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Abbreviation: ACL
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Long forms: 147

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
anterior cruciate ligament
(8523 times)
Orthopedics
(3492 times)
IKDC (537 times)
MRI (487 times)
PCL (301 times)
0 Incidence and Risk Factors for Reoperation Following Meniscal Repair in a Military Population.
American cutaneous leishmaniasis
(216 times)
Tropical Medicine
(109 times)
PCR (16 times)
LCL (14 times)
AVL (12 times)
1983 Characterization of the cellular immune response in American cutaneous leishmaniasis.
ATP citrate lyase
(121 times)
Biochemistry
(27 times)
FAS (24 times)
ME (14 times)
ACC (10 times)
1988 Enzyme activities in oleaginous yeasts accumulating and utilizing exogenous or endogenous lipids.
Adjective Check List
(50 times)
Psychiatry
(26 times)
EE (2 times)
FAS (2 times)
FC (2 times)
1975 Female homosexuals' concepts of self, men, and women.
anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis
(42 times)
Tropical Medicine
(16 times)
ZCL (10 times)
CL (7 times)
VL (4 times)
1988 [Clinico-epidemiologic forms of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Tunisia].
Americans' Changing Lives
(32 times)
Geriatrics
(9 times)
SES (6 times)
CES-D (5 times)
CMC (4 times)
1997 Age, gender and health among African Americans.
average chain length
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CPI (7 times)
FA (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2012 Chemodiversity of nonacosan-10-ol and n-alkanes in the needle wax of Pinus heldreichii.
adenocarcinoma of the lung
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
ChrA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
1982 Demonstration of the stem cell nature of clonogenic tumor cells from lung cancer patients.
Allen Cognitive Level Test
(11 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
ADLs (1 time)
BPRS-E (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
1988 Analysis of information processing and cognitive disability theory.
10  aclarubicin
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
DOX (6 times)
MDR (2 times)
MTX (2 times)
1996 Human hepatoma cells rich in P-glycoprotein are sensitive to aclarubicin and resistant to three other anthracyclines.
11  adherent cell layer
(8 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
LTBMC (3 times)
IL-1 (2 times)
4-HC (1 time)
1983 Hemopoietic stromal precursors in long-term culture of bone marrow: II. Significance of initial packing for creating a hemopoietic microenvironment and maintaining stromal precursors in the culture.
12  anthroponotic CL
(8 times)
Parasitic Diseases
(2 times)
CL (8 times)
CI (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2015 The topical treatment of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis with the tincture of thioxolone plus benzoxonium chloride (Thio-Ben) along with cryotherapy: a single-blind randomized clinical trial.
13  Administration for Community Living
(7 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
HHS (3 times)
AoA (2 times)
CMS (2 times)
2012 Advancing the field of elder abuse: future directions and policy implications.
14  atrial cycle length
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AA (1 time)
AF (1 time)
AT (1 time)
1994 Chronotropic cardiac effects of NPY in conscious dogs: interactions with the autonomic nervous system and putative NPY receptors.
15  aclacinomycin A
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
MDR (3 times)
ADM (2 times)
DOX (2 times)
1984 In vitro sensitivity of myeloblast clonogenic cells to doxorubicin, aclacinomycin A, and 4'-O-tetrapyranyl-doxorubicin: correlations with clinical responses.
16  alpha-amino-epsilon-caprolactam
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
DAP (1 time)
PLP (1 time)
2003 Chiral liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry for high-throughput screening of enzymatic racemase activity.
17  anal canal length
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
HD (2 times)
AI (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2006 Is the anorectal sphincter damaged during a transanal endorectal pull-through (TERPT) for Hirschsprung's disease? A 3-dimensional, vector manometric investigation.
18  acceptable change limits
(4 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(3 times)
hs-cTnI (1 time)
hs-cTnT (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2014 Preanalytical standardization for reactive oxygen species derived oxysterol analysis in human plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
19  Acquired cutis laxa
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
GACL (1 time)
IgA (1 time)
MGUS (1 time)
1996 Generalized acquired cutis laxa associated with coeliac disease: evidence of immunoglobulin A deposits on the dermal elastic fibres.
20  adenosine triphosphate-citrate lyase
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
VLDL (2 times)
WAT (2 times)
6PGDH (1 time)
2003 The role of lipogenesis in the development of uremic hyperlipidemia.
21  alveolar crest level
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
PD (4 times)
CAL (3 times)
GML (3 times)
2002 Clinical and radiographic evaluation of periodontal intrabony defects treated with guided tissue regeneration. A pilot study.
22  angiographic core laboratory
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
PCI (2 times)
QCA (2 times)
ICs (1 time)
1996 Comparisons of angiographic core laboratory analyses of phantom and clinical images: interlaboratory variability.
23  anterior chamber lenses
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
PCL (3 times)
ECCE (2 times)
ICCE (2 times)
1990 [Comparative evaluation of intracapsular cataract extraction, extracapsular cataract extraction and phacoemulsification].
24  antibodies to cardiolipin
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ARF (1 time)
rD (1 time)
RHD (1 time)
1992 [Cardiolipin antibodies in acute rheumatic fever].
25  Antioxidant Capacity of Liposoluble substances
(4 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ACW (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BEN (1 time)
2005 Effect of oral antioxidant supplementation on blood antioxidant status in trained thoroughbred horses.
26  Automated Coagulation Laboratory
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
INR (1 time)
ISI (1 time)
1990 The dependence of the International Sensitivity Index on the coagulometer used to perform the prothrombin time.
27  accessory corpus luteum
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
HHG (1 time)
2013 Impact of buserelin acetate or hCG administration on day 12 post-ovulation on subsequent luteal profile and conception rate in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis).
28  ACLI group
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
UKA (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
ACL-I (1 time)
2008 Combined anterior cruciate reconstruction and Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: in vivo kinematics.
29  aclidinium
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
TIO (2 times)
BUD (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2016 Effects of Adding Tiotropium or Aclidinium as Triple Therapy Using Impulse Oscillometry in COPD.
30  acyl chain length
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DBI (1 time)
OVL (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2014 Acyl chain length of phosphatidylserine is correlated with plant lifespan.
31  amorphous carbon layer
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
CCP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2015 Etch Properties of Amorphous Carbon Material Using RF Pulsing in the O2/N2/CHF3 Plasma.
32  anaplastic thyroid cancer cell lines
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ATC (2 times)
DTC (1 time)
HBB (1 time)
2005 Decreased expression of haemoglobin beta (HBB) gene in anaplastic thyroid cancer and recovery of its expression inhibits cell growth.
33  Autism-Checklist
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ID (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
DiBAS-R (1 time)
2014 [Psychometric properties of the Autism-Checklist (ACL) in adults with intellectual disability].
34  accessory collateral ligament
(2 times)
Hand
(1 time)
MCP (1 time)
PCL (1 time)
PIP (1 time)
2008 Assessment of rotational instability with disruption of the accessory collateral ligament of the thumb MCP joint: a biomechanical study.
35  aceclofenac
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Fu-LPHNPs (1 time)
MTX (1 time)
2017 Functionalized Lipid-Polymer Hybrid Nanoparticles Mediated Codelivery of Methotrexate and Aceclofenac: A Synergistic Effect in Breast Cancer with Improved Pharmacokinetics Attributes.
36  Acenocoumarol
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
OA (2 times)
2018 Biobarcode assay for the oral anticoagulant acenocoumarol.
37  acyl-CoA ligase
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
5-ALA (1 time)
ALAS (1 time)
PLP (1 time)
2015 Fatty Acyl Incorporation in the Biosynthesis of WAP-8294A, a Group of Potent Anti-MRSA Cyclic Lipodepsipeptides.
38  alveolar crest
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ABICL (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
CPRT (1 time)
2002 Combined periodontal regenerative technique in human intrabony defects by collagen membranes and anorganic bovine bone. A controlled clinical study.
39  amacrine cell layer
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
GCL (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
1989 Parasol and midget ganglion cells of the primate retina.
40  Amaranthus caudatus lectin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GdnHCl (1 time)
MD (1 time)
PPII (1 time)
2008 Differential contributions of recognition factors of two plant lectins -Amaranthus caudatus lectin and Arachis hypogea agglutinin, reacting with Thomsen-Friedenreich disaccharide (Galbeta1-3GalNAcalpha1-Ser/Thr).
41  analytical change limit
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
RCV (2 times)
AST (1 time)
HI (1 time)
2015 Hemolysis indexes for biochemical tests and immunoassays on Roche analyzers: determination of allowable interference limits according to different calculation methods.
42  anterior capsular ligament
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ATFL (2 times)
CFL (2 times)
ITCL (2 times)
2017 Subtalar instability: imaging features of subtalar ligaments on 3D isotropic ankle MRI.
43  anticholinergic load
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AIBL (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2011 Effects of anticholinergic drugs on cognitive function in older Australians: results from the AIBL study.
44  anticodon loop
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
m3C32 (1 time)
2016 Evolving specificity of tRNA 3-methyl-cytidine-32 (m3C32) modification: a subset of tRNAsSer requires N6-isopentenylation of A37.
45  Application Controller Language
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 1979 Writing man-machine dialogues for a MUMPS system using the Application Controller Language (ACL).
46  Aralia cordate lectin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
WJL (2 times)
BLL (1 time)
IL-8 (1 time)
2005 Stimulation of IL-8 production by Aralia cordate lectin in human colon carcinoma Caco-2 cells.
47  Association for Computational Linguistics
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
NLP (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
GATE (1 time)
2016 Natural language processing in pathology: a scoping review.
48  asynchronous concurrent lactation
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
WallMECs (1 time)
1997 The tammar wallaby: a model to study putative autocrine-induced changes in milk composition.
49  autocorrelation length
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
BBR (1 time)
DIP (1 time)
RAP (1 time)
2014 Microstructural Analysis and Rheological Modeling of Asphalt Mixtures Containing Recycled Asphalt Materials.
50  average carbon chain length
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CPI (2 times)
2013 [Chemical composition of n-alkanes in wheat straw and smoke].
51  9-acridinecarboxaldehyde
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
ACM (1 time)
2018 Photochemistry of 9-acridinecarboxaldehyde in aqueous media.
52  A. chinense lectin
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
HUVEC (1 time)
2015 Purification and cloning of lectin that induce cell apoptosis from Allium chinense.
53  AAA patients showed significantly higher values of total calcium load
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
2012 A positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) evaluation of asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms: another point of view.
54  Abdominal Cystic lymphangiomas
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2011 Abdominal cystic lymphangiomas in pediatrics: surgical approach and outcomes.
55  Ablative carbon dioxide laser
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AFR (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2011 Comparison of Q-Switched 1064-nm Nd: YAG laser and fractional CO2 laser efficacies on improvement of atrophic facial acne scar.
56  abrogation of complement lysis
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ADCC (1 time)
1979 Macrophage-alloantibody-target cell interactions. II. Nonphagocytic effects.
57  Acaciacatechu leaf
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AD (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
2016 Effect of Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd. on Oxidative Stress with Possible Implications in Alleviating Selected Cognitive Disorders.
58  ACC synthase-like
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
2016 Functional investigation of two 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase-like genes in the moss Physcomitrella patens.
59  acceleration
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 1990 Pharmacodynamics of propranolol on left ventricular function: assessment by Doppler echocardiography.
60  access control list
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CDOs (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
2017 A Document-Based EHR System That Controls the Disclosure of Clinical Documents Using an Access Control List File Based on the HL7 CDA Header.
61  accessed were the lateral and medial menisci and the anterior
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IDK (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2006 Ultrasound assessment of internal derangement of the knee.
62  accessory CL
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Accessory corpora lutea formation in pregnant Hokkaido sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) investigated by examination of ovarian dynamics and steroid hormone concentrations.
63  accumulated crack length
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
LC (1 time)
MIT (1 time)
MRC (1 time)
2010 Effects of the diameter and shape of orthodontic mini-implants on microdamage to the cortical bone.
64  accurate ultrasound guided insertion of electrodes into the anterior
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 1999 Sonographic guided insertion of electrodes into the cruciate ligaments of the knee.
65  acetone extract of leaf
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ACR (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2015 Study of sedative activity of different extracts of Kaempferia galanga in Swiss albino mice.
66  acetyl CL
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
DCL (1 time)
DPPG (1 time)
1990 The structural requirements for anti-cardiolipin antibody binding in sera from patients with syphilis and SLE.
67  acetyl-CoA-citrate lyase
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HIF-1alpha (1 time)
IRS-1 (1 time)
miRs (1 time)
2016 MicroRNA-126 induces autophagy by altering cell metabolism in malignant mesothelioma.
68  acid corncob lignin
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EOL (1 time)
HKL (1 time)
LiBr (1 time)
2016 Selective Cleavage of the Aryl Ether Bonds in Lignin for Depolymerization by Acidic Lithium Bromide Molten Salt Hydrate under Mild Conditions.
69  ACL deficient knees
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
--- 2007 The effect of tibial rotation on the presence of instability in the anterior cruciate ligament deficient knee.
70  ACL reconstruction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACI (1 time)
OCD (1 time)
2014 Ten-year clinical and radiographic outcomes after autologous chondrocyte implantation of femoral condyles.
71  ACL-PCa
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACLs (1 time)
HGPIN (1 time)
IDC-P (1 time)
2010 ETS gene aberrations in atypical cribriform lesions of the prostate: Implications for the distinction between intraductal carcinoma of the prostate and cribriform high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia.
72  ACLP sausage
(1 time)
Food Technology
(1 time)
ACLP (1 time)
2018 Antioxidative Properties of Amaranth Cauline Leaf and Suppressive Effect against CT-26 Cell Proliferation of the Sausage Containing the Leaf.
73  Acorus calamus leaf
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
IL-8 (1 time)
PGN (1 time)
2009 Anti-inflammatory activity of a water extract of Acorus calamus L. leaves on keratinocyte HaCaT cells.
74  action potential cycle length
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
SA (1 time)
SBFI (1 time)
1999 Effect of isoprenaline, carbachol, and Cs+ on Na+ activity and pacemaker potential in rabbit SA node cells.
75  active and collaborative learning
(1 time)
Midwifery
(1 time)
EEE (1 time)
LAC (1 time)
NSSE (1 time)
2013 University engagement and collaborative learning in nursing students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences.
76  active caries lesions
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CA VI (1 time)
SFR (1 time)
2017 Influence of salivary parameters in the caries development in orthodontic patients-an observational clinical study.
77  Active Learning
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
DL (1 time)
ICL (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2017 Machine learning for epigenetics and future medical applications.
78  acyclovir
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
1997 Protection and therapy of experimental herpesvirus infections in mice with immunomodulating Propionibacterium avidum KP-40 and/or acyclovir.
79  acylcholesterol
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
TAGL (1 time)
1983 On the similarity of triacylglycerol and acylcholesterol lipases in rat brain.
80  adenylate cyclase activity
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AsA (1 time)
1987 Effect of ascorbic acid on guinea pig adrenal adenylate cyclase activity and plasma cortisol.
81  adhesion cell layer
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
SF (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
2003 Neoplastic transformation is not the cause of extremely long (more than 100 weeks) hematopoiesis maintenance of long-term bone marrow culture from TNF-deficient mice.
82  adjective check-list scale
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
EE (1 time)
FES (1 time)
2013 Negative expressed emotion best discriminates families with bipolar disorder children.
83  adjuvant chemolipiodolization
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
C-index (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2016 A novel scoring system predicts adjuvant chemolipiodolization benefit for hepatocellular carcinoma patients after hepatectomy.
84  Administrative Control Level
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ACGIH (1 time)
NIOSH (1 time)
OEL (1 time)
2006 [Japanese administrative control level of respirable dust and determination of crystalline silica in dust].
85  adrenal cortical lesions
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ACCa (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
LOH (1 time)
1999 Utilization of microdissection and the polymerase chain reaction for the diagnosis of adrenal cortical carcinoma in fine-needle aspiration cytology.
86  advanced catheter location
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CF (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
2016 Use of a contact force-sensing ablation catheter with advanced catheter location significantly reduces fluoroscopy time and radiation dose in catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation.
87  Affective, Cognitive and Lifestyle
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
--- 2016 Initial development of an implicit and explicit approach to assess psychopathy.
88  age of first observed corpus luteum
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FSC (1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
HPG (1 time)
2014 Multi-tissue omics analyses reveal molecular regulatory networks for puberty in composite beef cattle.
89  Agkistrodon contortrix laticinctus, Broad-Banded Copperhead
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1994 The role of extracellular ions in the pathogenesis of myonecrosis induced by a myotoxin isolated from Broad-Banded copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix laticinctus) venom.
90  Alchornea cordifolia leaves
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AAR (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
2016 Cytotoxicity of methanol extracts of 10 Cameroonian medicinal plants towards multi-factorial drug-resistant cancer cell lines.
91  alcohol group
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ACH (1 time)
AH (1 time)
2016 Ethanolic Extract of Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai Alleviates Alcoholic Liver Damage Combined with a High-Fat Diet in C57BL/6J Mice.
92  alloplastic prostheses of cruciate ligaments of knee
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 1996 [Texture of cruciate ligaments as a modifying factors of grafts].
93  alpha-chloralose
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2009 Isoflurane anesthesia is a valuable alternative for alpha-chloralose anesthesia in the forepaw stimulation model in rats.
94  American CL
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
CL (1 time)
ICTRP (1 time)
2018 Interventions to treat cutaneous leishmaniasis in children: A systematic review.
95  amoxicillin-clavulanate
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ASU (1 time)
CAC (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2011 In vitro activity of CXA-101 plus tazobactam (CXA-201) against CTX-M-14- and CTX-M-15-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae.
96  anal cushion lifting
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2015 Anal cushion lifting method is a novel radical management strategy for hemorrhoids that does not involve excision or cause postoperative anal complications.
97  analisis de clases latentes
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2016 
98  analysed, particularly with regard to ruptures of the anterior
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2016 Increase in ACL and PCL injuries after implementation of a new professional football league.
99  anatomic canal length
(1 time)
Dentistry, Operative
(1 time)
MDL (1 time)
WLs (1 time)
2017 A comparative evaluation of accuracy of three electronic apex locators using histological section as gold standard: An ex vivo study.
100  Anger camera lymphoscintigraphy
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2008 High-resolution, hand-held camera for sentinel-node detection.