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Abbreviation : PF
Long Form : pleural fluid
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 Identifying pneumococci in parapneumonic pleural effusion: Is there a role for culture-independent methods? IMT, qPCR
2019 12 years active surveillance for pediatric pleural empyema in a Mexican hospital: effectiveness of pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine, and early emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA, PCR, PEs, PnPE
2019 Biological effect of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and DNase intrapleural delivery in pleural infection patients. ANOVA, MCP-1, PI, tPA
2019 Cytotoxic Natural Killer Subpopulations as a Prognostic Factor of Malignant Pleural Effusion. HR, MPE, NK, PB, PPEs, ROC
2019 Detection of the major bacterial pathogens among children suffering from empyema in Ahvaz city, Iran. ---
2019 Diagnosis of infectious pleural effusion using predictive models based on pleural fluid biomarkers. IL-6, IPE, PI
2019 Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) from pleural fluid cell lysates is a highly accurate diagnostic biomarker of adenocarcinomatous effusions. CL, cl, CL4, EpCAM, HE4, PE
2019 Evaluation of high-fluorescence body fluid (HF-BF) parameter as a screening tool of malignancy in body fluids. AF, BF, CSF, HF, HF-BF
2019 Human Pleural Fluid Elicits Pyruvate and Phenylalanine Metabolism in Acinetobacter baumannii to Enhance Cytotoxicity and Immune Evasion. AB, HAP, PA, PP, Pyr
10  2019 Human pleural fluid triggers global changes in the transcriptional landscape of Acinetobacter baumannii as an adaptive response to stress. HSA, OMV, TCSs
11  2019 IgA and IgG antibody detection of mycobacterial antigens in pleural fluid and serum from pleural tuberculous patients. ADA, PLTB
12  2019 Phase 1 trial of intrapleural LTI-01; single chain urokinase in complicated parapneumonic effusions or empyema. CPE, IPFT, PAI-1
13  2019 Predominance of Th1 Immune Response in Pleural Effusion of Patients with Tuberculosis among Other Exudative Etiologies. ADA, ELISA, IFN-gamma, IL-2, IP-10, nTB, PCA, PlTB, TNF
14  2019 The Performance of Pleural Fluid T-SPOT.TB Assay for Diagnosing Tuberculous Pleurisy in China: A Two-Center Prospective Cohort Study. CFP-10, ESAT-6, PB, PLTB
15  2019 Tuberculous Pleural Effusion: Clinical Characteristics of 320 Patients. HIV, OR, TPE
16  2019 Tuberculous pleural effusion: diagnosis & management. ADA, IFN-gamma, IL-27, PT, TB, WHO
17  2018 Application of Venn's diagram in the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis using IFN-gamma, IP-10 and adenosine deaminase. ACC, ADA, IFN-gamma, IP-10, NPV, PB, PlTB, PPV, Se, Sp
18  2018 Biomarkers in the diagnosis of pleural diseases: a 2018 update. CEA
19  2018 Characteristics of patients with myelomatous pleural effusion. A systematic review. MPE
20  2018 Detection of Pleural Fluid Biochemistry Changes in Two Consecutive Thoracenteses for Differentiating Malignant from Benign Effusions. LDH, PE
21  2018 Identification of Streptococcus pneumoniae lytA, plyA and psaA genes in pleural fluid by multiplex real-time PCR. ---
22  2018 Positive pleural cytology is an indicator for visceral pleural invasion in metastatic pleural effusions. ---
23  2018 Preanalytical conditions can interfere with M. tuberculosis detection by PCR in respiratory samples. BAL, Mtb, PCR, SPU
24  2017 Factors Associated with Survival in 97 Horses with Septic Pleuropneumonia. TA
25  2017 Incidence of Pleural Fluid and Its Associated Risk Factors After Posterior Spinal Fusion in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AIS, PCSF
26  2017 Prognostic value of pro-inflammatory cytokine and pro-angiogenesis factor in differentiating malignant from benign exudative effusion. Ang, IL-8
27  2017 Spontaneous bilateral haemothorax as presentation of primary pleural epithelioid haemangioendothelioma. EHE
28  2017 Urinothorax: a systematic review. PE, PF/S, UT
29  2017 Utility of CEA and CA 15-3 measurements in non-purulent pleural exudates in the diagnosis of malignancy: A single-center experience. MPEs
30  2016 Characteristics of patients with pseudochylothorax-a systematic review. PCT, PE, RA, TB
31  2016 Sestrin-2 is significantly increased in malignant pleural effusions due to lung cancer and is potentially secreted by pleural mesothelial cells. ELISA, LDH, PE, Sesn2
32  2015 Detection of bacteria and viruses in the pleural effusion of children and adults with community-acquired pneumonia. CAP
33  2015 Diagnostic Accuracy of Natriuretic Peptides for Heart Failure in Patients with Pleural Effusion: A Systematic Review and Updated Meta-Analysis. BNP, CI, HF, MR-proANP, NT-proBNP
34  2015 Estimation of Pleural Fluid Volumes on Chest Radiography Using Computed Tomography Volumetric Analysis: An Update of the Visual Prediction Rule. CPA, CT, HD
35  2015 Implications of pentraxin 3 levels in patients with acute aortic dissection. AAD, CRP, IQR, PTX3
36  2015 Pleural effusion levels of DJ-1 are increased in elderly lung cancer patients with malignant pleural effusions. MPEs, SOD1
37  2015 Radiologic and laboratory differences in patients with tuberculous and parapneumonic pleural effusions showing non-lymphocytic predominance and high adenosine deaminase levels. ADA, CT, PPE, TPE
38  2015 Rapid and Sensitive Identification of Bacterial Infection and Bacteria Gram Types in Pleural Fluid of Children. GRT-PCR, RT-PCR
39  2015 Targeting of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 improves fibrinolytic therapy for tetracycline-induced pleural injury in rabbits. alphaM, IPFT, mAbs, PA, PAI-1, sc
40  2015 Use of pleural fluid ceruloplasmin in the differentiation of exudative and transudative pleural effusion. APP, Cp, CPr, PE
41  2014 Bacterial etiology of empyema thoracis and parapneumonic pleural effusion in Thai children aged less than 16 years. PCR
42  2014 CD4(+) CD25(high) forkhead box protein 3(+) regulatory T lymphocytes suppress interferon-gamma and CD107 expression in CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells from tuberculous pleural effusions. IFN, IL, PB, TB
43  2014 Cell origins and significance of IL-17 in malignant pleural effusion. MPE, PB
44  2014 Different subsets of macrophages in patients with new onset tuberculous pleural effusion. ADA, CBA, CFP-10, ELISA, ESR, HC, IL, LDH, Mtb, PB, TGF, TNF, TPE
45  2014 Etiology of pleural effusions: analysis of more than 3,000 consecutive thoracenteses. PE
46  2014 Human pleural B-cells regulate IFN-gamma production by local T-cells and NK cells in a Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced delayed hypersensitivity reaction. CXCR3, CXCR4, DTH, NK, PB
47  2014 IP-10 and MIG are compartmentalized at the site of disease during pleural and meningeal tuberculosis and are decreased after antituberculosis treatment. CSF, G-CSF, IGRAs, LTBI, ROC-AUC, TB
48  2014 Moxifloxacin pharmacokinetics and pleural fluid penetration in patients with pleural effusion. MXF, PL, PPE
49  2014 Role of adenosine deaminase and the influence of age on the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis. ADA, ROC, TB
50  2014 Streptococcus pneumoniae invasive infections in Burkina Faso, 2007 to 2011. CSF, rt-PCR
51  2014 Utility of measurement of interleukin-1ss and interleukin-8 in the diagnosis of complicated parapneumonic pleural effusions. LD
52  2013 Active alpha-macroglobulin is a reservoir for urokinase after fibrinolytic therapy in rabbits with tetracycline-induced pleural injury and in human pleural fluids. alphaM, IPFT, PAI-1, TCN
53  2013 Interleukin-17A is involved in bacteria-related acute pleural inflammation. IL-17A, PE
54  2013 Interleukin-18 is up-regulated in infectious pleural effusions. IL-18, PEs
55  2013 Sialic acid value in pleural effusion as a diagnostic marker of malignancy. ---
56  2012 Comparison of localized versus systemic levels of Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), its tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) and cytokines in tuberculous and non-tuberculous pleuritis patients. MMPs, Mtb, NTB, TB
57  2012 Overexpression and potential targeting of the oncofoetal antigen 5T4 in malignant pleural mesothelioma. MPM
58  2012 Pleural fluid cytological yield and visceral pleural invasion in patients with epithelioid malignant pleural mesothelioma. MPM
59  2012 Pleural fluid nucleic acid testing enhances pneumococcal surveillance in children. IPD, NNDSS, SP, STs
60  2012 Pyrosequencing reveals the complex polymicrobial nature of invasive pyogenic infections: microbial constituents of empyema, liver abscess, and intracerebral abscess. ICA, IQR, PLA
61  2011 Apigenin affects leptin/leptin receptor pathway and induces cell apoptosis in lung adenocarcinoma cell line. ROS
62  2011 B lymphocytes that migrate to tuberculous pleural fluid via the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis actively respond to antigens specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. CFP-10, SDF-1, TB, TP
63  2011 Biological functions of Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific CD4+T cells were impaired by tuberculosis pleural fluid. PFMCs
64  2011 Diagnostic value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide in pleural effusions of cardiac origin. AUC, CHOL PF, NPR, NT-proBNP, PE, PPR
65  2011 Diagnostic value of pleural effusion ischaemia-modified albumin in patients with cardiac failure. AUC, CHF, IMA, NPV
66  2011 Evaluation of serum and pleural levels of angiopoietin-1 and angiopoietin-2 in children with transudative and exudative pleural effusions. Ang, PEs
67  2011 Interleukin-10 gene promoter polymorphisms and their protein production in pleural fluid in patients with tuberculosis. IL-10
68  2011 Pearls and myths in pleural fluid analysis. ---
69  2011 Pleural fluid from tuberculous pleurisy inhibits the functions of T cells and the differentiation of Th1 cells via immunosuppressive factors. IDO, TGF, TNF
70  2010 Assessment of the IgA immunoassay diagnostic potential of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis MT10.3-MPT64 fusion protein in tuberculous pleural fluid. ELISA, PlTB
71  2010 Cholesterol in pleural exudates depends mainly on increased capillary permeability. ApoA, apoB, HDLs, LDLs, PFCHOL
72  2010 Performance evaluation of the body fluid mode on the platform Sysmex XE-5000 series automated hematology analyzer. CSF, MNC, PeF, PMN, RBC, SF, WBC
73  2009 Diagnostic and prognostic values of pleural fluid procalcitonin in parapneumonic pleural effusions. PCT, PPPE
74  2009 Differential upregulation of chemokine receptors on CD56 NK cells and their transmigration to the site of infection in tuberculous pleurisy. NK, NTB, TB, TLRs
75  2009 High levels of tumor markers in pleural fluid correlate with poor survival in patients with adenocarcinomatous or squamous malignant effusions. ---
76  2009 Osteopontin is upregulated in malignant and inflammatory pleural effusions. OPN
77  2009 The diagnostic role of glycosaminoglycans in pleural effusions: a pilot study. GAGR, GAGs, pGAG, sGAG, sLDH
78  2008 Angiogenic molecule Tie-2 and VEGF in the pathogenesis of pleural effusions. bFGF, PE, VEGF
79  2008 Auxiliary tools in tuberculosis. The hemolysis in pleural fluids underestimate the values of adenosine deaminase activity determined by the method of Giusti. ADA, HWB
80  2008 Clinical utility of a combination of tumour markers in the diagnosis of malignant pleural effusions. CEA, PF/S, ROC, TAG-72
81  2008 Comparative evaluation of cytokines, T-cell apoptosis, and costimulatory molecule expression in tuberculous and nontuberculous pleurisy. IFN, M. tuberculosis, NTB, sFASL, TB
82  2008 Diagnostic and prognostic implications of pleural adhesions in malignant effusions. MPE
83  2008 Expression of CXC and CC type of chemokines and its receptors in tuberculous and non-tuberculous effusions. BL, NTB, TB
84  2008 Laboratorial validation of an automated assay for the determination of adenosine deaminase activity in pleural fluid and cerebrospinal fluid. ADA, CSF
85  2008 Leptin response in patients with tuberculous pleuritis. BMI
86  2008 Pediatric parapneumonic empyema, Spain. PPE
87  2008 Prognostic significance of pleural fluid data in patients with malignant effusion. LDH, MPE
88  2008 [Accuracy of pleural fluid cytology in malignant effusions]. PE
89  2008 [The specific features of pleural effusions in hemoblastosis]. CRP, TNF-alpha
90  2007 Classification tree analysis for the discrimination of pleural exudates and transudates. CART, LDH
91  2007 Clinical utility of vascular endothelial growth factor in diagnosing malignant pleural effusions. PE, VEGF
92  2007 Differential T helper cell response in tuberculous pleuritis. Non-TB, PFMC, TB
93  2007 Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced gamma interferon production by natural killer cells requires cross talk with antigen-presenting cells involving Toll-like receptors 2 and 4 and the mannose receptor in tuberculous pleurisy. APC, NK, p-p38
94  2007 Use of heparinized versus non-heparinized syringes for measurements of the pleural fluid pH. ---
95  2007 Vascular endothelial growth factor levels in post-CABG pleural effusions are associated with pleural inflammation and permeability. LDH, PEs, post-CABG, VEGF
96  2006 Angiopoietin-2 levels are elevated in exudative pleural effusions. Ang, PEs, VEGF
97  2005 Eotaxin-3 and interleukin-5 pleural fluid levels are associated with pleural fluid eosinophilia in post-coronary artery bypass grafting pleural effusions. CABG, EPEs, IL, VCAM
98  2005 HDL/LDL ratio: a useful parameter for separation of pleural transudates from exudates. ROC
99  2005 Increased susceptibility to apoptosis of CD56dimCD16+ NK cells induces the enrichment of IFN-gamma-producing CD56bright cells in tuberculous pleurisy. Mtb, TB
100  2004 Correlates of protective immune response in tuberculous pleuritis. IFN, IL, Mtb, NTB, PFMC, PPD, TB, TNF