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Abbreviation : kdr
Long Form : knockdown resistance
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2022 Association of voltage-gated sodium channel mutations with field-evolved pyrethroid resistant phenotypes in soybean aphid and genetic markers for their detection. VGSC
2022 Community structure and insecticide resistance of malaria vectors in northern-central Myanmar. CBTC, GMS, RFCL, s.l
2022 Composition of mosquito fauna and insecticide resistance status of Anopheles gambiae sensu lato in Itang special district, Gambella, Southwestern Ethiopia. IRS, LLINs, PCR, PSC, s.l, WHO
2022 Detection and population genetic analysis of kdr L1014F variant in eastern Ethiopian Anopheles stephensi. VGSC
2022 Determination of Knockdown Resistance (kdr) Allele Frequencies (T929I mutation) in Head Louse Populations from Mexico, Canada, and Peru. ---
2022 Evidence for Multiple Origins of Knockdown Resistance (kdr) in Spodoptera exigua (Hübna) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) From China. VGSC
2022 Evidence of pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles amharicus and Anopheles arabiensis from Arjo-Didessa irrigation scheme, Ethiopia. PCR
2022 First detection of voltage-gated sodium channel mutations in Phlebotomus argentipes collected from Bangladesh. IRS, VGSC
2022 First report of classical knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation, L1014F, in human head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Anoplura). ---
10  2022 Genome-wide Association Study Reveals New Loci Associated With Pyrethroid Resistance in Aedes aegypti. GWAS, SNPs
11  2022 Knockdown resistance (kdr) gene of Aedes aegypti in Malaysia with the discovery of a novel regional specific point mutation A1007G. AS-PCR, VGSC, WHO
12  2022 Knockdown Resistance Mutations in the Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Myanmar. VGSC
13  2022 Molecular and Biochemical Detection of Insecticide Resistance in the Leishmania Vector, Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) to Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and Pyrethroids, in Central Iran. GST, MFO, RR, VGSC
14  2022 Morphological identification and genetic characterization of Anopheles stephensi in Somaliland. COI, HOA
15  2022 Population genetic structure and evolutionary genetics of Anopheles sinensis based on knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations and mtDNA-COII gene in China-Laos, Thailand-Laos, and Cambodia-Laos borders. COII, VGSC
16  2022 Prevalence of Knock-Down Resistance F1534S Mutations in Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) in North Carolina. ---
17  2022 Pyrethroid-linked resistance allelic mutations by molecular analysis in wild human head louse (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) populations from schoolgirls of South Iran. PCR, VSSC
18  2022 Spatial heterogeneity of knockdown resistance mutations in the dengue vector Aedes albopictus in Guangzhou, China. VGSC
19  2021 A Challenge for a Unique Dengue Vector Control Programme: Assessment of the Spatial Variation of Insecticide Resistance Status amongst Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus Populations in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka. MOH
20  2021 A first, naturally occurring substitution at the second pyrethroid receptor of voltage-gated sodium channel of Aedes aegypti. VGSC
21  2021 Analysis of the insecticide resistance mechanism in Anopheles culicifacies sensu lato from a malaria-endemic state in India. VGSC
22  2021 Bioallethrin activates specific olfactory sensory neurons and elicits spatial repellency in Aedes aegypti. ORs
23  2021 Efficacy and safety of a dimethicone lotion in patients with pyrethroid-resistant head lice in an epidemic area, Okinawa, Japan. ---
24  2021 Efficacy of five commercial household insecticide aerosol sprays against pyrethroid resistant Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes in Thailand. ---
25  2021 Entomological and Molecular Surveillance of Anopheles Mosquitoes in Freetown, Sierra Leone, 2019. IRS, ITN
26  2021 First Report of the L993S Mutation in the Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel in Field Populations of the German Cockroach Blattella germanica. DDT, VGSC
27  2021 Genetic markers associated with insecticide resistance and resting behaviour in Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes in selected sites in Kenya. ace-1R, s.l
28  2021 High pyrethroid/DDT resistance in major malaria vector Anopheles coluzzii from Niger-Delta of Nigeria is probably driven by metabolic resistance mechanisms. FC, PBO
29  2021 Identification and phylogenetic analysis of voltage-gated sodium channel haplotypes in the malaria vector Anopheles sinensis using a high-throughput amplicon sequencing approach. NGS, VGSC
30  2021 Impact of selection regime and introgression on deltamethrin resistance in the arbovirus vector Aedes aegypti - a comparative study between contrasted situations in New Caledonia and French Guiana. ---
31  2021 Insecticide resistance and genetic structure of Aedes aegypti populations from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Cgy, Ibr, Igg, Ipn, IR, Mgr, RJ, Vsr, WHO
32  2021 Insecticide resistance in Aedes aegypti from Tapachula, Mexico: Spatial variation and response to historical insecticide use. LC50, RR
33  2021 Insecticide resistance status in Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) in coastal Kenya. DDT, s.l
34  2021 Insecticide resistance status of Anopheles arabiensis in irrigated and non-irrigated areas in western Kenya. IRS, LLINs, PBO, PCR
35  2021 Insecticide susceptibility status and knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation in Aedes albopictus in China. ---
36  2021 Insights into factors sustaining persistence of high malaria transmission in forested areas of sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Mvoua, South Cameroon. HLC, LLIN
37  2021 Kdr genotyping (V1016I, F1534C) of the Nav channel of Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquito populations in Harris County (Houston), Texas, USA, after Permanone 31-66 field tests and its influence on probability of survival. ---
38  2021 Knockdown Resistance (kdr) Mutations I1532T and F1534S Were Identified in Aedes albopictus Field Populations in Zhejiang Province, Central China. JX, QZ, VGSC, WZ, YW
39  2021 Large-Scale Deployment and Establishment of Wolbachia Into the Aedes aegypti Population in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ---
40  2021 Molecular Monitoring of Knockdown Resistance in Head Louse (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) Populations in Iran. HW, VSSC
41  2021 Multiple Resistance Mechanisms to Pyrethroids Insecticides in Anopheles gambiae sensu lato Population From Mali, West Africa. PBO
42  2021 Mutations associated with pyrethroid resistance in Varroa mite, a parasite of honey bees, are widespread across the United States. ---
43  2021 Negative cross-resistance of a pyrethroid-resistant Drosophila mutant to Phryma leptostachya-derived haedoxan A. HA, NCR
44  2021 Overall Prevalence and Distribution of Knockdown Resistance (kdr) Mutations in Aedes aegypti from Mandalay Region, Myanmar. VGSC
45  2021 Permethrin resistance in Aedes aegypti: Genomic variants that confer knockdown resistance, recovery, and death. SNPs, VGSC
46  2021 Phenotypic and haplotypic profiles of insecticide resistance in populations of Aedes aegypti larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) from central Lao PDR. Bti, PDR
47  2021 Rapid evolution of knockdown resistance haplotypes in response to pyrethroid selection in Aedes aegypti. ---
48  2021 Status of insecticide susceptibility in Anopheles arabiensis and detection of the knockdown resistance mutation (kdr) concerning agricultural practices from Northern Sudan state, Sudan. ---
49  2021 Sub-Lethal Effects of lamda-Cyhalothrin on Behavior and Development of the Parasitoid Aphidius colemani (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on kdr-Resistant and Susceptible Green Peach Aphid, Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). ---
50  2021 The discovery of a novel knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation A1007G on Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from Malaysia. VGSC
51  2021 The pattern of kdr mutations correlated with the temperature in field populations of Aedes albopictus in China. AAT, VGSC
52  2021 The presence of knockdown resistance mutations reduces male mating competitiveness in the major arbovirus vector, Aedes aegypti. WBF
53  2021 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel (Vgsc) Mutation-Based Pyrethroid Resistance in Aedes aegypti Populations of Three Endemic Dengue Risk Areas of Sri Lanka. VCE, VGSC
54  2021 Widespread Mutations in Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Gene of Cimex lectularius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Populations in Paris. ---
55  2020 A new knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation, F1534L, in the voltage-gated sodium channel of Aedes aegypti, co-occurring with F1534C, S989P and V1016G. ASPCR, VGSC
56  2020 Anopheline Mosquito Species Composition, Kdr Mutation Frequency, and Parasite Infectivity Status in Northern Tanzania. ---
57  2020 Detection of target-site and metabolic resistance to pyrethroids in the bed bug Cimex lectularius in Berlin, Germany. ---
58  2020 First evidence of the mutations associated with pyrethroid resistance in head lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from Honduras. PCR, RFLP, VSSC
59  2020 Grain aphids (Sitobion avenae) with knockdown resistance (kdr) to insecticide exhibit fitness trade-offs, including increased vulnerability to the natural enemy Aphidius ervi. ---
60  2020 Insecticide resistance and molecular characterization of knockdown resistance (kdr) in Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes in Sri Lanka. LF, OP, PY
61  2020 Insecticide Resistance Mechanisms in Triatoma infestans (Reduviidae: Triatominae): The Putative Role of Enhanced Detoxification and Knockdown Resistance (kdr) Allele in a Resistant Hotspot From the Argentine Chaco. ---
62  2020 Insecticide resistance status of Aedes aegypti in Bangladesh. ---
63  2020 Insecticide susceptibility of the sand fly leishmaniasis vector Phlebotomus argentipes in Sri Lanka. ---
64  2020 Investigation of deltamethrin resistance in salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) provides no evidence for roles of mutations in voltage-gated sodium channels. mtDNA
65  2020 Monitoring and molecular profiling of contemporary insecticide resistance status of malaria vectors in Guinea-Bissau. GB
66  2020 Multiplex PCR for simultaneous genotyping of kdr mutations V410L, V1016I and F1534C in Aedes aegypti (L.). AS-PCR, VGSC
67  2020 Novel CONCOMITANT mutations L932F and I936V in the Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel and Its Association With Pyrethroid Resistance in Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). VGSC
68  2020 Oxidase, Esterase, and KDR-Associated Pyrethroid Resistance in Culex quinquefasciatus Field Collections of Collier County, Florida. VGSC
69  2020 Physiological evidence that three known mutations in the para-sodium channel gene confer cypermethrin knockdown resistance in Rhipicephalus microplus. SNPs
70  2020 Population dynamics, pathogen detection and insecticide resistance of mosquito and sand fly in refugee camps, Greece. CDC, DFB, VBD
71  2020 Preliminary Selection and Analysis of Deltamethrin-Resistant Strains of Aedes albopictus in the Laboratory. LC50, RR
72  2020 Presence of the knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in the head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) collected from primary school children of Thailand. PCR, RFLP, SS, VSSC
73  2020 Recent Detection of Multiple Populations of the Tropical Bed Bug (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Exhibiting kdr-Associated Mutations in Hawaii. ---
74  2020 Sequence and transcript expression of the super-kdr locus of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans. skdr
75  2020 Species Composition, Phenotypic and Genotypic Resistance Levels in Major Malaria Vectors in Teso North and Teso South Subcounties in Busia County, Western Kenya. PBO
76  2020 The double-mutation(M918I + L1014F)kdr allele is fixed in Cimex hemipterus populations in Guangxi, China. COI, VGSC
77  2020 The V410L knockdown resistance mutation occurs in island and continental populations of Aedes aegypti in West and Central Africa. ---
78  2020 Three sodium channel mutations from Aedes albopictus confer resistance to Type I, but not Type II pyrethroids. ---
79  2020 Widespread multiple insecticide resistance in the major dengue vector Aedes albopictus in Hainan Province, China. PBO
80  2019 Absence of knockdown mutations in pyrethroid and DDT resistant populations of the main malaria vectors in Colombia. MFO, NSE, s.l, VGSC
81  2019 Conservation of the voltage-sensitive sodium channel protein within the Insecta. VSSC
82  2019 Culex species diversity, susceptibility to insecticides and role as potential vector of Lymphatic filariasis in the city of Yaounde, Cameroon. CDC-LT, HLC, LF, PCR
83  2019 CYP-mediated resistance and cross-resistance to pyrethroids and organophosphates in Aedes aegypti in the presence and absence of kdr. CKR, CR, OPs, RRs, VSSC
84  2019 Detection of tau-fluvalinate resistance in the mite Varroa destructor based on the comparison of vial test and PCR-RFLP of kdr mutation in sodium channel gene. RFLPs
85  2019 Dynamics and monitoring of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors across mainland Tanzania from 1997 to 2017: a systematic review. IRS, ITNs, s.l
86  2019 Entomological status of Anopheles sergentii and the first molecular investigation of its insecticide-resistant genes, kdr and ace-1 in Morocco. ---
87  2019 Establishment of an innovative and sustainable PCR technique for 1534 locus mutation of the knockdown resistance (kdr) gene in the dengue vector Aedes albopictus. AS-PCR, VGSC
88  2019 Evaluation of the residual effectiveness of Fludora™ fusion WP-SB, a combination of clothianidin and deltamethrin, for the control of pyrethroid-resistant malaria vectors on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. BIMCP
89  2019 Fine-scale spatial and temporal dynamics of kdr haplotypes in Aedes aegypti from Mexico. ---
90  2019 First detection of a Vssc allele V1016G conferring a high level of insecticide resistance in Aedes albopictus collected from Europe (Italy) and Asia (Vietnam), 2016: a new emerging threat to controlling arboviral diseases. VSSC
91  2019 First detection of the kdr mutation (L1014F) in the plague vector Xenopsylla cheopis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). PCR-RFLP, VGSC
92  2019 Frequency of kdr and kdr-his Alleles in Stable Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Populations From the United States, Costa Rica, France, and Thailand. VSSC
93  2019 High insecticide resistance in the major malaria vector Anopheles coluzzii in Chad Republic. IRS, LLINs
94  2019 High Plasmodium infection and multiple insecticide resistance in a major malaria vector Anopheles coluzzii from Sahel of Niger Republic. IRS, VGSC
95  2019 Insecticide resistance levels and mechanisms in Aedes aegypti populations in and around Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. PBO
96  2019 Investigation of Relative Development and Reproductivity Fitness Cost in Three Insecticide-Resistant Strains of Aedes aegypti from Thailand. ---
97  2019 Knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations within seventeen field populations of Aedes albopictus from Beijing China: first report of a novel V1016G mutation and evolutionary origins of kdr haplotypes. IR, TZ, VGSC
98  2019 Knockdown Resistance-Associated Mutations Dominate Populations of the Common Bed Bug (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Across the South Central United States. ---
99  2019 Liaisons dangereuses: cross-border gene flow and dispersal of insecticide resistance-associated genes in the mosquito Aedes aegypti from Brazil and French Guiana. ---
100  2019 LLIN Evaluation in Uganda Project (LLINEUP): a cross-sectional survey of species diversity and insecticide resistance in 48 districts of Uganda. HSDs, LLINEUP, LLINs, PBO