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Abbreviation: AAs
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Long forms: 128

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
amino acids
(509 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(67 times)
BCAAs (15 times)
EAAs (12 times)
mTORC1 (11 times)
1982 Blood-brain barrier derangement in uremic encephalopathy.
African Americans
(497 times)
Neoplasms
(39 times)
EAs (104 times)
SNPs (43 times)
CAs (29 times)
1996 Kidney disease in the first-degree relatives of African-Americans with hypertensive end-stage renal disease.
aristolochic acids
(67 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
AAI (8 times)
AAII (7 times)
AAN (7 times)
2000 Chinese herb nephropathy in Japan presents adult-onset Fanconi syndrome: could different components of aristolochic acids cause a different type of Chinese herb nephropathy?
anaplastic astrocytomas
(41 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
GBMs (20 times)
GBs (7 times)
AOs (5 times)
1991 Influence of the type of surgery on the histologic diagnosis in patients with anaplastic gliomas.
aromatic amines
(36 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
PAHs (10 times)
4-ABP (5 times)
BC (3 times)
1995 Genetic susceptibility and carcinogen-DNA adduct formation in human urinary bladder carcinogenesis.
Atrial arrhythmias
(17 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
AF (6 times)
CI (6 times)
AFL (5 times)
2000 Thoracic epidural analgesia: its role in postthoracotomy atrial arrhythmias.
atypical antipsychotics
(17 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
MDD (2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
2006 Cognitive effects of atypical antipsychotics in patients with Alzheimer's disease and comorbid psychiatric or behavioral problems: a retrospective study.
aortic aneurysms
(15 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
ACE (2 times)
Ang II (2 times)
ECM (2 times)
2009 Genome screen to detect linkage to common susceptibility genes for intracranial and aortic aneurysms.
advanced adenomas
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CRC (8 times)
FITs (3 times)
ACN (2 times)
2011 Prevalence of any size adenomas and advanced adenomas in 40- to 49-year-old individuals undergoing screening colonoscopy because of a family history of colorectal carcinoma in a first-degree relative.
10  alkylating agents
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
MMS (3 times)
4-HC (1 time)
AFB1 (1 time)
1985 The relationship between reaction kinetics and mutagenic action of monofunctional alkylating agents in higher eukaryotic systems. IV. The effects of the excision-defective mei-9L1 and mus(2)201D1 mutants on alkylation-induced genetic damage in Drosophila.
11  autoantibodies
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
OR (2 times)
AD (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1989 Frequency of autoantibodies in normal children.
12  L-amino acids
(9 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
DAAO (2 times)
aG (1 time)
BGE (1 time)
1993 Activin A: serum levels and immunohistochemical brain localization in rats given diets deficient in L-lysine or protein.
13  afferent arterioles
(8 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
Ang II (3 times)
EAs (2 times)
ET (2 times)
1992 Impaired myogenic responsiveness of renal microvessels in Dahl salt-sensitive rats.
14  Amaryllidaceae alkaloids
(7 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
EF (1 time)
EFs (1 time)
L. aurea (1 time)
2015 Comparative Analysis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids from Three Lycoris Species.
15  antiangiogenic agents
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AEs (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
CTCAE (1 time)
2007 Design of clinical trials of radiation combined with antiangiogenic therapy.
16  adrenal androgens
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
DHEA (2 times)
PCOS (2 times)
RA (2 times)
1998 The effect of 17 beta-estradiol on adrenocortical sensitivity, responsiveness, and steroidogenesis in postmenopausal women.
17  alpha-amino acids
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
Ala (1 time)
ARF (1 time)
Arg (1 time)
1990 Renal epithelial amino acid concentrations in mercury-induced and postischemic acute renal failure.
18  aldosterone antagonists
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ACEIs (1 time)
ARBs (1 time)
BB (1 time)
2010 The effect of aldosterone antagonists for ventricular arrhythmia: a meta-analysis.
19  aminoglycoside antibiotics
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
PVA (2 times)
d-SPE (1 time)
EBA (1 time)
1998 Aminoglycoside ototoxicity and the medial efferent system: II. Comparison of acute effects of different antibiotics.
20  anacardic acids
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
SN (1 time)
2010 Protective effect of anacardic acids from cashew (Anacardium occidentale) on ethanol-induced gastric damage in mice.
21  antioxidant activities
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BDE (1 time)
BHT (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
2010 Comparative antioxidant activities and synergism of resveratrol and oxyresveratrol.
22  Arab-Americans
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CAs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
US (1 time)
2009 The health of Arab-Americans living in the United States: a systematic review of the literature.
23  auxiliary activities
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
CAZymes (4 times)
GHs (3 times)
GTs (2 times)
2016 Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases and other oxidative enzymes are abundantly secreted by Aspergillus nidulans grown on different starches.
24  abdominal aortas
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CORs (1 time)
DM (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2008 Dissection properties of the human aortic media: an experimental study.
25  anti-angiogenic agents
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PFS (2 times)
VDAs (2 times)
VTTs (2 times)
2017 The effect of anti-angiogenic agents on overall survival in metastatic oesophago-gastric cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
26  antiagglomerants
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CP (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2016 Anti-Adhesive Behaviors between Solid Hydrate and Liquid Aqueous Phase Induced by Hydrophobic Silica Nanoparticles.
27  antiandrogens
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PCa (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ADT (1 time)
2017 Removal of novel antiandrogens identified in biological effluents of domestic wastewater by activated carbon.
28  arterial aneurysms
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
AVMs (2 times)
AVM (1 time)
F/U (1 time)
1982 Photocoagulation of cerebral arteriovenous malformations and arterial aneurysms with the neodymium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet or argon laser: preliminary results in twelve patients.
29  associated aneurysms
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AVMs (2 times)
cAVMs (1 time)
2015 Associated aneurysms in supratentorial arteriovenous malformations: impact of aneurysm size on haemorrhage.
30  absolute abundances
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ARGs (2 times)
AD (1 time)
bio-Zn (1 time)
2017 Relationships between sulfachloropyridazine sodium, zinc, and sulfonamide resistance genes during the anaerobic digestion of swine manure.
31  administered activities
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
BED (1 time)
DRLs (1 time)
MTBEDs (1 time)
2011 Establishment of dose reference levels for nuclear medicine in Greece.
32  adrenaline auto-injectors
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Epinephrine auto-injector prescriptions as a reflection of the pattern of anaphylaxis in an Asian population.
33  African American subjects
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
A-HeFT (1 time)
AF (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
2006 Novel polymorphisms in the myosin light chain kinase gene confer risk for acute lung injury.
34  aliphatic amines
(2 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(2 times)
CAs (1 time)
MD (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2016 Lipid bilayer permeation of aliphatic amine and carboxylic acid drugs: rates of insertion, translocation and dissociation from MD simulations.
35  altered areas
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
GGT (2 times)
NNs (2 times)
AAF (1 time)
1986 Peroxisome proliferator-induced hepatocarcinogenesis: histochemical analysis of ciprofibrate-induced preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions for gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity.
36  amino acid residues
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
HUVECs (1 time)
SPs (1 time)
TGase (1 time)
2007 Identification of two GTP-independent alternatively spliced forms of tissue transglutaminase in human leukocytes, vascular smooth muscle, and endothelial cells.
37  Amino Acids
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BCAA (1 time)
CP (1 time)
EAA (1 time)
2009 Scatter search algorithm for protein structure prediction.
38  amphiphilic assemblies
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2012 Reversible assembly and disassembly of micelles by a polymer that switches between hydrophilic and hydrophobic wettings.
39  anesthesiologist assistants
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRNAs (1 time)
2001 Analysis of anesthesia practice and needs in Louisiana.
40  annonaceous acetogenins
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HeLa (1 time)
THF (1 time)
2011 Nematicidal and antifungal activities of annonaceous acetogenins from Annona squamosa against various plant pathogens.
41  antiarrhythmics
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
DA (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2010 Impact of drug alteration to maintain rhythm control in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. - Subanalysis from J-RHYTHM study -.
42  appendiceal adenocarcinomas
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
COX-2 (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
2013 Impact of molecular alterations and targeted therapy in appendiceal adenocarcinomas.
43  aristolochic acid derivates
(2 times)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
ALs (1 time)
2007 Characterization and determination of six aristolochic acids and three aristololactams in medicinal plants and their preparations by high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array detection/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
44  aromatic arsenicals
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MPAA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
DMPAO (1 time)
2009 Uptake of aromatic arsenicals from soil contaminated with diphenylarsinic acid by rice.
45  Arterial allografts
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 1999 Vascular surgical society of great britain and ireland: mid-term results of arterial allograft below-knee bypasses for limb salvage
46  ascending aortas
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
DAs (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
LOX (1 time)
2009 A comparison of mechanical properties of materials used in aortic arch reconstruction.
47  autoanalyzers
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ABG (1 time)
BT (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2011 Comparison of autoanalyzer and back titration for measurement of bicarbonate concentration in endoscopically collected pancreatic fluid.
48  (DNP)-amino acids
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CSP (1 time)
DNP (1 time)
QNS (1 time)
2004 Separation of racemic 2,4-dinitrophenyl amino acids on 9-O-(phenyloxycarbonyl)quinine-bonded carbon-clad zirconia in reversed-phase liquid chromatography.
49  9-aralkyladenines
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
1999 Comparison of metabolic rates of some 9-aralkyladenines obtained using hamster hepatic microsomes.
50  a-/oligomenorrheic athletes
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
EAs (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
2013 Bone geometry according to menstrual function in female endurance athletes.
51  Academic Advisors
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2019 Competency-based medical education implementation: Are we transforming the culture of assessment?
52  Accessory auricles
(1 time)
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
--- 2018 Accessory auricle: Classification according to location, protrusion pattern and body shape.
53  Accompanying adults
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
IM (1 time)
2001 Parental pediatric corticosteroid preferences.
54  Acetabular angles
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 The effects of patient positioning and slice selection on canine acetabular angle assessment with computed tomography.
55  acid analogues
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2013 [Effect of honey-toasting on the constituents and contents of aristolochic acid analogues in aristolochiae fructus].
56  acquired angiograms
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BCs (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2012 Comprehensive validation of computational fluid dynamics simulations of in-vivo blood flow in patient-specific cerebral aneurysms.
57  adenocarcinomas
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
OS (1 time)
2013 A retrospective study of ampullary adenocarcinomas: overall survival and responsiveness to fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy.
58  adenosine analogues
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2014 N6-substituted adenosine analogues, a novel class of JAK2 inhibitors, potently block STAT3 signaling in human cancer cells.
59  adenosine antagonists
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ACEIs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
2017 Strategies Preventing Contrast-Induced Nephropathy After Coronary Angiography: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review of 125 Randomized Controlled Trials.
60  adjuvant analgesics
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
NSAIDs (1 time)
2011 Opioid and adjuvant analgesics: compared and contrasted.
61  adrenal adenomas
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
AMs (1 time)
HU (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2015 The Value of Nonenhanced Single-Source Dual-Energy CT for Differentiating Metastases From Adenoma in Adrenal Glands.
62  Adrenergic agents
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1994 Changes in oxygen consumption relative to oxygen delivery in endotoxemic dogs given adrenergic agents.
63  adrenergic agonists
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BBs (1 time)
CAI-Ss (1 time)
CAI-Ts (1 time)
2018 Trends in the characteristics of vitrectomy in Eastern China.
64  adrenocortical adenomas
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ACCs (1 time)
2017 Next-generation sequencing reveals microRNA markers of adrenocortical tumors malignancy.
65  ADT and oral antiandrogens
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
ADT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HRs (1 time)
2019 Androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer and risk of dementia.
66  adventitious agents
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
GE (1 time)
MPS (1 time)
2015 Use of tangential flow filtration for improving detection of viral adventitious agents in cell substrates.
67  Affective auras
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CPS (1 time)
IAB (1 time)
IAS (1 time)
2010 Ictal affective symptoms in temporal lobe epilepsy are related to gender and age.
68  African-American adults
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
LRS (1 time)
RHFQ (1 time)
2018 Elevated cholesterol among African American adults: the role of fatalistic attitudes about health.
69  Agonistic autoantibodies
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Autoantibodies against angiotensin and adrenergic receptors: more than a biomarker?
70  Aid agencies
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2011 Erosion of trust in humanitarian agencies: what strategies might help?
71  air ambulances
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CRTs (1 time)
GAs (1 time)
LLOs (1 time)
2018 Managing accidental hypothermia: a UK-wide survey of prehospital and search and rescue providers.
72  alcohol abusers
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
NAs (1 time)
NVUGIB (1 time)
2015 Alcohol Abuse Increases Rebleeding Risk and Mortality in Patients with Non-variceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding.
73  aliphatic alcohols
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Aliphatic alcohol contaminants of illegally produced spirits inhibit phagocytosis by human granulocytes.
74  allergic asthma
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HCs (1 time)
ICSs (1 time)
sCD163 (1 time)
2014 The effect of inhaled corticosteroids on the concentration of soluble CD163 in induced sputum of allergic asthma patients.
75  allergic asthmatics
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AMs (1 time)
1988 Phosphoinositide breakdown and superoxide anion release in formyl-peptide-stimulated human alveolar macrophages. Comparison between quiescent and activated cells.
76  allogenic aortas
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2012 Construction of a tube-shaped tracheal substitute using fascial flap-wrapped revascularized allogenic aorta.
77  allylic alcohols
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CPs (1 time)
FC (1 time)
FC1 (1 time)
2015 Oxidative metabolism of ferrocene analogues of tamoxifen: characterization and antiproliferative activities of the metabolites.
78  alpha-Antagonists
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
LUTS (1 time)
TURP (1 time)
2000 Transurethral resection of the prostate: failure patterns and surgical outcomes in patients with symptoms refractory to alpha-antagonists.
79  alternatives assessments
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HESI (1 time)
SETAC (1 time)
2018 Qualitative approach to comparative exposure in alternatives assessment.
80  amenorrheic athletes
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
EAs (1 time)
EAT (1 time)
1996 Nutrient intake and psychological and physiological assessment in eumenorrheic and amenorrheic female athletes: a preliminary study.
81  American ancestry
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FGs (1 time)
NHW (1 time)
2018 Evaluating a Media Strategy to Provide Health Messages to Medically Underserved Populations.
82  Americans
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
DC (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2018 Health literacy, preventive health screening, and medication adherence behaviors of older African Americans at a PCMH.
83  amino acid disorders
(1 time)
ENBS (1 time)
FAODs (1 time)
IMDs (1 time)
2018 Diversity in the incidence and spectrum of organic acidemias, fatty acid oxidation disorders, and amino acid disorders in Asian countries: Selective screening vs. expanded newborn screening.
84  amino acid standard curve
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2013 [Determination of endogenous amino acids in brain tissues after cerebral ischemia by RRLC-QQQ].
85  anabolic agents
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
LOD (1 time)
MRPL (1 time)
SIM (1 time)
2010 Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography improves separation and identification of anabolic agents in doping control.
86  Anesthesia assistants
(1 time)
Patient Care Team
(1 time)
IPC (1 time)
2018 Exploring healthcare professionals' perceptions of the anesthesia assistant role and its impact on patients and interprofessional collaboration.
87  anesthesiologist assistant students
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
apps (1 time)
2018 Moving anesthesiology educational resources to the point of care: experience with a pediatric anesthesia mobile app.
88  Anglo Australians
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
IHD (1 time)
2015 South Asians and Anglo Australians with heart disease in Australia.
89  animal acupoints
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 A proposed transpositional acupoint system in a mouse and rat model.
90  Anthracycline antibiotics
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2018 Redox-Active Quinone Chelators: Properties, Mechanisms of Action, Cell Delivery, and Cell Toxicity.
91  anthracyclines
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
CMCs (1 time)
DM (1 time)
MRA-CN (1 time)
1988 Alpha-actin synthesis changes in cultured cardiac myocytes: relationship to anthracycline structure.
92  antiadhesins
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Growth and adhesion of Pseudomonas fluorescens in a batch culture: a kinetic analysis of the action of extracellular antiadhesins].
93  antianginal agents
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1995 [The clinical pharmacology of antianginal agents].
94  antiarrhythmic agents
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
NCM (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2003 Catheter ablation of chronic atrial fibrillation with noncontact mapping: are continuous linear lesions associated with ablation success?
95  anticoccidial additives
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GIS (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2018 Exposure of Brazilian soil and groundwater to pollution by coccidiostats and antimicrobial agents used as growth promoters.
96  antidot arrays
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
2018 Suppression of magnetoresistance in PtSe2 microflakes with antidot arrays.
97  antifungal agents
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FLU (1 time)
NYS (1 time)
PRO (1 time)
2008 Effects of nystatin, fluconazole and propolis on poly(methyl methacrylate) resin surface.
98  antihyperglycaemic agents
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
T2DM (1 time)
2014 Glycaemic control and implementation of the ADA/EASD-2006 consensus algorithm in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in primary care in Spain.
99  antimicrobial agents
(1 time)
Food Microbiology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
GMIC (1 time)
STEC (1 time)
2012 Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli from various samples by using a spiral gradient endpoint technique.
100  antitumor agents
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DLT (1 time)
SDI (1 time)
1998 The relationship between high-dose treatment and combination chemotherapy: the concept of summation dose intensity.