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Abbreviation: ADI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acceptable daily intake
(413 times)
Toxicology
(149 times)
MRLs (24 times)
EDI (23 times)
MRL (23 times)
1975 [Hygienic standards for hydroxymethylfurfural in food products].
arginine deiminase
(150 times)
Microbiology
(34 times)
ASS (16 times)
OTC (11 times)
NO (9 times)
1987 Regulation of arginine-ornithine exchange and the arginine deiminase pathway in Streptococcus lactis.
atlantodental interval
(59 times)
Orthopedics
(32 times)
RA (9 times)
AAS (8 times)
SAC (8 times)
1966 Atlas-dens interval (ADI) in children: a survey based on 200 normal cervical spines.
AIDS-defining illness
(44 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(18 times)
HAART (13 times)
HIV (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1995 Immunological characteristics of HIV-infected children: relationship to age, CD4 counts, disease progression, and survival.
average daily intake
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
HQ (4 times)
PFOS (3 times)
ARC (2 times)
1986 Selection for postweaning gain in rats: I. Correlated response in feed utilization and body composition.
Autism Diagnostic Interview
(20 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
ADOS (7 times)
ASD (5 times)
ADI-R (2 times)
1992 Diagnostic assessment in a sample of autistic and developmentally impaired adolescents.
alternating direction implicit
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
FDTD (2 times)
AM (1 time)
AO (1 time)
1992 Computational fluid dynamics of left ventricular ejection.
allowable daily intake
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
DTH (3 times)
HA (3 times)
PFC (3 times)
1984 A new method for determining allowable daily intakes.
Adipsic diabetes insipidus
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
AVP (3 times)
DI (2 times)
VTE (2 times)
2002 Baroregulation of vasopressin release in adipsic diabetes insipidus.
10  androgen depletion independent
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
AR (7 times)
AD (2 times)
PC (2 times)
2005 Androgens and prostate cancer: are the descriptors valid?
11  area deprivation index
(11 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
SES (2 times)
ADI scores (1 time)
2014 Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and 30-day rehospitalization: a retrospective cohort study.
12  Alzheimer's Disease International
(9 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
AD (5 times)
BBB (1 time)
EGCG (1 time)
2004 Alzheimer Disease International's 10/66 Dementia Research Group - one model for action research in developing countries.
13  adoptive immunotherapy
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ASI (2 times)
GVL (2 times)
BM (1 time)
1995 Biotherapy of cancer. Perspectives of immunotherapy and gene therapy.
14  Assessment of Depression Inventory
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
Dep (3 times)
Fg (3 times)
PAI (2 times)
2004 The assessment of depression inventory (ADI): a new instrument used to measure depression and to detect honesty of response.
15  admissible daily intake
(6 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
ARfD (2 times)
EDI (2 times)
EDIs (2 times)
2004 Modelling the absorption and desorption of cadmium on paper pulp using kinetic approaches.
16  agent detection imaging
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
US (2 times)
2004 Usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography with a new contrast mode, Agent Detection Imaging, in evaluating therapeutic response in hepatocellular carcinoma treated with radio-frequency ablation therapy.
17  Aggregate Demand Index
(5 times)
Pharmacy
(5 times)
MMA (1 time)
2002 The Aggregate Demand Index: measuring the balance between pharmacist supply and demand, 1999-2001.
18  ambient desorption/ionization
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
FAPA (3 times)
DBD (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2010 Detection of positive and negative ions from a flowing atmospheric pressure afterglow using a Mattauch-Herzog mass spectrograph equipped with a Faraday-strip array detector.
19  Angular Domain Imaging
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
ADOPT (1 time)
2008 Multi-spectral angular domain optical imaging in biological tissues using diode laser sources.
20  arginine deiminase pathway
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CCPP (1 time)
1999 Relationships between arginine degradation, pH and survival in Lactobacillus sakei.
21  autosomal dominant ichthyosis vulgaris
(5 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
AD (2 times)
KH (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1983 Langerhans cells in autosomal dominant ichthyosis vulgaris.
22  acceptable daily intake levels
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PTEs (1 time)
SPT (1 time)
2006 Uptake of veterinary medicines from soils into plants.
23  Acne Disability Index
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
CADI (1 time)
CDLQI (1 time)
DFI (1 time)
1989 How much disability is caused by acne?
24  acute diarrheal illness
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
AOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
2007 A population-based estimate of the substantial burden of diarrhoeal disease in the United States; FoodNet, 1996-2003.
25  Aidi injection
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CR (1 time)
ORR (1 time)
PHCC (1 time)
2007 [Comparative study on treatment of advanced colorectal cancer by Aidi injection combined with FOLFOX4 regimen and by FOLFOX4 regimen alone].
26  artificial donor insemination
(4 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
--- 1977 [First results and experiences with artificial donor insemination (ADI) in the treatment of sterile and infertile couples].
27  autosomal dominant ichthyosis
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
STS (2 times)
4-AD (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
1980 [Serum IgE level in autosomal dominant and X chromosomal recessive ichthyosis vulgaris].
28  Adolescent Drinking Index
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
RADS (1 time)
RBPC (1 time)
SEI (1 time)
1994 Prevalence and predictors of substance use: a comparison between adolescents with and without learning disabilities.
29  advanced diagnostic imaging
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ED (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
GLM (1 time)
2014 Initial outcomes from federally mandated accreditation site surveys of advanced diagnostic imaging facilities performed by the ACR.
30  alcohol-dependent individuals
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
CRAFT (1 time)
CSOs (1 time)
f-u (1 time)
2016 Efficacy of the Community Reinforcement and Family Training for concerned significant others of treatment-refusing individuals with alcohol dependence: A randomized controlled trial.
31  alternate drip irrigation
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CDI (2 times)
FDI (2 times)
SAP (1 time)
2008 [Stem sap flow of grape under different drip irrigation patterns and its relationships with environmental factors in arid oasis region of Shiyang River basin].
32  Amritsar depressive inventory
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
HDRS (2 times)
MADRS (2 times)
CIS-R (1 time)
2000 Cross-cultural validity of the Amritsar Depression Inventory and the General Health Questionnaire amongst English and Punjabi primary care attenders.
33  aortic distensibility index
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CTA (2 times)
AAo (1 time)
AAS (1 time)
2011 Impaired aortic distensibility measured by computed tomography is associated with the severity of coronary artery disease.
34  architectural difference index
(3 times)
Female Urogenital Diseases
(2 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
IC (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2014 Comparison of rotator cuff muscle architecture between humans and other selected vertebrate species.
35  5-androstene-3,17-dione
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
CDNB (2 times)
ECA (1 time)
EROD (1 time)
2000 Altered glutathione S-transferase catalytic activities in female brown bullheads from a contaminated central Florida lake.
36  abdominal diameter index
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2011 Abdominal diameter index and 12-year cardiovascular disease incidence in male bridge and tunnel workers.
37  active detection and isolation
(2 times)
Drug Resistance, Microbial
(1 time)
MRSA (2 times)
NICU (1 time)
SCCmec (1 time)
2015 Viewpoint: a response to "Screening and isolation to control methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: sense, nonsense, and evidence".
38  actual daily intake
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EDI (2 times)
BEDI (1 time)
HM (1 time)
2009 Addressing arsenic bioaccessibility in ecological risk assessment: a novel approach to avoid overestimating risk.
39  adinazolam
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
DP (1 time)
EP (1 time)
1989 Comparative effects of the antidepressants amitriptyline, mianserin and adinazolam on hemodynamics and ECG in myocardial infarcted dogs.
40  adipogenic induction
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
LPL (2 times)
AI (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2006 [A potential role for the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis by ovariectomy in rat].
41  adiposity index
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
FASN (1 time)
FGF21 (1 time)
2010 Congenic and bioinformatics analyses resolved a major-effect Fob3b QTL on mouse Chr 15 into two closely linked loci.
42  Adolescent Depression Inventory
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
PedMIDAS (1 time)
2009 Migraine and suicidal ideation in adolescents aged 13 to 15 years.
43  Adolescent Diagnostic Interview
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CeASAR (1 time)
POSIT (1 time)
2004 Are clinical impressions of adolescent substance use accurate?
44  adoptive cellular immunotherapy
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
GVH (3 times)
GVL (2 times)
ISPL (1 time)
1995 Effective immune rejection of advanced metastasized cancer.
45  adverse drug interaction
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
eDIC (1 time)
2008 A systematic review of medication safety and clinical outcomes related to drug interaction software.
46  aerosol distribution index
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
COLD (1 time)
HAMM (1 time)
1983 Regional mucociliary removal of inhaled particles in smokers with small airways disease.
47  alternate direction iterative
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CoD (1 time)
VT (1 time)
2009 Development and application of a two-dimensional water quality model for the Daqinghe River Mouth of the Dianchi Lake.
48  alternate partial root-zone drip irrigation
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NAE (1 time)
Nrf (1 time)
WUEs (1 time)
2012 [Effects of controlled alternate partial root-zone drip irrigation on apple seedling morphological characteristics and root hydraulic conductivity].
49  applicability domain index
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BCF (2 times)
QSAR (2 times)
ECHA (1 time)
2013 Integration of QSAR models for bioconcentration suitable for REACH.
50  area of diagnostic interest
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
2011 Lumbar spine radiography--poor collimation practices after implementation of digital technology.
51  Association of Dental Implantology
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
IAN (2 times)
MN (2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
2017 A Survey of the Opinion and Experience of UK Dentists: Part 2: Risk Assessment Strategies and the Management of Iatrogenic Trigeminal Nerve Injuries Related to Dental Implant Surgery.
52  austempered ductile iron
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
EDS (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
1998 Characterization of microstructural morphology of austempered ductile iron by electron microscopy.
53  average degree of infection
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
LMI (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
1995 The antiamoebic effect of a crude drug formulation of herbal extracts against Entamoeba histolytica in vitro and in vivo.
54  average/deprivation/inequality
(2 times)
Health Status Indicators
(1 time)
UNDP (1 time)
2009 An average/deprivation/inequality (ADI) analysis of chronic disease outcomes and risk factors in Argentina.
55  (Z)-alkene dipeptide isostere
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FADI (1 time)
SPPS (1 time)
2007 Fmoc-based solid-phase synthesis of GPR54-agonistic pentapeptide derivatives containing alkene- and fluoroalkene-dipeptide isosteres.
56  abnormal DNA integrity
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2002 Effect of leukocytospermia on sperm DNA integrity: a negative effect in abnormal semen samples.
57  Aboriginal Diabetes Initiative
(1 time)
Family Practice
(1 time)
--- 2016 Diabetes mellitus and the Aboriginal diabetic initiative in Canada: An update review.
58  absence from child care due to illness
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2005 Telemedicine reduces absence resulting from illness in urban child care: evaluation of an innovation.
59  absolute dose-intensity
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ELCWP (1 time)
LD (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1996 Randomized trial comparing induction chemotherapy versus induction chemotherapy followed by maintenance chemotherapy in small-cell lung cancer. European Lung Cancer Working Party.
60  academic dental institutions
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Perspectives on affirmative action in academic dental institutions: the U.S. Supreme Court rulings in the University of Michigan cases.
61  acceptable chronic daily intake
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ARfD (1 time)
DRA (1 time)
NOAELs (1 time)
2018 Current pesticide dietary risk assessment in light of comparable animal study NOAELs after chronic and short-termed exposure durations.
62  acceptable daily intake in human individuals
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1990 [The use of pharmacological criteria in the toxicological evaluation of veterinary drugs].
63  accepted daily dose
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DMDTP (1 time)
DMP (1 time)
DMTP (1 time)
1998 Environmental and biological monitoring of exposure to mancozeb, ethylenethiourea, and dimethoate during industrial formulation.
64  Accumulation Decreasing Index
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
SIR (1 time)
1992 [A study of irradiated spines in radiotherapy--using 99mTc-HMDP bone scintigraphy & MR imaging].
65  acetabular depth index
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
2016 [Early-term hip development following Pemberton osteotomy: a radiological follow-up].
66  acid detergent insoluble
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Cr (1 time)
MRT (1 time)
Yb (1 time)
2014 Short communication: Comparison of 3 solid digesta passage markers in dairy cows.
67  activation domain
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2004 p53 activation domain 1 is essential for PUMA upregulation and p53-mediated neuronal cell death.
68  active dietary intervention
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
2013 Phytoestrogens/insoluble fibers and colonic estrogen receptor beta: randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
69  actual dose intensity
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
RDI (1 time)
2001 Adjuvant 5-fluorouracil plus doxorubicin in D2-3 resected gastric carcinoma: 15-year experience at a single institute.
70  Acute Dental Infections
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
OPAT (1 time)
2017 Acute dental infections managed in an outpatient parenteral antibiotic program setting: prospective analysis and public health implications.
71  acute diaphragmatic injury
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2002 The impact of positive pressure ventilation on the diagnosis of traumatic diaphragmatic injury.
72  AD with silent cerebral infarction
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2007 Clinical significance of silent cerebral infarctions in patients with Alzheimer disease.
73  adaptive integration
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
GR (1 time)
2002 Two-dimensional phase unwrapping using robust derivative estimation and adaptive integration.
74  adipic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CEL (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
SAC (1 time)
2019 Preparation, characterization, and evaluation of celecoxib eutectic mixtures with adipic acid/saccharin for improvement of wettability and dissolution rate.
75  adipsic central diabetes insipidus
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 [Diagnosis and treatment of adipsic diabetes insipidus accompanied with intracranial calcification].
76  Adirondacks
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CLP (1 time)
EMAP (1 time)
NEU (1 time)
1998 ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING: Regional Lake Trophic Patterns in the Northeastern United States: Three Approaches
77  adjacent dental implants
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BOP (1 time)
CBL (1 time)
HbA1c (1 time)
2019 Survival of adjacent-dental-implants in prediabetic and systemically healthy subjects at 5-years follow-up.
78  admission delivery interval
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
IDR (1 time)
LSCS (1 time)
1997 Pattern of cervical dilatation in previous lower segment caesarean section patients.
79  admissions dysfunctional index
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
SMFA (1 time)
2014 The short musculoskeletal functional assessment (SMFA) score amongst surgical patients with reconstructive lower limb injuries in war wounded civilians.
80  Adolescent Donor Index
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CDI (1 time)
KDPI (1 time)
2016 Kidney Donor Profile Index Does Not Accurately Predict the Graft Survival of Pediatric Deceased Donor Kidneys.
81  Adolescent Drinking Inventory
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
2010 Alcohol use history differentiates adolescents treated in the emergency department after an alcohol-related incident.
82  adoptive immune cell therapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ASI (1 time)
PEC (1 time)
1995 Augmentation of protective immunotherapy against metastatic esb lymphoma-cells by combining immune cell transfer with host irradiation, antigen restimulation and/or anti-tnf-alpha antibody treatment.
83  adoptive immunotherapy protocol
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
GVH (1 time)
GVL (1 time)
1997 Differences between graft-versus-leukemia and graft-versus-host reactivity. I. Interaction of donor immune T cells with tumor and/or host cells.
84  adult density index
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CD/HD (1 time)
TPI (1 time)
2011 [Abundance and distribution of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae), and dengue dispersion in Guasave Sinaloa, Mexico].
85  African Dust Impact
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EEs (1 time)
EU (1 time)
LSI (1 time)
2017 PM(10) episodes in Greece: Local sources versus long-range transport-observations and model simulations.
86  age of drinking initiation
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AUDs (1 time)
2017 Age of Drinking Initiation as a Risk Factor for Alcohol Use Disorder Symptoms is Moderated by ALDH2*2 and Ethnicity.
87  aggregate desaturase indices
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DHA (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2015 Ethnicity, sex, FADS genetic variation, and hormonal contraceptive use influence delta-5- and delta-6-desaturase indices and plasma docosahexaenoic acid concentration in young Canadian adults: a cross-sectional study.
88  Aggregate Drought Index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
JDI (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2019 On the mechanisms of two composite methods for construction of multivariate drought indices.
89  AIDS defining illness at diagnosis
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
HIS (1 time)
2002 [Underreporting of AIDS cases in Lazio, Italy].
90  AIDS-defining clinical illness
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
cART (1 time)
non-ADC (1 time)
2008 Causes of the first AIDS-defining illness and subsequent survival before and after the advent of combined antiretroviral therapy.
91  Air Discussion Index
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2016 Inferring Atmospheric Particulate Matter Concentrations from Chinese Social Media Data.
92  air dry
(1 time)
Cytogenetics
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
MC II (1 time)
2018 An improved method for inducing prometaphase chromosomes in plants.
93  albumin decrease index
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
IS (1 time)
2016 Worse Neurological State During Acute Ischemic Stroke is Associated with a Decrease in Serum Albumin Levels.
94  Albumin-detection index
(1 time)
Clinical Trials as Topic
(1 time)
E/TBW (1 time)
FO (1 time)
OP (1 time)
2016 The impact of oxidized serum albumin on the oncotic pressure and hydration status of peritoneal dialysis patients.
95  alcoholic disinfection
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ABHRs (1 time)
HW (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2009 Nurses' perceptions of the benefits and adverse effects of hand disinfection: alcohol-based hand rubs vs. hygienic handwashing: a multicentre questionnaire study with additional patch testing by the German Contact Dermatitis Research Group.
96  all-dielectric interference
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1989 A tuneable, narrow-band, high-intensity UV source.
97  ALS Depression Inventory
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
BDI-I (1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
2011 Prevalence of major depression in ALS: comparison of a semi-structured interview and four self-report measures.
98  alternative dysbiosis index
(1 time)
DI (1 time)
IBSSS (1 time)
NNS (1 time)
2018 Separating "good" from "bad" faecal dysbiosis - evidence from two cross-sectional studies.
99  alveolar distension index
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
PEEP (1 time)
RDS (1 time)
V/P (1 time)
1995 Quasistatic volume-pressure curve to predict the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure on lung mechanics and gas exchange in neonates ventilated for respiratory distress syndrome.
100  American Thoracic Society Dyspnea Index
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
KPS (1 time)
PPMs (1 time)
2019 Comparison of clinical features and stent placement outcomes between airway stenosis caused by primary pulmonary malignancies and that caused by primary non-pulmonary malignancies.