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Abbreviation : MF
Long Form : multifidus
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 Anticipatory postural control differs between low back pain and pelvic girdle pain patients in the absence of visual feedback. APA, BF, EO, GM, IO
2020 Biopsy samples from the erector spinae of persons with nonspecific chronic low back pain display a decrease in glycolytic muscle fibers. ES, LBP, NSCLBP, rCSA
2020 Effects of Different Sling Settings on Electromyographic Activities of Selected Trunk Muscles: A Preliminary Research. EMG, ES, GMax, GMed, LBP, LSLS, MPF, PLS, RA, RSLS, SLS, TA
2020 Morphologic Characteristics of the Deep Cervical Paraspinal Muscles in Patients with Single-Level Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy. CSA, CSM, LC, LCap, SSC
2019 A passive exoskeleton reduces peak and mean EMG during symmetric and asymmetric lifting. AEO, BF, EMG, IL, LT, VL
2019 Cervical Rotator Muscle Activity With Eye Movement at Different Speeds is Distorted in Whiplash. EMG, FP, OI, SC, SCM, WADs
2019 Does athletic groin pain affect the muscular co-contraction during a change of direction. AEMG, AL, CCR, GM
2019 Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry and Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis are Beneficial Tools for Measuring the Trunk Muscle Mass of Patients with Low Back Pain. BIA, CSA, DXA, ES, LBP, MRI, PM
2019 Effects of upper-extremity movements on electromyographic activities of selected trunk muscles during leaning forward. EMG, ES, IO, RA
10  2019 Investigation of Electromyographic Activity of Pelvic Floor Muscles in Different Body Positions to Prevent Urinary Incontinence. IO, PFM
11  2019 Longitudinal Analysis of Paraspinal Muscle Cross-Sectional Area During Early Adulthood - A 10-Year Follow-Up MRI Study. CSA, ES, PSM, TMA
12  2019 Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Morphological Change of Paraspinal Muscles in Girls With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS, ANOVA, ES, PSM, SI
13  2019 Negative Effects of Long-duration Spaceflight on Paraspinal Muscle Morphology. CSA, ES, PS, QL
14  2019 The correlation analysis between sagittal alignment and cross-sectional area of paraspinal muscle in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis. AveCSA, BIA, CL, CSA, DS, LL, LSS, PI, PS, PT, SMM, SS, TK
15  2019 Trunk muscle activity during trunk stabilizing exercise with isometric hip rotation using electromyography and ultrasound. AC, ASLR, EO, IO, MVC, TrA
16  2018 Comparison of Selective Local and Global Muscle Thicknesses in Females with and without Chronic Low Back Pain. GMed, LBP, QL, TrA
17  2018 Effects of deep breathing on internal oblique and multifidus muscle activity in three sitting postures. EO, IO
18  2018 Lumbar Muscle Activation Pattern During Forward and Backward Walking in Participants With and Without Chronic Low Back Pain: An Electromyographic Study. BW, CLBP, ES, ES, FW, MVIC
19  2018 Muscle quality characteristics of muscles in the thigh, upper arm and lower back in elderly men and women. BF, EI, RF, TB
20  2018 Reliability of measuring the fat content of the lumbar vertebral marrow and paraspinal muscles using MRI mDIXON-Quant sequence. ES, MRI, PS
21  2018 Scapular muscle balance and spinal stabilizer recruitment during an inverted row. BB, EMG, EO, IR, LD, LT, LTP, MTP, MVIC, PD, RA, SA, SIS, UTP
22  2018 The association between back muscle characteristics and pressure pain sensitivity in low back pain patients. BMI, CSA, ES, LBP, MFI
23  2018 The Influence of Lumbar Muscle Volume on Curve Progression After Skeletal Maturity in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: ALong-Term Follow-up Study. AIS, CSA, ES, PM, SI, TL/L
24  2018 The Influence of Lumbar Muscle Volume on Curve Progression After Skeletal Maturity in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: ALong-Term Follow-up Study. AIS, CSA, ES, PM, SI, TL/L
25  2018 Water-filled training tubes increase core muscle activation and somatosensory control of balance during squat. BB, CE, COP, EO, OE, RA, WT
26  2017 Analysis of correlation between degeneration of lower lumbar paraspinal muscles and spinopelvic alignment in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture. ES, LLL, OVCF
27  2017 Association Between Paraspinal Muscle Morphology, Clinical Symptoms, and Functional Status in Patients With Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy. CSA, DCM, NDI, SCap, SCer, SPL
28  2017 Is the clinical cervical extensor endurance test capable of differentiating the local and global muscles? CNP, NDI, SpCap, SSCap, SSCer, US, VAS
29  2017 Lumbar muscle structure and function in chronic versus recurrent low back pain: a cross-sectional study. CLBP, ES, LBP, MRI, RLBP
30  2017 Manually defining regions of interest when quantifying paravertebral muscles fatty infiltration from axial magnetic resonance imaging: a proposed method for the lumbar spine with anatomical cross-reference. ES, LBP, MRI, ROI
31  2017 Self-Managed Exercises, Fitness and Strength Training, and Multifidus Muscle Size in Elite Footballers. AFL, LBP
32  2017 Test-retest reliability of measurements of abdominal and multifidus muscles using ultrasound imaging in adults aged 50-79 years. CSA, ICC, SEM, USI
33  2017 The side of chronic low back pain matters: evidence from the primary motor cortex excitability and the postural adjustments of multifidi muscles. APA, CLBP
34  2017 Trunk muscle activation characteristics in patients with severe haemophilia. IO, PWH
35  2016 Analysis of muscle activity during active pelvic tilting in sagittal plane. ES, TrA
36  2016 Association between altered motor control of trunk muscles and head and neck injuries in elite footballers - An exploratory study. AFL
37  2016 Cross-sectional area of human trunk paraspinal muscles before and after posterior lumbar surgery using magnetic resonance imaging. CSAs, ES, MR, PLS
38  2016 Do Trunk Muscles Affect the Lumbar Interbody Fusion Rate?: Correlation of Trunk Muscle Cross Sectional Area and Fusion Rates after Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Stand-Alone Cage. ES, MCSA, PLIF, PS
39  2016 Electromyographic Changes in Trunk Muscles During Graded Lumbar Stabilization Exercises. EO, ES, RA
40  2016 Fatty Degeneration of the Paraspinal Muscle in Patients With Degenerative Lumbar Kyphosis: A New Evaluation Method of Quantitative Digital Analysis Using MRI and CT Scan. DLK, ES
41  2016 Lumbar paraspinal muscle morphometry and its correlations with demographic and radiological factors in adult isthmic spondylolisthesis: a retrospective review of 120 surgically managed cases. CSAs, ES, IS
42  2016 Measuring ultrasound images of abdominal and lumbar multifidus muscles in older adults: A reliability study. CSA, ICC, US
43  2016 Pelvic floor muscle contraction and abdominal hollowing during walking can selectively activate local trunk stabilizing muscles. AH, EO, LES, MVC, PFMC, RA, TES, TrA-IO
44  2016 Relation of Deep Paraspinal Muscles' Cross-Sectional Area of the Cervical Spine and Bone Union in Anterior Cervical Decompression and Fusion: A Retrospective Study. ACDF, CSA, DPMs, Lca, Lco, SSC
45  2016 Slackline training and neuromuscular performance in seniors: A randomized controlled trial. GM, INT, INT, PA, RA, SOL, TIB
46  2016 The paravertebral muscle and psoas for the maintenance of global spinal alignment in patient with degenerative lumbar scoliosis. avCSA, BMI, CSA, DLS, DXA, LSS, MRIs, PEF, PS
47  2015 Enhanced muscle activity during lumbar extension exercise with pelvic stabilization. IL
48  2015 Intra-Rater Reliability of Rehabilitative Ultrasound Imaging for Multifidus Muscles Thickness and Cross Section Area in Healthy Subjects. CI, CSAs, ICCs, Lt, PFM, Rt, RUSI, SEM, TA
49  2015 MRI assessment of paraspinal muscles in patients with acute and chronic unilateral low back pain. CSA, ES, LBP, PM
50  2015 Muscle Activity of Abdominal and Back Muscles during Six Starting Positions in Untrained Individuals. ANOVA, CLR, EMG, ES, MVIC, RA, SG
51  2015 Perceived body discomfort and trunk muscle activity in three prolonged sitting postures. ICL, IO, TrA
52  2015 The addition of synchronous whole-body vibration to battling rope exercise increases skeletal muscle activity. BB, EMG, GM, RA, TB, VL, VMO, WBV
53  2015 The influences of position and forced respiratory maneuvers on spinal stability muscles. CB, DB, EO, ES, FRM, PLB, RA, RMET
54  2015 Trunk muscles activation pattern during walking in subjects with and without chronic low back pain: a systematic review. EMG, EO, ES, RA
55  2014 Adaptation of muscles of the lumbar spine to sudden imbalance in patients with lower back pain caused by military training. ES, IRR, LBP, RRT
56  2014 Can motor control training lower the risk of injury for professional football players? AFL, OR
57  2014 Co-contractive activation of the superficial multifidus during volitional preemptive abdominal contraction. ABM, ADIM, VPAC
58  2014 Comparison between muscle activation measured by electromyography and muscle thickness measured using ultrasonography for effective muscle assessment. EMG, EO, MMT, MVC, RMS, US
59  2014 Effects of integrating hip movements into bridge exercises on electromyographic activities of selected trunk muscles in healthy individuals. EMG, ES, OI, RA
60  2014 Effects of whole-body vibration with an unstable surface on muscle activation. GM, RA, sEMG, VL, VMO, WBV
61  2014 Trunk stabilizer muscle activity during manual lifting with and without back belt use in experienced workers. EMG, EO, ES, IO, RA, TrA
62  2013 Association between radiculopathy and lumbar multifidus atrophy in magnetic resonance imaging. BiR, MRI, Non-rad, Rad, UniR
63  2013 Effects of abdominal hollowing during stair climbing on the activations of local trunk stabilizing muscles: a cross-sectional study. AH, EO, MVC, TrA-IO
64  2013 Effects of stabilization exercise using a ball on mutifidus cross-sectional area in patients with chronic low back pain. CSA, CT
65  2013 Integrating arm movement into bridge exercise: Effect on EMG activity of selected trunk muscles. EMG, ES, IO, RA
66  2013 MR-defined fat infiltration of the lumbar paravertebral muscles differs between non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis and established ankylosing spondylitis. AS, CSA, ES, MRI, MVr, nr-axSpA, PS
67  2013 The effects of sling exercise using vibration on trunk muscle activities of healthy adults. ES, IO, RA
68  2012 Cervico-ocular coordination during neck rotation is distorted in people with whiplash-associated disorders. EMG, OI, SC, WAD
69  2012 Comparison of trunk muscle activity during bridging exercises using a sling in patients with low back pain. BBE, BSE, ES, IO, LBP, MVIC, NBE, RA, sEMG
70  2012 Increased intramuscular fatty infiltration without differences in lumbar muscle cross-sectional area during remission of unilateral recurrent low back pain. CSA, ES, LBP, MFI, MRI, PS
71  2012 Spinous process-splitting open pedicle screw fusion provides favorable results in patients with low back discomfort and pain compared to conventional open pedicle screw fixation over 1year after surgery. JOA, PSF, RDQ, SPS, VAS
72  2011 Muscle atrophy and changes in spinal morphology: is the lumbar spine vulnerable after prolonged bed-rest? CSAs, LBP
73  2011 Muscular response to physiologic tensile stretch of the caprine c5/6 facet joint capsule: dynamic recruitment thresholds and latencies. FJC, LC, SM, TR
74  2009 Mini-open versus conventional open posterior lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis: comparison of paraspinal muscle damage and slip reduction. PLIF
75  2009 Strain and load thresholds for cervical muscle recruitment in response to quasi-static tensile stretch of the caprine C5-C6 facet joint capsule. FJC, LC, SM, TR
76  2008 The lumbar spine and low back pain in golf: a literature review of swing biomechanics and injury prevention. LBP, TA
77  2005 Effect of gaze direction on neck muscle activity during cervical rotation. EMG, OI, SC, SCM
78  2005 Statistical modelling of fatigue-related electromyographic median frequency characteristics of back and hip muscles during a standardized isometric back extension test. BF, EMG, GM, ILT, LD, LTT
79  2002 Differences in electromyographic activity in the multifidus muscle and the iliocostalis lumborum between healthy subjects and patients with sub-acute and chronic low back pain. EMG, ICLT
80  2001 Intra-operator and inter-operator reliability of surface electromyography in the clinical evaluation of back muscles. EMG, ICLT
81  2000 Correlation between the MRI changes in the lumbar multifidus muscles and leg pain. LBP, MRI
82  1997 Feedforward contraction of transversus abdominis is not influenced by the direction of arm movement. EMG, OE, OI, RA, TrA