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Abbreviation : MAC
Long Form : minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2012 The effect of intravenous labetalol administration on hemodynamic responses during desflurane inhalation. DBP, et-des, HR, MAP, SBP
2011 [Anesthetic mechanisms in the spinal cord]. ---
2010 Reduced immobilizing properties of isoflurane and nitrous oxide in mutant mice lacking the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor GluR(epsilon)1 subunit are caused by the secondary effects of gene knockout. NMDA
2010 The influence of endotoxemia on the electroencephalographic and antinociceptive effects of isoflurane in a swine model. EEG
2010 Transgenic Alzheimer mice have a larger minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration of isoflurane than their nontransgenic littermates. ---
2009 Does the choice of the halogenated anesthetic influence renal function during hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation? ---
2009 Increasing the duration of isoflurane anesthesia decreases the minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration in 7-day-old but not in 60-day-old rats. ---
2009 Nitrous oxide-induced analgesia does not influence nitrous oxide's immobilizing requirements. HPL, TFL
2009 Rat dorsal horn nociceptive-specific neurons are more sensitive than wide dynamic range neurons to depression by immobilizing doses of volatile anesthetics: an effect partially reversed by the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone. NS, WDR
10  2009 The electrocortical effects of enflurane: experiment and theory. EPSP, IPSP, LFP, PEDs
11  2009 The shivering threshold in rabbits with JM-1232(-), a new benzodiazepine receptor agonist. GABAA
12  2008 Enflurane requirement for blocking adrenergic responses to incision in infants and children. HR, MAP
13  2008 Gastric mucosal perfusion in dogs: effects of halogenated anesthetics and of hemorrhage. ---
14  2008 Inhaled anesthetics do not combine to produce synergistic effects regarding minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration in rats. ---
15  2007 Isoflurane bidirectionally modulates the paired-pulse responses in the rat hippocampal CA1 field in vivo. EPSP, PPF, PSA
16  2007 Ketamine does not increase pulmonary vascular resistance in children with pulmonary hypertension undergoing sevoflurane anesthesia and spontaneous ventilation. ---
17  2007 Landiolol, an ultra short-acting beta1-adrenoceptor antagonist, does not alter the minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration of isoflurane in a swine model. ---
18  2007 Neurons in the ventral spinal cord are more depressed by isoflurane, halothane, and propofol than are neurons in the dorsal spinal cord. ---
19  2006 Chirality in anesthesia I: minimum alveolar concentration of secondary alcohol enantiomers. ---
20  2006 Comparing the relaxing effects of desflurane and sevoflurane on oxytocin-induced contractions of isolated myometrium in both pregnant and nonpregnant rats. ---
21  2006 Differential modulation of human N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors by structurally diverse general anesthetics. NMDA
22  2006 Naloxone does not increase the minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration of sevoflurane in mice. ---
23  2006 The differential effects of halothane and isoflurane on windup of dorsal horn neurons selected in unanesthetized decerebrated rats. ---
24  2005 Administration of epinephrine does not increase learning of fear to tone in rats anesthetized with isoflurane or desflurane. i.p
25  2005 Digital skin blood flow as an indicator for intravascular injection of epinephrine-containing simulated epidural test dose in sevoflurane-anesthetized adults. DSBF, HR, SBP
26  2005 Effects of nitrous oxide on spike activity on electrocorticogram under sevoflurane anesthesia in epileptic patients. ECoG
27  2005 Increased progesterone production during the luteal phase of menstruation may decrease anesthetic requirement. MAC-h
28  2005 Isoflurane preserves energy balance in isolated hepatocytes during in vitro anoxia/reoxygenation. ---
29  2005 Large concentrations of nitrous oxide decrease the isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration sparing effect of morphine in the rat. ---
30  2005 Sevoflurane impairs cerebral blood flow autoregulation in rats: reversal by nonselective nitric oxide synthase inhibition. CBF, NO
31  2005 The effects of sevoflurane and hyperventilation on electrocorticogram spike activity in patients with refractory epilepsy. ECoG
32  2005 The minimum infusion rate (MIR) of propofol for total intravenous anesthesia after premedication with xylazine in horses. IPPV, MIR, TIVA
33  2005 The short-acting beta1-adrenoceptor antagonists esmolol and landiolol suppress the bispectral index response to tracheal intubation during sevoflurane anesthesia. BIS
34  2004 Determining minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration of halothane in rats: the effect of incremental change in halothane concentration and number of crossovers. NP
35  2004 Does halothane really preserve cardiac baroreflex better than sevoflurane? A noninvasive study of spontaneous baroreflex in children anesthetized with sevoflurane versus halothane. BP, RRI, SBR
36  2004 Inhibition of spinal protein kinase C-epsilon or -gamma isozymes does not affect halothane minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration in rats. PKC
37  2004 Isoflurane depresses windup of C fiber-evoked limb withdrawal with variable effects on nociceptive lumbar spinal neurons in rats. ---
38  2004 The soluble guanylyl cyclase inhibitor ODQ, 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one, dose-dependently reduces the threshold for isoflurane anesthesia in rats. NO
39  2004 Xenon and isoflurane differentially modulate lipopolysaccharide-induced activation of the nuclear transcription factor KB and production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 in monocytes. IL, LPS, NF, TNF
40  2003 Alpha-2 adrenoreceptors probably do not mediate the immobility produced by inhaled anesthetics. ---
41  2003 Epidural clonidine suppresses the baroreceptor-sympathetic response depending on isoflurane concentrations in cats. CSNA, HR, MAP
42  2003 Glycine receptors mediate part of the immobility produced by inhaled anesthetics. ---
43  2003 Isoflurane depresses diffuse noxious inhibitory controls in rats between 0.8 and 1.2 minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration. DNIC
44  2003 MAC reduction after intrathecal coadministration of GABA(A) agonist and glutamate antagonist in rats. NMDA
45  2003 Minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration of isoflurane with different xenon concentrations in Swine. Xe
46  2003 Mutation of KCNK5 or Kir3.2 potassium channels in mice does not change minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration. ---
47  2003 Orexin a elicits arousal electroencephalography without sympathetic cardiovascular activation in isoflurane-anesthetized rats. EEG
48  2003 Peri-MAC depression of a nociceptive withdrawal reflex is accompanied by reduced dorsal horn activity with halothane but not isoflurane. ---
49  2003 Spinal N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors may contribute to the immobilizing action of isoflurane. i.c.v, i.t, NMDA
50  2003 The effects of enflurane, isoflurane, and intravenous anesthetics on rat diaphragmatic function and fatigability. ---
51  2003 The use of the potassium channel activator riluzole to test whether potassium channels mediate the capacity of isoflurane to produce immobility. ---
52  2002 Duration of preoperative fast correlates with arterial blood pressure response to halothane in infants. ---
53  2002 Issues in the design and interpretation of minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration (MAC) studies. ---
54  2002 Oral tizanidine, an alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist, reduces the minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane in human adults. ---
55  2002 Pulmonary-to-systemic blood flow ratio effects of sevoflurane, isoflurane, halothane, and fentanyl/midazolam with 100% oxygen in children with congenital heart disease. ---
56  2002 Sevoflurane provides faster recovery and postoperative neurological assessment than isoflurane in long-duration neurosurgical cases. ISO, SEVO
57  2002 The differential effect of halothane and 1,2-dichlorohexafluorocyclobutane on in vitro muscle contractures of patients susceptible to malignant hyperthermia. MH, MHS, RY1
58  2002 The effect of isoflurane on neutrophil selectin and beta(2)-integrin activation in vitro. fMLP, PMA, PSGL-1
59  2002 The hypnotic and analgesic effects of oral clonidine during sevoflurane anesthesia in children: a dose-response study. ---
60  2002 The minimum local anesthetic concentration of ropivacaine for caudal analgesia in children. CI
61  2002 The repolarizing effects of volatile anesthetics on porcine tracheal and bronchial smooth muscle cells. ---
62  2002 Vascular responsiveness to brachial artery infusions of phenylephrine during isoflurane and desflurane anesthesia. ---
63  2001 A comparison of the transient hyperemic response test and the static autoregulation test to assess graded impairment in cerebral autoregulation during propofol, desflurane, and nitrous oxide anesthesia. SA, sROR, THR, THRR
64  2001 Effect of the deficiency of spinal PSD-95/SAP90 on the minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration of isoflurane in rats. NMDA, ODN, PSD-95, SAP90
65  2001 Modulation of NMDA receptor function by ketamine and magnesium. Part II: interactions with volatile anesthetics. NMDA
66  2001 The effect of rigidity, shape, unsaturation, and length on the anesthetic potency of hydrocarbons. ---
67  2001 The effects of 30% and 60% xenon inhalation on pial vessel diameter and intracranial pressure in rabbits. ICP
68  2001 Values of the bispectral index do not parallel the hemodynamic response to the rapid increase in isoflurane concentration. BIS, HR, MAP
69  2001 [Cerebral autoregulation during sevoflurane or isoflurane anesthesia: evaluation with transient hyperemic response]. VMCA
70  2000 Inhaled anesthetics have hyperalgesic effects at 0.1 minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration. ---
71  2000 Sevoflurane and isoflurane do not enhance the pre- and postischemic eicosanoid production in guinea pig hearts. AA, TXA2
72  2000 Supraspinal, not spinal, alpha(2) adrenoceptors are involved in the anesthetic-sparing and hemodynamic-stabilizing effects of systemic clonidine in rats. i.c, i.c.v, i.t, MAC-BAR
73  2000 The anticonvulsant effects of volatile anesthetics on lidocaine-induced seizures in cats. R-MUA
74  2000 The anticonvulsant effects of volatile anesthetics on penicillin-induced status epilepticus in cats. ---
75  2000 The epileptogenic properties of the volatile anesthetics sevoflurane and isoflurane in patients with epilepsy. ---
76  2000 [The effect of sevoflurane and enflurane on renal sympathetic nerve activity in sinoaortic denerved rabbits]. RSNA
77  1999 Different effects of volatile anesthetics and polyhalogenated alkanes on depolarization-evoked glutamate release in rat cortical brain slices. ---
78  1999 Dynamic cerebral autoregulation during sevoflurane anesthesia: a comparison with isoflurane. dRoR
79  1999 Effects of one minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration sevoflurane on cerebral metabolism, blood flow, and CO2 reactivity in cardiac patients. CBF
80  1999 Halothane minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration and neuronal nitric oxide synthase activity of the dorsal horn and the locus ceruleus in rats. 7-NI, nNOS, NOS
81  1999 Hypothesis: volatile anesthetics produce immobility by acting on two sites approximately five carbon atoms apart. ---
82  1999 Intrathecal co-administration of NMDA antagonist and NK-1 antagonist reduces MAC of isoflurane in rats. AMPA, mGlu, NK-1, NMDA, SP
83  1999 Isoflurane administration before ischemia and during reperfusion attenuates ischemia/reperfusion-induced injury of isolated rabbit lungs. IR, Rt
84  1999 Isoflurane reduces N-methyl-D-aspartate toxicity in vivo in the rat cerebral cortex. EEG, NMDA
85  1999 Low-flow anesthesia and reduced animal size increase carboxyhemoglobin levels in swine during desflurane and isoflurane breakdown in dried soda lime. CO, COHb, FGF
86  1999 Methylene blue, a soluble guanylyl cyclase inhibitor, reduces the sevoflurane minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration and decreases the brain cyclic guanosine monophosphate content in rats. i.c.v, MB, NO, sGC
87  1999 Middle latency auditory evoked responses and electroencephalographic derived variables do not predict movement to noxious stimulation during 1 minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration isoflurane/nitrous oxide anesthesia. EEG, MLAER
88  1999 Minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration of fluorinated alkanols in rats: relevance to theories of narcosis. ---
89  1999 Minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration of volatile anesthetics in normal and cardiomyopathic hamsters. ---
90  1999 Mouse strain modestly influences minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration and convulsivity of inhaled compounds. ---
91  1999 Polyhalogenated methyl ethyl ethers: solubilities and anesthetic properties. ---
92  1999 Pretreatment with dexmedetomidine: altered indices of anesthetic depth for halothane in the neuraxis of cats. CNS, EEG
93  1999 The combined effects of halothane and lamotrigine on excitatory postsynaptic potentials and use-dependent block in the rat dentate gyrus in vitro. EPSPs, UDB
94  1999 The effects of clonidine premedication on sevoflurane requirements and anesthetic induction time. ET, VCRII time
95  1999 Tracheal extubation of deeply anesthetized pediatric patients: a comparison of isoflurane and sevoflurane. ---
96  1998 A molecular description of how noble gases and nitrogen bind to a model site of anesthetic action. ---
97  1998 Decreased mivacurium requirements and delayed neuromuscular recovery during sevoflurane anesthesia in children and adults. PChE, TOF
98  1998 Desflurane and nitrous oxide, but not nonimmobilizers, affect nociceptive responses. TFL
99  1998 Desflurane and the nonimmobilizer 1,2-dichlorohexafluorocyclobutane suppress learning by a mechanism independent of the level of unconditioned stimulation. ---
100  1998 Disparity of isoflurane effects on left and right ventricular afterload and hydraulic power generation in swine. LV, PA, PRSW, RV