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Abbreviation : WG
Long Form : whole grain
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2019 A higher ratio of refined grain to whole grain is associated with a greater likelihood of chronic kidney disease: a population-based study. ACR, CKD, eGFR, NHANES, RG
2019 A Whole-Grain Diet Increases Glucose-Stimulated Insulin Secretion Independent of Gut Hormones in Adults at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes. GSIS, RG
2019 Consumption of whole grain food and its determinants in a general Italian population: Results from the INHES study. INHES
2019 Determination of Postprandial Glycemic Responses by Continuous Glucose Monitoring in a Real-World Setting. CGM, WB
2019 Differential metabolic signatures in naturally and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) fermented ting (a Southern African food) with different tannin content, as revealed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based metabolomics. GC-HRTOF-MS, GC-MS, HT, LAB, LT, OPLS-DA, PCA
2019 Effect of whole-grain consumption on changes in fecal microbiota: a review of human intervention trials. ---
2019 Effects of dietary whole grain, fruit, and vegetables on weight and inflammatory biomarkers in overweight and obese women. MDA, WG-D, WGFV-D
2019 Health Star Rating in Grain Foods-Does It Adequately Differentiate Refined and Whole Grain Foods? DF, HSR, RG
2019 Oatmeal-Containing Breakfast is Associated with Better Diet Quality and Higher Intake of Key Food Groups and Nutrients Compared to Other Breakfasts in Children. HEI-2015, NHANES
10  2019 Pre- and post-diagnostic intake of whole grain and dairy products and breast cancer prognosis: the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort. ---
11  2019 Prevotella Abundance Predicts Weight Loss Success in Healthy, Overweight Adults Consuming a Whole-Grain Diet Ad Libitum: A Post Hoc Analysis of a 6-Wk Randomized Controlled Trial. RW
12  2019 Reduction of Mycotoxins during Fermentation of Whole Grain Sorghum to Whole Grain Ting (a Southern African Food). alpha-ZOL, beta-ZOL, ZEA
13  2019 The Relationship between Whole Grain Intake and Body Weight: Results of Meta-Analyses of Observational Studies and Randomized Controlled Trials. BMI, CI, RCTs
14  2018 Adiposity mediates the association between whole grain consumption, glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance: findings from the US NHANES. apoB, apVAT, BMI, CRP, FBG, HbA1c, HOMA-IR, IR, TG, TyG, WC
15  2018 Biomarkers of Whole Grain Intake. ---
16  2018 Effects of Whole-Grain Rice and Wheat on Composition of Gut Microbiota and Short-Chain Fatty Acids in Rats. PR, RW, SCFAs, UPR, WW
17  2018 Evaluation of alkylresorcinols in adipose tissue biopsies as a long-term biomarker of whole-grain wheat and rye intake in free-living Swedish men and women. AR
18  2018 Impact of rye-based evening meals on cognitive functions, mood and cardiometabolic risk factors: a randomized controlled study in healthy middle-aged subjects. RS2, WWB
19  2018 Inclusion levels and modes of whole grain incorporation into wheat-based rations differentially influence the performance of broiler chickens. AME, FCR, ME, WGF
20  2018 Increased Plasma Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor 10.5 h after Intake of Whole Grain Rye-Based Products in Healthy Subjects. BDNF, RKB, T2D
21  2018 New alkylresorcinol metabolites in spot urine as biomarkers of whole grain wheat and rye intake in a Swedish middle-aged population. AR, DHPPTA
22  2018 Role of whole grains versus fruits and vegetables in reducing subclinical inflammation and promoting gastrointestinal health in individuals affected by overweight and obesity: a randomized controlled trial. FV, hs-CRP, IL-6, LBP, S/BCFA, TNF-alpha
23  2018 The cholesterol-lowering effect of statins is potentiated by whole grains intake. The Polish Norwegian Study (PONS). PONS
24  2017 A High Rate of Non-Compliance Confounds the Study of Whole Grains and Weight Maintenance in a Randomised Intervention Trial-The Case for Greater Use of Dietary Biomarkers in Nutrition Intervention Studies. RG
25  2017 Avenacosides: Metabolism, and potential use as exposure biomarkers of oat intake. AVE-B
26  2017 Dietary fibers and associated phytochemicals in cereals. DF
27  2017 Novel urinary alkylresorcinol metabolites as biomarkers of whole grain intake in free-living Swedish adults. AR, DHBA, DHCA-amide, DHPPA, DHPPTA
28  2017 Obese ZDF rats fermented resistant starch with effects on gut microbiota but no reduction in abdominal fat. GLP-1, RS, ZDF
29  2017 Providing evidence to support the development of whole grain dietary recommendations in the United Kingdom. ---
30  2017 Substituting whole grains for refined grains in a 6-wk randomized trial has a modest effect on gut microbiota and immune and inflammatory markers of healthy adults. FDR, RGs, SCFA
31  2017 Targeted metabolomics reveals differences in the extended postprandial plasma metabolome of healthy subjects after intake of whole-grain rye porridges versus refined wheat bread. ---
32  2017 The whole grain content of foods consumed in the UK. ---
33  2017 Whole grain in manufactured foods: Current use, challenges and the way forward. ---
34  2017 Whole Grain Intake and Glycaemic Control in Healthy Subjects: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. MD, RCT
35  2017 Whole Grain Nutrition Education Program Improves Whole Grain Knowledge and Behaviors Among Community-Residing Older Adults. ---
36  2017 Whole Grains Contribute Only a Small Proportion of Dietary Fiber to the U.S. Diet. DF
37  2016 Comparison of plasma alkylresorcinols (AR) and urinary AR metabolites as biomarkers of compliance in a short-term, whole-grain intervention study. AR
38  2016 Effects of increased wholegrain consumption on immune and inflammatory markers in healthy low habitual wholegrain consumers. ARs
39  2016 Extruded whole grain diets based on brown, soaked and germinated rice. Effects on the lipid profile and antioxidant status of growing Wistar rats. Part II. CAT, GPx, GR, MDA eq, TAGs
40  2016 Thinking critically about whole-grain definitions: summary report of an interdisciplinary roundtable discussion at the 2015 Whole Grains Summit. ---
41  2016 Urinary Biomarkers of Whole Grain Wheat Intake Identified by Non-targeted and Targeted Metabolomics Approaches. RG
42  2016 Validation of Reported Whole-Grain Intake from a Web-Based Dietary Record against Plasma Alkylresorcinol Concentrations in 8- to 11-Year-Olds Participating in a Randomized Controlled Trial. AR, HLM, ICCs, UBL
43  2016 Whole Grain Intake and Mortality From All Causes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. CI, CVD, NHANES
44  2016 Whole-grain dietary recommendations: the need for a unified global approach. ---
45  2015 Discovery of urinary biomarkers of whole grain rye intake in free-living subjects using nontargeted LC-MS metabolite profiling. ---
46  2015 Increased whole grain consumption does not affect blood biochemistry, body composition, or gut microbiology in healthy, low-habitual whole grain consumers. 3DFDs, BMI, BP, RG
47  2015 Ten-year trends in fiber and whole grain intakes and food sources for the United States population: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2010. NHANES, RTEC, US
48  2015 Whole-grain foods and chronic disease: evidence from epidemiological and intervention studies. ---
49  2015 Whole-grain products and whole-grain types are associated with lower all-cause and cause-specific mortality in the Scandinavian HELGA cohort. MRR
50  2015 Whole-grain wheat consumption reduces inflammation in a randomized controlled trial on overweight and obese subjects with unhealthy dietary and lifestyle behaviors: role of polyphenols bound to cereal dietary fiber. DHFA, FA, IL, RW, TNF-alpha
51  2014 A food service intervention improves whole grain access at lunch in rural elementary schools. CHANGE
52  2014 Effects of whole and refined grains in a weight-loss diet on markers of metabolic syndrome in individuals with increased waist circumference: a randomized controlled-feeding trial. AT, HDL, MetS, RGs
53  2014 Identification and pharmacokinetics of novel alkylresorcinol metabolites in human urine, new candidate biomarkers for whole-grain wheat and rye intake. 3,5-DHBA, 3,5-DHPPA, 3,5-DHPPTA
54  2014 The influence of whole grain products and red meat on intestinal microbiota composition in normal weight adults: a randomized crossover intervention trial. DGGE, RM
55  2014 Total dietary fiber intakes in the US population are related to whole grain consumption: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009 to 2010. RTE
56  2013 A whole-grain-rich diet reduces urinary excretion of markers of protein catabolism and gut microbiota metabolism in healthy men after one week. RG
57  2013 Alkylresorcinol metabolites in urine correlate with the intake of whole grains and cereal fibre in free-living Swedish adults. AR, Cr
58  2013 Identifying whole grain foods: a comparison of different approaches for selecting more healthful whole grain products. WG-first, WG-first-no-added-sugars, WG-Stamp
59  2013 Intake of whole-grain and fiber-rich rye bread versus refined wheat bread does not differentiate intestinal microbiota composition in Finnish adults with metabolic syndrome. ---
60  2013 Long-term reproducibility of plasma alkylresorcinols as biomarkers of whole-grain wheat and rye intake within Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study Cohort. AR, CI, ICC
61  2013 The effect of high fiber snacks on digestive function and diet quality in a sample of school-age children. DF
62  2013 UPLC-QTOF/MS metabolic profiling unveils urinary changes in humans after a whole grain rye versus refined wheat bread intervention. RB
63  2012 Alkylresorcinol metabolism in Swedish adults is affected by factors other than intake of whole-grain wheat and rye. AR, DHBA, DHPPA
64  2012 Alkylresorcinol metabolite concentrations in spot urine samples correlated with whole grain and cereal fiber intake but showed low to modest reproducibility over one to three years in U.S. women. AR, DHBA, DHPPA, ICC
65  2012 Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. GI, WP
66  2012 Fecal lactic acid bacteria increased in adolescents randomized to whole-grain but not refined-grain foods, whereas inflammatory cytokine production decreased equally with both interventions. eq, LAB, RG
67  2012 Intake of whole grain in Scandinavia: intake, sources and compliance with new national recommendations. 24HDR
68  2012 Metabolomics reveals the metabolic shifts following an intervention with rye bread in postmenopausal women--a randomized control trial. RB
69  2012 Plasma alkylresorcinols as a biomarker of whole-grain food consumption in a large population: results from the WHOLEheart Intervention Study. AR
70  2012 The role of whole grains in body weight regulation. RG
71  2011 A whole-grain cereal-rich diet increases plasma betaine, and tends to decrease total and LDL-cholesterol compared with a refined-grain diet in healthy subjects. RG
72  2011 Consumption of whole grains is associated with improved diet quality and nutrient intake in children and adolescents: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004. HEI
73  2011 Intake of whole grains in Scandinavia is associated with healthy lifestyle, socio-economic and dietary factors. ---
74  2011 Nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabolomics enable detection of the effects of a whole grain rye and rye bran diet on the metabolic profile of plasma in prostate cancer patients. PC, RP
75  2011 Plasma alkylresorcinol concentrations correlate with whole grain wheat and rye intake and show moderate reproducibility over a 2- to 3-month period in free-living Swedish adults. AR
76  2010 Determination of the in vivo prebiotic potential of a maize-based whole grain breakfast cereal: a human feeding study. NWG
77  2010 Intake of wholegrain products and risk of colorectal cancers in the Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study. IRRs
78  2010 Markers of cardiovascular risk are not changed by increased whole-grain intake: the WHOLEheart study, a randomised, controlled dietary intervention. ---
79  2010 Whole grains: benefits and challenges. CHD, CVD
80  2009 Children's acceptance, nutritional, and instrumental evaluations of whole grain and soluble fiber enriched foods. CTR, SF, TDF, TRT
81  2009 Validation of a FFQ for estimating whole-grain cereal food intake. 3DWFR, AR, FFQ1
82  2008 Whole grain consumption and body mass index in adult women: an analysis of NHANES 1999-2000 and the USDA pyramid servings database. BMI
83  2008 Whole-grain wheat breakfast cereal has a prebiotic effect on the human gut microbiota: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. TC