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Abbreviation: ACF
Appearance Frequency: 1973 time(s)
Long forms: 170

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
aberrant crypt foci
(1040 times)
Neoplasms
(526 times)
AOM (333 times)
DMH (212 times)
CRC (78 times)
1991 Identification and quantification of aberrant crypt foci and microadenomas in the human colon.
activated carbon fiber
(150 times)
Environmental Health
(89 times)
SEM (15 times)
GAC (9 times)
XPS (9 times)
1994 [Noncovalent immobilization of catalase on antibodies adsorbed on carbon fabric].
aortocaval fistula
(146 times)
Cardiology
(51 times)
LV (30 times)
AAA (25 times)
CHF (23 times)
1981 Myosin isoenzyme changes in several models of rat cardiac hypertrophy.
autocorrelation function
(98 times)
Biophysics
(16 times)
FCS (7 times)
PACF (7 times)
PSD (7 times)
1976 Biological signal detection by the autocorrelogram and a recurrence frequency method.
active case finding
(80 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
TB (64 times)
PCF (24 times)
NTP (6 times)
1982 Tuberculosis case-finding in Eastern Nepal.
acriflavine
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
HIF-1 (5 times)
HIF-1alpha (4 times)
CML (3 times)
1996 AIDS therapy with two, three or four agent combinations, applied in short sequences, differing from each other by drug rotation. I. First of two parts: a phase I trial equivalent, concerning five virostatics: AZT, ddI, ddC, acriflavine and an ellipticine analogue.
anterior cervical fusion
(38 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
PCF (6 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (3 times)
1999 Anterior cervical discectomy (ACD) versus anterior cervical fusion (ACF), clinical and radiological outcome study.
apobec-1 complementation factor
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
apoB (17 times)
APOBEC-1 (2 times)
ABBP (1 time)
2000 Molecular cloning of apobec-1 complementation factor, a novel RNA-binding protein involved in the editing of apolipoprotein B mRNA.
anterior cranial fossa
(23 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
CSF (5 times)
DAVF (4 times)
CBCT (2 times)
1989 Cranioplasty of the anterior fossa traumatic bone defect using autologous cancellous bone.
10  aceclofenac
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
DSC (3 times)
NSAID (3 times)
PAR (3 times)
2006 Long term NSAID treatment inhibits COX-2 synthesis in the knee synovial membrane of patients with osteoarthritis: differential proinflammatory cytokine profile between celecoxib and aceclofenac.
11  anterior corpectomy with fusion
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
PWF (5 times)
CT (2 times)
PE (2 times)
2000 The value of anterior cervical plating in preventing vertebral fracture and graft extrusion after multilevel anterior cervical corpectomy with posterior wiring and fusion: indications, results, and complications.
12  asymmetric crying facies
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
CFS (1 time)
CGH (1 time)
DAOM (1 time)
1996 Asymmetric crying facies: an index of other malformations.
13  anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion
(13 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
CSM (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
PWF (2 times)
1993 MRI evaluation of fusion mass incorporation after anterior cervical bony fusions: preliminary findings.
14  Advocacy Coalition Framework
(12 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
EU (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
APCCP (1 time)
2006 Advocacy coalitions and pharmacy policy in Denmark--solid cores with fuzzy edges.
15  ATP-utilizing chromatin assembly and remodeling factor
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
BAF (1 time)
CHRAC (1 time)
HP1 (1 time)
2000 Transcriptional analysis of chromatin assembled with purified ACF and dNAP1 reveals that acetyl-CoA is required for preinitiation complex assembly.
16  attenuation correction factors
(7 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
111In (1 time)
AC (1 time)
ACFtot (1 time)
1981 A boundary method for attenuation correction in positron computed tomography.
17  adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, ftorafur
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ACFM (4 times)
DFI (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1984 A randomized trial of adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, ftorafur (ACF) and adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, ftorafur, methotrexate (ACFM) in patients with advanced breast cancer.
18  anterior chamber flare
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
IOP (3 times)
ACC (1 time)
CDVA (1 time)
1996 Growth factors and their receptors in the anterior chamber. Absence of epidermal growth factor and transforming growth factor alpha in human aqueous humor.
19  artificial cerebrospinal fluid
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NS (3 times)
CSDH (2 times)
bST (1 time)
1986 Effect of xylocaine and carbachol applied to the caudate nucleus of rats on barbiturate sleeping time.
20  atom centered fragments
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
2D-AUTO (3 times)
CP-MLR (3 times)
FUN (2 times)
2008 QSAR study about ATP-sensitive potassium channel activation of cromakalim analogues using CP-MLR approach.
21  acute cardiac failure
(5 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
LVEF (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
2003 Pressure-related hemodynamic effects of CO2 pneumoperitoneum in a model of acute cardiac failure.
22  Administration for Children and Families
(5 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
AFDC (2 times)
TANF (2 times)
CPS (1 time)
1998 Medicaid and Title IV-E programs; revision to the definition of an unemployed parent--Administration for Children and Families (ACF) and HCFA. Final rule with comment period.
23  aluminum chlorofluoride
(5 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
--- 2003 Structural insights into aluminum chlorofluoride (ACF).
24  Anterior cervical foraminotomy
(5 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
ACDF (2 times)
CSR (2 times)
DH (2 times)
2004 Anterior cervical foraminotomy for unilateral spondylotic radiculopathy.
25  antibodies to citrullinated fibrinogen
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
AKA (1 time)
CCP (1 time)
IgM-RF (1 time)
2005 Antibodies to citrullinated human fibrinogen (ACF) have diagnostic and prognostic value in early arthritis.
26  acute care facility
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
LTCF (2 times)
ABHP (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2009 Access to hand hygiene in eastern Ontario.
27  aged care facility
(4 times)
Sentinel Surveillance
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
NP (1 time)
Stm 44 (1 time)
2009 Egg-associated Salmonella outbreak in an aged care facility, New South Wales, 2008.
28  aggregated channel feature
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
CNN (2 times)
SVM (2 times)
ACF-PR (1 time)
2015 New Vehicle Detection Method with Aspect Ratio Estimation for Hypothesized Windows.
29  amplitude comparison function
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
DCF (1 time)
DPol-MZM (1 time)
IFM (1 time)
2009 Photonic measurement of microwave frequency based on phase modulation.
30  Academic Clinical Fellowship
(3 times)
Education
(1 time)
NIHR (1 time)
2011 Career plans and views of trainees in the Academic Clinical Fellowship Programme in England.
31  Action Contre la Faim
(3 times)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
LP (1 time)
MUAC (1 time)
PSUs (1 time)
1999 The management of severe malnutrition in Burundi: an NGO's perspective of the practical constraints to effective emergency and medium-term programmes.
32  acute circulatory failure
(3 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
ACF-CLIF-SOFA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2003 Resolution and outcome of acute circulatory failure does not correlate with hemodynamics.
33  Alberta Cancer Foundation
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
QI (2 times)
CPN (1 time)
2016 Developing a Provincial Cancer Patient Navigation Program Utilizing a Quality Improvement Approach. Part Three: Evaluation and Outcomes.
34  alternate care facility
(3 times)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
CDC (1 time)
DC (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2015 The Ebola Spatial Care Path™: Accelerating point-of-care diagnosis, decision making, and community resilience in outbreaks.
35  antecubital fossa
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AVFs (1 time)
DASS (1 time)
DOH (1 time)
2011 Treatment of dialysis access-associated steal syndrome with the "revision using distal inflow" technique.
36  anterior component of occlusal force
(3 times)
Orthodontics
(2 times)
CPT (1 time)
MBF (1 time)
SD (1 time)
1990 Factors influencing the anterior component of occlusal force.
37  Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ACT (1 time)
CR (1 time)
Gulf (1 time)
1997 An evaluation of introgression of Atlantic coast striped bass mitochondrial DNA in a Gulf of Mexico population using formalin-preserved museum collections.
38  assembly factor
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
HSS (1 time)
INHAT (1 time)
2005 The histone chaperone TAF-I/SET/INHAT is required for transcription in vitro of chromatin templates.
39  atypical cell foci
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EHEN (1 time)
gamma-GT (1 time)
HN (1 time)
1983 Sequential observations on the appearance of neoplastic lesions in the liver and kidney after treatment with N-ethyl-N-hydroxyethylnitrosamine followed by partial hepatectomy and unilateral nephrectomy.
40  abstract conceptual feature
(2 times)
Linguistics
(1 time)
LSA (1 time)
VWP (1 time)
2013 Abstract conceptual feature ratings: the role of emotion, magnitude, and other cognitive domains in the organization of abstract conceptual knowledge.
41  AC foci
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ABC (1 time)
ORAC (1 time)
2005 Effect of dried plums on colon cancer risk factors in rats.
42  accessible cavity fraction
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AOAs (1 time)
MD (1 time)
PDMS (1 time)
2018 Comparing gas transport in three polymers via molecular dynamics simulation.
43  accumulation factor
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BAF (1 time)
BCF (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2003 Inverse relationship between bioconcentration factor and exposure concentration for metals: implications for hazard assessment of metals in the aquatic environment.
44  acesulfame
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
ASP (1 time)
ASs (1 time)
2015 Molecularly imprinted sol-gel nanofibers based solid phase microextraction coupled on-line with high performance liquid chromatography for selective determination of acesulfame.
45  Acriflavine neutral
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AK (1 time)
I-kappaBalpha (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2000 Inhibition of lipopolysaccharide-induced I-kappaB degradation and tumor necrosis factor-alpha expression by acriflavine, an antimicrobial agent.
46  acute Charcot foot
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
TCC (1 time)
2013 The acute diabetic Charcot foot managed on the basis of magnetic resonance imaging--a review of 71 cases.
47  acute coronary failure
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1978 [Dynamics of pre-hospital lethality in acute coronary insufficiency and myocardial infarct in Krasnoyarsk during 1963-1975].
48  adaptive comb filter
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
FECG (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
IIR (1 time)
2011 Adaptive comb filtering for motion artifact reduction from PPG with a structure of adaptive lattice IIR notch filter.
49  alternative cellular functions
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
MCPs (1 time)
TCS (1 time)
TPR (1 time)
2011 CrdS and CrdA comprise a two-component system that is cooperatively regulated by the Che3 chemosensory system in Myxococcus xanthus.
50  animal component-free
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
CDM (1 time)
FMDV (1 time)
MTP (1 time)
2019 Cell Density Effects in Different Cell Culture Media and Their Impact on the Propagation of Foot-And-Mouth Disease Virus.
51  anisotropic conductive film
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PBS (1 time)
2016 Simultaneous Roll Transfer and Interconnection of Flexible Silicon NAND Flash Memory.
52  anterior constant focus
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
RGP (1 time)
1993 Clinical evaluation of the anterior constant focus (ACF) annular bifocal contact lens.
53  anti-citrullinated fibrinogen
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
RA (2 times)
ACPA (1 time)
CBM (1 time)
2009 Preferential decrease in IgG4 anti-citrullinated protein antibodies during treatment with tumour necrosis factor blocking agents in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
54  antibody-conjugated fluorospheres
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CD4 (1 time)
1996 Detection of cell-surface antigens using antibody-conjugated fluorospheres (ACF): application for six-color immunofluorescence.
55  apparent critical factors
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
FO (1 time)
IF (1 time)
2003 Detection of factors influencing nitrite determination in meat.
56  ATP-dependent chromatin-assembly factor
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2002 Dynamics of ATP-dependent chromatin assembly by ACF.
57  Auto Cyto Fix
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
--- 2002 Usefulness of Auto Cyto Fix (membrane filter method) for the application of immunohistochemistry.
58  auto-cumulative flowmeter
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
--- 2017 Design and numerical simulation on an auto-cumulative flowmeter in horizontal oil-water two-phase flow.
59  average force over the entire cycle
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
DP (2 times)
PF (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1998 Poling forces during roller skiing: effects of grade.
60  7-acetamino-flunitrazepam
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ADF (1 time)
AF (1 time)
DAD (1 time)
1997 Simultaneous determination of flunitrazepam and its metabolites in plasma and urine by HPLC/DAD after solid phase extraction.
61  A. contortum Finet & Gagnepain
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AAW (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
2009 An expeditious HPLC method to distinguish Aconitum kusnezoffii from related species.
62  abdominal compression force
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ESB (1 time)
VBF (1 time)
2018 Development of real time abdominal compression force monitoring and visual biofeedback system.
63  abelian complexity function
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CRE (1 time)
HACF (1 time)
2019 Improved Prediction of Regulatory Element Using Hybrid Abelian Complexity Features with DNA Sequences.
64  Aberrant Cell Fraction
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
ASCAT (1 time)
2016 ascatNgs: Identifying Somatically Acquired Copy-Number Alterations from Whole-Genome Sequencing Data.
65  aberrant crypt formation
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AOM (1 time)
EGCG (1 time)
SCFA (1 time)
2018 Effects of Dietary Fibre from the Traditional Indonesian Food, Green Cincau (Premna oblongifolia Merr.) on Preneoplastic Lesions and Short Chain Fatty Acid Production in an Azoxymethane Rat Model of Colon Cancer.
66  abnormal cardiac findings
(1 time)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
NT (1 time)
2014 Nuchal translucency and cardiac abnormalities in euploid singleton pregnancies.
67  Abnormal colposcopic finding
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CIN (1 time)
CIS (1 time)
HR-HPV (1 time)
2014 High-risk human papilloma virus and cervical abnormalities in HIV-infected women with normal cervical cytology.
68  abnormal crypt formation
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AOM (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2008 The effect of kefir on glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) levels in mice with colonic abnormal crypt formation (ACF) induced by azoxymethane (AOM).
69  AC/ACF
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Age-dependent induction of aberrant crypt foci in rat colon by 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b]pyridine and azoxymethane.
70  accelerated catalytic Fenton
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Accelerated Catalytic Fenton Reaction with Traces of Iron: An Fe-Pd-Multicatalysis Approach.
71  accelerated failure time
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Showing neuropathy is related to increased mortality in diabetic patients - a survival analysis using an accelerated failure time model.
72  accessibility factor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CTP (1 time)
Ni (1 time)
2013 Addressing geographic variability in the comparative toxicity potential of copper and nickel in soils.
73  accessory foramina
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FZS (1 time)
SOF (1 time)
SON (1 time)
2012 Morphological and morphometric analysis of supraorbital foramen and supraorbital notch: a study on dry human skulls.
74  acentric chromosome fragments
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
MN (1 time)
1985 DNA content of micronuclei in human lymphocytes.
75  acetyl cefuroxime
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AZM (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1999 [A randomized comparative study of 3 days of azithromycin treatment and 10 days of cefuroxime treatment in exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].
76  acid pretreated carbon fiber
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CNT (1 time)
Fc (1 time)
2020 Ferrocene-Incorporated Cobalt Sulfide Nanoarchitecture for Superior Oxygen Evolution Reaction.
77  aclonifen
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GCE (1 time)
2020 Electrochemical sensing base for hazardous herbicide aclonifen using gadolinium niobate (GdNbO4) nanoparticles-actual river water and soil sample analysis.
78  acoustic coupling fluid
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
US (1 time)
2019 A new acoustic coupling fluid with ability to reduce ultrasound imaging artefacts in brain tumour surgery-a phase I study.
79  acriflavine hydrochloride
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
HIF (1 time)
MCAO (1 time)
RIPC (1 time)
2020 Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1alpha and 2alpha Have Beneficial Effects in Remote Ischemic Preconditioning Against Stroke by Modulating Inflammatory Responses in Aged Rats.
80  Actinidia chinensis fruits
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2020 Consumption of two whole kiwifruit (Actinide chinensis) per day improves lipid homeostasis, fatty acid metabolism and gut microbiota in healthy rats.
81  Action Contre la Faim France
(1 time)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
FCS (1 time)
HDDS (1 time)
LIGs (1 time)
2014 Cost-effectiveness of community vegetable gardens for people living with HIV in Zimbabwe.
82  activated carbon fabric cloth
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 Trivalent chromium removal from wastewater using low cost activated carbon derived from agricultural waste material and activated carbon fabric cloth.
83  activated carbon fiber nonwoven
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2009 Acoustical evaluation of carbonized and activated cotton nonwovens.
84  activated CF
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ASCs (1 time)
CF (1 time)
Cs (1 time)
2018 Facile Activation of Commercial Carbon Felt as a Low-Cost Free-Standing Electrode for Flexible Supercapacitors.
85  active form
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
InACF (1 time)
2020 Compensatory role of C3 convertase on the strain difference for C3 protein expression in FVB/N, C3H/HeN and C57BL/6N mice.
86  active tuberculosis case finding
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
TB (1 time)
2017 Do active case-finding projects increase the number of tuberculosis cases notified at national level?
87  Acute renal failure
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
--- 2005 Physiologic consequences of acute renal failure on the critically ill.
88  adaptive clutter filtering
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ACR (1 time)
DM (1 time)
SCR (1 time)
2010 New adaptive clutter rejection for ultrasound color Doppler imaging: in vivo study.
89  adaptive control strategy with feedback
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
TSES (1 time)
1993 [Pharmacodynamics of anticancer agents].
90  adaptive control with feedback
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DLT (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
1995 Phase I and clinical evaluation of a pharmacologically guided regimen of suramin in patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer.
91  adaptive correlating filter
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
RT (1 time)
1993 [Short-term memory functioning in schizophrenics--late components (P3) of the event-related potential recorded from schizophrenics during a memory retrieval task].
92  adaptive cylinder flux
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2013 Random walks with adaptive cylinder flux based connectivity for vessel segmentation.
93  Adherence Control Form
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
BED (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2014 Therapist adherence in individual cognitive-behavioral therapy for binge-eating disorder: assessment, course, and predictors.
94  adherent cell fraction
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
IL-15 (1 time)
LAK (1 time)
2003 A novel myeloid-like NK cell progenitor in human umbilical cord blood.
95  adhesion is quantified by the fraction of cells remaining adherent
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2007 Quantitative measurements of the strength of adhesion of human neutrophils to a substratum in a microfluidic device.
96  adipocyte-containing foci
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DX (1 time)
HC (1 time)
KiMSV (1 time)
1987 Kinetic analysis of hydrocortisone effect on the neodifferentiation of Kirsten murine sarcoma virus-transformed human skin fibroblasts to adipose cells.
97  adipose correction factor
(1 time)
Radiation Oncology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
EPIC (1 time)
SB (1 time)
2019 Visceral adipose ratio as a novel predictor for acute bowel toxicity in patients receiving pelvic radiation: Preliminary dosimetric analysis and clinical validation.
98  adjacent cancer-free mucosal
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
OSCC (1 time)
2015 MicroRNA-155 in oral squamous cell carcinoma: Overexpression, localization, and prognostic potential.
99  adriamycin, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil
(1 time)
Cells
(1 time)
Bar-T (1 time)
CSC (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2018 Drug-induced expression of EpCAM contributes to therapy resistance in esophageal adenocarcinoma.
100  Adriamycin + cisplatin + 5-fluorouracil
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DCF (1 time)
ESCC (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2020 Controlling lymph node micrometastases by neoadjuvant chemotherapy affects the prognosis in advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.