A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : AC

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : AC
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 6 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: AC
Appearance Frequency: 15335 time(s)
Long forms: 1864

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
adenylyl cyclase
(2068 times)
Biochemistry
(351 times)
cAMP (233 times)
PKA (205 times)
PLC (108 times)
1975 The metabolism of cyclic-3'-5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in diseased muscle.
activated carbon
(1016 times)
Environmental Health
(525 times)
SEM (32 times)
XRD (30 times)
ASC (25 times)
1980 The adsorption of bile salts on activated carbon.
adenocarcinoma
(793 times)
Neoplasms
(383 times)
SCC (397 times)
NSCLC (148 times)
OS (57 times)
1977 Adenosquamous carcinoma of the endometrium. An entity with an inherent poor prognosis?
alternating current
(759 times)
Chemistry
(202 times)
DC (230 times)
DEP (27 times)
SMM (18 times)
1975 Spike frequency of the nodal membrane generated by high-frequency alternating current.
abdominal circumference
(523 times)
Obstetrics
(216 times)
FL (211 times)
BPD (202 times)
HC (192 times)
1980 Assessment of fetal kidney size in normal gestation by comparison of ratio of kidney circumference to abdominal circumference.
anterior chamber
(516 times)
Ophthalmology
(367 times)
IOP (73 times)
ACAID (52 times)
DTH (37 times)
1975 Iris photocoagulation therapy of aphakic pupillary block.
acromioclavicular
(471 times)
Orthopedics
(195 times)
CC (109 times)
VAS (22 times)
MRI (19 times)
1983 Fractured coracoid process in acromioclavicular dislocations. Report of four cases and review of the literature.
attenuation correction
(371 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(179 times)
CT (57 times)
PET (51 times)
SPECT (49 times)
1996 Validation of postinjection transmission measurements for attenuation correction in neurological FDG-PET studies.
auditory cortex
(348 times)
Neurology
(122 times)
IC (79 times)
MGB (35 times)
fMRI (25 times)
1969 Echo-location of bats after ablation of auditory cortex.
10  articular cartilage
(238 times)
Orthopedics
(69 times)
OA (74 times)
NP (14 times)
PG (14 times)
1984 Microinjury to the synovial membrane may cause disaggregation of proteoglycans in rabbit knee joint articular cartilage.
11  acute cholecystitis
(236 times)
General Surgery
(107 times)
LC (67 times)
PC (27 times)
US (18 times)
1978 Acute cholecystitis treated by early and delayed surgery. A controlled clinical trial.
12  air conduction
(228 times)
Otolaryngology
(82 times)
BC (110 times)
ABG (47 times)
PTA (18 times)
1977 Long-term results after stapedectomy.
13  adjuvant chemotherapy
(219 times)
Neoplasms
(123 times)
OS (80 times)
NAC (35 times)
HR (34 times)
1991 Results and prognostic factors of surgery in the management of non-small cell lung cancer with solitary brain metastasis.
14  activated charcoal
(161 times)
Toxicology
(34 times)
NAA (9 times)
BA (7 times)
IBA (7 times)
1977 Effect of activated charcoal on callus growth and shoot organogenesis in tobacco.
15  anterior commissure
(148 times)
Neurology
(42 times)
CC (24 times)
PC (22 times)
DTI (9 times)
1978 Identification of vasopressin in the subfornical organ region: effects of dehydration.
16  accessory cells
(125 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(97 times)
IL-2 (16 times)
PHA (13 times)
Con A (11 times)
1983 The effects of high-dose UV exposure on murine Langerhans cell function at exposed and unexposed sites as assessed using in vivo and in vitro assays.
17  allergic conjunctivitis
(120 times)
Ophthalmology
(40 times)
AR (15 times)
OVA (14 times)
VKC (14 times)
1990 Human conjunctival mast cells: distribution of MCT and MCTC in vernal conjunctivitis and giant papillary conjunctivitis.
18  atypical carcinoid
(120 times)
Neoplasms
(42 times)
TC (97 times)
LCNEC (58 times)
SCLC (54 times)
1988 Atypical carcinoid of the lung. A distinct clinicopathologic entity.
19  anticoagulation
(116 times)
Vascular Diseases
(25 times)
AF (20 times)
AP (12 times)
PE (12 times)
1984 Thromboembolism and cancer: treatment with the Hunter balloon.
20  Aesthetic Component
(101 times)
Dentistry
(75 times)
IOTN (89 times)
DHC (53 times)
DAI (11 times)
1996 Orthodontic concern among 11-year-old children and their parents compared with orthodontic treatment need assessed by index of orthodontic treatment need.
21  antioxidant capacity
(99 times)
Chemistry
(35 times)
TPC (15 times)
TP (9 times)
ORAC (6 times)
1989 [Changes in anti-oxidative homeostasis in hemodialysis patients].
22  adriamycin and cyclophosphamide
(95 times)
Neoplasms
(68 times)
CINV (23 times)
MEC (14 times)
CR (13 times)
1979 [Current status in the treatment of breast cancer. II. Adjuvant chemotherapy, palliative polychemotherapy, chemoimmunotherapy--rating and results (author's transl)].
23  Actinic cheilitis
(92 times)
Dentistry
(36 times)
SCC (19 times)
LSCC (15 times)
PDT (10 times)
2003 Altered cytokeratin expression in actinic cheilitis.
24  acylcarnitine
(92 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
FC (33 times)
TC (23 times)
aa (13 times)
1981 The influence of maternal fat metabolism on fetal carnitine levels.
25  anticoagulant
(84 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
AP (23 times)
AF (6 times)
VTE (5 times)
1980 Anticoagulant vs anti-platelet therapy as prophylactic against cerebral infarction in transient ischemic attacks.
26  absolute configuration
(77 times)
Chemistry
(58 times)
VCD (31 times)
ECD (23 times)
DFT (16 times)
2001 Determination of absolute configuration using vibrational circular dichroism spectroscopy: the chiral sulfoxide 1-(2-methylnaphthyl) methyl sulfoxide.
27  acid ceramidase
(74 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
S1P (12 times)
ASM (6 times)
AML (4 times)
1998 Cloning and characterization of the full-length cDNA and genomic sequences encoding murine acid ceramidase.
28  arterial compliance
(72 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
Ep (14 times)
AI (12 times)
PWV (12 times)
1988 Enhanced brachial artery compliance following perindopril in essential hypertension.
29  attention control
(70 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
MI (6 times)
PTSD (4 times)
PTSS (3 times)
1984 Effects of exercise on the physical fitness, intelligence, and adaptive behavior of institutionalized mentally retarded adults.
30  arm circumference
(68 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(25 times)
BMI (31 times)
AMC (14 times)
TSF (12 times)
1982 Error in blood-pressure measurement due to incorrect cuff size in obese patients.
31  alcoholic cirrhosis
(66 times)
Gastroenterology
(19 times)
NAC (11 times)
ALD (8 times)
AH (7 times)
1976 Extraction of 125I-albumin microaggregates from portal blood. An index of functional portal blood supply in cirrhotics.
32  arachnoid cyst
(65 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
CSF (8 times)
CSDH (6 times)
MRI (5 times)
1989 [Clinical study on intracranial arachnoid cyst: with reference to the middle cranial fossa].
33  anterior cingulate
(62 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
FA (8 times)
fMRI (7 times)
AD (6 times)
1979 Noradrenergic innervation patterns in three regions of medial cortex: an immunofluorescence characterization.
34  amniocentesis
(59 times)
Obstetrics
(31 times)
CVS (36 times)
NT (4 times)
US (4 times)
1989 Incidence of spontaneous abortion after amniocentesis: influence of placental localization and past obstetric and gynecologic history.
35  adhesive capsulitis
(58 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
ROM (11 times)
SPADI (6 times)
VAS (6 times)
2002 Technetium-99m human immunoglobulin scintigraphy in patients with adhesive capsulitis: a correlative study with bone scintigraphy.
36  amylose content
(55 times)
Genetics
(14 times)
GT (11 times)
GC (10 times)
PC (7 times)
1999 The three important traits for cooking and eating quality of rice grains are controlled by a single locus in an elite rice hybrid, Shanyou 63.
37  acetaminophen
(51 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
DA (13 times)
DPV (13 times)
AA (12 times)
1995 Predicting survival in fulminant hepatic failure using serum Gc protein concentrations.
38  asymptomatic carriers
(51 times)
Virology
(12 times)
ARC (14 times)
HTLV-1 (10 times)
ATL (9 times)
1989 Beta-interferon and early stage HIV infection.
39  aortic constriction
(50 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
LV (20 times)
SH (8 times)
LVH (6 times)
1987 Mechanical catecholamine responsiveness and myosin isoenzyme pattern of pressure-overloaded rat ventricular myocardium.
40  Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy
(50 times)
Cardiology
(23 times)
LV (7 times)
PKP2 (6 times)
DSG2 (4 times)
2011 Pathophysiology of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy.
41  acid
(46 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
AN (3 times)
ee (3 times)
ee's (3 times)
1980 High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the mycotoxin penicillic acid and its application to biological fluids.
42  acetone
(45 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
AcAc (4 times)
ET (4 times)
TBA (4 times)
1983 Relationship between the carbon skeleton length of ketonic solvents and potentiation of chloroform-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
43  aconitine
(45 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
MA (24 times)
HA (23 times)
BAC (16 times)
2000 Modification of alpha subunit of RIIA sodium channels by aconitine.
44  anchor cell
(43 times)
Embryology
(25 times)
VU (9 times)
BM (6 times)
VPCs (5 times)
1989 Cell autonomy of lin-12 function in a cell fate decision in C. elegans.
45  alveolar crest
(42 times)
Dentistry
(38 times)
CEJ (24 times)
BD (19 times)
GTR (7 times)
1985 Quantitative assessment of tooth wear, alveolar-crest height and continuing eruption in a Romano-British population.
46  attenuation coefficient
(42 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
BSC (6 times)
FAD (4 times)
GR (4 times)
1976 An automated flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent glutathione reductase assay for assessing riboflavin nutriture.
47  ammonium chloride
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
EG (14 times)
CQ (3 times)
HDSS (3 times)
1982 Changes in renal handling of platinum in cisplatinum-treated rats following induction of metabolic acidosis or alkalosis.
48  aortic calcification
(40 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
CAC (13 times)
BMD (11 times)
ACS (5 times)
1992 The effect of overlying calcification on lumbar bone densitometry.
49  Antrodia camphorata
(38 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
NO (6 times)
iNOS (5 times)
i.p (4 times)
2007 Unique formosan mushroom Antrodia camphorata differentially inhibits androgen-responsive LNCaP and -independent PC-3 prostate cancer cells.
50  apoptotic cells
(38 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
NO (3 times)
PPARgamma (3 times)
DCs (2 times)
1991 Occurrence and inhibition by cycloheximide of apoptosis in vinblastine-treated murine pancreas. A role for autophagy?
51  acute cholangitis
(37 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
ERCP (4 times)
CBD (3 times)
IQR (3 times)
1989 [Diagnostic value of the reflux sign in cholescintigraphy after administration of a gallbladder contracting agent--a comparison with X-ray cholangiography].
52  adherent cells
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(22 times)
NAC (6 times)
PWM (5 times)
PBL (4 times)
1979 Monocyte dependence of pokeweed mitogen-induced differentiation of immunoglobulin-secreting cells from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
53  air-conducted
(37 times)
Audiology
(13 times)
BC (23 times)
oVEMPs (9 times)
oVEMP (6 times)
1993 Thyroid hormone induces earlier onset of auditory function in neonatal rats.
54  Ameloblastic carcinoma
(37 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
AM (4 times)
AB (2 times)
AF (2 times)
2004 Expression profiling of ameloblastic carcinoma.
55  augmentation cystoplasty
(37 times)
Urology
(24 times)
OAB (7 times)
VUR (5 times)
UTI (4 times)
2002 Augmentation colocystoplasty in bladder exstrophy.
56  aberrant crypts
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
ACF (17 times)
AOM (16 times)
DMH (8 times)
1988 Specificity study to evaluate induction of aberrant crypts in murine colons.
57  articular chondrocytes
(32 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
ECM (4 times)
MSC (4 times)
ET-1 (3 times)
1973 Interferon responsiveness of rabbit synovial cells and chondrocytes.
58  active control
(30 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
SC (4 times)
FC (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2000 Postactivation potentiation in endurance-trained male athletes.
59  Antrodia cinnamomea
(29 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
FFA (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
PS (2 times)
2008 Ethanolic extracts of Antrodia cinnamomea mycelia fermented at varied times and scales have differential effects on hepatoma cells and normal primary hepatocytes.
60  aortic coarctation
(29 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
BA (5 times)
CI (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1984 Myocardial beta-receptors in experimental renal and aortic coarctation hypertensive rabbits.
61  affinity chromatography
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
IEC (3 times)
HIC (2 times)
HP (2 times)
1983 Purification of HBsAg produced by the human hepatoma cell line PLC/PRE/5 by affinity chromatography using monoclonal antibodies and application for ELISA diagnostic.
62  awake craniotomy
(28 times)
Neurosurgery
(15 times)
GA (8 times)
AAA (2 times)
KPS (2 times)
2010 [Efficacy of remifentanil for anesthetic management of awake craniotomy].
63  anal cancer
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
HPV (6 times)
CRT (5 times)
HIV (4 times)
1995 Rare anal canal cancers in the U.S. veteran: patterns of disease and results of treatment.
64  Appraisal Committee
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(25 times)
ERG (26 times)
NICE (26 times)
ICER (16 times)
2010 Cetuximab for recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a NICE single technology appraisal.
65  acetylcholine
(26 times)
Therapeutics
(6 times)
NA (3 times)
BA (2 times)
GABA (2 times)
1975 [Comparative study on the action of some substituted benzamides on the isolated ileum of the guinea pig].
66  adrenal crisis
(26 times)
Endocrinology
(19 times)
AI (16 times)
GC (7 times)
CAH (6 times)
2010 Epidemiology of adrenal crisis in chronic adrenal insufficiency: the need for new prevention strategies.
67  acupuncture
(25 times)
Complementary Therapies
(8 times)
QOL (5 times)
EAc (4 times)
EA (3 times)
1998 The effects of qi-gong and acupuncture on human cerebral evoked potentials and electroencephalogram.
68  ascending colon
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
DC (7 times)
GI (4 times)
TC (3 times)
1993 Noninvasive measurement of human ascending colon volume.
69  Autonomous Communities
(25 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
PCI (2 times)
ACs (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1991 [Infective morbidity of replacement therapy in congenital coagulation deficiencies and its effects on demand of coagulation factors].
70  anaerobic capacity
(24 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
BMI (4 times)
HFZ (4 times)
AP (3 times)
1984 Physiologic and anthropometric factors underlying endurance performance in children.
71  anaplastic carcinoma
(24 times)
Pathology
(8 times)
FC (14 times)
FA (8 times)
MC (8 times)
1991 Expression of class I and II human leukocyte antigens by thyrocytes and lymphocytic infiltration on human thyroid tumors. An immunofluorescence study.
72  anthocyanins
(23 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
AA (2 times)
BRB (2 times)
BSO (2 times)
2011 Application of artificial neural network (ANN) and partial least-squares regression (PLSR) to predict the changes of anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, Total phenols, flavonoids, and antioxidant activity during storage of red bayberry juice based on fractal analysis and red, green, and blue (RGB) intensity values.
73  anthracycline
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
LVEF (3 times)
ALL (2 times)
DOX (2 times)
1993 Chemosensitivity testing of human mouth carcinoma cell line.
74  active commuting
(22 times)
Public Health
(14 times)
PA (3 times)
CI (1 time)
EFA (1 time)
2008 Predictors of initiating and maintaining active commuting to work using transport and public health perspectives in Australia.
75  ampullary carcinoma
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
OS (6 times)
PC (3 times)
PD (3 times)
2000 Fas-Fas ligand pathway does not actively work in extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma.
76  anterior canal
(22 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
PC (14 times)
HC (5 times)
BPPV (4 times)
1993 Sensorimotor transformation in the cat's vestibuloocular reflex system. I. Neuronal signals coding spatial coordination of compensatory eye movements.
77  acceleration capacity
(21 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
DC (21 times)
HRV (8 times)
SDNN (5 times)
2009 [Holter monitoring in healthy children during first days of life].
78  acrolein
(21 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
AA (4 times)
CP (3 times)
AN (2 times)
1981 Assessment of the teratogenic potential of acrolein and cyclophosphamide in a rat embryo culture system.
79  alveolar cells
(21 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(14 times)
ELF (16 times)
BAL (10 times)
AUC (3 times)
1999 Intrapulmonary concentrations of pyrazinamide.
80  amygdaloid complex
(21 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
BL (3 times)
AD (2 times)
DZP (2 times)
1976 [Effect of destruction of individual nuclei of the amygdaloid complex on elaboration of avoidance reaction in rats].
81  anterior cingulate cortex
(21 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
mPFC (5 times)
MDD (4 times)
BD (3 times)
1990 Topographic organization in the corticocortical connections of medial agranular cortex in rats.
82  Appropriateness Criteria
(21 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
TTE (4 times)
ACR (3 times)
CDS (2 times)
2008 Evaluation of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Society of Nuclear Cardiology appropriateness criteria for SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging.
83  armchair
(21 times)
Nanotechnology
(11 times)
ZZ (18 times)
BP (3 times)
DFT (3 times)
2012 Edge structural stability and kinetics of graphene chemical vapor deposition growth.
84  atypical
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
TC (21 times)
pc (3 times)
AZ (2 times)
2000 [Expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) and angiogenesis in broncho-pulmonary carcinoids].
85  Afro-Caribbean
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
IA (5 times)
AA (3 times)
AOR (2 times)
1989 The oral health of a group of 15-17 year old British school children of different ethnic origin.
86  anticholinergic
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ACB (2 times)
AD (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
1995 Positron emission tomography of reversible intellectual impairment induced by long-term anticholinergic therapy.
87  Arterial calcification
(18 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
ESRD (3 times)
ABI (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
1987 Serum magnesium level and arterial calcification in end-stage renal disease.
88  atherogenic coefficient
(18 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AIP (12 times)
HDL-C (8 times)
TG (7 times)
1984 [HDL cholesterol lipoprotein levels and the atherogenicity coefficient in males with diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease].
89  abdominal compression
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
SBRT (4 times)
LR (3 times)
AP (2 times)
1976 Effect of rib cage or abdomen compression at iso-lung volume on breathing pattern.
90  acenocoumarol
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
INR (4 times)
AA (2 times)
AM (2 times)
1981 [The effect of sulfinpyrazone on the coagulation-inhibiting action of acenocoumarol].
91  acetylcysteine
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
5-FU (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
1986 Geometric isomers of covalently labeled mitochondrial F1-adenosinetriphosphatase with different properties.
92  active component
(17 times)
Military Medicine
(3 times)
RNG (3 times)
NG (2 times)
RC (2 times)
2002 Dental cost of deploying a National Guard unit to Bosnia.
93  activity
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
BT (4 times)
HR (3 times)
DI (2 times)
1983 Cyclic nucleotides in experimental and human brain tumors.
94  acute care
(17 times)
Geriatrics
(8 times)
AUC (3 times)
LTC (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1999 Epidemiological study of malnutrition in elderly patients in acute, sub-acute and long-term care using the MNA.
95  adaptive copers
(17 times)
Psychophysiology
(7 times)
Dys (10 times)
ID (9 times)
MPI (6 times)
2003 Multidimensional subgroups in migraine: differential treatment outcome to a pain medicine program.
96  Amsterdam criteria
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
HNPCC (8 times)
MSI (8 times)
CRC (6 times)
1997 Disease expression in Swiss hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) kindreds.
97  anticoagulation clinic
(17 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
AF (2 times)
VKA (2 times)
BNP (1 time)
1985 Cost-justification of a clinical pharmacist-managed anticoagulation clinic.
98  arsenocholine
(17 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
AB (17 times)
DMA (14 times)
TMAO (11 times)
1987 Identification and confirmation of arsenobetaine and arsenocholine in fish, lobster and shrimp by a combination of fast atom bombardment and tandem mass spectrometry.
99  atrial contraction
(17 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
RF (5 times)
AF (3 times)
AS (2 times)
1984 [The analysis of left ventricular filling dynamics by radionuclide ventriculography using ECG's R wave and the second heart sound gating techniques].
100  autocorrelation
(17 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
RMS (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
AF (1 time)
1991 Estimation of mean frequency and variance of ultrasonic Doppler signal by using second-order autoregressive model.