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■ Search Result - Abbreviation : ACh

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Abbreviation: ACh
Appearance Frequency: 12255 time(s)
Long forms: 186

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acetylcholine
(11968 times)
Pharmacology
(2801 times)
NO (883 times)
AChE (688 times)
SNP (671 times)
1957 Inhibition by morphine of the release of acetylcholine from the intestine of the guinea-pig.
acetylcholine chloride
(59 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
SNP (8 times)
NO (5 times)
AChE (4 times)
1957 Pharmacological actions of pure muscarine chloride.
airway hyperresponsiveness to acetylcholine
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BALF (2 times)
PAF (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1989 Autosomal recessive inheritance of airway hyperreactivity to 5-hydroxytryptamine.
acinar cells with acetylcholine
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CCK (3 times)
cADP-ribose (2 times)
4-BPB (1 time)
1989 Indirect evidence for the presence of non-specific anion channels in rabbit mandibular salivary gland acinar cells.
acetylcholine level
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AChE (2 times)
AD (1 time)
BACE1 (1 time)
1958 The measurement of changes in acetylcholine level (ACh) in rat brain following ammonium ion intoxication and its possible bearing on the problem of hepatic coma.
acetylcholine inhibited I
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Effects of ginsenosides, active components of ginseng, on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes.
acetylcholinergic
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
DA (3 times)
CNS (1 time)
TD (1 time)
1977 Pharmacological characterization of tardive dyskinesia.
AChE activity and acetylcholine
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AChE (3 times)
BChE (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
2007 Developmental lead neurotoxicity: alterations in brain cholinergic system.
AChE and acetylcholine
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AChE (3 times)
AD (1 time)
AE (1 time)
1989 Galanthamine, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor: a time course of the effects on performance and neurochemical parameters in mice.
10  artery contraction mediated by acetylcholine
(3 times)
Biology
(3 times)
DRC (3 times)
DA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
2014 Vascular function in arteries of intertidal fish Girella laevifrons (Kyphosidae).
11  microM-acetylcholine
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
Ca (1 time)
EIPA (1 time)
NMDG (1 time)
1983 A cholinergic chloride conductance in neurones of Helix aspersa.
12  acetylcholine concentrations
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AF (1 time)
SSN (1 time)
2011 Impact of tissue geometry on simulated cholinergic atrial fibrillation: a modeling study.
13  ACh inhibited I
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CK (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2003 Differential effect of bovine serum albumin on ginsenoside metabolite-induced inhibition of alpha3beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor expressed in Xenopus oocytes.
14  ACh on IK
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CCh (1 time)
GTP (1 time)
INSC (1 time)
1991 Muscarinic agonist-induced actions on potassium and calcium channels in atrial myocytes: differential desensitization.
15  acinar cells stimulated with acetylcholine
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
fura-2 (1 time)
SP (1 time)
1988 Oscillations of cytosolic calcium in single pancreatic acinar cells stimulated by acetylcholine.
16  activated cortical acetylcholine
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
BZR (1 time)
CDP (1 time)
1995 Dissociation between the attentional effects of infusions of a benzodiazepine receptor agonist and an inverse agonist into the basal forebrain.
17  agonists, carbachol, acetylcholine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
EDHF (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1985 Muscarinic receptor agonist-antagonist interaction in the rat rectum: are there ways of activating the same receptors?
18  agonists-acetylcholine
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IMA (3 times)
EDHF (1 time)
INDO (1 time)
2005 Using physical chemistry to differentiate nicotinic from cholinergic agonists at the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.
19  alpha9-containing nicotinic acetylcholine
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
alpha-BgTx (1 time)
EVS (1 time)
nAChRs (1 time)
2006 Fast cholinergic efferent inhibition in guinea pig outer hair cells.
20  also challenged with acetylcholine
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
GPSA (1 time)
MDI (1 time)
1994 Assessment of respiratory hypersensitivity in guinea-pigs sensitized to diphenylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate (MDI) and challenged with MDI, acetylcholine or MDI-albumin conjugate.
21  also increased the rate of GTP gamma S-mediated IK
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GTP gamma S (2 times)
mAChR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1990 Arachidonic acid metabolites alter G protein-mediated signal transduction in heart. Effects on muscarinic K+ channels.
22  anti-acetylcholine
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MG (2 times)
1979 Neonatal myasthenia gravis in the infant of a myasthenic mother in remission.
23  augmented contractile response to acetylcholine
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BSMs (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
2001 Possible involvement of G(i3) protein in augmented contraction of bronchial smooth muscle from antigen-induced airway hyperresponsive rats.
24  CCh-activated IK
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
PDE (1 time)
sAPs (1 time)
1993 Activation of muscarinic K+ current in guinea-pig atrial myocytes by a serum factor.
25  cell-attached patches, IK
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1994 Acetylcholine-sensitive muscarinic K+ channels in mammalian ventricular myocytes.
26  channel, and inhibits the I
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 2001 Rapid nongenomic effect of corticosterone on neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in PC12 cells.
27  dopamine-acetylcholine
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
DA (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2006 Functional recovery of the striatal cholinergic system in aged rats by adenoviral vector-mediated gene transfer of dopamine D2 receptor.
28  10(-5)M-acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PDE (1 time)
1985 Dependence on Ca2+ of the activities of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate phosphatase in smooth muscles of the porcine coronary artery.
29  3-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-aminobutyrate ((+/-)baclofen) on the K-induced release of ((3)H)acetylcholine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1986 Type A and B gaba receptors mediate inhibition of acetylcholine release from cholinergic nerve terminals in the superior cervical ganglion of rat.
30  AA decreased mAChR-stimulated IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
INDO (1 time)
1990 Arachidonic acid metabolites alter G protein-mediated signal transduction in heart. Effects on muscarinic K+ channels.
31  abrogates endothelial function after I/R, we assessed endothelial-dependent
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
NOS (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2006 TNF-alpha contributes to endothelial dysfunction in ischemia/reperfusion injury.
32  abundant cholinergic innervation and acetylcholine
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
DG (1 time)
2005 Forebrain acetylcholine regulates adult hippocampal neurogenesis and learning.
33  Accordingly, additive inhibitory effects on I
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
QChEIs (1 time)
2007 Diverse inhibitory actions of quaternary ammonium cholinesterase inhibitors on Torpedo nicotinic ACh receptors transplanted to Xenopus oocytes.
34  account circadian rhythmicity and acetylcholine
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2008 Importance of circadian rhythmicity in the cholinergic treatment of Alzheimer's disease: focus on galantamine*.
35  account for the steady-state relationship between K
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2010 Cellular modelling: experiments and simulation to develop a physiological model of G-protein control of muscarinic K+ channels in mammalian atrial cells.
36  acetylcholine (10(-4)M)
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
1979 Mechanism of PGE inhibition of catecholamine release from adrenal medulla.
37  acetylcholine content
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GSPE (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AOEs (1 time)
2006 Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) and antioxidant defense in the brain of adult rats.
38  acetylcholine equilibrium potential, E
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Na (1 time)
2011 Changes in cationic selectivity of the nicotinic channel at the rat ganglionic synapse: a role for chloride ions?
39  Acetylcholine evoked a K(+) current, I
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GIRK (1 time)
m2R (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
2000 Coupling of the muscarinic m2 receptor to G protein-activated K(+) channels via Galpha(z) and a receptor-Galpha(z) fusion protein. Fusion between the receptor and Galpha(z) eliminates catalytic (collision) coupling.
40  acetylcholine in the pipette, K
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Cytoplasmic unsaturated free fatty acids inhibit ATP-dependent gating of the G protein-gated K(+) channel.
41  acetylcholine infusion test
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
MCR (1 time)
VSA (1 time)
1992 Coronary artery vasoreactivity to intracoronary acetylcholine infusion test in patients with chest pain syndrome.
42  acetylcholine iontophoresis
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
APU (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2012 Laser Doppler assessment of dermal circulatory changes in people with coronary artery disease.
43  Acetylcholine modulates I(f) and IK
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
GTP (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1997 Acetylcholine modulates I(f) and IK(ACh) via different pathways in rabbit sino-atrial node cells.
44  acetylcholine muscarinic
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
BDZ (1 time)
1986 Circadian rhythms in neurotransmitter receptors in discrete rat brain regions.
45  acetylcholine neurotransmitter
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AD (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2015 Designing Second Generation Anti-Alzheimer Compounds as Inhibitors of Human Acetylcholinesterase: Computational Screening of Synthetic Molecules and Dietary Phytochemicals.
46  acetylcholine on IK
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
1996 Endothelin-1 mediated inhibition of the acetylcholine-activated potassium current from rabbit isolated atrial cardiomyocytes.
47  acetylcholine receptor ligands, we showed that I
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Cholinergic currents in leg motoneurons of Carausius morosus.
48  Acetylcholine release
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
4-VO (1 time)
Angelica root (1 time)
dUTP (1 time)
2018 The Japanese Angelica acutiloba root and yokukansan increase hippocampal acetylcholine level, prevent apoptosis and improve memory in a rat model of repeated cerebral ischemia.
49  acetylcholine synthesis
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
C-CTF (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
NGF (1 time)
1987 Distinct influences of nerve growth factor and a central cholinergic trophic factor on medial septal explants.
50  acetylcholine-activated K+ current, IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
NEM (1 time)
1990 N-ethylmaleimide uncouples muscarinic receptors from acetylcholine-sensitive potassium channels in bullfrog atrium.
51  acetylcholinesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Luminescent silica nanoparticles for sensing acetylcholinesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of acetylcholine.
52  ACh (10(-5) M) did not increase IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
1990 Mechanism of acetylcholine-induced inhibition of Ca current in bullfrog atrial myocytes.
53  ACh activate similar Gi/o-coupled effector systems. IK
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
INSC (1 time)
LPC (1 time)
2016 Differential effects of lysophosphatidylcholine and ACh on muscarinic K(+),non-selective cation and Ca(2+) currents in guinea-pig atrial cells.
54  ACh can shorten the action potential by activating IK
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1997 Activation of inwardly rectifying potassium channels by muscarinic receptor-linked G protein in isolated human ventricular myocytes.
55  ACh directly activates the IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1994 Acetylcholine-sensitive muscarinic K+ channels in mammalian ventricular myocytes.
56  ACh even though the block of the IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1994 Differential effects of pertussis toxin on the muscarinic regulation of Ca2+ and K+ currents in frog cardiac myocytes.
57  ACh for the activation of steady-state IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1997 In vivo downregulation of M2 receptors revealed by measurement of muscarinic K+ current in cultured guinea-pig atrial myocytes.
58  ACh increased the variance of IK
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
GTP (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1997 Acetylcholine modulates I(f) and IK(ACh) via different pathways in rabbit sino-atrial node cells.
59  ACh metabolism, including total acetylcholine
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
Ch (1 time)
PhCh (1 time)
1987 Aging of cholinergic synapses in the avian iris. Part I--Biochemical studies.
60  ACh resulted in a partial relaxation of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CCh (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1996 Downregulation of muscarinic M2 receptors linked to K+ current in cultured guinea-pig atrial myocytes.
61  ACh still elicited I
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CK (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2003 Differential effect of bovine serum albumin on ginsenoside metabolite-induced inhibition of alpha3beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor expressed in Xenopus oocytes.
62  ACh via the K
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CSS (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2008 Accentuated antagonism in vagal heart rate control mediated through muscarinic potassium channels.
63  ACh was included in the pipette solution, IK
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
Gi (1 time)
HF (1 time)
IKI (1 time)
1994 Alterations in muscarinic K+ channel response to acetylcholine and to G protein-mediated activation in atrial myocytes isolated from failing human hearts.
64  ACh when the I
(1 time)
Receptors, Purinergic
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
P2XR (1 time)
2006 Excitatory effect of ATP on rat area postrema neurons.
65  ACh with no reduction in maximum IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CCh (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1996 Downregulation of muscarinic M2 receptors linked to K+ current in cultured guinea-pig atrial myocytes.
66  ACh, all of them decreased I
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
QChEIs (1 time)
2007 Diverse inhibitory actions of quaternary ammonium cholinesterase inhibitors on Torpedo nicotinic ACh receptors transplanted to Xenopus oocytes.
67  ACh-activated peak IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
LTC4 (1 time)
mAChR (1 time)
1993 Leukotriene C4 modulation of muscarinic K+ current activation in bullfrog atrial myocytes.
68  ACh-augmented rate of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
INDO (1 time)
1990 Arachidonic acid metabolites alter G protein-mediated signal transduction in heart. Effects on muscarinic K+ channels.
69  ACh-contracture and log
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EDL (1 time)
SOL (1 time)
1985 Acetylcholine-sensitivity in fast and slow twitch muscle of normal and dystrophic (C57 BL/6J dy2J/dy2J) mice.
70  ACh-dependent IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
LTC4 (1 time)
mAChR (1 time)
1993 Leukotriene C4 modulation of muscarinic K+ current activation in bullfrog atrial myocytes.
71  ACh-enhanced rate of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
INDO (1 time)
1990 Arachidonic acid metabolites alter G protein-mediated signal transduction in heart. Effects on muscarinic K+ channels.
72  ACh-evoked In
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
OHCs (1 time)
2000 Gentamicin blocks ACh-evoked K+ current in guinea-pig outer hair cells by impairing Ca2+ entry at the cholinergic receptor.
73  ACh-induced activation of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
1990 Mechanism of acetylcholine-induced inhibition of Ca current in bullfrog atrial myocytes.
74  ACh-induced IK
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
DOF (1 time)
Ibu (1 time)
2004 [Perspectives and limitations in the treatment of vagus-induced atrial fibrillation. Insights from cellular pharmacology].
75  ACh-mediated system consisting of acetylcholine
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AChR (1 time)
2008 Subcellular localization of overexpressed maize AChE gene in rice plant.
76  ACh. The effects of both ligands on IK
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
INSC (1 time)
LPC (1 time)
2016 Differential effects of lysophosphatidylcholine and ACh on muscarinic K(+),non-selective cation and Ca(2+) currents in guinea-pig atrial cells.
77  AChE activity and increased acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
BuChE (1 time)
2017 DL0410 Ameliorates Memory and Cognitive Impairments Induced by Scopolamine via Increasing Cholinergic Neurotransmission in Mice.
78  AChE and nAChR to acetylcholine
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
1995 Schistosoma: rate of glucose import is altered by acetylcholine interaction with tegumental acetylcholine receptors and acetylcholinesterase.
79  AChE elevated the acetylcholine
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1994 Expression of the acetylcholinesterase gene during development of drosophila embryos.
80  AChE hydrolyzes acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
Ch (1 time)
2016 Choline-induced selective fluorescence quenching of acetylcholinesterase conjugated Au@BSA clusters.
81  AChE inhibition builds sufficient acetylcholine
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
EPSCs (1 time)
nAChRs (1 time)
2013 Acetylcholinesterase inhibition reveals endogenous nicotinic modulation of glutamate inputs to CA1 stratum radiatum interneurons in hippocampal slices.
82  AChE modulators acetylcholine
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2016 Erythrocyte nitric oxide in glaucoma patients - ex vivo study.
83  AChE substrate, acetylcholine
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2018 Timolol effects on erythrocyte deformability and nitric oxide metabolism.
84  AChE with its substrate acetylcholine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
1996 Modification of acetylcholinesterase during adaptation to chronic, subacute paraoxon application in rat.
85  AChE-S, incapable of acetylcholine
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
DG (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
2008 Transgenic inactivation of acetylcholinesterase impairs homeostasis in mouse hippocampal granule cells.
86  achieved by either acetylcholine
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
8-Br cGMP (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
2001 Distribution of nitric oxide synthase and secretory role of exogenous nitric oxide in the isolated rat pancreas.
87  Achondroplasia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SSER (1 time)
1997 Early detection of neurological manifestations in achondroplasia.
88  acids comprising the orthosteric acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
mAChRs (1 time)
PAMs (1 time)
2010 Allosteric activators of muscarinic receptors as novel approaches for treatment of CNS disorders.
89  actin-enriched high-density fractions with acetylcholine
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
LF (1 time)
MO (1 time)
2018 Dietary fats modify vascular fat composition, eNOS localization within lipid rafts and vascular function in obesity.
90  action potential with increasing
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1990 A model of the muscarinic receptor-induced changes in K(+)-current and action potentials in the bullfrog atrial cell.
91  actions of hexamethonium, atropine, and 5-HT on I
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
2001 5-Hydroxytryptamine and atropine inhibit nicotinic receptors in submucosal neurons.
92  activate the inwardly rectifying potassium current IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1994 Differential effects of pertussis toxin on the muscarinic regulation of Ca2+ and K+ currents in frog cardiac myocytes.
93  activate the K
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1994 G-protein control of cardiac potassium channels.
94  activated by GTP gamma S, which evokes IK
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
MEG (1 time)
1998 Cocaine blockade of the acetylcholine-activated muscarinic K+ channel in ferret cardiac myocytes.
95  activated by Sph-1-P amounted to about 90% of the IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Sph-1-P (1 time)
1995 Activation of muscarinic K+ current in guinea-pig atrial myocytes by sphingosine-1-phosphate.
96  activating factor, like the classical agonists, causes opening of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Activation of muscarinic K+ current in guinea-pig atrial myocytes by a serum factor.
97  activation depends critically on cholinergic
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ECoG (1 time)
1998 Involvement of direct and indirect pathways in electrocorticographic activation.
98  activation of the K+
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1991 Mechanism of fluoride activation of G protein-gated muscarinic atrial K+ channels.
99  activator produced inhibition of I
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Decrease in acetylcholine-induced current by neomycin in PC12 cells.
100  activity located in the networks of cholinergic
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2009 A model for altered neural network dynamics related to prehension movements in Parkinson disease.