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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : SNr / substantia nigra pars reticulata

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Total Number of Papers: 674
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Abbreviation:   SNr  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   substantia nigra pars reticulata
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
 Pair(Abbreviation/Long Form) Variation
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 A common hub for sleep and motor control in the substantia nigra. GABA
2020 A disinhibitory nigra-parafascicular pathway amplifies seizure in temporal lobe epilepsy. Pf, PV, TLE
2020 Indirect pathway control of firing rate and pattern in the substantia nigra pars reticulata. GPe
2020 Muscimol injection into the substantia nigra but not globus pallidus affects prepulse inhibition and startle reflex. ASR, BG, EPN, GP, PPI
2020 Sensitive and Selective Measurement of Serotonin in Vivo Using Fast Cyclic Square-Wave Voltammetry. 5-HIAA, FCSWV, N-FCSWV, N-FSCV
2019 Acute L-DOPA administration reverses changes in firing pattern and low frequency oscillatory activity in the entopeduncular nucleus from long term L-DOPA treated 6-OHDA-lesioned rats. EPN, LID, PD, STN
2019 Anticipatory postural adjustments are modulated by substantia nigra stimulation in people with Parkinson's disease and freezing of gait. APAs, FOG, PD, STN
2019 Beta Frequency Oscillations in the Subthalamic Nucleus Are Not Sufficient for the Development of Symptoms of Parkinsonian Bradykinesia/Akinesia in Rats. BFOs, PD, STN
2019 Blockade of Intranigral and Systemic D3 Receptors Stimulates Motor Activity in the Rat Promoting a Reciprocal Interaction among Glutamate, Dopamine, and GABA. D3Rs
10  2019 Cannabinoids differentially modulate cortical information transmission through the sensorimotor or medial prefrontal basal ganglia circuits. BG, MPF, SM
11  2019 Direct and indirect pathways for choosing objects and actions. Cd, CDh, CDt, SC
12  2019 Eltoprazine prevents levodopa-induced dyskinesias by reducing causal interactions for theta oscillations in the dorsolateral striatum and substantia nigra pars reticulate. AIMs, BG, dStr, LFP, LID, PD
13  2019 Iron deposition in Parkinson's disease by quantitative susceptibility mapping. EPD, GP, GPi, HVs, LPD, PD, QSM, RN, SN, SNc
14  2019 Optostimulation of striatonigral terminals in substantia nigra induces dyskinesia that increases after L-DOPA in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease. dMSN, LID, OID
15  2019 Population dynamics and entrainment of basal ganglia pacemakers are shaped by their dendritic arbors. BG, PRC
16  2019 Proliferation of Inhibitory Input to the Substantia Nigra in Experimental Parkinsonism. BG, GP, SNc
17  2019 Selective deep brain stimulation in the substantia nigra reduces myoclonus in progressive myoclonic epilepsy: a novel observation and short review of the literature. DBS, PME, STN
18  2019 Severity of Dyskinesia and D3R Signaling Changes Induced by L-DOPA Treatment of Hemiparkinsonian Rats Are Features Inherent to the Treated Subjects. AIMs, D1R, D3-R, L-dopa, LID, MFB, PD
19  2019 Simultaneous low-frequency deep brain stimulation of the substantia nigra pars reticulata and high-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus to treat levodopa unresponsive freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease: A pilot study. COMB, DBS, HF, LF, PD, STN
20  2019 State transitions in the substantia nigra reticulata predict the onset of motor deficits in models of progressive dopamine depletion in mice. PD
21  2019 Synergistic Nigral Output Pathways Shape Movement. CMps, PV, SNcps, VGAT
22  2019 The effects of zonisamide on L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease model mice. LID, PD
23  2019 The role of the substantia nigra pars reticulata anterior in amygdala-kindled seizures. BLA, LFPs, SNra, TLE
24  2019 Unilateral Optogenetic Inhibition and Excitation of Basal Ganglia Output Affect Directional Lick Choices and Movement Initiation in Mice. BG, MT, SC
25  2018 5-HT2C receptor blockade reverses SSRI-associated basal ganglia dysfunction and potentiates therapeutic efficacy. DAergic
26  2018 A Review of the Pedunculopontine Nucleus in Parkinson's Disease. BG, DBS, MLR, PD, PPN, PPNc
27  2018 Acute dopamine receptor blockade in substantia nigra pars reticulata: a possible model for drug-induced Parkinsonism. DA, DIP, PD, PS
28  2018 Acute sensitivity of astrocytes in the Substantia Nigra to oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) compared with hippocampal astrocytes in brain slices. OGD, SNc
29  2018 Anatomical Correlates of Uncontrollable Laughter With Unilateral Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation in Parkinson's Disease. STN-DBS
30  2018 Anticonvulsant effects after grafting of rat, porcine, and human mesencephalic neural progenitor cells into the rat subthalamic nucleus. MGE, NPCs, PTZ, STN, VM
31  2018 Lead-Induced Atypical Parkinsonism in Rats: Behavioral, Electrophysiological, and Neurochemical Evidence for a Role of Noradrenaline Depletion. GP, STN
32  2018 Long-term plasticity of glutamatergic input from the subthalamic nucleus to the entopeduncular nucleus. EP, LTD, STN
33  2018 Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement. dMSNs
34  2018 Opposing collicular influences on the parafascicular (Pf) and posteromedial (POm) thalamic nuclei: relationship to POm-induced inhibition in the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNR). DLS, Pf, POm, ZI
35  2018 Phosphodiesterase 4 inhibition affects both the direct and indirect pathway: an electrophysiological study examining the tri-phasic response in the substantia nigra pars reticulata. cAMP, PDE4, PKA
36  2018 Predicting responses to inhibitory synaptic input in substantia nigra pars reticulata neurons. PRC, PSTH
37  2018 Presynaptic cannabinoid CB2 receptors modulate [3 H]-Glutamate release at subthalamo-nigral terminals of the rat. ---
38  2018 Stimulation of the Nigrotectal Pathway at the Level of the Superior Colliculus Reduces Threat Recognition and Causes a Shift From Avoidance to Approach Behavior. BMT, ChR2, OFT, SC
39  2018 Striatal Direct and Indirect Pathway Output Structures Are Differentially Altered in Mouse Models of Huntington's Disease. HD, MSNs
40  2018 Targeted upregulation of uncoupling protein 2 within the basal ganglia output structure ameliorates dyskinesia after severe liver failure. HE, KCC2, TAA, UCP2
41  2017 Association of freezing of gait with nigral iron accumulation in patients with Parkinson's disease. FOG, HC, PD, SN, SNc
42  2017 Cholinergic Projections to the Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Inhibit Dopamine Modulation of Basal Ganglia through the M4 Muscarinic Receptor. BG, ChIs
43  2017 Control of absence epilepsy seizures in specific relay nuclei of thalamus. BGCT, SRN, TRN
44  2017 Differential spread of anoxic depolarization contributes to the pattern of neuronal injury after oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) in the Substantia Nigra in rat brain slices. AD, OGD, SNc
45  2017 Dopamine D1 Receptor Immunoreactivity on Fine Processes of GFAP-Positive Astrocytes in the Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata of Adult Mouse. D1R, GFAP
46  2017 Dopamine D4 receptor stimulation prevents nigrostriatal dopamine pathway activation by morphine: relevance for drug addiction. CPu, MOR, SNc
47  2017 Effects of Subthalamic and Nigral Stimulation on Gait Kinematics in Parkinson's Disease. FOG, PD, STN
48  2017 Frequency-dependent, transient effects of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation on methamphetamine-induced circling and neuronal activity in the hemiparkinsonian rat. DBS, GPe, STN
49  2017 Functional circuit mapping of striatal output nuclei using simultaneous deep brain stimulation and fMRI. CBV, DBS-fMRI
50  2017 Granger causality supports abnormal functional connectivity of beta oscillations in the dorsolateral striatum and substantia nigra pars reticulata in hemiparkinsonian rats. BG, DA, dStr, L-dopa, LFPs, PD
51  2017 Measurement of phase resetting curves using optogenetic barrage stimuli. ChR2, PRC
52  2017 Regionally progressive accumulation of iron in Parkinson's disease as measured by quantitative susceptibility mapping. EPD, GP, GPi, LPD, PD, QSM, RN, SNc
53  2017 Selective neuronal expression of the SoxE factor, Sox8, in direct pathway striatal projection neurons of the developing mouse brain. dSPNs, OPCs
54  2017 Striatal But Not Extrastriatal Dopamine Receptors Are Critical to Dopaminergic Motor Stimulation. D1Rs, D2Rs, DA, DS, GPe, MC, PD, Pitx3Null
55  2017 To Wait or Not to Wait-Separate Mechanisms in the Oculomotor Circuit of Basal Ganglia. BG, contraSC, ipsiSC, SC
56  2016 A GABAergic nigrotectal pathway for coordination of drinking behavior. ---
57  2016 A GABAergic tecto-tegmento-tectal pathway in pigeons. GABA
58  2016 Basal Ganglia Output Controls Active Avoidance Behavior. ---
59  2016 Chronic L-DOPA administration increases the firing rate but does not reverse enhanced slow frequency oscillatory activity and synchronization in substantia nigra pars reticulata neurons from 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats. LID, PD, STN
60  2016 Cortico-basal ganglia circuits involved in different motivation disorders in non-human primates. BG, DA, SNc, VS
61  2016 Evaluation of GAD67 immunoreactivity in the region of substantia nigra pars reticulata in resistance to development of convulsive seizure in genetic absence epilepsy rats. GAD, GAERS
62  2016 Ketogenic diet prevents neuronal firing increase within the substantia nigra during pentylenetetrazole-induced seizure in rats. ---
63  2016 Marked Involvement of the Striatal Efferent System in TAR DNA-Binding Protein 43 kDa-Related Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. GP, TDP-43
64  2016 Mesencephalic origin of the rostral Substantia nigra pars reticulata. ---
65  2016 Metabolic, synaptic and behavioral impact of 5-week chronic deep brain stimulation in hemiparkinsonian rats. HFS, STN
66  2016 Movement deficits and neuronal loss in basal ganglia in TRPC1 deficient mice. CPu, TH, TRPC, WT
67  2016 The cytoarchitectonic and TH-immunohistochemical characterization of the dopamine cell groups in the substantia nigra, ventral tegmental area and retrorubral field in a bat (Artibeus planirostris). DA
68  2016 The leak channel NALCN controls tonic firing and glycolytic sensitivity of substantia nigra pars reticulata neurons. ---
69  2016 Unitary synaptic connections among substantia nigra pars reticulata neurons. ISIs, sIPSCs, uIPSCs
70  2015 Basal ganglia outputs map instantaneous position coordinates during behavior. BG
71  2015 Combining Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Susceptibility Weighted Imaging on the Substantia Nigra of 1-Methyl-4-Phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-Tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced Rhesus Monkey Model of Parkinson's Disease. DTI, FA, MPTP, PD, SNc, SWI
72  2015 Control of absence seizures induced by the pathways connected to SRN in corticothalamic system. SRN, TRN
73  2015 Disruption of dopaminergic transmission remodels tripartite synapse morphology and astrocytic calcium activity within substantia nigra pars reticulata. ---
74  2015 Dopaminergic control of the globus pallidus through activation of D2 receptors and its impact on the electrical activity of subthalamic nucleus and substantia nigra reticulata neurons. D2Rs, GP, STN
75  2015 Effects of deep brain stimulation on balance and gait in patients with Parkinson's disease: A systematic neurophysiological review. DBS, GPi, STN
76  2015 Excitatory drive from the Subthalamic nucleus attenuates GABAergic transmission in the Substantia Nigra pars compacta via endocannabinoids. eCBs, SNc, STN
77  2015 Functional territories in primate substantia nigra pars reticulata separately signaling stable and flexible values. Cd, cdlSNr, rvmSNr, SC
78  2015 Inhibitory synaptic transmission from the substantia nigra pars reticulata to the ventral medial thalamus in mice. VM
79  2015 Loss of Striatonigral GABAergic Presynaptic Inhibition Enables Motor Sensitization in Parkinsonian Mice. DA, MSNs, PD
80  2015 Loss of the preferential control over the striato-nigral direct pathway by striatal NMDA receptors in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. GP, NMDA
81  2015 Progressive brain metabolic changes under deep brain stimulation of subthalamic nucleus in parkinsonian rats. DBS, STN
82  2015 Robust presynaptic serotonin 5-HT(1B) receptor inhibition of the striatonigral output and its sensitization by chronic fluoxetine treatment. SSRI
83  2015 The role of the substantia nigra pars reticulata in kindling resistance in rats with genetic absence epilepsy. GABA, GAERS, ir, NEC, PRV, TH
84  2014 Anticonvulsant effects by bilateral and unilateral transplantation of GABA-producing cells into the subthalamic nucleus in an acute seizure model. STN
85  2014 Bidirectional control of absence seizures by the basal ganglia: a computational evidence. SRN, TRN
86  2014 Cell cycle regulation of DNA polymerase beta in rotenone-based Parkinson's disease models. DDC, PD, poly beta, SN, SNc, ST
87  2014 Electrical stimulation of the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) suppresses chemically induced neocortical seizures in rats. ---
88  2014 Lack of depotentiation at basal ganglia output neurons in PD patients with levodopa-induced dyskinesia. DBS, fEPs, GPi, HFS, L-dopa, LFS, PD, STN
89  2014 Metabolism regulates the spontaneous firing of substantia nigra pars reticulata neurons via KATP and nonselective cation channels. ---
90  2014 Motor afferents from the cerebellum, zona incerta and substantia nigra to the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus in the rat. FG, MD, SNc, ZI
91  2014 Neuronal activity (c-Fos) delineating interactions of the cerebral cortex and basal ganglia. BG, GPe, GPi, NMDA, STN
92  2014 Noradrenergic terminals regulate L-DOPA-derived dopamine extracellular levels in a region-dependent manner in Parkinsonian rats. DA, HIPP, NE, NET, PFC
93  2014 Sex dimorphism in seizure-controlling networks. ---
94  2014 The effect of low frequency stimulation of the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus on basal ganglia in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. GPi, PPN, PPTg, STN
95  2013 Abnormal chloride homeostasis in the substancia nigra pars reticulata contributes to locomotor deficiency in a model of acute liver injury. HE
96  2013 Basal ganglia serotonin 1B receptors in parkinsonian monkeys with L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia. GP, LID, PD
97  2013 Canceling actions involves a race between basal ganglia pathways. STN
98  2013 Contribution of the mGluR7 receptor to antiparkinsonian-like effects in rats: a behavioral study with the selective agonist AMN082. mGluRs, PD
99  2013 Control of basal ganglia output by direct and indirect pathway projection neurons. ---
100  2013 D3 dopamine receptors interact with dopamine D1 but not D4 receptors in the GABAergic terminals of the SNr of the rat. ---