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Abbreviation : EP
Long Form : endogenous pyrogen
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2017 A Brief History of IL-1 and IL-1 Ra in Rheumatology. IL-1, IL-1ra, MCF
2013 A urinary metabonomics study on biochemical changes in yeast-induced pyrexia rats: a new approach to elucidating the biochemical basis of the febrile response. ---
2009 Dietary and endogenous amino acids are the main contributors to microbial protein in the upper gut of normally nourished pigs. aa, DP, M.VAL
2004 Infection, fever, and exogenous and endogenous pyrogens: some concepts have changed. IL-1, LPSs, PGE2, TLR, TNF-alpha
1998 Complement reduction impairs the febrile response of guinea pigs to endotoxin. CVF, KC, LPS, PGE2, POA, Tc
1992 Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone suppresses fever and increases in plasma levels of prostaglandin E2 in the rabbit. alpha-MSH, IL-1 beta, LPS, PGE2, TNF-alpha
1992 Alpha-MSH peptides inhibit acute inflammation induced in mice by rIL-1 beta, rIL-6, rTNF-alpha and endogenous pyrogen but not that caused by LTB4, PAF and rIL-8. ---
1991 Calcium channel blockers inhibit endogenous pyrogen fever in rats and rabbits. PGE
1991 Nature of the endogenous pyrogen (EP) induced by influenza viruses: lack of correlation between EP levels and content of the known pyrogenic cytokines, interleukin 1, interleukin 6 and tumour necrosis factor. IL-1
10  1991 Response of body temperature and serum iron concentration to repeated pyrogen injection in rabbits. ---
11  1991 Site of action of calcium channel blockers in inhibiting endogenous pyrogen fever in rats. OVLT, PGE
12  1991 The effect of alpha-MSH on fever caused by Staphylococcus aureus cell walls in rabbits. MDP
13  1990 In vivo evidence that the rise in plasma IL 6 following injection of a fever-inducing dose of LPS is mediated by IL 1 beta. CSF, IL, LPS
14  1990 Passage of immunomodulators across the blood-brain barrier. CVO, IL-1, OVLT, PGE
15  1990 Possible involvement of lymphocyte activating factor (LAF) as an endogenous pyrogen in fever induced by the cell wall skeleton of Nocardia rubra (N-CWS). IL-1, LAF, TNF
16  1989 Acute-phase response to endogenous pyrogen in rabbit: effects of age and route of administration. alpha-MSH, APR, CRP
17  1989 Age- and sex-related differences in febrile response to peripheral pyrogens in the rabbit. ---
18  1989 Blunted febrile response to intravenous endotoxin in starved rats. LPS, PGE2, SA, Tco
19  1989 Effects of sodium salicylate on the febrile response and increased levels of cyclic AMP in cerebrospinal fluid during endogenous pyrogen-induced fever in rabbits. CSF, cyclic AMP, SS
20  1989 Enhancement of the febrile responses of rats to endogenous pyrogen occurs within the OVLT region. OVLT
21  1989 Possible involvement of a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like mediator as an endogenous pyrogen in fever induction by Nocardia rubra cell wall skeleton (N-CWS). N-CWS, TNF
22  1988 Decrease in pyrogenicity of muramyl dipeptide after coupling with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone. cdi, IL-1, LHRH, Lys-MDP, MDP
23  1988 Fever response in old and young mice after injection of interleukin 1. IL-1
24  1988 Is the central arachidonic acid cascade system involved in the development of acute-phase response in rabbits? NDGA
25  1988 Pattern differences in experimental fevers induced by endotoxin, endogenous pyrogen, and prostaglandins. i.c.v, IL-1, POA
26  1987 Differential production of endogenous pyrogen by human peripheral blood leucocytes following interaction with H3N2 or H1N1 influenza viruses of differing virulence. ---
27  1987 Effects of endogenous pyrogen and prostaglandin E2 on hypothalamic neurons in guinea pig brain slices. PGE2, PO-AH
28  1987 Interleukin 1 (IL 1) as a mediator of crystal arthritis. Stimulation of T cell and synovial fibroblast mitogenesis by urate crystal-induced IL 1. alpha-IFN, IL-1, MNC, MSU, TNF
29  1987 Sex-related differences in fever development of rats. LPS, TI, Tre
30  1987 Suppression of antipyretic response in rabbits by intraventricular protein synthesis inhibitor, anisomycin. PGE2
31  1987 Thermoregulatory responses of guinea pigs with anteroventral third ventricle lesions. LPS, Ta, Tco, Tsk
32  1986 Dehydration enhances endotoxin fever by increased production of endogenous pyrogen. ---
33  1986 Dissociation between muramyl dipeptide-induced fever and changes in plasma metal levels. MDP
34  1986 Interleukin 1 production by human polymorphonuclear neutrophils. PMN
35  1986 Production of pyrogen by polymorphonuclear leukocytes during the course of casein-induced peritonitis in rabbits. PEC, PMN, TMF
36  1986 Rat endogenous pyrogen and fever. ---
37  1985 Crystal-induced endogenous pyrogen production. A further look at gouty inflammation. CPPD, HA, IL-1
38  1985 Effect of age on the febrile response of rats to endogenous pyrogen. ---
39  1985 Effect of endogenous pyrogen, corticosteroids and inhibitors of prostaglandins and leukotrienes on the plasma concentrations of haptoglobin and fibrinogen in rats. ---
40  1985 Homogeneous interferon-inducing 22K factor is related to endogenous pyrogen and interleukin-1. HuIFN-beta, i.v, IL-1, LAF
41  1985 Suppression of Ag-induced release of EP (IL 1) by spleen cells of specifically desensitized donors: evidence for the role of a suppressor cell. GP, OVA
42  1985 The search for an endogenous activator. EMs, M/L, PIC
43  1984 Activation of acute-phase responses by intrapreoptic injections of endogenous pyrogen in guinea pigs. APR, i.p, iPO, NANA, PFS, PGE, PO, Tco, Zn
44  1984 Demonstration of interleukin 1 activity in apparently homogeneous specimens of the pI 5 form of rabbit endogenous pyrogen. IL-1
45  1984 Differential acute-phase responses in febrile and cold- and heat-exposed rabbits. APR, NANA
46  1984 Fever and changes in plasma zinc and iron concentrations in the goat: the role of leukocytic pyrogen. LEM, LP, LPS, SEB
47  1984 Inhibition of endogenous pyrogen-induced fever by a muramyl dipeptide derivative. MDP
48  1984 Interleukin-1. IL-1, LAF, LEM
49  1984 Sleep-promoting effects of endogenous pyrogen (interleukin-1). ---
50  1984 Specific absorption with monoclonal antibodies to muramyl dipeptide of the pyrogenic and somnogenic activities of rabbit monokine. MDP
51  1983 Circadian variation in circulating pyrogen: possible role in resistance to infection. BT, Zn
52  1983 Effect of protein deficiency on endogenous pyrogen-mediated acute phase protein responses. ---
53  1983 Muramyl peptides as possible endogenous immunopharmacological mediators. SWS
54  1983 Suppression of fever after lesions of the anteroventral third ventricle in guinea pigs. BBB, OVLT
55  1983 The effect of temperature on the activation of thymocytes by interleukins I and II. PHA
56  1983 The pyrogenic and mitogenic actions of interleukin-1 are related. IL-1, LPS
57  1982 An epidermal cell-derived cytokine triggers the in vivo synthesis of serum amyloid A by hepatocytes. ETAF, IL-1, LPS, SAA
58  1982 Fever and immunoregulation: hyperthermia, interleukins 1 and 2, and T-cell proliferation. IL-1
59  1982 Production of lymphocyte activating factor in the absence of endogenous pyrogen by rabbit or human leukocytes stimulated by a muramyl dipeptide derivative. LAF
60  1982 Protein deficiency and endogenous pyrogen fever. ---
61  1982 The detection of endotoxin by in vitro production of endogenous pyrogen: comparison with limulus amebocyte lysate gelation. LAL
62  1982 The inhibitory effect of polymyxin B on endotoxin-induced endogenous pyrogen production. LPS, PMB
63  1981 Direct effects of endogenous pyrogen on medullary temperature-responsive neurons in rabbits. PO/AH, TR
64  1981 Febrile and plasma iron responses of rabbits injected with endogenous pyrogen from malnourished patients. ---
65  1980 Endogenous pyrogens made by rabbit peritoneal exudate cells are identical with lymphocyte-activating factors made by rabbit alveolar macrophages. AM, LAF, PEC, pI
66  1980 Possible causes of fever after interferon administration. FIF, IF, LeIF, LyIF
67  1980 Release of an endogenous pyrogen from guinea pig leukocytes: the role of T lymphocytes and correlation with suppression (desensitization) of delayed hypersensitivity. DH
68  1980 Release of endogenous pyrogen-activating factor from concanavalin A-stimulated human lymphocytes. EPAF, LK
69  1979 Increased production of endogenous pyrogen and lysozyme by blood monocytes in sarcoidosis. ---
70  1978 Further similarities of endogenous pyrogen and leukocytic endogenous mediator. LEM
71  1978 Pathogenesis of fever in delayed hypersensitivity: factors influencing release of pyrogen-inducing lymphokines. BL
72  1977 Differences in pyrogen production by mononuclear phagocytes and by fibroblasts or HeLa cells. CE
73  1977 Differentiation between endogenous pyrogen and leukocytic endogenous mediator. LEM
74  1977 The release of an endogenous pyrogen from guinea pig leukocytes in vitro: a new model for investigating the role of lymphocytes in fevers induced by antigen in hosts with delayed hypersensitivity. BGG, DH, PE
75  1976 Colchicine stimulation of pyrogen production by human blood leukocytes. PMN
76  1974 Studies on the mechanism of endogenous pyrogen production. II. Role of cell products in the regulation of pyrogen release from blood leukocytes. ---
77  1972 Studies on the mechanism of fever accompanying delayed hypersensitivity. The role of the sensitized lymphocyte. ---
78  1971 Influence of the duration of experimental fever on salicylate antipyresis in the rabbit. ---
79  1970 Studies on tuberculin fever. IV. The passive transfer of reactivity with various tissues of sensitized donor rabbits. OT
80  1967 Release of an endogenous pyrogen in vitro from rabbit mononuclear cells. ---
82  1961 Studies on tuberculin fever. II. Observations on the role of endogenous pyrogen in tolerance. OT