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Abbreviation: AD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Alzheimer's disease
(64660 times)
Neurology
(28202 times)
MCI (4652 times)
APP (3628 times)
CSF (2750 times)
0 Alzheimers disease: cost cuts call for novel drugs development and national strategy.
atopic dermatitis
(6973 times)
Dermatology
(2775 times)
IL (400 times)
SCORAD (349 times)
IgE (214 times)
1975 Atopic disease and serum immunoglobulin-E.
anaerobic digestion
(1040 times)
Environmental Health
(499 times)
VS (66 times)
FW (50 times)
VFA (46 times)
2000 Establishing procedures for design, operation and maintenance of sewage sludge anaerobic treatment plants.
alcohol dependence
(612 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(279 times)
PTSD (48 times)
SNPs (43 times)
GWAS (25 times)
1988 Alcoholism by Chinese diagnostic interview schedule: a prevalence and validity study.
axial diffusivity
(504 times)
Neurology
(143 times)
FA (435 times)
RD (431 times)
DTI (326 times)
2009 Assessing the effects of age on long white matter tracts using diffusion tensor tractography.
aortic dissection
(441 times)
Cardiology
(122 times)
IMH (45 times)
CT (29 times)
TEVAR (24 times)
1982 Computed tomography versus aortography in diagnosis of aortic dissection.
autosomal dominant
(330 times)
Genetics, Medical
(79 times)
AR (156 times)
HSP (20 times)
RP (20 times)
1980 [Medico-genetic study of the population of Turkmenistan. I. Hereditary diseases in 5 districts of the Ashkabad region].
antidepressant
(290 times)
Psychiatry
(112 times)
MDD (34 times)
SSRIs (21 times)
TRD (16 times)
1983 Reserpine-induced locomotor stimulation in mice chronically treated with typical and atypical antidepressants.
afterdischarge
(232 times)
Neurology
(132 times)
AM (13 times)
GABA (7 times)
GST (7 times)
1975 Post-activation potentiation and the kindling phenomenon.
10  advance directive
(201 times)
Nursing
(36 times)
ACP (69 times)
EOL (22 times)
OR (8 times)
1992 The oncology nurse's role in patient advance directives.
11  adenocarcinoma
(199 times)
Neoplasms
(109 times)
NSCLC (69 times)
SCC (59 times)
SQ (50 times)
1981 Chemotherapy for inoperable, non-small cell bronchogenic carcinoma: EST 2575, generation II.
12  adrenaline
(183 times)
Pharmacology
(42 times)
NA (111 times)
DA (42 times)
CA (12 times)
1976 The electrogenesis of adrenaline-hyperpolarization of sympathetic ganglion cells in bullfrogs.
13  autonomic dysreflexia
(181 times)
Neurology
(100 times)
SCI (127 times)
BP (27 times)
SBP (15 times)
1980 Incidence and clinical features of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury.
14  anxiety disorders
(178 times)
Psychiatry
(78 times)
MDD (25 times)
GAD (17 times)
OCD (14 times)
1989 Differential rates of urinary noradrenalin excretion in affective disorders: utility of a short time sampling procedure.
15  androstenedione
(160 times)
Biochemistry
(49 times)
DHEA (24 times)
SHBG (15 times)
DHT (13 times)
1976 A method for tissue extraction and determination of prostate concentrations of endogenous androgens by radioimmunoassay.
16  autistic disorder
(156 times)
Psychiatry
(68 times)
AsD (22 times)
PDD-NOS (21 times)
ADHD (8 times)
1989 A five-year follow-up of preschool children diagnosed as having an atypical pervasive developmental disorder.
17  autoimmune disease
(142 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(34 times)
SLE (16 times)
RA (12 times)
HSCT (11 times)
1986 Placental lesions in maternal autoimmune diseases.
18  Addison's disease
(117 times)
Endocrinology
(64 times)
T1DM (14 times)
T1D (10 times)
APS (6 times)
1976 Spastic paraplegia associated with Addison's disease: adult variant of adreno-leukodystrophy.
19  androgen deprivation
(105 times)
Neoplasms
(65 times)
RT (28 times)
PSA (27 times)
EBRT (15 times)
1997 PSA levels and the rate of positive surgical margins in radical prostatectomy specimens preceded by androgen blockade in clinical B2 (T2bNxMo) prostate cancer. The Lupron Depot Neoadjuvant Study Group.
20  activation domain
(87 times)
Molecular Biology
(30 times)
BD (11 times)
DBD (11 times)
LBD (4 times)
1993 Mouse monoclonal antibodies recognizing the activation domain of HIV-1 rev transactivator.
21  Aujeszky's disease
(78 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(63 times)
ADV (17 times)
PRV (12 times)
VN (6 times)
1978 Immunological experimental arthritis in pigs. III. Inflammatory reactions in the brain of pigs immunized with the attenuated virus of Aujeszky's disease.
22  applicability domain
(77 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
QSAR (24 times)
MLR (10 times)
QSPR (10 times)
2005 Statistically validated QSARs, based on theoretical descriptors, for modeling aquatic toxicity of organic chemicals in Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow).
23  adenosine
(76 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
ATP (9 times)
BF (9 times)
ADA (7 times)
1967 [Influence of adenosine (AD) and 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (AT) on growth and porphyrin synthesis from delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in Achromobacter metalcaligenes].
24  anterior deltoid
(71 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
EMG (19 times)
PM (18 times)
BB (16 times)
1987 Effects of arm acceleration and behavioral conditions on the organization of postural adjustments during arm flexion.
25  aortic distensibility
(71 times)
Cardiology
(28 times)
AS (17 times)
ASI (12 times)
LV (9 times)
1996 Evaluation of aortic distensibility in patients with coronary artery disease by use of cine magnetic resonance.
26  acute decompensation
(68 times)
Gastroenterology
(42 times)
ACLF (55 times)
MELD (7 times)
HBV (6 times)
2013 Acute-on-chronic liver failure is a distinct syndrome that develops in patients with acute decompensation of cirrhosis.
27  androgen-dependent
(68 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
AI (53 times)
AR (16 times)
PCa (14 times)
1990 Loss of androgen dependence is associated with an increase in tumorigenic stem cells and resistance to cell-death genes.
28  anoxic depolarization
(61 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
OGD (13 times)
SD (10 times)
fEPSPs (4 times)
1991 Depolarizing effects of anoxia on pyramidal cells of rat neocortex.
29  autonomic dysfunction
(61 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
HRV (13 times)
HR (9 times)
HRR (6 times)
1992 Autonomic dysfunction in systemic sclerosis: sympathetic overactivity and instability.
30  adjustment disorder
(60 times)
Psychiatry
(21 times)
PTSD (10 times)
MDD (6 times)
CG (3 times)
1987 Adjustment disorder as a marginal or transitional illness category in DSM-III.
31  4-androstene-3,17-dione
(55 times)
Microbiology
(21 times)
ADD (24 times)
KSH (5 times)
CDNB (3 times)
1983 1-Ene-steroid reductase of Mycobacterium sp. NRRL B-3805.
32  axillary dissection
(51 times)
Neoplasms
(34 times)
SLNB (11 times)
SNB (11 times)
SN (8 times)
0 [Preoperative Axillary Lymph Node Marking in Patients with Breast Cancer].
33  acute diverticulitis
(50 times)
Gastroenterology
(23 times)
DD (5 times)
CT (4 times)
CAD (3 times)
1999 Laparoscopic sigmoid resection for acute and chronic diverticulitis. An outcomes comparison with laparoscopic resection for nondiverticular disease.
34  adenoma
(48 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
CRC (17 times)
AC (6 times)
CA (6 times)
1986 Evaluation of radionuclide imaging and echography in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules.
35  absolute difference
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CI (4 times)
CC (3 times)
CT (3 times)
2000 Determination of left ventricular mass by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography: in vitro validation.
36  actinomycin D
(47 times)
Cell Biology
(11 times)
CHX (5 times)
CL (4 times)
7-AAD (3 times)
1973 Physiochemical characterization of a neonatal calf diarrhea virus.
37  acute diarrhea
(47 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
PD (8 times)
ARI (6 times)
EAEC (2 times)
1988 Risk assessment for acquiring meningitis tuberculosis among children not vaccinated with BCG: a case-control study.
38  androst-4-ene-3,17-dione
(46 times)
Microbiology
(19 times)
ADD (15 times)
KsdD (5 times)
TS (5 times)
1976 A synergistic effect of androgen on the stimulation of progesterone secretion by FSH in cultured rat granulosa cells.
39  adult
(41 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
NB (9 times)
Ch (5 times)
ML (4 times)
1982 Growth and functional activities of neonatal and adult rat hepatocytes cultured on fibronectin coated substratum in serum-free medium.
40  affective disorders
(41 times)
Psychiatry
(20 times)
BPAD (3 times)
PD (3 times)
SCZ (3 times)
1979 'Schizoaffective disorder': dead or alive?
41  Alzheimer's disease dementia
(41 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
MCI (12 times)
DLB (7 times)
aMCI (3 times)
1997 Caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease: some neglected implications of the experience of personal loss and grief.
42  Aleutian disease
(39 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
ADV (10 times)
AMDV (9 times)
CIEP (3 times)
1966 Aleutian disease in the ferret.
43  antidepressant drugs
(39 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
5-HT (4 times)
MDD (3 times)
NA (3 times)
1982 Atypical antidepressant drugs - psychopharmacological profile and mechanism of action.
44  atherogenic dyslipidemia
(39 times)
Metabolism
(8 times)
TG (12 times)
HDL-C (8 times)
LDL (6 times)
2003 Search for genetic factors predisposing to atherogenic dyslipidemia.
45  atherogenic diet
(38 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
ACh (2 times)
GK (2 times)
LDL (2 times)
1982 Effects of experimental atherosclerosis on cerebral blood flow in rabbits. Reversal by sorbinicate.
46  adriamycin
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CAT (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1976 Induction of DNA degradation in vivo by adriamycin.
47  adenosine deaminase
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
XO (12 times)
MDA (8 times)
NO (7 times)
1986 [Biochemical and functional characteristics of thymus and spleen lymphocytes in C3HA mice during the growth of hepatoma 22 and after immunization with sheep erythrocytes].
48  Asperger's disorder
(34 times)
Psychiatry
(21 times)
HFA (12 times)
TD (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
1999 Further evidence for a low body weight in male children and adolescents with Asperger's disorder.
49  aortic diameter
(33 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
AAA (8 times)
AAAs (6 times)
AP (3 times)
1988 [Physical properties of the aorta and left ventricular geometry evaluated by Doppler echocardiography in normal subjects].
50  agar dilution
(32 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
BMD (12 times)
DD (10 times)
CA (7 times)
1994 Major methodology-dependent discordant susceptibility results for Bacteroides fragilis group isolates but not other anaerobes.
51  Asian dust
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
CI (6 times)
NAD (4 times)
PM (4 times)
2003 The effects of Asian Dust on particulate matter fractionation in Seoul, Korea during spring 2001.
52  academic detailing
(31 times)
Health Services Research
(9 times)
GPs (3 times)
CFIR (2 times)
CRC (2 times)
1998 A randomized controlled trial of CQI teams and academic detailing: can they alter compliance with guidelines?
53  approximate digestibility
(31 times)
Zoology
(13 times)
ECD (19 times)
ECI (19 times)
RGR (14 times)
1979 Suitability, digestibility and assimilation of various host plants of the gypsy moth Lymantria dispar L.
54  active duty
(29 times)
Military Medicine
(18 times)
BMI (3 times)
NG (3 times)
ARNG (2 times)
1996 A retrospective analysis of the costs and consequences of a tobacco-cessation program for active duty service members.
55  amiodarone
(29 times)
Toxicology
(11 times)
AECII (2 times)
AIPT (2 times)
BAL (2 times)
1989 Photosensitivity and hyperpigmentation in amiodarone-treated patients: incidence, time course, and recovery.
56  aggregate data
(28 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
IPD (25 times)
NMA (4 times)
RCTs (4 times)
2005 An overview of methods and empirical comparison of aggregate data and individual patient data results for investigating heterogeneity in meta-analysis of time-to-event outcomes.
57  apparent digestibility
(28 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(17 times)
TD (6 times)
OM (5 times)
DM (3 times)
1981 Digestion in the pig between 7 and 35 d of age. 1. The performance of pigs given milk and soya-bean proteins.
58  adipose tissue
(27 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
BM (17 times)
MSCs (13 times)
UC (6 times)
2004 Restoration of early insulin secretion after a meal in type 2 diabetes: effects on lipid and glucose metabolism.
59  anterodorsal
(27 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
AV (17 times)
LD (5 times)
AM (4 times)
1985 [Effect of electric stimulation of cortical portions of the limbic system on the activity of neurons of the anterior thalamic nuclei in the rabbit].
60  abdominal diameter
(26 times)
Obstetrics
(16 times)
BPD (21 times)
FL (6 times)
AC (3 times)
1980 Ultrasonic diagnosis of intrauterine foetal growth retardation.
61  African descent
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
ED (24 times)
BMO (6 times)
ADAGES (4 times)
2008 Sequence variation in the human transcription factor gene POU5F1.
62  Alexander disease
(26 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
GFAP (12 times)
MRI (6 times)
AOAD (3 times)
1994 Prominent white matter cavitation in an infant with Alexander's disease.
63  amplitude death
(26 times)
Physics
(10 times)
OD (14 times)
OS (3 times)
NTAD (2 times)
2009 Dynamics of chaotic systems with attractive and repulsive couplings.
64  asymmetric dihydroxylation
(25 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
AE (2 times)
LDH (2 times)
beta-CD (1 time)
1997 Total Synthesis of (+)-Aspicilin. The Naked Carbon Skeleton Strategy vs the Bioorganic Approach.
65  adiponectin
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
RA (6 times)
CIA (5 times)
IR (5 times)
2006 Adiponectin is a candidate marker of metabolic syndrome in obese children and adolescents.
66  adult-directed
(24 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
ID (24 times)
ASD (1 time)
AV (1 time)
1990 Preference for infant-directed speech in the first month after birth.
67  adherent
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
NAD (9 times)
RPM (5 times)
MCS (4 times)
1978 Virus-replicating T cells in the immune response of mice. III. Role of vesicular stomatitis virus-replicating T cells in the antibody response.
68  antenatal depression
(23 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
EPDS (8 times)
AA (3 times)
BDI (2 times)
2006 Antenatal depression.
69  assistive device
(22 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
ADL (2 times)
LV (2 times)
UCA (2 times)
1989 Left ventricular function in patients with centrifugal left ventricular assist device.
70  adductor
(21 times)
Meat
(7 times)
SM (10 times)
LD (5 times)
BF (3 times)
1986 The effect of electrical stimulation on the quality of three bovine muscles.
71  amperometric detection
(21 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(20 times)
CE (3 times)
Cys (2 times)
pCEC (2 times)
1986 Determination of pentachlorophenol in wood samples using liquid chromatography with UV absorbance, amperometric and electron-capture detection.
72  atypical depression
(21 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
MDD (5 times)
BP-II (3 times)
MDE (3 times)
1991 Clinical significance of reversed vegetative subtypes of recurrent major depression.
73  absorbed dose
(20 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(11 times)
3D-RD (2 times)
BED (2 times)
CC (2 times)
2000 Biomonitoring and whole body cotton dosimetry to estimate potential human dermal exposure to semivolatile chemicals.
74  aerosol deposition
(20 times)
Nanotechnology
(6 times)
AcD (1 time)
Al2O3-PTFE (1 time)
CBRAM (1 time)
2011 High-performance laser mode-locker with glass-hosted SWNTs realized by room-temperature aerosol deposition.
75  angiodysplasia
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
GI (4 times)
VWD (3 times)
CRF (2 times)
1984 Small intestinal angiodysplasia in the elderly.
76  architectural distortion
(20 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
DBT (7 times)
US (5 times)
DDSM (4 times)
2006 A study on the computerized fractal analysis of architectural distortion in screening mammograms.
77  arterial duct
(20 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
PA (8 times)
CHD-DPC (4 times)
ADO II-AS (2 times)
1990 [Percutaneous balloon exploration and plug closure of arterial duct].
78  autogenic drainage
(20 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
CF (11 times)
PEP (5 times)
ACBT (4 times)
1990 Autogenic drainage: efficacy of a simplified method.
79  active disease
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
CD (2 times)
CR (2 times)
1995 Membrane-bound/soluble IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) and levels of IL-1 alpha, IL-2, and IL-6 in the serum and in the PBMC culture supernatants from 17 patients with hematological malignancies.
80  air drying
(19 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
FD (12 times)
VMD (5 times)
FTIR (2 times)
1999 Photocatalytic Properties of Titania Pillared Clays by Different Drying Methods.
81  ad libitum
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
CR (2 times)
PE (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
1991 Density of steam-flaked sorghum grain, roughage level, and feeding regimen for feedlot steers.
82  anisotropic diffusion
(18 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
ATM (3 times)
US (3 times)
LSC (2 times)
2001 An anisotropic diffusion method for denoising dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance images.
83  arterial diameter
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
PI (6 times)
RI (5 times)
BFV (2 times)
1991 Combined effects of nicardipine and hypocapnic alkalosis on cerebral vasomotor activity and intracranial pressure in man.
84  acetabular dysplasia
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
FAI (4 times)
OA (4 times)
DDH (3 times)
2008 Bilateral incidence and severity of acetabular dysplasia of the hip.
85  adefovir dipivoxil
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
HBV (4 times)
DSC (3 times)
SA (2 times)
2005 Adefovir dipivoxil therapy in liver transplant recipients with lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus.
86  antioxidant defense
(17 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
CAT (7 times)
GSH-Px (6 times)
GR (4 times)
1993 [Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defence in patients with pneumoconiosis and dust-induced bronchitis].
87  arginine deiminase
(17 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
ADS (4 times)
CK (4 times)
SAGP (3 times)
1980 The catabolism of arginine by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
88  analog-digital
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
APs (2 times)
d-ADF (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1972 Automatic character reading using a holographic data processing technique.
89  androgen deficiency
(15 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
TT (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
AMS (2 times)
2005 Adequacy of androgen replacement influences bone density response to testosterone in androgen-deficient men.
90  andrographolide
(15 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
NAD (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2011 A potential andrographolide analogue against the replication of herpes simplex virus type 1 in vero cells.
91  area density
(15 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CD (4 times)
CHD (2 times)
CML (2 times)
1988 Computer-assisted morphometric study of the innervation of the guinea pig heart.
92  associate degree
(14 times)
Nursing
(10 times)
AIs (1 time)
BS (1 time)
DDPN (1 time)
1975 [AD (associate degree) challenge exams: 2 approaches. I. Testing knowledge and skills. II. A 4-part examination].
93  abuse-deterrent
(13 times)
Psychophysiology
(5 times)
ER (10 times)
HME (3 times)
AQ (2 times)
2014 Formulation optimization of hot-melt extruded abuse deterrent pellet dosage form utilizing design of experiments.
94  AD group
(13 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(2 times)
IMH (6 times)
AA (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
1999 Frontotemporal dementia: An attempt at clinical characteristics.
95  allergic diseases
(13 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
ACD (1 time)
AD-A (1 time)
BES (1 time)
2002 Ulcerative colitis, seronegative spondyloarthropathies and allergic diseases: the search for a link.
96  alternate days
(13 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MCNS (2 times)
PL (2 times)
rhGH (2 times)
1981 Emergence of deprivation-induced drinking: implications for hypothalamically elicited behavior.
97  alternative donor
(13 times)
Hematology
(10 times)
GVHD (6 times)
MSD (6 times)
HSCT (5 times)
2002 Once-daily intravenous busulfan given with fludarabine as conditioning for allogeneic stem cell transplantation: study of pharmacokinetics and early clinical outcomes.
98  anaerobically digested
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
LS (4 times)
TD (3 times)
WWTP (2 times)
2008 Ethanol production from maize silage as lignocellulosic biomass in anaerobically digested and wet-oxidized manure.
99  autotrophic denitrification
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
HD (5 times)
AN (2 times)
HAD (2 times)
2011 Removal of highly elevated nitrate from drinking water by pH-heterogenized heterotrophic denitrification facilitated with ferrous sulfide-based autotrophic denitrification.
100  adipose-derived
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
MSCs (7 times)
BM (6 times)
MSC (2 times)
2012 Guided bone regeneration in pig calvarial bone defects using autologous mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells - a comparison of different tissue sources.