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Abbreviation: ADD
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Long forms: 180

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
attention deficit disorder
(287 times)
Psychiatry
(86 times)
ADHD (38 times)
TS (12 times)
LD (8 times)
1981 Effect on growth in pemoline-treated children with attention deficit disorder.
1,4-androstadiene-3,17-dione
(70 times)
Microbiology
(28 times)
AD (42 times)
KSDD (5 times)
KSH (3 times)
1983 1-Ene-steroid reductase of Mycobacterium sp. NRRL B-3805.
anterior disc displacement
(64 times)
Dentistry
(50 times)
TMJ (34 times)
MRI (12 times)
CMJ (11 times)
0 Ipsilateral Molar Clenching Induces Less Pain and Discomfort than Contralateral Molar Clenching in Patients with Unilateral Anterior Disc Displacement of the Temporomandibular Joint.
afterdischarge duration
(58 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
ADT (17 times)
SS (7 times)
S5D (5 times)
1990 The effect of interstimulation interval on the assessment of anticonvulsant drug potency in fully kindled rats.
average daily dose
(52 times)
Environmental Health
(30 times)
HQ (8 times)
HI (7 times)
CR (6 times)
1991 An assessment and quantitative uncertainty analysis of the health risks to workers exposed to chromium contaminated soils.
accumulated degree days
(49 times)
Jurisprudence
(33 times)
PMI (17 times)
TBS (16 times)
PMSI (4 times)
2005 Using accumulated degree-days to estimate the postmortem interval from decomposed human remains.
acute diarrheal disease
(28 times)
Public Health
(11 times)
ARI (5 times)
ETEC (2 times)
STEC (2 times)
1988 [Microbiological research in acute diarrheal disease (ADD): the objectives, possibilities and limits].
Alzheimer's disease dementia
(25 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
MCI (10 times)
CSF (6 times)
AD (4 times)
2012 [Alzheimer disease and other dementia in France: Identification, management and neuroleptic use (2007-2009)].
androstadienedione
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AD (3 times)
AED (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2003 Resistance to androstanes as an approach for androstandienedione yield enhancement in industrial mycobacteria.
10  any depressive disorder
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
ACS (3 times)
MDD (3 times)
CES-D (1 time)
2007 Utilization of mental health services and risk of 12-month problematic alcohol use.
11  Average Danish Diet
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
NND (10 times)
FI (1 time)
FPG (1 time)
2013 The new nordic diet--consumer expenditures and economic incentives estimated from a controlled intervention.
12  antecedent dry days
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
EMCs (3 times)
EMC (2 times)
TSS (2 times)
2007 Highway runoff quality in Ireland.
13  ATRX-DNMT3-DNMT3L
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
CD (1 time)
CXXC (1 time)
DNMT3L (1 time)
2007 Structural consequences of disease-causing mutations in the ATRX-DNMT3-DNMT3L (ADD) domain of the chromatin-associated protein ATRX.
14  AD dementia
(8 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
AD (7 times)
MCI (6 times)
CN (2 times)
2015 Cortical Thickness in Dementia with Lewy Bodies and Alzheimer's Disease: A Comparison of Prodromal and Dementia Stages.
15  adduction
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
ABD (8 times)
ER (3 times)
EXT (3 times)
2005 Biomechanics and strength of manual wheelchair users.
16  Antiepileptic Drug Development
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
MES (6 times)
scMet (5 times)
NIH (2 times)
1993 Synthesis and anticonvulsant activity of enaminones. 2. Further structure-activity correlations.
17  absorbed daily dose
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
TCP (3 times)
6-CNA (1 time)
cPAD (1 time)
2000 Pesticide exposure and creatinine variation among young children.
18  anterior disc displacement without reduction
(7 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
ADDR (3 times)
TMJ (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
1998 Lengths of condylar pathways measured with computerized axiography (CADIAX) and occlusal index in patients and volunteers.
19  aortic dissection detection
(6 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AD (3 times)
AASs (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2011 Sensitivity of the aortic dissection detection risk score, a novel guideline-based tool for identification of acute aortic dissection at initial presentation: results from the international registry of acute aortic dissection.
20  automated dose dispensing
(6 times)
Pharmacy
(2 times)
CMR (1 time)
DDD (1 time)
2007 The impact of an automated dose-dispensing scheme on user compliance, medication understanding, and medication stockpiles.
21  axon diameter distribution
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
DDE (2 times)
AAD (1 time)
ACV (1 time)
2013 An optimum principle predicts the distribution of axon diameters in normal white matter.
22  Adducin
(5 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
GluR1 (1 time)
NLS (1 time)
Sez6l2 (1 time)
1995 Genomic organisation and chromosomal localisation of the gene encoding human beta adducin.
23  advance directive document
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ACP (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2004 [Advanced directives document and neurologist-patient relationship].
24  animal-defined daily dose
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ADUR (1 time)
AMU (1 time)
CHR (1 time)
2004 Veterinary antimicrobial-usage statistics based on standardized measures of dosage.
25  Assessment of Dual Diagnosis
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
ID (2 times)
SPSS (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
1998 Reliability of the assessment of dual diagnosis (ADD).
26  acid-dependent diseases
(4 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
AH (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
2008 [Mechanism of action of Nizhne-Ivkinskaya 2K sulfate-calcium mineral water in combined treatment of acid-dependent gastrointestinal diseases].
27  additive
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DOM (3 times)
REC (2 times)
ASPs (1 time)
2009 A robust genome-wide scan statistic of the Wellcome Trust Case-Control Consortium.
28  adductor
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
SM (2 times)
Abd (1 time)
GPS (1 time)
1987 An assessment of the effects of an alternative method of carcass suspension and conditioning on the tenderness of beef.
29  adjudin
(4 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(2 times)
DOX (3 times)
MDR (3 times)
Aa (1 time)
2015 Combination delivery of Adjudin and Doxorubicin via integrating drug conjugation and nanocarrier approaches for the treatment of drug-resistant cancer cells.
30  Administration on Developmental Disabilities
(4 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
CHIP (1 time)
JOLI (1 time)
LIHEAP (1 time)
1992 Quality assurance and impact measurement of university affiliated programs.
31  Alzheimer disease dementia
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DLB (1 time)
FTD (1 time)
MCI (1 time)
2014 Theoretical impact of Florbetapir (18F) amyloid imaging on diagnosis of alzheimer dementia and detection of preclinical cortical amyloid.
32  animal daily doses
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AMs (1 time)
LAW (1 time)
MYC (1 time)
2005 A pharmaco-epidemiological analysis of factors associated with antimicrobial consumption level in turkey broiler flocks.
33  Auditory Discrimination in Depth
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CBF (1 time)
1991 Phonological awareness training and remediation of analytic decoding deficits in a group of severe dyslexics.
34  acridinedione
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DMA (1 time)
PET (1 time)
SV (1 time)
2007 Anomalous association and fluorophore influence on the position of dimethylaniline in micelles: fluorescence quenching of 1,8-acridinedione.
35  Addison's disease
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
CTLA-4 (1 time)
DLA (1 time)
2003 HLA-DRB1 and MICA in autoimmunity: common associated alleles in autoimmune disorders.
36  adjacent disc degeneration
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ADF (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
L group (1 time)
2012 Lower incidence of adjacent segment degeneration after anterior cervical fusion found with those fusing C5-6 and C6-7 than those leaving C5-6 or C6-7 as an adjacent level.
37  agar disc diffusion
(3 times)
Technology, Pharmaceutical
(2 times)
DPPH (2 times)
NBMD (2 times)
FFA (1 time)
2011 Diagnostic accuracy assessment of Sensititre and agar disk diffusion for determining antimicrobial resistance profiles of bovine clinical mastitis pathogens.
38  anterior distraction device
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Thoracolumbar fractures treated with Moss Miami system and anterior distraction device].
39  anticonvulsant drug development
(3 times)
Pharmacy
(2 times)
MES (1 time)
PTZ (1 time)
2010 Design and Synthesis of Some Novel 4-(4-substituted aryl) Semicarbazones as Anticonvulsant Agents.
40  aqueous drainage device
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
GISC (2 times)
AS-OCT (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2007 Orbital cellulitis following implantation of aqueous drainage devices.
41  Assessment of Discomfort in Dementia
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 1999 Assessment and treatment of discomfort for people with late-stage dementia.
42  Assessment-of-Dominant-Damage
(3 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
ENU (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2004 Tests of induction in mice by acute and chronic ionizing radiation and ethylnitrosourea of dominant mutations that cause the more common skeletal anomalies.
43  Attention deficit disorder with or without hyperactivity
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ADDH (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
AT (1 time)
1989 Developmental and disruptive behavior disorders among delinquents.
44  average daily intake dose
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CPMs (2 times)
TCMs (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2016 Estimation of bioaccessibility and potential human health risk of mercury in Chinese patent medicines.
45  addition test
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
FD (2 times)
CR (1 time)
KSS (1 time)
2009 Neurobehavioral performance in young adults living on a 28-h day for 6 weeks.
46  addition/subtraction test
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
DID (1 time)
1999 Cognitive performance and mood during respirator wear and exercise.
47  adductor longus
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
RF (2 times)
BF (1 time)
GMax (1 time)
2009 Hip-muscle activation during the lunge, single-leg squat, and step-up-and-over exercises.
48  adipocyte determination differentiation dependent factor
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
FAS (2 times)
DMEM (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1998 Nutritional and insulin regulation of fatty acid synthetase and leptin gene expression through ADD1/SREBP1.
49  advanced diastolic dysfunction
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
BNP (1 time)
DD (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2010 [Prevalence and prognostic impact of diastolic dysfunction in patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis].
50  adverse discharge disposition
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AHC (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DWS (1 time)
2013 Discharge patterns after radical prostatectomy in the United States of America.
51  aggregative dispersive dichotomy
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Applying an aggregative dispersive dichotomy (ADD) model to parasitic infections in host populations.
52  alcohol-induced dose dumping
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HME (1 time)
2016 Development of an Abuse- and Alcohol-Resistant Formulation Based on Hot-Melt Extrusion and Film Coating.
53  alpha-adducin
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
ESRD (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ADPKD (1 time)
2002 Role of the alpha-adducin genotype on renal disease progression.
54  anterior displacement difference
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
ACL (2 times)
VAS (1 time)
2000 Randomized prospective double-blind placebo-controlled study of dextrose prolotherapy for knee osteoarthritis with or without ACL laxity.
55  anti-diabetic drugs
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
3P-MACE (1 time)
CPRD (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2015 Influence of metformin intake on the risk of bladder cancer in type 2 diabetes patients.
56  Antiepileptic Drug Development Programme
(2 times)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
MES (2 times)
scMET (2 times)
2013 Synthesis and anticonvulsant activity of 3a,4-dihydro-3H-indeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-2-carboxamide/carbothioamide analogues.
57  antipsychotic daily dose
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
BACS (1 time)
CATIE (1 time)
CDD (1 time)
2010 Cognitive effects of antipsychotic dosage and polypharmacy: a study with the BACS in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder.
58  apparent duodenal digestibility
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AID (2 times)
ATTD (2 times)
DDGS (1 time)
2019 Degradation of dietary fiber in the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine of growing pigs fed corn- or wheat-based diets without or with microbial xylanase.
59  appendiceal diverticular disease
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
LAMNs (1 time)
2019 Complicated appendiceal diverticulosis versus low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms: a major diagnostic dilemma.
60  area dependent diameter
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CFI (2 times)
SDFT (2 times)
MAD (1 time)
2001 Effects of exercise on the diameter of collagen fibrils in the central core and periphery of the superficial digital flexor tendon in foals.
61  asymptomatic diastolic dysfunction
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DHF (2 times)
LV (2 times)
EF (1 time)
2009 Left ventricular systolic function is abnormal in diastolic heart failure: re-assessment of systolic function using cardiac time interval analysis.
62  asymptomatic diverticular disease
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
DLPFC (1 time)
HSDD (1 time)
PHQ12-SS (1 time)
2004 Colorectal visceral perception in diverticular disease.
63  atherogenic dyslipidemia in diabetes
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CV (2 times)
DM (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
2013 The nuances of atherogenic dyslipidemia in diabetes: focus on triglycerides and current management strategies.
64  atlantodental distance
(2 times)
Skull Base
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
CSM (1 time)
2014 The relationship between an intramedullary high signal intensity andtheclinical outcome in atlanto-axial subluxation owing to rheumatoidarthritis.
65  autoimmune demyelinating diseases
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
DC-ASGPR (1 time)
EAE (1 time)
2006 Reduced expression of IL-12 p35 by SJL/J macrophages responding to Theiler's virus infection is associated with constitutive activation of IRF-3.
66  automatic dishwashing detergent
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1995 Prediction of complications following unintentional caustic ingestion in children. Is endoscopy always necessary?
67  average daily dose rates
(2 times)
Environmental Pollution
(1 time)
HI (1 time)
HQ (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2017 Occurrence and Distribution of Arsenic, Antimony and Selenium in Shallow Groundwater Systems of Ibadan Metropolis, Southwestern Nigerian.
68  axis-to-detector distance
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CBCT (2 times)
MC (2 times)
CNR (1 time)
2013 Monte Carlo study of the effects of system geometry and antiscatter grids on cone-beam CT scatter distributions.
69  absolute delta difference
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
DD/RR (1 time)
2012 New decision criteria for selecting delta check methods based on the ratio of the delta difference to the width of the reference range can be generally applicable for each clinical chemistry test item.
70  absorbed dose distribution
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LQ (1 time)
TPS (1 time)
1991 Application of the LQ model to the interpretation of absorbed dose distribution in the daily practice of radiotherapy.
71  Accumulate Degrees Days
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
PMSI (1 time)
TADS (1 time)
2020 Postmortem submersion interval in human bodies recovered from fresh water in an area of Mediterranean climate. Application and comparison of preexisting models.
72  accumulated distance difference
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
2018 GNSS Trajectory Anomaly Detection Using Similarity Comparison Methods for Pedestrian Navigation.
73  acidic dairy drink
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
--- 2014 Effect of some hydrocolloids blend on viscosity and sensory properties of raspberry juice-milk.
74  acoustic deterrent device
(1 time)
--- 2019 Harbour porpoise responses to pile-driving diminish over time.
75  acquired demyelinating disease
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HCs (1 time)
MOGs (1 time)
2014 Potassium channel KIR4.1-specific antibodies in children with acquired demyelinating CNS disease.
76  acridinedione dye
(1 time)
ETPT (1 time)
2018 Deciphering the incognito role of water in a light driven proton coupled electron transfer process.
77  activity-dependent depression
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EAA (1 time)
EPSPs (1 time)
L-AP4 (1 time)
2000 Activity-dependent activation of presynaptic metabotropic glutamate receptors in locus coeruleus.
78  actual date of discharge
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
EDD (1 time)
2011 Effective discharge planning - timely assignment of an estimated date of discharge.
79  actual day of delivery
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FH (1 time)
LMP (1 time)
US (1 time)
2013 A comparison of pregnancy dating methods commonly used in South Africa: a prospective study.
80  actual DD
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EL (1 time)
2008 The quality assurance program of organ donation in Tuscany.
81  actual deceased organ donors
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
DCD (1 time)
DCI (1 time)
2018 Deceased organ donation activity and efficiency in Switzerland between 2008 and 2017: achievements and future challenges.
82  actual delivery date
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
EDD (1 time)
2020 Errors in estimated gestational ages reduce the likelihood of health facility deliveries: results from an observational cohort study in Zanzibar.
83  actual dose distribution
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CIRT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
PDD (1 time)
2018 Technical Note: Predicting dose distribution with replacing stopping power ratio for inter-fractional motion and intra-fractional motion during carbon ion radiotherapy with passive irradiation method for stage I lung cancer.
84  acute dissociation of DRG
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2012 Activation of cGMP-PKG signaling pathway contributes to neuronal hyperexcitability and hyperalgesia after in vivo prolonged compression or in vitro acute dissociation of dorsal root ganglion in rats.
85  AD duration
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
KLFS (1 time)
2018 Quantitative Analysis of the Antiepileptogenic Effects of Low Frequency Stimulation Applied Prior or After Kindling Stimulation in Rats.
86  AD patients with mild dementia
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2019 Cortical Network Topology in Prodromal and Mild Dementia Due to Alzheimer's Disease: Graph Theory Applied to Resting State EEG.
87  AD with depressive syndrome
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ADND (1 time)
2006 Frontal dysfunction underlies depressive syndrome in Alzheimer disease: a FDG-PET study.
88  AD with diabetes
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2010 Immunohistochemical analysis of human brain suggests pathological synergism of Alzheimer's disease and diabetes mellitus.
89  AD with diabetic mellitus
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
DM (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2012 Immunohistochemical study of semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase/vascular adhesion protein-1 in the hippocampal vasculature: pathological synergy of Alzheimer's disease and diabetes mellitus.
90  adatom diffusion
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
DIM (1 time)
NWs (1 time)
2010 Control of the crystal structure of InAs nanowires by tuning contributions of adatom diffusion.
91  ADD alone
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
BC (1 time)
MPB (1 time)
2008 Guided bone regeneration with the combined use of resorbable membranes and autogenous drilling dust or xenografts for the treatment of dehiscence-type defects around implants: an experimental study in dogs.
92  ADD group
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
NND (2 times)
2015 Long-term adherence to the New Nordic Diet and the effects on body weight, anthropometry and blood pressure: a 12-month follow-up study.
93  add-on
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FIRST (1 time)
MR (1 time)
SWITCH (1 time)
2016 Implementing an optimized glucose-lowering strategy with a novel once daily modified release gliclazide formulation.
94  added during a three-week addition
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
FF (1 time)
MUFA (1 time)
2003 Peanut consumption improves indices of cardiovascular disease risk in healthy adults.
95  addendum
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
HDS (1 time)
SAD (1 time)
1989 Nutrient imbalances in depressive disorders. Possible brain mechanisms.
96  Adderall XR
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
FOS-ir (1 time)
MPH (1 time)
2010 Chronic low dose Adderall XR down-regulates cfos expression in infantile and prepubertal rat striatum and cortex.
97  adding machines
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
TEL (1 time)
1996 Are there task specific performance effects for differently configured numeric keypads?
98  Addition/Calculation Test
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AIC (1 time)
DSST (1 time)
PVT (1 time)
2016 Prediction of Vigilant Attention and Cognitive Performance Using Self-Reported Alertness, Circadian Phase, Hours since Awakening, and Accumulated Sleep Loss.
99  additional non-SNB
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AND (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
2009 Selective Sentinel Node Plus Additional Non-Sentinel Node Biopsy Based on an FDG-PET/CT Scan in Early Breast Cancer Patients: Single Institutional Experience.
100  Additive Dollo Distance
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Novel distances for dollo data.