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Abbreviation: ADR
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Long forms: 231

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
adriamycin
(1393 times)
Neoplasms
(480 times)
MDR (108 times)
P-gp (65 times)
VCR (60 times)
1974 Electrolyte and morphologic alterations of myocardium in adriamycin-treated rabbits.
adverse drug reaction
(1183 times)
Drug Therapy
(257 times)
CI (35 times)
OR (21 times)
AE (19 times)
1976 The frequency of adverse drug reactions as dependent upon age, sex and duration of hospitalization.
adenoma detection rate
(392 times)
Gastroenterology
(239 times)
PDR (66 times)
CI (51 times)
CRC (45 times)
2006 Development of a video assessment scoring method to determine the accuracy of endoscopist performance at screening flexible sigmoidoscopy.
adrenaline
(138 times)
Pharmacology
(42 times)
NA (61 times)
DA (18 times)
ISO (14 times)
1975 The effect of cocaine on the responses of the differently innervated laryngeal and bronchial ends of the guinea pig trachea in vitro to clinically used bronchodilators.
artificial disc replacement
(43 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
ROM (10 times)
ACDF (8 times)
HO (5 times)
1999 Artificial disc replacement with the modular type SB Charite III: 2-year results in 50 prospectively studied patients.
anticancer drug adriamycin
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
4'-DOX (2 times)
CMC (2 times)
DNM (2 times)
1982 Cytofluorescence evidence of adriamycin in liver.
acquired drug resistance
(27 times)
Communicable Diseases
(10 times)
ART (7 times)
PDR (6 times)
TDR (6 times)
1998 Origin and management of primary and acquired drug-resistant tuberculosis in The Netherlands: the truth behind the rates.
adrenergic receptor
(27 times)
Brain
(4 times)
IOP (3 times)
NTG (3 times)
GRL (2 times)
1989 Localization of glycine and beta-adrenergic receptors in the rat brain.
alternative dispute resolution
(25 times)
Health Services
(5 times)
NRC (2 times)
OI (2 times)
ADR Act (1 time)
1992 Use of alternative dispute resolution--HHS. Notice of interim policy.
10  adverse reactions
(23 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
ADRs (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BCPNN (1 time)
1989 [Oral contraceptives: undesirable effects in internal medicine].
11  alpha-to-delta ratio
(12 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CBV (4 times)
ECoG (4 times)
qEEG (4 times)
2010 Intracortical EEG for the detection of vasospasm in patients with poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage.
12  antegrade dissection and re-entry
(10 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CTO (7 times)
PCI (5 times)
MACE (2 times)
2016 Cardiac tamponade arising from a venous source following anterograde dissection re-entry coronary angioplasty to a chronic total occlusion.
13  acetabular depth-width ratio
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
LCEA (4 times)
SCFE (3 times)
CE (2 times)
2013 Radiographic measurements of hip dysplasia at skeletal maturity--new reference intervals based on 2,038 19-year-old Norwegians.
14  adenosine receptor
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
MPTP (2 times)
PD (2 times)
8-PT (1 time)
1993 Inhibition of natural killer cell activity by therapeutic levels of theophylline.
15  acetabular depth ratio
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
CE (3 times)
AA (1 time)
AHI (1 time)
2005 Hip dysplasia and osteoarthrosis: a survey of 4151 subjects from the Osteoarthrosis Substudy of the Copenhagen City Heart Study.
16  activator of DNA replication
(6 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
PHA (2 times)
Con A (1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
1986 Impaired nuclear responsiveness to cytoplasmic signals in lymphocytes from elderly humans with depressed proliferative responses.
17  Angelicae dahuricae Radix
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
NNM (2 times)
SMR (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2005 [Use of FTIR and pattern recognition to determine geographical origins of Chinese medical herbs].
18  arrested development of righting response
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CLCN1 (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
HDACs (1 time)
1984 Calcium-binding protein, parvalbumin, is reduced in mutant mammalian muscle with abnormal contractile properties.
19  Adr resistance to adriamycin
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DNA-PKcs (1 time)
FA/BRCA (1 time)
GST (1 time)
1987 Effect of verapamil on in vitro cytotoxicity of adriamycin and vinblastine in human tumor cells.
20  adriamycin nephropathy
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CKD (2 times)
AOPPs (1 time)
CaN (1 time)
2000 Immunomorphometric studies of proteinuria in individual deep and superficial nephrons of rats.
21  absorbed dose rate
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AEDR (3 times)
ER (2 times)
AAI (1 time)
2014 Environmental hazards and distribution of radioactive black sand along the Rosetta coastal zone in Egypt using airborne spectrometric and remote sensing data.
22  adriamycin-resistant
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
MDR (2 times)
AML (1 time)
beta1, 4-Gal-T1 (1 time)
2007 The nucleoside analog sangivamycin induces apoptotic cell death in breast carcinoma MCF7/adriamycin-resistant cells via protein kinase Cdelta and JNK activation.
23  adriblastine
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
BCD (1 time)
CDFS (1 time)
1985 [Results of the COSS-77 and COSS-80 studies on adjuvant chemotherapy in osteosarcoma of the extremities].
24  age-adjusted death rates
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
IHD (1 time)
LEB (1 time)
MFP (1 time)
2003 Stroke and ischemic heart disease mortality trends in Brazil from 1979 to 1996.
25  airway deposition ratio
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
ALDR (4 times)
ACE (2 times)
ARR (2 times)
1985 Estimation of alveolar deposition ratio of inhaled radioaerosol.
26  beta3-adrenergic receptor
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
beta3-ADR (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2000 Interactions among the alpha2-, beta2-, and beta3-adrenergic receptor genes and obesity-related phenotypes in the Quebec Family Study.
27  NADPH-adrenodoxin reductase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Adx (3 times)
Ad (1 time)
COXIV (1 time)
1983 Contributions of cytoplasmic free and membrane-bound ribosomes to the synthesis of NADPH-adrenodoxin reductase and adrenodoxin of bovine adrenal cortex mitochondria.
28  additional detection rate
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CIs (3 times)
NBI (2 times)
BE (1 time)
2017 A meta-analysis of narrow band imaging for the diagnosis and therapeutic outcome of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.
29  adenoregulin
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
CLSM (1 time)
2005 Expression and purification of antimicrobial peptide adenoregulin with C-amidated terminus in Escherichia coli.
30  adriamycin-induced
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AQP2 (1 time)
MDA+4HNE (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2008 alpha-Tocopherol, MDA-HNE and 8-OHdG levels in liver and heart mitochondria of adriamycin-treated rats fed with alcohol-free beer.
31  advection-dispersion-reaction
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
GJ (1 time)
GO (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2009 A new methodology for determining dispersion coefficient using ordinary and partial differential transport equations.
32  all-directions-rewarded version
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
Cd (1 time)
TANs (1 time)
2001 Role of tonically active neurons in primate caudate in reward-oriented saccadic eye movement.
33  anaerobic digestion residue
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CM (1 time)
DGGE (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2014 Comparison of bacterial community structure and dynamics during the thermophilic composting of different types of solid wastes: anaerobic digestion residue, pig manure and chicken manure.
34  antiblastic drugs Adriamycin
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LDH (2 times)
alpha-HBDH (1 time)
AST (1 time)
1998 Antitumor efficacy of the combination of photodynamic therapy and chemotherapy in murine tumors.
35  antimicrobial drug residues
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FFA (2 times)
FPD (2 times)
SCC (2 times)
2011 Process audits versus product quality monitoring of bulk milk.
36  abnormality detection rate
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
aCGH (2 times)
FISH (2 times)
CNVs (1 time)
2016 Spectrum of Cytogenomic Abnormalities Revealed by Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization on Products of Conception Culture Failure and Normal Karyotype Samples.
37  accelerometer-derived respiratory
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ECG (2 times)
PET (1 time)
SCG (1 time)
2014 Accelerometer-Based Method for Extracting Respiratory and Cardiac Gating Information for Dual Gating during Nuclear Medicine Imaging.
38  acquired
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
TDR (2 times)
cART (1 time)
2014 Estimating trends in the proportion of transmitted and acquired HIV drug resistance in a long term observational cohort in Germany.
39  active disturbance rejection
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DR-PID (1 time)
GSN (1 time)
NMS (1 time)
2013 Assessment of gait sensitivity norm as a predictor of risk of falling during walking in a neuromusculoskeletal model.
40  acute drugs reactions
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ASCT (1 time)
TRM (1 time)
2017 Deaths from acute drug reactions in Galician (Spain) Prisons (2001-2010).
41  acute dystonic reactions
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Novel antipsychotics and acute dystonic reactions.
42  adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator
(2 times)
Cold Temperature
(1 time)
JT (2 times)
SXS (1 time)
2016 Operating Modes and Cooling Capabilities of the 3-Stage ADR Developed for the Soft-X-ray Spectrometer Instrument on Astro-H.
43  administrative database research
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
2010 Derivation and validation of a MEDLINE search strategy for research studies that use administrative data.
44  ADR killing of the HL-60 and HL-60
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Targeting SLUG sensitizes leukemia cells to ADR-induced apoptosis.
45  ADR@-4368
(2 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
FTIR (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
SF (2 times)
2018 Interface Bond Improvement of Sisal Fibre Reinforced Polylactide Composites with Added Epoxy Oligomer.
46  adrenalectomized
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
ANF (1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
1989 Glomerular and vascular atrial natriuretic factor receptors in adrenalectomized rats.
47  adrenergic
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1976 Effect of adrenergic agents and their mode of action on mucociliary clearance in man.
48  adrenoceptor
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CRH (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
PVN (1 time)
1997 Transfection with c-Ha rasEJ modulates alpha-actin and alpha 1B-adrenoceptor gene expression in vascular smooth muscle cells.
49  adriamycin hydrochloride
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
THP (2 times)
1985 Fluorescence in sections of cardiac muscle from rats acutely treated with 4'-0-tetrahydropyranil-adriamycin hydrochloride (THP).
50  Adriamycin-induced nephrotic
(2 times)
Kidney Diseases
(1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
FPE (1 time)
FSGS (1 time)
2006 Diversities of podocyte molecular changes induced by different antiproteinuria drugs.
51  advection-diffusion-reaction
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
DPD (1 time)
slow (1 time)
2015 Transport dissipative particle dynamics model for mesoscopic advection-diffusion-reaction problems.
52  age-standardized death rates
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CDR (2 times)
APCs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 [Trends in mortality from intractable diseases in Japan, 1972-2004].
53  allergic drug reactions
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
DR (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
2007 Differential cytokine and transcription factor expression in patients with allergic reactions to drugs.
54  alpha1-adrenoreceptor
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
L-type VDCC (1 time)
NTG (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
2004 Effects of alpha1-adrenergic stimulation on normal and hypertrophied mouse hearts. Relation to caveolin-3 expression.
55  ANTHER DEHISCENCE REPRESSOR
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2019 The Gene ANTHER DEHISCENCE REPRESSOR (ADR) Controls Male Fertility by Suppressing the ROS Accumulation and Anther Cell Wall Thickening in Arabidopsis.
56  Anthracycline derivative adriamycin
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACM (1 time)
THP-ADR (1 time)
1985 [Recent pharmacotoxicologic and clinical findings on adriamycin].
57  anti-cancer drugs including adriamycin
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
Apo-2L (1 time)
HSPs (1 time)
sApo-2L (1 time)
1997 Expression and intracellular localization of heat shock proteins in multidrug resistance of a cisplatin resistant human ovarian cancer cell line.
58  antidepressant response
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
ADT (1 time)
IPS (1 time)
RDP (1 time)
2005 Initial conditions of psychotropic drug response: studies of serotonin transporter long promoter region (5-HTTLPR), serotonin transporter efficiency, cytokine and kinase gene expression relevant to depression and antidepressant outcome.
59  apparent dissolution rate
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
rel (1 time)
VDAD (1 time)
2011 Volume to dissolve applied dose (VDAD) and apparent dissolution rate (ADR): tools to predict in vivo bioavailability from orally applied drug suspensions.
60  aprotinin-binding protein
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
--- 1993 Characteristics of DNA replication in isolated nuclei initiated by an aprotinin-binding protein.
61  artificial lumbar disc replacement
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
HO (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2006 [The risk factors and preventive strategies of heterotopic ossification after artificial disc replacement in lumbar spine].
62  asthma discharge rate
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AEVR (1 time)
USEPA (1 time)
2014 A GIS based approach for assessing the association between air pollution and asthma in New York State, USA.
63  auditory deviance response
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
AVHs (1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2014 Cortical substrates and functional correlates of auditory deviance processing deficits in schizophrenia.
64  Autonomic dysreflexia
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
SCI (2 times)
2003 Obstetric management of the patient with spinal cord injury.
65  axenic dietary restriction
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
CBP (1 time)
ETC (1 time)
2014 Mitochondrial efficiency is increased in axenically cultured Caenorhabditis elegans.
66  beta1-adrenergic receptor
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
APP (1 time)
BISO (1 time)
2014 beta1-adrenergic receptor activation enhances memory in Alzheimer's disease model.
67  copolymer-NP-adriamycin
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HPMA (2 times)
EBV (1 time)
NP (1 time)
1998 HPMA copolymer bound adriamycin overcomes MDR1 gene encoded resistance in a human ovarian carcinoma cell line.
68  N-alkyl derivatives of Adriamycin
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
--- 1985 Effects of new N-alkyl analogues of adriamycin on in vitro survival and cell cycle progression of L1210 cells.
69  1-acyldihydroxyacetone-phosphate reductase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Ayr1p (1 time)
2000 1-Acyldihydroxyacetone-phosphate reductase (Ayr1p) of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae encoded by the open reading frame YIL124w is a major component of lipid particles.
70  5-amino-5-deoxyribofuranose
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GlyU (1 time)
PLP (1 time)
UMP (1 time)
2018 Enzymatic Synthesis of the Ribosylated Glycyl-Uridine Disaccharide Core of Peptidyl Nucleoside Antibiotics.
71  absence of DR
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
NPDR (1 time)
PDR (1 time)
2019 Allelic variations in genes belonging to glutathione system increase proliferative retinopathy risk in type 1 diabetes individuals.
72  absolute distal reabsorption
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
APR (1 time)
1979 Peritubular capillary control of proximal tubule reabsorption in the rat.
73  absolute dose reduction
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DMF (1 time)
1986 The combined effect of bleomycin and irradiation on mouse lip mucosa. 2. Influence on the accumulation and repair of sublethal damage during fractionated irradiation.
74  Acceleration Derived Respiratory signal
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2011 Validation of respiratory signal derived from suprasternal notch acceleration for sleep apnea detection.
75  accumulation, distribution, and retention
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
C' dots (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
Das-NDCs (1 time)
2020 Ultrasmall Core-Shell Silica Nanoparticles for Precision Drug Delivery in a High-Grade Malignant Brain Tumor Model.
76  acellular dermal replacement
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Use of acellular dermal replacement in reconstruction of nonhealing lower extremity wounds.
77  AcH disappearance rate
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AcH (1 time)
1994 Acetaldehyde metabolism: differences between UChA and UChB rats.
78  acquired DR
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2001 Drug-resistant tuberculosis in a tertiary referral teaching hospital of Korea.
79  acquired drug resistance mutation
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
PR (1 time)
RT (1 time)
TDR (1 time)
2017 Drug resistance mutation profiles of the drug-naive and first-line regimen-treated HIV-1-infected population of Suzhou, China.
80  acquired resistance
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2000 Acquired anti-tuberculosis drug resistance in Yaounde, Cameroon.
81  acquired resistance to doxorubicin
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
eIF2alpha (1 time)
GADD34 (1 time)
2016 Salubrinal-Mediated Upregulation of eIF2alpha Phosphorylation Increases Doxorubicin Sensitivity in MCF-7/ADR Cells.
82  activatable duplex reporter
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CI-AKI (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
NIRF (1 time)
2019 A Renal-Clearable Duplex Optical Reporter for Real-Time Imaging of Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury.
83  active defensive reflex
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1977 [Dynamics of elaboration of an active defensive reflex after combined section of the visual tract and different commissural systems].
84  Acute diaphragmatic rupture
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2008 Blunt diaphragmatic rupture: four year's experience.
85  acute dip response
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CBF (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
2000 Protein kinase C regulates the flow rate-dependent decline in human nasal ciliary beat frequency in vitro.
86  acute downhill running
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ACtrl (1 time)
AUR (1 time)
AWI (1 time)
2018 A comparative study on the effects of acute and chronic downhill running vs uphill running exercise on the RNA levels of the skeletal muscles PGC1-alpha, FNDC5 and the adipose UCP1 in BALB/c mice.
87  acute respiratory diseases
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1992 [Live enteroviral vaccines for the emergency nonspecific prevention of mass respiratory diseases during fall-winter epidemics of influenza and acute respiratory diseases].
88  acutely deteriorated renal allografts
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
BBM (1 time)
CTN (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
2001 Alteration of collagen IV in acutely deteriorated renal allografts.
89  Ad detection rate
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AAd (1 time)
AADR (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2016 Effect of Insulin and Metformin Combination Treatment on Colon Adenoma and Advanced Adenoma Among DM II.
90  Adaptive Detection and Resume
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ORSNs (1 time)
2016 A Fault Tolerance Mechanism for On-Road Sensor Networks.
91  adaptive response to adriamycin
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
VPL (1 time)
1999 Adaptive response towards adriamycin in vitro: circumvention with verapamil.
92  add-drop resonator
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Ultrahigh sensing based on feedback double ring configuration beyond the limitation of quality factor on sensitivity.
93  add/drop router
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CDMA (1 time)
WDM (1 time)
2010 All-optical code routing in interconnected optical CDMA and WDM ring networks.
94  addition of doxorubicin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PFS (1 time)
VA (1 time)
1995 The Third Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study.
95  address
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AJC (1 time)
EFT (1 time)
2004 The effect of prosthetic torsional stiffness on the golf swing kinematics of a left and a right-sided trans-tibial amputee.
96  adenomatous polyps.Adenomatous polyp detection rate
(1 time)
A-GI (1 time)
AA (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2019 Variations in Screening Adenoma Detection Rate by Specialty of Physicians in a Predominately African American Population.
97  adenosine diphosphate ribose
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
Naph (1 time)
2012 Novel anti-cancer role of naphthazarin in human gastric cancer cells.
98  adiponectin receptor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
anti-CCP (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2019 Association of adiponectin and adiponectin receptor gene polymorphisms with rheumatoid arthritis in a Chinese population.
99  adjustable dynamic response
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AFOs (1 time)
DAFOs (1 time)
2015 Comparison of 2 Orthotic Approaches in Children With Cerebral Palsy.
100  administered to rats before doxorubicin hydrochloride
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
DMTU (1 time)
1991 Amelioration of glomerular injury in doxorubicin hydrochloride nephrosis by dimethylthiourea.