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Abbreviation: AAF
Appearance Frequency: 923 time(s)
Long forms: 127

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
2-acetylaminofluorene
(539 times)
Neoplasms
(185 times)
AF (74 times)
DEN (43 times)
N-OH-AAF (26 times)
1966 [Action of 2-acetaminofluorene (AAF) on the serous tubes of the submaxillary gland of the rat].
anterior auditory field
(76 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
AI (33 times)
PAF (12 times)
CF (7 times)
1977 Representation of the cochlea within the anterior auditory field (AAF) of the cat.
altered auditory feedback
(31 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(16 times)
DAF (6 times)
FAF (5 times)
NAF (3 times)
1997 Effect of altered auditory feedback on people who stutter during scripted telephone conversations.
amino acid-based formula
(25 times)
Pediatrics
(14 times)
CMA (13 times)
eHF (6 times)
CMPA (4 times)
2001 Hypoallergenicity and efficacy of an amino acid-based formula in children with cow's milk and multiple food hypersensitivities.
aggregative adherence fimbriae
(23 times)
Microbiology
(9 times)
EAEC (21 times)
AA (3 times)
EHEC (2 times)
2001 Short report: characterization of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli isolates from Iranian children.
amino acid formula
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
CMA (7 times)
eHF (6 times)
CMPA (5 times)
2006 Hypoallergenic formula prescribing practices in Australia.
alcohol-attributable fraction
(15 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
YPLL (2 times)
ALD (1 time)
APC (1 time)
1991 Quantifying the disease impact of alcohol with ARDI software.
amines 2-acetylaminofluorene
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
AF (3 times)
4-MPy (1 time)
AAIF (1 time)
1980 Thymocyte stimulating activity of the serum of rats in the early phase after 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF)-treatment.
acetic acid fermentation
(8 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
SAV (3 times)
AF (2 times)
DGGE (1 time)
2013 Exploring microbial succession and diversity during solid-state fermentation of Tianjin duliu mature vinegar.
10  adverse analytical finding
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
WADA (5 times)
DaS (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2012 Effectiveness of GH isoform differential immunoassay for detecting rhGH doping on application of various growth factors.
11  amnio-allantoic fluid
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AIV (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CCHFV (1 time)
1998 Amnio-allantoic fluid exchange for prevention of intestinal damage in gastroschisis II: Effects of exchange performed by using two different solutions.
12  acetylated 2-aminofluorene
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AF (4 times)
NAT (4 times)
PABA (2 times)
2001 Effects of the butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene on the DNA adduct formation and arylamines N-acetyltransferase activity in human colon tumor cells.
13  acute-onset atrial fibrillation
(4 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
EDOU (2 times)
2002 An emergency department observation unit protocol for acute-onset atrial fibrillation is feasible.
14  alpha accessory factor
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
OB (1 time)
1990 Purification and properties of an accessory protein for DNA polymerase alpha/primase.
15  anaplastic foci
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
GBM (5 times)
MST (2 times)
RTOG (2 times)
1992 Does extent of surgery influence outcome for astrocytoma with atypical or anaplastic foci (AAF)? A report from three Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) trials.
16  abdominal advancement flap
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BCS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DBR (1 time)
2013 Abdominal advancement flap as oncoplastic breast conservation: report of seven cases and their cosmetic results.
17  African American females
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AAM (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
1996 Aging and bone metabolism in African American and Caucasian women.
18  agglutination activating factor
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 1955 Serological reactions in rheumatoid arthritis; the relation of the agglutination activating factor (AAF) to complement.
19  air accumulation factor
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CAF (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1989 The assessment of air and soil as contributors of some trace metals to vegetable plants. III. Experiments with field-grown plants.
20  alkylammonium formate
(3 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(1 time)
EAF (2 times)
MAF (2 times)
12'CA (1 time)
2011 Fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopy of cytochrome c in alkylammonium formate ionic liquids.
21  aniline aerofloat
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
TOC (1 time)
VUV (1 time)
2018 Sorption kinetics, isotherms, and mechanism of aniline aerofloat to agricultural soils with various physicochemical properties.
22  aorto-atrial fistula
(3 times)
Thoracic Diseases
(2 times)
--- 2005 Clinical and echocardiographic features of aorto-atrial fistulas.
23  atlantoaxial fusion
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
OCF (2 times)
AAD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2017 Comparison of occipitocervical and atlantoaxial fusion in treatment of unstable Jefferson fractures.
24  atypical atrial flutter
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ASC (1 time)
TAF (1 time)
UHD-ASM (1 time)
2002 Atypical atrial flutter: clinical features, electrophysiological characteristics and response to radiofrequency catheter ablation.
25  average attributable fraction
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
CHS (1 time)
CV-death (1 time)
2012 Respective contribution of chronic conditions to disability in France: results from the national Disability-Health Survey.
26  abruptly autofocusing
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CPBs (1 time)
2011 Fourier-space generation of abruptly autofocusing beams and optical bottle beams.
27  acrylic amine fiber
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SMR (1 time)
2020 Adsorption and recovery of phosphate from water by amine fiber, effects of co-existing ions and column filtration.
28  adult acquired flatfoot
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ATC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2006 Radiographic comparison of standing medial cuneiform arch height in adults with and without acquired flatfoot deformity.
29  alterations of auditory feedback
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2012 The experience of agency in sequence production with altered auditory feedback.
30  alternate allele fraction
(2 times)
Genomics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AR (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2019 A clinical survey of mosaic single nucleotide variants in disease-causing genes detected by exome sequencing.
31  anal advancement flap
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
LIS (2 times)
CAF (1 time)
2011 Medium-term results of anal advancement flap compared with lateral sphincterotomy for the treatment of anal fissure.
32  anaplastic features
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
GBM (2 times)
KPS (1 time)
RTOG (1 time)
1983 Necrosis as a prognostic criterion in malignant supratentorial, astrocytic gliomas.
33  ARABIDOPSIS A-FIFTEEN
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ACC (1 time)
EIN2 (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2012 Role of ARABIDOPSIS A-FIFTEEN in regulating leaf senescence involves response to reactive oxygen species and is dependent on ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE2.
34  ascertainment-assumption-free
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
--- 1988 A resolution of the ascertainment sampling problem. III. Pedigrees.
35  assembly and alignment-free
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
alphaHD (1 time)
NPB (1 time)
PRD (1 time)
2015 An assembly and alignment-free method of phylogeny reconstruction from next-generation sequencing data.
36  IFN-alpha activation factor
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ADE (1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
GAS (1 time)
1991 Two distinct alpha-interferon-dependent signal transduction pathways may contribute to activation of transcription of the guanylate-binding protein gene.
37  2-acetyl-(9-14C)aminofluorene
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
1995 Metabolism of 2-acetylaminofluorene by hepatocytes isolated from rainbow trout.
38  2-aminofluorene, 2-acetylaminofluorene
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TBH (1 time)
1995 Cytotoxicity of aromatic amines in rat liver and oxidative stress.
39  AA free
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
KO (1 time)
mTOR (1 time)
2020 Dynamic analysis of 4E-BP1 phosphorylation in neurons with Tsc2 or Depdc5 knockout.
40  AAF group
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2018 Incidence and Risk Factors of Anterior Arch Fracture of the Atlas Following C1 Laminectomy Without Fusion.
41  AAF units was shorter than in AI
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
BF (1 time)
BW20 (1 time)
1995 Comparison of responses in the anterior and primary auditory fields of the ferret cortex.
42  AAF/AAF
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GBM (3 times)
RTOG (1 time)
1995 Central pathology review in clinical trials for patients with malignant glioma. A Report of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 83-02.
43  abdominal aortic flow
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
IVCF (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2020 Evaluation of gravity effect on inferior vena cava and abdominal aortic flow using multi-posture MRI.
44  Abeta-associated factors
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
FA (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2013 Immunohistochemical characterization of novel monoclonal antibodies against the N-terminus of amyloid beta-peptide.
45  Academic Alliance Foundation
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
IDI (1 time)
2008 The academic alliance for AIDS care and prevention in Africa.
46  accumulated angle factor
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
DAS (1 time)
GCF (1 time)
PCF (1 time)
2018 Accumulated Angle Factor-Based Beamforming to Improve the Visualization of Spinal Structures in Ultrasound Images.
47  Accumulated Associated Factors
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
EPDS (1 time)
FP (1 time)
STAI (1 time)
2020 Detection of depressive-anxiety symptomatology and associated risk factors among pregnant women in a low-income neighborhood.
48  acetyl-AF
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
BP (1 time)
BPDE (1 time)
1996 Variation in the response of T cells to concanavalin A after in vitro exposure to benzo[A]pyrene and 2-aminofluorene.
49  acetylaminofluorene treatment
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
LPC (1 time)
TGF-beta (1 time)
2012 Liver precursor cells increase hepatic fibrosis induced by chronic carbon tetrachloride intoxication in rats.
50  acetylated AF
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
NAT (1 time)
2004 Paclitaxel inhibits N-acetyltransferase activity and gene expression in human stomach tumor cells (SC-M1).
51  acid aqueous fraction
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 Use of iron and bio-oil wastes to produce highly dispersed Fe/C composites for the photo-Fenton reaction.
52  Acquired acral fibrokeratoma
(1 time)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2019 Giant acquired acral fibrokeratoma: A case report.
53  acquisition access feeding
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
TSWV (1 time)
2001 Replication of Tomato spotted wilt virus After Ingestion by Adult Thrips setosus is Restricted to Midgut Epithelial Cells.
54  active ambergris fragment
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 A new electronic-topological investigation of the relationship between chemical structure and ambergris odour.
55  activity-adjustment factor
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HLM (1 time)
IVIVE (1 time)
2017 Strategies for Determining Correct Cytochrome P450 Contributions in Hepatic Clearance Predictions: In Vitro-In Vivo Extrapolation as Modelling Approach and Tramadol as Proof-of Concept Compound.
56  acute AF
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CAF (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2007 Quantitative mRNA analysis of serotonin 5-HT4 receptor isoforms, calcium handling proteins and ion channels in human atrial fibrillation.
57  acute anal fissures
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CAF (1 time)
2014 Injection of a sclerosing agent as first line treatment in anal fissure.
58  acute-onset AF
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
2015 Serum potassium levels inversely correlate with D-dimer in patients with acute-onset atrial fibrillation.
59  adamantane-based aromatic framework
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
GCMC (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2012 GCMC investigation into adamantane-based aromatic frameworks with diamond-like structure as high-capacity hydrogen storage materials.
60  Adaptive Activation Functions
(1 time)
CNN (1 time)
NN (1 time)
SAAF (1 time)
2017 ConvNets with Smooth Adaptive Activation Functions for Regression.
61  adjusted attributable fractions
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
aOR (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2017 Anaemia in hospitalised preschool children from a rural area in Mozambique: a case control study in search for aetiological agents.
62  administered 2-acetylaminofluorene
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1989 In vivo differentiation of rat liver oval cells into hepatocytes.
63  adolescent attributable fraction
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
NCDs (1 time)
2017 Adolescence and Later Life Disease Burden: Quantifying the Contribution of Adolescent Tobacco Initiation From Longitudinal Cohorts.
64  African-American
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
FTI (1 time)
1997 Body composition and age in African-American and Caucasian women: relationship to plasma leptin levels.
65  African-American fathers
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 African-American Fathers' Perspectives on Their Children's Health Education: A Qualitative, Exploratory Study.
66  after feeding 2-acetylaminofluorene
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
PGI (1 time)
PGK (1 time)
1980 Dietary regulation of phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI) and phosphoglycerate kinase activity (PGK) in rat liver after feeding 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF).
67  air abraded with fine
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
FDS (1 time)
GIXRD (1 time)
2019 Effect of Surface Modification on In-Depth Transformations and Flexural Strength of Zirconia Ceramics.
68  Alcoholics Anonymous Facilitation
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AUD (1 time)
NTX (1 time)
2019 Medication-enhanced behavior therapy for alcohol use disorder: Naltrexone, Alcoholics Anonymous Facilitation, and OPRM1 genetic variation.
69  Alcoholics Anonymous Facilitation treatment
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
2015 Alcohol-Adapted Anger Management Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Innovative Therapy for Alcohol Dependence.
70  aldehyde-assisted fractionation
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
--- 2020 Aldehyde-Assisted Lignocellulose Fractionation Provides Unique Lignin Oligomers for the Design of Tunable Polyurethane Bioresins.
71  alfalfa flavonoids
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2018 Effects of dietary alfalfa flavonoids on the performance, meat quality and lipid oxidation of growing rabbits.
72  alkali-activated fly ash
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ff-HEDM (1 time)
muCT (1 time)
2019 Micromechanical Response of Crystalline Phases in Alternate Cementitious Materials using 3-Dimensional X-ray Techniques.
73  allanto-amnionic fluid
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
IBV (1 time)
PLC (1 time)
1984 Observations on the preparation and stability of infectious bronchitis virus hemagglutination antigen from virus propagated in chicken embryos and chicken kidney cell cultures.
74  alpha-naphthylamine, 2-acetylaminofluorene
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
4NQO (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
MMS (1 time)
1977 Induction of unscheduled DNA synthesis by chemical mutagens in testicular cells of the mouse in vitro.
75  Alternative allele frequency
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HM (1 time)
KTCN (1 time)
WES (1 time)
2016 Evidence against ZNF469 being causative for keratoconus in Polish patients.
76  amalgam and fish
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
RfD (1 time)
2008 Hair mercury levels in an urban population from southern Italy: fish consumption as a determinant of exposure.
77  Ambulant Activity Feedback
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CCRF (1 time)
2017 Effectiveness of Two Web-Based Interventions for Chronic Cancer-Related Fatigue Compared to an Active Control Condition: Results of the "Fitter na kanker" Randomized Controlled Trial.
78  amino acetyl fluorene
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AMCA (1 time)
1989 Three-color fluorescence in situ hybridization for the simultaneous detection of multiple nucleic acid sequences.
79  amino acid factors
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IFS (1 time)
PSSM (1 time)
PTM (1 time)
2017 Computational Prediction of Protein Epsilon Lysine Acetylation Sites Based on a Feature Selection Method.
80  amino acid fertilizer
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2019 Ammonia and Ammonium Exposure of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) Growing in an Organically Fertilized Peat Substrate and Strategies to Mitigate Related Harmful Impacts on Plant Growth.
81  amino acid fraction
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
C-CGM (1 time)
1995 True digestibility of amino acids and protein in pigs with 13C as a label to determine endogenous amino acid excretion.
82  amino acid-based elemental feed
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
PDM (1 time)
2005 Improved nutritional recovery on an elemental diet in Zambian children with persistent diarrhoea and malnutrition.
83  amino acid-based infant formula
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
DBPC (1 time)
GER (1 time)
2000 Role of food protein intolerance in infants with persistent distress attributed to reflux esophagitis.
84  amino-acid-frequency
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
AAC (1 time)
CCM (1 time)
2008 Protein structural class prediction based on an improved statistical strategy.
85  Analytical Adverse Findings
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
rhGH (1 time)
WADA (1 time)
2011 Detection of doping with rhGH: excretion study with WADA-approved kits.
86  ancestral African population
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AfA (1 time)
IAF (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2012 Genome-wide detection of natural selection in African Americans pre- and post-admixture.
87  annulated azafluoranthene
(1 time)
Spectrometry, Fluorescence
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
2011 Synthesis and spectroscopic study of several novel annulated azulene and azafluoranthene based derivatives.
88  anoxic attenuation factor
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
OER (1 time)
RBE (1 time)
1987 [Biological action of the radiation from high-activity 252Cf sources].
89  anterior annulus fibrosus
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DKI (1 time)
FA (1 time)
IDD (1 time)
2019 A comparative study of diffusion kurtosis imaging and T2* mapping in quantitative detection of lumbar intervertebral disk degeneration.
90  anterior arch fracture
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2018 Incidence and Risk Factors of Anterior Arch Fracture of the Atlas Following C1 Laminectomy Without Fusion.
91  anterior auditory cortical field
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
1986 Representation of amplitude modulation in the auditory cortex of the cat. I. The anterior auditory field (AAF).
92  anti-aliasing filter
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HFOs (1 time)
2016 Effect of sampling rate and filter settings on High Frequency Oscillation detections.
93  antiferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Four isomorphous phosphates AM3P4O14 (A = Sr, Ba; M = Co, Mn) with antiferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic trimerized chains, showing 1/3 quantum magnetization plateaus only in the manganese(II) system.
94  antifungal active fraction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2019 Anti-Candida albicans effect of the protein-carbohydrate fraction obtained from the coelomic fluid of earthworm Dendrobaena veneta.
95  anxiety about professional future
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2005 Anxiety about professional future among young doctors.
96  aorta adventitial fibroblast
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2018 Pro-fibrotic effect of IL-6 via aortic adventitial fibroblasts indicates IL-6 as a treatment target in Takayasu arteritis.
97  Aorto-left atrial fistula
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2016 Gunshot-Induced Aorto-Left Atrial Fistula Diagnosed by Intraoperative Transesophageal Echocardiography.
98  apparent available fat
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FFA (1 time)
1991 Prediction of the apparent metabolizable energy content of fats fed to broiler chickens.
99  appropriate adult functioning
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Trends in appropriate adult functioning and biasing risks in longitudinal follow-ups of boys with conduct disorders.
100  Arm-A-Flow
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CFLO (1 time)
DAF (1 time)
SM (1 time)
1987 A laboratory evaluation of resistive intravenous flow regulators.