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Abbreviation : LIV
Long Form : lowest instrumented vertebra
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2018 Additional Risk Factors for Adding-On After Selective Thoracic Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Implication of Lowest Instrumented Vertebra Angle and Lumbosacral Takeoff. AD, AIS, CSVL, LIV-H, LSTO, STF, SV
2018 Coronal Decompensation After Posterior-only Thoracolumbar Hemivertebra Resection and Short Fusion in Young Children With Congenital Scoliosis. HV
2018 Coronal Imbalance after Three-column Osteotomy in Thoracolumbar Congenital Kyphoscoliosis: Incidence and Risk Factors. C7PL, CI, CKS
2018 Criteria for Ending the Distal Fusion at the L3 Vertebra vs. L4 in Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients with Lenke Type 3C, 5C, and 6C Curves: Results After Ten Years of Follow-up. AP, SRS-22, TrUGA
2018 Drivers of Cervical Deformity Have a Strong Influence on Achieving Optimal Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes at 1 Year After Cervical Deformity Surgery. CD, CTJ, HRQL, PD
2018 Effects of Spinal Fusion for Idiopathic Scoliosis on Lower Body Kinematics During Gait. PSFI, ROM
2018 Impact of Iliac Instrumentation on the Quality of Life of Patients With Adult Spine Deformity. ASD, COMI, HRQoL, ODI, SF-36, SRS-22
2018 Low-Density Pedicle Screw Constructs for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Evaluation of Effectiveness and Cost. HD, LD
2018 Lowest Instrumented Vertebrae Selection for Posterior Fusion of Lenke 5C Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Can We Stop the Fusion One Level Proximal to Lower-end Vertebra? AIS, LEV
10  2018 Natural History of Postoperative Adding-On in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: What Are the Risk Factors for Progressive Adding-On? AIS, SSV
11  2018 Optimal Lowest Instrumented Vertebra for Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS, AO, CSVL, DJK, NV-0, PSSIF, SV-1
12  2018 Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Characteristics of the "Adding-On" Phenomenon in Idiopathic Scoliosis After Correction Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. AIS, CI, CSVL, ES, IS, LC, MTC, OR, PTC, RSH, WMD
13  2018 Preventing Distal Junctional Kyphosis by Applying the Stable Sagittal Vertebra Concept to Selective Thoracic Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. DJK, PSVL, SSV
14  2018 Primary Drivers of Adult Cervical Deformity: Prevalence, Variations in Presentation, and Effect of Surgical Treatment Strategies on Early Postoperative Alignment. ACD, PDs, PI-LL, SVA
15  2018 Relationships Between the Axial Derotation of the Lower Instrumented Vertebra and Uninstrumented Lumbar Curve Correction: Radiographic Outcome in Lenke 1 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis With a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up. AIS
16  2018 Selecting the lowest instrumented vertebra in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Comparison of the Lenke, Suk, and Dubousset criteria. AIS
17  2018 Selecting the LSTV as the Lower Instrumented Vertebra in the Treatment of Lenke Types 1A and 2A Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Minimal 3-year Follow-up. CSVL, LSTV
18  2018 Selection of distal fusion level in terms of distal junctional kyphosis in Scheuermann kyphosis. A comparison of 3 methods. DJK, FLV, LEV, SK, SSV, TK
19  2018 Spontaneous correction of coronal imbalance after selective thoracolumbar-lumbar fusion in patients with Lenke-5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. AIS, SLF, TL/L
20  2018 When Do Patients Return to Physical Activities and Athletics After Scoliosis Surgery?: A Validated Patient Questionnaire Based Study. AIS, BMI, PSF, SAQ
21  2017 Advantages and Disadvantages of Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery and Its Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life. ASD, HRQoL, SRS-22
22  2017 Distal Adding-on and Risk Factors in Severe and Rigid Scoliosis. LTV, MTC
23  2017 Distal adding-on phenomenon in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with thoracolumbar vertebra fusion: A case-control study. AIS, AV, SRS
24  2017 Distal Fusion Level Selection in Scheuermann's Kyphosis: A Comparison of Lordotic Disc Segment Versus the Sagittal Stable Vertebrae. DJK, SK, SSV
25  2017 Distal junctional kyphosis in patients with Scheuermann's disease: a retrospective radiographic analysis. LL, PI, PT, SS, SVA, TK
26  2017 Effect of Direct Vertebral Rotation on the Uninstrumented Lumbar Curve in Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. DVR
27  2017 End Vertebra Versus Apical Vertebra: Where are We More Likely to Misplace in Spine Deformity? CT, UIV
28  2017 Importance of Distal Fusion Level in Major Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Treated by Rod Derotation and Direct Vertebral Rotation Following Pedicle Screw Instrumentation. AIS, DVR, PSI, RD, TL/L
29  2017 Onset and remodeling of coronal imbalance after selective posterior thoracic fusion for Lenke 1C and 2C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (a pilot study). AIS, IPCD, MT, PCBR, SV, TLL
30  2017 Pedicle Screw Loosening After Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in Upper and Lower Instrumented Vertebrae Having Major Perforation. AIS, CT, ORs, UIV
31  2017 Posterior Versus Three-Column Osteotomy for Late Correction of Residual Coronal Deformity in Patients With Previous Fusions for Idiopathic Scoliosis. PCO
32  2017 Predictors of Distal Adding-on in Thoracic Major Curves With AR Lumbar Modifiers. LSTV
33  2017 Radiological factors affecting post-operative global coronal balance in Lenke 5 C scoliosis. CB, UIV
34  2017 Selective versus hyperselective posterior fusions in Lenke 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: comparison of radiological and clinical outcomes. AIS, LTV, SV, UIV
35  2017 The radiographic parameter risk factors of rapid curve progression in Lenke 5 and 6 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A retrospective study. AIS, DAV, FLC, LC, PAV, RAV, TA
36  2016 Analysis of Segmental Mobility Following a Novel Posterior Apical Short-Segment Correction for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS
37  2016 Assessment of Lowest Instrumented Vertebra Tilt on Radiographic Measurements in Lenke "C" Modifier Curves Undergoing Selective Thoracic Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS
38  2016 Comparison of Functional Outcome and Quality of Life in Patients With Idiopathic Scoliosis Treated by Spinal Fusion. ROM, SRS-22
39  2016 Development of Validated Computer-based Preoperative Predictive Model for Proximal Junction Failure (PJF) or Clinically Significant PJK With 86% Accuracy Based on 510 ASD Patients With 2-year Follow-up. ASD, AUC, PI-LL, PJF, PJK, PT, SVA, TK, UIV
40  2016 Does It Make a Difference to Stop Fusion at L3 Versus L4 in Terms ofDisc and Facet Joint Degeneration: An MRI Study With Minimum 5Years Follow-up. DD, FJD, MRIs
41  2016 Does pedicle screw fixation under age 5 cause spinal canal narrowing? A CT study with minimum 5years follow-up. UIV
42  2016 Effect of Surgical Fusion on Volitional Weight-Shifting in Individuals With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS, PSFI
43  2016 Factors influencing radiographic and clinical outcomes in adult scoliosis surgery: a study of 448 European patients. AS, ASD, LC, LIV-TO, TC
44  2016 Lumbosacral Junctional Failures After Long Spinal Fusion for Adult Spinal Deformity-Which Vertebra Is the Preferred Distal Instrumented Vertebra? ---
45  2016 Postoperative Increase in Occiput-C2 Angle Negatively Impacts Subaxial Lordosis after Occipito-Upper Cervical Posterior Fusion Surgery. O-C2
46  2016 Predictive factors for a distal adjacent disorder with L3 as the lowest instrumented vertebra in Lenke 5C patients. DAD
47  2016 Selecting the Last "Substantially" Touching Vertebra as Lowest Instrumented Vertebra in Lenke Type 1A Curve: Radiographic Outcomes With a Minimum of 2-year Follow-Up. CSVL, LTV, nSTV
48  2016 Selection of distal fusion level in posterior instrumentation and fusion of Scheuermann kyphosis: is fusion to sagittal stable vertebra necessary? DJK, FLV, SK, SSV
49  2016 Selection of Lowest Instrumented Vertebra for Thoracolumbar Kyphosis in Ankylosing Spondylitis. AS, OV, PJK, PSO
50  2016 Short fusion strategy for thoracolumbar and lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis using anterior dual-rod instrumentation. AIS, LEV
51  2016 Utilizing the "Stable-to-be Vertebra" Saves Motion Segments in Growing Rods Treatment for Early-Onset Scoliosis. EOS, StbV, SV
52  2016 [RELATED FACTORS ANALYSIS OF DISTAL ADDING-ON PHENOMENON IN MAJOR THORACIC CURVE AFTER POSTERIOR SELECTIVE FUSION]. LEV, LTV, SV
53  2015 Cervical compensatory alignment changes following correction of adult thoracic deformity: a multicenter experience in 57 patients with a 2-year follow-up. CL, LL, PI, PT, SS, SVA, T1S, T1S-CL, TK, UIV
54  2015 Do Intraoperative LIV-Tilt and Disk Angle Remain Stable at 2-year Follow-up Compared With Upright Radiographs in Patients With Idiopathic Scoliosis?: A Retrospective Cohort Study. AIS, PSF
55  2015 Postoperative behavior of thoracolumbar/lumbar curve and coronal balance after posterior thoracic fusion for Lenke 1C and 2C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. AIS, STF, TLL
56  2015 Return to sports after surgery to correct adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a survey of the Spinal Deformity Study Group. AIS
57  2015 Risk factors of proximal junctional angle increase after selective posterior thoracolumbar/lumbar fusion in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. AIS, LL, PJA, SVA, TL/L, UIV
58  2015 Spinal deformity progression after posterior segmental instrumentation and fusion for idiopathic scoliosis. AVT, UIV
59  2015 The Effect of Time and Fusion Length on Motion of the Unfused Lumbar Segments in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS
60  2015 The Effects of Spinal Fusion on Lumbar Disc Degeneration in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Minimum 10-Year Follow-Up. AIS, DD, DUS
61  2014 Association of postoperative shoulder balance with adding-on in Lenke Type II adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. PSI
62  2014 Criteria for successful correction of thoracolumbar/lumbar curves in AIS patients: results of risk model calculations using target outcomes and failure analysis. ASF, LC, LIVDA, SLF, TC
63  2014 Disagreements in surgical planning still exist between spinal surgeons in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a multisurgeon assessment. AIS, UIV
64  2014 Distal Adding on in Lenke 1A Scoliosis: What Causes It? How Can It Be Prevented? CSVL
65  2014 Effect of Lowest Instrumented Vertebra on Trunk Mobility in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Undergoing a Posterior Spinal Fusion. AIS
66  2014 Intraoperative push-prone test: a useful technique to determine the lowest instrumented vertebra in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. AIS
67  2014 Lowest instrumented vertebrae selection for selective posterior fusion of moderate thoracolumbar/lumbar idiopathic scoliosis: lower-end vertebra or lower-end vertebra+1? TL/L
68  2014 Risk Factors for Coronal Decompensation After Posterior Spinal Instrumentation and Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS, LEV, PSIF
69  2014 Selection of lower instrumented vertebra in treating Lenke type 2A adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. LTV
70  2014 Surgical treatment of scoliosis in osteogenesis imperfecta with cement-augmented pedicle screw instrumentation. AVT, GCB, OI
71  2014 The progression of lumbar curves in adolescent Lenke 1 scoliosis and the distal adding-on phenomenon. AO, IAS, NV, SV
72  2013 Apical vertebral derotation in the posterior treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: myth or reality? AIS, MT
73  2013 Lowest instrumented vertebra selection for Lenke 5C scoliosis: a minimum 2-year radiographical follow-up. ---
74  2013 Posterior correction of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with pedicle screw instrumentation: results of 48 patients with minimal 10-year follow-up. AIS
75  2013 Postoperative distal adding-on and related factors in Lenke type 1A curve. LIV-LTV, SV
76  2013 Preoperative pelvic axial rotation: a possible predictor for postoperative coronal decompensation in thoracolumbar/lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. AIS, PAR, TL/L
77  2013 Traction X-ray under general anesthesia helps to save motion segment in treatment of Lenke type 3C and 6C curves. CSVL, GOS, SRS-22, TrUGA, TXR
78  2012 Does the lower instrumented vertebra have an effect on lumbar mobility, subjective perception of trunk flexibility, and quality of life in patients with idiopathic scoliosis treated by spinal fusion? LBPI, SRS, TF
79  2012 Extensive fusion for Lenke 3C and 6C scoliosis: a two year radiographic follow-up. AP, PACSs
80  2012 Lowest instrumented vertebra selection in Lenke 3C and 6C scoliosis: what if we choose lumbar apical vertebra as distal fusion end? AP, LAV
81  2012 Postoperative spinal alignment remodeling in Lenke 1C scoliosis treated with selective thoracic fusion. AIS, AV
82  2012 Postoperative trunk shift in Lenke 1C scoliosis: what causes it? How can it be prevented? AIS, AV-CSVL, LIV-LEV
83  2012 Quantification of intradiscal pressures below thoracolumbar spinal fusion constructs: is there evidence to support "saving a level"? IDPs
84  2012 Upper instrumented vertebral fractures in long lumbar fusions: what are the associated risk factors? UIV
85  2011 Analysis of radiographic parameters relevant to the lowest instrumented vertebrae and postoperative coronal balance in Lenke 5C patients. TL/L
86  2011 Determination of lowest instrumented vertebra by the location of apical vertebra in Lenke type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. ---
87  2011 Lowest instrumented vertebra selection in AIS. ---
88  2011 Prediction of postoperative trunk imbalance after posterior spinal fusion with pedicle screw fixation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. AIS, CSVL
89  2011 Selective thoracic fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: factors influencing the selection of the optimal lowest instrumented vertebra. AIS, EV, SAE, SBE, SLCC, SV
90  2011 Using side-bending radiographs to determine the distal fusion level in patients with single thoracic idiopathic scoliosis undergoing posterior correction with pedicle screws. ---
91  2010 Selective anterior thoracolumbar/lumbar fusion and instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. AIS, RSH, TL/L
92  2010 [Analysis of posterior pedicle screw-only constructs in surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with a minimum three-year follow-up]. AIS, CSVL
93  2010 [Treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with posterior simultaneous correction by bilateral corrective rod on the convex and concave sides]. AIS
94  2009 Comparison of surgical treatment in Lenke 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: anterior dual rod versus posterior pedicle fixation surgery: a comparison of two practices. AIS
95  2009 Posterior pedicle screws combined with shortening and release techniques for lumbar and thoracolumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. CSVL
96  2009 Retrospective analysis of anterior correction and fusion for adolescent idiopathic thoracolumbar/lumbar scoliosis: the relationship between preserving mobile segments and trunk balance. AIS, LEV
97  2009 Selection of the optimal distal fusion level in posterior instrumentation and fusion for thoracic hyperkyphosis: the sagittal stable vertebra concept. ---
98  2009 Selective thoracic surgery in the Lenke type 1A: King III and King IV type curves. EV, NV, SV
99  2009 [Selective anterior thoracolumbar or lumbar fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis]. AIS, TL/L, UIVDA
100  2008 Is the lumbar modifier useful in surgical decision making?: defining two distinct Lenke 1A curve patterns. AIS