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Abbreviation: AC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
adenylyl cyclase
(2023 times)
Biochemistry
(344 times)
cAMP (222 times)
PKA (196 times)
PLC (104 times)
1975 The metabolism of cyclic-3'-5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in diseased muscle.
activated carbon
(863 times)
Environmental Health
(462 times)
SEM (29 times)
XRD (24 times)
ASC (18 times)
1980 The adsorption of bile salts on activated carbon.
adenocarcinoma
(727 times)
Neoplasms
(356 times)
SCC (363 times)
NSCLC (129 times)
ASC (45 times)
1977 Adenosquamous carcinoma of the endometrium. An entity with an inherent poor prognosis?
alternating current
(668 times)
Chemistry
(184 times)
DC (202 times)
DEP (25 times)
SMM (16 times)
1975 Spike frequency of the nodal membrane generated by high-frequency alternating current.
abdominal circumference
(483 times)
Obstetrics
(198 times)
FL (196 times)
BPD (188 times)
HC (180 times)
1980 Assessment of fetal kidney size in normal gestation by comparison of ratio of kidney circumference to abdominal circumference.
anterior chamber
(479 times)
Ophthalmology
(345 times)
IOP (66 times)
ACAID (52 times)
DTH (37 times)
1975 Iris photocoagulation therapy of aphakic pupillary block.
acromioclavicular
(418 times)
Orthopedics
(178 times)
CC (101 times)
VAS (20 times)
MRI (15 times)
1983 Fractured coracoid process in acromioclavicular dislocations. Report of four cases and review of the literature.
attenuation correction
(339 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(170 times)
CT (50 times)
SPECT (46 times)
PET (44 times)
1996 Validation of postinjection transmission measurements for attenuation correction in neurological FDG-PET studies.
auditory cortex
(315 times)
Neurology
(112 times)
IC (72 times)
MGB (34 times)
fMRI (22 times)
1969 Echo-location of bats after ablation of auditory cortex.
10  articular cartilage
(211 times)
Orthopedics
(66 times)
OA (66 times)
NP (14 times)
PG (12 times)
1984 Microinjury to the synovial membrane may cause disaggregation of proteoglycans in rabbit knee joint articular cartilage.
11  acute cholecystitis
(206 times)
General Surgery
(92 times)
LC (61 times)
PC (25 times)
US (16 times)
1978 Acute cholecystitis treated by early and delayed surgery. A controlled clinical trial.
12  adjuvant chemotherapy
(174 times)
Neoplasms
(102 times)
OS (61 times)
NAC (25 times)
HR (23 times)
1991 Results and prognostic factors of surgery in the management of non-small cell lung cancer with solitary brain metastasis.
13  activated charcoal
(150 times)
Toxicology
(34 times)
NAA (9 times)
BA (7 times)
IBA (7 times)
1977 Effect of activated charcoal on callus growth and shoot organogenesis in tobacco.
14  anterior commissure
(140 times)
Neurology
(42 times)
CC (22 times)
PC (22 times)
DTI (8 times)
1978 Identification of vasopressin in the subfornical organ region: effects of dehydration.
15  air conduction
(134 times)
Otolaryngology
(71 times)
BC (97 times)
ABG (39 times)
PTA (16 times)
1977 Long-term results after stapedectomy.
16  accessory cells
(125 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(97 times)
IL-2 (16 times)
PHA (13 times)
Con A (11 times)
1983 The effects of high-dose UV exposure on murine Langerhans cell function at exposed and unexposed sites as assessed using in vivo and in vitro assays.
17  allergic conjunctivitis
(113 times)
Ophthalmology
(38 times)
VKC (14 times)
AR (13 times)
OVA (13 times)
1990 Human conjunctival mast cells: distribution of MCT and MCTC in vernal conjunctivitis and giant papillary conjunctivitis.
18  atypical carcinoid
(109 times)
Neoplasms
(35 times)
TC (88 times)
LCNEC (53 times)
SCLC (50 times)
1988 Atypical carcinoid of the lung. A distinct clinicopathologic entity.
19  anticoagulation
(99 times)
Vascular Diseases
(23 times)
AF (16 times)
VTE (10 times)
AP (9 times)
1984 Thromboembolism and cancer: treatment with the Hunter balloon.
20  Aesthetic Component
(94 times)
Dentistry
(72 times)
IOTN (83 times)
DHC (48 times)
DAI (9 times)
1996 Orthodontic concern among 11-year-old children and their parents compared with orthodontic treatment need assessed by index of orthodontic treatment need.
21  adriamycin and cyclophosphamide
(88 times)
Neoplasms
(64 times)
CINV (20 times)
MEC (13 times)
CR (11 times)
1979 [Current status in the treatment of breast cancer. II. Adjuvant chemotherapy, palliative polychemotherapy, chemoimmunotherapy--rating and results (author's transl)].
22  antioxidant capacity
(88 times)
Chemistry
(32 times)
TPC (11 times)
TP (8 times)
ORAC (6 times)
1989 [Changes in anti-oxidative homeostasis in hemodialysis patients].
23  acylcarnitine
(87 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
FC (33 times)
TC (23 times)
aa (13 times)
1981 The influence of maternal fat metabolism on fetal carnitine levels.
24  actinic cheilitis
(85 times)
Dentistry
(32 times)
SCC (18 times)
LSCC (14 times)
PDT (10 times)
2003 Altered cytokeratin expression in actinic cheilitis.
25  anticoagulant
(80 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
AP (21 times)
AF (6 times)
TIA (4 times)
1980 Anticoagulant vs anti-platelet therapy as prophylactic against cerebral infarction in transient ischemic attacks.
26  arterial compliance
(68 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
Ep (14 times)
AI (12 times)
PWV (10 times)
1988 Enhanced brachial artery compliance following perindopril in essential hypertension.
27  acid ceramidase
(67 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
S1P (10 times)
ASM (5 times)
NOE (4 times)
1998 Cloning and characterization of the full-length cDNA and genomic sequences encoding murine acid ceramidase.
28  absolute configuration
(66 times)
Chemistry
(51 times)
VCD (29 times)
ECD (20 times)
DFT (15 times)
2001 Determination of absolute configuration using vibrational circular dichroism spectroscopy: the chiral sulfoxide 1-(2-methylnaphthyl) methyl sulfoxide.
29  arm circumference
(65 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(22 times)
BMI (29 times)
AMC (13 times)
BP (11 times)
1982 Error in blood-pressure measurement due to incorrect cuff size in obese patients.
30  air conditioning
(61 times)
Environmental Health
(37 times)
PM (4 times)
AER (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1978 Fungi in libraries: an aerometric survey.
31  alveolar crest
(60 times)
Dentistry
(35 times)
CEJ (23 times)
BD (18 times)
ELF (16 times)
1985 Quantitative assessment of tooth wear, alveolar-crest height and continuing eruption in a Romano-British population.
32  alcoholic cirrhosis
(59 times)
Gastroenterology
(16 times)
NAC (11 times)
AH (6 times)
HCV (6 times)
1976 Extraction of 125I-albumin microaggregates from portal blood. An index of functional portal blood supply in cirrhotics.
33  anterior cingulate
(58 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
FA (7 times)
fMRI (7 times)
mPFC (6 times)
1979 Noradrenergic innervation patterns in three regions of medial cortex: an immunofluorescence characterization.
34  arachnoid cyst
(57 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
CSF (7 times)
CSDH (5 times)
MRI (4 times)
1989 [Clinical study on intracranial arachnoid cyst: with reference to the middle cranial fossa].
35  attention control
(56 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
MI (5 times)
PTSD (4 times)
PTSS (3 times)
1984 Effects of exercise on the physical fitness, intelligence, and adaptive behavior of institutionalized mentally retarded adults.
36  amniocentesis
(55 times)
Obstetrics
(30 times)
CVS (34 times)
NT (4 times)
US (4 times)
1989 Incidence of spontaneous abortion after amniocentesis: influence of placental localization and past obstetric and gynecologic history.
37  adhesive capsulitis
(51 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
ROM (11 times)
SPADI (6 times)
VAS (6 times)
2002 Technetium-99m human immunoglobulin scintigraphy in patients with adhesive capsulitis: a correlative study with bone scintigraphy.
38  aortic constriction
(50 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
LV (20 times)
SH (8 times)
LVH (6 times)
1987 Mechanical catecholamine responsiveness and myosin isoenzyme pattern of pressure-overloaded rat ventricular myocardium.
39  asymptomatic carriers
(49 times)
Virology
(12 times)
ARC (14 times)
HTLV-1 (9 times)
HIV (8 times)
1989 Beta-interferon and early stage HIV infection.
40  amylose content
(46 times)
Genetics
(14 times)
GC (9 times)
GT (9 times)
PC (7 times)
1999 The three important traits for cooking and eating quality of rice grains are controlled by a single locus in an elite rice hybrid, Shanyou 63.
41  acetaminophen
(43 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DPV (11 times)
AA (10 times)
CV (10 times)
1995 Predicting survival in fulminant hepatic failure using serum Gc protein concentrations.
42  acetone
(43 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
AcAc (4 times)
ET (4 times)
TBA (4 times)
1983 Relationship between the carbon skeleton length of ketonic solvents and potentiation of chloroform-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
43  anchor cell
(42 times)
Embryology
(24 times)
VU (9 times)
BM (5 times)
VPCs (5 times)
1989 Cell autonomy of lin-12 function in a cell fate decision in C. elegans.
44  Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy
(42 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
LV (6 times)
PKP2 (6 times)
DSG2 (4 times)
2011 Pathophysiology of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy.
45  acid
(41 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
AN (3 times)
ee (3 times)
ee's (3 times)
1980 High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the mycotoxin penicillic acid and its application to biological fluids.
46  ammonium chloride
(39 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
EG (13 times)
CQ (3 times)
HDSS (3 times)
1982 Changes in renal handling of platinum in cisplatinum-treated rats following induction of metabolic acidosis or alkalosis.
47  aortic calcification
(38 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
CAC (13 times)
BMD (11 times)
ACS (5 times)
1992 The effect of overlying calcification on lumbar bone densitometry.
48  aconitine
(37 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
HA (20 times)
MA (20 times)
BAC (13 times)
2000 Modification of alpha subunit of RIIA sodium channels by aconitine.
49  apoptotic cells
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
NO (3 times)
DCs (2 times)
IL (2 times)
1991 Occurrence and inhibition by cycloheximide of apoptosis in vinblastine-treated murine pancreas. A role for autophagy?
50  air-conducted
(36 times)
Audiology
(13 times)
BC (23 times)
oVEMPs (8 times)
oVEMP (6 times)
1993 Thyroid hormone induces earlier onset of auditory function in neonatal rats.
51  Antrodia camphorata
(36 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
NO (6 times)
iNOS (5 times)
i.p (4 times)
2007 Unique formosan mushroom Antrodia camphorata differentially inhibits androgen-responsive LNCaP and -independent PC-3 prostate cancer cells.
52  aberrant crypts
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
ACF (17 times)
AOM (16 times)
DMH (8 times)
1988 Specificity study to evaluate induction of aberrant crypts in murine colons.
53  activity coefficient
(35 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
FAD (4 times)
GR (4 times)
BSC (3 times)
1976 An automated flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent glutathione reductase assay for assessing riboflavin nutriture.
54  adherent cells
(35 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(22 times)
NAC (5 times)
PWM (5 times)
PBL (4 times)
1979 Monocyte dependence of pokeweed mitogen-induced differentiation of immunoglobulin-secreting cells from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
55  augmentation cystoplasty
(32 times)
Urology
(20 times)
OAB (7 times)
UTI (4 times)
VUR (4 times)
2002 Augmentation colocystoplasty in bladder exstrophy.
56  acute cholangitis
(31 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
ERCP (4 times)
CBD (3 times)
IQR (3 times)
1989 [Diagnostic value of the reflux sign in cholescintigraphy after administration of a gallbladder contracting agent--a comparison with X-ray cholangiography].
57  Ameloblastic carcinoma
(31 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
alpha-SMA (2 times)
AM (2 times)
MOTs (2 times)
2004 Expression profiling of ameloblastic carcinoma.
58  articular chondrocytes
(31 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
ECM (4 times)
MSC (4 times)
ET-1 (3 times)
1973 Interferon responsiveness of rabbit synovial cells and chondrocytes.
59  aortic coarctation
(29 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
BA (5 times)
CI (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1984 Myocardial beta-receptors in experimental renal and aortic coarctation hypertensive rabbits.
60  active control
(28 times)
Geriatrics
(5 times)
FC (3 times)
SC (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2000 Postactivation potentiation in endurance-trained male athletes.
61  acetylcholine
(26 times)
Therapeutics
(6 times)
NA (3 times)
BA (2 times)
GABA (2 times)
1975 [Comparative study on the action of some substituted benzamides on the isolated ileum of the guinea pig].
62  affinity chromatography
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
IEC (3 times)
HIC (2 times)
HP (2 times)
1983 Purification of HBsAg produced by the human hepatoma cell line PLC/PRE/5 by affinity chromatography using monoclonal antibodies and application for ELISA diagnostic.
63  awake craniotomy
(25 times)
Neurosurgery
(14 times)
GA (7 times)
AAA (2 times)
KPS (2 times)
2010 [Efficacy of remifentanil for anesthetic management of awake craniotomy].
64  Appraisal Committee
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(24 times)
ERG (23 times)
NICE (23 times)
STA (14 times)
2010 Cetuximab for recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a NICE single technology appraisal.
65  ascending colon
(24 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
DC (7 times)
GI (4 times)
TC (3 times)
1993 Noninvasive measurement of human ascending colon volume.
66  acupuncture
(23 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
QOL (5 times)
EAc (4 times)
EA (3 times)
1998 The effects of qi-gong and acupuncture on human cerebral evoked potentials and electroencephalogram.
67  anal cancer
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
HPV (6 times)
CRT (4 times)
HIV (4 times)
1995 Rare anal canal cancers in the U.S. veteran: patterns of disease and results of treatment.
68  anaplastic carcinoma
(23 times)
Pathology
(8 times)
FC (13 times)
FA (8 times)
PC (8 times)
1991 Expression of class I and II human leukocyte antigens by thyrocytes and lymphocytic infiltration on human thyroid tumors. An immunofluorescence study.
69  active commuting
(22 times)
Public Health
(14 times)
PA (3 times)
CI (1 time)
EFA (1 time)
2008 Predictors of initiating and maintaining active commuting to work using transport and public health perspectives in Australia.
70  Antrodia cinnamomea
(21 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
FFA (2 times)
PS (2 times)
AC hmwPSs (1 time)
2008 Ethanolic extracts of Antrodia cinnamomea mycelia fermented at varied times and scales have differential effects on hepatoma cells and normal primary hepatocytes.
71  Autonomous Communities
(21 times)
Public Health
(7 times)
PCI (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
1991 [Infective morbidity of replacement therapy in congenital coagulation deficiencies and its effects on demand of coagulation factors].
72  acceleration capacity
(20 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
DC (20 times)
HRV (8 times)
SDNN (5 times)
2009 [Holter monitoring in healthy children during first days of life].
73  amygdaloid complex
(20 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
BL (3 times)
AD (2 times)
DZP (2 times)
1976 [Effect of destruction of individual nuclei of the amygdaloid complex on elaboration of avoidance reaction in rats].
74  anterior cingulate cortex
(20 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
mPFC (5 times)
IL (3 times)
MDD (3 times)
1990 Topographic organization in the corticocortical connections of medial agranular cortex in rats.
75  acrolein
(19 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
AA (4 times)
CP (3 times)
HNE (2 times)
1981 Assessment of the teratogenic potential of acrolein and cyclophosphamide in a rat embryo culture system.
76  anterior canal
(19 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
PC (12 times)
HC (5 times)
PL (3 times)
1993 Sensorimotor transformation in the cat's vestibuloocular reflex system. I. Neuronal signals coding spatial coordination of compensatory eye movements.
77  anthracycline
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
LVEF (3 times)
DOX (2 times)
TUNEL (2 times)
1993 Chemosensitivity testing of human mouth carcinoma cell line.
78  appropriateness criteria
(19 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
TTE (4 times)
ACR (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2008 Evaluation of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Society of Nuclear Cardiology appropriateness criteria for SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging.
79  aerobic capacity
(18 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
HFZ (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
LT (3 times)
1984 Physiologic and anthropometric factors underlying endurance performance in children.
80  ampullary carcinoma
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
OS (4 times)
PC (3 times)
PD (3 times)
2000 Fas-Fas ligand pathway does not actively work in extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma.
81  anticholinergic
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ACB (2 times)
AD (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
1995 Positron emission tomography of reversible intellectual impairment induced by long-term anticholinergic therapy.
82  atypical
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
TC (18 times)
pc (3 times)
LCNEC (2 times)
2000 [Expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) and angiogenesis in broncho-pulmonary carcinoids].
83  acenocoumarol
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
INR (4 times)
AA (2 times)
AM (2 times)
1981 [The effect of sulfinpyrazone on the coagulation-inhibiting action of acenocoumarol].
84  acetylcysteine
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
5-FU (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
1986 Geometric isomers of covalently labeled mitochondrial F1-adenosinetriphosphatase with different properties.
85  adrenal crisis
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(15 times)
AI (11 times)
GC (5 times)
CAH (4 times)
2010 Epidemiology of adrenal crisis in chronic adrenal insufficiency: the need for new prevention strategies.
86  Amsterdam criteria
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
HNPCC (8 times)
MSI (8 times)
CRC (6 times)
1997 Disease expression in Swiss hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) kindreds.
87  armchair
(17 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
ZZ (15 times)
BP (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
2012 Edge structural stability and kinetics of graphene chemical vapor deposition growth.
88  arsenocholine
(17 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
AB (17 times)
DMA (14 times)
TMAO (11 times)
1987 Identification and confirmation of arsenobetaine and arsenocholine in fish, lobster and shrimp by a combination of fast atom bombardment and tandem mass spectrometry.
89  axillary clearance
(17 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
SNB (8 times)
SN (3 times)
BCT (2 times)
2002 Women's choice between sentinel lymph node biopsy and axillary clearance.
90  activity
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
BT (4 times)
HR (3 times)
DI (2 times)
1983 Cyclic nucleotides in experimental and human brain tumors.
91  Afro-Caribbean
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
IA (5 times)
AA (2 times)
WC (2 times)
1989 The oral health of a group of 15-17 year old British school children of different ethnic origin.
92  anthocyanins
(16 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
BRB (2 times)
NMBA (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2011 Application of artificial neural network (ANN) and partial least-squares regression (PLSR) to predict the changes of anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, Total phenols, flavonoids, and antioxidant activity during storage of red bayberry juice based on fractal analysis and red, green, and blue (RGB) intensity values.
93  anticoagulation clinic
(16 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
AF (2 times)
VKA (2 times)
BNP (1 time)
1985 Cost-justification of a clinical pharmacist-managed anticoagulation clinic.
94  assembly compartment
(16 times)
Virology
(11 times)
HCMV (12 times)
aa (3 times)
mTORC1 (2 times)
2006 Sequence requirements for localization of human cytomegalovirus tegument protein pp28 to the virus assembly compartment and for assembly of infectious virus.
95  atrial contraction
(16 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
RF (4 times)
AF (3 times)
AS (2 times)
1984 [The analysis of left ventricular filling dynamics by radionuclide ventriculography using ECG's R wave and the second heart sound gating techniques].
96  abdominal compression
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
SBRT (3 times)
AP (2 times)
LR (2 times)
1976 Effect of rib cage or abdomen compression at iso-lung volume on breathing pattern.
97  active component
(15 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
RNG (3 times)
NG (2 times)
RC (2 times)
2002 Dental cost of deploying a National Guard unit to Bosnia.
98  Acute Care
(15 times)
Geriatrics
(8 times)
AUC (3 times)
LTC (3 times)
DI (2 times)
1999 Epidemiological study of malnutrition in elderly patients in acute, sub-acute and long-term care using the MNA.
99  adenylate cyclase activity
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
act (2 times)
A1R (1 time)
AO (1 time)
1975 [Adenylate cyclase/Lipase. Hormone receptor induction].
100  aortocaval
(15 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
ANF (3 times)
LV (2 times)
PAN (2 times)
1982 Effects of acute incremental volume overload on cardiac chamber size, function, and the pulmonary circulation: analysis by digital intravenous angiography.