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Abbreviation: ADF
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Long forms: 109

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acid detergent fiber
(319 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(142 times)
NDF (237 times)
CP (129 times)
DM (129 times)
1979 Studies on digestion and absorption in the intestines of growing pigs. 8. Measurements of the flow of total lipid, acid-detergent fibre and volatile fatty acids.
actin-depolymerizing factor
(254 times)
Cell Biology
(74 times)
AIP1 (14 times)
F-actin (10 times)
SSH (8 times)
1981 Characterization of brevin, a serum protein that shortens actin filaments.
adult T-cell leukemia-derived factor
(54 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
Trx (16 times)
rADF (7 times)
HTLV-I (5 times)
1986 Induction of Tac antigen and proliferation of myeloid leukemic cells by ATL-derived factor: comparison with other agents that promote differentiation of human myeloid or monocytic leukemic cells.
alternate-day fasting
(49 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(21 times)
CR (17 times)
HF (8 times)
LF (5 times)
2007 Dose effects of modified alternate-day fasting regimens on in vivo cell proliferation and plasma insulin-like growth factor-1 in mice.
Australian Defence Force
(42 times)
Military Medicine
(6 times)
AUDIT (2 times)
DVA (2 times)
GPs (2 times)
2001 Evaluation of cognitive performance in the heat by functional brain imaging and psychometric testing.
annular dark-field
(41 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(29 times)
STEM (24 times)
BF (6 times)
TEM (5 times)
1996 A high efficiency annular dark field detector for STEM.
Amsterdam Density Functional
(20 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
DFT (7 times)
SOMO (3 times)
LFDFT (2 times)
2003 Synthesis and properties of [CoCp*(2,5-PC4tBu2H2)]: the first monophosphacobaltocene.
anterior decompression and fusion
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
JOA (12 times)
LAMP (10 times)
CSM (3 times)
2005 Anterior spinal decompression and fusion for cervical flexion myelopathy in young patients.
aortoduodenal fistula
(18 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
AAA (2 times)
AAAs (2 times)
EVAR (2 times)
1977 Recurrent aortoduodenal fistula.
10  ATL-derived factor
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
ATL (6 times)
ALL (2 times)
ANLL (2 times)
1985 TCGF(IL 2)-receptor inducing factor(s). II. Possible role of ATL-derived factor (ADF) on constitutive IL 2 receptor expression of HTLV-I(+) T cell lines.
11  aerobic dynamic feeding
(14 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
PHA (8 times)
PHAs (6 times)
SBR (6 times)
2008 Effect of static magnetic field on synthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoates from different short-chain fatty acids by activated sludge.
12  abuse-deterrent formulation
(13 times)
Pain
(3 times)
ER (3 times)
ADP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2010 Estimating attractiveness for abuse of a not-yet-marketed "abuse-deterrent" prescription opioid formulation.
13  ankle dorsiflexion
(13 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MGT (3 times)
ABD (1 time)
APF (1 time)
1993 Reliability of goniometric measurements and visual estimates of ankle joint active range of motion obtained in a clinical setting.
14  advanced dynamic flow
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
SMI (2 times)
US (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2001 Advanced Dynamic Flow
15  asymptotically distribution-free
(10 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
CSA (1 time)
DFM (1 time)
GLS (1 time)
1993 Robustness of some estimators for the analysis of covariance structures.
16  anisotropic diffusion filter
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
BSPM (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
2011 Robust mapping of the myelin water fraction in the presence of noise: synergic combination of anisotropic diffusion filter and spatially regularized nonnegative least squares algorithm.
17  Arbeitsgemeinschaft Dermatologische Forschung
(8 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
ADE (2 times)
DDG (1 time)
1984 Arbeitsgemeinschaft Dermatologischer Forschung(ADF) in cooperation with Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft. XI. annual meeting, November 11-13, 1983, Kiel, Federal Republic of Germany.
18  Augmented Dickey-Fuller
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EKC (3 times)
ARIMA (2 times)
AIC (1 time)
2011 An evaluation of the narrowing gender gap in DUI arrests.
19  angular distribution function
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
MD (2 times)
BOP (1 time)
CND (1 time)
1992 Testing latent longitudinal models of social ties and depression among the elderly: a comparison of distribution-free and maximum likelihood estimates with nonnormal data.
20  asymptotic distribution-free
(5 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
ML (1 time)
1991 Scaled test statistics and robust standard errors for non-normal data in covariance structure analysis: a Monte Carlo study.
21  adefovir
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
HBV (3 times)
LAM (3 times)
CAHBM (1 time)
2007 COBAS AmpliPrep-COBAS TaqMan hepatitis B virus (HBV) test: a novel automated real-time PCR assay for quantification of HBV DNA in plasma.
22  adefovir dipivoxil
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
HBV (3 times)
HBsAg (2 times)
LAM (2 times)
2004 Outcomes in liver transplant recipients with hepatitis B virus: resistance and recurrence patterns from a large transplant center over the last decade.
23  add-drop filter
(3 times)
Optics and Photonics
(3 times)
FDTD (1 time)
PCRRs (1 time)
2007 Optical add-drop filters based on photonic crystal ring resonators.
24  aerodigestive fistula
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2018 Acquired Adult Aerodigestive Fistula: Classification and Management.
25  age-dependent factor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AR (3 times)
AF (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
1993 A novel regulatory element associated with age-dependent expression of the rat androgen receptor gene.
26  aircraft deicing fluid
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PG (2 times)
CFU (1 time)
COD (1 time)
2004 Anaerobic biodegradation of aircraft deicing fluid in UASB reactors.
27  anterior discectomy and fusion
(3 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
FSE (2 times)
MR (1 time)
1987 Postoperative cervical spine: MR assessment.
28  antidromic firing
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ACh (2 times)
DFP (1 time)
EPPs (1 time)
1983 Effects of pancuronium and hexamethonium on paraoxon-induced twitch potentiation and antidromic firing in rat phrenic nerve diaphragm preparations.
29  average daily feed intake
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ADG (1 time)
D-Trp (1 time)
F/G (1 time)
1984 Effects of zeolite a or clinoptilolite in diets of growing swine.
30  Acquired digital fibrokeratomas
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 2007 Acquired digital fibrokeratoma.
31  activated dry flowers
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2013 Use of activated dry flowers (ADF) of Alstonia Scholaris for chromium (Vl) removal: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics studies.
32  adhesion fibroblasts
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
eNOS (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
2006 Effects of interferon-gamma reverse hypoxia-stimulated extracellular matrix expression in human peritoneal and adhesion fibroblasts.
33  adipocyte differentiation factor
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
GPDH (1 time)
1998 Adipocyte differentiation factor (ADF): a protein secreted by mature fat cells that induces preadipocyte differentiation in culture.
34  age-dependent transcription factor
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AR (2 times)
PSA (1 time)
SRF (1 time)
1996 Role of transcription factors in the age-dependent regulation of the androgen receptor gene in rat liver.
35  alive and disease-free
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
CR (1 time)
CS-A (1 time)
2005 Germ cell testicular tumors in clinical stage A and normal values of serum tumor mark-ers post-orchiectomy: the experience in the management of 300 consecutive patients.
36  anatomic diffusion factor
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ILCM (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1978 Quantitative anatomy of the lungs of the red-eared turtle, Pseudemys scripta elegans.
37  anterior dorsal field
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AAF (1 time)
SCCs (1 time)
1998 High-voltage electron microscopy and 3-D reconstruction of solitary chemosensory cells in the anterior dorsal fin of the Gadid fish Ciliata mustela (Teleostei).
38  anterior drawer force
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
IMC (2 times)
ACL (1 time)
1985 [Muscle exercise after the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction of the knee--Part I: The force given to the anterior cruciate ligament by separate isometric contraction of the quadriceps or the hamstrings].
39  antioxidant dietary fiber
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
WGP (1 time)
WP (1 time)
2013 Wine grape pomace as antioxidant dietary fibre for enhancing nutritional value and improving storability of yogurt and salad dressing.
40  Asthma Drug Facility
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GARD (1 time)
GINA (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
2007 Access to inhaled corticosteroids is key to improving quality of care for asthma in developing countries.
41  7-amino-desmethyl-flunitrazepam
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACF (1 time)
AF (1 time)
DAD (1 time)
1997 Simultaneous determination of flunitrazepam and its metabolites in plasma and urine by HPLC/DAD after solid phase extraction.
42  access to feed
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
RDF (1 time)
1985 Effects of feed restriction on growth and metabolism of replacement pullets.
43  acid det. fiber
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
ME (1 time)
2014 NORTHERN LEAF BLIGHT HELMINTHOSPORIUM TURCICUM ON MAIZE IN LATVIA.
44  acid detergent fiber residue
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
2001 The amino acid profiles of the whole plant and of four plant residues from temperate and tropical forages.
45  acid detergent fibre content
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
NFE (1 time)
2001 Relationship between some chemical components of herbage, dietary preference and fresh herbage intake rate by the Japanese serow.
46  actin filament depolymerizing factor
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Developmental expression of the actin depolymerizing factor ADF in the mouse inner ear and spiral ganglia.
47  actin-depolymerizing factor/cofilin
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
TMs (1 time)
2003 Specification of actin filament function and molecular composition by tropomyosin isoforms.
48  Active disassembling fastener
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DfD (1 time)
EAF (1 time)
EOL (1 time)
2010 Hybrid LCA of a design for disassembly technology: active disassembling fasteners of hydrogen storage alloys for home appliances.
49  active duty forces
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
MGD (1 time)
USV (1 time)
2000 Meibomian gland status comparison between active duty personnel and U.S. veterans.
50  Activity distribution factors
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
Bleo (1 time)
TLM (1 time)
1983 Uptake of labelled tallysomycin by solid Ehrlich ascites tumors in mice.
51  adaptive deme formation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1998 A meta-analysis of adaptive deme formation in phytophagous insect populations.
52  Adaptive Digital Filtering
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
AFECG (1 time)
BTBV (1 time)
FHR (1 time)
1992 Noninvasive fetal ECG mode fetal heart rate monitoring by adaptive digital filtering.
53  ADFom
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DMI (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
OM (1 time)
2019 Effects of ruminal degradability of ensiled whole crop maize varieties on feed intake and milk production of dairy cows.
54  adipocyte-derived fibroblasts
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CAF (1 time)
2013 Adipocyte-derived fibroblasts promote tumor progression and contribute to the desmoplastic reaction in breast cancer.
55  adjusted fat thickness
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FPC (1 time)
KPH (1 time)
OM (1 time)
1992 Development of a multivariate yield grade equation to predict compositional traits in mature cow carcasses.
56  adsorptive depth filters
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AHF (1 time)
HCP (1 time)
2017 Development of adsorptive hybrid filters to enable two-step purification of biologics.
57  adult T-cell derived factor
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 The predicted amino acid sequence of human thioredoxin is identical to that of the autocrine growth factor human adult T-cell derived factor (ADF): thioredoxin mRNA is elevated in some human tumors.
58  Adult T-cell leukemia-derived factor/human thioredoxin
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
PGE1 (1 time)
1997 Analysis of localization of adult T-cell leukemia-derived factor in the transient ischemic rat retina after treatment with OP-1206 alpha-CD, a prostaglandin E1 analogue.
59  aerobic dynamic substrate feeding
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2003 Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates by a mixed culture in a sequencing batch reactor: the use of propionate as carbon source.
60  aerosolized diesel fuel
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Role of exposure parameters in toxicity of aerosolized diesel fuel in the rat.
61  affinity domain
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
FCS (1 time)
NF (1 time)
2004 New chimera proteins for fluorescence correlation spectroscopy.
62  African dwarf frogs
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2013 US outbreak of human Salmonella infections associated with aquatic frogs, 2008-2011.
63  agave DF
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ADF-JC (1 time)
CC, control (1 time)
DF (1 time)
2014 Effects of consuming diets containing Agave tequilana dietary fibre and jamaica calyces on body weight gain and redox status in hypercholesterolemic rats.
64  Alamifovir disoproxil fumarate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ESI (1 time)
QC (1 time)
2012 Determination of alamifovir disoproxil fumarate and its active metabolite 602076 in rat plasma by LC-MS/MS: application to a pharmacokinetic study.
65  Alcohol, Drugs and the Family
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2003 Alcohol, drugs and the family: results from a long-running research programme within the UK.
66  allelic deletion fingerprinting
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
--- 2001 Allelic deletion fingerprinting of urine cell sediments in bladder cancer.
67  alpha-Dioxygenase fragment
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Inherent allergic potential of alpha-dioxygenase fragment: A pathogenesis related protein.
68  alternate day fed
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
IMF (1 time)
Leu (1 time)
NTB (1 time)
1984 Effects of three feeding schedules on tumor and host of Lewis lung carcinoma-bearing mice.
69  Alternate day feeding
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
2009 Pretreatment with alternate day modified fast will permit higher dose and frequency of cancer chemotherapy and better cure rates.
70  alternate-day food deprivation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Metabolic and molecular framework for the enhancement of endurance by intermittent food deprivation.
71  alternating droplet formation
(1 time)
Microfluidic Analytical Techniques
(1 time)
MFDTD (1 time)
2015 A numerical study on the dynamics of droplet formation in a microfluidic double T-junction.
72  amorphization driving force
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BMGs (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
2015 Atomistic Design of Favored Compositions for Synthesizing the Al-Ni-Y Metallic Glasses.
73  amplitude distribution function
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MVC (1 time)
1996 Reproducibility and stability of normalized EMG measurements on musculus trapezius.
74  Amsterdam Density Functional program
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FDE (1 time)
sDFT (1 time)
2017 Analytical gradients for subsystem density functional theory within the slater-function-based amsterdam density functional program.
75  Amsterdam density functional theory
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PD-HR-XANES (1 time)
2015 Polarization dependent high energy resolution X-ray absorption study of dicesium uranyl tetrachloride.
76  anaerobic digest fluid
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
FT-MFC (1 time)
2009 Floating-type microbial fuel cell (FT-MFC) for treating organic-contaminated water.
77  anaerobic digester dairy fiber
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ADE (1 time)
2012 Biochar produced from anaerobically digested fiber reduces phosphorus in dairy lagoons.
78  anatomical distance function
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Anatomical distance affects functional connectivity in patients with schizophrenia and their siblings.
79  angiotensin II degradation factor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1995 Purification and characterization of angiotensin II degradation factor from porcine endothelial cells.
80  angular difference function
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2005 The angular difference function and its application to image registration.
81  angular displacement at failure
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
NiTi (1 time)
2017 Mechanical and Metallurgical Properties of Various Nickel-Titanium Rotary Instruments.
82  animal-derived feedstuffs
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2018 Simultaneous determination of antibiotics and amantadines in animal-derived feedstuffs by ultraperformance liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometry.
83  ankle dorsiflexion force
(1 time)
Exercise
(1 time)
KEF (1 time)
LMQ (1 time)
LMV (1 time)
2017 Lower-limb muscle strength according to bodyweight and muscle mass among middle age patients with type 2 diabetes without diabetic neuropathy.
84  annihilated delayed fluorescence
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SR (1 time)
1984 [The use of the annihilated delayed fluorescence phenomenon in the study of the structural organization of the sarcoplasmic reticulum].
85  Ant Deterrent Factor
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
EPNs (1 time)
SDF (1 time)
2012 Scavenger deterrent factor (SDF) from symbiotic bacteria of entomopathogenic nematodes.
86  ant-deterrent factor(s)
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Response of ants to a deterrent factor(s) produced by the symbiotic bacteria of entomopathogenic nematodes.
87  anterograde diastolic flow
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GV (1 time)
SSV (1 time)
2005 Haemodynamic strategy for treatment of diastolic anterograde giacomini varicose veins.
88  anther development F-box
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
PCD (1 time)
TDR (1 time)
2015 An anther development F-box (ADF) protein regulated by tapetum degeneration retardation (TDR) controls rice anther development.
89  anthradifuran
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Synthesis and Investigation of the Effect of Substitution on the Structure, Physical Properties, and Electrochemical Properties of Anthracenodifuran Derivatives.
90  antidiuretic factor
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2002 Identification of a potent antidiuretic factor acting on beetle Malpighian tubules.
91  approximate degrees of freedom
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Robust step-down tests for multivariate independent group designs.
92  approximate density functional
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HF (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2008 A density functional theory for symmetric radical cations from bonding to dissociation.
93  area decrease fraction
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EDA (1 time)
ESMS (1 time)
SF (1 time)
1991 [Transesophageal echocardiography during intraoperative evaluation of central hemodynamics in surgical treatment of ischemic heart disease].
94  area description file
(1 time)
HMI (1 time)
TSM-KF (1 time)
VPS (1 time)
2019 Vision-based Mobile Indoor Assistive Navigation Aid for Blind People.
95  artificial dentinal fluid
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DH (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2014 Development and validation of an in vitro model for measurements of cervical root dentine permeability.
96  Asia Diabetes Foundation
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
JADE (1 time)
2014 Metabolic profiles and treatment gaps in young-onset type 2 diabetes in Asia (the JADE programme): a cross-sectional study of a prospective cohort.
97  Assured Dairy Farm scheme
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2018 Use of welfare outcome information in three types of dairy farm inspection reports.
98  atmospheric dispersion factor
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 Analysis of atmospheric dispersion factors for building wakes at the Wolsung nuclear site in Korea.
99  Atmospheric Dose Factor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 1998 Three-parameter model for estimating atmospheric tritium dose at the Savannah River Site.
100  atypical decubital fibroplasia
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Atypical decubital fibroplasia: a series of three cases.