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Abbreviation : TO
Long Form : turbulence onset
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2019 Prognostic Significance of Heart Rate Turbulence Parameters in Patients with Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy. HRT, NC, SDNN, TS
2018 Reduced heart rate response after premature ventricular contraction depending on severity of atrial fibrillation symptoms - Analysis on heart rate turbulence in atrial fibrillation patients. AF, HRT, pts, TS
2018 Severe abnormal Heart Rate Turbulence Onset is associated with deterioration of liver cirrhosis. HRT
2016 Cardiac autonomic nervous dysfunction detected by both heart rate variability and heart rate turbulence in prediabetic patients with isolated impaired fasting glucose. CAND, FPG, HRT, HRV, IFG, IGT, TS
2016 Heart rate variability and heart rate turbulence in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. BMI, HRT, HRV, PCOS
2016 Which is responsible for cardiac autonomic dysfunction in non-diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome: Prediabetes or the syndrome itself? CAD, FPG, HRT, HRV, MS, TS
2015 Association of Heart Rate Turbulence With Arrhythmia Susceptibility and Heart Disease in Mice. HRT, TS, VTs
2015 Autonomic modulation in hypertension without hypertrophy. HRT, HRV, LVH, TS
2015 Cardiac autonomic function in healthy young smokers. HRT, HRV, NDI, NN
10  2015 Determinants of heart rate turbulence in individuals without apparent heart disease and in patients with stable coronary artery disease. CAD, HRT, LVEF, OR, TS
11  2015 Heart Rate Turbulence Analysis in Subclinical Hypothroidism Heart Rate Turbulence in Hypothyroidism. HRT, SCH, TS, TSH
12  2015 Heart rate turbulence and deceleration capacity for risk prediction of serious arrhythmic events in Marfan syndrome. DC, HRT, MFS, NT-proBNP, SCD, TS
13  2015 Heart rate turbulence in masked hypertension and white-coat hypertension. HRT, MH, TS, WCH
14  2015 Heart rate turbulence in patients with stable coronary artery disease and its relationship with the severity of the disease. CAD, HRT
15  2015 Severity of arterial and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension is associated with impairment of heart rate turbulence. 6MWT, HRT, PH, TS
16  2014 Assessment of heart rate turbulence in hypertensive patients: rationale, perspectives, and insight into autonomic nervous system dysfunction. TS
17  2014 Could decreased vitamin D levels be related with impaired cardiac autonomic functions in patients with chronic heart failure: an observational study. HF, IDCM, NIDCM, TS
18  2014 Effects of pathological respiratory pattern on heart rate turbulence in sleep apnea. HRT, NR, OA, OSAS, TS
19  2014 Heart rate turbulence in patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus type 2. CAN, DM, HRT, HRV, TS
20  2014 Impact of sleep-disordered breathing on heart rate turbulence in heart failure patients. CHF, HRT, RDI, SDB, TS
21  2014 Induced and spontaneous heart rate turbulence in mice: influence of coupling interval. ECGs, EP, HRT, VPCs
22  2014 Prognostic significance of heart rate turbulence parameters in patients with chronic heart failure. CHF, CRP, Hcy, HRT, LVEDD, LVEF, RHR, SDNN, TS
23  2014 [Shock shape representation of sinus heart rate based on cloud model]. TS
24  2013 Assessment of short-term prognosis by sinus heart rate turbulence in patients with unstable angina. HRT, HRV, LVEF, SDNN, TS, UA
25  2013 Heart rate turbulence in patients with metabolic syndrome. CVD, HRT, TS
26  2013 Heart rate turbulence. HRT, TS
27  2013 In-hospital heart rate turbulence and microvolt T-wave alternans abnormalities for prediction of early life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia after acute myocardial infarction. AMI, HRT, ICD, ROC-AUC, SCD, TS, TWA, VA
28  2013 [Heart rate turbulence and T-wave alternans as markers of risk of sudden cardiac death in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy]. HCMP, HRT, MTWA, NVT, SCD
29  2012 Ambulatory ECG-based T-wave alternans and heart rate turbulence can predict cardiac mortality in patients with myocardial infarction with or without diabetes mellitus. AECGs, DM, HRT, MI, MMA, SCD, TS, TWA
30  2012 Assessment of the relationship between non-dipping phenomenon and heart rate turbulence. BP, HRT, TS
31  2012 Heart rate turbulence in healthy dogs and dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy. HRT, TS, VPC
32  2012 Heart rate turbulence in mild-to-moderate aortic stenosis in boxers. HRT, LVM, SAS, TS
33  2012 Influence of acute stress on cardiac electrophysiological stability in male goats. HRT, HRV, TS, VFT, VVP
34  2012 Non-invasive risk stratification for sudden cardiac death by heart rate turbulence and microvolt T-wave alternans in patients after myocardial infarction. CI, HRT, MI, MTWA, NPV, PPV, RR, SCD, TS
35  2012 Risk stratification for serious arrhythmic events using nonsustained ventricular tachycardia and heart rate turbulence detected by 24-hour holter electrocardiograms in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. ECGs, HRT, LV, NSVT, SCD, TS, VTs
36  2012 The effect of metabolic syndrome on heart rate turbulence in non-diabetic patients. HRT, MetS, TS
37  2011 Autonomic nervous system dysfunction in advanced systolic heart failure. HF, HMR, HRT, TS, WR
38  2011 Cardiac autonomic function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: heart rate turbulence analysis. HRT, RA, TS, VPC
39  2011 Circadian Patterns of Heart Rate Turbulence, Heart Rate Variability and Their Relationship. HF, HRT, HRV, LF, TS
40  2011 Clinical and haemodynamic correlates of heart rate turbulence as a non-invasive index of baroreflex sensitivity in chronic heart failure. CI, HF, HRT, LVEF, NYHA, PCP, TS
41  2011 Heart rate turbulence can predict cardiac mortality following myocardial infarction in patients with diabetes mellitus. DM, ECGs, HR, HRT, LVEF, MI, TS, VT
42  2011 Heart rate variability and heart rate turbulence in hypothyroidism before and after treatment. HRT, HRV, TS
43  2011 Heart rate variability and turbulence to determine true coronary artery disease in patients with ST segment depression without angina during exercise stress testing. CA, HRT, HRV, TS
44  2011 Heart rhythm turbulence and NT-proBNP in decompensated liver cirrhosis--a pilot study. BNP, HRT, TS
45  2011 Implications of turbulence slope variations in different approaches. HRT, HRV, TS
46  2011 Influence of long-term oxygen therapy on cardiac acceleration and deceleration capacity in hypoxic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. AC, DC, COPD, HRT, PRSA, TS
47  2011 Relationship of abnormal heart rate turbulence and elevated CRP to cardiac mortality in low, intermediate, and high-risk older adults. CI, CRP, HRT, TS
48  2011 Short-term variability of heart rate turbulence in chronic heart failure. CHF, CI, HRT, TS
49  2011 [Cardiac autonomic function and cardiac arrhythmias in patients with obstructive sleep apnea]. AHI, HRT, HRV, OSAS, TS
50  2010 Detection performance and risk stratification using a model-based shape index characterizing heart rate turbulence. HRT, IPFM, TS
51  2010 Heart rate turbulence assessment in systemic sclerosis: the role for the detection of cardiac autonomic nervous system dysfunction. HRT, HRV, TS
52  2010 Heart rate turbulence impairment and ventricular arrhythmias in patients with systemic sclerosis. CI, HRT, TS, VA-LownIV
53  2010 Pulmonary hypertension in systemic sclerosis determines cardiac autonomic dysfunction assessed by heart rate turbulence. HRT, PH, SSc, TS
54  2010 Reproducibility of heart rate turbulence indexes in heart failure patients. HF, HRT, VPC
55  2010 [Relationship among heart rate turbulence, QT dispersion and heart function in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy]. DCM, ECG, HRT, LVEDD, LVEF, QTd, TS, VPC
56  2009 Heart rate turbulence as a predictor of cardiac mortality and arrhythmic events in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy: a prospective study. DCM, HR, HRT, TS
57  2009 Impact of preceding ventricular premature beats on heart rate turbulence. ECG, HRT, TS, VPC
58  2009 Influence of heavy cigarette smoking on heart rate variability and heart rate turbulence parameters. HF, HRT, HRV, RMSSD, SDANN, SDNN, TS
59  2009 Prognostic value of heart rate turbulence and its relation to inflammation in patients with unstable angina pectoris. CI, HRT, TS, UAP
60  2009 Relationship of heart rate turbulence, heart rate variability and the number of ventricular premature beats in patients with mitral valve prolapse and non-significant regurgitation. HRT, HRV, MVP, TS, VPCs
61  2009 [Correlation of heart rate turbulence to coronary lesions and its changes following percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty]. AECG, CAG, HRT, PTCA, TS, TT
62  2008 Analysis of heart rate turbulence in advanced heart failure and heart transplantation patients. EF, HF, HRT, HT, MHR, PVCs, TS
63  2008 Clinical significance of heart rate turbulence assessment in patients with chronic heart failure. BNP, HRT, TS, UA
64  2008 Heart rate turbulence in patients with chronic heart failure. CHF, HM, HRT, HRV, LVEF, MI, TS, VT
65  2008 Heart rate turbulence predicts all-cause mortality and sudden death in congestive heart failure patients. CHF, HR, HRT, HRT2, MUSIC, NYHA
66  2008 Model-based detection of heart rate turbulence. HRT, HtP, HtR, TS, VEB
67  2008 Novel measures of heart rate variability predict cardiovascular mortality in older adults independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors: the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS). CHS, CVD, CVdth, FRS, HRT, TS, VPCs
68  2008 Significance of Wedensky Modulation testing in the evaluation of non-invasive risk stratification for ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients with coronary artery disease and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. EP, HF, ICD, LF, SDNN, TP, TS, VLF, VT, WM, WMI
69  2008 [Influence of spontaneous ventricular premature beat coupling interval on the value of heart rate turbulence]. LVEF, MI, TS, VPB
70  2007 Cardiac autonomic function evaluated by the heart rate turbulence method was not changed in obese patients without co-morbidities. HRT, TS
71  2007 Effect of benazepril on heart rate turbulence in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. ACEI, DCM, HR, LVEF, TS
72  2007 Heart rate turbulence after atrial premature complexes depends on coupling interval and atrioventricular nodal conduction. APCs, AV, HRT
73  2007 Heart rate turbulence after short runs of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia in chronic heart failure. EF, HF, HRT, HRV, NSVT, TS
74  2007 Heart rate turbulence and variability in patients with ventricular arrhythmias. HRT, HRV
75  2007 Heart rate turbulence parameters correlate with post-premature ventricular contraction changes in muscle sympathetic activity. HRT, PVC, SNA
76  2007 Heart rate turbulence: an additional parameter in determining the need for mechanical relief of mitral stenosis? HRT, MS, TS, TTE
77  2007 [Analysis of the effect of circadian rhythm on the heart rate turbulence in patients without evidence of organic heart disease]. HRT, SCD, TS
78  2007 [Heart rate turbulence--a new predictor of sudden cardiac death]. HRT, SCD, TS
79  2006 Effects of atropine and pirenzepine on heart rate turbulence. HRT, TS, VPB
80  2006 Heart rate turbulence as a noninvasive risk predictor of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in myotonic dystrophy type 1. EPS, HRT, MD1, SVA, TS, VANH
81  2006 Heart rate turbulence slope reduction in imminent ventricular tachyarrhythmia and its implications. HRT, LVEF, SD, TS, TT
82  2005 Abnormal heart rate turbulence predicts the initiation of ventricular arrhythmias. BNP, HRT, LVEF, PVCs, PVS, TWA, VT
83  2005 Carvedilol versus metoprolol in the acute phase of myocardial infarction:. AMI, PCI, TS, VPBs
84  2005 Characteristics of heart beat intervals and prediction of death. CAST, ECG, HRT, HRV, ICD, LVEF, TS, VPCs
85  2005 Correlation of heart rate turbulence with sympathovagal balance in patients with acute myocardial infarction. 123I-mIBG, TS
86  2005 Heart rate turbulence after atrial premature beats before spontaneous onset of atrial fibrillation. AF, ApEn
87  2005 Heart rate turbulence and left ventricular ejection fraction in Chagas disease. EF, HRT, HRV, LVEF, PVCs, RMSSD, SDNN, TS
88  2005 QT-interval turbulence induced by atrial and ventricular extrastimuli in patients with ventricular tachycardia. EF, HR, LV, TS, VT
89  2005 Regular physical exercise, heart rate variability and turbulence in a 6-year randomized controlled trial in middle-aged men: the DNASCO study. HRT, HRV, TS, VAT, VPC
90  2005 [Clinical research of heart rate turbulence on predictive value in patients with acute myocardial infarction]. HRT, HRV, TS
91  2004 Effect of electrophysiologic character of ventricular premature beat on heart rate turbulence. HRT, TS
92  2004 Relationship between heart rate turbulence and heart rate, heart rate variability, and number of ventricular premature beats in coronary patients. HRT, HRV, TS, VPBs
93  2004 Restoration of heart rate turbulence by titrated beta-blocker therapy in patients with advanced congestive heart failure: positive correlation with enhanced vagal modulation of heart rate. HRT, HRV, TS
94  2004 [Assessment of cardiac arrhythmias in patients suffering from essential hypertension]. HRT, TS
95  2003 Association of the heart rate turbulence with classic risk stratification parameters in postmyocardial infarction patients. HRT, HRV, TS
96  2003 Clinical covariates of abnormal heart rate turbulence in coronary patients. CAD, HRT, TS
97  2003 Heart rate turbulence after atrial and ventricular premature beats: relation to left ventricular function and coupling intervals. APB, HRT, TS, VPB
98  2003 Heart rate turbulence after ventricular and atrial premature beats in subjects without structural heart disease. APBs, EP, HR, SDNN, TS, VBPs, VE
99  2003 Heart rate turbulence in Chagas disease. HRT, TS, VPCs
100  2002 A phenomenon of heart-rate turbulence, its evaluation, and prognostic value. HRT, TS