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Abbreviation: AAR
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Long forms: 174

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
area at risk
(249 times)
Cardiology
(135 times)
IS (88 times)
CMR (38 times)
STEMI (35 times)
1987 Failure of superoxide dismutase to limit size of myocardial infarction after 40 minutes of ischemia and 4 days of reperfusion in dogs.
amino acid response
(33 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
ATF4 (5 times)
CARE (4 times)
ASNS (3 times)
2005 Nutritional control of gene expression: how mammalian cells respond to amino acid limitation.
active anterior rhinomanometry
(27 times)
Otolaryngology
(17 times)
AR (7 times)
PAR (5 times)
NAR (4 times)
1985 Histamine threshold and nasal hyperreactivity in non specific allergic rhinopathy.
alanine aminotransferase ratio
(21 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
APRI (12 times)
AST (7 times)
API (4 times)
2007 Noninvasive models to predict liver cirrhosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B.
AST/ALT ratio
(19 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
APRI (11 times)
AST (5 times)
CHB (5 times)
2009 Early detection in routine clinical practice of cirrhosis and oesophageal varices in chronic hepatitis C: comparison of transient elastography (FibroScan) with standard laboratory tests and non-invasive scores.
adaptive autoregressive
(17 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(13 times)
BCI (10 times)
EEG (10 times)
LDA (5 times)
1997 Adaptive autoregressive modeling used for single-trial EEG classification.
aspartic acid racemization
(14 times)
Jurisprudence
(10 times)
AGEs (1 time)
CNBr (1 time)
PMI (1 time)
1999 A review of the methodological aspects of aspartic acid racemization analysis for use in forensic science.
automatic anatomy recognition
(12 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
CT (4 times)
OARs (2 times)
PET/CT (2 times)
2010 Automatic anatomy recognition via multiobject oriented active shape models.
acute allograft rejection
(11 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
HCV (3 times)
ATN (2 times)
AAR-Ib (1 time)
1997 Functional magnetic resonance imaging of human renal allografts during the post-transplant period: preliminary observations.
10  Ask, Advise, Refer
(11 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
TSE (2 times)
AAC (1 time)
AAR and counseling (1 time)
2009 Ask, advise and refer: hypothesis generation to promote a brief tobacco-cessation intervention in community pharmacies.
11  adipose afferent reflex
(10 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
WAT (8 times)
MAP (7 times)
RSNA (7 times)
2012 Sympathetic activation by chemical stimulation of white adipose tissues in rats.
12  alpha-aminoadipate reductase
(10 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
ORF (2 times)
PPTase (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1995 Molecular properties of the lys1+ gene and the regulation of alpha-aminoadipate reductase in Schizosaccharomyces pombe.
13  amino acid racemization
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AAI (2 times)
AD (2 times)
aDNA (1 time)
1994 Age determination based on amino acid racemization: A new possibility.
14  aminotransferase-to-alanine aminotransferase ratio
(10 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
APRI (8 times)
CI (3 times)
FIB-4 (3 times)
2015 Diagnostic Accuracy of APRI, AAR, FIB-4, FI, King, Lok, Forns, and FibroIndex Scores in Predicting the Presence of Esophageal Varices in Liver Cirrhosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
15  anterior active rhinomanometry
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
PNIF (3 times)
VAS (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
2001 The importance of nasal resistance in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a study with positional rhinomanometry.
16  after-action review
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CASEVAC (1 time)
HFC (1 time)
MCIs (1 time)
0 Survey of Casualty Evacuation Missions Conducted by the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment During the Afghanistan Conflict.
17  age-adjusted rates
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CR (2 times)
AAPC (1 time)
ASR (1 time)
1993 Trends in cancers of the upper alimentary and respiratory tracts in women in bombay, India.
18  active avoidance response
(7 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CS (2 times)
EPs (1 time)
HiSt (1 time)
1976 Electrical stimulation of the hippocampus and acquisition of the conditioned avoidance response in shuttle-box in cats.
19  amino acid starvation response
(7 times)
Cell Communication
(1 time)
HF (4 times)
ISR (2 times)
ATG (1 time)
2009 Halofuginone inhibits TH17 cell differentiation by activating the amino acid starvation response.
20  active angle-reproduction
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
TSA (3 times)
CS (2 times)
CTA (1 time)
2006 An investigation into the effect of number of trials during proprioceptive testing in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome.
21  ascending aorta replacement
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AVR (3 times)
ARR (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2009 Improved results of the vacuum assisted closure and Nitinol clips sternal closure after postoperative deep sternal wound infection.
22  AST to ALT ratio
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
APRI (3 times)
AST (3 times)
AUROC (2 times)
2006 Noninvasive tests for the prediction of significant hepatic fibrosis in hepatitis C virus carriers with persistently normal alanine aminotransferases.
23  Acute articular rheumatism
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
AF (1 time)
MtVA (1 time)
1976 [Acute articular rheumatism (AAR) after streptococcal infections (post-streptococcic acute rheumatic disease)].
24  age-adjusted incidence rates
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ASIR (2 times)
CR (1 time)
EAPC (1 time)
1998 A study on pancreatic cancer in Chennai (Madras), India.
25  AA response
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
aa (4 times)
Egr-1 (1 time)
MEK (1 time)
2011 Auto-activation of c-JUN gene by amino acid deprivation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells reveals a novel c-JUN-mediated signaling pathway.
26  Abundance of Antigenic Regions
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
ES (2 times)
2015 Genome analysis of Excretory/Secretory proteins in Taenia solium reveals their Abundance of Antigenic Regions (AAR).
27  accelerated acute rejection
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
C1q-SPA (1 time)
1982 Circulating immune complexes during various forms of renal allograft rejection episodes.
28  acute antibody-mediated rejection
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
PMNs (2 times)
CoVF (1 time)
PMN (1 time)
1977 Role of antiserum and complement in the acute antibody-mediated rejection of mouse skin allografts in strain combinations with increasing histoincompatibility.
29  aortic aneurysm repair
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACS (1 time)
AD (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1997 Disseminated intravascular coagulation associated with acute ischemic hepatitis after elective aortic aneurysm repair: comparative analysis of 10 cases.
30  acyl-ACP reductase
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADO (2 times)
Ols (1 time)
2016 Identification of long chain specific aldehyde reductase and its use in enhanced fatty alcohol production in E. coli.
31  advise, and refer
(3 times)
Education, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2009 Feasibility of tobacco interventions in anesthesiology practices: a pilot study.
32  after action report
(3 times)
Military Medicine
(3 times)
TCCC (2 times)
DoD (1 time)
DoDTR (1 time)
2007 Developing a monitoring and evaluating capability for the U.S. Department of Defense Humanitarian Assistance Program.
33  alpha-adrenergic receptor
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BAR (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
1984 Regulation of alpha 1-adrenergic receptor-coupled calcium flux in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells.
34  Anal acoustic reflectometry
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
FI (2 times)
PNE (1 time)
SNS (1 time)
2010 Anal acoustic reflectometry: a new technique for assessing anal sphincter function.
35  area at risk zones
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LVSP (3 times)
LAD (2 times)
LVEDP (2 times)
2009 Hydrogen-rich saline protects myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats.
36  arousal and reactivity
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NACM (2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
CFT (1 time)
2016 Unique relations between counterfactual thinking and DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters.
37  auto apical reverse
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
ALs (1 time)
EAL (1 time)
WL (1 time)
2012 An in vivo evaluation of the auto apical reverse function of the Root ZX II.
38  L-arginine/ADMA ratio
(3 times)
Oxidative Stress
(1 time)
CR (2 times)
ADMA (1 time)
Cit (1 time)
2010 Effects of maternal L-citrulline supplementation on renal function and blood pressure in offspring exposed to maternal caloric restriction: the impact of nitric oxide pathway.
39  N-acylamino acid racemase
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
pI (1 time)
1995 Cloning, DNA sequencing and heterologous expression of the gene for thermostable N-acylamino acid racemase from Amycolatopsis sp. TS-1-60 in Escherichia coli.
40  O-acetyl-ADP-ribose
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
ChAP (1 time)
2005 Assembly of the SIR complex and its regulation by O-acetyl-ADP-ribose, a product of NAD-dependent histone deacetylation.
41  acetabular angle of retrotorsion
(2 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
FAI and FAA (1 time)
FCI (1 time)
2010 Morphometric assessment of the canine hip joint using the acetabular angle of retrotorsion.
42  acetoacetyl-CoA reductase
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
PHB (2 times)
CS (1 time)
KT (1 time)
1996 Regulatory effects of cellular nicotinamide nucleotides and enzyme activities on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) synthesis in recombinant Escherichia coli.
43  acquired acid resistance
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1991 Reactivity of fluoride dentifrices with artificial caries. III. Quantitative aspects of acquired acid resistance (AAR): F uptake, retention, surface hardening and remineralization.
44  active anterior
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
APR (2 times)
BSSO (1 time)
Rna (1 time)
1992 Evaluation of active anterior and posterior rhinomanometry in normal subjects.
45  active avoidance reaction
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
A1 group (1 time)
A3 group (1 time)
LE (1 time)
1983 Strain differences in avoidance reactions of septal laboratory rats.
46  acute adverse reaction
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
CIN (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
NSF (1 time)
2013 The correlation between gatifloxacin's acute adverse reaction and intravenous drip velocity.
47  adjuvant-induced arthritis rat model
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
RPAR (1 time)
1989 Antiinflammatory activity of a series of substituted 2,3-dihydro-6-hydroxypyrimido[2,1-f]purine-4,8(1H,9H)-diones.
48  Adult Attachment Ratings
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ECR-R (1 time)
IRT (1 time)
2014 Adult Attachment Ratings (AAR): an item response theory analysis.
49  afferent arteriolar resistance
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CIs (1 time)
EAR (1 time)
ERPF (1 time)
1996 Vasoconstriction of the afferent arteriole and defective renal synthesis of nitric oxide in essential hypertension.
50  age-adjusted rate
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
TRC (1 time)
1996 Tobacco-related cancers in Madras, India.
51  alanine transaminase ratio
(2 times)
Liver Diseases
(1 time)
APRI (2 times)
AST (1 time)
CHC (1 time)
2016 High FIB-4 index as an independent risk factor of prevalent chronic kidney disease in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
52  alpha attenuation responses
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 1979 Interaction between intermittent photic stimulation and auditory stimulation on the human EEG. Preliminary investigation through power spectral analysis.
53  anabolic-androgenic ratio
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LDA (1 time)
QSAR (1 time)
2008 Applying pattern recognition methods plus quantum and physico-chemical molecular descriptors to analyze the anabolic activity of structurally diverse steroids.
54  antigen-antibody reaction
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IIO (2 times)
1991 [Modification and visualization of the allergic reaction in isolated and innervated organs].
55  aortic arch repair
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ACP (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
2002 Aortic arch aneurysm complicated with coronary artery disease: still a surgical challenge?
56  arterial ratio per unit area
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
APSC (2 times)
MAN (2 times)
MLI (2 times)
2006 [Relationship between the quantitative structural study of lung and the right ventricle outflow tract reconstruction in infants with tetralogy of Fallot].
57  augmented anastomotic repair
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
CDC (1 time)
OGTs (1 time)
2008 One-stage bulbar urethroplasty: retrospective analysis of the results in 375 patients.
58  automatic attention response
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CM (2 times)
CHI (1 time)
VM (1 time)
2001 Acquisition of skilled visual search performance following severe closed-head injury.
59  autonomous arc reflexes
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
BPDOE-CDL (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
2003 Acute pancreatitis possible initial triggering mechanism and prophylaxis.
60  autopolymerizing acrylic resin
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
VLC (1 time)
2008 The effect of selected variables on the retention of irreversible hydrocolloid impression material.
61  average annual risk
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
AVR (1 time)
inhab (1 time)
2018 Socio-environmental factors and diarrheal diseases in under five-year old children in the state of Tocantins, Brazil.
62  (l-2-amino-4-(2-aminoethoxy)-trans-3-butenoic acid)
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1977 Effect of aminoethoxy analog of rhizobitoxine on ripening of pears.
63  (PAR)--active avoidance
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NBM (1 time)
TTX (1 time)
1993 Differential effect of functional ablation of thalamic reticular nucleus on the acquisition of passive and active avoidance.
64  A. acutiloba radix
(1 time)
Drug Evaluation
(1 time)
ASR (1 time)
2018 Comprehensive quality evaluation and comparison of Angelica sinensis radix and Angelica acutiloba radix by integrated metabolomics and glycomics.
65  AA reduction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2018 The influence of feeding behaviour on growth performance, carcass and meat characteristics of growing pigs.
66  AA replacement
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AoP (1 time)
BAV (1 time)
2014 Toward individualized management of the ascending aorta in bicuspid aortic valve surgery: the role of valve phenotype in 1362 patients.
67  Aarhus Mini-Implant
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
IMT (1 time)
VEC (1 time)
XPS (1 time)
2016 Miniscrews for orthodontic anchorage: nanoscale chemical surface analyses.
68  AARLVRLAAAGAAVT
(1 time)
Parasitic Diseases
(1 time)
AAP (1 time)
2013 Immunogenicity of HLA-DR1 Restricted Peptides Derived from Leishmania major gp63 Using FVB/N-DR1 Transgenic Mouse Model.
69  abdominal aortic reconstruction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
TIAs (1 time)
1993 Advanced carotid disease in patients requiring aortic reconstruction.
70  abdominal aortic reconstructive surgery
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
2001 Age versus comorbidities as risk factors for complications after elective abdominal aortic reconstructive surgery.
71  abdominal aortic repair
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
TE (1 time)
2010 New Surgical Drapes for Observation of the Lower Extremities during Abdominal Aortic Repair.
72  absolute annual reduction
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
SNBR (1 time)
2017 Longitudinal Decline of Striatal Subregional [18F]FP-CIT Uptake in Parkinson's Disease.
73  absolute averaged residuals
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TR (1 time)
2018 Development of thresholds of excess toxicity for environmental species and their application to identification of modes of acute toxic action.
74  absolute risk reduction in 3-year mortality
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
2013 Trends in mortality after first hospitalization with atrial fibrillation diagnosis in Sweden 1987 to 2006.
75  Accelerated Access Review
(1 time)
--- 2016 Galvanising the NHS to Adopt Innovation: The Feasibility and Practicality of Recommendations from the Interim Report of the Accelerated Access Review.
76  acetylacetoin reductase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
2011 Enzymatic diastereo- and enantioselective synthesis of alpha-alkyl-alpha,beta-dihydroxyketones.
77  acquired rubella
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2009 [Clinical and pathological features of adult patients with acquired rubella].
78  acrosome abnormity rate
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
DFI (1 time)
IVF (1 time)
JP (1 time)
2016 [Values of the sperm deformity index, acrosome abnormity rate, and sperm DNA fragmentation index of optimized sperm in predicting IVF fertilization failure].
79  active allergic rhinitis
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2017 [The prevalence and risk factors of allergic rhinitis among the children of the preschool age].
80  Active Angle Repositioning
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PAR (1 time)
RAM (1 time)
RPM (1 time)
2013 Effect of continuing repeated passive and active exercises on knee's position senses in patients with hemiplegia.
81  actual accrual rate
(1 time)
Radiation Oncology
(1 time)
EAR (1 time)
RAEAR (1 time)
TROG (1 time)
2013 Accrual to Trans-Tasman Radiation Oncology Group-sponsored trials 2010-2012.
82  actual area reduction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CTA (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
MRA (1 time)
2012 Accuracy of digital subtraction angiography, computed tomography angiography, and magnetic resonance angiography in grading of carotid artery stenosis in comparison with actual measurement in an in vitro model.
83  Acute aortic regurgitation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HF (1 time)
IE (1 time)
2017 [Acute aortic regurgitation due to infective endocarditis].
84  Adaptive Aggregation Routing
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
QoS (1 time)
WSNs (1 time)
2018 Adaptive Aggregation Routing to Reduce Delay for Multi-Layer Wireless Sensor Networks.
85  adaptive AR
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BCI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
FAR (1 time)
2004 Classification of mental tasks using fixed and adaptive autoregressive models of EEG signals.
86  adaptive autoregressive modeling
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BCI (1 time)
CA (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2005 Improving signal separability and inter-session stability for a brain-computer interface by time-series-prediction-preprocessing.
87  addition, rhinomanometry
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
SRD (1 time)
2019 [Schirmer test for determining the moisture status of the nasal mucosa].
88  additional accepted risk
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
IORT (1 time)
2019 Patient preferences regarding intraoperative versus external beam radiotherapy for early breast cancer and the impact of socio-demographic factors.
89  adenosin arabinoside
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
RD (1 time)
1991 [A meta-analysis of controlled studies of the treatment of chronic hepatitis due to the hepatitis B virus].
90  adequate adrenal responses
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
AI (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
1995 Adrenal insufficiency occurring during septic shock: incidence, outcome, and relationship to peripheral cytokine levels.
91  Adjuvant arthritis
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2011 Chondroitin sulfate effect on induced arthritis in rats.
92  ADMA ratio
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
8-OHdG (1 time)
ADMA (1 time)
ASL (1 time)
2010 Melatonin prevents hypertension and increased asymmetric dimethylarginine in young spontaneous hypertensive rats.
93  Adolescent arthritis or rheumatism
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
OCD (1 time)
2005 What is the impact of adolescent arthritis and rheumatism? Evidence from a national sample of Canadians.
94  Advise, and Refer&rdquo
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
KiSS (1 time)
TSE (1 time)
2018 Kids Safe and Smokefree (KiSS) Multilevel Intervention to Reduce Child Tobacco Smoke Exposure: Long-Term Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial.
95  age of adiposity rebound
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2004 A genome-wide scan for childhood obesity-associated traits in French families shows significant linkage on chromosome 6q22.31-q23.2.
96  Age-adjusted cancer incidence rates
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PIRs (1 time)
2018 Cancer patterns in Hmong in Minnesota, 2000 to 2012.
97  air-to-air refueling
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
PAV (1 time)
2017 Psychophysiological Assessment in Pilots Performing Challenging Simulated and Real Flight Maneuvers.
98  airway-artery ratio
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
WAP (1 time)
WAR (1 time)
2016 Automatic airway-artery analysis on lung CT to quantify airway wall thickening and bronchiectasis.
99  Alanine-aminotransferase
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
NAFLD (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
2015 Fibroscan versus simple noninvasive screening tools in predicting fibrosis in high-risk nonalcoholic fatty liver disease patients from Western India.
100  Albizia adianthifolia roots
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
2016 Cytotoxicity of methanol extracts of 10 Cameroonian medicinal plants towards multi-factorial drug-resistant cancer cell lines.