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Abbreviation : Spm
Long Form : spermine
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2019 Changes in Polyamine Content in Rice Bran due to Fermentation with Aspergillus oryzae Analyzed by LC/ESI-MS/MS Combined with Derivatization. A. oryzae, DBD-F, Put, Spd
2019 Compared to antioxidants and polyamines, the role of maize grain-derived organic biostimulants in improving cadmium tolerance in wheat plants. alpha-Toc, AsA, MDA, MGE, PAs, Put, Spd
2019 Contribution of Maize Polyamine and Amino Acid Metabolism Toward Resistance Against Aspergillus flavus Infection and Aflatoxin Production. GABA, Gln, Glu, PAs, Put, Spd
2019 Defining novel plant polyamine oxidase subfamilies through molecular modeling and sequence analysis. PAObc1, PAOs, PAs, Spd, TC
2019 Effect of exogenous spermidine on floral induction, endogenous polyamine and hormone production, and expression of related genes in 'Fuji' apple (Malus domestica Borkh.). ABA, Put, Spd
2019 Exogenous polyamines enhance resistance to Alternaria alternata by modulating redox homeostasis in apricot fruit. AsA, AXP, CAT, GR, NOX, Put, ROS, SOD, Spd
2019 Extracellular Spermine Triggers a Rapid Intracellular Phosphatidic Acid Response in Arabidopsis, Involving PLDdelta Activation and Stimulating Ion Flux. MIFE, PA, PLD, Put, PUT, Spd
2019 GABA mediated reduction of arsenite toxicity in rice seedling through modulation of fatty acids, stress responsive amino acids and polyamines biosynthesis. AAs, AD, FAs, GABA, PAs, Put, SAMD, SFA, Spd, USFA
2019 Host-Guest Interactions Initiated Supramolecular Chitosan Nanogels for Selective Intracellular Drug Delivery. ADA, CNGs, DOX, Phe
10  2019 Metabolites Involved in Immune Evasion by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Include the Polyamine Spermidine. Cad, KYN, MTA, NSP, Put, Spd
11  2019 Nitric oxide modulates polyamine homeostasis in sunflower seedling cotyledons under salt stress. ADC, NO, PA, PAO, SAMDC
12  2019 Overexpression of a S-Adenosylmethionine Decarboxylase from Sugar Beet M14 Increased Araidopsis Salt Tolerance. ROS, SAMDC, Spd, WT
13  2019 Overexpression of the arginine decarboxylase gene promotes the symbiotic interaction Medicago truncatula-Sinorhizobium meliloti and induces the accumulation of proline and spermine in nodules under salt stress conditions. ACC, ET, GABA, Glu, PAs, Pro
14  2019 Polyamine supplementation reduces DNA damage in adipose stem cells cultured in 3-D. ASC, Spd
15  2019 Polyamines modulate growth, antioxidant activity, and genomic DNA in heavy metal-stressed wheat plant. AAO, CAT, GR, POD, PPO, Put, SOD, Spd
16  2019 Spermine application alleviates salinity induced growth and photosynthetic inhibition in Solanum lycopersicum by modulating osmolyte and secondary metabolite accumulation and differentially regulating antioxidant metabolism. ---
17  2019 Spermine Confers Stress Resilience by Modulating Abscisic Acid Biosynthesis and Stress Responses in Arabidopsis Plants. ABA, PAs
18  2019 Spermine Differentially Refines Plant Defense Responses Against Biotic and Abiotic Stresses. mPA
19  2019 Spermine Is a Potent Plant Defense Activator Against Gray Mold Disease on Solanum lycopersicum, Phaseolus vulgaris, and Arabidopsis thaliana. PAs
20  2018 A cold responsive ethylene responsive factor from Medicago falcata confers cold tolerance by up-regulation of polyamine turnover, antioxidant protection, and proline accumulation. ERF, Spd
21  2018 Acrolein toxicity at advanced age: present and future. MMP-9, QOL
22  2018 Cholesterol accumulation by suppression of SMT1 leads to dwarfism and improved drought tolerance in herbaceous plants. Put, SMT1, Spd
23  2018 Controlling the regioselectivity and stereospecificity of FAD-dependent polyamine oxidases with the use of amine-attached guide molecules as conformational modulators. APAO, Bz
24  2018 Determination of Polyamines by Capillary Electrophoresis Using Salicylaldehyde-5-Sulfonate as a Derivatizing Reagent. Cad, LOD, Put, SAS, Spd
25  2018 Effects of polyamines on cadmium- and copper-mediated alterations in wheat (Triticum aestivum L) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus L) seedling membrane fluidity. MF, PAs, Put, SF, Spd, Wh
26  2018 Effects of probiotic bacteria on mucosal polyamines levels in dogs with IBD and colonic polyps: a preliminary study. DAO, ODC, Put
27  2018 Functional characterization of murB-potABCD operon for polyamine uptake and peptidoglycan synthesis in Streptococcus suis. PG, Put, Spd
28  2018 Genome-wide identification, phylogenetic analysis, and expression profiling of polyamine synthesis gene family members in tomato. ACL5, PAs, Put, Spd, SPDS, SPMS, T-Spm
29  2018 Highly-expressed polyamine oxidases catalyze polyamine back conversion in Brachypodium distachyon. PA, PAO, Spd
30  2018 Immunological blocking of spermidine-mediated host-pathogen communication provides effective control against Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. Spd
31  2018 Polyamines increase nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species in guard cells of Arabidopsis thaliana during stomatal closure. NO, PAs, Put, ROS, Spd
32  2018 Polyamines Regulate Strawberry Fruit Ripening by Abscisic Acid, Auxin, and Ethylene. ABA, IAA, PAs, Put, Spd
33  2018 Polyamines regulating phytic acid degradation in mung bean sprouts. ABA, ATP, CTK, GA3, IAA, Put, Spd
34  2018 Reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide are involved in polyamine-induced growth inhibition in wheat plants. NO, PAs, SNP
35  2018 Spermine Alleviates Acute Liver Injury by Inhibiting Liver-Resident Macrophage Pro-Inflammatory Response Through ATG5-Dependent Autophagy. TAA
36  2018 Stargazin and cornichon-3 relieve polyamine block of AMPA receptors by enhancing blocker permeation. AMPARs, CNIH-3
37  2018 Supramolecular Chemotherapy: Carboxylated Pillar[6]arene for Decreasing Cytotoxicity of Oxaliplatin to Normal Cells and Improving Its Anticancer Bioactivity Against Colorectal Cancer. OxPt
38  2017 Anti-apoptotic role of spermine against lead and/or gamma irradiation-induced hepatotoxicity in male rats. IR, NO
39  2017 Differential Responses of Polyamines and Antioxidants to Drought in a Centipedegrass Mutant in Comparison to Its Wild Type Plants. APX, AsA, CAT, GR, MDA, Put, SOD, Spd, WT
40  2017 Effect of polyamines on mechanical and structural properties of Bombyx mori silk. B. mori, FTIR, PA, Put, SEM, Spd
41  2017 Effect of spermine-derived AGEs on oxidative stress and polyamine metabolism. AGEs, CEL, CES, MG, MOLD, MOSD
42  2017 Expression of ODC1, SPD, SPM and AZIN1 in the hypothalamus, ovary and uterus during rat estrous cycle. MPA, RGB, Spd
43  2017 Inhibition of nonenzymatic depurination of nucleic acids by polycations. Cho
44  2017 Interaction of Polyamines, Abscisic Acid, Nitric Oxide, and Hydrogen Peroxide under Chilling Stress in Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Seedlings. ABA, EL, NO, NOS, NR, PAs, Put, Spd
45  2017 Melatonin alleviates chilling stress in cucumber seedlings by up-regulation of CsZat12 and modulation of polyamine and abscisic acid metabolism. ABA, PAs, Put, Spd
46  2017 Molecular Dynamics Insights into Polyamine-DNA Binding Modes: Implications for Cross-Link Selectivity. bp, MM-GBSA, Put, Spd
47  2017 Polyamines contribute to salinity tolerance in the symbiosis Medicago truncatula-Sinorhizobium meliloti by preventing oxidative damage. BRs, PAs, Spd
48  2017 Quantification of metabolite concentrations in benign and malignant prostate tissues using 3D proton MR spectroscopic imaging. ADC, CG, Cho, Cit, MRSI, PRESS, PZ
49  2017 Smart Inulin-Based Polycationic Nanodevices for siRNA Delivery. DETA, EDA, NABDs, siRNA
50  2017 Spermine Regulates Pollen Tube Growth by Modulating Ca2+-Dependent Actin Organization and Cell Wall Structure. ---
51  2017 The Arabidopsis polyamine oxidase/dehydrogenase 5 interferes with cytokinin and auxin signaling pathways to control xylem differentiation. PAOs, Therm-Spm
52  2017 The Variation Tendency of Polyamines Forms and Components of Polyamine Metabolism in Zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica Steud.) to Salt Stress with Exogenous Spermidine Application. ADC, DAO, FW, ODC, PAO, PAs, Put, SAMDC, SEM, Spd
53  2017 Transgenic Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides [Munro] Hack.) Overexpressing S-Adenosylmethionine Decarboxylase (SAMDC) Gene for Improved Cold Tolerance Through Involvement of H2O2 and NO Signaling. AsA, CAT, NO, NR, PAO, SAMDC, SOD, Spd, WT
54  2016 24-Epibrassinolide ameliorates salt stress effects in the symbiosis Medicago truncatula-Sinorhizobium meliloti and regulates the nodulation in cross-talk with polyamines. BRs, EBL, PAs
55  2016 A synergistic blocking effect of Mg⁺ and spermine on the inward rectifier K⁺ (Kir2.1) channel pore. ---
56  2016 alpha-Hemolysin nanopore studies reveal strong interactions between biogenic polyamines and DNA hairpins. alphaHL, Put, Spd
57  2016 Characterisation and application of Halomonas shantousis SWA25, a halotolerant bacterium with multiple biogenic amine degradation activity. Cad, HIM, PHE, Put, Spd, TRY, TYR
58  2016 Conjugation of biogenic and synthetic polyamines with serum proteins: A comprehensive review. BLG, BSA, HSA, spmd
59  2016 Conjugation of chitosan nanoparticles with biogenic and synthetic polyamines: A delivery tool for antitumor polyamine analogues. spmd
60  2016 Contribution of Histopathologic Tissue Composition to Quantitative MR Spectroscopy and Diffusion-weighted Imaging of the Prostate. ADCs, Cho, Cit, Cr, MR, PZ, ROIs, TZ
61  2016 Cotton S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase-mediated spermine biosynthesis is required for salicylic acid- and leucine-correlated signaling in the defense response to Verticillium dahliae. Put, SA, WT
62  2016 CsPAO4 of Citrus sinensis functions in polyamine terminal catabolism and inhibits plant growth under salt stress. CAT, PAO, PCD, Spd, WT
63  2016 Effect of polyamines on the grain filling of wheat under drought stress. ABA, ETH, PAs, Put, Spd, ZR
64  2016 Global Metabolic Profiling of Arabidopsis Polyamine Oxidase 4 (AtPAO4) Loss-of-Function Mutants Exhibiting Delayed Dark-Induced Senescence. PAO4, PAO4, PAs
65  2016 Identification and biochemical characterization of polyamine oxidases in amphioxus: Implications for emergence of vertebrate-specific spermine and acetylpolyamine oxidases. APAO, PAOs, SMO, Spd
66  2016 Insights into the Biogenic Amine Metabolic Landscape during Industrial Semidry Chinese Rice Wine Fermentation. BAs, LAB, Put, Spd
67  2016 MicroRNAs, polyamines, and the activities antioxidant enzymes are associated with in vitro rooting in white pine (Pinus strobus L.). IAA, Put, Spd
68  2016 Molecular Recognition of tRNA with 1-Naphthyl Acetyl Spermine, Spermine, and Spermidine: A Thermodynamic, Biophysical, and Molecular Docking Investigative Approach. NASPM, Spd
69  2016 Novel KCNJ10 Gene Variations Compromise Function of Inwardly Rectifying Potassium Channel 4.1. ---
70  2016 Pathogenesis-Related Protein 1b1 (PR1b1) Is a Major Tomato Fruit Protein Responsive to Chilling Temperature and Upregulated in High Polyamine Transgenic Genotypes. PR1b1, Put, SIDR, Spd
71  2016 Polyamines, myosin heavy chains, and collagen specific amino acids after a repeated bout of eccentric exercise. ELISA, Hyl, Hyp, SD, SMS
72  2016 Preparation of a new nanobiosensor for the determination of some biogenic polyamines and investigation of their interaction with DNA. Put, Spd
73  2016 Spermine modulates the expression of two probable polyamine transporter genes and determines growth responses to cadaverine in Arabidopsis. Cad, LAT1, OCT1
74  2016 The Effect of Exogenous Spermidine Concentration on Polyamine Metabolism and Salt Tolerance in Zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica Steud) Subjected to Short-Term Salinity Stress. DAO, MDA, ODC, Put, SAMDC, Spd
75  2016 Thermodynamic analysis of biogenic and synthetic polyamines conjugation with PAMAM-G4 nanoparticles. spmd
76  2016 Triethylenetetramine modulates polyamine and energy metabolism and inhibits cancer cell proliferation. DFMO, eIF5A, ODC, PA, Put, Spd, TCA, TETA, TTM
77  2016 Urinary Polyamines: A Pilot Study on Their Roles as Prostate Cancer Detection Biomarkers. AUC, BPH, HC, PCa, PSA, Put, ROC, Spd, TRUSPB
78  2015 Amine oxidase-based biosensors for spermine and spermidine determination. FIA, GP, K M, PAO, PB, SMO, SPEs, Spmd, WE
79  2015 Application of gamma-aminobutyric acid demonstrates a protective role of polyamine and GABA metabolism in muskmelon seedlings under Ca(NO3)2 stress. ADC, DAO, GABA, GAD, ODC, PA, PAO, Put, SAMDC, Spd
80  2015 Changes in the content of free and conjugated polyamines during Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) growth. PAs, Put, Spd
81  2015 Cotton polyamine oxidase is required for spermine and camalexin signalling in the defence response to Verticillium dahliae. PAO, Spd
82  2015 Immunohistochemical expression of ornithine decarboxylase, diamine oxidase, putrescine, and spermine in normal canine enterocolic mucosa, in chronic colitis, and in colorectal cancer. DAO, ODC, Put
83  2015 Inulin Derivatives Obtained Via Enhanced Microwave Synthesis for Nucleic Acid Based Drug Delivery. ASOs, EMS, INU, NABD, siRNA
84  2015 Lead tolerance mechanism in sterilized seedlings of Potamogeton crispus L.: subcellular distribution, polyamines and proline. ADC, DAO, GK, MDA, OAT, ODC, PAs, PDH, PIS-bound, PS-conjugated, Put, Spd
85  2015 Lead-stress induced changes in the content of free, thylakoid- and chromatin-bound polyamines, photosynthetic parameters and ultrastructure in greening barley leaves. DAO, MDA, PAs, Put, Spd
86  2015 Molecular Cloning and Characterization of Spermine Synthesis Gene Associated with Cold Tolerance in Tea Plant (Camellia sinensis). CAT, cDNA, POD, RACE, SOD
87  2015 Over-expression of mouse ornithine decarboxylase gene under the control of fruit-specific promoter enhances fruit quality in tomato. Put, Spd
88  2015 Polyamine and Its Metabolite H2O2 Play a Key Role in the Conversion of Embryogenic Callus into Somatic Embryos in Upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). EC, PAs, Put, SE, Spd
89  2015 Polyamine regulates tolerance to water stress in leaves of white clover associated with antioxidant defense and dehydrin genes via involvement in calcium messenger system and hydrogen peroxide signaling. PA, Put, Spd
90  2015 Pretreatment with polyamines alleviate the deleterious effects of diuron in maize leaves. CAT, GPX, GR, Put, SOD, Spd
91  2015 Spermine alleviates drought stress in white clover with different resistance by influencing carbohydrate metabolism and dehydrins synthesis. SDH, SPS, SS, WSC
92  2015 Synthesis and biological evaluation of new C-10 substituted dithranol pleiotropic hybrids. DTR, LOX, PAs, Put, Spd
93  2015 The effects of plant growth regulators and L-phenylalanine on phenolic compounds of sweet basil. EBL, MeJA, PAL, RA
94  2015 Wounding induces changes in tuber polyamine content, polyamine metabolic gene expression, and enzyme activity during closing layer formation and initiation of wound periderm formation. PA, Put, Spd
95  2014 A quantitative analysis of the polyamine in lung cancer patient fingernails by LC-ESI-MS/MS. IS, Put
96  2014 Antizyme (AZ) regulates intestinal cell growth independent of polyamines. Asn, AZ, DFMO, Put, Spd
97  2014 Biochemical defense strategies in sterilized seedlings of Nymphoides peltatum adapted to lead stress. NPSH, PAs, PCs, PIS-bound, PS-conjugated, Put, S.G. mel, Spd
98  2014 Changes in free polyamine levels, expression of polyamine biosynthesis genes, and performance of rice cultivars under salt stress: a comparison with responses to drought. Put, Spd
99  2014 Changes of polyamine pattern in digestive glands of mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis under exposure to cadmium. Put, Spd
100  2014 Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus responses to spermine stress. MRSA, TC