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Abbreviation: AD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Alzheimer's disease
(59484 times)
Neurology
(26697 times)
MCI (4203 times)
APP (3442 times)
CSF (2489 times)
0 Alzheimers disease: cost cuts call for novel drugs development and national strategy.
atopic dermatitis
(6355 times)
Dermatology
(2578 times)
IL (349 times)
SCORAD (313 times)
IgE (193 times)
1975 Atopic disease and serum immunoglobulin-E.
anaerobic digestion
(818 times)
Environmental Health
(389 times)
VS (52 times)
FW (40 times)
COD (36 times)
2000 Establishing procedures for design, operation and maintenance of sewage sludge anaerobic treatment plants.
alcohol dependence
(594 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(271 times)
PTSD (45 times)
SNPs (42 times)
GWAS (25 times)
1988 Alcoholism by Chinese diagnostic interview schedule: a prevalence and validity study.
axial diffusivity
(442 times)
Neurology
(129 times)
RD (382 times)
FA (380 times)
DTI (289 times)
2009 Assessing the effects of age on long white matter tracts using diffusion tensor tractography.
aortic dissection
(385 times)
Cardiology
(115 times)
IMH (37 times)
CT (27 times)
TEVAR (19 times)
1982 Computed tomography versus aortography in diagnosis of aortic dissection.
autosomal dominant
(310 times)
Genetics, Medical
(76 times)
AR (147 times)
HSP (20 times)
RP (19 times)
1980 [Medico-genetic study of the population of Turkmenistan. I. Hereditary diseases in 5 districts of the Ashkabad region].
antidepressant
(267 times)
Psychiatry
(103 times)
MDD (31 times)
SSRIs (19 times)
AP (14 times)
1983 Reserpine-induced locomotor stimulation in mice chronically treated with typical and atypical antidepressants.
afterdischarge
(229 times)
Neurology
(129 times)
AM (13 times)
GABA (7 times)
GST (7 times)
1975 Post-activation potentiation and the kindling phenomenon.
10  adenocarcinoma
(182 times)
Neoplasms
(104 times)
NSCLC (64 times)
SCC (51 times)
SQ (49 times)
1981 Chemotherapy for inoperable, non-small cell bronchogenic carcinoma: EST 2575, generation II.
11  adrenaline
(179 times)
Pharmacology
(42 times)
NA (110 times)
DA (40 times)
CA (12 times)
1976 The electrogenesis of adrenaline-hyperpolarization of sympathetic ganglion cells in bullfrogs.
12  advance directive
(179 times)
Nursing
(33 times)
ACP (58 times)
EOL (20 times)
CI (6 times)
1992 The oncology nurse's role in patient advance directives.
13  autonomic dysreflexia
(172 times)
Neurology
(96 times)
SCI (122 times)
BP (26 times)
SBP (14 times)
1980 Incidence and clinical features of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury.
14  anxiety disorders
(159 times)
Psychiatry
(72 times)
MDD (24 times)
GAD (12 times)
OCD (12 times)
1989 Differential rates of urinary noradrenalin excretion in affective disorders: utility of a short time sampling procedure.
15  androstenedione
(155 times)
Biochemistry
(48 times)
DHEA (23 times)
SHBG (15 times)
DHT (12 times)
1976 A method for tissue extraction and determination of prostate concentrations of endogenous androgens by radioimmunoassay.
16  autistic disorder
(155 times)
Psychiatry
(68 times)
AsD (21 times)
PDD-NOS (21 times)
ADHD (8 times)
1989 A five-year follow-up of preschool children diagnosed as having an atypical pervasive developmental disorder.
17  autoimmune diseases
(131 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(32 times)
SLE (16 times)
RA (12 times)
HSCT (11 times)
1986 Placental lesions in maternal autoimmune diseases.
18  Addison's disease
(108 times)
Endocrinology
(60 times)
T1DM (12 times)
T1D (9 times)
APS (6 times)
1976 Spastic paraplegia associated with Addison's disease: adult variant of adreno-leukodystrophy.
19  androgen deprivation
(103 times)
Neoplasms
(64 times)
RT (28 times)
PSA (27 times)
EBRT (14 times)
1997 PSA levels and the rate of positive surgical margins in radical prostatectomy specimens preceded by androgen blockade in clinical B2 (T2bNxMo) prostate cancer. The Lupron Depot Neoadjuvant Study Group.
20  activation domain
(87 times)
Molecular Biology
(30 times)
BD (12 times)
DBD (11 times)
LBD (4 times)
1993 Mouse monoclonal antibodies recognizing the activation domain of HIV-1 rev transactivator.
21  adenosine
(75 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
ATP (9 times)
BF (9 times)
ADA (7 times)
1967 [Influence of adenosine (AD) and 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (AT) on growth and porphyrin synthesis from delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in Achromobacter metalcaligenes].
22  Aujeszky's disease
(75 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(61 times)
ADV (17 times)
PRV (10 times)
VN (6 times)
1978 Immunological experimental arthritis in pigs. III. Inflammatory reactions in the brain of pigs immunized with the attenuated virus of Aujeszky's disease.
23  aortic distensibility
(67 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
AS (16 times)
ASI (11 times)
PWV (9 times)
1996 Evaluation of aortic distensibility in patients with coronary artery disease by use of cine magnetic resonance.
24  androgen-dependent
(65 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
AI (51 times)
AR (16 times)
PCa (11 times)
1990 Loss of androgen dependence is associated with an increase in tumorigenic stem cells and resistance to cell-death genes.
25  applicability domain
(65 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
QSAR (21 times)
MLR (10 times)
QSPR (9 times)
2005 Statistically validated QSARs, based on theoretical descriptors, for modeling aquatic toxicity of organic chemicals in Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow).
26  anoxic depolarization
(61 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
OGD (13 times)
SD (10 times)
fEPSPs (4 times)
1991 Depolarizing effects of anoxia on pyramidal cells of rat neocortex.
27  anterior deltoid
(61 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
EMG (17 times)
UT (16 times)
BB (14 times)
1987 Effects of arm acceleration and behavioral conditions on the organization of postural adjustments during arm flexion.
28  adjustment disorder
(59 times)
Psychiatry
(21 times)
PTSD (10 times)
MDD (6 times)
CG (3 times)
1987 Adjustment disorder as a marginal or transitional illness category in DSM-III.
29  autonomic dysfunction
(58 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
HRV (13 times)
HR (7 times)
MS (5 times)
1992 Autonomic dysfunction in systemic sclerosis: sympathetic overactivity and instability.
30  4-androstene-3,17-dione
(54 times)
Microbiology
(21 times)
ADD (24 times)
KSH (5 times)
CDNB (3 times)
1983 1-Ene-steroid reductase of Mycobacterium sp. NRRL B-3805.
31  acute decompensation
(51 times)
Gastroenterology
(33 times)
ACLF (43 times)
HBV (6 times)
MELD (5 times)
2013 Acute-on-chronic liver failure is a distinct syndrome that develops in patients with acute decompensation of cirrhosis.
32  axillary dissection
(48 times)
Neoplasms
(32 times)
SLNB (10 times)
SNB (10 times)
SN (8 times)
0 [Preoperative Axillary Lymph Node Marking in Patients with Breast Cancer].
33  actinomycin D
(47 times)
Cell Biology
(11 times)
CHX (5 times)
CL (4 times)
7-AAD (3 times)
1973 Physiochemical characterization of a neonatal calf diarrhea virus.
34  adenoma
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CRC (14 times)
AC (6 times)
CA (5 times)
1986 Evaluation of radionuclide imaging and echography in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules.
35  androst-4-ene-3,17-dione
(44 times)
Microbiology
(18 times)
ADD (14 times)
KsdD (5 times)
TS (5 times)
1976 A synergistic effect of androgen on the stimulation of progesterone secretion by FSH in cultured rat granulosa cells.
36  absolute difference
(43 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CI (4 times)
CT (3 times)
RR (3 times)
2000 Determination of left ventricular mass by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography: in vitro validation.
37  acute diarrhea
(43 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
PD (8 times)
ARI (6 times)
EAEC (2 times)
1988 Risk assessment for acquiring meningitis tuberculosis among children not vaccinated with BCG: a case-control study.
38  adult
(41 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
NB (9 times)
Ch (5 times)
ML (4 times)
1982 Growth and functional activities of neonatal and adult rat hepatocytes cultured on fibronectin coated substratum in serum-free medium.
39  Aleutian disease
(39 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
ADV (10 times)
AMDV (9 times)
CIEP (3 times)
1966 Aleutian disease in the ferret.
40  antidepressant drugs
(39 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
5-HT (4 times)
MDD (3 times)
NA (3 times)
1982 Atypical antidepressant drugs - psychopharmacological profile and mechanism of action.
41  acute diverticulitis
(38 times)
Gastroenterology
(17 times)
CT (3 times)
DD (3 times)
CAD (2 times)
1999 Laparoscopic sigmoid resection for acute and chronic diverticulitis. An outcomes comparison with laparoscopic resection for nondiverticular disease.
42  adriamycin
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CAT (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1976 Induction of DNA degradation in vivo by adriamycin.
43  affective disorders
(38 times)
Psychiatry
(19 times)
BPAD (3 times)
PD (3 times)
SCZ (3 times)
1979 'Schizoaffective disorder': dead or alive?
44  atherogenic diet
(37 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
ACh (2 times)
GK (2 times)
LDL (2 times)
1982 Effects of experimental atherosclerosis on cerebral blood flow in rabbits. Reversal by sorbinicate.
45  atherogenic dyslipidemia
(37 times)
Metabolism
(8 times)
TG (11 times)
HDL-C (8 times)
LDL (6 times)
2003 Search for genetic factors predisposing to atherogenic dyslipidemia.
46  Alzheimer's disease dementia
(34 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
MCI (10 times)
DLB (7 times)
aMCI (3 times)
2008 Emerging concepts of how beta-amyloid proteins and pro-inflammatory cytokines might collaborate to produce an 'Alzheimer brain' (Review).
47  Asperger's disorder
(34 times)
Psychiatry
(21 times)
HFA (12 times)
TD (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
1999 Further evidence for a low body weight in male children and adolescents with Asperger's disorder.
48  adenosine deaminase
(33 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
XO (12 times)
MDA (8 times)
NO (7 times)
1986 [Biochemical and functional characteristics of thymus and spleen lymphocytes in C3HA mice during the growth of hepatoma 22 and after immunization with sheep erythrocytes].
49  aortic diameter
(31 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
AAA (7 times)
AAAs (6 times)
AP (3 times)
1988 [Physical properties of the aorta and left ventricular geometry evaluated by Doppler echocardiography in normal subjects].
50  active duty
(29 times)
Military Medicine
(18 times)
BMI (3 times)
NG (3 times)
ARNG (2 times)
1996 A retrospective analysis of the costs and consequences of a tobacco-cessation program for active duty service members.
51  agar dilution
(29 times)
Microbiology
(13 times)
BMD (10 times)
DD (9 times)
CA (4 times)
1994 Major methodology-dependent discordant susceptibility results for Bacteroides fragilis group isolates but not other anaerobes.
52  Asian dust
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
CI (4 times)
NAD (4 times)
PM (4 times)
2003 The effects of Asian Dust on particulate matter fractionation in Seoul, Korea during spring 2001.
53  amiodarone
(28 times)
Toxicology
(11 times)
AIPT (2 times)
BAL (2 times)
BLM (2 times)
1989 Photosensitivity and hyperpigmentation in amiodarone-treated patients: incidence, time course, and recovery.
54  approximate digestibility
(28 times)
Zoology
(13 times)
ECD (18 times)
ECI (18 times)
RGR (12 times)
1979 Suitability, digestibility and assimilation of various host plants of the gypsy moth Lymantria dispar L.
55  aggregate data
(27 times)
Statistics as Topic
(7 times)
IPD (24 times)
NMA (4 times)
RCTs (4 times)
2005 An overview of methods and empirical comparison of aggregate data and individual patient data results for investigating heterogeneity in meta-analysis of time-to-event outcomes.
56  academic detailing
(26 times)
Health Services Research
(9 times)
GPs (3 times)
CFIR (2 times)
CRC (2 times)
1998 A randomized controlled trial of CQI teams and academic detailing: can they alter compliance with guidelines?
57  Alexander disease
(26 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
GFAP (12 times)
MRI (6 times)
AOAD (3 times)
1994 Prominent white matter cavitation in an infant with Alexander's disease.
58  amplitude death
(26 times)
Physics
(10 times)
OD (14 times)
OS (3 times)
NTAD (2 times)
2009 Dynamics of chaotic systems with attractive and repulsive couplings.
59  apparent digestibility
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
TD (6 times)
OM (5 times)
DM (3 times)
1981 Digestion in the pig between 7 and 35 d of age. 1. The performance of pigs given milk and soya-bean proteins.
60  abdominal diameter
(25 times)
Obstetrics
(15 times)
BPD (20 times)
FL (6 times)
LGA (3 times)
1980 Ultrasonic diagnosis of intrauterine foetal growth retardation.
61  anterodorsal
(25 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
AV (16 times)
LD (5 times)
AM (3 times)
1985 [Effect of electric stimulation of cortical portions of the limbic system on the activity of neurons of the anterior thalamic nuclei in the rabbit].
62  asymmetric dihydroxylation
(25 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
AE (2 times)
LDH (2 times)
beta-CD (1 time)
1997 Total Synthesis of (+)-Aspicilin. The Naked Carbon Skeleton Strategy vs the Bioorganic Approach.
63  African descent
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
ED (22 times)
BMO (6 times)
ADAGES (4 times)
2008 Sequence variation in the human transcription factor gene POU5F1.
64  adherent
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
NAD (8 times)
RPM (5 times)
MCS (4 times)
1978 Virus-replicating T cells in the immune response of mice. III. Role of vesicular stomatitis virus-replicating T cells in the antibody response.
65  adiponectin
(22 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
RA (6 times)
CIA (5 times)
IR (5 times)
2006 Adiponectin is a candidate marker of metabolic syndrome in obese children and adolescents.
66  amperometric detection
(22 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(21 times)
CE (3 times)
CYS (2 times)
CZE (2 times)
1986 Determination of pentachlorophenol in wood samples using liquid chromatography with UV absorbance, amperometric and electron-capture detection.
67  adductor
(21 times)
Meat
(7 times)
SM (10 times)
LD (5 times)
BF (3 times)
1986 The effect of electrical stimulation on the quality of three bovine muscles.
68  adipose tissue
(21 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
BM (12 times)
MSCs (10 times)
UC (4 times)
2004 Restoration of early insulin secretion after a meal in type 2 diabetes: effects on lipid and glucose metabolism.
69  adult-directed
(21 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
ID (21 times)
ASD (1 time)
AV (1 time)
1990 Preference for infant-directed speech in the first month after birth.
70  assistive devices
(21 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
ADL (2 times)
LV (2 times)
UCA (2 times)
1989 Left ventricular function in patients with centrifugal left ventricular assist device.
71  atypical depression
(21 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
MDD (5 times)
BP-II (3 times)
MDE (3 times)
1991 Clinical significance of reversed vegetative subtypes of recurrent major depression.
72  aerosol deposition
(20 times)
Nanotechnology
(6 times)
AcD (1 time)
Al2O3-PTFE (1 time)
CBRAM (1 time)
2011 High-performance laser mode-locker with glass-hosted SWNTs realized by room-temperature aerosol deposition.
73  angiodysplasia
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
GI (4 times)
VWD (3 times)
CRF (2 times)
1984 Small intestinal angiodysplasia in the elderly.
74  antenatal depression
(20 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
EPDS (6 times)
AA (3 times)
BDI (2 times)
2006 Antenatal depression.
75  absorbed dose
(19 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(10 times)
3D-RD (2 times)
BED (2 times)
CC (2 times)
2000 Biomonitoring and whole body cotton dosimetry to estimate potential human dermal exposure to semivolatile chemicals.
76  architectural distortion
(19 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
DBT (6 times)
DDSM (4 times)
US (4 times)
2006 A study on the computerized fractal analysis of architectural distortion in screening mammograms.
77  autogenic drainage
(19 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
CF (10 times)
PEP (5 times)
ACBT (4 times)
1990 Autogenic drainage: efficacy of a simplified method.
78  anisotropic diffusion
(18 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
ATM (3 times)
US (3 times)
LSC (2 times)
2001 An anisotropic diffusion method for denoising dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance images.
79  active disease
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
CR (2 times)
HNSCC (2 times)
1995 Membrane-bound/soluble IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) and levels of IL-1 alpha, IL-2, and IL-6 in the serum and in the PBMC culture supernatants from 17 patients with hematological malignancies.
80  air-drying
(17 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
FD (12 times)
VMD (5 times)
IR (2 times)
1999 Photocatalytic Properties of Titania Pillared Clays by Different Drying Methods.
81  antioxidant defense
(17 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
CAT (7 times)
GSH-Px (6 times)
GR (4 times)
1993 [Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defence in patients with pneumoconiosis and dust-induced bronchitis].
82  arginine deiminase
(17 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
ADS (4 times)
CK (4 times)
SAGP (3 times)
1980 The catabolism of arginine by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
83  arterial diameter
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
PI (6 times)
RI (5 times)
BFV (2 times)
1991 Combined effects of nicardipine and hypocapnic alkalosis on cerebral vasomotor activity and intracranial pressure in man.
84  arterial duct
(17 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
PA (7 times)
CHD-DPC (4 times)
ADO II-AS (2 times)
1990 [Percutaneous balloon exploration and plug closure of arterial duct].
85  acetabular dysplasia
(16 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
OA (4 times)
DDH (3 times)
FAI (3 times)
2008 Bilateral incidence and severity of acetabular dysplasia of the hip.
86  adefovir dipivoxil
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
HBV (4 times)
DSC (3 times)
SA (2 times)
2005 Adefovir dipivoxil therapy in liver transplant recipients with lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus.
87  ad libitum
(15 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
CR (2 times)
PE (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
1991 Density of steam-flaked sorghum grain, roughage level, and feeding regimen for feedlot steers.
88  analog-digital
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
APs (2 times)
d-ADF (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1972 Automatic character reading using a holographic data processing technique.
89  area density
(15 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CD (4 times)
CHD (2 times)
CML (2 times)
1988 Computer-assisted morphometric study of the innervation of the guinea pig heart.
90  associate degree
(14 times)
Nursing
(10 times)
AIs (1 time)
BS (1 time)
DDPN (1 time)
1975 [AD (associate degree) challenge exams: 2 approaches. I. Testing knowledge and skills. II. A 4-part examination].
91  andrographolide
(13 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
RA (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
2011 A potential andrographolide analogue against the replication of herpes simplex virus type 1 in vero cells.
92  anxiety/depression
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
UA (5 times)
MO (4 times)
PD (4 times)
2007 [Depressive syndrome in gastroenterology: diagnosis and treatment].
93  abuse-deterrent
(12 times)
Psychophysiology
(5 times)
ER (9 times)
AQ (2 times)
HME (2 times)
2014 Formulation optimization of hot-melt extruded abuse deterrent pellet dosage form utilizing design of experiments.
94  alternate days
(12 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
MCNS (2 times)
PL (2 times)
rhGH (2 times)
1981 Emergence of deprivation-induced drinking: implications for hypothalamically elicited behavior.
95  alternative donor
(12 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
MSD (6 times)
GVHD (5 times)
HSCT (5 times)
2002 Once-daily intravenous busulfan given with fludarabine as conditioning for allogeneic stem cell transplantation: study of pharmacokinetics and early clinical outcomes.
96  anaerobically digested
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
LS (4 times)
TD (3 times)
WWTP (2 times)
2008 Ethanol production from maize silage as lignocellulosic biomass in anaerobically digested and wet-oxidized manure.
97  androgen deficiency
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
BMI (3 times)
TT (3 times)
AMS (2 times)
2005 Adequacy of androgen replacement influences bone density response to testosterone in androgen-deficient men.
98  ablation depth
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
CH (6 times)
CRF (6 times)
CCT (5 times)
2008 Corneal biomechanical measurements before and after laser in situ keratomileusis.
99  AD group
(11 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
IMH (6 times)
AA (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
1999 Frontotemporal dementia: An attempt at clinical characteristics.
100  adipose
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
BM (8 times)
MSCs (8 times)
WJ (2 times)
2007 Tissue-specific variation in expression of prolactin receptor gene subtypes in hypergravity-exposed rats.