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Abbreviation : HE
Long Form : hemagglutinin-esterase
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2019 First detection of bovine coronavirus in Yak (Bos grunniens) and a bovine coronavirus genome with a recombinant HE gene. BCoV
2019 Genetic Evolution and Molecular Selection of the HE Gene of Influenza C Virus. CAI, ICV, RCDI, SiD
2019 Prevalence of a novel bovine coronavirus strain with a recombinant hemagglutinin/esterase gene in dairy calves in China. BCoV
2018 Neutralizing Epitopes and Residues Mediating the Potential Antigenic Drift of the Hemagglutinin-Esterase Protein of Influenza C Virus. mAbs
2017 A novel real-time RT-PCR assay for influenza C tested in Peruvian children. ICV, NP
2017 First field evidence of the evolution from a non-virulent HPR0 to a virulent HPR-deleted infectious salmon anaemia virus. HPR, ISA, ISAV
2016 Genetic Lineage and Reassortment of Influenza C Viruses Circulating between 1947 and 2014. ---
2016 IFN-adjuvanted DNA vaccine against infectious salmon anemia virus: Antibody kinetics and longevity of IFN expression. IFN, ISAV, pv
2015 Adjuvant activity of fish type I interferon shown in a virus DNA vaccination model. ISAV
10  2015 Dual Mutation Events in the Haemagglutinin-Esterase and Fusion Protein from an Infectious Salmon Anaemia Virus HPR0 Genotype Promote Viral Fusion and Activation by an Ubiquitous Host Protease. HPR, ISAV
11  2015 Electrostatic Architecture of the Infectious Salmon Anemia Virus (ISAV) Core Fusion Protein Illustrates a Carboxyl-Carboxylate pH Sensor. ISAV
12  2015 Human Coronavirus HKU1 Spike Protein Uses O-Acetylated Sialic Acid as an Attachment Receptor Determinant and Employs Hemagglutinin-Esterase Protein as a Receptor-Destroying Enzyme. 9-O-Ac-Sia, HAE, HCoV, NA, RDE
13  2015 Isolation and characterization of influenza C viruses in the Philippines and Japan. ARI, ILI, SP82
14  2014 Deletions in the highly polymorphic region (HPR) of infectious salmon anaemia virus HPR0 haemagglutinin-esterase enhance viral fusion and influence the interaction with the fusion protein. HPR, ISAV
15  2014 Genetic analysis and comparative virulence of infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) types HPR7a and HPR7b from recent field outbreaks in Chile. ISA, ISAV, ISAV
16  2014 Salmonid alphavirus-based replicon vaccine against infectious salmon anemia (ISA): impact of immunization route and interactions of the replicon vector. G protein, i.p, IM, ISA, ISAV, SAV, VHSV
17  2013 A hemagglutinin-esterase-expressing salmonid alphavirus replicon protects Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) against infectious salmon anemia (ISA). ISA, ISAV, SAV
18  2013 A multigene approach for comparing genealogy of Betacoronavirus from cattle and horses. BCoV
19  2013 Analysis of the use of codon pairs in the HE gene of the ISA virus shows a correlation between bias in HPR codon-pair use and mortality rates caused by the virus. CPB, HPR
20  2013 Evolution and homologous recombination of the hemagglutinin-esterase gene sequences from porcine torovirus. PToV
21  2013 Hemagglutination mediated by the spike protein of cell-adapted bovine torovirus. BToV, HA, HAD
22  2013 Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) in Chilean Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) aquaculture: emergence of low pathogenic ISAV-HPR0 and re-emergence of virulent ISAV-HPR∆: HPR3 and HPR14. HPR, ISA, ISAV, ISAV
23  2013 Isolation of a novel swine influenza virus from Oklahoma in 2011 which is distantly related to human influenza C viruses. HI
24  2013 Lineage specific antigenic differences in porcine torovirus hemagglutinin-esterase (PToV-HE) protein. PToV, PToV-HE
25  2013 The acetyl-esterase activity of the hemagglutinin-esterase protein of human coronavirus OC43 strongly enhances the production of infectious virus. HCoV-OC43
26  2013 Ultra-deep pyrosequencing of partial surface protein genes from infectious Salmon Anaemia virus (ISAV) suggest novel mechanisms involved in transition to virulence. HPR, ISAV, ISAVs, UDPS, vISAVs
27  2012 Characterization of epidemic diarrhea outbreaks associated with bovine torovirus in adult cows. BToV
28  2012 Evolution of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISA virus). ISA virus, NP, PA, TMRCA
29  2012 Low virulent infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV-HPR0) is prevalent and geographically structured in Norwegian salmon farming. ISA, ISAV
30  2012 Multiple passage of infectious salmon anaemia virus in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), did not induce increased virus load. ISAV, p.i
31  2011 Detection and characterization of bovine-like coronaviruses from four species of zoo ruminants. aa, BCoV, CoVs, nt
32  2011 Presence of a full-length highly polymorphic region (HPR) in the ISAV haemagglutinin-esterase does not affect the primary functions of receptor binding and esterase activity. HPR, ISAV
33  2011 Use of molecular epidemiology to trace transmission pathways for infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) in Norwegian salmon farming. HPR, ISA, ISAV, ISAV
34  2011 Vomiting and wasting disease associated with hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis viruses infection in piglets in Jilin, China. PHEV
35  2010 Attachment of mouse hepatitis virus to O-acetylated sialic acid is mediated by hemagglutinin-esterase and not by the spike protein. O-Ac-Sias
36  2010 Genetic determinants of mouse hepatitis virus strain 1 pneumovirulence. MHV-1, MHV-1, MHV-1, RT-PCR, SARS
37  2010 Murine coronavirus neuropathogenesis: determinants of virulence. IFN-gamma, MHV
38  2010 Structural and functional analysis of the hemagglutinin-esterase of infectious salmon anaemia virus. BCoV HE, InfC HEF, ISAV, recHE
39  2010 Tempo and mode in the molecular evolution of influenza C. HPD, NS, NS2
40  2009 Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) isolated from the ISA disease outbreaks in Chile diverged from ISAV isolates from Norway around 1996 and was disseminated around 2005, based on surface glycoprotein gene sequences. ISA, ISAV
41  2009 Molecular characterization of a new PToV strain. Evolutionary implications. PToV
42  2009 Surveillance for infectious salmon anaemia virus HPR0 in marine Atlantic salmon farms across Scotland. HPR, ISA, ISAV
43  2009 [Inhibition of pSmad implicated in cleft palate induced by all-trans retinoic acid]. ATRA, CP, MEE, pSmad2, pSmad2
44  2008 Detection of group 2a coronaviruses with emphasis on bovine and wild ruminant strains. Virus isolation and detection of antibody, antigen, and nucleic acid. BCoV
45  2008 Evolutionary mechanisms involved in the virulence of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV), a piscine orthomyxovirus. ISAV
46  2008 Heterologous expression and purification of the infectious salmon anemia virus hemagglutinin esterase. ISAV, MALDI-TOF MS, RDE
47  2008 Study of influenza C virus infection in France. ---
48  2007 Characterization of gene expression on genomic segment 7 of infectious salmon anaemia virus. ISA, ORFs
49  2007 Detection and molecular characterization of calf diarrhoea bovine coronaviruses circulating in South Korea during 2004-2005. aa, BCoV, CD
50  2007 Mapping of putative virulence motifs on infectious salmon anemia virus surface glycoprotein genes. ISAV
51  2007 Transmission of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) in farmed populations of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). HPR, ISAV
52  2006 Comparative analysis of 22 coronavirus HKU1 genomes reveals a novel genotype and evidence of natural recombination in coronavirus HKU1. ATR, CoV-HKU1
53  2006 Detection and characterization of bovine coronaviruses in fecal specimens of adult cattle with diarrhea during the warmer seasons. BCoV, RDE, WD, WD
54  2006 Molecular characterization of HE, M, and E genes of winter dysentery bovine coronavirus circulated in Korea during 2002-2003. BCoV, RBCV, WD
55  2006 Sequence analysis of the fusion protein gene from infectious salmon anemia virus isolates: evidence of recombination and reassortment. INs, ISAV
56  2006 [Type C influenza]. ---
57  2005 Expression of hemagglutinin esterase protein from recombinant mouse hepatitis virus enhances neurovirulence. MHV
58  2005 Expression, antigenicity and studies on cell receptor binding of the hemagglutinin of infectious salmon anemia virus. ISA
59  2005 Luxury at a cost? Recombinant mouse hepatitis viruses expressing the accessory hemagglutinin esterase protein display reduced fitness in vitro. MHV
60  2005 Nidovirus sialate-O-acetylesterases: evolution and substrate specificity of coronaviral and toroviral receptor-destroying enzymes. Sia
61  2005 Protective effects of a DNA vaccine expressing the infectious salmon anemia virus hemagglutinin-esterase in Atlantic salmon. ISA
62  2005 Susceptibility and immune responses following experimental infection of MHC compatible Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) with different infectious salmon anaemia virus isolates. ISAV
63  2003 Evolution and variation of the SARS-CoV genome. ---
64  2002 Antigenic and genetic characterization of influenza C viruses which caused two outbreaks in Yamagata City, Japan, in 1996 and 1998. ---
65  2002 Origin and evolution of influenza virus hemagglutinin genes. HA
66  2002 The sialate-4-O-acetylesterases of coronaviruses related to mouse hepatitis virus: a proposal to reorganize group 2 Coronaviridae. MHV, Neu4,5Ac2, PV
67  2002 The spike but not the hemagglutinin/esterase protein of bovine coronavirus is necessary and sufficient for viral infection. BCV, HRT, MHV
68  2001 Genomic and antigenic variations of the HE glycoprotein of bovine coronaviruses associated with neonatal calf diarrhea and winter dysentery. BCV, HA, HAI, mAbs, NCD, nt, RDE, WD
69  2001 Role of individual oligosaccharide chains in antigenic properties, intracellular transport, and biological activities of influenza C virus hemagglutinin-esterase protein. ---
70  2000 Antibody responses to respiratory coronavirus infections of cattle during shipping fever pathogenesis. RBCV, SF
71  2000 Optimization of bovine coronavirus hemagglutinin-estrase glycoprotein expression in E3 deleted bovine adenovirus-3. BAV-3, BCV, gD, HCMV, IE
72  2000 Phylogenetic analysis of influenza C virus nonstructural (NS) protein genes and identification of the NS2 protein. NS
73  2000 Protection studies on winter dysentery caused by bovine coronavirus in cattle using antigens prepared from infected cell lysates. BCV, CL, HA, HI, SN
74  2000 Temperature-sensitive acetylesterase activity of haemagglutinin-esterase specified by respiratory bovine coronaviruses. AE, BSM, EBCV, LSU, OK, PNPA, RBCV
75  1999 Antigenic variation among bovine enteric coronaviruses (BECV) and bovine respiratory coronaviruses (BRCV) detected using monoclonal antibodies. BCV, BECV, BRCV, CD, HI, IF, mAbs, WD
76  1999 Identification of a coronavirus hemagglutinin-esterase with a substrate specificity different from those of influenza C virus and bovine coronavirus. MHV, PV
77  1999 Location of a linear epitope recognized by monoclonal antibody S16 on the hemagglutinin-esterase glycoprotein of influenza C virus. SV40, WT
78  1999 The hemagglutinin-esterase of mouse hepatitis virus strain S is a sialate-4-O-acetylesterase. MHV-S
79  1999 The novel hemagglutinin-esterase genes of human torovirus and Breda virus. BRV, BRV-1, BRV-2, BTV, HTV, IEM
80  1998 Bovine torovirus: sequencing of the structural genes and expression of the nucleocapsid protein of Breda virus. BEV, BRV, BTV, HTV, ORF
81  1998 Characterization of haemagglutinin-esterase protein (HE) of murine corona virus DVIM by monoclonal antibodies. DVIM, mAbs
82  1998 Coronavirus envelope glycoprotein assembly complexes. BCV, MHV-A59
83  1998 Expression of hemagglutinin/esterase by a mouse hepatitis virus coronavirus defective-interfering RNA alters viral pathogenesis. CAT, DI, MHV, p.i
84  1998 Haemagglutinin-esterase protein (HE) of murine corona virus: DVIM (diarrhea virus of infant mice). AE, alpha-NA, BSM, DVIM, p-NiA
85  1998 Primary structures of hemagglutinin-esterase and spike glycoproteins of murine coronavirus DVIM. DVIM, MHVs
86  1998 Using a defective-interfering RNA system to express the HE protein of mouse hepatitis virus for studying viral pathogenesis. CAT, d p.i, DI, MHV
87  1997 Characterization of monoclonal antibodies to the hemagglutinin-esterase glycoprotein of a bovine coronavirus associated with winter dysentery and cross-reactivity to field isolates. BCV, HAI, mAbs, NCD, WD
88  1997 Evolutionary analysis of influenza C virus M genes. ---
89  1997 Protein interactions during coronavirus assembly. BCV
90  1997 The murine coronavirus mouse hepatitis virus strain A59 from persistently infected murine cells exhibits an extended host range. BHK, MHV-A59, sMHVR, ST
91  1997 [Evolutionary analysis of the hemagglutinin-esterase (HE) gene of influenza C virus]. ---
92  1997 [Influenza virus genome structure and encoded proteins]. HA, NA
93  1997 [The structure and function of the HE protein of influenza C virus]. ---
94  1996 Evolution of the haemagglutinin-esterase gene of influenza C virus. ---
95  1996 Frequent occurrence of genetic reassortment between influenza C virus strains in nature. ---
96  1996 The JHM strain of mouse hepatitis virus induces a spike protein-specific Db-restricted cytotoxic T cell response. CTL, MHV, sm
97  1995 Biological and molecular differentiation between coronaviruses associated with neonatal calf diarrhoea and winter dysentery in adult cattle. WD
98  1995 Comparison of bovine coronavirus isolates associated with neonatal calf diarrhoea and winter dysentery in adult dairy cattle in Quebec. HI, NCD, WD
99  1995 Coronavirus defective-interfering RNA as an expression vector: the generation of a pseudorecombinant mouse hepatitis virus expressing hemagglutinin-esterase. DI, MHV
100  1995 Identification of influenza C virus phosphoproteins. NP