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Abbreviation: AC
Appearance Frequency: 16045 time(s)
Long forms: 1934

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
adenylyl cyclase
(2089 times)
Biochemistry
(353 times)
cAMP (237 times)
PKA (208 times)
PLC (109 times)
1975 The metabolism of cyclic-3'-5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in diseased muscle.
activated carbon
(1107 times)
Environmental Health
(563 times)
SEM (36 times)
XRD (31 times)
ASC (29 times)
1980 The adsorption of bile salts on activated carbon.
adenocarcinoma
(819 times)
Neoplasms
(399 times)
SCC (406 times)
NSCLC (150 times)
OS (64 times)
1977 Adenosquamous carcinoma of the endometrium. An entity with an inherent poor prognosis?
alternating current
(792 times)
Chemistry
(207 times)
DC (239 times)
DEP (28 times)
SMM (18 times)
1975 Spike frequency of the nodal membrane generated by high-frequency alternating current.
abdominal circumference
(544 times)
Obstetrics
(223 times)
FL (217 times)
BPD (207 times)
HC (200 times)
1980 Assessment of fetal kidney size in normal gestation by comparison of ratio of kidney circumference to abdominal circumference.
anterior chamber
(541 times)
Ophthalmology
(385 times)
IOP (79 times)
ACAID (53 times)
DTH (37 times)
1975 Iris photocoagulation therapy of aphakic pupillary block.
acromioclavicular
(490 times)
Orthopedics
(202 times)
CC (117 times)
VAS (23 times)
MRI (19 times)
1983 Fractured coracoid process in acromioclavicular dislocations. Report of four cases and review of the literature.
attenuation correction
(383 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(184 times)
CT (60 times)
PET (56 times)
SPECT (49 times)
1996 Validation of postinjection transmission measurements for attenuation correction in neurological FDG-PET studies.
auditory cortex
(362 times)
Neurology
(127 times)
IC (84 times)
MGB (38 times)
fMRI (27 times)
1969 Echo-location of bats after ablation of auditory cortex.
10  acute cholecystitis
(255 times)
General Surgery
(115 times)
LC (72 times)
PC (33 times)
US (18 times)
1978 Acute cholecystitis treated by early and delayed surgery. A controlled clinical trial.
11  articular cartilage
(250 times)
Orthopedics
(71 times)
OA (79 times)
NP (14 times)
PG (14 times)
1984 Microinjury to the synovial membrane may cause disaggregation of proteoglycans in rabbit knee joint articular cartilage.
12  air conduction
(243 times)
Otolaryngology
(89 times)
BC (117 times)
ABG (50 times)
PTA (20 times)
1977 Long-term results after stapedectomy.
13  adjuvant chemotherapy
(242 times)
Neoplasms
(135 times)
OS (92 times)
HR (41 times)
NAC (41 times)
1991 Results and prognostic factors of surgery in the management of non-small cell lung cancer with solitary brain metastasis.
14  activated charcoal
(165 times)
Toxicology
(34 times)
NAA (10 times)
BA (7 times)
IBA (7 times)
1977 Effect of activated charcoal on callus growth and shoot organogenesis in tobacco.
15  anterior commissure
(157 times)
Neurology
(44 times)
PC (25 times)
CC (24 times)
DTI (9 times)
1978 Identification of vasopressin in the subfornical organ region: effects of dehydration.
16  allergic conjunctivitis
(127 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(41 times)
AR (16 times)
VKC (15 times)
OVA (14 times)
1990 Human conjunctival mast cells: distribution of MCT and MCTC in vernal conjunctivitis and giant papillary conjunctivitis.
17  accessory cells
(125 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(97 times)
IL-2 (16 times)
PHA (13 times)
Con A (11 times)
1983 The effects of high-dose UV exposure on murine Langerhans cell function at exposed and unexposed sites as assessed using in vivo and in vitro assays.
18  anticoagulation
(122 times)
Vascular Diseases
(25 times)
AF (22 times)
AP (12 times)
PE (12 times)
1984 Thromboembolism and cancer: treatment with the Hunter balloon.
19  atypical carcinoid
(122 times)
Neoplasms
(42 times)
TC (99 times)
LCNEC (59 times)
SCLC (55 times)
1988 Atypical carcinoid of the lung. A distinct clinicopathologic entity.
20  antioxidant capacity
(104 times)
Chemistry
(36 times)
TPC (17 times)
TP (9 times)
FRAP (6 times)
1989 [Changes in anti-oxidative homeostasis in hemodialysis patients].
21  Aesthetic Component
(102 times)
Dentistry
(76 times)
IOTN (90 times)
DHC (54 times)
DAI (11 times)
1996 Orthodontic concern among 11-year-old children and their parents compared with orthodontic treatment need assessed by index of orthodontic treatment need.
22  Actinic cheilitis
(101 times)
Dentistry
(38 times)
SCC (20 times)
LSCC (16 times)
PDT (12 times)
2003 Altered cytokeratin expression in actinic cheilitis.
23  adriamycin and cyclophosphamide
(101 times)
Neoplasms
(71 times)
CINV (26 times)
CR (14 times)
MEC (14 times)
1979 [Current status in the treatment of breast cancer. II. Adjuvant chemotherapy, palliative polychemotherapy, chemoimmunotherapy--rating and results (author's transl)].
24  acylcarnitine
(98 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
FC (34 times)
TC (23 times)
aa (16 times)
1981 The influence of maternal fat metabolism on fetal carnitine levels.
25  anticoagulant
(90 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
AP (26 times)
AF (6 times)
VTE (5 times)
1980 Anticoagulant vs anti-platelet therapy as prophylactic against cerebral infarction in transient ischemic attacks.
26  absolute configuration
(82 times)
Chemistry
(60 times)
VCD (34 times)
ECD (24 times)
DFT (16 times)
2001 Determination of absolute configuration using vibrational circular dichroism spectroscopy: the chiral sulfoxide 1-(2-methylnaphthyl) methyl sulfoxide.
27  acid ceramidase
(80 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
S1P (12 times)
ASM (6 times)
NOE (5 times)
1998 Cloning and characterization of the full-length cDNA and genomic sequences encoding murine acid ceramidase.
28  attention control
(76 times)
Psychology
(13 times)
MI (6 times)
PTSD (4 times)
PTSS (3 times)
1984 Effects of exercise on the physical fitness, intelligence, and adaptive behavior of institutionalized mentally retarded adults.
29  arm circumference
(73 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(26 times)
BMI (34 times)
AMC (16 times)
TSF (13 times)
1982 Error in blood-pressure measurement due to incorrect cuff size in obese patients.
30  arterial compliance
(72 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
Ep (14 times)
AI (12 times)
PWV (12 times)
1988 Enhanced brachial artery compliance following perindopril in essential hypertension.
31  alcoholic cirrhosis
(71 times)
Gastroenterology
(23 times)
AH (12 times)
NAC (11 times)
ALD (9 times)
1976 Extraction of 125I-albumin microaggregates from portal blood. An index of functional portal blood supply in cirrhotics.
32  adhesive capsulitis
(68 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
ROM (15 times)
SPADI (8 times)
VAS (7 times)
2002 Technetium-99m human immunoglobulin scintigraphy in patients with adhesive capsulitis: a correlative study with bone scintigraphy.
33  arachnoid cyst
(67 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
CSF (8 times)
CSDH (6 times)
MRI (5 times)
1989 [Clinical study on intracranial arachnoid cyst: with reference to the middle cranial fossa].
34  anterior cingulate
(63 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
FA (8 times)
fMRI (7 times)
WM (7 times)
1979 Noradrenergic innervation patterns in three regions of medial cortex: an immunofluorescence characterization.
35  Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy
(61 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
LV (7 times)
PKP2 (6 times)
DSG2 (5 times)
2011 Pathophysiology of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy.
36  amniocentesis
(60 times)
Obstetrics
(31 times)
CVS (36 times)
NT (5 times)
US (4 times)
1989 Incidence of spontaneous abortion after amniocentesis: influence of placental localization and past obstetric and gynecologic history.
37  amylose content
(59 times)
Genetics
(14 times)
GT (12 times)
GC (11 times)
PC (7 times)
1999 The three important traits for cooking and eating quality of rice grains are controlled by a single locus in an elite rice hybrid, Shanyou 63.
38  acetaminophen
(54 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
DA (13 times)
DPV (13 times)
AA (12 times)
1995 Predicting survival in fulminant hepatic failure using serum Gc protein concentrations.
39  asymptomatic carriers
(51 times)
Virology
(12 times)
ARC (14 times)
HTLV-1 (10 times)
ATL (9 times)
1989 Beta-interferon and early stage HIV infection.
40  aortic constriction
(50 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
LV (20 times)
SH (8 times)
LVH (6 times)
1987 Mechanical catecholamine responsiveness and myosin isoenzyme pattern of pressure-overloaded rat ventricular myocardium.
41  aconitine
(49 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
HA (25 times)
MA (25 times)
BAC (16 times)
2000 Modification of alpha subunit of RIIA sodium channels by aconitine.
42  acid
(48 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
AN (3 times)
ee (3 times)
ee's (3 times)
1980 High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the mycotoxin penicillic acid and its application to biological fluids.
43  acetone
(47 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
AcAc (4 times)
ET (4 times)
TBA (4 times)
1983 Relationship between the carbon skeleton length of ketonic solvents and potentiation of chloroform-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
44  anchor cell
(45 times)
Embryology
(26 times)
VU (9 times)
BM (6 times)
VPCs (6 times)
1989 Cell autonomy of lin-12 function in a cell fate decision in C. elegans.
45  attenuation coefficient
(44 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
BSC (6 times)
FAD (4 times)
GR (4 times)
1976 An automated flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent glutathione reductase assay for assessing riboflavin nutriture.
46  alveolar crest
(43 times)
Dentistry
(38 times)
CEJ (25 times)
BD (19 times)
GTR (7 times)
1985 Quantitative assessment of tooth wear, alveolar-crest height and continuing eruption in a Romano-British population.
47  ammonium chloride
(41 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
EG (15 times)
CQ (3 times)
HDSS (3 times)
1982 Changes in renal handling of platinum in cisplatinum-treated rats following induction of metabolic acidosis or alkalosis.
48  aortic calcification
(40 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
CAC (13 times)
BMD (11 times)
ACS (5 times)
1992 The effect of overlying calcification on lumbar bone densitometry.
49  acute cholangitis
(39 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
ERCP (4 times)
CBD (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1989 [Diagnostic value of the reflux sign in cholescintigraphy after administration of a gallbladder contracting agent--a comparison with X-ray cholangiography].
50  apoptotic cells
(39 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
NO (3 times)
PPARgamma (3 times)
DCs (2 times)
1991 Occurrence and inhibition by cycloheximide of apoptosis in vinblastine-treated murine pancreas. A role for autophagy?
51  Ameloblastic carcinoma
(38 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
AM (5 times)
AB (2 times)
AF (2 times)
2004 Expression profiling of ameloblastic carcinoma.
52  Antrodia camphorata
(38 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
NO (6 times)
iNOS (5 times)
i.p (4 times)
2007 Unique formosan mushroom Antrodia camphorata differentially inhibits androgen-responsive LNCaP and -independent PC-3 prostate cancer cells.
53  augmentation cystoplasty
(38 times)
Urology
(25 times)
OAB (7 times)
VUR (5 times)
UTI (4 times)
2002 Augmentation colocystoplasty in bladder exstrophy.
54  adherent cells
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(22 times)
NAC (6 times)
PWM (5 times)
PBL (4 times)
1979 Monocyte dependence of pokeweed mitogen-induced differentiation of immunoglobulin-secreting cells from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
55  air-conducted
(37 times)
Audiology
(13 times)
BC (23 times)
oVEMPs (9 times)
oVEMP (6 times)
1993 Thyroid hormone induces earlier onset of auditory function in neonatal rats.
56  aberrant crypts
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
ACF (18 times)
AOM (16 times)
DMH (9 times)
1988 Specificity study to evaluate induction of aberrant crypts in murine colons.
57  awake craniotomy
(33 times)
Neurosurgery
(19 times)
GA (9 times)
EOR (3 times)
MAC (3 times)
2010 [Efficacy of remifentanil for anesthetic management of awake craniotomy].
58  active control
(32 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
SC (4 times)
FC (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2000 Postactivation potentiation in endurance-trained male athletes.
59  anterior canal
(32 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PC (16 times)
HC (8 times)
BPPV (4 times)
1979 Effects of focal vs generalized kindled convulsions from anterior neocortex or amygdala on CER acquisition in rats.
60  articular chondrocytes
(32 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
ECM (4 times)
MSC (4 times)
ET-1 (3 times)
1973 Interferon responsiveness of rabbit synovial cells and chondrocytes.
61  Antrodia cinnamomea
(31 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
FFA (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
PS (2 times)
2008 Ethanolic extracts of Antrodia cinnamomea mycelia fermented at varied times and scales have differential effects on hepatoma cells and normal primary hepatocytes.
62  adrenal crisis
(30 times)
Endocrinology
(22 times)
AI (18 times)
CAH (7 times)
GC (7 times)
2010 Epidemiology of adrenal crisis in chronic adrenal insufficiency: the need for new prevention strategies.
63  affinity chromatography
(29 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
IEC (3 times)
HIC (2 times)
HP (2 times)
1983 Purification of HBsAg produced by the human hepatoma cell line PLC/PRE/5 by affinity chromatography using monoclonal antibodies and application for ELISA diagnostic.
64  anal cancer
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
CRT (6 times)
HPV (6 times)
CTV (4 times)
1995 Rare anal canal cancers in the U.S. veteran: patterns of disease and results of treatment.
65  aortic coarctation
(29 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
BA (5 times)
CI (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1984 Myocardial beta-receptors in experimental renal and aortic coarctation hypertensive rabbits.
66  Appraisal Committee
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(26 times)
ERG (28 times)
NICE (27 times)
ICER (17 times)
2010 Cetuximab for recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a NICE single technology appraisal.
67  Autonomous Communities
(28 times)
Public Health
(9 times)
PCI (2 times)
ACs (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1991 [Infective morbidity of replacement therapy in congenital coagulation deficiencies and its effects on demand of coagulation factors].
68  acetylcholine
(26 times)
Therapeutics
(6 times)
NA (3 times)
BA (2 times)
GABA (2 times)
1975 [Comparative study on the action of some substituted benzamides on the isolated ileum of the guinea pig].
69  acupuncture
(26 times)
Complementary Therapies
(8 times)
QOL (5 times)
EAc (4 times)
EA (3 times)
1998 The effects of qi-gong and acupuncture on human cerebral evoked potentials and electroencephalogram.
70  anaerobic capacity
(26 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
BMI (4 times)
HFZ (4 times)
AP (3 times)
1984 Physiologic and anthropometric factors underlying endurance performance in children.
71  anaplastic carcinoma
(25 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
FC (14 times)
FA (8 times)
MC (8 times)
1991 Expression of class I and II human leukocyte antigens by thyrocytes and lymphocytic infiltration on human thyroid tumors. An immunofluorescence study.
72  ascending colon
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
DC (7 times)
GI (4 times)
TC (3 times)
1993 Noninvasive measurement of human ascending colon volume.
73  acceleration capacity
(23 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
DC (23 times)
HRV (8 times)
SDNN (5 times)
2009 [Holter monitoring in healthy children during first days of life].
74  active commuting
(23 times)
Public Health
(15 times)
PA (4 times)
MVPA (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2008 Predictors of initiating and maintaining active commuting to work using transport and public health perspectives in Australia.
75  ampullary carcinoma
(23 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
OS (6 times)
DC (3 times)
PC (3 times)
2000 Fas-Fas ligand pathway does not actively work in extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma.
76  anthocyanins
(23 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
AA (2 times)
BRB (2 times)
BSO (2 times)
2011 Application of artificial neural network (ANN) and partial least-squares regression (PLSR) to predict the changes of anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, Total phenols, flavonoids, and antioxidant activity during storage of red bayberry juice based on fractal analysis and red, green, and blue (RGB) intensity values.
77  anthracycline
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
LVEF (3 times)
ALL (2 times)
DOX (2 times)
1993 Chemosensitivity testing of human mouth carcinoma cell line.
78  atypical
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
TC (23 times)
pc (3 times)
AZ (2 times)
2000 [Expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) and angiogenesis in broncho-pulmonary carcinoids].
79  acrolein
(22 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
AA (4 times)
CP (3 times)
AN (2 times)
1981 Assessment of the teratogenic potential of acrolein and cyclophosphamide in a rat embryo culture system.
80  active component
(21 times)
Military Medicine
(6 times)
RNG (3 times)
MSKIs (2 times)
NG (2 times)
2002 Dental cost of deploying a National Guard unit to Bosnia.
81  alveolar cells
(21 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(14 times)
ELF (16 times)
BAL (10 times)
AUC (3 times)
1999 Intrapulmonary concentrations of pyrazinamide.
82  amygdaloid complex
(21 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
BL (3 times)
AD (2 times)
DZP (2 times)
1976 [Effect of destruction of individual nuclei of the amygdaloid complex on elaboration of avoidance reaction in rats].
83  anterior cingulate cortex
(21 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
mPFC (5 times)
MDD (4 times)
BD (3 times)
1990 Topographic organization in the corticocortical connections of medial agranular cortex in rats.
84  Appropriateness Criteria
(21 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
TTE (4 times)
ACR (3 times)
CDS (2 times)
2008 Evaluation of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Society of Nuclear Cardiology appropriateness criteria for SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging.
85  armchair
(21 times)
Nanotechnology
(11 times)
ZZ (18 times)
BP (3 times)
DFT (3 times)
2012 Edge structural stability and kinetics of graphene chemical vapor deposition growth.
86  atherogenic coefficient
(21 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AIP (14 times)
HDL-C (8 times)
TG (8 times)
1984 [HDL cholesterol lipoprotein levels and the atherogenicity coefficient in males with diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease].
87  Arterial calcification
(20 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
ESRD (3 times)
ABI (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
1987 Serum magnesium level and arterial calcification in end-stage renal disease.
88  anticholinergic
(19 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ACB (3 times)
AD (2 times)
ADS (2 times)
1995 Positron emission tomography of reversible intellectual impairment induced by long-term anticholinergic therapy.
89  abdominal compression
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
SBRT (4 times)
LR (3 times)
AP (2 times)
1976 Effect of rib cage or abdomen compression at iso-lung volume on breathing pattern.
90  acute care
(18 times)
Geriatrics
(8 times)
AUC (3 times)
LTC (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1999 Epidemiological study of malnutrition in elderly patients in acute, sub-acute and long-term care using the MNA.
91  Afro-Caribbean
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
IA (5 times)
AA (3 times)
AOR (2 times)
1989 The oral health of a group of 15-17 year old British school children of different ethnic origin.
92  arsenocholine
(18 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
AB (18 times)
DMA (15 times)
TMAO (12 times)
1987 Identification and confirmation of arsenobetaine and arsenocholine in fish, lobster and shrimp by a combination of fast atom bombardment and tandem mass spectrometry.
93  acenocoumarol
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
INR (4 times)
AA (2 times)
AM (2 times)
1981 [The effect of sulfinpyrazone on the coagulation-inhibiting action of acenocoumarol].
94  acetylcysteine
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
5-FU (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
1986 Geometric isomers of covalently labeled mitochondrial F1-adenosinetriphosphatase with different properties.
95  activity
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
BT (4 times)
HR (3 times)
DI (2 times)
1983 Cyclic nucleotides in experimental and human brain tumors.
96  adaptive copers
(17 times)
Psychophysiology
(7 times)
Dys (10 times)
ID (9 times)
MPI (6 times)
2003 Multidimensional subgroups in migraine: differential treatment outcome to a pain medicine program.
97  adiabatic connection
(17 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
DFT (3 times)
CAS (2 times)
ERPA (2 times)
2007 Modeling the adiabatic connection in H2.
98  alcohol consumption
(17 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
AD (2 times)
AP (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
1988 [Relationship between blood pressure level and different types of alcoholic beverages].
99  Amsterdam criteria
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
HNPCC (8 times)
MSI (8 times)
CRC (6 times)
1997 Disease expression in Swiss hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) kindreds.
100  anticoagulation clinic
(17 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
AF (2 times)
VKA (2 times)
BNP (1 time)
1985 Cost-justification of a clinical pharmacist-managed anticoagulation clinic.