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Abbreviation: AA
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Long forms: 1399

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
arachidonic acid
(6518 times)
Biochemistry
(1270 times)
DHA (791 times)
EPA (713 times)
COX (370 times)
1975 Effects of ganglionic and beta-adrenergic blockade on cardiovascular responses to the bisenoic prostaglandins and their precursor arachidonic acid.
ascorbic acid
(2408 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(329 times)
DA (334 times)
UA (298 times)
GCE (97 times)
1963 A chemiluminescence (CL) of phenazine methosulfate (PMS) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (HOOH) induced by reductants including reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and ascorbic acid (AA).
African American
(2156 times)
Neoplasms
(360 times)
EA (403 times)
CA (189 times)
CI (132 times)
1987 Nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Israel: epidemiology and Epstein-Barr virus-related serology.
aplastic anemia
(1203 times)
Hematology
(679 times)
MDS (214 times)
PNH (144 times)
IST (120 times)
1975 Bone marrow transplantation in children with aplastic anemia and acute lymphatic leukemia.
alopecia areata
(784 times)
Dermatology
(497 times)
SALT (23 times)
AU (22 times)
DPCP (21 times)
1976 Prednisone therapy for alopecia areata. A follow-up report.
adjuvant arthritis
(445 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(151 times)
RA (68 times)
TNF-alpha (27 times)
IL (26 times)
1972 Antibody to mycobacterial antigens in adjuvant arthritis (AA). I. Relationship to disease and delayed hypersensitivity.
acrylic acid
(385 times)
Chemistry
(103 times)
SEM (41 times)
FTIR (32 times)
PAA (25 times)
1976 Polymer-ceramic composite for tooth-root implant.
acrylamide
(362 times)
Toxicology
(98 times)
GA (87 times)
Hb (21 times)
ROS (17 times)
1985 [Safety of animal husbandry products produced by using allyl isothiocyanate-preserved feeds].
anaplastic astrocytoma
(306 times)
Neoplasms
(192 times)
GBM (178 times)
OS (43 times)
PFS (38 times)
1987 Phase II diaziquone-based chemotherapy trials in patients with anaplastic supratentorial astrocytic neoplasms.
10  aristolochic acid
(296 times)
Toxicology
(54 times)
AAN (51 times)
AAI (32 times)
CHN (25 times)
1984 Mutagenicity of the two main components of commercially available carcinogenic aristolochic acid in Salmonella typhimurium.
11  Alcoholics Anonymous
(295 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(213 times)
NA (29 times)
AUD (7 times)
PDA (7 times)
1965 [Alcoholics Anonymous (A.A.) and the treatment of the chronic alcoholic patients].
12  acetic acid
(260 times)
Pharmacology
(31 times)
LA (21 times)
MPO (14 times)
UC (14 times)
1979 Decrements in olfactory sensitivity due to ozone exposure.
13  acute appendicitis
(241 times)
General Surgery
(108 times)
CRP (29 times)
WBC (26 times)
US (20 times)
1988 Acute appendicitis in childhood in the Negev region: some epidemiological observations over an 11-year period (1973-1983).
14  amyloid A
(229 times)
Pathology
(40 times)
SAA (76 times)
RA (21 times)
AL (20 times)
1976 Isolation and partial characterization of SAA-an amyloid-related protein from human serum.
15  adjuvant-induced arthritis
(185 times)
Pharmacology
(63 times)
RA (44 times)
HPA (13 times)
IL (12 times)
1981 Increased acetylation and elimination of sulphadimidine in rats with adjuvant induced arthritis.
16  ascending aorta
(160 times)
Cardiology
(56 times)
BAV (22 times)
DA (20 times)
MPA (16 times)
1975 Pressure-flow relations in the vessels of the canine aortic arch.
17  abiraterone acetate
(140 times)
Neoplasms
(66 times)
mCRPC (62 times)
PSA (45 times)
CRPC (37 times)
2010 Phase II multicenter study of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone therapy in patients with docetaxel-treated castration-resistant prostate cancer.
18  abdominal aorta
(123 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
TA (14 times)
IVC (13 times)
SMA (9 times)
1984 Ultrasonic assessment of fetal growth in the nonhuman primate (Macaca mulatta).
19  antioxidant activity
(113 times)
Chemistry
(34 times)
TPC (32 times)
DPPH (17 times)
TP (11 times)
1994 [Importance of thyroid hormones in the realization of the protective effects of cold adaptation].
20  arachidonic
(112 times)
Biochemistry
(26 times)
DHA (78 times)
EPA (42 times)
PUFAs (15 times)
1982 Unsaturated fatty acids alter aqueous humor dynamics and uveal flow.
21  Asiatic acid
(112 times)
Pharmacology
(23 times)
ROS (10 times)
IL (8 times)
NF-kappaB (8 times)
1999 Protective effects of asiaticoside derivatives against beta-amyloid neurotoxicity.
22  aortic aneurysm
(110 times)
Vascular Diseases
(29 times)
CI (8 times)
AD (7 times)
CT (7 times)
1982 Time and cause of death for 301 patients operated on for abdominal aortic aneurysms.
23  acetaldehyde
(102 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
MDA (19 times)
FA (16 times)
ADH (6 times)
1980 Effect of malonaldehyde and acetaldehyde on cultured mammalian cells: Growth, morphology, and synthesis of macromolecules.
24  arachidonate
(93 times)
Biochemistry
(29 times)
EPA (11 times)
DHA (9 times)
LA (9 times)
1981 Effects of vasopressin and urea on Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent renal prostaglandin E.
25  ascorbate
(68 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
DHA (8 times)
DA (7 times)
DHAA (5 times)
1974 Uptake and reduction of oxidized and reduced ascorbate by human leukocytes.
26  allergic asthma
(67 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(35 times)
AR (20 times)
HC (8 times)
HDM (7 times)
1988 Circadian rhythm in total pulmonary resistance of asthmatic children. Effects of a beta-agonist agent.
27  aromatase activity
(64 times)
Endocrinology
(26 times)
POA (15 times)
ARO-ir (7 times)
BNST (4 times)
1985 Distribution and regulation of aromatase activity in the rat hypothalamus and limbic system.
28  Alko, Alcohol
(59 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(34 times)
ANA (29 times)
NP (6 times)
HAD (4 times)
1978 Intoxicating effects of three aliphatic alcohols and barbital on two rat strains genetically selected for their ethanol intake.
29  antimycin A
(58 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
ROS (11 times)
ROT (6 times)
TTFA (4 times)
1981 Effect of chloramphenicol, antimycin A and hydroxamate on the morphogenetic development of the dimorphic ascomycete Endomycopsis capsularis.
30  anthranilic acid
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
KYN (17 times)
KYNA (13 times)
Trp (12 times)
1978 A mutation to 5-methyltryptophan dependence in the tryptophan (trp) operon of Salmonella typhimurium. II. Studies of 5-methyltryptophan-dependent mutants and their revertants.
31  aortic arch
(56 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
CTA (6 times)
DA (6 times)
TEE (6 times)
1989 Detection of experimental atherosclerosis with indium-111 radiolabelled hematoporphyrin derivative.
32  all-atom
(55 times)
Chemistry
(32 times)
CG (45 times)
MD (20 times)
UA (5 times)
2006 A novel united-atom force field for imidazolium-based ionic liquids.
33  afferent arterioles
(52 times)
Physiology
(26 times)
EA (14 times)
NO (7 times)
NE (6 times)
1986 Renin release from different parts of rat afferent arterioles in vitro.
34  acetaminophen
(50 times)
Pharmacology
(29 times)
PAPS (4 times)
PCN (4 times)
GST (3 times)
1984 Biliary excretion of acetaminophen in ureter-ligated rats.
35  allyl alcohol
(50 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
BB (6 times)
ANIT (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1984 Serum gamma glutamyl transferase as a specific indicator of bile duct lesions in the rat liver.
36  auricular acupuncture
(49 times)
Complementary Therapies
(22 times)
RCTs (5 times)
HRV (3 times)
AE (2 times)
1992 [The reflexotherapy of patients with respiratory allergoses].
37  Arbor Acres
(47 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(27 times)
ADG (5 times)
ADFI (4 times)
BJY (4 times)
1990 Energy metabolism of broiler breeder hens. 2. Contribution of tissues to total heat production in fed and fasted hens.
38  African ancestry
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
EA (33 times)
SNPs (9 times)
ER (6 times)
2006 Genomewide linkage scan of 409 European-ancestry and African American families with schizophrenia: suggestive evidence of linkage at 8p23.3-p21.2 and 11p13.1-q14.1 in the combined sample.
39  acupuncture analgesia
(42 times)
Complementary Therapies
(23 times)
EA (8 times)
AP (4 times)
D-PAG (3 times)
1976 [Acupuncture analgesia in experimental animals].
40  acetoacetate
(39 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
BHB (14 times)
NAC (7 times)
ROS (6 times)
1975 The concentration of ketone bodies, free fatty acids, and glycerol in the blood of obese perons after injection of insulin and glucose. Studies before and during absolute fasting.
41  Aggressive angiomyxoma
(39 times)
Gynecology
(13 times)
MRI (3 times)
AMFB (2 times)
PR (2 times)
1993 Immunohistochemical analysis of hormone receptors and proliferating cell nuclear antigen in aggressive angiomyxoma of the vulva.
42  atrial activity
(39 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(30 times)
AF (36 times)
ECG (16 times)
ICA (8 times)
2004 Atrial activity extraction for atrial fibrillation analysis using blind source separation.
43  atrial arrhythmias
(38 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
AF (10 times)
OR (4 times)
PV (4 times)
1992 Intravenous propafenone for suppression of symptomatic atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter in a first aid hospital.
44  adrenal androgen
(37 times)
Endocrinology
(17 times)
DHEA (15 times)
DHEAS (11 times)
PCOS (10 times)
1979 Evidence for existence of cortical androgen-stimulating hormone.
45  advanced adenoma
(37 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
CRC (27 times)
FIT (6 times)
NAA (6 times)
2006 Detection of stool DNA mutations before and after treatment of colorectal neoplasia.
46  amyloid A protein
(37 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
SAA (13 times)
APOE (3 times)
HDL (3 times)
1980 Heterogeneity of human serum amyloid A proteins.
47  atomic absorption
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
FTIR (6 times)
ICP (4 times)
NMR (4 times)
1980 Light element abundance in brain nuclei using energy dispersive x-ray analysis and atomic absorption spectrophotometry.
48  4-aminoantipyrine
(32 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
MAA (25 times)
FAA (16 times)
AAA (14 times)
1984 Effects of a single administration of 6-aminonicotinamide on hepatic microsomal drug metabolism in rats.
49  antiandrogen
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
ADT (6 times)
PCa (6 times)
GnRH (5 times)
2000 Nonsteroidal progestins and antiprogestins related to flutamide.
50  arytenoid adduction
(31 times)
Otolaryngology
(30 times)
ML (8 times)
MPT (7 times)
UVFP (7 times)
1997 Changes in length and spatial orientation of the vocal fold with arytenoid adduction in cadaver larynges.
51  arterio-arterial
(30 times)
Obstetrics
(18 times)
AV (15 times)
TTTS (14 times)
MC (6 times)
1979 Vascular access: long-term results, new techniques.
52  atopic asthma
(30 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(14 times)
AN (6 times)
NAA (4 times)
BAL (3 times)
1990 The generation and metabolism of leukotrienes in the ionophore-stimulated blood of normal and asthmatic subjects.
53  alcohol abuse
(29 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(11 times)
AD (15 times)
AUD (3 times)
AUDs (3 times)
1988 Alcoholism by Chinese diagnostic interview schedule: a prevalence and validity study.
54  atypical antipsychotics
(29 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
AD (3 times)
PD (3 times)
RIS (3 times)
2002 Atypical antipsychotics in Parkinson-sensitive populations.
55  active avoidance
(28 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
PA (5 times)
AChE (3 times)
AD (3 times)
1981 Influence of rearing conditions on the acquisition of the two-way active avoidance responses by rats septalectomized at an early age.
56  alpha-amylase
(28 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CgA (4 times)
HPA (4 times)
IgA (3 times)
1991 The effect of adrenal cortex hormones on heart and skeletal muscles amylases activity under conditions of alpha- and beta-adrenergic stimulation.
57  atlantoaxial
(28 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
CT (5 times)
RA (4 times)
OC (3 times)
1988 Reduction of rheumatoid periodontoid pannus following posterior occipito-cervical fusion visualised by magnetic resonance imaging.
58  anacardic acid
(27 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
HAT (10 times)
HDAC (4 times)
HATs (3 times)
2008 Histone acetyltransferase inhibitor anacardic acid causes changes in global gene expression during in vitro Plasmodium falciparum development.
59  arjunolic acid
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
ROS (5 times)
STZ (4 times)
CAT (3 times)
2007 Arjunolic acid, a triterpenoid saponin, ameliorates arsenic-induced cyto-toxicity in hepatocytes.
60  acetabular angle
(24 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
CEA (6 times)
DARA (5 times)
JPS (3 times)
1990 Comparison of radiographic parameters for analysis of normal and dysplastic hips in the adult.
61  anterior approach
(24 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
HCC (8 times)
PA (8 times)
CA (5 times)
1991 Preperitoneal herniorrhaphy for the acutely incarcerated groin hernia.
62  accommodation
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
NPC (5 times)
DR (3 times)
LT (3 times)
1999 Ocular toxicity of Afromomum melegueta (alligator pepper) on healthy Igbos of Nigeria.
63  activated alumina
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
GFH (5 times)
NOM (3 times)
TCLP (3 times)
2004 Arsenic removal using mesoporous alumina prepared via a templating method.
64  aggregative adherence
(22 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
EAEC (16 times)
AAF (3 times)
EPEC (3 times)
1992 Aggregative adherence fimbriae I of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli mediate adherence to HEp-2 cells and hemagglutination of human erythrocytes.
65  amyloid protein A
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SAA (10 times)
AEF (2 times)
A-SAA (1 time)
1978 Partial characterization of amyloid proteins in inherited amyloidosis with lattice corneal dystrophy and in secondary amyloidosis.
66  acetylacetone
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
BA (3 times)
DFT (3 times)
NBO (3 times)
1988 Subpicogram determination of malondialdehyde by gas-liquid chromatography with nitrogen phosphorus detector. I. Standardization.
67  accommodative amplitude
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
NPC (3 times)
PD (3 times)
IOP (2 times)
2002 Reliability of binocular vision measurements used in the classification of convergence insufficiency.
68  anticipatory activity
(19 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
fMRI (2 times)
RF (2 times)
2AFC (1 time)
1989 Forced dissociation of activity entrained to T cycles of food access in rats with suprachiasmatic lesions.
69  aromatic amines
(19 times)
Biology
(5 times)
NAT (3 times)
2-AF (2 times)
AOR (2 times)
1989 Bladder cancer and occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
70  alginic acid
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
CAA (3 times)
BSA (2 times)
CMC (2 times)
1991 [Antimicrobial properties of fibrous cellulose and other polymeric materials modified with chlorhexidine].
71  ankle arthrodesis
(18 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
TAR (9 times)
TAA (5 times)
ICC (2 times)
2012 Multi-segment foot kinematics after total ankle replacement and ankle arthrodesis during relatively long-distance gait.
72  azelaic acid
(18 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
GA (3 times)
AACD (2 times)
COC (2 times)
1987 Azelaic acid vs. placebo: effects on normal human keratinocytes and melanocytes. Electron microscopic evaluation after long-term application in vivo.
73  aldosterone antagonists
(16 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
ARB (9 times)
ACEI (8 times)
BB (6 times)
2008 Guideline adherence for pharmacotherapy of chronic systolic heart failure in general practice: a closer look on evidence-based therapy.
74  anticholinergic activity
(16 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AD (7 times)
ACh (5 times)
SAA (5 times)
2006 A model of anticholinergic activity of atypical antipsychotic medications.
75  area
(16 times)
Botany
(3 times)
ACA (2 times)
ACD (2 times)
AS (2 times)
1987 Mathematical modeling of fetal growth. IV. Evaluation of trunk growth using the abdominal profile area.
76  auxiliary activities
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
LPMOs (4 times)
CAZymes (3 times)
GH (3 times)
2014 Comparative study of two chitin-active and two cellulose-active AA10-type lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases.
77  adipic acid
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
MA (5 times)
DVS (3 times)
GA (3 times)
1981 Elimination, distribution and metabolism of di-(2-ethylhexyl)adipate (DEHA) in rats.
78  alkylating agents
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
HL (2 times)
2CdA (1 time)
4-HC (1 time)
1979 The relation between reaction kinetics and mutagenic action of mono-functional alkylating agents in higher eukaryotic systems. I. Recessive lethal mutations and translocations in Drosophila.
79  ambient air
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
CF (4 times)
NF (4 times)
ETS (2 times)
1980 A non-pharmacologic approach to the treatment of exercise-induced bronchospasm.
80  axillary artery
(15 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
FA (3 times)
BA (2 times)
FAS (2 times)
2004 Anatomical variations in termination of the axillary artery and its clinical implications.
81  acetic anhydride
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
SA (3 times)
ACS (2 times)
BPA (2 times)
1976 Selective histochemical localization of polysaccharides in tissue sections oxidized by acetic anhydride in dimethyl sulfoxide.
82  African
(14 times)
Science
(5 times)
EA (11 times)
SNPs (6 times)
ARIC (4 times)
2008 The academic alliance for AIDS care and prevention in Africa.
83  alpha angle
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
FAI (6 times)
CT (4 times)
CFT (3 times)
2013 Albumin-induced coagulopathy is less severe and more effectively reversed with fibrinogen concentrate than is synthetic colloid-induced coagulopathy.
84  androgen ablation
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
EBRT (2 times)
PSA (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1998 Very frequent p53 mutations in metastatic prostate carcinoma and in matched primary tumors.
85  antiarrhythmic
(14 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
AF (4 times)
HRV (2 times)
ICDs (2 times)
1985 [Evaluation of flecainide in the therapy of chronic ventricular arrhythmia using the acute oral load method].
86  aortic atherosclerosis
(14 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
TEE (7 times)
CAD (6 times)
CFR (6 times)
1999 Aortic atherosclerosis is a marker for significant coronary artery disease.
87  ambulatory assessment
(13 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
BPD (2 times)
AI (1 time)
EAR (1 time)
2013 Ambulatory assessment.
88  amyloid angiopathy
(13 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
AD (5 times)
SP (4 times)
ATD (2 times)
1981 Cerebral amyloid angiopathy in the elderly.
89  androgenic alopecia
(13 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
SHBG (2 times)
5-ADIOL-S (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1989 [Usefulness and limitations of the evaluation of sex-hormone-binding globulin in women with a female pattern of androgen-induced baldness].
90  artesunate-amodiaquine
(13 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
AL (12 times)
ACT (3 times)
ACTs (3 times)
2008 Feasibility and acceptability of artemisinin-based combination therapy for the home management of malaria in four African sites.
91  academic achievement
(12 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
PA (4 times)
AF (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
2010 A quasi-experimental study of maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring academic achievement.
92  alcohol-accepting
(12 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
ANA (6 times)
FH (2 times)
NP (2 times)
1981 The ethanol stimulus in rats with differing ethanol preferences.
93  amenorrheic athletes
(12 times)
Metabolism
(8 times)
EA (10 times)
BMD (5 times)
NA (3 times)
1991 Marked augmentation of nocturnal melatonin secretion in amenorrheic athletes, but not in cycling athletes: unaltered by opioidergic or dopaminergic blockade.
94  aortic annulus
(12 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
AR (2 times)
CT (2 times)
MDCT (2 times)
1992 [Echocardiographic assessment of aortic regurgitation and aortic root dilatation in bicuspid aortic valve].
95  autoantibodies
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
Tg (2 times)
Ac (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
1984 Autoantibodies to nuclear, cytoplasmic, and cytoskeletal antigens in renal allograft rejection.
96  Aberdeen Angus
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
BB (4 times)
HF (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
1993 Ryegrass staggers in heifers: a new mycotoxicosis in Argentina.
97  atomic absorption spectrophotometry
(11 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
FTIR (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
1996 Biotransformation of the platinum drug JM216 following oral administration to cancer patients.
98  acanthoic acid
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
LPS (3 times)
LXRs (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
2006 Inhibition of trypsin-induced mast cell activation by acanthoic acid.
99  amyloid-associated
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
RA (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1987 A new model of AA-amyloidosis induced by oral pristane in BALB/c mice.
100  anovulatory anoestrus
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
ODB (5 times)
AB (2 times)
CL (2 times)
2001 Supplementing treated anoestrous dairy cows with progesterone does not increase conception rates.