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Abbreviation : PD
Long Form : phosphodiester
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2019 G-Quadruplex Structure Improves the Immunostimulatory Effects of Cytosine-Phosphate-Guanine Oligonucleotides. CpG, ODNs
2018 Characteristics of soil phosphorus fractions of different vegetation types in subtropical forests and their driving factors. ACP, MBP, Po, TP
2018 Double-stranded phosphodiester cytosine-guanine oligodeoxynucleotide complexed with calcium phosphate as a potent vaccine adjuvant for activating cellular and Th1-type humoral immunities. CaP, ds, IFN, OVA, PT, ss, Th
2016 Examining the Effects of Biochar Application on Soil Phosphorus Levels and Phosphatase Activities with Visible and Fluorescence Spectroscopy ACP, ALP, AP, OP, TP
2015 Effect of Exogenous Phytase Addition on Soil Phosphatase Activities: a Fluorescence Spectroscopy Study. ---
2013 Recognition of CpG oligodeoxynucleotides by human Toll-like receptor 9 and subsequent cytokine induction. CpG, ECD, hTLR9, IL-6, ODN, PTO, TLR9
2012 Distinct soil bacterial communities revealed under a diversely managed agroecosystem. ACP, APA, SOC, TN
2011 New vistas on TLR9 activation. IN-ODNs, ODNs, PS, TLR9ecto
2011 Nuclease-resistant immunostimulatory phosphodiester CpG oligodeoxynucleotides as human Toll-like receptor 9 agonists. hTLR9, ODNs, PTO, TLR9
10  2009 Sequence independent interferon-alpha induction by multimerized phosphodiester DNA depends on spatial regulation of Toll-like receptor-9 activation in plasmacytoid dendritic cells. IFN-alpha, ODNs, pDCs, poly-G
11  2008 The DNA sugar backbone 2' deoxyribose determines toll-like receptor 9 activation. PS, TLR9
12  2008 The sweetness of the DNA backbone drives Toll-like receptor 9. PS, TLR9
13  2006 CpG motif-independent activation of TLR9 upon endosomal translocation of "natural" phosphodiester DNA. DC, ODN, PS, ss, TLR9
14  2005 Methoxyethyl-modified intercellular adhesion molecule-1 antisense phosphorothiateoligonucleotides inhibit allograft rejection, ischemic-reperfusion injury, and cyclosporine-induced nephrotoxicity. ICAM, ME, PS
15  2003 Protective role of cyclosporine in experimental unilateral blunt testicular trauma: evaluation by 31P MR spectroscopy. ATP, MR, MRS, PM, UBTT
16  2001 Selective inhibition of IL-2 gene expression by IL-2 antisense oligonucleotides blocks heart allograft rejection. Con A, IL, ME, MST, PS, SRL
17  2000 Inhibition of C-raf expression by antisense oligonucleotides extends heart allograft survival in rats. ME, PS oligo, SRL
18  2000 Stereochemical outcome and kinetic effects of Rp- and Sp-phosphorothioate substitutions at the cleavage site of vaccinia type I DNA topoisomerase. PS
19  1998 Assessment of testicular function in experimental varicocele rats by phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy. MR, Pi, PM
20  1998 Interaction of oligodeoxynucleotides with mycobacteria: implications for new therapeutic strategies. ONs, PS
21  1995 In vivo 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy for evaluation of testicular function in cryptorchid rats. MR, Pi, PM
22  1994 Inhibition of Friend murine leukemia virus activity by guanosine/thymidine oligonucleotides. F-MLV, GTOs, PT, RT
23  1994 Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 activity in vitro by oligonucleotides composed entirely of guanosine and thymidine. GTOs, HIV-1
24  1994 Regulation of expression of the cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase gene in phosphodiesterase inhibitor-negative mutants of Dictyostelium discoideum. PDI
25  1993 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy in Alzheimer's and Pick's disease. AD, NFT, Pi, PME, SP, SU
26  1992 Involvement of intracellular calcium in protein secretion in Dictyostelium discoideum. ---
27  1992 The progression of spermatogenesis in the developing rat testis followed by 31P MR spectroscopy. PM/ATP
28  1991 Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase of Dictyostelium discoideum and its glycoprotein inhibitor: structure and expression of their genes. MW, PDI
29  1990 A developmentally regulated and cAMP-repressible gene of Dictyostelium discoideum: cloning and expression of the gene encoding cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase inhibitor. aa, nt
30  1990 Rapid nuclear accumulation of injected oligodeoxyribonucleotides. MP, PT, snRNPs
31  1988 Effect of glucagon on gastric acid secretion by the isolated fundus from immature rats. ---
32  1988 Effects of suboptimal levels of extracellular calcium on the regulation of the cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase-inhibitor system and membrane differentiation in Dictyostelium discoideum. PDI
33  1987 Assessment of testicular metabolic integrity with P-31 MR spectroscopy. ATP, MP, MR, Pi
34  1987 Effects of calcium antagonists on cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase induction in Dictyostelium discoideum. ---
35  1986 Comparison of in vivo 31P-MR spectra of the brain, liver, and kidney of adult and infant animals. ATP, MP, MRS, PCr
36  1984 Unique aspects of human newborn cerebral metabolism evaluated with phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. PCr, Pi, PME
37  1983 Effect of chronic ethanol ingestion on the cyclic AMP system of the upper gastrointestinal tract in the rat. AC, cAMP, VIP
38  1980 Effect of papaverine analogues on 3', 5'-adenosine monophosphate phosphodiesterase activity in rat brain. ---
39  1980 Localization of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase in the multicellular stages of Dictyostelium discoideum. cAMP
40  1978 Activity of adenylate cyclase and phospodiesterase in the pituitary and thyroid during postnatal period in rats. AC
41  1978 Cyclic nucleotides, cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase, and development in Myxococcus xanthus. FB, GMP