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Abbreviation: ADA
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Long forms: 166

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
adenosine deaminase
(2306 times)
Biochemistry
(257 times)
PNP (129 times)
SCID (129 times)
TB (62 times)
1969 Further data on the adenosine deaminase (ADA) polymprphism and a report of a new phenotype.
American Diabetes Association
(1120 times)
Endocrinology
(321 times)
WHO (104 times)
OGTT (96 times)
IFG (82 times)
0 Comparison of glycated haemoglobin and fasting blood glucose in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetes in a cohort of obese patients.
adalimumab
(412 times)
Rheumatology
(128 times)
Ifx (146 times)
RA (110 times)
CD (85 times)
2006 Inhibition of anti-tuberculosis T-lymphocyte function with tumour necrosis factor antagonists.
anti-drug antibodies
(305 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(80 times)
PK (38 times)
RA (20 times)
mAbs (15 times)
1977 Evaluation of 125I-DNA for detecting anti-DNA antibodies in the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus.
Americans with Disabilities Act
(239 times)
Jurisprudence
(41 times)
EEOC (16 times)
FMLA (4 times)
HIV (4 times)
1990 Making non-discriminatory fitness-for-duty decisions about persons with disabilities under the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act.
adenosine deaminase activity
(51 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
CSF (9 times)
TBM (8 times)
PCR (3 times)
1976 Adenosine deaminase activity in thymus and other human tissues.
adenosine deaminase gene
(24 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
neo (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
TB (2 times)
1986 Chromosome anomalies associated with amplification of the adenosine deaminase gene (ADA) in rat hepatoma cells.
azodicarbonamide
(18 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
NNRTIs (4 times)
NRTIs (4 times)
PIs (4 times)
1987 Acute inhalation exposure of azodicarbonamide in the guinea pig.
alginate dialdehyde
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
FTIR (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
Gel (2 times)
2012 pH- and redox-responsive polysaccharide-based microcapsules with autofluorescence for biomedical applications.
10  alcohol dependence/abuse
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
DSM-III-R (2 times)
KSP (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1996 To what extent is female alcohol dependence and abuse known in the health care system? The use of multi-source information in a Swedish population survey.
11  anterior descending artery
(14 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
RCA (3 times)
AMI (2 times)
CABG (1 time)
1975 [Pre-infarction syndrome involving the anterior interventricular artery. Therapeutic and diagnostic considerations].
12  Ado deaminase
(11 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ADO (9 times)
ACh (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1992 Further studies of the mechanism(s) of polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-mediated increases in intracellular cAMP formation in N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells.
13  adenosine deaminase deficiency
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
SCID (4 times)
PID (2 times)
AK2 (1 time)
1990 A case of osteoporosis associated with adenosine deaminase deficiency.
14  adolescent dating abuse
(9 times)
Violence
(4 times)
CM (1 time)
DAPAS (1 time)
SRO (1 time)
2015 Adolescent Pornography Use and Dating Violence among a Sample of Primarily Black and Hispanic, Urban-Residing, Underage Youth.
15  adamantine
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
beta-CD (4 times)
ADA-Ab (1 time)
bpy (1 time)
2009 Ir(III) and Ru(II) complexes containing triazole-pyridine ligands: luminescence enhancement upon substitution with beta-cyclodextrin.
16  adapalene
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
BPO (1 time)
CDK2 (1 time)
2003 The synthetic retinoid adapalene inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells in vitro.
17  1-adamantylamine
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
bzac (1 time)
CD-mPEG (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
2010 Recognition-mediated activation of therapeutic gold nanoparticles inside living cells.
18  acellular dermal allograft
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
EEA (1 time)
LDT (1 time)
PPC (1 time)
2012 Closure of the abdominal wall with acellular dermal allograft in intestinal transplantation.
19  Active Duty Army
(5 times)
Military Medicine
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
KI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2011 Rates of ankle and foot injuries in active-duty U.S. Army soldiers, 2000-2006.
20  adipic acid
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
AzA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BTaB (1 time)
1989 Azelaic acid: mode of action at cellular and subcellular levels.
21  ampicillin dextrin agar
(5 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
FAME (2 times)
SAA (2 times)
AFLP (1 time)
1995 Media for Aeromonas spp., Plesiomonas shigelloides and Pseudomonas spp. from food and environment.
22  anti-drug Ab
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
Abs (1 time)
ECL (1 time)
FFP (1 time)
2014 Transient low-dose methotrexate generates B regulatory cells that mediate antigen-specific tolerance to alglucosidase alfa.
23  N-(2-acetamido)iminodiacetic acid
(5 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
CZE (1 time)
DPA (1 time)
DPTA (1 time)
1982 Iminodiacetate complexes of technetium: an electrochemical study.
24  adaptive combination of P-values
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
ADABF (1 time)
BE (1 time)
BF (1 time)
2016 Beyond Rare-Variant Association Testing: Pinpointing Rare Causal Variants in Case-Control Sequencing Study.
25  agar diffusion assay
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BDA (1 time)
EMD (1 time)
LAB (1 time)
2000 Organotypic cultures of gingival cells: an epithelial model to assess putative local effects of orthodontic plate and occlusal splint materials under more tissue-like conditions.
26  antidiabetic agents
(4 times)
Diabetes Complications
(1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
AGI (1 time)
1990 [The forensic chemical determination of antidiabetic agents].
27  12-aminododecanoic acid
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AAAs (1 time)
ABA (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2006 Poly(ethylene terephthalate)/clay nanocomposites based on aminododecanoic acid-modified clay: effect of compatibilizer reactivity on clay dispersion.
28  A. D'Angelo
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
hCG (3 times)
IVF (3 times)
NNA (3 times)
2002 Embryo freezing for preventing Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome.
29  Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
2AA (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AF-2 (1 time)
2011 Mutagenicity and anti-mutagenicity of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus.
30  acetaldehyde
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
FDA (3 times)
DNPH (2 times)
LPO (2 times)
1993 Estimation of the extent of lipid peroxidation in the ischemic and reperfused heart by monitoring lipid metabolic products with the aid of high-performance liquid chromatography.
31  adenosine dehydrogenase
(3 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
CEA (2 times)
LDH (2 times)
MPEs (2 times)
2011 Diagnostic value of interleukin 22 and carcinoembryonic antigen in tuberculous and malignant pleural effusions.
32  adenosine-2,3-dialdehyde
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
SAH (2 times)
AdoHcy (1 time)
DPI (1 time)
2005 Intracellular S-adenosylhomocysteine increased levels are associated with DNA hypomethylation in HUVEC.
33  amantadine
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CNGs (1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2014 Fast and high throughput screening ofamantadine in chicken muscle by extractive derivatization with pentafluorobenzoyl chloride and gas chromatography/negative ion chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometry.
34  anthracene-2,3-dialdehyde
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
NDA (3 times)
CSPs (1 time)
OPA (1 time)
1990 Naphthalene- and anthracene-2,3-dialdehyde as precolumn labelling reagents for primary amines using reversed- and normal-phase liquid chromatography with peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence detection.
35  anti-digoxin antiserum
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MI-R (2 times)
EDLC (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
2004 Endoxin antagonist lessens myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury.
36  anti-donor antibody
(3 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
AHR (1 time)
ALG (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1997 Postoperative production of anti-donor antibody and chronic rejection in renal transplantation.
37  antidiuretic activity
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
PO/AH (1 time)
1977 Renal function changes during preoptic-anterior hypothalamic heating in the rabbit.
38  aortic dissecting aneurysm
(3 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ARI (1 time)
DTAA (1 time)
EVR (1 time)
1987 [Dissecting aortic aneurysm].
39  aortic dissection type A
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
BMI (2 times)
2018 Outcome After Operation for Aortic Dissection Type A in Morbidly Obese Patients.
40  Australian Dental Association
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 2012 Expertise regarding dental management of oral cancer patients receiving radiation therapy among Western Australian dentists.
41  average daily attendance
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
CBPR (1 time)
ER (1 time)
HVAC (1 time)
2004 Associations between classroom CO2 concentrations and student attendance in Washington and Idaho.
42  acute drug administration
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AED (1 time)
BZD (1 time)
CLB (1 time)
2011 Acute administration of benzodiazepines as part of treatment strategies for epilepsy.
43  AdaBoost
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BAG (2 times)
SVM (2 times)
ARG (1 time)
2015 Recognizing common CT imaging signs of lung diseases through a new feature selection method based on Fisher criterion and genetic optimization.
44  Adacolumn
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AN69 (1 time)
GMA (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2015 Novel Blood Purification System for Regulating Excessive Immune Reactions in Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock: An Ex Vivo Pilot Study.
45  adaptive discriminant analysis
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CART (1 time)
LDA (1 time)
2005 From projection pursuit and CART to adaptive discriminant analysis?
46  adenylate deaminase
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
EAE (1 time)
1996 Protective effect of adenylate deaminase (from Penicillium lanoso-viride) against acute infections in mice.
47  Adjustment disorder with anxiety
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
HAD (1 time)
HAM-A (1 time)
2013 [Adjustment disorders with anxiety. Clinical and psychometric characteristics in patients consulting a general practitioner].
48  adolescent dating aggression
(2 times)
Violence
(1 time)
ADV (1 time)
2000 An empirical study of adolescent dating aggression in the U.K.
49  adrenic acid
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ARA (2 times)
PUFA (2 times)
14-HDHA (1 time)
2010 High level production of adrenic acid in Physcomitrella patens using the algae Pavlova sp. Delta(5)-elongase gene.
50  alanine dipeptide analogue
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2004 Amide I vibrational circular dichroism of dipeptide: Conformation dependence and fragment analysis.
51  american dermatological association
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 1999 HISTORICAL NOTE: carl heitzmann (1836-1896) and the american dermatological association (ADA)
52  amplified DNA assay
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
GST-GCN4 (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
PCRs (1 time)
1989 Colorimetric detection of specific DNA segments amplified by polymerase chain reactions.
53  anatomically driven direct approach
(2 times)
Esthetics, Dental
(1 time)
--- 2018 Conservative restoration of the worn dentition - the anatomically driven direct approach (ADA).
54  anomalous diffraction approximation
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
min (1 time)
SPM (1 time)
2000 Determination of the aerosol size distribution by analytic inversion of the extinction spectrum in the complex anomalous diffraction approximation.
55  antibody, adalimumab
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
TNF (2 times)
FCM (1 time)
2014 Periodontal and serum protein profiles in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with tumor necrosis factor inhibitor adalimumab.
56  Aza-Diels-Alder
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ASM (1 time)
EDA (1 time)
iADA (1 time)
2012 Iminium ions as dienophiles in Aza-Diels-Alder reactions: a closer look.
57  beta-alaninediacetic acid
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DTPA (1 time)
DTPMP (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2001 Decomposition of beta-alaninediacetic acid and diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic acid by hydrogen peroxide in alkaline conditions.
58  ecto-adenosine deaminase
(2 times)
Receptors, Purinergic
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
DPP-IV (1 time)
ecto-ADA (1 time)
1996 Effect of deoxycoformycin and Val-boroPro on the associated catalytic activities of lymphocyte CD26 and ecto-adenosine deaminase.
59  PIA-aminodiacetic acid
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ID (1 time)
TSAT (1 time)
2004 Modelling of the acid-base properties of natural and synthetic adsorbent materials used for heavy metal removal from aqueous solutions.
60  1-adamantane carboxylic acid
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
2018 Effect of Dimethyl Sulfoxide on the Binding of 1-Adamantane Carboxylic Acid to beta- and gamma-Cyclodextrins.
61  1-adamantyl
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Ara test (1 time)
NFX (1 time)
1995 Role of classical nitroreductase and O-acetyltransferase on the mutagenicity of nifurtimox and eight derivatives in Salmonella typhimurium.
62  2-(4-Antipyrinylazo)-5-Dimethylaminoaniline
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Study on solid phase extraction spectrophotometric determination of copper(II) with 2-(4-antipyrinylazo)-5-dimethylaminoaniline].
63  2-(6-(4-aminostyryl)-1,3-dioxo-1H-benzo(de)isoquinolin-2(3H)-yl)-N, N-dimethylethanamine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
de (1 time)
ICT (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2017 A fluorescent pH probe for acidic organelles in living cells.
64  4,4'-azodianiline
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CHIQ (1 time)
DHB-AP (1 time)
2008 Identification of low molecular weight carbohydrates employing new binary mixtures for matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry.
65  4-amino-N, N-diethylaniline
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
CTAB (1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
2006 Production, properties and application to biocatalysis of a novel extracellular alkaline phenol oxidase from the thermophilic fungus Scytalidium thermophilum.
66  absence of the ductus arteriosus
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Angiographic evidence of absent ductus arteriosus in severe right ventricular outflow obstruction.
67  absolute dense breast area
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2018 Assessment of mammographic breast density after sleeve gastrectomy.
68  Academy of Dispensing Audiologists
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
ASHA (1 time)
CCC-A (1 time)
1998 Position statement and guidelines on support personnel in audiology. American Speech-Language Hearing Association.
69  Acanthopanax divaricatus (Siebold & Zucc.) Seem. var. albeofructus
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Subchronic Oral Toxicity Study of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus in Rats.
70  acetate differential agar
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
SCM (1 time)
1966 Comparison of acetate differential agar with sellers citrate-mannitol-agar.
71  acetyl deacylasadisulfide
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2017 The Hydrogen Sulfide Releasing Molecule Acetyl Deacylasadisulfide Inhibits Metastatic Melanoma.
72  acoustic detection of intracranial aneurysms
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
MDE (1 time)
PM (1 time)
1996 Acoustic detection of intracranial aneurysms: a decision analysis.
73  acquired dietary allowance
(1 time)
Family Practice
(1 time)
DMFT (1 time)
NAR (1 time)
PG (1 time)
2019 Analysis of food frequency and acquired dietary allowance (ADA) in relation to dental caries and dental erosion affecting dental postgraduate students of Sawangi: A cross-sectional survey.
74  activated drotrecogin alfa
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FS (1 time)
tPA (1 time)
2010 A comparison of three fibrinolytic agents in prevention of intra-abdominal adhesions.
75  Active droplet-array
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Active droplet-array (ADA) microfluidics enables multiplexed complex bioassays for point of care testing.
76  activity of deaminase adenosine
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
2017 Occurrence of oxidative stress in dairy cows seropositives for Brucella abortus.
77  actual dehydrogenase activity
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
EISQ (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2013 Use of enzymatic tools for biomonitoring inorganic pollution in aquatic sediments: a case study (Bor, Serbia).
78  acupuncture and drug anesthesia
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
MIA (1 time)
2015 [Clinical research of lung resection surgery with microinjection acupuncture and drug anesthesia instead of traditional acupuncture anesthesia].
79  ADA (CADA) that was calculated using the formula: K
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CADA (1 time)
2009 [The diagnostic value of adenosine deaminase coefficient in patients with tuberculous exudative pleurisy].
80  ADA gene
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
1998 Visible integration of the adenosine deaminase (ADA) gene into the recipient genome after gene therapy.
81  ADA-202-718
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CsA (1 time)
SRBC (1 time)
1989 Alleviation of cyclosporin-induced immune suppression by the cytokine inducer ADA-202-718.
82  adamantane ammonium
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
HDA (1 time)
NR (1 time)
2017 Cucurbit[7]uril Enables Multi-Stimuli-Responsive Release from the Self-Assembled Hydrophobic Phase of a Metal Organic Polyhedron.
83  adamantane carboxylate sodium
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DCA (1 time)
2011 Fluorescent beta-cyclodextrins modified by isomeric aminobenzamides: synthesis, conformational analysis, and fluorescent behaviors.
84  adamantane groups
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2013 Vesicular gold assemblies based on host-guest inclusion and its controllable release of doxorubicin.
85  adamantane-bis(diamine) conjugate
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
siRNA (1 time)
2016 Polysaccharide Nanoparticles for Efficient siRNA Targeting in Cancer Cells by Supramolecular pKa Shift.
86  adamantyl group
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Polymeric self-assembly into micelles and hollow spheres with multiscale cavities driven by inclusion complexation.
87  adaptive demodulating accuracy
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
CNN (1 time)
2018 Joint atmospheric turbulence detection and adaptive demodulation technique using the CNN for the OAM-FSO communication.
88  adaptive detrend algorithm
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
TEPs (1 time)
2017 TMS-evoked long-lasting artefacts: A new adaptive algorithm for EEG signal correction.
89  adaptive LASSO
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MCP (1 time)
NSC (1 time)
SCAD (1 time)
2017 Nearest shrunken centroids via alternative genewise shrinkages.
90  adenosine activity
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
IGRAs (1 time)
NAATs (1 time)
2011 [Role of biomarkers in making the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy].
91  adenosine deaminase determination
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 [Pleural tuberculosis in a hospital in Northeast Argentina].
92  adenosine deaminase inhibitor
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Susceptibility of Trypanosoma evansi to cordycepin.
93  adenosine monophosphate deaminase
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
HxR (1 time)
2017 The impact of stunning methods on stress conditions and quality of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) fillets stored at 4C during 72h postmortem.
94  adenylation activating
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Activity of alpha-Aminoadipate Reductase Depends on the N-Terminally Extending Domain.
95  adequate adherence
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
GFD (1 time)
IADA (1 time)
2014 Histological recovery and gluten-free diet adherence: a prospective 1-year follow-up study of adult patients with coeliac disease.
96  adipocytes with constitutively active Foxol
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
IGF-I (1 time)
IGF-IR (1 time)
UCP1 (1 time)
2004 Susceptibility to apoptosis in insulin-like growth factor-I receptor-deficient brown adipocytes.
97  adjusting-delayed-amount
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AIA (1 time)
2012 Estimating the subjective value of future rewards: comparison of adjusting-amount and adjusting-delay procedures.
98  adjuvant activity
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
LAL (1 time)
1992 Molecular requirements of endotoxin (ET) actions: changes in the immune adjuvant, TNF liberating and toxic properties of endotoxin during alkaline hydrolysis.
99  administered adalimumab
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
SDAI (1 time)
TCZ (1 time)
2013 Positive synovial vascularity in patients with low disease activity indicates smouldering inflammation leading to joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis: time-integrated joint inflammation estimated by synovial vascularity in each finger joint.
100  adverse across groups with IFG, normal
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
IFG (1 time)
IGT (1 time)
2000 Comparison of WHO and ADA criteria for diagnosis of glucose status in adults.