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Abbreviation : EC
Long Form : ethyl carbamate
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 Carbonyl compounds and furan derivatives with toxic potential evaluated in the brewing stages of craft beer. FA
2019 Assessment of the Pig-a, micronucleus, and comet assay endpoints in rats treated by acute or repeated dosing protocols with procarbazine hydrochloride and ethyl carbamate. PCZ
2019 Characteristics of refold acid urease immobilized covalently by graphene oxide-chitosan composite beads. ---
2019 Ethyl carbamate regulation and genomic expression of Saccharomyces cerevisiae during mixed-culture yellow rice wine fermentation with Lactobacillus sp. ---
2019 Formation of Ethyl Carbamate during the Production Process of Cantonese Soy Sauce. ---
2019 Ice-bath assisted sodium hydroxide purification coupled with GC-MS/MS analysis for simultaneous quantification of ethyl carbamate and 12 N-nitrosoamines in yellow rice wine and beer. NAs
2019 Optimization of an Aqueous Two-Phase System for the Determination of Trace Ethyl Carbamate in Red Wine. ATPS
2019 Purified Tetrastigma hemsleyanum vines polysaccharide attenuates EC-induced toxicity in Caco-2 cells and Caenorhabditis elegans via DAF-16/FOXO pathway. C. elegans
2019 Transcription factor EB (TFEB)-mediated autophagy protects against ethyl carbamate-induced cytotoxicity. CQ, ROS, TFEB
10  2019 Validation of an analytical method using HS-SPME-GC/MS-SIM to assess the exposure risk to carbonyl compounds and furan derivatives through beer consumption. FA
11  2019 [Advances in microbial enzymatic elimination of ethyl carbamate in Chinese rice wine]. ---
12  2018 Biodegradation of Ethyl Carbamate and Urea with Lysinibacillus sphaericus MT33 in Chinese Liquor Fermentation. ---
13  2018 Comparison of the protective effect of black and white mulberry against ethyl carbamate-induced cytotoxicity and oxidative damage. BMB, WMB
14  2018 Detection of ethyl carbamate in liquors using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. SERS
15  2018 Ethyl Carbamate Formation Regulated by Lactic Acid Bacteria and Nonconventional Yeasts in Solid-State Fermentation of Chinese Moutai-Flavor Liquor. ---
16  2018 Ethyl carbamate in Swedish and American smokeless tobacco products and some factors affecting its concentration. CT, DS, HP, MS, SP, STPs
17  2018 Ethyl carbamate: An emerging food and environmental toxicant. IARC
18  2018 Metabolic Engineering of Four GATA Factors to Reduce Urea and Ethyl Carbamate Formation in a Model Rice Wine System. ---
19  2018 Quantification ethyl carbamate in wines using reaction-assisted-extraction with 9-xanthydrol and detection by heart-cutting multidimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. MDGC-MS
20  2017 Effect of gallic and protocatechuic acids on the metabolism of ethyl carbamate in Chinese yellow rice wine brewing. ---
21  2017 Ethyl carbamate induces cell death through its effects on multiple metabolic pathways. ---
22  2017 Expression of an Acid Urease with Urethanase Activity in E. coli and Analysis of Urease Gene. ---
23  2017 L-arginine biosensors: A comprehensive review. NO
24  2017 Mulberry Fruit Extract Affords Protection against Ethyl Carbamate-Induced Cytotoxicity and Oxidative Stress. MFE, MMP
25  2017 Reduced Production of Higher Alcohols by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in Red Wine Fermentation by Simultaneously Overexpressing BAT1 and Deleting BAT2. ---
26  2017 Simultaneous determination of ethyl carbamate and urea in Korean rice wine by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometric detection. UPLC
27  2016 Assessing the Potential Content of Ethyl Carbamate in White, Red, and Rose Wines as a Key Factor for Pursuing Urea Degradation by Purified Acid Urease. PEC, TP
28  2016 Blackberry subjected to in vitro gastrointestinal digestion affords protection against Ethyl Carbamate-induced cytotoxicity. BD, BH
29  2016 CAR1 deletion by CRISPR/Cas9 reduces formation of ethyl carbamate from ethanol fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. ---
30  2016 Changes of ethyl carbamate and its precursors in maesil (Prunus mume) extract during one-year fermentation. ---
31  2016 Constitutive expression of the DUR1,2 gene in an industrial yeast strain to minimize ethyl carbamate production during Chinese rice wine fermentation. ---
32  2016 Formation of ethyl carbamate in Goji wines: Effect of Goji fruit composition. ---
33  2016 In vitro toxicological evaluation of ethyl carbamate in human HepG2 cells. HepG2
34  2016 Occurrence of ethyl carbamate in three types of Chinese wines and its possible reasons. ---
35  2016 Reduced production of ethyl carbamate for wine fermentation by deleting CAR1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. ---
36  2016 SERS-active Ag Nanostars Substrates for Sensitive Detection of Ethyl Carbamate in Wine. LOD, NPs, SERS
37  2016 Validation of analytical methods for ethyl carbamate in nine food matrices. RSDs
38  2016 Wild Raspberry Subjected to Simulated Gastrointestinal Digestion Improves the Protective Capacity against Ethyl Carbamate-Induced Oxidative Damage in Caco-2 Cells. RD, RE, ROS
39  2016 [Degradation of urea and ethyl carbamate in Chinese Rice wine by recombinant acid urease]. ---
40  2015 Cyanate as an Active Precursor of Ethyl Carbamate Formation in Sugar Cane Spirit. ---
41  2015 Determination of Ethyl Carbamate in Alcoholic Beverages and Fermented Foods Sold in Korea. ---
42  2015 Determination of Ethyl Carbamate in Chinese Yellow Rice Wine by Diatomaceous Earth Extraction and GC/MS Method. ---
43  2015 Determination of ethyl carbamate in fermented liquids by ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a Q Exactive hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometer. LOD
44  2015 Effect of citrulline, urea, ethanol, and urease on the formation of ethyl carbamate in soybean paste model system. GC-MS
45  2015 Improved sample preparation for GC-MS-SIM analysis of ethyl carbamate in wine. ---
46  2015 Rat Pig-a mutation assay responds to the genotoxic carcinogen ethyl carbamate but not the non-genotoxic carcinogen methyl carbamate. MC
47  2014 A fluorescence-based method for cyanate analysis in ethanol/water media: correlation between cyanate presence and ethyl carbamate formation in sugar cane spirit. ---
48  2014 A review of ethyl carbamate and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination risk in cachaca and other Brazilian sugarcane spirits. BaP, PAHs
49  2014 An improved and validated sample cleanup method for analysis of ethyl carbamate in Chinese liquor. SPE
50  2014 Formation of ethyl carbamate and changes during fermentation and storage of yellow rice wine. ---
51  2014 Metabolic engineering of the regulators in nitrogen catabolite repression to reduce the production of ethyl carbamate in a model rice wine system. NCR
52  2014 Rapid and sensitive methodology for determination of ethyl carbamate in fortified wines using microextraction by packed sorbent and gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection. GC-MS, LOD, MEPS
53  2014 Simultaneous determination of ethyl carbamate and 4-(5-)methylimidazole in yellow rice wine and soy sauce by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry. ---
54  2014 Simultaneous determination of ethyl carbamate and urea in alcoholic beverages by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with fluorescence detection. ---
55  2014 The arginine deiminase pathway of koji bacteria is involved in ethyl carbamate precursor production in soy sauce. ADI
56  2014 [Determination of ethyl carbamate in wine by HPLC-FLD]. ---
57  2014 [Purification and characterization of a halophilic urethanase from Klebsiella pneumoniae]. DTT, EDTA, SDS-PAGE
58  2013 A survey of levels of ethyl carbamate in alcoholic beverages in 2009-2012, Hebei Province, China. GC/MS
59  2013 Determination of ethyl carbamate in cachaca produced from copper stills by HPLC. ---
60  2013 Determination of ethyl carbamate in wine by high performance liquid chromatography. XEC
61  2013 Immobilized Rhodotorula mucilaginosa: a novel urethanase-producing strain for degrading ethyl carbamate. ---
62  2013 Nitrogen regulation involved in the accumulation of urea in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. NCR, TOR
63  2013 Ultrasound-assisted emulsification-microextraction for the sensitive determination of ethyl carbamate in alcoholic beverages. USAEME
64  2013 Validation (in-house and collaboratory) of the quantification method for ethyl carbamate in alcoholic beverages and soy sauce by GC-MS. LOQ, RSDs, SPE
65  2013 [Detection of methyl carbamate and ethyl carbamate in yellow rice wine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry]. GC/MS, LOQ, MC
66  2013 [Effect of alcoholic strength on the determination of ethyl carbamate in Chinese spirits by high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection]. HPLC-FLD
67  2013 [Simultaneous determination of ethyl carbamate and chloropropanols in flavorings by gas chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry]. 2-MCPD, LODs, MRM
68  2013 [Study on content of ethyl carbamate in yellow rice wine and its change in Zhejiang province]. ---
69  2012 Biogenic amines and ethyl carbamate in primitivo wine: survey of their concentrations in commercial products and relationship with the use of malolactic starter. BA, MLF
70  2012 Influence of phenolic compounds on the growth and arginine deiminase system in a wine lactic acid bacterium. ADI
71  2012 Multiple headspace solid-phase microextraction after matrix modification for avoiding matrix effect in the determination of ethyl carbamate in bread. multiple HS-SPME
72  2012 Simultaneous determination of methylcarbamate and ethylcarbamate in fermented foods and beverages by derivatization and GC-MS analysis. MC
73  2012 Validation of an analytical method for the determination of ethyl carbamate in vinegars. SPE
74  2011 Development of a novel solid-phase extraction, LC-MS/MS method for the analysis of ethyl carbamate in alcoholic beverages: application to South African wine and spirits. LODs, SPE
75  2011 Ethyl carbamate in cachaca (Brazilian sugarcane spirit): Extended survey confirms simple mitigation approaches in pot still distillation. ---
76  2011 Ethyl carbamate in fermented foods and beverages: dietary exposure of the Hong Kong population in 2007-2008. LOD, MOEs, ND
77  2011 Ethyl carbamate levels in wine and spirits from markets in Hebei Province, China. ---
78  2011 Influence of wine-like conditions on arginine utilization by lactic acid bacteria. LAB
79  2011 Multiple headspace solid-phase microextraction of ethyl carbamate from different alcoholic beverages employing drying agent based matrix modification. MHS-SPME
80  2011 [Multiple headspace solid-phase microextraction after matrix modification for the determination of ethyl carbamate in alcoholic beverages using gas chromatography]. MHS-SPME
81  2010 Cancer risk assessment of ethyl carbamate in alcoholic beverages from Brazil with special consideration to the spirits cachaca and tiquira. MOE
82  2010 Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry combined with solid phase microextraction as a powerful tool for quantification of ethyl carbamate in fortified wines. The case study of Madeira wine. HS-SPME, IEC, LOD
83  2010 Functional enhancement of Sake yeast strains to minimize the production of ethyl carbamate in Sake wine. ---
84  2010 Mechanisms of lung tumorigenesis by ethyl carbamate and vinyl carbamate. VC
85  2009 Ethyl carbamate in alcoholic beverages from Mexico (tequila, mezcal, bacanora, sotol) and Guatemala (cuxa): market survey and risk assessment. MOE
86  2009 Inhibition of vinyl carbamate-induced lung tumors and Kras2 mutations by the garlic derivative diallyl sulfone. VC
87  2007 Contribution of the fermenting yeast strain to ethyl carbamate generation in stone fruit spirits. ---
88  2007 In vivo mutagenicity of vinyl carbamate and ethyl carbamate in lung and small intestine of F1 (Big Blue x A/J) transgenic mice. MF, SI, VC
89  2007 Inhibition of vinyl carbamate-induced mutagenicity and clastogenicity by the garlic constituent diallyl sulfone in F1 (Big Blue x A/J) transgenic mice. MFs, VC
90  2006 Automated determination of ethyl carbamate in stone-fruit spirits using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. HS-SPME, MRM
91  2006 Comparison of methods for extraction of ethyl carbamate from alcoholic beverages in gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis. SIM
92  2005 Application of positive ion chemical ionisation and tandem mass spectrometry combined with gas chromatography to the trace level analysis of ethyl carbamate in bread. GC, LEC, MS/MS, PICI, SRM
93  2005 Comparisons of thresholds for carcinogenicity on linear and logarithmic dosage scales. AAF, AF, ME, NDEA
94  2005 Influence of ethanol and low pH on arginine and citrulline metabolism in lactic acid bacteria from wine. ---
95  2003 Antimutagenic properties of bell and black peppers. MMS, mwh, SMART
96  2003 Induction of a high incidence of lung tumors in C57BL/6 mice with multiple ethyl carbamate injections. ---
97  2002 Analysis of ethyl carbamate in wines using solid-phase extraction and multidimensional gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. EI, MDGC/MS, PTV
98  2002 Citrulline as the main precursor of ethyl carbamate in model fortified wines inoculated with Lactobacillus hilgardii: a marker of the levels in a spoiled fortified wine. ---
99  2002 Vasorelaxant effects of ethyl cinnamate isolated from Kaempferia galanga on smooth muscles of the rat aorta. NO, PE
100  2001 Growth and arginine metabolism of the wine lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus buchneri and Oenococcus oeni at different pH values and arginine concentrations. MLF