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Abbreviation: ACD
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Long forms: 305

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
anterior chamber depth
(975 times)
Ophthalmology
(745 times)
AL (293 times)
CCT (188 times)
IOL (147 times)
1975 Anterior chamber depth and primary angle-closure glaucoma. II. A genetic study.
allergic contact dermatitis
(762 times)
Dermatology
(416 times)
AD (52 times)
ICD (48 times)
DNFB (35 times)
1976 Allergic contact dermatitis to low molecular weight allergens in the chicken.
anemia of chronic disease
(256 times)
Hematology
(68 times)
IDA (81 times)
RA (40 times)
sTfR (33 times)
1983 The anemia of chronic disease.
acid-citrate-dextrose
(124 times)
Hematology
(24 times)
EDTA (17 times)
CPD (16 times)
DPG (7 times)
1960 The use of stored acid-citrate-dextrose (ACD) blood for clinical extracorporeal circulation.
active compression-decompression
(65 times)
Emergency Medicine
(42 times)
CPR (45 times)
ITD (13 times)
ROSC (12 times)
1992 Active compression-decompression. A new method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Working Group.
absolute claudication distance
(62 times)
Vascular Diseases
(48 times)
ICD (34 times)
PAD (17 times)
ABI (14 times)
1987 Treatment of claudication with pentoxifylline: are benefits related to improvement in viscosity?
asymmetric cell division
(61 times)
Cell Biology
(17 times)
SCD (3 times)
VSELs (3 times)
aPKC (2 times)
2004 Asymmetric localization of LGN but not AGS3, two homologs of Drosophila pins, in dividing human neural progenitor cells.
actinomycin D
(54 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
MTX (11 times)
VCR (11 times)
ADM (7 times)
1969 Temporal order in mammalian cells. I. The periodic synthesis of lactate dehydrogenase in the cell cycle.
anterior cervical discectomy
(51 times)
Neurosurgery
(31 times)
ACDF (14 times)
VAS (8 times)
CDH (3 times)
1991 Clinical long-term results of anterior discectomy without interbody fusion for cervical disc disease.
10  autophagic cell death
(34 times)
Cell Biology
(14 times)
HCN (7 times)
PCD (6 times)
ER (4 times)
2008 ApoL1, a BH3-only lipid-binding protein, induces autophagic cell death.
11  acetaldehyde
(33 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(11 times)
EtOH (16 times)
DA (7 times)
VTA (5 times)
2002 The reinforcing effects of acetaldehyde in the posterior ventral tegmental area of alcohol-preferring rats.
12  alpha-crystallin domain
(29 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
sHsps (21 times)
SAXS (3 times)
sHSP (3 times)
2003 Tomato heat stress protein Hsp16.1-CIII represents a member of a new class of nucleocytoplasmic small heat stress proteins in plants.
13  alveolar capillary dysplasia
(28 times)
Pediatrics
(12 times)
PPHN (6 times)
ECMO (4 times)
Foxf1 (2 times)
1997 Inhaled nitric oxide enhances oxygenation but not survival in infants with alveolar capillary dysplasia.
14  active case detection
(27 times)
Tropical Medicine
(16 times)
PCD (9 times)
VL (9 times)
IRS (5 times)
1998 Current status of malaria infection in a southeastern province of Lao PDR.
15  Avellino corneal dystrophy
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
GCD (5 times)
TGFBI (5 times)
LCDI (4 times)
2000 The spectrum of beta ig-h3 gene mutations in Japanese patients with corneal dystrophy.
16  Available Chemicals Directory
(23 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
MDDR (9 times)
HTS (2 times)
TCMCD (2 times)
1999 Ligand solvation in molecular docking.
17  actin cross-linking domain
(17 times)
Science
(5 times)
RID (2 times)
ABH (1 time)
ABM (1 time)
2004 Identification of a domain within the multifunctional Vibrio cholerae RTX toxin that covalently cross-links actin.
18  Adventitial cystic disease
(17 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
CT (1 time)
GC (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2002 Adventitial cystic disease of the axillary artery.
19  all-cause death
(17 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
MI (5 times)
CAD (4 times)
CD (4 times)
2004 Diminishing proportional risk of sudden death with advancing age: implications for prevention of sudden death.
20  Acquired cystic disease
(16 times)
Pathology
(11 times)
RCC (12 times)
ESRD (3 times)
HD (2 times)
1984 Renal pathology in end-stage renal disease associated with paraplegia.
21  acute colonic diverticulitis
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
US (5 times)
CT (4 times)
MRI (2 times)
1997 Prospective evaluation of ultrasonography in acute colonic diverticulitis.
22  Anesthetic Conserving Device
(14 times)
Anesthesiology
(9 times)
ICU (5 times)
ACD-condition (1 time)
FGF (1 time)
2003 The anesthetic conserving device compared with conventional circle system used under different flow conditions for inhaled anesthesia.
23  annular closure device
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ODI (5 times)
RCT (5 times)
VAS (4 times)
2013 Protecting facet joints post-lumbar discectomy: Barricaid annular closure device reduces risk of facet degeneration.
24  acute Chagas disease
(13 times)
Tropical Medicine
(8 times)
CTAB (1 time)
DTUs (1 time)
ICANS (1 time)
1993 [Intracardial autonomous nervous system in a fatal case of acute Chagas disease].
25  acyl-CoA dehydrogenase
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
IVD (3 times)
3SP-CoA (2 times)
DTDP (2 times)
1986 Fatty acyl-CoA dehydrogenase enzymes in human skeletal muscle.
26  advance care directives
(12 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
ACP (7 times)
LTC (2 times)
SDM (2 times)
2000 Advance care planning in residential care.
27  adult coeliac disease
(11 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
DH (2 times)
GSE (1 time)
PHA (1 time)
1973 Cellular infiltrate of jejunal biopsies in adult coeliac disease (ACD) in relation to gluten withdrawal.
28  Anal canal duplication
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
ARM (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2001 Anal canal duplication in infants and children--a series of 6 cases.
29  adaptive critic design
(9 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(7 times)
NN (2 times)
ADHDP (1 time)
ANNs (1 time)
2003 Implementation of adaptive critic-based neurocontrollers for turbogenerators in a multimachine power system.
30  atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
(9 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
LDL (2 times)
AIP (1 time)
1982 Rapid method for determining cholesteryl ester transitions of apoB-containing lipoproteins.
31  adult cervical deformity
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
cSVA (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
DVT (1 time)
2016 Prospective Multicenter Assessment of Early Complication Rates Associated With Adult Cervical Deformity Surgery in 78 Patients.
32  allergic conjunctivitis disease
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
VKC (4 times)
AKC (3 times)
AC (2 times)
2007 Concentration of soluble interleukin-6 receptors in tears of allergic conjunctival disease patients.
33  anticonvulsant drug
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EEG (3 times)
AHS (1 time)
BECTS (1 time)
1986 Electrocardiographic accompaniments of temporal lobe epileptic seizures.
34  arteriotomy closure device
(8 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
PCI (3 times)
CA/PCI (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2001 Vascular complications after percutaneous coronary interventions following hemostasis with manual compression versus arteriotomy closure devices.
35  alcoholic cerebellar degeneration
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
BARS (1 time)
ICARS (1 time)
MSA (1 time)
1997 Impaired upper limb coordination in alcoholic cerebellar degeneration.
36  Amyloidosis cutis dyschromica
(7 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
PCA (1 time)
2001 Amyloidosis cutis dyschromica in two siblings.
37  angiokeratoma corporis diffusum
(7 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
AGU (1 time)
1989 Anorexia, weight loss, and diarrhea as presenting symptoms of angiokeratoma corporis diffusum (Fabry-Anderson's disease).
38  acampomelic campomelic dysplasia
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
CD (1 time)
MS (1 time)
PRS (1 time)
1997 Acampomelic campomelic dysplasia: further radiographic variations.
39  advanced core decompression
(6 times)
Tissue Engineering
(3 times)
ONFH (3 times)
CaPO4 (1 time)
FAI (1 time)
2013 Advanced core decompression, a new treatment option of avascular necrosis of the femoral head--a first follow-up.
40  Allantoic Core Domain
(6 times)
Embryology
(3 times)
IPS (2 times)
AGM (1 time)
Col IV (1 time)
2009 The Allantoic Core Domain: new insights into development of the murine allantois and its relation to the primitive streak.
41  alpha-cyclodextrin
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DOG (1 time)
MBCD (1 time)
SCFA (1 time)
1994 [Demonstration of molecular combinations of alpha cyclodextrin (ACD) with dioctanoyl glycerol].
42  anticancer drugs
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ACD-AD (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AED (1 time)
1991 Restoration of daunomycin retention in multidrug-resistant P388 cells by submicromolar concentrations of SDZ PSC 833, a nonimmunosuppressive cyclosporin derivative.
43  apex-carotis diagram
(6 times)
Internal Medicine
(3 times)
S-AC (1 time)
1976 [Apex carotis diagram and benign systolic murmurs].
44  apoptotic cell death
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
14,15-EET (1 time)
AMG (1 time)
BMMCs (1 time)
2000 Neoplastic transformation of mammary epithelial cells in rats is associated with decreased apoptotic cell death.
45  7-alkoxycoumarin O-dealkylase
(5 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
SCN (2 times)
GH (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1999 Increase in urinary excretion of 6beta-hydroxycortisol in common marmosets as a marker of hepatic CYP3A induction.
46  Acromioclavicular dislocation
(5 times)
Traumatology
(3 times)
CCDT (1 time)
CHPF (1 time)
MCDT (1 time)
1988 Treatment of acromioclavicular disruptions: trial of a simple surgical approach.
47  active celiac disease
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
GFD (3 times)
CD (2 times)
CVID (1 time)
2003 Refractory coeliac sprue is a diffuse gastrointestinal disease.
48  active cell death
(5 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CPO (1 time)
PARP (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
1992 Active cell death in hormone-dependent tissues.
49  agonistic character displacement
(5 times)
Biology
(3 times)
RCD (2 times)
CRCD (1 time)
2009 The role of interspecific interference competition in character displacement and the evolution of competitor recognition.
50  anticancer drug
(5 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
P-gp (3 times)
CsA (2 times)
DAU (2 times)
1993 Atypical multi-drug resistance (MDR): low sensitivity of a P-glycoprotein-expressing human T lymphoblastoid MDR cell line to classical P-glycoprotein-directed resistance-modulating agents.
51  assembly competence domain
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
CBF (2 times)
SMMHC (2 times)
AML (1 time)
1997 A 29 residue region of the sarcomeric myosin rod is necessary for filament formation.
52  average compression depth
(5 times)
Emergency Medicine
(5 times)
CPR (3 times)
ACR (2 times)
AVT (1 time)
2012 The specific effect of metronome guidance on the quality of one-person cardiopulmonary resuscitation and rescuer fatigue.
53  aboveground carbon density
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CAO (1 time)
LiDAR (1 time)
TCH (1 time)
2014 Carbon storage landscapes of lowland Hawaii: the role of native and invasive species through space and time.
54  AC depth
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AC (4 times)
ACV (1 time)
AOD (1 time)
2006 Ciliary body edema after scleral buckling surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.
55  acid-citrate-dextrose solution
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RBC (2 times)
2,3-DPG (1 time)
AL (1 time)
1962 Transfer of magnesium and citrate between red cells and plasma during storage in acid citrateglucose solution (ACD).
56  acute coronary disease
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
CADP-CT (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
2009 Lack of association between aspirin responsiveness and seven candidate gene haplotypes in patients with symptomatic vascular disease.
57  adenylyl cyclase domain
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CaM (1 time)
Cia (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2005 Structural basis for the interaction of Bordetella pertussis adenylyl cyclase toxin with calmodulin.
58  administrative coded data
(4 times)
Managed Care Programs
(1 time)
HAIs (2 times)
NPV (2 times)
PPV (2 times)
2014 Accuracy of administrative code data for the surveillance of healthcare-associated infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
59  adrenocortical dysplasia homolog
(4 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CLL (1 time)
DC (1 time)
HH (1 time)
2014 Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome caused by a germline mutation in the TEL patch of the telomere protein TPP1.
60  anisotropic circular dichroism
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CD (2 times)
BChl (1 time)
LHCII (1 time)
2002 Chirotopical properties of cisoid enones from circular dichroism (CD) and anisotropic circular dichroism (ACD) spectroscopy.
61  anterior cervical decompression
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
EMG (1 time)
VAI (1 time)
1998 A survey of the peri-operative management of patients undergoing anterior cervical decompression in the UK and Eire.
62  anticoagulant citrate dextrose
(4 times)
Chromatography
(1 time)
aCSF (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1996 Regional hemodialysis anticoagulation: hypertonic tri-sodium citrate or anticoagulant citrate dextrose-A.
63  articular cartilage defects
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ICRS (2 times)
BW (1 time)
FQUAD (1 time)
2012 Ten-year follow-up of a prospective, randomized clinical study of mosaic osteochondral autologous transplantation versus microfracture for the treatment of osteochondral defects in the knee joint of athletes.
64  atypical cystic duct
(4 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ER (2 times)
PgR (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2000 Clinicopathological characteristics of atypical cystic duct (ACD) of the breast: assessment of ACD as a precancerous lesion.
65  automated compounding device
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
PN (3 times)
A.S.P.E.N (2 times)
CPOE (2 times)
2011 Sterility of pediatric lipid emulsions repackaged by an automated compounding device.
66  acetate-containing bicarbonate dialysis
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AFD (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
HDF (2 times)
2011 Biocompatibility of dialysis fluid for online HDF.
67  acid citrate-glucose
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PI (1 time)
1947 DIMENSIONAL, OSMOTIC, AND CHEMICAL CHANGES OF ERYTHROCYTES IN STORED BLOOD. I. BLOOD PRESERVED IN SODIUM CITRATE, NEUTRAL, AND ACID CITRATE-GLUCOSE (ACD) MIXTURES.
68  acontractile detrusor
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PVR (2 times)
BC (1 time)
BPH (1 time)
2006 Is it possible to use urodynamic variables to predict upper urinary tract dilatation in children with neurogenic bladder-sphincter dysfunction?
69  acquired communication disorders
(3 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
ACAABI (1 time)
SLP (1 time)
2015 Speech-language pathology practices with Indigenous Australians with acquired communication disorders.
70  acute cardiac decompensation
(3 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
HR (2 times)
ASCVD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1998 Hemodynamic monitoring prior to and at the time of death in status epilepticus.
71  adrenocortical disease
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 Clinical and endocrine responses to treatment with deslorelin acetate implants in ferrets with adrenocortical disease.
72  After-cooking darkening
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
SAPP (1 time)
SAS (1 time)
2010 Relative quantitative proteomic analysis reveals wound response proteins correlated with after-cooking darkening.
73  age-related cognitive decline
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
ALA (1 time)
APOE (1 time)
2009 Testosterone and dihydrotestosterone differentially improve cognition in aged female mice.
74  all-cause dementia
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
LTPA (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2015 Elevated HbA1c is associated with increased risk of incident dementia in primary care patients.
75  Allergic CD
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
CD (3 times)
FD (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2004 Environmental contact factors in eczema and the results of patch testing Chinese patients with a modified European standard series of allergens.
76  Amasya cherry disease
(3 times)
Virology
(3 times)
CCRS (2 times)
RdRp (2 times)
CP (1 time)
2004 Cherry chlorotic rusty spot and Amasya cherry diseases are associated with a complex pattern of mycoviral-like double-stranded RNAs. I. Characterization of a new species in the genus Chrysovirus.
77  anticoccidial drug
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
VAC (3 times)
Eapt (1 time)
Emax (1 time)
2010 Comparison of Eimeria species distribution and salinomycin resistance in commercial broiler operations utilizing different coccidiosis control strategies.
78  apparent contact dimension
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CG (1 time)
GP (1 time)
GZ (1 time)
2009 The apparent contact dimension and covariates among orthodontically treated and nontreated subjects.
79  apparent diffusion coefficient
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
BFV (1 time)
BV (1 time)
2008 Magnetic resonance imaging versus ultrasonography in fetal pathology.
80  AAL-triggered cell death
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ET (2 times)
PCD (2 times)
ERF (1 time)
2012 Ethylene signaling pathway and MAPK cascades are required for AAL toxin-induced programmed cell death.
81  absolute walking distance
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ICD (2 times)
PAD (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
2002 Heparan sulfate in the treatment of intermittent claudication: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter trial.
82  acampomelic CD
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
PRS (2 times)
2012 Complex genomic rearrangement in the SOX9 5' region in a patient with Pierre Robin sequence and hypoplastic left scapula.
83  acampomelic form of CD
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
CGH (1 time)
DSD (1 time)
2009 Familial acampomelic form of campomelic dysplasia caused by a 960 kb deletion upstream of SOX9.
84  accidental cell death
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
IHC (1 time)
PCD (1 time)
RCD (1 time)
2018 Accidental and Programmed Cell Death in Investigative and Toxicologic Pathology.
85  ACDpo
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IOL (1 time)
1996 [Calculation of the assumed postoperative anterior chamber depth as an important factor in the calculation of optic power of the intraocular lens].
86  acellular cadaveric dermis
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2007 Use of acellular cadaveric dermis and tissue expansion in postmastectomy breast reconstruction.
87  acid citrate-glucose solution
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1947 DIMENSIONAL, OSMOTIC, AND CHEMICAL CHANGES OF ERYTHROCYTES IN STORED BLOOD. III. COMPARISON OF 3 DILUTIONS OF ACID CITRATE-GLUCOSE SOLUTION (ACD).
88  acid-citrate-phosphate
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PRP (2 times)
1984 High yield of platelet-rich plasma from CPD blood compared to ACD blood.
89  active cavitation detector
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
IC (1 time)
PRF (1 time)
US (1 time)
1990 An acoustic backscattering technique for the detection of transient cavitation produced by microsecond pulses of ultrasound.
90  activity counts per day
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
AEE (2 times)
SMR (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
2005 Measuring free-living energy expenditure and physical activity with triaxial accelerometry.
91  actual claudication distance
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
MWD (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
ABPI (1 time)
2007 Supervised exercise training for intermittent claudication: lasting benefit at three years.
92  acute cardiac death
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
AEH (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
COHb (1 time)
2000 A comparative study on the immunohistochemical detection of early myocardial damage.
93  acute cardiovascular diseases
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
EPNCP (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2000 [20-year monitoring of acute cardiovascular diseases in population of large industrial city in West Siberia (epidemiological study)].
94  acute childhood diarrheal
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ARIs (1 time)
ZT (1 time)
2010 The added benefit of zinc supplementation after zinc treatment of acute childhood diarrhoea: a randomized, double-blind field trial.
95  acute circulatory disorders
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAR (1 time)
1982 [Clinical aspects of acute circulatory disorders in open-heart operations].
96  acute clinical deterioration
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
PFEDH (2 times)
2007 Acute epidural hematoma of the posterior fossa--cases of acute clinical deterioration.
97  adrenocortical dysplasia
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2018 Silencing of telomere-binding protein adrenocortical dysplasia (ACD) homolog enhances radiosensitivity in glioblastoma cells.
98  advance care discussions
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Barriers to conducting advance care discussions for children with life-threatening conditions.
99  advanced cervical dilation
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
LBW (1 time)
PC (1 time)
PPROM (1 time)
2003 Relationship of prenatal care and perinatal morbidity in low-birth-weight infants.
100  aggressive conduct disorder
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ODD (1 time)
1987 A two-year follow-up of boys with aggressive conduct disorder.