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Abbreviation: ABR
Appearance Frequency: 3783 time(s)
Long forms: 155

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
auditory brainstem response
(3124 times)
Otolaryngology
(1014 times)
DPOAE (196 times)
OAE (81 times)
TEOAE (71 times)
1979 Auditory brain-stem response audiometry in children.
anaerobic baffled reactor
(126 times)
Environmental Health
(74 times)
COD (33 times)
HRT (25 times)
MBR (8 times)
1991 Performance of the anaerobic baffled reactor under steady-state and shock loading conditions.
antibiotic resistance
(87 times)
Medicine
(18 times)
AB (3 times)
ABS (3 times)
ABU (3 times)
2002 Nosocomial bacteremia caused by antibiotic-resistant gram-negative bacteria in critically ill patients: clinical outcome and length of hospitalization.
annualized bleeding rate
(83 times)
Hematology
(56 times)
FVIII (22 times)
HA (10 times)
rFVIII (10 times)
1987 Studies on the dynamics of transmission of onchocerciasis in a Sudan-savanna area of North Cameroon I. Prevailing Simulium vectors, their biting rates and age-composition at different distances from their breeding sites.
American Board of Radiology
(58 times)
Radiology
(43 times)
MOC (10 times)
ACR (7 times)
ACGME (4 times)
1992 Characteristics and distribution of nuclear medicine physicians.
arterial baroreflex
(30 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
SAD (10 times)
MSNA (9 times)
BRS (7 times)
2001 Arterial baroreflex deficit induced organ damage in sinoaortic denervated rats.
auditory brainstem
(17 times)
Audiology
(8 times)
MLR (4 times)
AEP (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1982 Auditory brain stem and middle latency responses in a patient with cortical deafness.
auditory brainstem evoked potentials
(15 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
CM (2 times)
OAEs (2 times)
AN (1 time)
1980 Slow tremor and delayed brainstem auditory evoked responses in alcoholics.
arthroscopic Bankart repair
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
ARIC (2 times)
PBP (2 times)
AWO (1 time)
2007 Functional outcomes of early arthroscopic bankart repair in adolescents aged 11 to 18 years.
10  antibacterial resistance
(8 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
AGP (1 time)
AMR (1 time)
2012 Identification and antibacterial resistance of bacteria isolated from poultry.
11  abnormally banded region
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
DM (2 times)
DI (1 time)
DMs (1 time)
1985 Oncogene mobility in a human leukemia line HL-60.
12  alternative breakpoint region
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
MBR (4 times)
ABC (1 time)
BCL6 (1 time)
1998 The t(2;3)(q21;q27) translocation in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma displays BCL6 mutations in the 5' regulatory region and chromosomal breakpoints distant from the gene.
13  APC-binding region
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
APC (4 times)
SH3 (4 times)
GEF (3 times)
2001 At least one class I gene in restriction fragment pattern-Y (Rfp-Y), the second MHC gene cluster in the chicken, is transcribed, polymorphic, and shows divergent specialization in antigen binding region.
14  auditory blink reflex
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BR (2 times)
AMIR (1 time)
ASR (1 time)
1999 Prepulse modulation of the startle reaction and the blink reflex in normal human subjects.
15  auditory brainstem recordings
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ARHL (1 time)
DPOAE (1 time)
Gy (1 time)
1988 Correlation between auditory brainstem recordings and morphology as seen through the scanning electron microscope.
16  autologous breast reconstruction
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IBR (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
BR (1 time)
2015 Breast Reconstruction Following Cancer Treatment.
17  actin-binding region
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
FRAP (1 time)
KO (1 time)
MLCK (1 time)
2002 Isolation and functional characterization of the actin binding region in the tight junction protein ZO-1.
18  active BCR-related
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
bcr (2 times)
GAPs (1 time)
P-gp (1 time)
1993 The human active breakpoint cluster region-related gene encodes a brain protein with homology to guanine nucleotide exchange proteins and GTPase-activating proteins.
19  albumin binding reserve
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
EAC (4 times)
EI (2 times)
TAC (2 times)
1998 [The blood serum albumin transport function in patients with acute and chronic leukemias].
20  arterial baroreceptor reflex
(4 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
RSNA (2 times)
SAD (2 times)
ADNA (1 time)
1997 Differential central modulation of the baroreflex by salt loading in normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats.
21  artery-bronchus ratio
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
BLR (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1991 Pulmonary artery-bronchus ratios in patients with normal lungs, pulmonary vascular plethora, and congestive heart failure.
22  abiraterone
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ADT (1 time)
AR (1 time)
CRPC (1 time)
2013 Analysis of abiraterone stress degradation behavior using liquid chromatography coupled to ultraviolet detection and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
23  acute bed rest
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ABRS (3 times)
BR (3 times)
RBR (3 times)
2001 Electrolyte changes in plasma and urine of athletes during acute and rigorous bed rest and ambulatory conditions.
24  acute bronchoconstrictor response
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AHR (2 times)
ID50 (2 times)
ICR (1 time)
1992 Immunologic mast cell-mediated responses and histamine release are attenuated by heparin.
25  adolescent birth rate
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
DHS (1 time)
HDSS (1 time)
MMR (1 time)
2019 Global nurse/midwife workforce and reproductive health through social ecology lens.
26  airlift bioreactor
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CFD (1 time)
epsilon-PL (1 time)
INA (1 time)
2002 Production of epsilon-polylysine in an airlift bioreactor (ABR).
27  alcohol-based hand rubs
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
TSS (2 times)
CFU (1 time)
CHX (1 time)
2017 Effect of Hand Antisepsis Agent Selection and Population Characteristics on Surgical Site Infection Pathogens.
28  Alveolar bone resorption
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
IL (2 times)
LTT (2 times)
Aa (1 time)
2014 Oral administration of all-trans retinoic acid suppresses experimental periodontitis by modulating the Th17/Treg imbalance.
29  anaerobic bioreactor
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CW (1 time)
MFC (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
2013 Combined industrial wastewater treatment in anaerobic bioreactor posttreated in constructed wetland.
30  Apple bitter rot
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
GLS (3 times)
GAPDH (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
2015 New insights into the characterization of Colletotrichum species associated with apple diseases in southern Brazil and Uruguay.
31  aseptic bone resorption
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
DC (2 times)
CP (1 time)
DHC (1 time)
2020 A Comparison between Pediatric and Adult Patients after Cranioplasty: Aseptic Bone Resorption Causes Earlier Revision in Children.
32  acceptance-based responding
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
ARC (1 time)
S/R (1 time)
SRQ (1 time)
2006 Acceptance and relationship context: a model of substance use disorder treatment outcome.
33  acoustic blink reflex
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ASR (1 time)
EOG (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2003 Diagnostic potential of acoustic startle reflex, acoustic blink reflex, and electro-oculography in progressive supranuclear palsy: a prospective study.
34  acoustically evoked brainstem responses
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
EABR (1 time)
ETT (1 time)
OKN (1 time)
1985 Aqueductal stenosis--results of vestibular function tests.
35  acute bacterial rhinosinusitis
(2 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
--- 2000 Diagnosis and treatment of uncomplicated acute bacterial rhinosinusitis: summary of the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research evidence-based report.
36  adolescent behavioral repertoire
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2004 The adolescent behavioral repertoire as a context for drug exposure: behavioral autarcesis at play.
37  Advanced Biomechanical Rehabilitation
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
FHC (1 time)
IAHP (1 time)
2012 Brain damage treated with non proven intensive training 2003-2011: a Norwegian cost analysis.
38  aerobic biofilm reactor
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SVI (1 time)
2009 Characterisation of microbial flocs formed from raw textile wastewater in aerobic biofilm reactor (ABR).
39  air-breathing respiration
(2 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
NKA (2 times)
CAII (1 time)
2016 Different Oxygen Stresses on the Responses of Branchial Morphology and Protein Expression in the Gills and Labyrinth Organ in the Aquatic Air-breathing Fish, Trichogaster microlepis.
40  anaerobic biological reactor
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DSR (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
MFC (1 time)
2011 Correlation of bacterial communities supported by different organic materials with sulfate reduction in metal-rich landfill leachate.
41  analysis of brain recurrence
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2014 Two-group classification of patients with obstructive sleep apnea based on analysis of brain recurrence.
42  arterial blood pressure
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
2005 Elucidating nonlinear baroreflex and respiratory contributions to heart rate variability in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
43  arthroscopic biceps rerouting
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
ASES (1 time)
FF (1 time)
2020 Preliminary Outcomes of Arthroscopic Biceps Rerouting for the Treatment of Large to Massive Rotator Cuff Tears.
44  attrition bioreactor
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
--- 1988 Kinetic analysis of bioconversion of cellulose in attrition bioreactor.
45  auditory brainstem audiometry
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
OHC (1 time)
OME (1 time)
1999 Evaluation of the use of a questionnaire to detect hearing loss in babies in China.
46  auditory brainstem reflex
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ASNHL (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2006 Prediction of auditory brainstem reflex screening referrals in high-risk infants.
47  averages of brainstem
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
ACR (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
1985 The central auditory conduction at term date and three months after birth. I. Composite group averages of brainstem (ABR), middle latency (MLR) and auditory cortical responses (ACR).
48  1-O-(2-aminobenzoyl)-alpha-l-rhamnopyranoside
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
JNK (1 time)
2018 Chemical Characterization of a Renoprotective Metabolite from Termite-Associated Streptomyces sp. RB1 against Cisplatin-Induced Cytotoxicity.
49  1-O-acetyl-2,3,5-tri-O-benzoyl-beta-D-ribofuranose
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 6-Substituted and 5,6-disubstituted derivatives of uridine: stereoselective synthesis, interaction with uridine phosphorylase, and in vitro antitumor activity.
50  5-(p-aminobenzylidene)-rhodanine
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Studies on the synthesis of 5-(p-aminobenzylidene)-rhodanine and its properties.
51  ABA-response protein
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
LEA (1 time)
2016 The LEA protein, ABR, is regulated by ABI5 and involved in dark-induced leaf senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana.
52  aberrant cells
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
SD (1 time)
1994 Replicate flasks are not necessary for in vitro chromosome-aberration assays in CHO cells.
53  Aberystwyth
(1 time)
BLK (1 time)
2018 Assessing seed priming, sowing date, and mulch film to improve the germination and survival of direct-sown Miscanthus sinensis in the United Kingdom.
54  abortion rate
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
FR (1 time)
RER (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2009 Reproductive performance of swine females re-serviced after return to estrus or abortion.
55  abortus Bang ring test
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1967 [Is the abortus Bang ring test (ABR) pH-dependent?].
56  Abraao
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
VDR (1 time)
2019 Distribution of cysts of Strongyluris sp. (Nematoda) in the pallial system of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 from Vila Dois Rios and Vila do Abraao, Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro.
57  abrasion of the inferior medial condyle
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CT/ABR (2 times)
1992 Preliminary observations of chondral abrasion in a canine model.
58  Abrin
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
PARP (1 time)
PHB (1 time)
2012 Involvement of prohibitin upregulation in abrin-triggered apoptosis.
59  abrin toxin
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
ETX (1 time)
ICT (1 time)
2019 Label-free detection of biotoxins via a photo-induced force infrared spectrum at the single-molecular level.
60  ABRUPTUS
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AP1 (1 time)
AP2 (1 time)
BRA (1 time)
1999 [Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. as a model object for studying genetic control of morphogenesis].
61  absolute bed rest
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2013 Comparative study on the period of absolute bed rest of vertebral compression fracture.
62  absolute breakdown rate
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2004 Muscle (pectoralis major) protein turnover in young broiler chickens fed graded levels of lysine and crude protein.
63  Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve
(1 time)
--- 2013 Biochemical constituents of a wild strain of Schizophyllum commune isolated from Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve (ABR), India.
64  Achyranthis bidentatae radix
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AGA (1 time)
P-gp (1 time)
SMW (1 time)
2018 Achyranthis bidentatae radix enhanced articular distribution and anti-inflammatory effect of berberine in Sanmiao Wan using an acute gouty arthritis rat model.
65  acid-biliary gastroesophageal reflux
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
BR (1 time)
1981 Reflux esophagitis and duodenogastric reflux.
66  acoustic brainstem evoked response
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AHL (1 time)
CDH23 (1 time)
DPOAE (1 time)
2012 A mutation in the cdh23 gene causes age-related hearing loss in Cdh23(nmf308/nmf308) mice.
67  acoustic path-way in brain stem responses
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Maturation of the acoustic path-way in brain stem responses (ABR) in neonates.
68  acoustically evoked brainstem potential
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
SPL (1 time)
2000 In vivo experiments in the cat with an implantable piezoelectric hearing aid transducer.
69  actinotrichial blastemic region
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
GAG (1 time)
1991 Tail fin regeneration in teleosts: cell-extracellular matrix interaction in blastemal differentiation.
70  Active Balance Ratio
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
COG (1 time)
2011 Assessment criteria for evaluating the stability and position of the centre of gravity on a balance training platform: a simulation with Matlab.
71  active BCR related protein
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2019 miR-762 activation confers acquired resistance to gefitinib in non-small cell lung cancer.
72  active breakpoint cluster region-related protein
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
horizontal axons (1 time)
RhoA-GEFs (1 time)
2020 Rho Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors Regulate Horizontal Axon Branching of Cortical Upper Layer Neurons.
73  acute rigorous bed rest
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ABRS (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
RBR (1 time)
1998 Changes in thyroid hormones and lipids in endurance trained volunteers during acute and rigorous bed rest conditions.
74  AdaBoost Regressor
(1 time)
GBR (1 time)
MD (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2019 Artificial Intelligence Approach to Find Lead Compounds for Treating Tumors.
75  adaptive boosting regression
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
DBP (1 time)
GBR (1 time)
RFR (1 time)
2019 A Highly Sensitive Pressure-Sensing Array for Blood Pressure Estimation Assisted by Machine-Learning Techniques.
76  adenine nucleotide binding region
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 How does the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier distinguish transportable ATP and ADP from untransportable AMP and GTP?Dynamic modeling of the recognition/translocation process in the major substrate binding region.
77  adenoma bearing regions
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
NABR (1 time)
PRR (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2004 The role of gamma probe activity counts in minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. Preliminary results.
78  adenoma-to-background ratio
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PET (1 time)
PHPT (1 time)
2018 [18F]Fluorocholine Uptake of Parathyroid Adenoma Is Correlated with Parathyroid Hormone Level.
79  adjuvant breast radiotherapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CLD (1 time)
LL (1 time)
MLD (1 time)
2009 Three-dimensional volumetric analysis of irradiated lung with adjuvant breast irradiation.
80  ADL based rehabilitation
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
EBR (1 time)
2006 ADL based scoliosis rehabilitation--the key to an improvement of time-efficiency?
81  adventitious branch roots
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2005 On the occurrence of adventitious branch roots on root axes of trees.
82  after electrical intracochlear stimulation.Method:Auditory brain stem response
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
2016 [Impact of auditory deprivation on rats and plasticity expressionof growth associated protein-43 in auditory cortex].
83  agenda-based regulation
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Agenda-based regulation of study-time allocation: when agendas override item-based monitoring.
84  air bubble retention
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FDCT (1 time)
2019 Intra-aneurysmal air after flow diversion treatment in intracranial aneurysms: incidence, characteristics and clinical significance.
85  alamar blue reducing
(1 time)
Industrial Microbiology
(1 time)
EC100 (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2018 Modeling photocatalytic degradation of diazinon from aqueous solutions and effluent toxicity risk assessment using Escherichia coli LMG 15862.
86  Alar base reduction
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Surgical Tips for the Management of the Wide Nasal Base.
87  alcohol-based rubs
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
CFU (1 time)
CHG (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2016 Surgical Hand Antisepsis and Surgical Site Infections.
88  alemtuzumab, belatacept and rapamycin
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2016 Postdepletion Lymphocyte Reconstitution During Belatacept and Rapamycin Treatment in Kidney Transplant Recipients.
89  algae bioreactor
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MFCs (1 time)
2015 Enhanced performance of an air-cathode microbial fuel cell with oxygen supply from an externally connected algal bioreactor.
90  algal biofilm reactor
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ADS (1 time)
DGW (1 time)
LSW (1 time)
2017 Development and performance evaluation of an algal biofilm reactor for treatment of multiple wastewaters and characterization of biomass for diverse applications.
91  alternative breakpoint cluster region
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DLBCLs (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
FL (1 time)
2005 BCL6 alternative translocation breakpoint cluster region associated with follicular lymphoma grade 3B.
92  alveolar bone ratio
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ABL (1 time)
DPRs (1 time)
2016 Quantitative evaluation of alveolar bone resorption on dental panoramic radiographs by standardized dentition image transformation and probability estimation.
93  alveolar bone regeneration
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
OCs (1 time)
OPG (1 time)
2019 Bone regeneration with bovine bone impairs orthodontic tooth movement despite proper osseous wound healing in a novel mouse model.
94  Alzheimer birth rate
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
SLSJ (1 time)
1992 [Preliminary results on the residence distribution at birth of patients with Alzheimer's disease in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean/Quebec (the IMAGE project)].
95  among the more widely used obligatory brainstem
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
ABRs (1 time)
FFRs (1 time)
2018 Test-Retest Reliability of Dual-Recorded Brainstem versus Cortical Auditory-Evoked Potentials to Speech.
96  anaerobic
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CSTR (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2009 Effects of nitrobenzene concentration and hydraulic retention time on the treatment of nitrobenzene in sequential anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR)/continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR) system.
97  Anand Bhairava Ras
(1 time)
Medicine, Ayurvedic
(1 time)
AVB (1 time)
1990 Arogya vardhii bati and anand bhairava ras, two amoebicidal ayurvedic drugs.
98  ancrod blood reperfusion
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
BR (1 time)
UPR (1 time)
1994 The effect of hypofibrinogenemia and fibrinolysis on skeletal muscle function after ischemia and reperfusion.
99  aneurysm biomechanical ratio
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
2020 Biomechanical Assessment Predicts Aneurysm Related Events in Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.
100  aneurysm to brainstem ratio
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
BCR (1 time)
CND (1 time)
GPCirA (1 time)
2019 Clinical implications and radiographic characteristics of the relation between giant intracranial aneurysms of the posterior circulation and the brainstem.