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Abbreviation : PST
Long Form : paralytic shellfish toxins
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2020 A Mediterranean Alexandrium taylorii (Dinophyceae) Strain Produces Goniodomin A and Lytic Compounds but Not Paralytic Shellfish Toxins. GD, GDA, ITS, LSU
2020 DNA damage and oxidative stress responses of mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis to paralytic shellfish toxins under warming and acidification conditions - Elucidation on the organ-specificity. CC, LPO, WA
2020 Effects of paralytic shellfish toxins on the middle intestine of Oncorhynchus mykiss: Glutathione metabolism, oxidative status, lysosomal function and ATP-binding cassette class C (ABCC) proteins activity. ABCC, CAT, GR, GST
2020 Experimental exposure of the mussel Mytilus platensis (d'Orbigny, 1842) to the dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella from Argentine Patagonia. HPLC-FDL
2020 Identification of promoter elements in the Dolichospermum circinale AWQC131C saxitoxin gene cluster and the experimental analysis of their use for heterologous expression. BGC, DMT, SXT
2020 Paralytic shellfish toxin uptake, tissue distribution, and depuration in the Southern Rock Lobster Jasus edwardsii Hutton. ---
2020 Production of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PSTs) in Toxic Alexandrium catenella is Intertwined with Photosynthesis and Energy Production. AC-T, PSTs
2020 Quantification of the paralytic shellfish poisoning dinoflagellate Alexandrium species using a digital PCR. ddPCR, ITS
2020 The toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum impairs the performance of oyster embryos and larvae. BEC
10  2019 First detection of tetrodotoxin and high levels of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins in shellfish from Sicily (Italy) by three different analytical methods. HILIC, HR, MS/MS, TTX
11  2019 Ocean acidification exacerbates the effects of paralytic shellfish toxins on the fitness of the edible mussel Mytilus chilensis. ---
12  2019 Paralytic Shellfish Toxins and Ocean Warming: Bioaccumulation and Ecotoxicological Responses in Juvenile Gilthead Seabream (Sparus aurata). dcSTX, HABs, LPO, Ub
13  2019 Rapid screening fluorescence method applied to detection and quantitation of paralytic shellfish toxins in invertebrate marine vectors. ---
14  2019 Re-evaluation of paralytic shellfish toxin profiles in cyanobacteria using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. ---
15  2019 Relative importance of nitrogen sources, algal alarm cues and grazer exposure to toxin production of the marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella. ---
16  2019 Separate and combined effects of neurotoxic and lytic compounds of Alexandrium strains on Mytilus edulis feeding activity and hemocyte function. LC
17  2019 Trophic transfer of paralytic shellfish toxin (PST): Physiological and reproductive effects in the carnivorous gastropod Acanthina monodon (Pallas, 1774). ---
18  2019 Ultrahigh-Performance Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography with Tandem Mass Spectrometry Method for the Determination of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins and Tetrodotoxin in Mussels, Oysters, Clams, Cockles, and Scallops: Collaborative Study. MS, TTX, UHPLC
19  2018 Accumulation and Elimination Dynamics of the Hydroxybenzoate Saxitoxin Analogues in Mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis Exposed to the Toxic Marine Dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum. PSP
20  2018 An Outbreak of Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning in Tasmania. PSP
21  2018 Application of activated carbon to accelerate detoxification of paralytic shellfish toxins from mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis and scallops Chlamys farreri. AC, WAC
22  2018 Comparative studies of saxitoxin (STX) -induced cytotoxicity in Neuro-2a and RTG-2cell lines: An explanation with respect to changes in ROS. CAT, GPx, GR, ROS, SOD, STX
23  2018 Experimental uptake and depuration of paralytic shellfish toxins in Southern Rock Lobster, Jasus edwardsii. ---
24  2018 Fate of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins in Southern Rock Lobster ( Jasus edwardsii) during Cooking: Concentration, Composition, and Distribution. STX
25  2018 Fish gill damage by harmful microalgae newly explored by microelectrode ion flux estimation techniques. HAB, MIFE
26  2018 Oyster transcriptome response to Alexandrium exposure is related to saxitoxin load and characterized by disrupted digestion, energy balance, and calcium and sodium signaling. ---
27  2018 Paralytic shellfish toxin producing Aphanizomenon gracile strains isolated from Lake Iznik, Turkey. dcNEO, dcSTX, GTX5, NEO, STX
28  2018 Saxitoxin Exposure Confirmed by Human Urine and Food Analysis. GTX, NEO, PSP, STX
29  2018 Screening of cyclic imine and paralytic shellfish toxins in isolates of the genus Alexandrium (Dinophyceae) from Atlantic Canada. CI, LC-MS
30  2018 Sources of paralytic shellfish toxin accumulation variability in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. CR, CRII, TAE
31  2017 Comparative performance of four immunological test kits for the detection of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins in Tasmanian shellfish. ---
32  2017 Effects of bioactive extracellular compounds and paralytic shellfish toxins produced by Alexandrium minutum on growth and behaviour of juvenile great scallops Pecten maximus. BEC, HABs
33  2017 Molecular Characterization of Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels and Their Relations with Paralytic Shellfish Toxin Bioaccumulation in the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas. CgNav1, STX
34  2017 Multispecies mass mortality of marine fauna linked to a toxic dinoflagellate bloom. SLE
35  2017 The role of a PSP-producing Alexandrium bloom in an unprecedented diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) mortality event in Flanders Bay, New York, USA. ---
36  2017 Toxin Variability Estimations of 68 Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Dinophyceae) Strains from The Netherlands Reveal a Novel Abundant Gymnodimine. GYM, STX
37  2016 Bioactive compounds of marine dinoflagellate isolates from western Greenland and their phylogenetic association within the genus Alexandrium. LSU, PSP
38  2016 First detection of benthic cyanobacteria in Lake Baikal producing paralytic shellfish toxins. ---
39  2016 Liquid Chromatography with a Fluorimetric Detection Method for Analysis of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins and Tetrodotoxin Based on a Porous Graphitic Carbon Column. dcGTX2, dcSTX, GTX2, STX, TTX
40  2016 Quantity of the dinoflagellate sxtA4 gene and cell density correlates with paralytic shellfish toxin production in Alexandrium ostenfeldii blooms. ---
41  2015 Analysis of paralytic shellfish toxins, potential chemical threat agents, in food using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. HPLC-FLD, SCX, SPE
42  2015 Determining the Advantages, Costs, and Trade-Offs of a Novel Sodium Channel Mutation in the Copepod Acartia hudsonica to Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PST). EPR, GGE, PMI
43  2015 Development of a sensitive and selective liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method for high throughput analysis of paralytic shellfish toxins using graphitised carbon solid phase extraction. HILIC, LC-FL
44  2015 Exposure to toxic Alexandrium minutum activates the detoxifying and antioxidant systems in gills of the oyster Crassostrea gigas. FER, GR, GST, ROS
45  2015 High Specificity of a Quantitative PCR Assay Targeting a Saxitoxin Gene for Monitoring Toxic Algae Associated with Paralytic Shellfish Toxins in the Yellow Sea. qPCR, STX, YS
46  2015 Paralytic shellfish toxin content is related to genomic sxtA4 copy number in Alexandrium minutum strains. CPN
47  2015 Paralytic toxin profile of the marine dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum Graham from the Mexican Pacific as revealed by LC-MS/MS. LC-FLD
48  2015 Physiological and pathological changes in the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica infested with the trematode Bucephalus sp. and exposed to the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense. ROS
49  2015 Progress in Understanding Algal Bloom-Mediated Fish Kills: The Role of Superoxide Radicals, Phycotoxins and Fatty Acids. SOD, TCC
50  2015 Synthesis of a tricyclic bisguanidine compound structurally related to saxitoxin and its identification in paralytic shellfish toxin-producing microorganisms. STX
51  2014 Bacterial community affects toxin production by Gymnodinium catenatum. ---
52  2014 Cellular and biochemical responses of the oyster Crassostrea gigas to controlled exposures to metals and Alexandrium minutum. Cd, EG, MAG
53  2014 No evidence for induction or selection of mutant sodium channel expression in the copepod Acartia husdsonica challenged with the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense. PMI
54  2014 SxtA and sxtG gene expression and toxin production in the Mediterranean Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae). GTX1, GTX4, PSP
55  2013 Genetic and genotoxic impacts in the oyster Crassostrea gigas exposed to the harmful alga Alexandrium minutum. ---
56  2013 Genomics study of the exposure effect of Gymnodinium catenatum, a paralyzing toxin producer, on Crassostrea gigas' defense system and detoxification genes. ---
57  2013 Tracing the origin of paralytic shellfish toxins in scallop Patinopecten yessoensis in the northern Yellow Sea. HPLC-FLD, PCR
58  2013 [Shellfish monitoring system for paralytic shellfish toxins using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay]. MBA
59  2012 Determination of paralytic shellfish toxins in shellfish by receptor binding assay: collaborative study. RBA, STX
60  2012 Intraspecific variability in the response of bloom-forming marine microalgae to changed climate conditions. ---
61  2012 Screening for toxicity and resistance to paralytic shellfish toxin of shore crabs inhabiting at Leizhou peninsula, China. TTX
62  2011 Liquid chromatography post-column oxidation (PCOX) method for the determination of paralytic shellfish toxins in mussels, clams, oysters, and scallops: collaborative study. HorRat, MBA, ML, PCOX
63  2010 Effects of Alexandrium minutum exposure upon physiological and hematological variables of diploid and triploid oysters, Crassostrea gigas. PO, ROS
64  2010 First evidence of "paralytic shellfish toxins" and cylindrospermopsin in a Mexican freshwater system, Lago Catemaco, and apparent bioaccumulation of the toxins in "tegogolo" snails (Pomacea patula catemacensis). BAF, CYN, MCYST
65  2010 Route of metabolization and detoxication of paralytic shellfish toxins in humans. neoSTX, STX, UGT
66  2009 Evidence of in vitro glucuronidation and enzymatic transformation of paralytic shellfish toxins by healthy human liver microsomes fraction. GTX 1, GTX 4, GTX2, GTX3
67  2009 Liquid chromatographic post-column oxidation method for analysis of paralytic shellfish toxins in mussels, clams, scallops, and oysters: single-laboratory validation. dcGTX, dcSTX, GTX, NEO, STX
68  2008 Induction of toxin production in dinoflagellates: the grazer makes a difference. ---
69  2008 Purification and characterization of paralytic shellfish toxin-transforming enzyme, sulfocarbamoylase I, from the Japanese bivalve Peronidia venulosa. ---
70  2007 Transfer of paralytic shellfish toxins via marine food chains: a simulated experiment. ---
71  2006 Copepods induce paralytic shellfish toxin production in marine dinoflagellates. ---
72  2006 Identification and characterization of a "biomarker of toxicity" from the proteome of the paralytic shellfish toxin-producing dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense (Dinophyceae). ---
73  2006 Paralytic shellfish toxin profiles and toxin variability of the genus Alexandrium (Dinophyceae) isolated from the Southeast China Sea. ---
74  2004 Accumulation and depuration of cyanobacterial paralytic shellfish toxins by the freshwater mussel Anodonta cygnea. ---
75  2004 Accumulation of paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) from the cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon issatschenkoi by the cladoceran Daphnia magna. cGSTs, GSTs
76  2004 Paralytic shellfish toxins in the chocolata clam, Megapitaria squalida (Bivalvia: Veneridae), in Bahia de La Paz, Gulf of California. ---
77  2004 Phylogenetic and functional diversity of the cultivable bacterial community associated with the paralytic shellfish poisoning dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum. ---
78  2001 Biotransformations of paralytic shellfish toxins by bacteria isolated from bivalve molluscs. ---
79  2001 Comparison of paralytic shellfish toxin (PST) production by the dinoflagellates Alexandrium lusitanicum NEPCC 253 and Alexandrium tamarense NEPCC 407 in the presence and absence of bacteria. ---
80  1998 Comparative analyses by HPLC and the sodium channel and saxiphilin 3H-saxitoxin receptor assays for paralytic shellfish toxins in crustaceans and molluscs from tropical North West Australia. HPLC, STX, TTX
81  1998 Development of a bioassay employing the desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) for the detection of saxitoxin and related compounds in cyanobacteria and shellfish. ---