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Abbreviation: AC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
adenylyl cyclase
(2193 times)
Biochemistry
(359 times)
cAMP (271 times)
PKA (236 times)
PLC (115 times)
1975 The metabolism of cyclic-3'-5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in diseased muscle.
activated carbon
(1670 times)
Environmental Health
(782 times)
SEM (68 times)
XRD (59 times)
ASC (53 times)
1980 The adsorption of bile salts on activated carbon.
alternating current
(1024 times)
Chemistry
(244 times)
DC (321 times)
DEP (36 times)
SEM (23 times)
1975 Spike frequency of the nodal membrane generated by high-frequency alternating current.
adenocarcinoma
(990 times)
Neoplasms
(470 times)
SCC (495 times)
NSCLC (183 times)
OS (96 times)
1977 Adenosquamous carcinoma of the endometrium. An entity with an inherent poor prognosis?
abdominal circumference
(704 times)
Obstetrics
(265 times)
FL (267 times)
HC (254 times)
BPD (251 times)
1980 Assessment of fetal kidney size in normal gestation by comparison of ratio of kidney circumference to abdominal circumference.
anterior chamber
(670 times)
Ophthalmology
(447 times)
IOP (118 times)
ACAID (53 times)
IOL (43 times)
1975 Iris photocoagulation therapy of aphakic pupillary block.
acromioclavicular
(623 times)
Orthopedics
(253 times)
CC (158 times)
VAS (35 times)
ASES (23 times)
1983 Fractured coracoid process in acromioclavicular dislocations. Report of four cases and review of the literature.
attenuation correction
(470 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(212 times)
CT (83 times)
PET (81 times)
SPECT (55 times)
1996 Validation of postinjection transmission measurements for attenuation correction in neurological FDG-PET studies.
auditory cortex
(437 times)
Neurology
(149 times)
IC (93 times)
MGB (41 times)
fMRI (29 times)
1969 Echo-location of bats after ablation of auditory cortex.
10  adjuvant chemotherapy
(412 times)
Neoplasms
(231 times)
OS (182 times)
NAC (75 times)
HR (68 times)
1991 Results and prognostic factors of surgery in the management of non-small cell lung cancer with solitary brain metastasis.
11  acute cholecystitis
(361 times)
General Surgery
(157 times)
LC (102 times)
PC (43 times)
PTGBD (23 times)
1978 Acute cholecystitis treated by early and delayed surgery. A controlled clinical trial.
12  articular cartilage
(339 times)
Orthopedics
(78 times)
OA (101 times)
ECM (20 times)
MSCs (17 times)
1984 Microinjury to the synovial membrane may cause disaggregation of proteoglycans in rabbit knee joint articular cartilage.
13  air conduction
(327 times)
Otolaryngology
(112 times)
BC (157 times)
ABG (72 times)
PTA (29 times)
1977 Long-term results after stapedectomy.
14  anticoagulation
(224 times)
Vascular Diseases
(46 times)
AF (43 times)
PE (24 times)
AP (23 times)
1984 Thromboembolism and cancer: treatment with the Hunter balloon.
15  activated charcoal
(192 times)
Toxicology
(38 times)
NAA (11 times)
BA (9 times)
IBA (9 times)
1977 Effect of activated charcoal on callus growth and shoot organogenesis in tobacco.
16  allergic conjunctivitis
(176 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(52 times)
AR (27 times)
VKC (18 times)
OVA (16 times)
1990 Human conjunctival mast cells: distribution of MCT and MCTC in vernal conjunctivitis and giant papillary conjunctivitis.
17  anterior commissure
(173 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
PC (25 times)
CC (24 times)
TLM (11 times)
1978 Identification of vasopressin in the subfornical organ region: effects of dehydration.
18  atypical carcinoid
(154 times)
Neoplasms
(56 times)
TC (125 times)
LCNEC (75 times)
SCLC (67 times)
1988 Atypical carcinoid of the lung. A distinct clinicopathologic entity.
19  antioxidant capacity
(151 times)
Chemistry
(42 times)
TPC (35 times)
TP (16 times)
ABTS (9 times)
1989 [Changes in anti-oxidative homeostasis in hemodialysis patients].
20  accessory cells
(126 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(97 times)
IL-2 (16 times)
PHA (13 times)
Con A (11 times)
1983 The effects of high-dose UV exposure on murine Langerhans cell function at exposed and unexposed sites as assessed using in vivo and in vitro assays.
21  anticoagulant
(120 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
AP (42 times)
AF (8 times)
CI (7 times)
1980 Anticoagulant vs anti-platelet therapy as prophylactic against cerebral infarction in transient ischemic attacks.
22  actinic cheilitis
(118 times)
Dentistry
(45 times)
SCC (24 times)
LSCC (16 times)
PDT (15 times)
2003 Altered cytokeratin expression in actinic cheilitis.
23  adriamycin and cyclophosphamide
(117 times)
Neoplasms
(81 times)
CINV (36 times)
CR (20 times)
MEC (16 times)
1979 [Current status in the treatment of breast cancer. II. Adjuvant chemotherapy, palliative polychemotherapy, chemoimmunotherapy--rating and results (author's transl)].
24  acylcarnitine
(112 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
FC (37 times)
TC (26 times)
AA (17 times)
1981 The influence of maternal fat metabolism on fetal carnitine levels.
25  Aesthetic Component
(112 times)
Dentistry
(82 times)
IOTN (98 times)
DHC (60 times)
DAI (11 times)
1996 Orthodontic concern among 11-year-old children and their parents compared with orthodontic treatment need assessed by index of orthodontic treatment need.
26  accuracy
(102 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(11 times)
Sp (60 times)
Se (34 times)
NPV (23 times)
1993 Imaging of neuroblastoma in patients identified by mass screening using urinary catecholamine metabolites.
27  attention control
(101 times)
Psychology
(16 times)
MI (7 times)
CI (4 times)
PTSD (4 times)
1984 Effects of exercise on the physical fitness, intelligence, and adaptive behavior of institutionalized mentally retarded adults.
28  adhesive capsulitis
(100 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
ROM (28 times)
VAS (15 times)
SPADI (12 times)
2002 Technetium-99m human immunoglobulin scintigraphy in patients with adhesive capsulitis: a correlative study with bone scintigraphy.
29  acid ceramidase
(99 times)
Biochemistry
(24 times)
S1P (12 times)
ASM (7 times)
MVB (5 times)
1998 Cloning and characterization of the full-length cDNA and genomic sequences encoding murine acid ceramidase.
30  absolute configuration
(98 times)
Chemistry
(70 times)
VCD (37 times)
ECD (28 times)
DFT (19 times)
2001 Determination of absolute configuration using vibrational circular dichroism spectroscopy: the chiral sulfoxide 1-(2-methylnaphthyl) methyl sulfoxide.
31  arachnoid cyst
(92 times)
Neurosurgery
(31 times)
CSF (10 times)
CSDH (7 times)
MRI (7 times)
1989 [Clinical study on intracranial arachnoid cyst: with reference to the middle cranial fossa].
32  arm circumference
(92 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(31 times)
BMI (44 times)
AMC (19 times)
TSF (15 times)
1982 Error in blood-pressure measurement due to incorrect cuff size in obese patients.
33  amylose content
(91 times)
Genetics
(16 times)
GT (16 times)
PC (13 times)
GC (12 times)
1999 The three important traits for cooking and eating quality of rice grains are controlled by a single locus in an elite rice hybrid, Shanyou 63.
34  Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy
(90 times)
Cardiology
(39 times)
LV (11 times)
RV (9 times)
DSG2 (8 times)
2011 Pathophysiology of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy.
35  arterial compliance
(88 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
Ep (18 times)
AI (14 times)
PWV (14 times)
1988 Enhanced brachial artery compliance following perindopril in essential hypertension.
36  alcoholic cirrhosis
(75 times)
Gastroenterology
(21 times)
NAC (11 times)
AH (10 times)
LT (10 times)
1976 Extraction of 125I-albumin microaggregates from portal blood. An index of functional portal blood supply in cirrhotics.
37  acute cholangitis
(74 times)
Gastroenterology
(27 times)
ERCP (16 times)
CI (6 times)
LOS (6 times)
1989 [Diagnostic value of the reflux sign in cholescintigraphy after administration of a gallbladder contracting agent--a comparison with X-ray cholangiography].
38  attenuation coefficient
(69 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
NAFLD (11 times)
ATI (10 times)
BSC (6 times)
1976 An automated flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent glutathione reductase assay for assessing riboflavin nutriture.
39  acetaminophen
(67 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
DA (16 times)
DPV (16 times)
CV (13 times)
1995 Predicting survival in fulminant hepatic failure using serum Gc protein concentrations.
40  acid
(67 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
AN (4 times)
AL (3 times)
CD (3 times)
1980 High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the mycotoxin penicillic acid and its application to biological fluids.
41  anterior cingulate
(67 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
AD (8 times)
FA (8 times)
fMRI (7 times)
1979 Noradrenergic innervation patterns in three regions of medial cortex: an immunofluorescence characterization.
42  amniocentesis
(65 times)
Obstetrics
(32 times)
CVS (39 times)
NT (5 times)
US (5 times)
1989 Incidence of spontaneous abortion after amniocentesis: influence of placental localization and past obstetric and gynecologic history.
43  asymptomatic carriers
(64 times)
Virology
(15 times)
HTLV-1 (17 times)
ARC (14 times)
ATL (10 times)
1989 Beta-interferon and early stage HIV infection.
44  awake craniotomy
(59 times)
Neurosurgery
(32 times)
GA (14 times)
EOR (7 times)
KPS (6 times)
2010 [Efficacy of remifentanil for anesthetic management of awake craniotomy].
45  atherogenic coefficient
(58 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
AIP (39 times)
TG (16 times)
TC (14 times)
1984 [HDL cholesterol lipoprotein levels and the atherogenicity coefficient in males with diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease].
46  aconitine
(57 times)
Pharmacology
(19 times)
MA (27 times)
HA (26 times)
BAC (17 times)
2000 Modification of alpha subunit of RIIA sodium channels by aconitine.
47  acetone
(56 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
ET (5 times)
FTIR (5 times)
MeOH (5 times)
1983 Relationship between the carbon skeleton length of ketonic solvents and potentiation of chloroform-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
48  anchor cell
(54 times)
Embryology
(29 times)
BM (10 times)
VU (9 times)
VPCs (7 times)
1989 Cell autonomy of lin-12 function in a cell fate decision in C. elegans.
49  Ameloblastic carcinoma
(53 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
AM (7 times)
TG (3 times)
AB (2 times)
2004 Expression profiling of ameloblastic carcinoma.
50  aortic constriction
(52 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
LV (20 times)
SH (8 times)
LVH (6 times)
1987 Mechanical catecholamine responsiveness and myosin isoenzyme pattern of pressure-overloaded rat ventricular myocardium.
51  ammonium chloride
(50 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
EG (19 times)
HDSS (5 times)
CQ (3 times)
1982 Changes in renal handling of platinum in cisplatinum-treated rats following induction of metabolic acidosis or alkalosis.
52  augmentation cystoplasty
(47 times)
Urology
(30 times)
OAB (7 times)
VUR (7 times)
NDO (4 times)
2002 Augmentation colocystoplasty in bladder exstrophy.
53  adrenal crisis
(46 times)
Endocrinology
(28 times)
AI (25 times)
CAH (9 times)
PAI (8 times)
2009 Epidemiology of adrenal crisis in chronic adrenal insufficiency: the need for new prevention strategies.
54  aortic calcification
(46 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
CAC (13 times)
BMD (11 times)
CVD (6 times)
1992 The effect of overlying calcification on lumbar bone densitometry.
55  active control
(44 times)
Geriatrics
(7 times)
SMD (6 times)
IC (4 times)
SC (4 times)
2000 Postactivation potentiation in endurance-trained male athletes.
56  air-conducted
(44 times)
Audiology
(18 times)
BC (26 times)
oVEMPs (10 times)
oVEMP (7 times)
1993 Thyroid hormone induces earlier onset of auditory function in neonatal rats.
57  alveolar crest
(44 times)
Dentistry
(39 times)
CEJ (25 times)
BD (19 times)
GTR (7 times)
1985 Quantitative assessment of tooth wear, alveolar-crest height and continuing eruption in a Romano-British population.
58  apoptotic cells
(44 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
NO (3 times)
PPARgamma (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
1991 Occurrence and inhibition by cycloheximide of apoptosis in vinblastine-treated murine pancreas. A role for autophagy?
59  Antrodia camphorata
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
NO (6 times)
iNOS (5 times)
ROS (5 times)
2007 Unique formosan mushroom Antrodia camphorata differentially inhibits androgen-responsive LNCaP and -independent PC-3 prostate cancer cells.
60  Antrodia cinnamomea
(40 times)
Biology
(6 times)
ALDH2 (2 times)
FFA (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
2008 Ethanolic extracts of Antrodia cinnamomea mycelia fermented at varied times and scales have differential effects on hepatoma cells and normal primary hepatocytes.
61  articular chondrocytes
(39 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
ECM (7 times)
MSC (7 times)
OA (6 times)
1973 Interferon responsiveness of rabbit synovial cells and chondrocytes.
62  adherent cells
(38 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(22 times)
NAC (6 times)
PWM (5 times)
PBL (4 times)
1979 Monocyte dependence of pokeweed mitogen-induced differentiation of immunoglobulin-secreting cells from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
63  armchair
(38 times)
Nanotechnology
(17 times)
ZZ (33 times)
BP (7 times)
DFT (7 times)
2012 Edge structural stability and kinetics of graphene chemical vapor deposition growth.
64  aberrant crypts
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
ACF (19 times)
AOM (16 times)
DMH (10 times)
1988 Specificity study to evaluate induction of aberrant crypts in murine colons.
65  anal cancer
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
HPV (8 times)
MSM (7 times)
CRT (6 times)
1995 Rare anal canal cancers in the U.S. veteran: patterns of disease and results of treatment.
66  Autonomous Communities
(37 times)
Public Health
(12 times)
PCI (2 times)
ACs (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1991 [Infective morbidity of replacement therapy in congenital coagulation deficiencies and its effects on demand of coagulation factors].
67  ampullary carcinoma
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
OS (13 times)
PD (5 times)
PDAC (4 times)
2000 Fas-Fas ligand pathway does not actively work in extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma.
68  affinity chromatography
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
HIC (3 times)
IEC (3 times)
IgG (3 times)
1983 Purification of HBsAg produced by the human hepatoma cell line PLC/PRE/5 by affinity chromatography using monoclonal antibodies and application for ELISA diagnostic.
69  anthracycline
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
BC (4 times)
LV (4 times)
LVEF (4 times)
1993 Chemosensitivity testing of human mouth carcinoma cell line.
70  anticholinergic
(33 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ACB (4 times)
ADS (4 times)
ARS (3 times)
1995 Positron emission tomography of reversible intellectual impairment induced by long-term anticholinergic therapy.
71  ascending colon
(33 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
DC (11 times)
GI (4 times)
TC (4 times)
1993 Noninvasive measurement of human ascending colon volume.
72  alcohol consumption
(32 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(9 times)
AUD (4 times)
GWAS (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1988 [Relationship between blood pressure level and different types of alcoholic beverages].
73  aerobic capacity
(31 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
AP (4 times)
BMI (4 times)
HFZ (4 times)
1984 Physiologic and anthropometric factors underlying endurance performance in children.
74  anthocyanins
(31 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
CVD (3 times)
AA (2 times)
ADP (2 times)
2010 Application of artificial neural network (ANN) and partial least-squares regression (PLSR) to predict the changes of anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, Total phenols, flavonoids, and antioxidant activity during storage of red bayberry juice based on fractal analysis and red, green, and blue (RGB) intensity values.
75  aortic coarctation
(30 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
BA (5 times)
CI (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1984 Myocardial beta-receptors in experimental renal and aortic coarctation hypertensive rabbits.
76  acupuncture
(29 times)
Complementary Therapies
(9 times)
QoL (5 times)
EAc (4 times)
IBS (4 times)
1998 The effects of qi-gong and acupuncture on human cerebral evoked potentials and electroencephalogram.
77  Appraisal Committee
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(26 times)
ERG (28 times)
NICE (27 times)
ICER (17 times)
2010 Cetuximab for recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a NICE single technology appraisal.
78  active commuting
(28 times)
Public Health
(17 times)
PA (6 times)
MVPA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2008 Predictors of initiating and maintaining active commuting to work using transport and public health perspectives in Australia.
79  acetylcholine
(27 times)
Therapeutics
(6 times)
NA (3 times)
BA (2 times)
GABA (2 times)
1975 [Comparative study on the action of some substituted benzamides on the isolated ileum of the guinea pig].
80  anaplastic carcinoma
(27 times)
Pathology
(10 times)
FC (15 times)
MC (9 times)
PTC (9 times)
1991 Expression of class I and II human leukocyte antigens by thyrocytes and lymphocytic infiltration on human thyroid tumors. An immunofluorescence study.
81  assembly compartment
(27 times)
Virology
(12 times)
HCMV (16 times)
aa (3 times)
ERC (3 times)
2006 Sequence requirements for localization of human cytomegalovirus tegument protein pp28 to the virus assembly compartment and for assembly of infectious virus.
82  Appropriateness Criteria
(26 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
ACR (6 times)
TTE (4 times)
CT (3 times)
2008 Evaluation of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Society of Nuclear Cardiology appropriateness criteria for SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging.
83  Arterial calcification
(26 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
ESRD (3 times)
PAD (3 times)
ABI (2 times)
1987 Serum magnesium level and arterial calcification in end-stage renal disease.
84  atypical
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
TC (26 times)
LCNEC (3 times)
pc (3 times)
2001 [Expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) and angiogenesis in broncho-pulmonary carcinoids].
85  acceleration capacity
(25 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
DC (25 times)
HRV (9 times)
SDNN (5 times)
2009 [Holter monitoring in healthy children during first days of life].
86  artificial cycle
(25 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(10 times)
FET (17 times)
NC (10 times)
LBR (8 times)
2014 The artificial cycle method improves the pregnancy outcome in frozen-thawed embryo transfer: a retrospective cohort study.
87  acrolein
(24 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
AA (4 times)
CP (3 times)
AN (2 times)
1981 Assessment of the teratogenic potential of acrolein and cyclophosphamide in a rat embryo culture system.
88  actor-critic
(24 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(10 times)
RL (7 times)
NNs (4 times)
ADP (3 times)
2004 A parameter control method in reinforcement learning to rapidly follow unexpected environmental changes.
89  adiabatic connection
(24 times)
Chemistry
(19 times)
DFT (3 times)
ERPA (3 times)
CAS (2 times)
2007 Modeling the adiabatic connection in H2.
90  amygdaloid complex
(24 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
BL (3 times)
AD (2 times)
DZP (2 times)
1976 [Effect of destruction of individual nuclei of the amygdaloid complex on elaboration of avoidance reaction in rats].
91  adaptive copers
(23 times)
Psychophysiology
(8 times)
Dys (11 times)
ID (10 times)
MPI (7 times)
1987 A test of the punctuated-cycling hypothesis in Ambystoma forelimb regenerates: the roles of animal size, limb innervation, and the aneurogenic condition.
92  abdominal compression
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
SBRT (6 times)
LR (4 times)
AP (3 times)
1976 Effect of rib cage or abdomen compression at iso-lung volume on breathing pattern.
93  acrylamide
(22 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
NF (4 times)
i.p (3 times)
AChE (1 time)
1988 Neurofilament antigens in acrylamide neuropathy.
94  active component
(22 times)
Military Medicine
(7 times)
RNG (3 times)
MSKIs (2 times)
NG (2 times)
2002 Dental cost of deploying a National Guard unit to Bosnia.
95  anterior cingulate cortex
(22 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
mPFC (5 times)
MDD (4 times)
BD (3 times)
1990 Topographic organization in the corticocortical connections of medial agranular cortex in rats.
96  anticoagulation clinic
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
DOAC (3 times)
AF (2 times)
ASA (2 times)
1985 Cost-justification of a clinical pharmacist-managed anticoagulation clinic.
97  asbestos cement
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
MM (4 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (2 times)
1983 Engineering and operating approaches for controlling asbestos fibers in drinking water.
98  asphalt concrete
(22 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
SMA (9 times)
OGFC (4 times)
IDT (2 times)
2006 Road pavers' occupational exposure to asphalt containing waste plastic and tall oil pitch.
99  autocorrelation
(22 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
FHR (2 times)
MF (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
1991 Estimation of mean frequency and variance of ultrasonic Doppler signal by using second-order autoregressive model.
100  alveolar cells
(21 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(14 times)
ELF (16 times)
BAL (10 times)
AUC (3 times)
1999 Intrapulmonary concentrations of pyrazinamide.