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Abbreviation : PS
Long Form : plant sterols
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2018 A low-fat spread with added plant sterols and fish omega-3 fatty acids lowers serum triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol concentrations in individuals with modest hypercholesterolaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia. apo, EPA, LDL-C, TG
2018 A positive impact on the serum lipid profile and cytokines after the consumption of a plant sterol-enriched beverage with a milk fat globule membrane: a clinical study. ---
2018 Impact of colonic fermentation on sterols after the intake of a plant sterol-enriched beverage: A randomized, double-blind crossover trial. AS
2018 Oxidation of sitosterol and campesterol in foods upon cooking with liquid margarines without and with added plant sterol esters. ---
2018 Plant sterols lower LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides in dyslipidemic individuals with or at risk of developing type 2 diabetes; a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. CVD, HDL-C, LDL-C, T2DM, TC, TG
2018 Structured advice provided by a dietitian increases adherence of consumers to diet and lifestyle changes and lowers blood low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol: the Increasing Adherence of Consumers to Diet & Lifestyle Changes to Lower (LDL) Cholesterol (ACT) randomised controlled trial. LDL, LDL-C
2018 The impact of galactooligosaccharides on the bioaccessibility of sterols in a plant sterol-enriched beverage: adaptation of the harmonized INFOGEST digestion method. GOS
2017 A Randomized Open-Label Trial to Assess the Effect of Plant Sterols Associated with Ezetimibe in Low-Density Lipoprotein Levels in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease on Statin Therapy. CT, EZ, LDL
2017 Effect of ezetimibe on low- and high-density lipoprotein subclasses in sitosterolemia. EZE, HDL, IDL, LDL, TC, TG, VLDL
10  2017 Thermal stability of plant sterols and formation of their oxidation products in vegetable oils and margarines upon controlled heating. POP
11  2016 Bioaccessibility study of plant sterol-enriched fermented milks. BA
12  2016 Effect of a plant sterol-enriched spread on biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction and low-grade inflammation in hypercholesterolaemic subjects. ---
13  2016 Formation of Plant Sterol Oxidation Products in Foods during Baking and Cooking Using Margarine without and with Added Plant Sterol Esters. ORP, POP
14  2016 Impact of Lipid Components and Emulsifiers on Plant Sterols Bioaccessibility from Milk-Based Fruit Beverages. BA, MFb, MFGM
15  2016 Increases in plasma plant sterols stabilize within four weeks of plant sterol intake and are independent of cholesterol metabolism. ---
16  2016 Unsaturated lipid matrices protect plant sterols from degradation during heating treatment. FAME
17  2015 "Add-on" effect of phytosterols-enriched fermented milk on lipids and markers of cholesterol metabolism in statin-treated elderly patients. PS-FM
18  2015 Additive effects of plant sterols supplementation in addition to different lipid-lowering regimens. LDL, LLTs
19  2015 Cholesterol ester transfer protein polymorphism rs5882 is associated with triglyceride-lowering in response to plant sterol consumption. TG
20  2015 Ezetimibe reduces plant sterol accumulation and favorably increases platelet count in sitosterolemia. EZE, MPV, PLT, RBC, STSL, TC
21  2015 Flaxseed Oil Containing alpha -Linolenic Acid Ester of Plant Sterol Improved Atherosclerosis in ApoE Deficient Mice. ALA-PS, apoE-KO
22  2015 Lathosterol-to-cholesterol ratio in serum predicts cholesterol-lowering response to plant sterol consumption in a dual-center, randomized, single-blind placebo-controlled trial. HS, LS, TC
23  2015 Plant sterol oxides in functional beverages: influence of matrix and storage. POPs
24  2015 The effect of plant sterols and different low doses of omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil on lipoprotein subclasses. DHA, EPA, LDL-chol, TGs
25  2014 Consumer attitudes and understanding of cholesterol-lowering claims on food: randomize mock-package experiments with plant sterol and oat fibre claims. OF
26  2014 Consumption of a dietary portfolio of cholesterol lowering foods improves blood lipids without affecting concentrations of fat soluble compounds. ---
27  2014 Plant sterols from foods in inflammation and risk of cardiovascular disease: a real threat? POPs, SOPs
28  2014 Premature atherosclerosis is not systematic in phytosterolemic patients: severe hypercholesterolemia as a confounding factor in five subjects. ---
29  2014 The relationships of phytosterols and oxyphytosterols in plasma and aortic valve cusps in patients with severe aortic stenosis. ---
30  2013 Consumption of plant sterol-enriched foods and effects on plasma plant sterol concentrations--a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. ---
31  2013 Non-cholesterol sterols and cholesterol metabolism in sitosterolemia. EZE, STSL
32  2013 The effect of plant sterols on serum triglyceride concentrations is dependent on baseline concentrations: a pooled analysis of 12 randomised controlled trials. HDL-C, TG
33  2013 Time of ingestion relative to meal intake determines gastrointestinal responses to a plant sterol-containing yoghurt drink. GB, GE
34  2013 Triglyceride recrystallized phytosterols in fat-free milk improve lipoprotein profiles more than unmodified free phytosterols in hypercholesterolemic men and women. IL-8, LDL-C, MCP-1, NMR, TRP
35  2012 A lipidomic analysis approach to evaluate the response to cholesterol-lowering food intake. ---
36  2012 Association of natural intake of dietary plant sterols with carotid intima-media thickness and blood lipids in Chinese adults: a cross-section study. IMT, TG
37  2012 Effects of plant sterol esters in skimmed milk and vegetable-fat-enriched milk on serum lipids and non-cholesterol sterols in hypercholesterolaemic subjects: a randomised, placebo-controlled, crossover study. LDL-C, SM
38  2012 Parenteral plant sterols and intestinal failure-associated liver disease in neonates. IFALD, PN
39  2012 Plant sterols and antioxidant parameters in enriched beverages: storage stability. FJPS, MFJPS, MPS
40  2012 Plant sterols and casein-derived tripeptides attenuate blood pressure increase in spontaneously hypertensive rats. SBP, SHR
41  2012 Serum lipids, plant sterols, and cholesterol kinetic responses to plant sterol supplementation in phytosterolemia heterozygotes and control individuals. Het
42  2011 A reappraisal of the mechanism by which plant sterols promote neutral sterol loss in mice. ---
43  2011 Action of plant sterol intervention on sterol kinetics in hypercholesterolemic men with high versus low basal circulatory plant sterol concentrations. FSR
44  2011 Consumption of plant sterols in Belgium: consumption patterns of plant sterol-enriched foods in Flanders, Belgium. ---
45  2011 Effects of long-term parenteral nutrition on serum lipids, plant sterols, cholesterol metabolism, and liver histology in pediatric intestinal failure. PN
46  2011 Promoter variant -204A > C of the cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase gene: association with response to plant sterols in humans and increased transcriptional activity in transfected HepG2 cells. ---
47  2011 Stability of plant sterols in ingredients used in functional foods. GC, GC-FID
48  2010 Berberine and plant stanols synergistically inhibit cholesterol absorption in hamsters. BBR
49  2010 Consumption of plant sterols reduces plasma and hepatic triglycerides and modulates the expression of lipid regulatory genes and de novo lipogenesis in C57BL/6J mice. CON
50  2010 Evaluation of cardiovascular risk and oxidative stress parameters in hypercholesterolemic subjects on a standard healthy diet including low-fat milk enriched with plant sterols. LDL
51  2010 High basal fractional cholesterol synthesis is associated with nonresponse of plasma LDL cholesterol to plant sterol therapy. FSR
52  2009 A high oleic sunflower oil fatty acid esters of plant sterols mixed with dietary diacylglycerol reduces plasma insulin and body fat accumulation in Psammomys obesus. HE, P. obesus
53  2009 Baseline plasma plant sterol concentrations do not predict changes in serum lipids, C-reactive protein (CRP) and plasma plant sterols following intake of a plant sterol-enriched food. CRP, HPS, LPS
54  2009 Low and moderate-fat plant sterol fortified soymilk in modulation of plasma lipids and cholesterol kinetics in subjects with normal to high cholesterol concentrations: report on two randomized crossover studies. ---
55  2009 Phytosterol intake and dietary fat reduction are independent and additive in their ability to reduce plasma LDL cholesterol. HDL, LDL, TC
56  2009 Stearate-enriched plant sterol esters lower serum LDL cholesterol concentration in normo- and hypercholesterolemic adults. ---
57  2008 Association between non-responsiveness to plant sterol intervention and polymorphisms in cholesterol metabolism genes: a case-control study. ABCG5, LDL-C, NPC1L1, SNPs
58  2008 Basal plasma concentrations of plant sterols can predict LDL-C response to sitosterol in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia. EF, FH, LDL
59  2008 Cholesterol-lowering efficacy of plant sterols in low-fat yogurt consumed as a snack or with a meal. TC
60  2008 Co-administration of berberine and plant stanols synergistically reduces plasma cholesterol in rats. BBR, non-HDL-C, TC
61  2008 Daily consumption of a dark chocolate containing flavanols and added sterol esters affects cardiovascular risk factors in a normotensive population with elevated cholesterol. CF
62  2008 Dose-response effects of different plant sterol sources in fat spreads on serum lipids and C-reactive protein and on the kinetic behavior of serum plant sterols. LDL-C, TO, TO/RP
63  2008 Genetic variation in ABC G5/G8 and NPC1L1 impact cholesterol response to plant sterols in hypercholesterolemic men. LDL-C, NPC1L1, SNPs
64  2008 Phytosterols dissolved in diacylglycerol oil reinforce the cholesterol-lowering effect of low-dose pravastatin treatment. DAG, LDL, PS/DAG
65  2008 [Effects of dressing containing plant sterol on serum cholesterol concentration and the safety evaluation in borderline or mildly hypercholesterolemic Japanese subjects]. apoB, LDL-C, TC
66  2007 A combination of psyllium and plant sterols alters lipoprotein metabolism in hypercholesterolemic subjects by modifying the intravascular processing of lipoproteins and increasing LDL uptake. PSY
67  2007 Effect of low-fat, fermented milk enriched with plant sterols on serum lipid profile and oxidative stress in moderate hypercholesterolemia. FM
68  2007 Fish-oil esters of plant sterols differ from vegetable-oil sterol esters in triglycerides lowering, carotenoid bioavailability and impact on plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) concentrations in hypercholesterolemic subjects. FA, FO, HDL, LDL, OO, PAI-1, SO
69  2007 Olive oil containing olive oil fatty acid esters of plant sterols and dietary diacylglycerol reduces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and decreases the tendency for peroxidation in hypercholesterolaemic subjects. LDL-C, OO, PS-OO, PS-SO
70  2006 A combination therapy including psyllium and plant sterols lowers LDL cholesterol by modifying lipoprotein metabolism in hypercholesterolemic individuals. IDL, LDL-C, PSY
71  2006 Common sources and estimated intake of plant sterols in the Spanish diet. ---
72  2006 Intake occasion affects the serum cholesterol lowering of a plant sterol-enriched single-dose yoghurt drink in mildly hypercholesterolaemic subjects. LDL-C
73  2004 Determination of plant sterol oxidation products in plant sterol enriched spreads, fat blends, and plant sterol concentrates. GC, GC-MS
74  2004 Estimation of plant sterol and cholesterol intake in Finland: quality of new values and their effect on intake. ---
75  2003 Phytosterols affect endocrinology and metabolism of the field vole (Microtus agrestis). ---
76  2002 Phytosterols act as endocrine and metabolic disruptors in the European polecat (Mustela putorius). ---