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Abbreviation : TN
Long Form : toxin neutralization
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2012 Significance of circulating toxin and antitoxin in unimmunized tetanus cases ofneonates and infants. CNS, PHA
2008 Induction of high antitoxin titers against tetanus toxoid in rabbits by intranasal immunization with dextran microspheres. AATT, CDMs, TT
2002 Immunogenicity test of tetanus component in adsorbed vaccines by toxin binding inhibition test. DTP, ToBI
2000 [Use of the toxin-binding inhibition test for estimation of tetanus antitoxin in serum]. ToBI
1999 Evaluation of toxin neutralisation in test systems for diphtheria antibody assessment. ToBI
1999 Study on the use of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in determining human antibodies to diphtheria toxin as compared with a reference toxin neutralization assay. ELISA
1998 Quantitation of tetanus and diphtheria antitoxins in mouse sera by indirect haemagglutination. IHA
1996 Diphtheria antitoxin levels in US blood and plasma donors. DAT
1996 Use of in vitro Vero cell assay and ELISA in the United States potency test of vaccines containing adsorbed diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. US
10  1996 Validation of the toxin-binding inhibition (ToBI) test for the estimation of the potency of the tetanus toxoid component in vaccines. PT, ToBI
11  1995 Development, validation and acceptance of alternative methods in the quality control of vaccines: A case report. ECVAM, ToBI
12  1994 Comparative analysis of tetanus antitoxin titers of sera from immunized mice and guinea pigs determined by toxin neutralization test and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. ELISA
13  1994 Interlaboratory validation of in vitro serological assay systems to assess the potency of tetanus toxoid in vaccines for veterinary use. HA, ToBI
14  1994 Replacement of the Toxin Neutralisation Test in Mice by in vitro Serological Assay Systems for Potency Testing of Tetanus Toxoid Vaccines for Veterinary Use: Results of a European Collaborative Study. ELISA, HA
15  1994 Suitability of the Vero cell method for titration of diphtheria antitoxin in the United States potency test for diphtheria toxoid. ---
16  1993 Comparative studies of the in vivo toxin neutralization and the in vitro Vero cell assay methods for use in potency testing of diphtheria component in combined vaccines/toxoids. 1: Standardization of a modified Vero cell assay for toxin-antitoxin titration of immunized guinea-pig sera. ---
17  1991 The use of the in vitro toxin binding inhibition (ToBI) test for the estimation of the potency of tetanus toxoid. ToBI
18  1989 Combined estimation of tetanus and diphtheria antitoxin in human sera by the in vitro Toxin-Binding Inhibition (ToBI) test. ToBI
19  1989 The detection of Clostridium perfringens epsilon antitoxin in rabbit serum by monoclonal antibody based competition ELISA. CELISA
20  1988 The reduction of animal usage by the application of indirect haemagglutination in the potency testing of diphtheria toxoid in combined vaccines. IHA
21  1988 The toxin binding inhibition test as a reliable in vitro alternative to the toxin neutralization test in mice for the estimation of tetanus antitoxin in human sera. ToBI-test
22  1987 A comparison of the indirect haemagglutination test with the toxin neutralization test for the estimation of diphtheria antitoxin in mouse sera. IHA
23  1985 The titration of tetanus antitoxin IV. Studies on the sensitivity and reproducibility of the toxin neutralization test. 2-ME
24  1985 The titration of tetanus antitoxin V. Effect of formalization method for the fixation of sheep erythrocytes on the indirect haemagglutination test. IHA
25  1984 The titration of tetanus antitoxin II. A comparative evaluation of the indirect haemagglutination and toxin neutralization tests. 2-ME, IHA
26  1984 The titration of tetanus antitoxin III. A comparative evaluation of indirect haemagglutination and toxin neutralization titres of human sera. 2-ME, IHA
27  1980 Influence of anti-fragment A of diphtheria toxin on passive hemagglutination with antitoxin. FrA, HA
28  1978 Titration of tetanus antitoxin by passive hemagglutination. II. Serological characteristics of antitoxin production in rabbits and monkeys. HA
29  1975 An indirect immunofluorescent test for human antibodies to tetanus toxoid using an insoluble toxoid as antigen. FA
30  1970 Immunization against neonatal tetanus in New Guinea. 4. Comparison of tetanus antitoxin titres obtained by haemagglutination and toxin neutralization in mice. HA