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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : TU / toxic unit

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Total Number of Papers: 101
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Abbreviation:   TU  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   toxic unit
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No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2019 An insight into fractionation, toxicity, mobility and source apportionment of metals in sediments from El Temsah Lake, Suez Canal. ICF, RAC
2019 Combined Toxicity of Nitro-Substituted Benzenes and Zinc to Photobacterium Phosphoreum: Evaluation and QSAR Analysis. AI, QSAR, Zn
2019 Extended suspect screening strategy to identify characteristic toxicants in the discharge of a chemical industrial park based on toxicity to Daphnia magna. SPE, WWTP
2019 Identification of contaminants of concern in the upper Tagus river basin (central Spain). Part 2: Spatio-temporal analysis and ecological risk assessment. EQS, POCIS, WFD
2019 Identifying sediment-associated toxicity in rivers affected by multiple pollutants from the contaminant bioavailability. Cr, PAHs
2019 Interactive effects of arsenic and antimony on Ipomoea aquatica growth and bioaccumulation in co-contaminated soil. SEP
2019 Investigating combined toxicity of binary mixtures in bees: Meta-analysis of laboratory tests, modelling, mechanistic basis and implications for risk assessment. CA, MDR, SBI
2019 Occurence and Prioritization of Pharmaceutical Active Compounds in Domestic/Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants. PhACs
2018 An ecological risk investigation of marine sediment from the northern Mediterranean coasts (Aegean Sea) using multiple methods of pollution determination. EF, ERL, ERM, FAAS, GFAAS, m-ERM-q, mCd, PEL, PLI, TEL
10  2018 Application of a Fixed Monitoring Benchmark Approach to Evaluate Attainment of Time-Variable Water Quality Criteria: Copper Biotic Ligand Model as a Case Study. BLM, FMB, IWQC, WQC, WQS
11  2018 Assessment of river sediment toxicity: Combining empirical zebrafish embryotoxicity testing with in silico toxicity characterization. OCs, PBT, ZET
12  2018 Biotoxicity assessment and toxicity mechanism on coal gasification wastewater (CGW): A comparative analysis of effluent from different treatment processes. CAS, CGW, ICME, MEBR, T. thermophila
13  2018 Effects of three veterinary antibiotics and their binary mixtures on two green alga species. CA, CTC, ENF, IA, OTC
14  2018 Lethal and sublethal responses in the fish, Odontesthes bonariensis, exposed to chlorpyrifos alone or under mixtures with endosulfan and lambda-cyhalothrin. AChE, CA, CPF, EN, IA, LC
15  2018 Occurrence and assessment of the risk of ultraviolet filters and light stabilizers in Victorian estuaries. RQ, UV-F
16  2018 Opposite effects of mixtures of commercial formulations of glyphosate with auxinic herbicides on the ten spotted live-bearer fish Cnesterodon decemmaculatus (Pisces, Poeciliidae). DIC, GLY
17  2018 Synergism of mixtures of dicamba and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicide formulations on the neotropical fish Cnesterodon decemmaculatus (Pisces, Poeciliidae). DIC
18  2018 Synergistic effect of co-exposure to cadmium (II) and 4-n-nonylphenol on growth inhibition and oxidative stress of Chlorella sorokiniana. 4-n-NP
19  2017 Acute toxicity reduction and toxicity identification in pigment-contaminated wastewater during anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (A/A/O) treatment process. D. magna, D. rerio, P. phosphoreum, WWTPs
20  2017 Binary combinations of organophosphorus and synthetic pyrethroids are more potent acetylcholinesterase inhibitors than organophosphorus and carbamate mixtures: An in vitro assessment. AChE, CA, CB, CBF, CPF, CRB, CYP, DLT, MCP, MLT, OP, PRF, SP, TRZ
21  2017 Effect of low-purity Fenton reagents on toxicity of textile dyeing effluent to Daphnia magna. TIE
22  2017 Modeling acute toxicity of metal mixtures to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) using the biotic ligand model-based toxic units method. BLM, Co
23  2017 The physiological characteristics of zebra fish (Danio rerio) based on metabolism and behavior: A new method for the online assessment of cadmium stress. BS, OC
24  2017 Using Chironomus dilutus to identify toxicants and evaluate the ecotoxicity of sediments in the Haihe River Basin. HRB
25  2016 Acute toxicity and chemical evaluation of coking wastewater under biological and advanced physicochemical treatment processes. GC-MS
26  2016 Bioassay-directed identification of toxicants in sediments of Liaohe River, northeast China. C.tentans
27  2016 Development of a mediated whole cell-based electrochemical biosensor for joint toxicity assessment of multi-pollutants using a mixed microbial consortium. DCP
28  2016 Ecotoxicological risk assessment of chemical pollution in four Iberian river basins and its relationship with the aquatic macroinvertebrate community status. CA, SPEAR, SPEARorganic
29  2016 Evaluation of anionic surfactant concentrations in US effluents and probabilistic determination of their combined ecological risk in mixing zones. AES, AS, LAS, MES, PNEC, WWTPs
30  2016 Individual and binary toxicity of anatase and rutile nanoparticles towards Ceriodaphnia dubia. ---
31  2016 Joint toxic action of binary metal mixtures of copper, manganese and nickel to Paronychiurus kimi (Collembola). Mn, Ni
32  2016 Single and mixture toxicity of pharmaceuticals and chlorophenols to freshwater algae Chlorella vulgaris. 3-CP, CA, CI, IA
33  2015 Occurrence and toxicity of sediment-associated contaminants in Guangzhou College City and its adjacent areas: the relationship to urbanization. ---
34  2015 PAHs in sediment cores at main river estuaries of Chaohu Lake: implication for the change of local anthropogenic activities. ENF, ETY, HMW, PAHs, TOC
35  2015 Role of entrained droplet oil on the bioavailability of petroleum substances in aqueous exposures. ---
36  2015 The interactive toxicity of cadmium, copper, and zinc to Ceriodaphnia dubia and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). ---
37  2015 The use of growth and behavioral endpoints to assess the effects of pesticide mixtures upon aquatic organisms. ---
38  2014 Combined effects of two antibiotic contaminants on Microcystis aeruginosa. CA, IA
39  2014 Joint toxicity of heavy metals and chlorobenzenes to pyriformis Tetrahymena. AI
40  2014 Potential protective effect of L-cysteine against the toxicity of acrylamide and furan in exposed Xenopus laevis embryos: an interaction study. FETAX
41  2014 Seasonal dynamics of trace elements in tidal salt marsh soils as affected by the flow-sediment regulation regime. YRD
42  2014 Toxic effect of metal cation binary mixtures to the seaweed Gracilaria domingensis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). ---
43  2013 Addition of contaminant bioavailability and species susceptibility to a sediment toxicity assessment: application in an urban stream in China. matrix-SPME
44  2013 The stepwise behavioral responses: behavioral adjustment of the Chinese rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) in the exposure of carbamate pesticides. BS, CPs, SBR, SOM
45  2012 Analysis of monitoring programmes and their suitability for ecotoxicological risk assessment in four Spanish basins. ---
46  2012 Application of Biotic Ligand and Toxic Unit modeling approaches to predict improvements in zooplankton species richness in smelter-damaged lakes near Sudbury, Ontario. ---
47  2012 Assessing the impact of chemical pollution on benthic invertebrates from three different European rivers using a weight-of-evidence approach. ---
48  2012 Chlorination in a wastewater treatment plant: acute toxicity effects of the effluent and of the recipient water body. DBPs, THMs, WWTP
49  2012 Combined toxicity of three chlorophenols 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2,4,6-trichlorophenol and pentachlorophenol to Daphnia magna. 2,4,6-TCP, 2,4-DCP, CPs, PCP
50  2012 Evidence for the Stepwise Behavioral Response Model (SBRM): the effects of Carbamate Pesticides on medaka (Oryzias latipes) in an online monitoring system. BRs, BS, CPs, OMS, SBR, SBRM, SD-BS, SOM
51  2012 Individual and joint toxicity effects of Cu, Cr(III), and Cr(VI) on pakchoi: a comparison between solution and soil cultures. ---
52  2012 Influences of two antibiotic contaminants on the production, release and toxicity of microcystins. MCs
53  2012 Interactions of Pb and Cd mixtures in the presence or absence of natural organic matter with the fish gill. NOM
54  2012 Toxic effect of the combined antibiotics ciprofloxacin, lincomycin, and tylosin on two species of marine diatoms. ---
55  2011 Cellular oxidative damage of HEK293T cells induced by combination of CdCl(2) and nano-TiO (2). CAT, HEK293T, HO-1, MDA, ROS, SOD
56  2011 Chesapeake Bay watershed pesticide use declines but toxicity increases. ---
57  2011 Effects of pesticides monitored with three sampling methods in 24 sites on macroinvertebrates and microorganisms. log mTUDM, TRIMPS
58  2011 Extended biotic ligand model for prediction of mixture toxicity of Cd and Pb using single metal toxicity data. BLM, mix, RMSE
59  2011 Predicting pore water EPA-34 PAH concentrations and toxicity in pyrogenic-impacted sediments using pyrene content. EPA-16, EPA-34
60  2011 Toxicity assessment of sediments from three European river basins using a sediment contact test battery. msPAF
61  2010 Bioavailability assessment of a contaminated field sediment from Patrick Bayou, Texas, USA: toxicity identification evaluation and equilibrium partitioning. EqP, NOCs, TIE
62  2010 Effects of surface activity on aquatic toxicity of binary surfactant mixtures. tox
63  2010 Integration of biological responses from a suite of bioassays for the Venice Lagoon (Italy) through sediment toxicity index - part A: development and comparison of two methodological approaches. TEI, WATI
64  2010 Variation in toxicity response of Ceriodaphnia dubia to Athabasca oil sands coke leachates. ---
65  2009 Acute and chronic toxicity of organophosphate monocrotophos to Daphnia magna. ACR, BF, ChV, D. magna, LOEC, MCP, NOEC, SDBS
66  2009 Assessment of the environmental risk of long-chain aliphatic alcohols. HPV, ICCA, LCOH
67  2009 Behavioral responses of Daphnia magna to stresses of chemicals with different toxic characteristics. DAR
68  2009 Detoxification of simulated textile wastewater using a membraneless electrochemical reactor with immobilized peroxidase. D. Magna
69  2009 Joint toxicity of fluoranthene and pentachlorobenzene to Hyalella azteca and Chironomus dilutus. Flu, PCBz
70  2009 Occurrence and potential toxicity of pyrethroids and other insecticides in bed sediments of urban streams in central Texas. ---
71  2008 Acute toxicity assessment of textile dyes and textile and dye industrial effluents using Daphnia magna bioassay. ---
72  2008 Comparative and combined toxicities of toluene and methyl tert-butyl ether to an Asian earthworm Perionyx excavatus. MTBE
73  2008 Comparative whole effluent toxicity assessment of wastewater treatment plant effluents using Daphnia magna. WET, WWTPs
74  2008 Environmental assessment of ester-based lubricants after application. TOC, WSF
75  2008 Individual and joint toxic effects of pentachlorophenol and bisphenol A on the development of zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryo. BPA, ELS, PCP
76  2008 Screening level fish community risk assessment of chemical warfare agents in the Baltic Sea. CWAs
77  2008 Single and joint acute toxicity of isocarbophos enantiomers to Daphnia magna. ---
78  2008 Toxicity of copper and cadmium in combinations to Duckweed analyzed by the biotic ligand model. BLM, FIAM
79  2007 Decreased toxicity to terrestrial plants associated with a mixture of methyl tert-butyl ether and its metabolite tert-butyl alcohol. MTBE, TBA
80  2007 Toxicity assessment of heavy metal mixtures by Lemna minor L. GPX
81  2007 Wheat phytotoxicity from arsenic and cadmium separately and together in solution culture and in a calcareous soil. AI, Cd, NOEC
82  2007 Whole effluent toxicity (WET) tests on wastewater treatment plants with Daphnia magna and Selenastrum capricornutum. RBC, WET, WWTPs
83  2006 Aquatic risk assessment of alcohol ethoxylates in North America and Europe. AE, SSD
84  2006 Assessment of individual and combined toxicities of four non-essential metals (As, Cd, Hg and Pb) in the microtox assay. MCLs, NEMs
85  2006 Defining the toxic mode of action of ester sulphonates using the joint toxicity of mixtures. ES, LAS
86  2006 Ecological impact in ditch mesocosms of simulated spray drift from a crop protection program for potatoes. ---
87  2006 Effect of hardness on acute toxicity of metal mixtures using Daphnia magna: prediction of acid mine drainage toxicity. AMD
88  2006 Measurement of total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations in sediments and toxic units used for estimating risk to benthic invertebrates at manufactured gas plant sites. MGP, PAHs, U.S. EPA
89  2005 Effects of metal and organophosphate mixtures on Ceriodaphnia dubia survival and reproduction. ---
90  2005 Identification of metal toxicity in sewage sludge leachate. TIE
91  2004 Combined effect of copper, cadmium, and lead upon Cucumis sativus growth and bioaccumulation. Cd
92  2004 Using multiple metal-gill binding models and the toxic unit concept to help reconcile multiple-metal toxicity results. BLMs, NOM
93  2003 Susceptibility of black fly larvae (Diptera: Simuliidae) to lawn-care insecticides individually and as mixtures. ---
94  2002 Effects of a mixture of two insecticides in freshwater microcosms: I. Fate of chlorpyrifos and lindane and responses of macroinvertebrates. ---
95  2002 Toxicity of metal mixtures to a tropical freshwater alga (Chlorella sp): the effect of interactions between copper, cadmium, and zinc on metal cell binding and uptake. ---
96  2001 Application of a sigmapolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon model and a logistic regression model to sediment toxicity data based on a species-specific, water-only LC50 toxic unit for Hyalella azteca. PAH, QSAR
97  2000 Evaluation of surrogate measures of cadmium, lead, and zinc bioavailability to Eisenia fetida. ---
98  1997 Additivity in microbial toxicity of nonuniform mixtures of organic chemicals. ---
99  1993 Toxicity of sediments and sediment pore waters from the Grand Calumet River-Indiana Harbor, Indiana area of concern. ---
100  1991 Additive incidence of developmental malformation for Xenopus embryos exposed to a mixture of ten aliphatic carboxylic acids. QSAR