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Abbreviation : kdr
Long Form : knockdown resistance
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
1991 Bioassay for detecting active site insensitivity in horn fly (Diptera: Muscidae) larvae. ---
1993 Knockdown resistance (kdr) to DDT and pyrethroid insecticides maps to a sodium channel gene locus in the housefly (Musca domestica). DDT, RFLPs
1994 kdr-Type resistance in insects with special reference to the German cockroach, Blattella germanica. ---
1996 Identification of mutations in the housefly para-type sodium channel gene associated with knockdown resistance (kdr) to pyrethroid insecticides. ---
1997 A novel mutation L1029H in sodium channel gene hscp associated with pyrethroid resistance for Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae). ---
1997 A single amino acid change in the para sodium channel protein is associated with knockdown-resistance (kdr) to pyrethroid insecticides in German cockroach. RT-PCR
1997 Expression and distribution of voltage-sensitive sodium channels in pyrethroid-susceptible and pyrethroid-resistant Musca domestica. ---
1997 Functional analysis of a rat sodium channel carrying a mutation for insect knock-down resistance (kdr) to pyrethroids. ---
1997 Toxicological and molecular characterization of pyrethroid-resistant horn flies, Haematobia irritans: identification of kdr and super-kdr point mutations. RAPD, RT-PCR, SDS-PAGE
10  1998 Molecular characterization of pyrethroid knockdown resistance (kdr) in the major malaria vector Anopheles gambiae s.s. ---
11  1998 Point mutations in the Drosophila sodium channel gene para associated with resistance to DDT and pyrethroid insecticides. ---
12  1999 A sodium channel point mutation is associated with resistance to DDT and pyrethroid insecticides in the peach-potato aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). ---
13  1999 Role of the kdr and super-kdr sodium channel mutations in pyrethroid resistance: correlation of allelic frequency to resistance level in wild and laboratory populations of horn flies (Haematobia irritans). ---
14  1999 Sequence analysis of the knockdown resistance-homologous region of the para-type sodium channel gene from pyrethroid-resistant Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). ---
15  1999 The insect voltage-gated sodium channel as target of insecticides. ISC
16  1999 The pharmacological flexibility of the insect voltage gated sodium channel: toxicity of AaIT to knockdown resistant (kdr) flies. ---
17  2000 Modifications of pyrethroid effects associated with kdr mutation in Anopheles gambiae. KDT, SS, TO
18  2000 Novel point mutations in the German cockroach para sodium channel gene are associated with knockdown resistance (kdr) to pyrethroid insecticides. ---
19  2000 Point mutations in domain III of a Drosophila neuronal Na channel confer resistance to allethrin. ---
20  2002 Detection of knockdown resistance mutations in Anopheles sacharovi (Diptera: Culicidae) and genetic distance with Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) using cDNA sequencing of the voltage-gated sodium channel gene. PCR, VGSCG
21  2002 Malaria vectors in Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea): PCR determination of the members of Anopheles gambiae Giles complex (Diptera: Culicidae) and pyrethroid knockdown resistance (kdr) in An. gambiae sensu stricto. ---
22  2003 Absence of the kdr mutation in the molecular 'M' form suggests different pyrethroid resistance mechanisms in the malaria vector mosquito Anopheles gambiae s.s. ---
23  2003 Molecular evidence for a kdr-like pyrethroid resistance mechanism in the malaria vector mosquito Anopheles stephensi. PBO
24  2003 Pyrethroid and DDT cross-resistance in Aedes aegypti is correlated with novel mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel gene. ---
25  2003 The pyrethroid knock-down resistance gene in the Anopheles gambiae complex in Mali and further indication of incipient speciation within An. gambiae s.s. ---
26  2003 The role of agricultural use of insecticides in resistance to pyrethroids in Anopheles gambiae s.l. in Burkina Faso. ---
27  2004 Dynamics of the pyrethroid knockdown resistance allele in western Kenyan populations of Anopheles gambiae in response to insecticide-treated bed net trials. ITN
28  2004 High-throughput detection of knockdown resistance in Myzus persicae using allelic discriminating quantitative PCR. MACE
29  2004 Identification of mutations associated with pyrethroid resistance in the para-type sodium channel of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis. ---
30  2004 Use of the RFLP-PCR diagnostic test for characterizing MACE and kdr insecticide resistance in the peach potato aphid Myzus persicae. MACE, RFLP-PCR
31  2005 A simplified high-throughput method for pyrethroid knock-down resistance (kdr) detection in Anopheles gambiae. ELISA, HOLA, PCR
32  2005 An unusual distribution of the kdr gene among populations of Anopheles gambiae on the island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea. ---
33  2005 Association of the kdr and superkdr sodium channel mutations with resistance to pyrethroids in Louisiana populations of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans irritans (L.). ---
34  2005 Combination of a non-pyrethroid insecticide and a repellent: a new approach for controlling knockdown-resistant mosquitoes. ---
35  2005 Distribution of the molecular forms of Anopheles gambiae and pyrethroid knock down resistance gene in Nigeria. ---
36  2005 Evidence for multiple origins of identical insecticide resistance mutations in the aphid Myzus persicae. ---
37  2005 Involvement of a sodium channel mutation in pyrethroid resistance in Cydia pomonella L, and development of a diagnostic test. PASA
38  2005 Novel point mutation in the sodium channel gene of pyrethroid-resistant sea lice Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Crustacea: Copepoda). ---
39  2005 The attack of the clones: tracking the movement of insecticide-resistant peach-potato aphids Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). MACE
40  2006 Detection of the East and West African kdr mutation in Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles arabiensis from Uganda using a new assay based on FRET/Melt Curve analysis. AS-PCR, FRET/MCA
41  2006 Efficacy of bifenthrin-impregnated bednets against Anopheles funestus and pyrethroid-resistant Anopheles gambiae in North Cameroon. ITNs
42  2006 Malaria vectors in Angola: distribution of species and molecular forms of the Anopheles gambiae complex, their pyrethroid insecticide knockdown resistance (kdr) status and Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite rates. ---
43  2006 Occurrence of the leucine-to-phenylalanine knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation in Anopheles arabiensis populations in Tanzania, detected by a simplified high-throughput SSOP-ELISA method. ELISA, PCR, SNPs, SSOP
44  2007 Detection of knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in Anopheles gambiae: a comparison of two new high-throughput assays with existing methods. AS-PCR, HOLA, HRM, SSOP-ELISA
45  2007 Dynamics of knockdown pyrethroid insecticide resistance alleles in a field population of Anopheles gambiae s.s. in southwestern Nigeria. ---
46  2007 Genetic architecture in codling moth populations: comparison between microsatellite and insecticide resistance markers. ---
47  2007 Insecticide resistance status of Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) populations from peach and tobacco in mainland Greece. MACE, RFs
48  2007 Malaria vector control by indoor residual insecticide spraying on the tropical island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea. IRS, PCR
49  2007 Monitoring pyrethroid insecticide resistance in major malaria vector Anopheles culicifacies: comparison of molecular tools and conventional susceptibility test. VGSC
50  2007 Multiple origins of knockdown resistance mutations in the Afrotropical mosquito vector Anopheles gambiae. ---
51  2007 Reduced efficacy of insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying for malaria control in pyrethroid resistance area, Benin. IRS, ITN
52  2007 Role of cattle treated with deltamethrine in areas with a high population of Anopheles arabiensis in Moshi, Northern Tanzania. ITM
53  2008 A pre-intervention study of malaria vector abundance in Rio Muni, Equatorial Guinea: their role in malaria transmission and the incidence of insecticide resistance alleles. AChE, IRS, LLITN
54  2008 A primer-introduced restriction analysis-polymerase chain reaction method to detect knockdown resistance mutations in Anopheles gambiae. PCR, PIRA
55  2008 A significant increase in kdr in Anopheles gambiae is associated with an intensive vector control intervention in Burundi highlands. s.l
56  2008 Characterization of knockdown resistance in DDT- and pyrethroid-resistant Culex quinquefasciatus populations from Sri Lanka. ---
57  2008 Distribution of knock-down resistance mutations in Anopheles gambiae molecular forms in west and west-central Africa. AS-PCR, HOLA
58  2008 Distribution of the members of Anopheles gambiae and pyrethroid knock-down resistance gene (kdr) in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa. ---
59  2008 Evidence of increasing Leu-Phe knockdown resistance mutation in Anopheles gambiae from Niger following a nationwide long-lasting insecticide-treated nets implementation. kdr-w, LLIN
60  2008 Evidence of multiple pyrethroid resistance mechanisms in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto from Nigeria. ---
61  2008 In Silico analysis of voltage-gated sodium channel in relation to DDT resistance in vector mosquitoes. VGSC
62  2008 kdr: can a single mutation produce an entire insecticide resistance phenotype? ---
63  2008 Knockdown resistance mutations (kdr) and insecticide susceptibility to DDT and pyrethroids in Anopheles gambiae from Equatorial Guinea. ---
64  2008 Mixture for controlling insecticide-resistant malaria vectors. ---
65  2008 Monooxygenase levels and knockdown resistance (kdr) allele frequencies in Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles arabiensis in Kenya. ---
66  2008 Pyrethroid resistance in the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis from Gwave, a malaria-endemic area in Zimbabwe. AChE
67  2008 Relationship between kdr mutation and resistance to pyrethroid and DDT insecticides in natural populations of Anopheles gambiae. ---
68  2008 Short report: permethrin and DDT resistance in the malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis from eastern Sudan. ---
69  2008 Status of insecticide susceptibility in Anopheles gambiae sensu lato and Anopheles funestus mosquitoes from western Kenya. ---
70  2008 The spatial distribution of Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto and An. arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in Mali. ---
71  2009 Absence of knockdown resistance suggests metabolic resistance in the main malaria vectors of the Mekong region. ---
72  2009 Distribution of pyrethroid and DDT resistance and the L1014F kdr mutation in Anopheles gambiae s.l. from Burkina Faso (West Africa). ---
73  2009 Does kdr genotype predict insecticide-resistance phenotype in mosquitoes? ---
74  2009 Insecticide resistance and its association with target-site mutations in natural populations of Anopheles gambiae from eastern Uganda. ---
75  2009 Investigation of mutations associated with pyrethroid resistance in populations of the New World Screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae). ---
76  2009 Molecular analysis of knock down resistance (kdr) mutation and distribution of kdr genotypes in a wild population of Culex quinquefasciatus from India. AS-PCR, SS
77  2009 Polymorphism of intron-1 in the voltage-gated sodium channel gene of Anopheles gambiae s.s. populations from Cameroon with emphasis on insecticide knockdown resistance mutations. ---
78  2009 Pyrethroid and organophosphates resistance in Anopheles (N.) nuneztovari Gabaldon populations from malaria endemic areas in Colombia. CDC, DDT, WHO
79  2009 The distribution of insecticide resistance in Anopheles gambiae s.l. populations from Cameroon: an update. ---
80  2010 A comparison of DNA sequencing and the hydrolysis probe analysis (TaqMan assay) for knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in Anopheles gambiae from the Republic of the Congo. ---
81  2010 Determination, mechanism and monitoring of knockdown resistance in permethrin-resistant human head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis. QS, rtPASA, SISAR
82  2010 Entomological survey and report of a knockdown resistance mutation in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae from the Republic of Guinea. ---
83  2010 Field, genetic, and modeling approaches show strong positive selection acting upon an insecticide resistance mutation in Anopheles gambiae s.s. ---
84  2010 First evidence of high knockdown resistance frequency in Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) from Ethiopia. ---
85  2010 High-throughput approach to detection of knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation in mosquitoes, Culex quinquefasciatus, based on real-time PCR using single-labelled hybridisation probe/melting curve analysis. ---
86  2010 Insecticide resistance in Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) from villages in central, northern and south west Ethiopia and detection of kdr mutation. ---
87  2010 Molecular ecology of pyrethroid knockdown resistance in Culex pipiens pallens mosquitoes. ---
88  2010 Patterns and seasonality of malaria transmission in the forest-savannah transitional zones of Ghana. EIRs, PCR
89  2010 Pyrethroid pediculicide resistance of head lice in Canada evaluated by serial invasive signal amplification reaction. R allele, SISAR
90  2010 Pyrethroid susceptibility in natural populations of the Anopheles punctulatus group (Diptera: Culicidae) in Papua New Guinea. DDT, PNG
91  2010 Spatio-temporal patterns in kdr frequency in permethrin and DDT resistant Anopheles gambiae s.s. from Uganda. ---
92  2010 The impact of the expansion of urban vegetable farming on malaria transmission in major cities of Benin. EIRs, HBRs, HCVF, HLC
93  2010 Widespread distribution of knockdown resistance mutations in the bed bug, Cimex lectularius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae), populations in the United States. ---
94  2011 Deltamethrin: Promising mosquito control agent against adult stage of Aedes aegypti L. ---
95  2011 Differential resistance of insect sodium channels with kdr mutations to deltamethrin, permethrin and DDT. VGSC
96  2011 Distribution of a knockdown resistance mutation (L1014S) in Anopheles gambiae s.s. and Anopheles arabiensis in western and southern Kenya. ITNs, LLITN
97  2011 Efficacy of long-lasting insecticidal nets in use in Macha, Zambia, against the local Anopheles arabiensis population. IRS, LLINs
98  2011 Enzymes-based resistant mechanism in pyrethroid resistant and susceptible Aedes aegypti strains from northern Thailand. ADH, ALDH, BNPP, NADPH, PBCOOH, PBO, PBO, PBOH
99  2011 First detection of a putative knockdown resistance gene in major mosquito vector, Aedes albopictus. ---
100  2011 Identification of a mutation associated with permethrin resistance in the para-type sodium channel of the stable fly (Diptera: Muscidae). ---
101  2011 Insecticide resistance in Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes after the introduction of insecticide-treated bed nets in Macha, Zambia. ---
102  2011 Knockdown resistance (kdr)-like mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel of a malaria vector Anopheles stephensi and PCR assays for their detection. PCR, TTA, VGSC
103  2011 Multiple insecticide resistance: an impediment to insecticide-based malaria vector control program. IRS, ITNs, LLINs
104  2011 Spatial and temporal variation in the kdr allele L1014S in Anopheles gambiae s.s. and phenotypic variability in susceptibility to insecticides in Western Kenya. ---
105  2012 Detection of a knockdown resistance mutation associated with permethrin resistance in the body louse Pediculus humanus corporis by use of melting curve analysis genotyping. VSSC
106  2012 First detection of multiple knockdown resistance (kdr)-like mutations in voltage-gated sodium channel using three new genotyping methods in Anopheles sinensis from Guangxi Province, China. ---
107  2012 First report on co-occurrence knockdown resistance mutations and susceptibility to beta-cypermethrin in Anopheles sinensis from Jiangsu Province, China. PCR, PCR-RFLP
108  2012 Identification of TCT, a novel knockdown resistance allele mutation and analysis of resistance detection methods in the voltage-gated Na⁺ channel of Culex pipiens pallens from Shandong Province, China. AS, C. pipiens pallens, PCR, VGSC
109  2012 Implications of bio-efficacy and persistence of insecticides when indoor residual spraying and long-lasting insecticide nets are combined for malaria prevention. IRS, LLINs
110  2012 Insecticide resistance in head lice: clinical, parasitological and genetic aspects. ---
111  2012 Knockdown Resistance, rdl Alleles, and the Annual Entomological Inoculation Rate of Wild Mosquito Populations from Lower Moshi, Northern Tanzania. EIRs, RDL
112  2012 Malaria transmission in Libreville: results of a one year survey. EIR
113  2012 Multiple insecticide resistance in Anopheles gambiae s.l. populations from Burkina Faso, West Africa. GSTs, NSEs
114  2012 Multiplex assay for species identification and monitoring of insecticide resistance in Anopheles punctulatus group populations of Papua New Guinea. VGSC
115  2012 Permethrin and malathion resistance in head lice: results of ex vivo and molecular assays. CI
116  2012 Pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles gambiae from the rubber cultivated area of Niete, South Region of Cameroon. PCR
117  2012 Pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles gambiae, in Bomi County, Liberia, compromises malaria vector control. DL, IRS, LLIN
118  2012 Pyrethroid, DDT and malathion resistance in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae from the Democratic Republic of Congo. DRC
119  2012 The knockdown resistance mutation and knockdown time in Anopheles gambiae collected from Mali evaluated through a bottle bioassay and a novel insecticide-treated net bioassay. ITNs, kdr-w, WHO
120  2012 The polymorphism and the geographical distribution of the knockdown resistance (kdr) of Anopheles sinensis in the Republic of Korea. ROK, VGSC
121  2013 Assessing the effects of Aedes aegypti kdr mutations on pyrethroid resistance and its fitness cost. ---
122  2013 Identification of an alternative knockdown resistance (kdr)-like mutation, M918L, and a novel mutation, V1010A, in the Thrips tabaci voltage-gated sodium channel gene. ---
123  2013 Insect bite reactions. HMB-EBV-NK
124  2013 Insecticide resistance allele frequencies in Anopheles gambiae before and after anti-vector interventions in continental Equatorial Guinea. ace-1
125  2013 Insecticide resistance in Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) and Anopheles gambiae Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) could compromise the sustainability of malaria vector control strategies in West Africa. OP, PY, s.l
126  2013 Mechanisms of pyrethroid resistance in Haematobia irritans (Muscidae) from Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil. PBO, PCR, RF, TPP
127  2013 Relationship between knockdown resistance, metabolic detoxification and organismal resistance to pyrethroids in Anopheles sinensis. GSTs
128  2013 Status of organophosphate and carbamate resistance in Anopheles gambiae sensu lato from the south and north Benin, West Africa. OPs
129  2013 The effect of larval nutritional deprivation on the life history and DDT resistance phenotype in laboratory strains of the malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis. ---
130  2013 [Deltamethrin resistance, metabolic detoxification enzyme and kdr mutation in Anopheles sinensis in region along Huaihe River in Anhui Province]. ---
131  2014 Aedes aegypti on Madeira Island (Portugal): genetic variation of a recently introduced dengue vector. COI, mtDNA, ND4
132  2014 Co-occurrence and distribution of East (L1014S) and West (L1014F) African knock-down resistance in Anopheles gambiae sensu lato population of Tanzania. ---
133  2014 Detection of knockdown resistance mutations in the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae), in Australia. ---
134  2014 Development and application of an AllGlo probe-based qPCR assay for detecting knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in Anopheles sinensis. AllGlo-qPCR, AS-PCR, TaqMan-qPCR
135  2014 Development of multifunctional metabolic synergists to suppress the evolution of resistance against pyrethroids in insects that blood feed on humans. DDT, PBH, PBO
136  2014 Genetic diversity and insecticide resistance during the growing season in the green peach aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on primary and secondary hosts: a farm-scale study in Central Chile. ---
137  2014 Geographical distribution of pyrethroid resistance allele frequency in head lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from Argentina. ---
138  2014 Impact of long-lasting, insecticidal nets on anaemia and prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum among children under five years in areas with highly resistant malaria vectors. ---
139  2014 Insecticidal and repellent activities of pyrethroids to the three major pyrethroid-resistant malaria vectors in western Kenya. ITNs, LLINs, WHO
140  2014 Insecticide resistance of Anopheles sinensis and An. vagus in Hainan Island, a malaria-endemic area of China. WHO
141  2014 Insecticide susceptibility of Anopheles coluzzii and Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria. WHO
142  2014 Islands and stepping-stones: comparative population structure of Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto and Anopheles arabiensis in Tanzania and implications for the spread of insecticide resistance. ---
143  2014 Molecular biology of insect sodium channels and pyrethroid resistance. ---
144  2014 Molecular detection of knockdown resistance (kdr) in Blattella germanica (Blattodea: Blattellidae) from northwestern Iran. ---
145  2014 Target-site resistance to pyrethroid insecticides in German populations of the cabbage stem flea beetle, Psylliodes chrysocephala L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). ---
146  2014 The colonization of pyrethroid resistant strain from wild Anopheles sinensis, the major Asian malaria vector. GSTs, P450s
147  2014 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels as Insecticide Targets. SCBIs
148  2015 Absence of kdr resistance alleles in the Union of the Comoros, East Africa. ---
149  2015 Characterizing the insecticide resistance of Anopheles gambiae in Mali. AChE, CAs, DDT, GSTs, IRS, LLINs, OCs, OPs, PCR, PYs, WHO
150  2015 Contrasting patterns of insecticide resistance and knockdown resistance (kdr) in the dengue vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus from Malaysia. ---
151  2015 Historical survey of the kdr mutations in the populations of Anopheles sinensis in China in 1996-2014. ---
152  2015 Incidence, Spread and Mechanisms of Pyrethroid Resistance in European Populations of the Cabbage Stem Flea Beetle, Psylliodes chrysocephala L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). CSFB
153  2015 Insecticide resistance alleles in wetland and residential populations of the West Nile virus vector Culex pipiens in New Jersey. OPs
154  2015 Insecticide resistance status in Culex quinquefasciatus in Benin. IRS, LLINs
155  2015 Insecticides resistance in the Culex quinquefasciatus populations from northern Thailand and possible resistance mechanisms. BNPP, DEM, GST, PBO
156  2015 Knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in Indian Anopheles culicifacies populations. ---
157  2015 L1014F-kdr Mutation in Indian Anopheles subpictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Arising From Two Alternative Transversions in the Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel and a Single PIRA-PCR for Their Detection. DDT, PIRA-PCR
158  2015 Low efficacy of delthamethrin-treated net against Singapore Aedes aegypti is associated with kdr-type resistance. ---
159  2015 Pyrethroid-resistance and presence of two knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations, F1534C and a novel mutation T1520I, in Indian Aedes aegypti. ---
160  2015 Rotational Symmetry of Two Pyrethroid Receptor Sites in the Mosquito Sodium Channel. PyR1, PyR2
161  2015 Status of DDT and pyrethroid resistance in Indian Aedes albopictus and absence of knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation. VGSC
162  2015 Status of pyrethroid resistance and mechanisms in Brazilian populations of Tuta absoluta. ---
163  2015 The recent escalation in strength of pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles coluzzi in West Africa is linked to increased expression of multiple gene families. LLINs
164  2016 Additive effect of knockdown resistance mutations, S989P, V1016G and F1534C, in a heterozygous genotype conferring pyrethroid resistance in Aedes aegypti in Thailand. PBO
165  2016 Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) Susceptibility to Insecticides and Knockdown Resistance Genes Prior to Introduction of Indoor Residual Spraying in 11 Districts in Ghana. IRS
166  2016 Circumsporozoite protein rates, blood-feeding pattern and frequency of knockdown resistance mutations in Anopheles spp. in two ecological zones of Mauritania. CSP, ELISA, PCR
167  2016 Contact Bioassays with Phenoxybenzyl and Tetrafluorobenzyl Pyrethroids against Target-Site and Metabolic Resistant Mosquitoes. ---
168  2016 Diversity and frequency of kdr mutations within Anopheles sinensis populations from Guangxi, China. AS-VGSC, DDT, VGSC
169  2016 Expansion of the Knockdown Resistance Frequency Map for Human Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) in the United States Using Quantitative Sequencing. ---
170  2016 First identification of kdr allele F1534S in VGSC gene and its association with resistance to pyrethroid insecticides in Aedes albopictus populations from Haikou City, Hainan Island, China. BP, FM, LT, ST, XI
171  2016 Knockdown Resistance (kdr) Mutations in Indian Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) Populations. VGSC
172  2016 Landscape genetic structure and evolutionary genetics of insecticide resistance gene mutations in Anopheles sinensis. ---
173  2016 Multi-country Survey Revealed Prevalent and Novel F1534S Mutation in Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel (VGSC) Gene in Aedes albopictus. VGSC
174  2016 Multiple-Insecticide Resistance and Classic Gene Mutations to Japanese Encephalitis Vector Culex tritaeniorhynchus from China. AChE
175  2016 New Introductions, Spread of Existing Matrilines, and High Rates of Pyrethroid Resistance Result in Chronic Infestations of Bed Bugs (Cimex lectularius L.) in Lower-Income Housing. ---
176  2016 Patterns of insecticide resistance and knock down resistance (kdr) in malaria vectors An. arabiensis, An. coluzzii and An. gambiae from sympatric areas in Senegal. WHO
177  2016 Pyrethroid resistance is associated with a kdr-type mutation (L1014F) in the potato tuber moth Tecia solanivora. ---
178  2016 Sodium Channel Mutations and Pyrethroid Resistance in Aedes aegypti. ---
179  2016 Status of insecticide resistance in high-risk malaria provinces in Afghanistan. ---
180  2016 Susceptibility of Anopheles gambiae to insecticides used for malaria vector control in Rwanda. SS
181  2016 Susceptibility status of Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) commonly used as biological materials for evaluations of malaria vector control tools in Madagascar. ---
182  2016 Temporal frequency of knockdown resistance mutations, F1534C and V1016G, in Aedes aegypti in Chiang Mai city, Thailand and the impact of the mutations on the efficiency of thermal fogging spray with pyrethroids. ---
183  2016 The impact of insecticides management linked with resistance expression in Anopheles spp. populations. LLINs
184  2016 [First report of the F1534C mutation associated with cross-resistance to DDT and pyrethroids in Aedes aegypti from Colombia]. ---
185  2017 A multiplexPCR for detection of knockdown resistance mutations, V1016G and F1534C, in pyrethroid-resistant Aedes aegypti. AS-PCR, EtBr, VGSC
186  2017 Aedes aegypti resistance development to commonly used insecticides in Jakarta, Indonesia. ---
187  2017 First Detection of the Kdr Mutation T929I in Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) in Schoolchildren of the Metropolitan Area of Nuevo Leon and Yucatan, Mexico. ---
188  2017 First report of the Phe1534Cys kdr mutation in natural populations of Aedes albopictus from Brazil. AS-PCR, MT, PR, PY, RO
189  2017 Genetic mutations in sodium channel domain II and carboxylesterase genes associated with phenotypic resistance against synthetic pyrethroids by Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus ticks in Uganda. RFLP, SNPs, SP, VSSC
190  2017 Identification of Novel Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Mutations in Human Head and Body Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae). ---
191  2017 Insecticide resistance in Anopheles arabiensis from Ethiopia (2012-2016): a nationwide study for insecticide resistance monitoring. IRS, LLINs, PBO
192  2017 Insecticide resistance in malaria vectors along the Thailand-Myanmar border. ---
193  2017 Insecticide resistance status of three malaria vectors, Anopheles gambiae (s.l.), An. funestus and An. mascarensis, from the south, central and east coasts of Madagascar. IRS, ITNs, PBO
194  2017 Insecticide resistance, associated mechanisms and fitness aspects in two Brazilian Stegomyia aegypti (= Aedes aegypti) populations. IGRs, OP
195  2017 Investigating knockdown resistance (kdr) mechanism against pyrethroids/DDT in the malaria vector Anopheles funestus across Africa. VGSC
196  2017 Knockdown resistance (kdr) of the voltage-gated sodium channel gene of Aedes aegypti population in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. DF, VGSC, WN
197  2017 Knockdown resistance mutations predict DDT resistance and pyrethroid tolerance in the visceral leishmaniasis vector Phlebotomus argentipes. IRS, VGSC, VL
198  2017 Mechanisms of acaricide resistance in the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus in Sri Lanka. FAO, GSTs, LPT
199  2017 Molecular modelling studies of kdr mutations in voltage gated sodium channel revealed significant conformational variations contributing to insecticide resistance. DDT, RMSF, STD-VGSC, VGSC
200  2017 Pyrethroid Susceptibility Has Been Maintained in the Dengue Vector, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae), in Queensland, Australia. ---
201  2017 Pyrethroids and DDT tolerance of Anopheles gambiae s.l. from Sengerema District, an area of intensive pesticide usage in north-western Tanzania. DDT, GC-MS
202  2017 Status of insecticide resistance in Anopheles mosquitoes in Ubon Ratchathani province, Northeastern Thailand. GMS
203  2017 Temporal and spatial distribution of insecticide-resistance mutations in the green peach aphid Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on primary and secondary host plants in central Chile. MACE
204  2018 A Point Mutation V419L in the Sodium Channel Gene from Natural Populations of Aedes aegypti Is Involved in Resistance to lamda-Cyhalothrin in Colombia. AS-PCR
205  2018 Blood feeding behaviour comparison and contribution of Anopheles coluzzii and Anopheles gambiae, two sibling species living in sympatry, to malaria transmission in Alibori and Donga region, northern Benin, West Africa. HLC, IRS, PSC
206  2018 Correlation between adult pyrethroid resistance and knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) field populations in China. BS, HK, HZ, JN, YP
207  2018 Detection and Monitoring of Insecticide Resistance Mutations in Anopheles gambiae: Individual vs Pooled Specimens. An. gambiae, IRM
208  2018 Development of a rapid field-applicable molecular diagnostic for knockdown resistance (kdr) markers in An. gambiae. IR, SNPs, VGSC
209  2018 Distribution and Frequency of Pyrethroid Resistance-Associated Mutations in Host Lineages of the Bed Bug (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Across Europe. VGSC
210  2018 Diversity and convergence of mechanisms involved in pyrethroid resistance in the stored grain weevils, Sitophilus spp. ---
211  2018 Effect of Relaxation of Deltamethrin Pressure on Metabolic Resistance in a Pyrethroid-Resistant Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) Strain Harboring Fixed P989P and G1016G kdr Alleles. MFO, WHO
212  2018 Emerging Pyrethroid Resistance among Anopheles arabiensis in Kenya. ITNs
213  2018 Evidence for multiple-insecticide resistance in urban Aedes albopictus populations in southern China. Bti, COEs, GSTs, P450s
214  2018 First report of target site insensitivity to pyrethroids in human flea, Pulex irritans (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). VGSC
215  2018 First report of V1016G and S989P knockdown resistant (kdr) mutations in pyrethroid-resistant Sri Lankan Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. DF, VGSC
216  2018 Frequency and intensity of pyrethroid resistance through the CDC bottle bioassay and their association with the frequency of kdr mutations in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from Mexico. DD, F-RDT, I-RDT
217  2018 Genetic variation associated with increased insecticide resistance in the malaria mosquito, Anopheles coluzzii. ITN, PBO
218  2018 Insecticide Resistance Associated with kdr Mutations in Aedes albopictus: An Update on Worldwide Evidences. ---
219  2018 Insecticide resistance in Anopheles gambiae from the northern Democratic Republic of Congo, with extreme knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation frequencies revealed by a new diagnostic assay. LNA, s.l, s.s
220  2018 Investigating insecticide resistance and knock-down resistance (kdr) mutation in Dielmo, Senegal, an area under long lasting insecticidal-treated nets universal coverage for 10years. GSTs, LLINs, PCR
221  2018 Larval density mediates knockdown resistance to pyrethroid insecticides in adult Aedes aegypti. ---
222  2018 Low Frequency of Knockdown Resistance Mutations in Musca domestica (Muscidae: Diptera) Collected From Northwestern Iran. VGSC
223  2018 Malaria Vectors Insecticides Resistance in Different Agroecosystems in Western Kenya. PCR
224  2018 Parallel evolution of vgsc mutations at domains IS6, IIS6 and IIIS6 in pyrethroid resistant Aedes aegypti from Mexico. VGSC
225  2018 Pyrethroid and organophosphate pesticide resistance in field populations of horn fly in Brazil. ---
226  2018 Pyrethroid resistance in the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis in Nouakchott, Mauritania. KDT50, LLINs, WHO
227  2018 Resistance to Permethrin, beta-cyfluthrin, and Diazinon in Florida Horn Fly Populations. AChE, RR
228  2018 Susceptibility Status and Resistance Mechanisms in Permethrin-Selected, Laboratory Susceptible and Field-Collected Aedes aegypti from Malaysia. FC, IMR-PSS, PCR, TD, TSB, VGSC
229  2018 The Use of Insecticide-Treated Curtains for Control of Aedes aegypti and Dengue Virus Transmission in "Fraccionamiento" Style Houses in Mexico. DENV, ITCs, NTCs
230  2018 Two novel mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel associated with knockdown resistance (kdr) in the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in Vietnam. ---
231  2019 Absence of knockdown mutations in pyrethroid and DDT resistant populations of the main malaria vectors in Colombia. MFO, NSE, s.l, VGSC
232  2019 Conservation of the voltage-sensitive sodium channel protein within the Insecta. VSSC
233  2019 Culex species diversity, susceptibility to insecticides and role as potential vector of Lymphatic filariasis in the city of Yaounde, Cameroon. CDC-LT, HLC, LF, PCR
234  2019 CYP-mediated resistance and cross-resistance to pyrethroids and organophosphates in Aedes aegypti in the presence and absence of kdr. CKR, CR, OPs, RRs, VSSC
235  2019 Detection of tau-fluvalinate resistance in the mite Varroa destructor based on the comparison of vial test and PCR-RFLP of kdr mutation in sodium channel gene. RFLPs
236  2019 Dynamics and monitoring of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors across mainland Tanzania from 1997 to 2017: a systematic review. IRS, ITNs, s.l
237  2019 Entomological status of Anopheles sergentii and the first molecular investigation of its insecticide-resistant genes, kdr and ace-1 in Morocco. ---
238  2019 Establishment of an innovative and sustainable PCR technique for 1534 locus mutation of the knockdown resistance (kdr) gene in the dengue vector Aedes albopictus. AS-PCR, VGSC
239  2019 Evaluation of the residual effectiveness of Fludora™ fusion WP-SB, a combination of clothianidin and deltamethrin, for the control of pyrethroid-resistant malaria vectors on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. BIMCP
240  2019 Fine-scale spatial and temporal dynamics of kdr haplotypes in Aedes aegypti from Mexico. ---
241  2019 First detection of a Vssc allele V1016G conferring a high level of insecticide resistance in Aedes albopictus collected from Europe (Italy) and Asia (Vietnam), 2016: a new emerging threat to controlling arboviral diseases. VSSC
242  2019 First detection of the kdr mutation (L1014F) in the plague vector Xenopsylla cheopis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). PCR-RFLP, VGSC
243  2019 Frequency of kdr and kdr-his Alleles in Stable Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Populations From the United States, Costa Rica, France, and Thailand. VSSC
244  2019 High insecticide resistance in the major malaria vector Anopheles coluzzii in Chad Republic. IRS, LLINs
245  2019 High Plasmodium infection and multiple insecticide resistance in a major malaria vector Anopheles coluzzii from Sahel of Niger Republic. IRS, VGSC
246  2019 Insecticide resistance levels and mechanisms in Aedes aegypti populations in and around Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. PBO
247  2019 Investigation of Relative Development and Reproductivity Fitness Cost in Three Insecticide-Resistant Strains of Aedes aegypti from Thailand. ---
248  2019 Knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations within seventeen field populations of Aedes albopictus from Beijing China: first report of a novel V1016G mutation and evolutionary origins of kdr haplotypes. IR, TZ, VGSC
249  2019 Knockdown Resistance-Associated Mutations Dominate Populations of the Common Bed Bug (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Across the South Central United States. ---
250  2019 Liaisons dangereuses: cross-border gene flow and dispersal of insecticide resistance-associated genes in the mosquito Aedes aegypti from Brazil and French Guiana. ---
251  2019 LLIN Evaluation in Uganda Project (LLINEUP): a cross-sectional survey of species diversity and insecticide resistance in 48 districts of Uganda. HSDs, LLINEUP, LLINs, PBO
252  2019 Molecular evidence of sequential evolution of DDT- and pyrethroid-resistant sodium channel in Aedes aegypti. DDT, DMT, PMT
253  2019 Prevalence of kdr mutations and insecticide susceptibility among natural population of Aedes aegypti in West Bengal. VGSC
254  2019 Resistance to pyrethroid and organophosphate insecticides, and the geographical distribution and polymorphisms of target-site mutations in voltage-gated sodium channel and acetylcholinesterase 1 genes in Anopheles sinensis populations in Shanghai, China. ace-1, VGSC
255  2019 Target Site Insensitivity Detection in Deltamethrin Resistant Culex pipiens Complex in Iran. VGSC
256  2019 Temporal Pattern of Mutations in the Knockdown Resistance (kdr) Gene of Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes Sampled from Southern Taiwan. PCR, VGSC
257  2019 Trends in insecticide resistance in Culex pipiens pallens over 20years in Shandong, China. VGSC, WHO
258  2019 Using targeted next-generation sequencing to characterize genetic differences associated with insecticide resistance in Culex quinquefasciatus populations from the southern U.S. CNVs
259  2019 Voltage-gated sodium channel intron polymorphism and four mutations comprise six haplotypes in an Aedes aegypti population in Taiwan. DDT, VGSC
260  2019 Widespread insecticide resistance in Aedes aegypti L. from New Mexico, U.S.A. ---
261  2019 [Study on kdr allele mutation of Culex pipiens pallens in Zichuan District, Zibo City, Shandong Province]. ---
262  2020 A new knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation, F1534L, in the voltage-gated sodium channel of Aedes aegypti, co-occurring with F1534C, S989P and V1016G. ASPCR, VGSC
263  2020 Anopheline Mosquito Species Composition, Kdr Mutation Frequency, and Parasite Infectivity Status in Northern Tanzania. ---
264  2020 Detection of target-site and metabolic resistance to pyrethroids in the bed bug Cimex lectularius in Berlin, Germany. ---
265  2020 First evidence of the mutations associated with pyrethroid resistance in head lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from Honduras. PCR, RFLP, VSSC
266  2020 Grain aphids (Sitobion avenae) with knockdown resistance (kdr) to insecticide exhibit fitness trade-offs, including increased vulnerability to the natural enemy Aphidius ervi. ---
267  2020 Insecticide resistance and molecular characterization of knockdown resistance (kdr) in Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes in Sri Lanka. LF, OP, PY
268  2020 Insecticide resistance in Anopheles stephensi in Somali Region, eastern Ethiopia. VGSC, WHO
269  2020 Insecticide Resistance Mechanisms in Triatoma infestans (Reduviidae: Triatominae): The Putative Role of Enhanced Detoxification and Knockdown Resistance (kdr) Allele in a Resistant Hotspot From the Argentine Chaco. ---
270  2020 Insecticide resistance status of Aedes aegypti in Bangladesh. ---
271  2020 Insecticide susceptibility of the sand fly leishmaniasis vector Phlebotomus argentipes in Sri Lanka. ---
272  2020 Investigation of deltamethrin resistance in salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) provides no evidence for roles of mutations in voltage-gated sodium channels. mtDNA
273  2020 Monitoring and molecular profiling of contemporary insecticide resistance status of malaria vectors in Guinea-Bissau. GB
274  2020 Multiplex PCR for simultaneous genotyping of kdr mutations V410L, V1016I and F1534C in Aedes aegypti (L.). AS-PCR, VGSC
275  2020 Novel CONCOMITANT mutations L932F and I936V in the Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel and Its Association With Pyrethroid Resistance in Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). VGSC
276  2020 Oxidase, Esterase, and KDR-Associated Pyrethroid Resistance in Culex quinquefasciatus Field Collections of Collier County, Florida. VGSC
277  2020 Physiological evidence that three known mutations in the para-sodium channel gene confer cypermethrin knockdown resistance in Rhipicephalus microplus. SNPs
278  2020 Population dynamics, pathogen detection and insecticide resistance of mosquito and sand fly in refugee camps, Greece. CDC, DFB, VBD
279  2020 Preliminary Selection and Analysis of Deltamethrin-Resistant Strains of Aedes albopictus in the Laboratory. LC50, RR
280  2020 Presence of the knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in the head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) collected from primary school children of Thailand. PCR, RFLP, SS, VSSC
281  2020 Recent Detection of Multiple Populations of the Tropical Bed Bug (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Exhibiting kdr-Associated Mutations in Hawaii. ---
282  2020 Sequence and transcript expression of the super-kdr locus of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans. skdr
283  2020 Species Composition, Phenotypic and Genotypic Resistance Levels in Major Malaria Vectors in Teso North and Teso South Subcounties in Busia County, Western Kenya. PBO
284  2020 The double-mutation(M918I + L1014F)kdr allele is fixed in Cimex hemipterus populations in Guangxi, China. COI, VGSC
285  2020 The V410L knockdown resistance mutation occurs in island and continental populations of Aedes aegypti in West and Central Africa. ---
286  2020 Three sodium channel mutations from Aedes albopictus confer resistance to Type I, but not Type II pyrethroids. ---
287  2020 Widespread multiple insecticide resistance in the major dengue vector Aedes albopictus in Hainan Province, China. PBO
288  2021 A Challenge for a Unique Dengue Vector Control Programme: Assessment of the Spatial Variation of Insecticide Resistance Status amongst Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus Populations in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka. MOH
289  2021 A first, naturally occurring substitution at the second pyrethroid receptor of voltage-gated sodium channel of Aedes aegypti. VGSC
290  2021 Analysis of the insecticide resistance mechanism in Anopheles culicifacies sensu lato from a malaria-endemic state in India. VGSC
291  2021 Bioallethrin activates specific olfactory sensory neurons and elicits spatial repellency in Aedes aegypti. ORs
292  2021 Efficacy and safety of a dimethicone lotion in patients with pyrethroid-resistant head lice in an epidemic area, Okinawa, Japan. ---
293  2021 Efficacy of five commercial household insecticide aerosol sprays against pyrethroid resistant Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes in Thailand. ---
294  2021 Entomological and Molecular Surveillance of Anopheles Mosquitoes in Freetown, Sierra Leone, 2019. IRS, ITN
295  2021 First Report of the L993S Mutation in the Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel in Field Populations of the German Cockroach Blattella germanica. DDT, VGSC
296  2021 Genetic markers associated with insecticide resistance and resting behaviour in Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes in selected sites in Kenya. ace-1R, s.l
297  2021 High pyrethroid/DDT resistance in major malaria vector Anopheles coluzzii from Niger-Delta of Nigeria is probably driven by metabolic resistance mechanisms. FC, PBO
298  2021 Identification and phylogenetic analysis of voltage-gated sodium channel haplotypes in the malaria vector Anopheles sinensis using a high-throughput amplicon sequencing approach. NGS, VGSC
299  2021 Impact of selection regime and introgression on deltamethrin resistance in the arbovirus vector Aedes aegypti - a comparative study between contrasted situations in New Caledonia and French Guiana. ---
300  2021 Insecticide resistance and genetic structure of Aedes aegypti populations from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Cgy, Ibr, Igg, Ipn, IR, Mgr, RJ, Vsr, WHO
301  2021 Insecticide resistance in Aedes aegypti from Tapachula, Mexico: Spatial variation and response to historical insecticide use. LC50, RR
302  2021 Insecticide resistance status in Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) in coastal Kenya. DDT, s.l
303  2021 Insecticide resistance status of Anopheles arabiensis in irrigated and non-irrigated areas in western Kenya. IRS, LLINs, PBO, PCR
304  2021 Insecticide susceptibility status and knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation in Aedes albopictus in China. ---
305  2021 Insights into factors sustaining persistence of high malaria transmission in forested areas of sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Mvoua, South Cameroon. HLC, LLIN
306  2021 Kdr genotyping (V1016I, F1534C) of the Nav channel of Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquito populations in Harris County (Houston), Texas, USA, after Permanone 31-66 field tests and its influence on probability of survival. ---
307  2021 Knockdown Resistance (kdr) Mutations I1532T and F1534S Were Identified in Aedes albopictus Field Populations in Zhejiang Province, Central China. JX, QZ, VGSC, WZ, YW
308  2021 Large-Scale Deployment and Establishment of Wolbachia Into the Aedes aegypti Population in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ---
309  2021 Molecular Monitoring of Knockdown Resistance in Head Louse (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) Populations in Iran. HW, VSSC
310  2021 Multiple Resistance Mechanisms to Pyrethroids Insecticides in Anopheles gambiae sensu lato Population From Mali, West Africa. PBO
311  2021 Mutations associated with pyrethroid resistance in Varroa mite, a parasite of honey bees, are widespread across the United States. ---
312  2021 Negative cross-resistance of a pyrethroid-resistant Drosophila mutant to Phryma leptostachya-derived haedoxan A. HA, NCR
313  2021 Overall Prevalence and Distribution of Knockdown Resistance (kdr) Mutations in Aedes aegypti from Mandalay Region, Myanmar. VGSC
314  2021 Permethrin resistance in Aedes aegypti: Genomic variants that confer knockdown resistance, recovery, and death. SNPs, VGSC
315  2021 Phenotypic and haplotypic profiles of insecticide resistance in populations of Aedes aegypti larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) from central Lao PDR. Bti, PDR
316  2021 Rapid evolution of knockdown resistance haplotypes in response to pyrethroid selection in Aedes aegypti. ---
317  2021 Status of insecticide susceptibility in Anopheles arabiensis and detection of the knockdown resistance mutation (kdr) concerning agricultural practices from Northern Sudan state, Sudan. ---
318  2021 Sub-Lethal Effects of lamda-Cyhalothrin on Behavior and Development of the Parasitoid Aphidius colemani (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on kdr-Resistant and Susceptible Green Peach Aphid, Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). ---
319  2021 The discovery of a novel knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation A1007G on Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from Malaysia. VGSC
320  2021 The pattern of kdr mutations correlated with the temperature in field populations of Aedes albopictus in China. AAT, VGSC
321  2021 The presence of knockdown resistance mutations reduces male mating competitiveness in the major arbovirus vector, Aedes aegypti. WBF
322  2021 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel (Vgsc) Mutation-Based Pyrethroid Resistance in Aedes aegypti Populations of Three Endemic Dengue Risk Areas of Sri Lanka. VCE, VGSC
323  2021 Widespread Mutations in Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Gene of Cimex lectularius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Populations in Paris. ---
324  2022 Analysis of the Knockdown Resistance Locus (kdr) in Anopheles stephensi, An. arabiensis, and Culex pipiens s.l. for Insight Into the Evolution of Target-site Pyrethroid Resistance in Eastern Ethiopia. VGSC
325  2022 Association of voltage-gated sodium channel mutations with field-evolved pyrethroid resistant phenotypes in soybean aphid and genetic markers for their detection. VGSC
326  2022 Community structure and insecticide resistance of malaria vectors in northern-central Myanmar. CBTC, GMS, RFCL, s.l
327  2022 Composition of mosquito fauna and insecticide resistance status of Anopheles gambiae sensu lato in Itang special district, Gambella, Southwestern Ethiopia. IRS, LLINs, PCR, PSC, s.l, WHO
328  2022 Detection and population genetic analysis of kdr L1014F variant in eastern Ethiopian Anopheles stephensi. VGSC
329  2022 Determination of Knockdown Resistance (kdr) Allele Frequencies (T929I mutation) in Head Louse Populations from Mexico, Canada, and Peru. ---
330  2022 Evidence for Multiple Origins of Knockdown Resistance (kdr) in Spodoptera exigua (Hübna) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) From China. VGSC
331  2022 Evidence of pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles amharicus and Anopheles arabiensis from Arjo-Didessa irrigation scheme, Ethiopia. PCR
332  2022 First detection of voltage-gated sodium channel mutations in Phlebotomus argentipes collected from Bangladesh. IRS, VGSC
333  2022 First report of classical knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation, L1014F, in human head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Anoplura). ---
334  2022 Genome-wide Association Study Reveals New Loci Associated With Pyrethroid Resistance in Aedes aegypti. GWAS, SNPs
335  2022 Geographic distribution of the V1016G knockdown resistance mutation in Aedes albopictus: a warning bell for Europe. ---
336  2022 Knockdown resistance (kdr) gene of Aedes aegypti in Malaysia with the discovery of a novel regional specific point mutation A1007G. AS-PCR, VGSC, WHO
337  2022 Knockdown Resistance Mutations in the Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Myanmar. VGSC
338  2022 Molecular and Biochemical Detection of Insecticide Resistance in the Leishmania Vector, Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) to Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and Pyrethroids, in Central Iran. GST, MFO, RR, VGSC
339  2022 Morphological identification and genetic characterization of Anopheles stephensi in Somaliland. COI, HOA
340  2022 Novel real-time PCR assay detects widespread distribution of knock down resistance (kdr) mutations associated with pyrethroid resistance in the mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus, in Thailand. VGSC
341  2022 Population genetic structure and evolutionary genetics of Anopheles sinensis based on knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations and mtDNA-COII gene in China-Laos, Thailand-Laos, and Cambodia-Laos borders. COII, VGSC
342  2022 Prevalence of Knock-Down Resistance F1534S Mutations in Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) in North Carolina. ---
343  2022 Pyrethroid-linked resistance allelic mutations by molecular analysis in wild human head louse (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) populations from schoolgirls of South Iran. PCR, VSSC
344  2022 Pyrethroids in an AlphaFold2 Model of the Insect Sodium Channel. AF2, PM, VSMs
345  2022 Quantitative reverse transcription PCR assay to detect a genetic marker of pyrethroid resistance in Culex mosquitoes. SNP, VGSC, WNV
346  2022 Rapid detection of kdr mutation F1534C in Aedes aegypti using recombinase polymerase amplification and lateral flow dipsticks. AS-qPCR, SNP
347  2022 Spatial heterogeneity of knockdown resistance mutations in the dengue vector Aedes albopictus in Guangzhou, China. VGSC