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Abbreviation: AA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
arachidonic acid
(7191 times)
Biochemistry
(1327 times)
DHA (928 times)
EPA (827 times)
COX (411 times)
1975 Effects of ganglionic and beta-adrenergic blockade on cardiovascular responses to the bisenoic prostaglandins and their precursor arachidonic acid.
ascorbic acid
(3216 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(464 times)
DA (439 times)
UA (397 times)
GCE (131 times)
1963 A chemiluminescence (CL) of phenazine methosulfate (PMS) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (HOOH) induced by reductants including reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and ascorbic acid (AA).
African American
(2873 times)
Neoplasms
(472 times)
EA (508 times)
CA (235 times)
CI (178 times)
1992 Hemoglobin comparisons between African American and European American males with hemoglobin values in the normal range.
amino acid
(2733 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(544 times)
CP (139 times)
SID (121 times)
SBM (85 times)
1976 Interorgan transport of amino acids in hemorrhagic shock.
aplastic anemia
(1443 times)
Hematology
(788 times)
MDS (247 times)
PNH (169 times)
IST (166 times)
1975 Bone marrow transplantation in children with aplastic anemia and acute lymphatic leukemia.
alopecia areata
(1192 times)
Dermatology
(691 times)
SALT (60 times)
AGA (41 times)
AU (31 times)
1976 Prednisone therapy for alopecia areata. A follow-up report.
acrylic acid
(568 times)
Chemistry
(126 times)
SEM (59 times)
FTIR (51 times)
AM (45 times)
1976 Polymer-ceramic composite for tooth-root implant.
acrylamide
(501 times)
Toxicology
(128 times)
GA (97 times)
Hb (22 times)
ROS (22 times)
1985 [Safety of animal husbandry products produced by using allyl isothiocyanate-preserved feeds].
adjuvant arthritis
(494 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(157 times)
RA (92 times)
CFA (28 times)
IL (28 times)
1972 Antibody to mycobacterial antigens in adjuvant arthritis (AA). I. Relationship to disease and delayed hypersensitivity.
10  acute appendicitis
(431 times)
General Surgery
(176 times)
CRP (54 times)
WBC (47 times)
CT (32 times)
1988 Acute appendicitis in childhood in the Negev region: some epidemiological observations over an 11-year period (1973-1983).
11  acetic acid
(419 times)
Pharmacology
(50 times)
LA (47 times)
UC (33 times)
PA (20 times)
1979 Decrements in olfactory sensitivity due to ozone exposure.
12  aristolochic acid
(379 times)
Toxicology
(64 times)
AAN (65 times)
AAI (42 times)
BEN (26 times)
1984 Mutagenicity of the two main components of commercially available carcinogenic aristolochic acid in Salmonella typhimurium.
13  anaplastic astrocytoma
(335 times)
Neoplasms
(199 times)
GBM (194 times)
OS (48 times)
PFS (44 times)
1987 Phase II diaziquone-based chemotherapy trials in patients with anaplastic supratentorial astrocytic neoplasms.
14  Alcoholics Anonymous
(327 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(228 times)
NA (33 times)
AUD (10 times)
PDA (9 times)
1965 [Alcoholics Anonymous (A.A.) and the treatment of the chronic alcoholic patients].
15  amyloid A
(278 times)
Pathology
(45 times)
SAA (83 times)
AL (26 times)
RA (26 times)
1976 Isolation and partial characterization of SAA-an amyloid-related protein from human serum.
16  adjuvant-induced arthritis
(221 times)
Pharmacology
(77 times)
RA (66 times)
IL (16 times)
FLS (15 times)
1981 Increased acetylation and elimination of sulphadimidine in rats with adjuvant induced arthritis.
17  ascending aorta
(215 times)
Cardiology
(75 times)
BAV (29 times)
DA (26 times)
CT (21 times)
1975 Pressure-flow relations in the vessels of the canine aortic arch.
18  antioxidant activity
(191 times)
Chemistry
(44 times)
TPC (67 times)
DPPH (25 times)
TP (16 times)
1994 [Importance of thyroid hormones in the realization of the protective effects of cold adaptation].
19  abiraterone acetate
(188 times)
Neoplasms
(84 times)
mCRPC (85 times)
PSA (54 times)
OS (49 times)
2010 Phase II multicenter study of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone therapy in patients with docetaxel-treated castration-resistant prostate cancer.
20  aortic aneurysm
(169 times)
Vascular Diseases
(41 times)
AD (19 times)
Ang II (12 times)
CI (10 times)
1982 Time and cause of death for 301 patients operated on for abdominal aortic aneurysms.
21  Asiatic acid
(168 times)
Pharmacology
(34 times)
ROS (17 times)
MA (12 times)
NF-kappaB (12 times)
1999 Protective effects of asiaticoside derivatives against beta-amyloid neurotoxicity.
22  abdominal aorta
(157 times)
General Surgery
(27 times)
IVC (17 times)
TA (16 times)
SMA (14 times)
1984 Ultrasonic assessment of fetal growth in the nonhuman primate (Macaca mulatta).
23  arachidonic
(124 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
DHA (83 times)
EPA (45 times)
PUFAs (18 times)
1982 Unsaturated fatty acids alter aqueous humor dynamics and uveal flow.
24  acetaldehyde
(115 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
FA (21 times)
MDA (20 times)
EtOH (7 times)
1980 Effect of malonaldehyde and acetaldehyde on cultured mammalian cells: Growth, morphology, and synthesis of macromolecules.
25  allergic asthma
(101 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(52 times)
AR (31 times)
AD (10 times)
HDM (10 times)
1988 Circadian rhythm in total pulmonary resistance of asthmatic children. Effects of a beta-agonist agent.
26  advanced adenoma
(94 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
CRC (73 times)
FIT (25 times)
NAA (12 times)
2005 Detection of stool DNA mutations before and after treatment of colorectal neoplasia.
27  arachidonate
(94 times)
Biochemistry
(29 times)
EPA (11 times)
DHA (9 times)
LA (9 times)
1981 Effects of vasopressin and urea on Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent renal prostaglandin E.
28  all-atom
(91 times)
Chemistry
(56 times)
CG (77 times)
MD (32 times)
FF (5 times)
2006 A novel united-atom force field for imidazolium-based ionic liquids.
29  auricular acupuncture
(84 times)
Complementary Therapies
(33 times)
RCTs (7 times)
PSQI (6 times)
EA (4 times)
1992 [The reflexotherapy of patients with respiratory allergoses].
30  Arbor Acres
(77 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(33 times)
ADFI (5 times)
ADG (5 times)
FCR (5 times)
1990 Energy metabolism of broiler breeder hens. 2. Contribution of tissues to total heat production in fed and fasted hens.
31  African ancestry
(76 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
EA (54 times)
SNPs (9 times)
ER (7 times)
2006 Genomewide linkage scan of 409 European-ancestry and African American families with schizophrenia: suggestive evidence of linkage at 8p23.3-p21.2 and 11p13.1-q14.1 in the combined sample.
32  anthranilic acid
(74 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
KYN (25 times)
KYNA (19 times)
Trp (19 times)
1978 A mutation to 5-methyltryptophan dependence in the tryptophan (trp) operon of Salmonella typhimurium. II. Studies of 5-methyltryptophan-dependent mutants and their revertants.
33  antimycin A
(74 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
ROS (13 times)
CEF (7 times)
ROT (6 times)
1981 Effect of chloramphenicol, antimycin A and hydroxamate on the morphogenetic development of the dimorphic ascomycete Endomycopsis capsularis.
34  ascorbate
(73 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
DHA (8 times)
DA (7 times)
ROS (7 times)
1974 Uptake and reduction of oxidized and reduced ascorbate by human leukocytes.
35  aortic arch
(72 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
CTA (8 times)
DA (7 times)
CT (6 times)
1989 Detection of experimental atherosclerosis with indium-111 radiolabelled hematoporphyrin derivative.
36  atrial arrhythmias
(70 times)
Cardiology
(42 times)
AF (25 times)
OR (10 times)
CI (8 times)
1992 Intravenous propafenone for suppression of symptomatic atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter in a first aid hospital.
37  aromatase activity
(64 times)
Endocrinology
(26 times)
POA (15 times)
ARO-ir (7 times)
BNST (4 times)
1985 Distribution and regulation of aromatase activity in the rat hypothalamus and limbic system.
38  Alko Alcohol
(63 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(34 times)
ANA (29 times)
NP (6 times)
HAD (4 times)
1978 Intoxicating effects of three aliphatic alcohols and barbital on two rat strains genetically selected for their ethanol intake.
39  allyl alcohol
(54 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
BB (6 times)
ANIT (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1984 Serum gamma glutamyl transferase as a specific indicator of bile duct lesions in the rat liver.
40  afferent arterioles
(53 times)
Physiology
(27 times)
EA (15 times)
NO (8 times)
NE (6 times)
1986 Renin release from different parts of rat afferent arterioles in vitro.
41  arterio-arterial
(52 times)
Obstetrics
(27 times)
AV (23 times)
TTTS (19 times)
MC (8 times)
1979 Vascular access: long-term results, new techniques.
42  acetaminophen
(51 times)
Pharmacology
(29 times)
PAPS (4 times)
PCN (4 times)
DEX (3 times)
1984 Biliary excretion of acetaminophen in ureter-ligated rats.
43  Aggressive angiomyxoma
(50 times)
Gynecology
(14 times)
MRI (5 times)
AMFB (3 times)
PR (2 times)
1993 Immunohistochemical analysis of hormone receptors and proliferating cell nuclear antigen in aggressive angiomyxoma of the vulva.
44  anacardic acid
(47 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
HAT (12 times)
HDAC (5 times)
HATs (4 times)
2008 Histone acetyltransferase inhibitor anacardic acid causes changes in global gene expression during in vitro Plasmodium falciparum development.
45  alpha-amylase
(44 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
CgA (4 times)
HPA (4 times)
IgA (4 times)
1991 The effect of adrenal cortex hormones on heart and skeletal muscles amylases activity under conditions of alpha- and beta-adrenergic stimulation.
46  acetoacetate
(43 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
BHB (15 times)
NAC (7 times)
ROS (7 times)
1975 The concentration of ketone bodies, free fatty acids, and glycerol in the blood of obese perons after injection of insulin and glucose. Studies before and during absolute fasting.
47  acupuncture analgesia
(43 times)
Complementary Therapies
(24 times)
EA (8 times)
AP (4 times)
D-PAG (3 times)
1976 [Acupuncture analgesia in experimental animals].
48  ankle arthrodesis
(42 times)
Orthopedics
(33 times)
TAR (18 times)
TAA (15 times)
VAS (4 times)
2012 Multi-segment foot kinematics after total ankle replacement and ankle arthrodesis during relatively long-distance gait.
49  atrial activity
(42 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(32 times)
AF (39 times)
ECG (18 times)
ICA (8 times)
2004 Atrial activity extraction for atrial fibrillation analysis using blind source separation.
50  arytenoid adduction
(41 times)
Otolaryngology
(38 times)
UVFP (12 times)
ML (10 times)
MPT (9 times)
1997 Changes in length and spatial orientation of the vocal fold with arytenoid adduction in cadaver larynges.
51  accommodation
(40 times)
Ophthalmology
(23 times)
NPC (8 times)
AL (3 times)
DR (3 times)
1999 Ocular toxicity of Afromomum melegueta (alligator pepper) on healthy Igbos of Nigeria.
52  anti-angiogenic
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
PCa (9 times)
ADT (6 times)
CI (5 times)
2000 Nonsteroidal progestins and antiprogestins related to flutamide.
53  atomic absorption
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
FTIR (6 times)
ICP (4 times)
NMR (4 times)
1980 Light element abundance in brain nuclei using energy dispersive x-ray analysis and atomic absorption spectrophotometry.
54  4-aminoantipyrine
(38 times)
Pharmacology
(19 times)
MAA (30 times)
FAA (17 times)
AAA (16 times)
1984 Effects of a single administration of 6-aminonicotinamide on hepatic microsomal drug metabolism in rats.
55  anterior approach
(38 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
THA (13 times)
PA (11 times)
HCC (8 times)
1991 Preperitoneal herniorrhaphy for the acutely incarcerated groin hernia.
56  adrenal androgen
(37 times)
Endocrinology
(17 times)
DHEA (15 times)
DHEAS (11 times)
PCOS (10 times)
1979 Evidence for existence of cortical androgen-stimulating hormone.
57  amyloid A protein
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
SAA (13 times)
APOE (3 times)
HDL (3 times)
1980 Heterogeneity of human serum amyloid A proteins.
58  atlantoaxial
(37 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
CT (6 times)
RA (5 times)
OC (4 times)
1988 Reduction of rheumatoid periodontoid pannus following posterior occipito-cervical fusion visualised by magnetic resonance imaging.
59  atopic asthma
(34 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(14 times)
AN (6 times)
NAA (5 times)
BAL (4 times)
1990 The generation and metabolism of leukotrienes in the ionophore-stimulated blood of normal and asthmatic subjects.
60  atypical antipsychotics
(34 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
RIS (6 times)
AD (3 times)
PD (3 times)
2002 Atypical antipsychotics in Parkinson-sensitive populations.
61  alcohol abuse
(32 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(11 times)
AD (15 times)
AUD (3 times)
AUDs (3 times)
1988 Alcoholism by Chinese diagnostic interview schedule: a prevalence and validity study.
62  ambulatory assessment
(32 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
PA (4 times)
BPD (2 times)
NA (2 times)
2012 Social context of anger in borderline personality disorder and depressive disorders: findings from a naturalistic observation study.
63  accommodative amplitude
(30 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
NPC (7 times)
AF (5 times)
CISS (3 times)
2002 Reliability of binocular vision measurements used in the classification of convergence insufficiency.
64  acetylacetone
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
BA (3 times)
DFT (3 times)
NBO (3 times)
1988 Subpicogram determination of malondialdehyde by gas-liquid chromatography with nitrogen phosphorus detector. I. Standardization.
65  activated alumina
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
GFH (5 times)
NOM (3 times)
SC (3 times)
2004 Arsenic removal using mesoporous alumina prepared via a templating method.
66  arjunolic acid
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
ROS (5 times)
STZ (5 times)
CAT (3 times)
2007 Arjunolic acid, a triterpenoid saponin, ameliorates arsenic-induced cyto-toxicity in hepatocytes.
67  active avoidance
(29 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
PA (5 times)
AChE (3 times)
AD (3 times)
1981 Influence of rearing conditions on the acquisition of the two-way active avoidance responses by rats septalectomized at an early age.
68  alginic acid
(27 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
CAA (3 times)
FTIR (3 times)
XPS (3 times)
1991 [Antimicrobial properties of fibrous cellulose and other polymeric materials modified with chlorhexidine].
69  auxiliary activity
(27 times)
Biotechnology
(8 times)
LPMOs (8 times)
CAZymes (6 times)
GH (4 times)
2014 Comparative study of two chitin-active and two cellulose-active AA10-type lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases.
70  acetabular angle
(25 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
CEA (6 times)
DARA (5 times)
JPS (3 times)
1990 Comparison of radiographic parameters for analysis of normal and dysplastic hips in the adult.
71  aggregative adherence
(25 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
EAEC (19 times)
AAF (3 times)
EPEC (3 times)
1992 Aggregative adherence fimbriae I of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli mediate adherence to HEp-2 cells and hemagglutination of human erythrocytes.
72  alpha angle
(25 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
FAI (8 times)
CT (7 times)
LCEA (7 times)
2013 Albumin-induced coagulopathy is less severe and more effectively reversed with fibrinogen concentrate than is synthetic colloid-induced coagulopathy.
73  amyloid protein A
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SAA (10 times)
AEF (2 times)
AL (2 times)
1978 Partial characterization of amyloid proteins in inherited amyloidosis with lattice corneal dystrophy and in secondary amyloidosis.
74  azelaic acid
(22 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
GA (3 times)
AACD (2 times)
COC (2 times)
1987 Azelaic acid vs. placebo: effects on normal human keratinocytes and melanocytes. Electron microscopic evaluation after long-term application in vivo.
75  academic achievement
(21 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
PA (5 times)
CIs (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
2010 A quasi-experimental study of maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring academic achievement.
76  aromatic amines
(21 times)
Biology
(5 times)
NAT (3 times)
2-AF (2 times)
aOR (2 times)
1989 Bladder cancer and occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
77  aldosterone antagonists
(20 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
ACEi (9 times)
ARB (9 times)
BB (8 times)
2007 Guideline adherence for pharmacotherapy of chronic systolic heart failure in general practice: a closer look on evidence-based therapy.
78  ambient air
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
CF (4 times)
NF (4 times)
eO3 (2 times)
1980 A non-pharmacologic approach to the treatment of exercise-induced bronchospasm.
79  axillary artery
(20 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
FA (4 times)
BA (2 times)
CP (2 times)
2004 Anatomical variations in termination of the axillary artery and its clinical implications.
80  anticipatory activity
(19 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
fMRI (2 times)
RF (2 times)
2AFC (1 time)
1989 Forced dissociation of activity entrained to T cycles of food access in rats with suprachiasmatic lesions.
81  African
(18 times)
Science
(5 times)
EA (14 times)
SNPs (6 times)
ARIC (4 times)
2008 The academic alliance for AIDS care and prevention in Africa.
82  aortic annulus
(18 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
CT (4 times)
SV (4 times)
MDCT (3 times)
1992 [Echocardiographic assessment of aortic regurgitation and aortic root dilatation in bicuspid aortic valve].
83  area
(18 times)
Botany
(3 times)
ACA (2 times)
ACD (2 times)
AS (2 times)
1987 Mathematical modeling of fetal growth. IV. Evaluation of trunk growth using the abdominal profile area.
84  acetabular anteversion
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
THA (5 times)
CT (4 times)
APP (3 times)
2009 Measurement of acetabular anteversion in developmental dysplasia of the hip in children by two- and three-dimensional computed tomography.
85  acetic anhydride
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
SA (3 times)
ACS (2 times)
BPA (2 times)
1976 Selective histochemical localization of polysaccharides in tissue sections oxidized by acetic anhydride in dimethyl sulfoxide.
86  age acceleration
(17 times)
Epigenesis, Genetic
(3 times)
DNAm (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
IEAA (2 times)
2015 Prenatal and early life influences on epigenetic age in children: a study of mother-offspring pairs from two cohort studies.
87  alkylating agents
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
HL (2 times)
2CdA (1 time)
4-HC (1 time)
1979 The relation between reaction kinetics and mutagenic action of mono-functional alkylating agents in higher eukaryotic systems. I. Recessive lethal mutations and translocations in Drosophila.
88  Accelerated Approval
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
FDA (9 times)
NMEs (4 times)
RA (4 times)
2003 End points and United States Food and Drug Administration approval of oncology drugs.
89  anticholinergic activity
(16 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AD (7 times)
ACh (5 times)
SAA (5 times)
2006 A model of anticholinergic activity of atypical antipsychotic medications.
90  autoantibodies
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
Tg (3 times)
Ac (1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
1988 Danazol but not gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists suppresses autoantibodies in endometriosis.
91  amyloid angiopathy
(15 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
AD (5 times)
SP (4 times)
ATD (2 times)
1981 Cerebral amyloid angiopathy in the elderly.
92  antiarrhythmic
(15 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
AF (5 times)
HRV (2 times)
ICDs (2 times)
1985 [Evaluation of flecainide in the therapy of chronic ventricular arrhythmia using the acute oral load method].
93  aortic atherosclerosis
(15 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
TEE (7 times)
CAD (6 times)
CFR (6 times)
2000 Aortic atherosclerosis is a marker for significant coronary artery disease.
94  amenorrheic athletes
(14 times)
Metabolism
(8 times)
EA (12 times)
BMD (7 times)
NA (3 times)
1991 Marked augmentation of nocturnal melatonin secretion in amenorrheic athletes, but not in cycling athletes: unaltered by opioidergic or dopaminergic blockade.
95  androgen ablation
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
EBRT (2 times)
PSA (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1999 Very frequent p53 mutations in metastatic prostate carcinoma and in matched primary tumors.
96  androgenic alopecia
(14 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
SHBG (2 times)
5-ADIOL-S (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1989 [Usefulness and limitations of the evaluation of sex-hormone-binding globulin in women with a female pattern of androgen-induced baldness].
97  artesunate-amodiaquine
(14 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
AL (13 times)
ACTs (4 times)
ACT (3 times)
2008 Feasibility and acceptability of artemisinin-based combination therapy for the home management of malaria in four African sites.
98  abiraterone
(13 times)
Urology
(7 times)
mCRPC (7 times)
OS (6 times)
PFS (4 times)
2013 Expert opinion on chemotherapy use in castration-resistant prostate cancer progressing after docetaxel.
99  amyloid-associated
(13 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AL (3 times)
FMF (2 times)
RA (2 times)
1987 A new model of AA-amyloidosis induced by oral pristane in BALB/c mice.
100  Aberdeen Angus
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
BB (4 times)
CH (2 times)
HF (2 times)
1993 Ryegrass staggers in heifers: a new mycotoxicosis in Argentina.