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Abbreviation: ACR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
American College of Rheumatology
(2006 times)
Rheumatology
(996 times)
RA (607 times)
SLE (255 times)
EULAR (219 times)
1984 Informed consent for intravenous contrast-enhanced radiography: a national survey of practice and opinion.
albumin-to-creatinine ratio
(1042 times)
Nephrology
(287 times)
eGFR (230 times)
CKD (155 times)
CI (73 times)
1990 [Studies on coagulation-fibrinolytic system in diabetic nephropathy--with reference to plasma TAT and alpha 2PIC].
acute cellular rejection
(447 times)
Transplantation
(278 times)
AMR (55 times)
LT (45 times)
HCV (33 times)
1985 Incidence, histological pattern, and clinical outcome of rejection episodes occurring in the late posttransplant period.
acrylamide
(216 times)
Toxicology
(108 times)
MDA (20 times)
SOD (9 times)
2,5-HD (8 times)
1983 Effects of acrylamide on locomotion and central monoamine function in the rat.
acrolein
(66 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
HNE (11 times)
MDA (8 times)
MVK (7 times)
1984 Biochemical indices of cyclophosphamide-induced lung toxicity.
aclarubicin
(52 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
CR (7 times)
DNR (7 times)
DOX (5 times)
1982 Treatment of relapsed acute myelocytic leukemia with a combination of aclarubicin and cytosine arabinoside.
adenomatosis of the colon and rectum
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
SF (5 times)
NF (4 times)
TPA (4 times)
1975 Surgical treatment of hereditary adenomatosis of the colon and rectum in Sweden during the last 20 years. Part I. Introduction. Surgical procedures used. Pre-and postoperative measures. Arrangement of follow-up. Propositi group, primary and late results.
acyclic retinoid
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
HCC (20 times)
CIP1 (6 times)
RXRalpha (4 times)
2002 Growth inhibition of human hepatoma cells by acyclic retinoid is associated with induction of p21(CIP1) and inhibition of expression of cyclin D1.
albumin-to-creatinine
(27 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
eGFR (5 times)
PCR (5 times)
CKD-EPI (2 times)
2003 Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity measured automatically by oscillometric method is elevated in diabetic patients with incipient nephropathy.
10  anterior corona radiata
(18 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
FA (16 times)
DTI (9 times)
WM (7 times)
2009 Diffusion tensor imaging study of white matter fiber tracts in pediatric bipolar disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
11  anterior column realignment
(17 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
PSO (4 times)
ASD (3 times)
LL (3 times)
2014 Anterior column realignment (ACR) for focal kyphotic spinal deformity using a lateral transpsoas approach and ALL release.
12  acquired cellular resistance
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
DTH (8 times)
IL-2 (5 times)
DFR (4 times)
1975 Effect macrophage activation on infection with Treponema pallidum.
13  acute-to-chronic ratio
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
CCC (3 times)
CMC (3 times)
FAV (3 times)
2001 Reproductive impairment in the zebrafish, Danio rerio, upon chronic exposure to 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene.
14  adequate clinical response
(14 times)
Tropical Medicine
(10 times)
SP (7 times)
CQ (4 times)
ETF (4 times)
1999 Lack of an association between the ASN-108 mutation in the dihydrofolate reductase gene and in vivo resistance to sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine in Plasmodium falciparum.
15  awakening cortisol response
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AUC (2 times)
HPA (2 times)
BED (1 time)
2004 The awakening cortisol response: methodological issues and significance.
16  Alberta Cancer Registry
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
AHCIP (2 times)
NMSC (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2001 Emigration patterns of cancer cases in Alberta, Canada.
17  acriflavine
(8 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
PRO (2 times)
2-AF (1 time)
AA (1 time)
1989 Optimization of metabolic activation for four mutagens in a bacterial, fungal and two mammalian cell mutagenesis assays.
18  acceptor control ratio
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ARF (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
1985 In vitro versus in vivo mitochondrial calcium loading in ischemic acute renal failure.
19  acetylcholine receptor
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CSA (2 times)
AAb (1 time)
MCTD (1 time)
1993 Mixed connective tissue disease presenting myasthenia gravis.
20  acrosin
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
Acr (1 time)
AR (1 time)
dpc (1 time)
1997 Spermatozoa lacking acrosin protein show delayed fertilization.
21  acute rejection
(5 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
ATN (1 time)
BLT (1 time)
BR (1 time)
1994 A prospective randomized trial of FK506 versus cyclosporine after human pulmonary transplantation.
22  acute T cell-mediated rejection
(5 times)
Kidney Diseases
(1 time)
AMR (2 times)
Abs (1 time)
AVR (1 time)
2002 Leukocyte endothelial cell interactions in pig to human organ xenograft rejection.
23  American Rheumatism Association
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
RA (2 times)
BDS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1993 Evaluation of criteria contributions for the classification of systemic lupus erythematosus.
24  automatic cluster remover
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
SCC (2 times)
ACR2 (1 time)
bST (1 time)
2004 Milking regimes to shorten milking duration.
25  Aden Cancer Registry
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ASR (1 time)
ICD-O (1 time)
NH lymphoma (1 time)
2000 A New Model Population-based Cancer Registration System in Aichi Prefecture, Japan.
26  albumin excretion
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
eGFR (2 times)
ACEIs (1 time)
ARBs (1 time)
2002 Microalbuminuria is an integrated marker of subclinical organ damage in primary hypertension.
27  anterior column release
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
LIF (1 time)
LL (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2014 Management of sagittal balance in adult spinal deformity with minimally invasive anterolateral lumbar interbody fusion: a preliminary radiographic study.
28  apoptotic cell ratio
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
BPs (1 time)
CBMN-Cyt (1 time)
COCs (1 time)
2006 Is apoptosis in bovine in vitro produced embryos related to early developmental kinetics and in vivo bull fertility?
29  apyrase conserved regions
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
ATPDase (1 time)
DEPC (1 time)
E-NTPDases (1 time)
1996 Purification and cloning of a soluble ATP-diphosphohydrolase (apyrase) from potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum).
30  area change ratio
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
LS (4 times)
CS (2 times)
LV (2 times)
2011 Endocardial surface area tracking for assessment of regional LV wall deformation with 3D speckle tracking imaging.
31  auricular concha region
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
EA (3 times)
UCMS (2 times)
CORT (1 time)
2012 [Effect of electroacupuncture stimulation of auricular concha region at different time-points on behavior changes in depression rats].
32  abdominal compression reaction
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
USVs (1 time)
2000 Distress vocalizations in infant rats: what's all the fuss about?
33  aclarubicin hydrochloride
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
MMC (1 time)
1985 [Combination effects of CDDP, ACR and HCFU on progressive urothelial tumors].
34  acrosomes
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
900NC (1 time)
EEs (1 time)
EY (1 time)
2006 Afaf, a novel vesicle membrane protein, is related to acrosome formation in murine testis.
35  agonist contract-relax
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CR (3 times)
PNF (3 times)
ROM (3 times)
1987 Muscle activation during proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching techniques.
36  anaerobic curved rods
(3 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
BV (2 times)
CoA (1 time)
IFL (1 time)
1984 A serological study of anaerobic curved rods with rabbit hyperimmune antisera.
37  annual conversion rate
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
MCI (3 times)
AD (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2008 Temporal trends in the long term risk of progression of mild cognitive impairment: a pooled analysis.
38  anomalous cosmic rays
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
TACR (1 time)
1999 Energy spectra of geomagnetically trapped oxygen ions.
39  anterior cable reconstruction
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ASD (1 time)
ER (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2015 Radiographic outcomes of anterior column realignment for adult sagittal plane deformity: a multicenter analysis.
40  anthracycline-containing regimen
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
PFS (2 times)
CENTRAL (1 time)
2003 The role of anthracyclines in combination chemotherapy for the treatment of follicular lymphoma: retrospective study of the Intergruppo Italiano Linfomi on 761 cases.
41  Army Central Registry
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
HRA (1 time)
TC (1 time)
1999 Trends in child maltreatment in the US Army, 1975-1997.
42  arthroscopic capsular release
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HD (1 time)
OSS (1 time)
QALY (1 time)
2001 360 degrees arthroscopic capsular release in patients with adhesive capsulitis of the glenohumeral joint--indication, surgical technique, results.
43  artificial chordal replacement
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
HOCM (1 time)
LRR (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2004 Several new considerations in mitral valve repair.
44  auditory cortical response
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
ABR (2 times)
CA (2 times)
ACRs (1 time)
1985 The central auditory conduction at term date and three months after birth. I. Composite group averages of brainstem (ABR), middle latency (MLR) and auditory cortical responses (ACR).
45  absolute catabolic rate
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FCR (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
1990 High-density lipoprotein cholesteryl ester and protein catabolism in hypercholesterolemic rats induced by copper deficiency.
46  absolute concentration robustness
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Ntr (1 time)
2012 Characterization of the reconstituted UTase/UR-PII-NRII-NRI bicyclic signal transduction system that controls the transcription of nitrogen-regulated (Ntr) genes in Escherichia coli.
47  absolute cryogenic radiometer
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ACR II (1 time)
SIRCUS (1 time)
T-SIRCUS (1 time)
2005 ACR II: improved absolute cryogenic radiometer for low background infrared calibrations.
48  accidental catheter removal
(2 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
ICU (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
2004 Accidental catheter removal in critically ill patients: a prospective and observational study.
49  Acetoin reductase
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
2,3-BD (1 time)
2011 D-2,3-butanediol production due to heterologous expression of an acetoin reductase in Clostridium acetobutylicum.
50  Acori Calami Rhizoma
(2 times)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional
(1 time)
AGR (2 times)
ATR (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
2016 Authentication of Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma (Shi Chang Pu) and its adulterants by morphological distinction, chemical composition and ITS sequencing.
51  acrylamide monomer
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
4-MC (1 time)
HD (1 time)
MNCV (1 time)
1995 Effects of 4-methylcatechol, a stimulator of endogenous nerve growth factor synthesis, on experimental acrylamide-induced neuropathy in rats.
52  acrylic resin
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
APCDs (1 time)
CNFs (1 time)
2007 Determination of volatile organic profiles and photochemical potentials from chemical manufacture process vents.
53  acryloyl-CoA reductase
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
3HPCD (1 time)
3HPCS (1 time)
Lcd (1 time)
2013 Engineering Escherichia coli with acrylate pathway genes for propionic acid synthesis and its impact on mixed-acid fermentation.
54  ACT domain repeat
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
GUS (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2011 The ACR11 encodes a novel type of chloroplastic ACT domain repeat protein that is coordinately expressed with GLN2 in Arabidopsis.
55  acute and chronic rejection
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
AR (2 times)
ATN (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1987 Renal lesions in ciclosporin A-treated kidney transplant patients.
56  acute cardiac rejection
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EMB (2 times)
cTnI (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
1998 Heart rate variability as an assessment of acute rejection after heart transplantation.
57  acute cellular
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AMR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
ELISPOT (1 time)
2013 The diagnostic value of systolic acceleration time and resistive index as noninvasive modality for detection of graft rejection after orthotopic liver transplantation.
58  acute cellular liver allograft rejection
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
IA (1 time)
2005 Portal capillary C4d deposits and increased infiltration by macrophages indicate humorally mediated mechanisms in acute cellular liver allograft rejection.
59  acute renal failure
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ANS (1 time)
ATN (1 time)
BNA (1 time)
2001 [Cryoapheresis in the treatment of patients with cryoglobulinemic mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis and acute kidney failure].
60  acylcarnitine
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CFS (1 time)
FCR (1 time)
TCR (1 time)
1996 Acylcarnitine metabolism during fasting and after refeeding.
61  adaptive clutter rejection
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
DM (2 times)
SCR (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
2008 Adaptive clutter rejection for 3D color Doppler imaging: preliminary clinical study.
62  air change rate
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EO (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2009 Emission characteristics of plastic syringes sterilized with ethylene oxide--a controlled study.
63  albumin-creatinine excretion ratio
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DPts (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
2008 Family physician and endocrinologist coordination as the basis for diabetes care in clinical practice.
64  all-cause readmission
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
PPR (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
2013 Implications of metric choice for common applications of readmission metrics.
65  allele coverage ratio
(2 times)
Forensic Genetics
(1 time)
MPS (1 time)
PGM (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2017 Comparison of Two Massively Parallel Sequencing Platforms using 83 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms for Human Identification.
66  allogeneic cytotoxic reaction
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
2001 Common cell-surface antigens functioning in self-recognition reactions by both somatic cells and gametes in the solitary ascidian Halocynthia roretzi.
67  ambulance call record
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
eACR (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2011 The utility of the prehospital electrocardiogram.
68  ambulatory cardiac rehabilitation program
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
1999 [Clinical follow-up 6 months after ambulatory/partial inpatient after-care rehabilitation. Further results of the Cologne model of ambulatory cardiac phase II rehabilitation].
69  American
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
IIM (1 time)
IVIG (1 time)
2015 Comparison of European (ESR) and American (ACR) white papers on teleradiology: patient primacy is paramount.
70  ancient conserved region
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PDB (1 time)
RRM (1 time)
RS (1 time)
1993 Analysis of the RNA-recognition motif and RS and RGG domains: conservation in metazoan pre-mRNA splicing factors.
71  Anesthesiology Consultant Report
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 1995 The Anesthesiology Consultant Report (ACR): a document for effective dissemination of critical information.
72  Antarctic Cold Reversal
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
AIS (1 time)
LGT (1 time)
YD (1 time)
2015 Late-glacial elevated dust deposition linked to westerly wind shifts in southern South America.
73  Anticipation, Conflict, Reward
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2014 Methylphenidate and brain activity in a reward/conflict paradigm: role of the insula in task performance.
74  aortic-constricted rats
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
SHR (2 times)
WKY (2 times)
1985 Aorta collagen metabolism in spontaneously hypertensive and aortic-constricted rats: variations in enzyme activities concerned with disaccharide unit synthesis and degradation according to blood pressure and age.
75  apical conicity ratio
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
EF (2 times)
LV (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2014 Restoration of optimal left ventricular apical geometry and rotation following surgical ventricular restoration using rectangular patch plasty technique: a pilot study using cardiac magnetic resonance.
76  apoptotic cell remnants
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AML (2 times)
DC (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2014 Apoptotic blebs from leukemic cells as a preferred source of tumor-associated antigen for dendritic cell-based vaccines.
77  articular cartilage repair
(2 times)
Athletic Injuries
(1 time)
ACLR (1 time)
TAS (1 time)
2011 The use of the Tegner Activity Scale for articular cartilage repair of the knee: a systematic review.
78  asymmetrically coupled resonance
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
EIT (1 time)
SRRs (1 time)
2009 Asymmetric coupling between subradiant and superradiant plasmonic resonances and its enhanced sensing performance.
79  ATP-dependent chromatin remodelling
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BER (2 times)
MMS (1 time)
2014 Chromatin remodelling complex RSC promotes base excision repair in chromatin of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
80  attributable community risk
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
ORs (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
PAR (1 time)
2005 The impact of a prevention effort on the community.
81  autonomic cardiac regulation
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
BP (1 time)
EDVD (1 time)
2003 [Arterial hypertension in menopausal women: Clinical, functional, and pharmaco-economical aspects].
82  average compression rate
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ACD (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
2014 Comparison of chest compressions in the standing position beside a bed at knee level and the kneeling position: a non-randomised, single-blind, cross-over trial.
83  gold-acrylic
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CER (2 times)
CO (2 times)
PFM (2 times)
2015 Cost estimation of single-implant treatment in the periodontally healthy patient after 16-22 years of follow-up.
84  16kDa-alpha crystallin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IFNG (1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2014 T cell response to alpha crystallin and Mycobacterium tuberculosis specific antigens using ex-vivo elispot assay for detecting latent tuberculosis infection in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
85  A. crenata
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AE (1 time)
AES (1 time)
2010 Comparative in vitro bioactivities of tea extracts from six species of Ardisia and their effect on growth inhibition of HepG2 cells.
86  abdominal circumference ratio
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 Morbidity due to Schistosoma mansoni: an epidemiological assessment of distended abdomen syndrome in Ugandan school children with observations before and 1-year after anthelminthic chemotherapy.
87  ability to complement the kidney damage marker
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CKDu (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2017 Screening for chronic kidney disease of uncertain aetiology in Sri Lanka: usability of surrogate biomarkers over dipstick proteinuria.
88  absence of cross resistance
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 1995 Comparing antimicrobial activity against resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa using an index for the absence of cross-resistance.
89  absolute closure rate
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FCS (1 time)
HR (1 time)
RPR (1 time)
1996 Repair kinetics of amnion cells after microsurgical injury.
90  absolute competition results
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BNCE (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
2001 Competition performance and basal nocturnal catecholamine excretion in cross-country skiers.
91  absolutely conserved residues
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
HBGA (1 time)
2009 Quasispecies dynamics and molecular evolution of human norovirus capsid P region during chronic infection.
92  absolutely curative resection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ANCR (1 time)
RCR (1 time)
RNCR (1 time)
2000 [Relatively non-curative resection for lung cancer: is this a complete resection?].
93  absorption of aclacinomycin
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Studies on aclacinomycin spectral characters and the interaction between aclacinomycin and DNA by spectroscopic method].
94  abundance catch rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IRI (1 time)
NMDS (1 time)
2011 [Fish community structure and its seasonal change in subtidal sandy beach habitat off southern Gouqi Island].
95  Academic Chief Residents in Radiology
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
ACGME (1 time)
2014 Results of the 2014 survey of the American Alliance of Academic Chief Residents in Radiology.
96  Acarbose
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
DGX (1 time)
2018 A Novel Method for Drug Screen to Regulate G Protein-Coupled Receptors in the Metabolic Network of Alzheimer's Disease.
97  according to the Index for Radiological Diagnoses
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
FBN (1 time)
1992 [Critical analysis of the diagnostic imaging of focal hepatic lesions].
98  accreditation
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
FBP (1 time)
OS-SQS (1 time)
2017 Low-dose CT reconstruction using spatially encoded nonlocal penalty.
99  accreditation phantom
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
NPS (1 time)
ROI (1 time)
2018 Application of fractal dimension for quantifying noise texture in computed tomography images.
100  accumulative cryo-rolling
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
--- 2017 High degradation rate of Fe-20Mn-based bio-alloys by accumulative cryo-rolling and annealing.