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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : SPF / sun protection factor

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Total Number of Papers: 386
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Abbreviation:   SPF  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   sun protection factor
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
 Pair(Abbreviation/Long Form) Variation
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2018 Assessment of the general quality of sunscreen products available in Palestine and method verification of the sun protection factor using Food and Drug Administration guidelines. MOH
2018 Commentary: Sunscreen sun protection factor (SPF): Is higher better? ---
2018 Comparative behavior between sunscreens based on free or encapsulated UV filters in term of skin penetration, retention and photo-stability. AUC
2018 Development and Evaluation of Lipid Nanoparticles Containing Natural Botanical Oil for Sun Protection: Characterization and in vitro and in vivo Human Skin Permeation and Toxicity. OMC, SLNs
2018 Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Polypodium Leucotomos Extract in the Treatment of Melasma in Asian Skin: A Pilot Study. MELASQOL, mMASI, PLE
2018 Ferulic acid photoprotective properties in association with UV filters: multifunctional sunscreen with improved SPF and UVA-PF. FA, UV, UVA-PF
2018 Formulation and evaluation of carrot seed oil-based cosmetic emulsions. ASC, HLB, PDI
2018 Hybrid Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy: Non-Erythemal in vivo Testing of Sun Protection Factor. DRS, HDRS, MED
2018 ICP-MS based methods to characterize nanoparticles of TiO2 and ZnO in sunscreens with focus on regulatory and safety issues. MALS, NPs, SP ICP-MS, ZnO
10  2018 In Vitro Assessment of Total Phenolic and Flavonoid Contents, Antioxidant and Photoprotective Activities of Crude Methanolic Extract of Aerial Parts of Capnophyllum peregrinum (L.) Lange (Apiaceae) Growing in Algeria. DPPH
11  2018 In vitro water resistance testing using SPF simulation based on spectroscopic analysis of rinsed sunscreens. EMA, PMMA, WRR
12  2018 In-vitro evaluation of antioxidant, anti-elastase, anti-collagenase, anti-hyaluronidase activities of safranal and determination of its sun protection factor in skin photoaging. DPPH, MMPs, ROS
13  2018 Marine fungal DHICA as a UVB protectant: Assessment under in vitro and in vivo conditions. LPO
14  2018 Moringa oleifera Leaf Extracts as Multifunctional Ingredients for "Natural and Organic" Sunscreens and Photoprotective Preparations. ---
15  2018 On the Validity of Beer-Lambert Law and its Significance for Sunscreens. ---
16  2018 One pot environmental friendly synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Punica Granatum Juice: A novel antioxidant agent for future dermatological and cosmetic applications. cyt c, DPPH, HMVEC, PGJ
17  2018 Photoprotective potential of metabolites isolated from algae-associated fungi Annulohypoxylon stygium. ---
18  2018 Primary and secondary prevention of skin cancer in mountain guides: attitude and motivation for or against participation. NMSC, UVR
19  2018 Protective effect of Juglans regia L. against ultraviolet B radiation induced inflammatory responses in human epidermal keratinocytes. HaCaT, MEJR
20  2018 Reliable and simple spectrophotometric determination of sun protection factor: A case study using organic UV filter-based sunscreen products. ---
21  2018 SPF 100+ sunscreen is more protective against sunburn than SPF 50+ in actual use: Results of a randomized, double-blind, split-face, natural sunlight exposure clinical trial. ---
22  2018 Sunscreen use at Danish beaches and how to improve coverage. UVR
23  2018 Validation of an invitro sun protection factor (SPF) method in blinded ring-testing. CE, ISO
24  2017 A Multitarget Approach toward the Development of 8-Substituted Purines for Photoprotection and Prevention of UV-Related Damage. DPPH, FRAP, UV
25  2017 Chemical Analysis and Evaluation of Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, and Photoprotective Activities of Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. (Anacardiaceae). DPPH, HPLC, MBC, MIC
26  2017 Crude ethanolic extract from spent coffee grounds: Volatile and functional properties. AA, PCA, SCG, U.M, VP
27  2017 Determination of the Influence of the Antiphlogistic Ingredients Panthenol and Bisabolol on the SPF Value in vivo. UV
28  2017 Development and photoprotective effect of a sunscreen containing the antioxidants Spirulina and dimethylmethoxy chromanol on sun-induced skin damage. ---
29  2017 Development of a Synthetic Substrate for the in vitro Performance Testing of Sunscreens. PMMA, UV
30  2017 Effect of preparation and processing conditions on UV absorbing properties of hydroxyapatite-Fe2O3 sunscreen. ---
31  2017 Evaluation of a novel very high sun-protection-factor moisturizer in adults with rosacea-prone sensitive skin. ---
32  2017 Long-term Trend in Sunscreen Use among Beachgoers in Denmark. ---
33  2017 Photochemoprotective effects against UVA and UVB irradiation and photosafety assessment of Litchi chinensis leaves extract. RBC
34  2017 Potential effect of compounds isolated from Coffea arabica against UV-B induced skin damage by protecting fibroblast cells. CCRF, CGA, ECM, MMPs, NMR, PC, ROS, TCQ, UV
35  2017 Protection against UV-induced toxicity and lack of mutagenicity of Antarctic Sanionia uncinata. DPPH, HE, HPLC, ME, UV
36  2017 Studies on secondary metabolite profiling, anti-inflammatory potential, in vitro photoprotective and skin-aging related enzyme inhibitory activities of Malaxis acuminata, a threatened orchid of nutraceutical importance. GC-MS
37  2017 Sun protection by umbrellas and walls. ---
38  2017 Ultraviolet radiation accelerates NRas-mutant melanomagenesis: A cooperative effect blocked by sunscreen. UV
39  2017 Ultraviolet Radiations: Skin Defense-Damage Mechanism. MC1R
40  2016 7-Hydroxycoumarin prevents UVB-induced activation of NF-kappaB and subsequent overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases and inflammatory markers in human dermal fibroblast cells. COX-2, HDFa, NF-kappaB, ROS, UVB
41  2016 A new in vitro method to determine sun protection factor. BB, UV
42  2016 Calculation of the sun protection factor of sunscreens with different vehicles using measured film thickness distribution - Comparison with the SPF in vitro. ---
43  2016 Comedones Induced by Vascular Laser Therapy. Nd-YAG
44  2016 Cutaneous biocompatible rutin-loaded gelatin-based nanoparticles increase the SPF of the association of UVA and UVB filters. B-NC, EHDP, EHMC, FR, GNPs, GTA, R-NC
45  2016 Daily Use of a Facial Broad Spectrum Sunscreen Over One-Year Significantly Improves Clinical Evaluation of Photoaging. ---
46  2016 Design of novel starch-based Pickering emulsions as platforms for skin photoprotection. ---
47  2016 Effect of the product type, of the amount of applied sunscreen product and the level of protection in the UVB range on the level of protection achieved in the UVA range. ---
48  2016 Evaluation of Ubtan - A traditional indian skin care formulation. HPTLC
49  2016 Evaporation of Particle-Stabilized Emulsion Sunscreen Films. PG, SQ
50  2016 Evaporation of Sunscreen Films: How the UV Protection Properties Change. PG
51  2016 Knowledge about Ultraviolet Radiation Hazards and Tanning Behavior of Cosmetology and Medical Students. SD, UV
52  2016 Knowledge of outdoor workers on the effects of natural UV radiation and methods of protection against exposure. UV, UVI
53  2016 Layer Thickness of SPF 30 Sunscreen and Formation of Pre-vitamin D. ---
54  2016 New approach for a reliable in vitro sun protection factor method - Part II: Practical aspects and implementations. Part II, UV
55  2016 Online Survey of US Dermatologists' Sunscreen Opinions: Perceptions, Recommendation Factors, and Self-Usage. ---
56  2016 Percutaneous absorption of benzophenone-3 loaded lipid nanoparticles and polymeric nanocapsules: A comparative study. BP-3, NC, NLC, NPLC, SLN, UV
57  2016 Photoprotective potential in some medicinal plants used to treat skin diseases in Sri Lanka. UV
58  2016 Repartition of oil miscible and water soluble UV filters in an applied sunscreen film determined by confocal Raman microspectroscopy. CAS
59  2016 Scutellaria radix Extract as a Natural UV Protectant for Human Skin. UV
60  2016 SPF and UVA-PF sunscreen evaluation: are there good correlations among results obtained in vivo, in vitro and in a theoretical Sunscreen Simulator? A real-life exercise. UVA-PF
61  2016 Standardisation of minimal erythematous dose reading and assessment: a new system. MED
62  2016 Sunscreen Product Performance and Other Determinants of Consumer Preferences. AAD
63  2016 Sunscreen sun protection factor claim based on in vivo interlaboratory variability. ---
64  2016 Sunscreen Use and Subsequent Melanoma Risk: A Population-Based Cohort Study. ---
65  2016 Unsaponifiable matter from oil of green coffee beans: cosmetic properties and safety evaluation. GCO, UM
66  2016 Use of Agave tequilana-lignin and zinc oxide nanoparticles for skin photoprotection. UV, ZnO
67  2016 Wound scabs protect regenerating tissue against harmful ultraviolet radiation. UVR
68  2016 [Comparison of different nail polish in terms of photoprotective efficacy. Interest of their use as supportive care in patients with cancer]. ---
69  2015 An Advertisement and Article Analysis of Skin Products and Topics in Popular Women's Magazines: Implications for Skin Cancer Prevention. ---
70  2015 Cancers in Australia attributable to exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation and prevented by regular sunscreen use. PAF, PF, UVR
71  2015 Electromagnetic sunscreen model: design of experiments on particle specifications. ---
72  2015 Evaluating the Photoprotective Effects of Ochre on Human Skin by In Vivo SPF Assessment: Implications for Human Evolution, Adaptation and Dispersal. EDXRF, MSA, UVR, XRD
73  2015 In vitro evaluation of Sun Protection Factor and stability of commercial sunscreens using mass spectrometry. UV
74  2015 Melanoma risk-takers: fathers and sons. ---
75  2015 Nanosystems in Photoprotection. UV
76  2015 New approach for a reliable in vitro sun protection factor method Part I: Principle and mathematical aspects. Part I, UV
77  2015 New Strategies in the Prevention of Actinic Keratosis: A Critical Review. AK, NMSC
78  2015 Photoprotective and toxicological activities of extracts from the Antarctic moss Sanionia uncinata. AE, HE, UV
79  2015 Porcine ear skin as a biological substrate for in vitro testing of sunscreen performance. PMMA
80  2015 Prevalence and trends of sunscreen use and sunburn among Norwegian women. CIs, PRs
81  2015 Rutin nanostructured lipid cosmeceutical preparation with sun protective potential. NLC-P, NLCs, PS, RT
82  2015 Safranal-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles: evaluation of sunscreen and moisturizing potential for topical applications. HPH, SLN
83  2015 Suntanning with sunscreens: a comparison with sunbed tanning. UV
84  2015 The use of botanical products and vitamins in sunscreens. ---
85  2015 Tolerability of a Skin Care Regimen Formulated for Acne-Prone Skin in Children. ---
86  2014 A broad spectrum high-SPF photostable sunscreen with a high UVA-PF can protect against cellular damage at high UV exposure doses. MED, MMP, UVA-PF
87  2014 Application of sunscreen--theory and reality. ---
88  2014 Assessing the current market of sunscreen: a cross-sectional study of sunscreen availability in three metropolitan counties in the United States. PPO
89  2014 Effects of the novel poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-encapsulated organic ultraviolet (UV) filters on the UV absorbance and in vitro sun protection factor (SPF). PMMA, UV
90  2014 Film thickness frequency distribution of different vehicles determines sunscreen efficacy. UV
91  2014 Highly sensitive biological assay for determining the photoprotective efficacy of sunscreen. XP
92  2014 In vitro assessment of commercial sunscreens available in Latin America. OTC, SUI, UV
93  2014 Inclusion complexes of beta-cyclodextrin-dinitrocompounds as UV absorber for ballpoint pen ink. 2,4-DNA, 2,4-DNP, 2,6-DNA, 2,6-DNB, beta-CD
94  2014 Influence of lipid microparticle encapsulation on in vitro efficacy, photostability and water resistance of the sunscreen agents, octyl methoxycinnamate and butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane. BMDBM, LMs, OMC
95  2014 Light protection of the skin after photodynamic therapy reduces inflammation: an unblinded randomized controlled study. PDT, Pp
96  2014 Mesoporous silica aerogel as a drug carrier for the enhancement of the sunscreen ability of benzophenone-3. BP-3, MS
97  2014 Method for screening sunscreen cream formulations by determination of in vitro SPF and PA values using UV transmission spectroscopy and texture profile analysis. PA, PVR
98  2014 Need of UV protection and evaluation of efficacy of sunscreens. PPD, UV
99  2014 New noninvasive approach assessing in vivo sun protection factor (SPF) using diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and in vitro transmission. DRS, PVC
100  2014 Photodegradation of avobenzone: stabilization effect of antioxidants. ---