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Abbreviation : FLLs
Long Form : focal liver lesions
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 Application of artificial intelligence using a novel eus-based convolutional neural network model to identify and distinguish benign from malignant hepatic masses. CNN, EUS
2020 Application of new ultrasound techniques for focal liver lesions. HCCs, US
2020 CEUS LI-RADS: a pictorial review. CEUS, HCC, LI-RADS
2020 Comparison of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound versus Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging for the Diagnosis of Focal Liver Lesions Using the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System. APHE, CE-MRI, CEUS, CI, HCC, LI-RADS
2020 Deep learning assisted differentiation of hepatocellular carcinoma from focal liver lesions: choice of four-phase and three-phase CT imaging protocol. AUCs, CDNs, HCC, ROC
2020 Differentiation of regenerative nodule, dysplastic nodule, and small hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic patients: a contrast-enhanced ultrasound-based multivariable model analysis. CATR, CEUS, HCC
2020 Elastography for characterization of focal liver lesions: current evidence and future perspectives. US
2020 Focal liver lesions: interobserver and intraobserver agreement of three-dimensional contrast-enhanced ultrasound-assisted volume measurements. ICCs
2020 Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Step Forward for Better Evaluation Using Ultrasound Elastography. 2D-SWE, CAP, HCC, NAFLD, pSWE, VCTE
10  2020 Imaging Accuracy in Diagnosis of Different Focal Liver Lesions: A Retrospective Study in North of Iran. FNA, MRI, PPV, US
11  2020 Impact of ultra-low dose CT acquisition on semi-automated RECIST tool in the evaluation of malignant focal liver lesions. CNR, CT, ULD
12  2020 Improving B-mode ultrasound diagnostic performance for focal liver lesions using deep learning: A multicentre study. CT, DCNN-US, EV, MRI, US
13  2020 Irregular Respiratory Motion Compensation for Liver Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound via Transport based Motion Estimation. CEUS, OT, SSC
14  2020 Multiphase convolutional dense network for the classification of focal liver lesions on dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography. AUC, DCE-CT, HCC, MP-CDN
15  2020 Preliminary Clinical Experience with Shear Wave Dispersion Imaging for Liver Viscosity in Preoperative Diagnosis of Focal Liver Lesions. AUC, SWD
16  2020 Shear wave elastography-based ultrasomics: differentiating malignant from benign focal liver lesions. ---
17  2020 Usefulness of the Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System in Diagnosing Focal Liver Lesions by Inexperienced Radiologists. CEUS, LI-RADS
18  2019 Characterization of focal liver lesions using the stretched exponential model: comparison with monoexponential and biexponential diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. ADC, DDC, Dp, Dt, DWI, ROC
19  2019 Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has excellent diagnostic accuracy in differentiating focal liver lesions: results from a Swiss tertiary gastroenterological centre. CEUS, NPV
20  2019 Contrast-enhanced ultrasound approach to the diagnosis of focal liver lesions: the importance of washout. CEUS
21  2019 Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound of Benign Focal LiverLesions. CEUS
22  2019 Contrast-enhanced ultrasound of hepatocellular carcinoma: where do we stand? CEUS, US
23  2019 Diagnostic value of Virtual Touch Quantification (VTQ) for differentiation of hemangiomas from malignant focal liver lesions. HCCs, HEs, METs, SWV, US, VTQ
24  2019 Evaluation of Indirect Methods for Motion Compensation in 2-D Focal Liver Lesion Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) Imaging. CARD, CEUS
25  2019 High Acceleration Three-Dimensional T1-Weighted Dual Echo Dixon Hepatobiliary Phase Imaging Using Compressed Sensing-Sensitivity Encoding: Comparison of Image Quality and Solid Lesion Detectability with the Standard T1-Weighted Sequence. AF, CS, GRE, HBP, JAFROC, SENSE
26  2019 Intraoperative Shear Wave Elastography vs. Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound for the Characterization and Differentiation of Focal LiverLesions to Optimize Liver Tumor Surgery. CEUS, SWE
27  2019 Morphological and dynamic evaluation of complex cystic focal liver lesions by contrast-enhanced ultrasound: current state of the art. CEUS, CT, MR, US
28  2019 Multiparametric ultrasound in liver diseases: an overview for the practising clinician. MPUS, US
29  2019 Personalized 3D-Printed Transparent Liver Model Using the Hepatobiliary Phase MRI: Usefulness in the Lesion-by-Lesion Imaging-Pathologic Matching of Focal Liver Lesions-Preliminary Results. MRI
30  2019 Predictive factors of malignancy in dogs with focal liver lesions using clinical data and ultrasonographic features. CI, OR, US
31  2019 Real-Time Contrast-Enhanced-Guided Biopsy Compared with Conventional Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy in the Diagnosis of Hepatic Tumors on a Background of Advanced Chronic Liver Disease: A Prospective, Randomized, Clinical Trial. ACLD, CEUSLB, USLB
32  2019 Safety of Perfluorobutane (Sonazoid) in Characterizing Focal Liver Lesions. AE, CEUS, TEAEs
33  2019 Superb microvascular imaging technique in depicting vascularity in focal liver lesions: more hypervascular supply patterns were depicted in hepatocellular carcinoma. CDFI, HCCs, MVD, SMI
34  2019 The interreader agreement and validation of contrast-enhanced ultrasound liver imaging reporting and data system. APHE, CEUS LI-RADS, HCC
35  2019 Value of virtual monochromatic spectral image of dual-layer spectral detector CT with noise reduction algorithm for image quality improvement in obese simulated body phantom. CNR, DRIs, SDCT, VMI
36  2018 Application of real-time three-dimensional contrast-enhanced ultrasound using SonoVue for the evaluation of focal liver lesions: a prospective single-center study. ---
37  2018 Clinical utility of real-time ultrasound-multimodality fusion guidance for percutaneous biopsy of focal liver lesions. MRI, US
38  2018 Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography of the liver using SonoVue. CEUS
39  2018 Contrast-enhanced US for characterization of focal liver lesions: a comprehensive meta-analysis. CAs, CEUS
40  2018 Efficacy comparison of multi-phase CT and hepatotropic contrast-enhanced MRI in the differential diagnosis of focal nodular hyperplasia: a prospective cohort study. FNH, HAP, HBP
41  2018 Focal Liver Lesions: Computer-aided Diagnosis by Using Contrast-enhanced US Cine Recordings. ANN, AUCs, CAD, CI, CT, MR, SVM, TIC, US
42  2018 Magnetic resonance with diffusion-weighted imaging improves assessment of focal liver lesions in patients with potentially resectable pancreatic cancer on CT. FOM, PDACs
43  2018 Preoperative diagnosis and prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma: Radiomics analysis based on multi-modal ultrasound images. ACC, AUC, BMUS, CI, HCC, LOOCV, MVI, sens, SPEC, SRT, SVM, SWE, SWV
44  2018 Texture-specific bag of visual words model and spatial cone matching-based method for the retrieval of focal liver lesions using multiphase contrast-enhanced CT images. BoVW, ROI, SCM
45  2018 The value of clinical and ultrasound features for the diagnosis of infantile hepatic hemangioma: Comparison with contrast-enhanced CT/MRI. AFP, IHH, RI, ROC
46  2017 Application of superb microvascular imaging in focal liver lesions. FNH, HCC, HE, SMI
47  2017 Automatic Identification of the Optimal Reference Frame for Segmentation and Quantification of Focal Liver Lesions in Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound. CEUS
48  2017 Can ultrasound elastography identify mass-like focal fatty change (FFC) from liver mass? ASD, CEI, FFC, pSWE, SR, SV
49  2017 Characterization of Focal Liver Lesions Indistinctive on B Mode Ultrasound: Benefits of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound. BMUS, CEUS, PVLP
50  2017 Detection and characterization of small superficially located focal liver lesions by contrast-enhanced ultrasound with high frequency transducers. CEUS
51  2017 Evaluation of 2D- Shear Wave Elastography for Characterisation of Focal Liver Lesions. 2D-SWE, CCC, FFS, FNH, HCC
52  2017 Focal liver lesions segmentation and classification in nonenhanced T2-weighted MRI. CAD, LOO, MRI, PNN, ROC
53  2017 Imaging patterns and focal lesions in fatty liver: a pictorial review. CT, MRI
54  2017 Intravoxel Incoherent Motion Diffusion-weighted Imaging: Evaluation of the Differentiation of Solid Hepatic Lesions. DWI, IVIM
55  2017 Is Contrast Enhanced Ultrasonography a useful tool in a beginner's hand? How much can a Computer Assisted Diagnosis prototype help in characterizing the malignancy of focal liver lesions? CAD, CEUS, FNH, HCC, HMG
56  2017 Point shear wave speed measurement in differentiating benign and malignant focal liver lesions. ROC, SWS
57  2017 Quantitative evaluation of Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake in focal liver lesions by using T1 mapping: differences between hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatic focal nodular hyperplasia and cavernous hemangioma. CHL, FNH, HCC, T1P
58  2017 The role of apparent diffusion coefficient values in characterization of solid focal liver lesions: a prospective and comparative clinical study. ADC, DA
59  2017 Visibility of focal liver lesions: Comparison between kupffer phase of CEUS with sonazoid and hepatobiliary phase of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI. ---
60  2016 3D analysis is superior to 2D analysis for contrast-enhanced ultrasound in revealing vascularity in focal liver lesions - A retrospective analysis of 83 cases. CEUS, CT, MRI
61  2016 Advantages and Limitations of Focal Liver Lesion Assessment with Ultrasound Contrast Agents: Comments on the European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) Guidelines. CEUS, EFSUMB
62  2016 Comparison of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography with virtual touch tissue quantification in the evaluation of focal liver lesions. CEUS, NPV, PPV, VTQ
63  2016 Comparison of magnetic resonance elastography and diffusion-weighted imaging for differentiating benign and malignant liver lesions. ADC, DWI, MRE, ROC
64  2016 Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in the evaluation of incidental focal liver lesions: A cost-effectiveness analysis. CEUS, CT, MRI
65  2016 Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Focal Liver Lesions: Where Do We Stand? CEUS
66  2016 Diffusion-Weighted Imaging with Two Different b-Values in Detection of Solid Focal Liver Lesions. DWI, T2WI
67  2016 Focal Lesions in Fatty Liver: If Quantitative Analysis Facilitates the Differentiation of Atypical Benign from Malignant Lesions. AUC, US
68  2016 Focal Liver Lesions Classification and Characterization: What Value Do DWI and ADC Have? ADC, DWI
69  2016 Maximum Value Measured by 2-D Shear Wave Elastography Helps in Differentiating Malignancy from Benign Focal Liver Lesions. 2D-SWE
70  2016 Recognizing Focal Liver Lesions in CEUS With Dynamically Trained Latent Structured Models. CEUS, ROIs
71  2016 The role of the diffusion sequence in magnetic resonance imaging for the differential diagnosis between hepatocellular carcinoma and benign liver lesions. ADC, DWI, HCC, MRI
72  2016 Value of Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound for Small Focal Liver Lesions. CEUS
73  2015 A new automated quantification algorithm for the detection and evaluation of focal liver lesions with contrast-enhanced ultrasound. CEUS, SVMs, TIC
74  2015 Contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the characterization of complex cystic focal liver lesions. CEUS, US
75  2015 Diagnosis of Hepatic Angiomyolipoma by Combination of Baseline and Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound--A Prospective Study in Non-Cirrhotic Patients. AFP, CEUS, HAML, US
76  2015 Differentiation of benign and malignant focal liver lesions: value of virtual touch tissue quantification of acoustic radiation force impulse elastography. ROC, SWV, VTQ
77  2015 Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging for the Classification of Focal Liver Lesions as Benign or Malignant. ADC, DWI, MRI
78  2015 Influence of the adaptive iterative dose reduction 3D algorithm on the detectability of low-contrast lesions and radiation dose repeatability in abdominal computed tomography: a phantom study. ATCM, FBP, ICC
79  2015 Navigated three-dimensional T1-weighted gradient-echo sequence for gadoxetic acid liver magnetic resonance imaging in patients with limited breath-holding capacity. BH, BH-LAVA, HBP, JAFROC, MRI
80  2015 Shear Wave Elastography of Focal Liver Lesion: Intraobserver Reproducibility and Elasticity Characterization. ICCs, SWE
81  2015 Vascular phases in imaging and their role in focal liver lesions assessment. ---
82  2014 2-tier in-plane motion correction and out-of-plane motion filtering for contrast-enhanced ultrasound. CEUS, IPMC, NC, OPMF, OPMM, TICs
83  2014 Characterization of focal liver lesions using contrast enhanced ultrasound as a first line method: a large monocentric experience. CEUS
84  2014 Comparison of iterative model-based reconstruction versus conventional filtered back projection and hybrid iterative reconstruction techniques: lesion conspicuity and influence of body size in anthropomorphic liver phantoms. CT, FBP, FD, FD50, IMR, RD
85  2014 Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for the evaluation of focal liver lesions - a prospective multicenter study of its usefulness in clinical practice. CEUS, CT, MRI
86  2014 Does diffusion-weighted imaging add diagnostic confidence in discriminating between benign and malignant solid focal liver lesions? DWI
87  2014 Dual-mode registration of dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound combining tissue and contrast sequences. DCE-US, ROI
88  2014 DW-MRI of liver lesions: can a single ADC-value represent the entire lesion? ADC, DW, MRI
89  2014 Evaluation of hepatic focal lesions using diffusion-weighted MR imaging: comparison of apparent diffusion coefficient and intravoxel incoherent motion-derived parameters. Dt, IVIM, MRI
90  2014 MR imaging of benign focal liver lesions. ---
91  2014 Neural network ensemble based CAD system for focal liver lesions from B-mode ultrasound. CAD, HCC, HEM, MET, NNE, NOR, PCA, SROIs
92  2014 Optimized contrast-enhanced ultrasonography for characterization of focal liver lesions in cirrhosis: A single-center retrospective study. CE-MRI, CECT, CEUS, HCC, ICCs, NHBLs, US
93  2014 Variability of apparent diffusion coefficients in metastatic small cell lung carcinoma: comparisons between-within normal tissue and liver metastases. ADC, DW-MRI
94  2013 Accuracy of visual analysis vs. apparent diffusion coefficient quantification in differentiating solid benign and malignant focal liver lesions with diffusion-weighted imaging. ADC-Q, DWI, ROC, VA
95  2013 Computer-aided focal liver lesion detection. FROC
96  2013 Content-based image retrieval of multiphase CT images for focal liver lesion characterization. AUC, BEP, CT, ROC
97  2013 Contrast-enhanced ultrasound features of histologically proven focal nodular hyperplasia: diagnostic performance compared with contrast-enhanced CT. CECT, CEUS, FNH
98  2013 Contrast-enhanced ultrasound using SonoVue (sulphur hexafluoride microbubbles) compared with contrast-enhanced computed tomography and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging for the characterisation of focal liver lesions and detection of liver metastases: a systematic review and cost-effectiveness analysis. CE-MRI, CECT, CEUS, CRC, CT, HCC, MRI
99  2013 Current consensus and guidelines of contrast enhanced ultrasound for the characterization of focal liver lesions. CEUS, UCAs, US
100  2013 Diagnosis of focal liver lesions suspected of metastases by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI): systematic comparison favors free-breathing technique. DWI, ROC