonasal and nasopharyngeal malignancies. ASBQ, HRQoL, MDASI-HN
69  2020 Long-Term Safety and Effectiveness of Linagliptin in Japanese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A 3-Year Post-Marketing Surveillance Study. ADRs, FPG
70  2020 Longitudinal Changes in Spirometry in South African Adolescents Perinatally Infected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Who Are Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy. CTAAC, FEV1, FVC, HAART, HIV, LRTI, PTB
71  2020 Low-Value Care and Clinician Engagement in a Large Medicare Shared Savings Program ACO: a Survey of Frontline Clinicians. ACOs, CI, MSSP
72  2020 Mechanical dispersion in Fabry disease assessed with speckle tracking echocardiography. FD, LV, LVH, MD
73  2020 Megavoltage Radiosensitization of Gold Nanoparticles on a Glioblastoma Cancer Cell Line Using a Clinical Platform. GBM, GNPs, kV, MV, SER2Gy
74  2020 Micronucleus and Its Significance in Effusion Fluids. MN
75  2020 Morning myopic shift and glare in advanced Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy. CDVA, FECD, FECD, TCRP
76  2020 Multiple psychological factors predict pain and disability among community-dwelling knee osteoarthritis patients: a five-year prospective study. WOMAC
77  2020 Novel biomarker of sphericity and cylindricity indices in volume-rendering optical coherence tomography angiography in normal and diabetic eyes: a preliminary study. OCTA, SE
78  2020 Oocyte Retrieval during Laparoscopic Vaginoplasty to Reduce Invasiveness in the Treatment of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome. MRKH
79  2020 Oral microbial community composition is associated with pancreatic cancer: A case-control study in Iran. ---
80  2020 Orbital Bone Decompression for Non-Thyroid Eye Disease Proptosis. ---
81  2020 Patient Activation Related to Fall Prevention: A Multisite Study. BWH, MMC, NYP, TIPS
82  2020 Patient Preferences and Health State Utilities Associated with Mealtime Insulin Concentrations Among Patients with Diabetes in Italy. T2D
83  2020 Patient-reported outcomes and inflammatory biomarkers in patients with locally advanced/metastatic urothelial carcinoma treated with durvalumab in phase 1/2 dose-escalation study 1108. BLCS, EORTC, FACT-Bl, HRQoL, mUC, NLR, PROs, QLQ-C30, TOI
84  2020 Patterns of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor prophylaxis in patients with cancer receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy. CI, FN, G-CSF, HR, IR, NHL, OBI, PFS, PP, RF
85  2020 Pharmacophore Model and Atom-Based 3D Quantitative Structure activity Relationship (QSAR) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) Capsid Assembly Inhibitors. HIV, HIV-1, PLS, QSAR
86  2020 Postural control processes during standing and step initiation in autism spectrum disorder. ADI-R, AP, APAs, ASD, COP, MI, ML, TD
87  2020 Prevalence of Cognitive Impairment Among Elderly Patients Upon Hospital Admission Using Mini-Cog™ Assessments Performed by Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience Students. APPE, CI
88  2020 Prevalence of Rathke cleft cysts in children on magnetic resonance imaging. RCC
89  2020 Quantification of intramyocardial hemorrhage volume using magnetic resonance imaging with three-dimensional T1-weighted sequence in patients with ischemia-reperfusion injury: a semi-automated image processing technique. CK, CK-MB, IMH, ROC, T1-MRI
90  2020 Quantifying the relative impact of contact heterogeneity on MRSA transmission in ICUs - a modelling study. CE, CSs, HTSs, ICU, MRSA
91  2020 Quantifying vocal fold wound-healing biomechanical property changes. VF
92  2020 Real-world effectiveness and safety of ranibizumab for the treatment of myopic choroidal neovascularization: Results from the LUMINOUS study. mCNV, VA
93  2020 Real-world outcomes following 12months of intravitreal aflibercept monotherapy in patients with diabetic macular edema in France: results from the APOLLON study. anti-VEGF, BCVA, CRT, DME, ETDRS, IVT-AFL
94  2020 Regular versus episodic drinking in Swedish women: reporting of regular drinking may be less biased by social desirability. CI, OR
95  2020 Relationship between blood pressure variability and cognitive function in geriatric hypertensive patients with well-controlled blood pressure. BP, SBP, sMMT
96  2020 Renal Function Loss After Cryoablation of Small Renal Masses in Solitary Kidneys: European Registry for Renal Cryoablation Multi-Institutional Study. ASA, BMI, CKD, eGFR, EuRECA, IQR, LARC, SRMs
97  2020 Retrospective analysis of comorbidities and treatment burden among patients with HIV infection in a US Medicaid population. ARV
98  2020 Return home after dysvascular major amputation of the lower limb: A multicentre observational study in the Netherlands. OR
99  2020 Risk Factors for Nontyphi Salmonella Bacteremia Over 10 Years in Fort-de-France, Martinique, West Indies. OR
100  2020 Serum insulin levels are associated with vulnerable plaque components in the carotid artery: the Rotterdam Study. CI, OR