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Abbreviation : TMP
Long Form : 2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2019 An Alkylpyrazine Synthesis Mechanism Involving l-Threonine-3-Dehydrogenase Describes the Production of 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine and 2,3,5-Trimethylpyrazine by Bacillus subtilis. 2,5-DMP, CoA, TDH, TTMP
2019 Tetramethylpyrazine Prevents Contrast-Induced Nephropathy via Modulating Tubular Cell Mitophagy and Suppressing Mitochondrial Fragmentation, CCL2/CCR2-Mediated Inflammation, and Intestinal Injury. AKI, CIN, CM, IHC, MQC, ROS, TEM
2018 GC-FID determination of tetramethylpyrazine and acetoin in vinegars and quantifying the dependence of tetramethylpyrazine on acetoin and ammonium. ---
2017 Tetramethylpyrazine blocks TFAM degradation and up-regulates mitochondrial DNA copy number by interacting with TFAM. ---
2016 2,3,5,6-Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) down-regulated arsenic-induced heme oxygenase-1 and ARS2 expression by inhibiting Nrf2, NF-kappaB, AP-1 and MAPK pathways in human proximal tubular cells. ARS2, HO-1, ZnPP
2015 Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine on Functional Recovery and Neuronal Dendritic Plasticity after Experimental Stroke. MCAO, mNSS
2015 Ligustrazine reduces blood-brain barrier permeability in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia and reperfusion. BBB
2014 2,3,5,6-Tetramethylpyrazine of Ephedra sinica regulates melanogenesis and inflammation in a UVA-induced melanoma/keratinocytes co-culture system. ---
2014 Structure and tunneling splitting spectra of methyl groups of tetramethylpyrazine in complexes with chloranilic and bromanilic acids. ---
10  2013 Development of a reservoir-type transdermal delivery system containing eucalyptus oil for tetramethylpyrazine. TDS
11  2013 Single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics of a novel tetramethylpyrazine reservoir-type transdermal patch versus tetramethylpyrazine phosphate oral tablets in healthy normal volunteers, and in vitro/in vivo correlation. av, TMPP
12  2012 Enhanced epimerization of glycosylated amino acids during solid-phase peptide synthesis. ---
13  2011 A comprehensive evaluation of the toxicology of cigarette ingredients: heterocyclic nitrogen compounds. AP, DEP
14  2011 Microemulsion-based novel transdermal delivery system of tetramethylpyrazine: preparation and evaluation in vitro and in vivo. ---
15  2010 Alkylpyrazines and other volatiles in cocoa liquors at pH 5 to 8, by Selected Ion Flow Tube-Mass Spectrometry (SIFT-MS). DMP, SIFT-MS, TrMP
16  2010 [Determination of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline in aroma rice using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry]. ---
17  2008 Tetramethylpyrazine inhibits activities of glioma cells and glutamate neuro-excitotoxicity: potential therapeutic application for treatment of gliomas. ---
18  2008 The effect of fixed charge modifications on electron capture dissociation. ECD, FRC
19  2007 Degradation of 2,5-dimethylpyrazine by Rhodococcus erythropolis strain DP-45 isolated from a waste gas treatment plant of a fishmeal processing company. 2,3-DMP, 2,5-DMP, 2,6-DMP, ABT, DPI, EMP, EP, HDMP, MP, PHZ
20  2006 Degradation of 2,3-diethyl-5-methylpyrazine by a newly discovered bacterium, Mycobacterium sp. strain DM-11. DHM, DM, EMP
21  2005 Inhibition of cyclic strain-induced endothelin-1 secretion by tetramethylpyrazine. ERK, ET, ROS
22  2003 Convolution method to predict drug concentration profiles of 2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine following transdermal application. NZW
23  2003 Physicochemical characterization and percutaneous delivery of 2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine. ---
24  2002 Hepatoprotective and therapeutic effects of tetramethylpyrazine on acute econazole-induced liver injury. ---
25  2002 Practical protocols for stepwise solid-phase synthesis of cysteine-containing peptides. BPTI, DIEA, DIPCDI, HATU, HOBt, NMM, O-Pfp, OHA, TEMP
26  2002 The prediction of plasma and brain levels of 2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine following transdermal application. PK, SD
27  2001 Separation and determination of ephedrine alkaloids and tetramethylpyrazine in Ephedra sinica Stapf by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. GC
28  2001 [Separation and determination of ephedrine alkaloids and 2,3,5,6-tetramethyl pyrazine in Ephedra herba by HPLC]. HPLC, RSD
29  2000 Analysis of tetramethylpyrazine in Ephedrae herba by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography. ---
30  1998 First description of the effect of a non-sulfonylurea compound, tetramethylpyrazine, on coronary response to desoxyglucose-induced ischemia. CPP, DOG
31  1976 [Effect of porphyrin ring ligands on the affinity of heme iron to axial ligands]. ---