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Abbreviation: A/E
Appearance Frequency: 275 time(s)
Long forms: 74

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
attaching and effacing
(160 times)
Microbiology
(64 times)
EPEC (90 times)
EHEC (51 times)
LEE (51 times)
1991 The eae gene of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli encodes a 94-kilodalton membrane protein, the expression of which is influenced by the EAF plasmid.
attaching/effacing
(23 times)
Microbiology
(13 times)
EPEC (15 times)
EHEC (4 times)
IVOC (3 times)
1995 Interaction with pig ileal explants of Escherichia coli O45 isolates from swine with postweaning diarrhea.
Accident and Emergency
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
LP (1 time)
1983 Immediate radiological management of disasters.
Actual to Expected
(4 times)
Health Services
(4 times)
2008VBT (2 times)
2015VBT (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2016 All-Cause Mortality for Diabetics or Individuals with Hyperglycemia Applying for Life Insurance.
androsterone/etiocholanolone
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
DHT (1 time)
GH (1 time)
IGF-I (1 time)
1976 Hypothyroid-like alterations in testosterone metabolism in anorexia nervosa.
attachment and attaching and effacing
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
EPEC (4 times)
Tir (2 times)
EHEC (1 time)
1998 A novel EspA-associated surface organelle of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli involved in protein translocation into epithelial cells.
able to induce the attaching and effacing
(3 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
AEEC (1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
EspB (1 time)
2005 Colostrum from healthy Brazilian women inhibits adhesion and contains IgA antibodies reactive with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli.
airborne particle abrasion and etching
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
EXC (2 times)
E1C (1 time)
2002 Wetting characteristic of ceramic to water and adhesive resin.
atrial filling to early diastolic filling
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
LV (2 times)
DcT (1 time)
FPG (1 time)
2002 Fasting plasma glucose is an independent determinant of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in nondiabetic patients with treated essential hypertension.
10  attaching-and-effacing lesions
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
aEPEC (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
EAEC (1 time)
2011 Enteropathogenic escherichia coli infection in children.
11  ability of EPEC to cause attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
LEE (1 time)
2005 Temporal expression of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli virulence genes in an in vitro model of infection.
12  abiraterone/enzalutamide
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
mCRPC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2019 The influence of treatment sequence in the prognostic value of TMPRSS2-ERG as biomarker of taxane resistance in castration-resistant prostate cancer.
13  absorbtion-elution
(1 time)
Forensic Medicine
(1 time)
A/I (1 time)
1993 A Historical Review of the Characterization of Blood and Secretion Stains in the Forensic Science Laboratory Part One: Bloodstains.
14  abundance of erm(B) and mef
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BLESS (1 time)
2018 Impact of Long-Term Erythromycin Therapy on the Oropharyngeal Microbiome and Resistance Gene Reservoir in Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis.
15  Accident/Emergency
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
KAUH (1 time)
2011 One month outcome of ocular related emergencies in a tertiary hospital in Central Saudi Arabia.
16  according to their resting left ventricular filling pattern
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
LV (1 time)
1993 Left ventricular diastolic filling properties in diabetic patients during isometric exercise.
17  acetate-to-ethanol
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AFMBR (1 time)
2018 Biological acetate production from carbon dioxide by Acetobacterium woodii and Clostridium ljungdahlii: The effect of cell immobilization.
18  acetate/ethanol
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2009 Hydrogen production by immobilized R. faecalis RLD-53 using soluble metabolites from ethanol fermentation bacteria E. harbinense B49.
19  acetone/diethylether
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
C/M (1 time)
Cer (1 time)
TEWL (1 time)
1994 Validation of an in vivo extraction method for human stratum corneum ceramides.
20  Acetone/ether
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
MAT (1 time)
NMF (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2003 Effect of soaking and natural moisturizing factor on stratum corneum water-handling properties.
21  active mutants
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
PI3K (2 times)
CTL (1 time)
FasL (1 time)
2003 Differential implication of protein kinase C isoforms in cytotoxic T lymphocyte degranulation and TCR-induced Fas ligand expression.
22  addition, attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Escherichia coli O157 : H7 forms attaching and effacing lesions at the terminal rectum of cattle and colonization requires the LEE4 operon.
23  additional isolates with mef
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
A/TR (1 time)
AR (1 time)
GBS (1 time)
2006 Simultaneous detection of nine antibiotic resistance-related genes in Streptococcus agalactiae using multiplex PCR and reverse line blot hybridization assay.
24  adherence and attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
aEPEC (1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
ETEC (1 time)
2013 Identification of potentially diarrheagenic atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli strains present in Canadian food animals at slaughter and in retail meats.
25  adherence and the induction of attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
SCFAs (1 time)
2009 Regulation of virulence by butyrate sensing in enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli.
26  adherence to and formation of attaching and effacing lesions
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
LEE (1 time)
2005 Hyperadherence of an hha mutant of Escherichia coli O157:H7 is correlated with enhanced expression of LEE-encoded adherence genes.
27  adheres to the intestinal epithelium and causes attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
Smeg (1 time)
2012 Generation of recombinant bacillus Calmette-Guerin and Mycobacterium smegmatis expressing BfpA and intimin as vaccine vectors against enteropathogenic Escherichia coli.
28  adhesion between mammalian cells and attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
Tir (1 time)
2000 Crystal structure of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli intimin-receptor complex.
29  advanced and the early diastolic stage
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
2000 [Clinical study on lixin pill in treating congestive heart failure].
30  aggregations to form attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
TTSS (1 time)
2013 The N-terminal domain of EspF induces host cell apoptosis after infection with enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7.
31  air-to-leaf vapour pressure deficit, and instantaneous water-use efficiency
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 1999 Gas-exchange analysis of chloroplastic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase antisense potatoes at different air humidities and at elevated CO(2).
32  alanine/glutamate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Mono- or double-site phosphorylation distinctly regulates the proapoptotic function of Bax.
33  all but four strains carrying the mef
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 2004 Molecular basis of resistance to macrolides and other antibiotics in commensal viridans group streptococci and Gemella spp. and transfer of resistance genes to Streptococcus pneumoniae.
34  All isolates with M phenotype had the mef
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
VGS (1 time)
2004 Macrolide resistance phenotypes of commensal viridans group streptococci and Gemella spp. and PCR detection of resistance genes.
35  all of which use attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
2005 Citrobacter rodentium of mice and man.
36  All the PNSP isolates possessed tet(M), and erm(B) or mefA
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
MDR (1 time)
NVTs (1 time)
PBPs (1 time)
2017 Multidrug Resistance in Non-PCV13 Serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Northern Japan, 2014.
37  All the strains harboring the mef
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
ORF3 (1 time)
PFGE (1 time)
2007 Molecular epidemiology of macrolide and tetracycline resistances in commensal Gemella sp. isolates.
38  All three pathogens produce similar attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
Gcf (1 time)
H-NS (1 time)
2015 Identification and regulation of a novel Citrobacter rodentium gut colonization fimbria (Gcf).
39  allowed us to fix that center in vertical
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1993 [Radiologic evaluation of the rotation center of the hip].
40  almost all the commensal strains harbored the mef
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
mega (1 time)
MLSB (1 time)
MLST (1 time)
2015 Resistance Genes and Genetic Elements Associated with Antibiotic Resistance in Clinical and Commensal Isolates of Streptococcus salivarius.
41  alone or in combination with the mef
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
VGS (1 time)
2004 Macrolide resistance phenotypes of commensal viridans group streptococci and Gemella spp. and PCR detection of resistance genes.
42  also decreased photosynthetic rate (A), water use efficiency
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2011 Lead (Pb)-induced regulation of growth, photosynthesis, and mineral nutrition in maize (Zea mays L.) plants at early growth stages.
43  also screened by PCR for erm(B), lnu(A), lnu(B), mef
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
CLSI (1 time)
ERY (1 time)
LIN (1 time)
2007 Prevalence and mechanism of resistance against macrolides, lincosamides, and streptogramins among Enterococcus faecium isolates from food-producing animals and hospital patients in Belgium.
44  alteration known as the attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
2007 [Molecular pathogenesis, epidemiology and diagnosis of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli].
45  altered during infections by attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Evidence that tight junctions are disrupted due to intimate bacterial contact and not inflammation during attaching and effacing pathogen infection in vivo.
46  Although not required for the induction of attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
Tir (1 time)
2003 CesT is a bivalent enteropathogenic Escherichia coli chaperone required for translocation of both Tir and Map.
47  alvei are capable of inducing attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
STEC (1 time)
1998 EspE, a novel secreted protein of attaching and effacing bacteria, is directly translocated into infected host cells, where it appears as a tyrosine-phosphorylated 90 kDa protein.
48  analysis revealed that he exhibited a mixed genotype
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
cART (1 time)
HAL (1 time)
2013 Acute kidney injury and inflammatory immune reconstitution syndrome in mixed genotype (A/E) hepatitis B virus co-infection in HIV-associated lymphoma.
49  analyzed Giardia spp. co-infections with attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMPs (1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
hBD-2 (1 time)
2017 Giardia co-infection promotes the secretion of antimicrobial peptides beta-defensin 2 and trefoil factor 3 and attenuates attaching and effacing bacteria-induced intestinal disease.
50  androgen/estrogen
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Programmed cell death in human ovary is a function of follicle and corpus luteum status.
51  anhydride/epoxide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DGEBA (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1993 Chemiluminescence of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A--norbornene anhydride networks.
52  animal diarrheagenic pathogens that form attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
1998 Two enteropathogenic Escherichia coli type III secreted proteins, EspA and EspB, are virulence factors.
53  Annular Expansion
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 1990 Isolation and purification of lecithin by preparative high-performance liquid chromatography.
54  applied
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2018 High rates of secondary non-adherence causes decreased efficacy of 0.1% topical tacrolimus in adult eczema patients: results from a multicenter clinical trial.
55  area (LA) and gas exchange efficiency
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
WUEveg (1 time)
2002 Genotypic and nutrition-dependent variation in water use efficiency and photosynthetic activity of leaves in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).
56  arsenal of the attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Biomedical Technology
(1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
2016 Lambda Red-mediated Recombineering in the Attaching and Effacing Pathogen Escherichia albertii.
57  associated with attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EAST (1 time)
LEE (1 time)
2001 Differences in levels of secreted locus of enterocyte effacement proteins between human disease-associated and bovine Escherichia coli O157.
58  associated with naturally occurring attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AEEC (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
PEPEC (1 time)
2005 Host immune status influences the development of attaching and effacing lesions in weaned pigs.
59  associated with resistance to specific antibiotics and carrying of mef
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
S. pneumoniae (1 time)
STs (1 time)
2018 Phenotypic and molecular characterization of Streptococcus pneumoniae in pre-conjugate vaccine era: A Chinese hospital-based retrospective study.
60  associated with the genes ermB and ermB-mef
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GBS (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2016 Investigation of serotype distribution and resistance genes profile in group B Streptococcus isolated from pregnant women: a Chinese multicenter cohort study.
61  atrial filling (A), ratio of A to E
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
DT (1 time)
ET (1 time)
ICT (1 time)
2003 Influence of hemodialysis on echocardiographic Doppler indices of the left ventricle: changes in parameters of systolic and diastolic function and Tei index.
62  atrial filling and rapid filling quotient
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
1990 [The use of pulsed Doppler in the evaluation of diastolic function in acute ischemic cardiopathy].
63  atrial filling velocity (A) and peak early filling velocity (E)
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AcT (1 time)
COLD (1 time)
DHT (1 time)
1992 Right ventricular diastolic function in chronic obstructive lung disease.
64  atrial to early
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
VTI (1 time)
1996 ACE inhibition with spirapril improves diastolic function at rest independent of vasodilation during treatment with spirapril in mild to moderate hypertension.
65  atrial velocity
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PES (1 time)
RAP (1 time)
1990 [Estimation of left ventricular diastolic characteristics in patients with myocardial ischemia by pulsed Doppler echocardiography: transmitral blood flow velocity in postextrasystolic beats].
66  atrial velocity/peak early velocity
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BNP (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
CLCR (1 time)
2002 Standardization of plasma brain natriuretic peptide concentrations in older Japanese-relationship to latent renal dysfunction and ischemic heart disease.
67  atrial/early flow velocity
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Age-related alterations of Doppler left ventricular filling indexes in normal subjects are independent of left ventricular mass, heart rate, contractility and loading conditions.
68  attaches to intestinal epithelial monolayers and produces attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
2008 Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG prevents enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7-induced changes in epithelial barrier function.
69  attachment and the formation of attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
FAE (1 time)
2000 Intimin-mediated tissue specificity in enteropathogenic Escherichia coli interaction with human intestinal organ cultures.
70  attachment and to destroy the cell surface
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2010 Investigation of the cytotoxic capacity of some adherent opportunistic enterobacterial strains by the MTT assay and transmission electron microscopy.
71  attachment leading to the formation of distinctive attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
2000 Human colostrum and serum contain antibodies reactive to the intimin-binding region of the enteropathogenic Escherichia coli translocated intimin receptor.
72  attack propensity
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
C/A (1 time)
HT (1 time)
1988 Prey preference in stoneflies: a comparative analysis of prey vulnerability.
73  augmented ratio of A velocity to E velocity
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
E velocity (1 time)
1993 Age-related changes in left and right ventricular filling velocity profiles and their relationship in normal subjects.
74  mouse-adapted attaching and effacing
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
TLR4 (1 time)
2006 Toll-like receptor 4 contributes to colitis development but not to host defense during Citrobacter rodentium infection in mice.