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Abbreviation: ACI
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Long forms: 243

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
autologous chondrocyte implantation
(492 times)
Orthopedics
(161 times)
MRI (40 times)
IKDC (39 times)
MACI (33 times)
1998 Chondrocyte implantation in the repair of chondral lesions of the knee: economics and quality of life.
acute cerebral infarction
(162 times)
Complementary Therapies
(39 times)
NIHSS (30 times)
CI (14 times)
ELISA (11 times)
1986 Failure of central nervous system serotonin blockage to influence outcome in acute cerebral infarction. A double blind randomized trial.
Andersen cascade impactor
(71 times)
Pharmacology
(51 times)
MMAD (13 times)
FPF (12 times)
DPI (8 times)
1998 The effect of dose on the characterization of aerodynamic particle-size distributions of beclomethasone dipropionate metered-dose inhalers.
aortic calcification index
(62 times)
Nephrology
(22 times)
HD (16 times)
CKD (12 times)
CT (11 times)
1988 Response of the cubital vein to occlusion and calcification of the abdominal aorta in patients with chronic renal failure on maintenance hemodialysis.
atherosclerotic cerebral infarction
(44 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
ELISA (4 times)
RFLP (4 times)
PCR (3 times)
1991 Mortality in acute cerebral infarction in young adults--a ten-year experience.
August Copenhagen Irish
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
FHH (5 times)
L-NAME (4 times)
NQO1 (4 times)
1997 Difference in susceptibility of developing renal damage in normotensive fawn-hooded (FHL) and August x Copenhagen Irish (ACI) rats after N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester induced hypertension.
anticoccidial index
(27 times)
Parasitology
(15 times)
POAA (6 times)
LS (4 times)
ORF (4 times)
2004 Isolation and selection of ionophore-tolerant Eimeria precocious lines: E. tenella, E. maxima and E. acervulina.
acceleration index
(22 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
HR (8 times)
CI (7 times)
CO (7 times)
1993 Hemodynamic responses to passive body tilts.
acute cerebral ischemia
(19 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AIS (2 times)
AMI (2 times)
MCAO (2 times)
1998 Rapid response to stroke symptoms: the Delay in Accessing Stroke Healthcare (DASH) study.
10  adoptive cellular immunotherapy
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
NK (4 times)
TILs (2 times)
aGVHD (1 time)
1989 Clinical/technical challenges in adoptive cellular immunotherapy (ACI): the role of cytapheresis.
11  ambiguous-cue interpretation
(17 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(7 times)
DA (4 times)
PRL (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2013 Trait pessimism predicts vulnerability to stress-induced anhedonia in rats.
12  activated carbon injection
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
APCDs (5 times)
MWI (5 times)
CY (4 times)
2001 Memory effect on the dioxin emissions from municipal waste incinerator in Taiwan.
13  acute cardiac ischemia
(16 times)
Emergency Medicine
(8 times)
AMI (8 times)
ED (5 times)
ACI-TIPI (4 times)
1993 Estimated prevalences of panic disorder and depression among consecutive patients seen in an emergency department with acute chest pain.
14  acute coronary insufficiency
(13 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
AMI (7 times)
A.C.C.T (1 time)
AHA (1 time)
1976 Anti-heart autoantibodies in ischaemic heart disease patients.
15  anterior circulation infarction
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
PCI (7 times)
CI (2 times)
NIHSS (2 times)
2008 [Analysis of the changes in aortic root dimension in patients with anterior cerebral infarction].
16  American Cancer Institute
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
FR (3 times)
CyA (2 times)
CFBC (1 time)
1986 Synergistic effect of coumadin and cytoxan in reducing lung metastases.
17  asymptomatic cerebral infarction
(9 times)
Brain
(5 times)
MRI (5 times)
PVH (3 times)
AF (2 times)
1996 Asymptomatic cerebral infarctions in patients with ischemic stroke.
18  acute cardiac injury
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AKI (2 times)
ARDS (2 times)
CVD (2 times)
2004 Acute cardiac injury induces glial cell response and activates extracellular signaling-regulated kinase-1 and -2 in the spinal cord of Wistar rats.
19  allogeneic
(8 times)
Transplantation
(5 times)
BM (2 times)
BMT (2 times)
CTA (2 times)
1991 Prevention of graft-versus-host disease following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in rats using FK506.
20  absorption contrast imaging
(6 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
PCI (6 times)
PVE (2 times)
FCM (1 time)
2013 CO₂-based in-line phase contrast imaging of small intestine in mice.
21  ACI/N
(6 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
BUF (6 times)
RDA (4 times)
ACF (1 time)
1996 A rat genetic map constructed by representational difference analysis markers with suitability for large-scale typing.
22  absolute concentration index
(5 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
RCI (3 times)
RII (2 times)
SII (2 times)
2015 Income-related inequalities in inadequate dentition over time in Australia, Brazil and USA adults.
23  active cosmetic ingredients
(5 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
API (1 time)
ATR-IR (1 time)
CRM (1 time)
2018 Confocal Raman spectroscopic imaging for in vitro monitoring of active ingredient penetration and distribution in reconstructed human epidermis model.
24  Andersen eight-stage cascade impactor
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
APSD (2 times)
DPI (2 times)
NGI (2 times)
2010 Relative precision of inhaler aerodynamic particle size distribution (APSD) metrics by full resolution and abbreviated andersen cascade impactors (ACIs): part 2--investigation of bias in extra-fine mass fraction with AIM-HRT impactor.
25  anemia of chronic inflammation
(5 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ACD (1 time)
HJV.Fc (1 time)
hs-CRP (1 time)
2004 Prevalence of anemia in persons 65 years and older in the United States: evidence for a high rate of unexplained anemia.
26  anterior commissure involvement
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
BED (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
LCR (1 time)
2018 [Analysis of curative effect of transoral radiofrequency ablation microsurgery on glottic carcinoma with anterior commissure involvement at the early stage].
27  autologous cartilage implantation
(5 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
EAC (1 time)
FSE (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2002 Autologous cartilage implantation for full thickness articular cartilage defects of the knee.
28  carotid artery
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
TIA (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
CAE (1 time)
1991 [The status of carotid artery surgery today: technique, indications, results].
29  acitretin
(4 times)
Skin Diseases
(2 times)
ADA (2 times)
CyA (2 times)
ETA (2 times)
2010 Does conjugation of antioxidants improve their antioxidative/anti-inflammatory potential?
30  activity concentration index
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EU-BSS (1 time)
NORM (1 time)
2013 First characterisation of natural radioactivity in building materials manufactured in Albania.
31  adaptive configuration interaction
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
TD (1 time)
2016 Communication: An adaptive configuration interaction approach for strongly correlated electrons with tunable accuracy.
32  adenylyl cyclase type I
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
ACV (1 time)
ACVI (1 time)
1997 Expression of adenylyl cyclase type I in cochlear inner hair cells.
33  advanced cognitive impairment
(4 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
MDS (3 times)
NH (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
2005 Making electronic mail accessible: perspectives of people with acquired cognitive impairments, caregivers and professionals.
34  anterior chamber inflammation
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AEs (2 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1998 Double-masked, placebo-controlled evaluation of loteprednol etabonate 0.5% for postoperative inflammation. Loteprednol Etabonate Post-operative Inflammation Study Group 1.
35  adrenocortical insufficiency
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PCT (2 times)
APS (1 time)
cps (1 time)
1967 Studies on auditory thresholds in normal man and in patients with adrenal cortical insufficiency: the role of adrenal cortical steroids.
36  Adult Correctional Institution
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
IDU (1 time)
XR-NTX (1 time)
2000 Comprehensive medical care among HIV-positive incarcerated women: the Rhode Island experience.
37  Affect Consciousness Interview
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
AC (2 times)
ACSs (2 times)
DDF (1 time)
2004 Somatoform disorders as disorders of affect regulation: a study comparing the TAS-20 with non-self-report measures of alexithymia.
38  Agency for Clinical Innovation
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ANZCTR (1 time)
CLICC (1 time)
NSW (1 time)
2014 Clinician-led improvement in cancer care (CLICC)--testing a multifaceted implementation strategy to increase evidence-based prostate cancer care: phased randomised controlled trial--study protocol.
39  Albany Consistency Index
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
TOMM (3 times)
IFFI (1 time)
PVTs (1 time)
2012 The Albany Consistency Index for the Test of Memory Malingering.
40  antioxidant potency composite index
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
DPPH (2 times)
PD (2 times)
4-HBA (1 time)
2010 Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of Teucrium arduini L. (Lamiaceae) flower and leaf infusions (Teucrium arduini L. antioxidant capacity).
41  Applied Clinical Informatics
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
IMIA (1 time)
2014 From bench to bed: bridging from informatics theory to practice. An exploratory analysis.
42  aseptic cerebral injury
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CNS (2 times)
APC (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
2001 Interleukin-6 promotes post-traumatic healing in the central nervous system.
43  atlases of complication incidence
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DVHs (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of the Risk of Grade 3 Oral and Pharyngeal Dysphagia Using Atlas-Based Method and Multivariate Analyses of Individual Patient Dose Distributions.
44  3,6-Anydro-l-galatonate cycloisomerase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AHG (1 time)
2017 Crystal structure analysis of 3,6-anhydro-l-galactonate cycloisomerase suggests emergence of novel substrate specificity in the enolase superfamily.
45  a.carotis intern
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CCA (1 time)
IMT (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2008 [Carotid artery plaque in patients with disorders of glucose regulation].
46  acceleration change index
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
LVDD (1 time)
2003 A new index for the analysis of heart rate variability dynamics: characterization and application.
47  acetylcholinesterase inhibitor
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2008 Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors in assisted living: patterns of use and association with retention.
48  ACI group
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BSS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2000 [Study on relationship of parameters of nitric oxide, endothelin and blood stasis syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine in acute cerebral infarction].
49  ACI/NMna
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
BUF (2 times)
WKY (2 times)
Aftm1 (1 time)
2011 Cervical thymuses exist, but no cervical thymomas develop in thoracic thymoma-prone BUF rats.
50  acifluorfen
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CARKO (2 times)
PROTOX (2 times)
WT (2 times)
2016 Involvement of Mouse Constitutive Androstane Receptor in Acifluorfen-Induced Liver Injury and Subsequent Tumor Development.
51  acivicin
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
GPGB (1 time)
GT (1 time)
LTs (1 time)
1992 Guinea pig gall bladder contains a single peptide leukotriene receptor which resembles that present in human conducting airway smooth muscle.
52  Acoustic Complexity Index
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2016 Using bioacoustics to examine shifts in songbird phenology.
53  Activity Choice Index
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CAPI (1 time)
EFSA (1 time)
IPAQ (1 time)
2016 Initial Validation of the Activity Choice Index Among Overweight Women.
54  acute and/or chronic intraprostatic inflammation
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
LUTS (2 times)
TURP (2 times)
AUR (1 time)
2007 Does intraprostatic inflammation have a role in the pathogenesis and progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia?
55  acute coronary ischemia
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
cTnT (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1999 Prehospital identification of acute coronary ischemia using a troponin T rapid assay.
56  acute craniocerebral injury
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADH (2 times)
EDLS (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
2008 Natriuretic peptides, antidiuretic hormone and hyponatraemia after acute craniocerebral injury.
57  acute critical illness
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
CCIS (1 time)
LDST (1 time)
2006 Nutrition support and the chronic critical illness syndrome.
58  adaptive capacity index
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
AHP (1 time)
CVI (1 time)
ECOG (1 time)
2011 Development and psychometric testing of the Adaptive Capacity Index, an instrument to measure adaptive capacity in individuals with advanced cancer.
59  adenylyl cyclase I
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CaMKIV (2 times)
CREB (2 times)
L-LTP (2 times)
2007 A critical role of CREB in the impairment of late-phase LTP by adult onset hypothyroidism.
60  adenylyl cyclase inhibitor
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LPA (1 time)
1977 The effect of adenylate cyclase inhibitor (ACI) on guanylate cyclase, phosphodiesterase and other enzymes in heart.
61  adjacent channel interference
(2 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
CPC (1 time)
DPC (1 time)
2009 Optimization of power control in mobile multimedia communication systems in hospitals using genetic algorithm.
62  Adult Concentration Inventory
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
ADHD (2 times)
SCT (2 times)
2018 Sluggish cognitive tempo in adults: Psychometric validation of the Adult Concentration Inventory.
63  after challenge infection
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
MO (1 time)
1995 Oocyst production and immunogenicity of Cryptosporidium baileyi in chickens and mallards.
64  after-control-impact
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 2009 Influence of a breakwater on nearby rocky intertidal community structure.
65  Ag-B-incompatible
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
BU (1 time)
CY (1 time)
GVHD (1 time)
1975 Bone marrow transplantation in the busulfan-treated rat. I. Effect of cyclophosphamide and rabbit antirat thymocyte serum as immunosuppression.
66  albumin creatinine index
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
Ccr (1 time)
GCW (1 time)
IV-C (1 time)
1994 Serum and urinary type IV collagen concentrations in the assessment of diabetic microangiopathy.
67  alpha-crystallin index
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AREDS (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
2016 Longitudinal Study of Age-Related Cataract Using Dynamic Light Scattering: Loss of alpha-Crystallin Leads to Nuclear Cataract Development.
68  alternating cations in the interlayer space
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PCE (1 time)
QWs (1 time)
2019 Dynamical Transformation of Two-Dimensional Perovskites with Alternating Cations in the Interlayer Space for High-Performance Photovoltaics.
69  Andersen nonviable cascade impactor
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AIM (2 times)
pMDI (2 times)
APSD (1 time)
2009 The abbreviated impactor measurement (AIM) concept: part 1--Influence of particle bounce and re-entrainment-evaluation with a "dry" pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI)-based formulation.
70  Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ARB (1 time)
CCB (1 time)
EPO (1 time)
2008 Association between erythropoietin requirements and antihypertensive agents.
71  annual cumulative incidence
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FMD (1 time)
NSP (1 time)
2008 Use of epidemiologic risk modeling to evaluate control of foot-and-mouth disease in southern Thailand.
72  anterior circulation cerebral infarction
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
ACoA (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2014 Predictor's analysis of anterior circulation cerebral infarction after the endovascular treatment of anterior communicating artery aneurysms.
73  apical conicity index
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
LV (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
2012 Spherical dilatation of the apex in failing left ventricles: a target for surgical remodelling techniques.
74  appearance-change instruction
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
--- 2007 Eyewitness lineups: is the appearance-change instruction a good idea?
75  arterial compliance index
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BRS (1 time)
CID (1 time)
1976 Relationship of age and blood pressure to baroreflex sensitivity and arterial compliance in man.
76  Attention/Concentration Index
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
GMI (2 times)
WMS-R (1 time)
1995 The relationship between the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R) Attention index and putative measures of Attention.
77  attractor complexity index
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
DE (1 time)
DFA (1 time)
2018 Maximum Lyapunov exponent revisited: Long-term attractor divergence of gait dynamics is highly sensitive to the noise structure of stride intervals.
78  autologous cultured chondrocyte implantation
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AMZ (1 time)
MACI (1 time)
1999 [New therapy procedure for localized cartilage defects. Encouraging results with autologous chondrocyte implantation].
79  average complex interval
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
CFAE (1 time)
CFEs (1 time)
2011 Autonomic modulation of complex fractionated atrial electrograms in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
80  AxC-Irish
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
COP (1 time)
DES (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
1999 Genetic bases of estrogen-induced pituitary growth in an intercross between the ACI and Copenhagen rat strains: dominant mendelian inheritance of the ACI phenotype.
81  2-(3-Amino-3-carboxypropyl)-isoxazolin-5-one
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SAM (1 time)
1993 Biosynthesis in vitro of 2-(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)-isoxazolin-5-one, the neurotoxic amino acid in Lathyrus odoratus.
82  A-strain Copenhagen Irish hooded gene rats
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BCs (1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2002 Ploidy differences between hormone- and chemical carcinogen-induced rat mammary neoplasms: comparison to invasive human ductal breast cancer.
83  A. compacta infusion
(1 time)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
NK (1 time)
2017 Azorella compacta Infusion Activates Human Immune Cells and Scavenges Free Radicals In vitro.
84  abdominal calcification index
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2018 Impact of trajectories of abdominal aortic calcification over 2 years on subsequent mortality: a 10-year longitudinal study.
85  abdominal cavity infection
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
AIRS (1 time)
P/T (1 time)
1997 [Effect of piperacillin/tazobactam on the anti-infection resistance in patients with infections in the peritoneal cavity].
86  abductor caudae internus
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
ECL (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
1990 Spinal cord location of the motoneurons innervating the tail muscles of the cat.
87  ability, confidence, and intention
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Engaging physicians and pharmacists in providing smoking cessation counseling.
88  abrupt complete inhibition
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
SDRI (1 time)
1985 Identification of pacemaker dependent patients by serial decremental rate inhibition.
89  Absolute Cell death Index
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
NI (1 time)
OSF (1 time)
2004 Cell death does not herald epithelial involution ("atrophy") in oral sub mucous fibrosis: a TEM study.
90  absolute citation impact
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
EU (1 time)
2004 Scandinavian research in anaesthesiology 1981-2000: visibility and impact in EU and world context.
91  absolute competition intensity
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AMF (1 time)
2011 Arbuscular mycorrhizal mediation of biomass-density relationship of Medicago sativa L. under two water conditions in a field experiment.
92  absolute count increment
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
PLT (1 time)
2010 Posttransfusion platelet count increments after ABO-compatible versus ABO-incompatible platelet transfusions in noncancer patients: an observational study.
93  AC impedance method
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 1989 Factors which influence the accuracy of corrosion rate determination of implant materials.
94  AC, calculated twice as an index
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2014 Alendronate as an effective treatment for bone loss and vascular calcification in kidney transplant recipients.
95  accelerated contractility index
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
--- 2011 Prognostic value of noninvasive measures of contractility in emergency department patients with severe sepsis and septic shock undergoing early goal-directed therapy.
96  acceleration contraction index
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
HI (1 time)
PEP (1 time)
2004 [Value of non-invasive continuous hemodynamic monitoring system in the differential diagnosis of the patients with dyspnea].
97  accepted donor-type but not third-party
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
IT (1 time)
1993 Tolerance induction to rat islet allografts by intrathymic inoculation of donor spleen cells.
98  acceptor control index
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1990 The relationship between plasma free fatty acids and liver mitochondrial function in vivo.
99  accidental intoxication
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DST (1 time)
2001 [Dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in adolescents after a suicide attempt].
100  accurate quantification of the concentrations of curcumin
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
API and ACI (1 time)
IR (1 time)
NC (1 time)
2017 Quantitative analysis of curcumin-loaded alginate nanocarriers in hydrogels using Raman and attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy.