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Abbreviation: AFA
Appearance Frequency: 333 time(s)
Long forms: 124

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
arm fat area
(46 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
AMA (37 times)
BMI (18 times)
MUAC (15 times)
1984 Reference values and age-related trends for arm muscle area, arm fat area, and sum of skinfolds for United States adults.
antifilaggrin autoantibodies
(33 times)
Rheumatology
(17 times)
RA (15 times)
RF (8 times)
SSc (6 times)
1992 Murine susceptibility to mercury. I. Autoantibody profiles and systemic immune deposits in inbred, congenic, and intra-H-2 recombinant strains.
amfonelic acid
(18 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
DA (10 times)
Cocaine-D (2 times)
Cocaine-I (2 times)
1979 Dopaminergic neuronal responses to a non-amphetamine CNS stimulant.
Aphanizomenon flos-aquae
(16 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
PC (3 times)
MC (2 times)
AFA-C (1 time)
2001 Characterization of human monocyte activation by a water soluble preparation of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae.
African Americans
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HIS (5 times)
SNPs (5 times)
API (3 times)
2000 Relative frequencies of DRB1*11 alleles and their DRB3 associations in five major population groups in a United States bone marrow registry.
ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
--- 1980 Ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum: congenital eyelid-band syndromes.
adaptive focused acoustics
(9 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
CPB (1 time)
CVs (1 time)
DF (1 time)
2008 A microscale yeast cell disruption technique for integrated process development strategies.
acromegaloid facial appearance
(8 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
CS (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1992 Acromegaloid facial appearance (AFA) syndrome: report of a second family.
AF ablation
(7 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
AF (5 times)
AA (2 times)
AT (1 time)
2012 Atrial fibrillation ablation using a closed irrigation radiofrequency ablation catheter.
10  6-aminofulvene-2-aldimine
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
--- 2003 6-Aminofulvene-2-aldimine, a novel class of ambidentate cyclopentadienyl/diimine ligand: synthesis and characterisation of magnesium complexes.
11  adaptive fractal analysis
(5 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(3 times)
CFS (1 time)
CG (1 time)
COP (1 time)
2012 A tutorial introduction to adaptive fractal analysis.
12  alcohol-formalin-acetic acid
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
IHC (2 times)
D-IB (1 time)
DIG (1 time)
1993 Infectivity, growth and distribution of preovigerous adults of Echinostoma caproni in ICR mice.
13  atrial fibrillation ablation
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
PVI (2 times)
AAD (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2008 Diagnostic accuracy of arterial phase 64-slice multidetector CT angiography for left atrial appendage thrombus in patients undergoing atrial fibrillation ablation.
14  advanced fragment analysis
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ALL (2 times)
CNS (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
2015 An advanced fragment analysis-based individualized subtype classification of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
15  Anastomotic false aneurysm
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
--- 1988 Anastomotic false aneurysms of the abdominal aorta and the iliac arteries.
16  flos-aquae
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
Ast (1 time)
Dun (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
2007 Mobilization of human CD34+ CD133+ and CD34+ CD133(-) stem cells in vivo by consumption of an extract from Aphanizomenon flos-aquae--related to modulation of CXCR4 expression by an L-selectin ligand?
17  abdominal fat area
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
FABP (1 time)
2015 Serum Fatty Acid Binding Protein 4 Concentrations Are Positively and Independently Associated with Blood Pressure and Abdominal Fat among Parameters in Health Check-Ups in Ordinary Middle-Aged Japanese Males.
18  Air Force Academy
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ADS (1 time)
AHA (1 time)
CHOS (1 time)
1975 Effects of equivalent sea-level and altitude training on VO2max and running performance.
19  Anti-Fat Attitudes
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
RMA (1 time)
2007 Acculturation's influence on antifat attitudes, body image and eating behaviors.
20  abdominal fat accumulation
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2009 Contribution of subcutaneous fat accumulation to insulin resistance and atherosclerosis in haemodialysis patients.
21  abdominal fat aspirate
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
AFD (1 time)
DMARDs (1 time)
LSG (1 time)
1995 [Systemic amyloidosis in the elderly: diagnostic value of the test of subcutaneous abdominal fat and the labial salivary glands. Prospective study in 100 aged patients].
22  abstract factor analysis
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
TFA (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
2001 [Target transformation factor analysis for simultaneous determination of Fe3+ and Al3+ in rare earth samples].
23  across-field advantage
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
IHTT (1 time)
2004 Mind the gap: interhemispheric communication about emotional faces.
24  adaptive focused acoustic shearing
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
PCR (2 times)
dsDNA (1 time)
2017 Whole-Genome Sequencing: Automated, Indexed Library Preparation.
25  adult female acne
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
GAGS (1 time)
2010 Acne in adult women: epidemiological, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects.
26  adult foraging assay
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
2018 The adult foraging assay (AFA) detects strain and food-deprivation effects in feeding-related traits of Drosophila melanogaster.
27  age at the first admission
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
AOI (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
DDN (1 time)
2003 Women have later onset than men in schizophrenia--but only in its paranoid form. Results of the DSP project.
28  alpha factor analysis
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
SOCRATES (1 time)
2009 Factor structure of the SOCRATES questionnaire in hospitalized medical patients.
29  amino fruit acid
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
GA (2 times)
MASI (1 time)
2010 Glycolic acid peels versus amino fruit acid peels in the treatment of melasma.
30  amniotic fluid aspiration
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
AFE (1 time)
APM (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2010 Amniotic fluid aspiration in cases of SIDS.
31  amorphous ferric arsenates
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EMPA (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
HFO (1 time)
2011 Study of arsenopyrite weathering products in mine wastes from abandoned tungsten and tin exploitations.
32  Analysis of Functional Annotation
(2 times)
Epigenesis, Genetic
(1 time)
HDACIs (2 times)
CTCL (1 time)
HDACs (1 time)
2010 Downregulation of homologous recombination DNA repair genes by HDAC inhibition in prostate cancer is mediated through the E2F1 transcription factor.
33  angular filter array
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ADFI (1 time)
ADFLI (1 time)
2010 Angular domain fluorescence imaging for small animal research.
34  Anti-fat Attitudes scale
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
FPS (1 time)
IAT (1 time)
OPTS (1 time)
2012 The effects of reality television on weight bias: an examination of The Biggest Loser.
35  anti-fibrillarin
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
ACA (2 times)
SSc (2 times)
ANA (1 time)
2010 Antibodies to fibrillarin, PM-Scl and RNA polymerase III detected by ELISA assays in patients with systemic sclerosis.
36  antifilaggrin autoantibodies were detected by immunoblotting
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
--- 2000 Antifilaggrin autoantibodies in early rheumatoid arthritis.
37  antifluorescein antibodies
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
Tf (2 times)
CHO (1 time)
F-Tf (1 time)
1988 Intracellular fusion of sequentially formed endocytic compartments.
38  Apocrine fibroadenoma
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
PR/ER (1 time)
2007 Facial apocrine fibroadenoma in man: a rare finding.
39  apparent fat availability
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AAFA (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
LO (1 time)
1991 The influence of free fatty acid content and degree of saturation on the apparent metabolizable energy value of fats fed to broilers.
40  appropriate weight for gestational age
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
UFA (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2000 Impaired glucose tolerance and elevated blood pressure in low birth weight, nonobese, young south african adults: early programming of cortisol axis.
41  Arctic Front Advance™
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
AFA-ST (1 time)
Cryo-AF (1 time)
2013 Improved in vivo performance of second-generation cryoballoon for pulmonary vein isolation.
42  asthma first aid
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Systematic review and content analysis of asthma knowledge questionnaires: A focus on the knowledge surrounding acute exacerbation management.
43  asymmetrical functional activator
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
HM (2 times)
SAT (1 time)
1996 Functional therapy in hemifacial microsomia: therapeutic protocol for growing children.
44  auto-antibodies to the nucleolar protein fibrillarin
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IC (1 time)
IgE (1 time)
1997 Effects of the murine genotype on T cell activation and cytokine production in murine mercury-induced autoimmunity.
45  automated face analysis
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
EMG (1 time)
FGS (1 time)
MSRA (1 time)
2001 Automated tracking of facial features in patients with facial neuromuscular dysfunction.
46  4-acrylamidofluorescein
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
DMAEMA (1 time)
FESEM (1 time)
LCST (1 time)
2017 Fluorescent multi-responsive cross-linked P(N-isopropylacrylamide)-based nanocomposites for cisplatin delivery.
47  9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl adenine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DDA (1 time)
MeA (1 time)
PIA (1 time)
1987 Characterization of the purine-reactive site of the rat testis cytosolic adenylate cyclase.
48  Aberration-free Profile
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
WASCA (1 time)
2001 Wavefront customized ablations with the WASCA Asclepion workstation.
49  abnormal fast activity
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
PDG (1 time)
2009 Abnormal fast activity in infancy with paroxysmal downwards gaze.
50  accessory facial nerve anastomosis
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SCM (1 time)
1999 Unmasking of the trigemino-accessory reflex in accessory facial anastomosis.
51  acidified formal alcohol
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
FFPET (1 time)
IGF-1R (1 time)
2012 Systematic comparison of tissue fixation with alternative fixatives to conventional tissue fixation with buffered formalin in a xenograft-based model.
52  acidulated fatty acids
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
1990 Dietary energy levels for growing-finishing pigs fed ad libitum. 1. Growth performance.
53  act frequency approach
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Critique of the act frequency approach to personality.
54  activated fly ash
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CAC (1 time)
OPC (1 time)
2018 A thermodynamics-based approach for examining the suitability of cementitious formulations for solidifying and stabilizing coal-combustion wastes.
55  Active feature acquisition
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 An efficient heuristic method for active feature acquisition and its application to protein-protein interaction prediction.
56  acute focal
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
APA (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
2000 Plasma superoxide dismutase activity and malondialdehyde level correlate with the extent of acute appendicitis.
57  Additional forceps application
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
EXU (1 time)
URSL (1 time)
2008 Is routine ureteral stenting necessary after uncomplicated ureteroscopic lithotripsy for lower ureteral stones larger than 1 cm?
58  adequate folic acid
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
EFA (1 time)
HF (1 time)
HF-AFA (1 time)
2016 Excess Folic Acid Increases Lipid Storage, Weight Gain, and Adipose Tissue Inflammation in High Fat Diet-Fed Rats.
59  Afalou
(1 time)
DNA, Mitochondrial
(1 time)
TAF (1 time)
YBP (1 time)
2018 On the origin of Iberomaurusians: new data based on ancient mitochondrial DNA and phylogenetic analysis of Afalou and Taforalt populations.
60  afatinib
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
ERL (1 time)
GEF (1 time)
2018 Comparative studies on the human serum albumin binding of the clinically approved EGFR inhibitors gefitinib, erlotinib, afatinib, osimertinib and the investigational inhibitor KP2187.
61  Afatinib maleate
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
TKI (1 time)
2017 Case series on the association between blood levels and side effects of afatinib maleate.
62  African American/Black
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
API (1 time)
HIS (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2015 8/8 and 10/10 high-resolution match rate for the be the match unrelated donor registry.
63  alcohol-formalin-acetic acid solution
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Metazoan parasites of cetaceans off the northeastern coast of Brazil.
64  Alexander Fisher Award
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ACDS (1 time)
AFAWs (1 time)
2018 Long-term Likelihood of Patch Testing, Academic Practice, and American Contact Dermatitis Society Membership Among North American Alexander Fisher Award Winners From 1989 to 2012.
65  alternate flood and aerobic irrigation
(1 time)
Se (1 time)
2018 Effects of different water management on absorption and accumulation of selenium in rice.
66  amplitude fluctuation asymmetry
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BSI (1 time)
2010 Non-zero mean and asymmetry of neuronal oscillations have different implications for evoked responses.
67  AMPS grafted floating adsorbent
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AMPS (1 time)
HGM (1 time)
2019 Use of a floating adsorbent to remove dyes from water: A novel efficient surface separation method.
68  Analytic Framework for Action
(1 time)
CDS (1 time)
PCCDS (1 time)
2018 The Imperative for Patient-Centered Clinical Decision Support.
69  anastomosis of n. facialis with n. accessorius
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2008 Our experience with surgical treatment of lesions of nervus facialis.
70  anatomical flexion axis
(1 time)
Surgery, Computer-Assisted
(1 time)
PCL (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2010 Towards automatic computer-aided knee surgery by innovative methods for processing the femur surface model.
71  ankle and/or foot appliances
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
PNSD (1 time)
2007 A systematic review of the effects of shoes and other ankle or foot appliances on balance in older people and people with peripheral nervous system disorders.
72  anteiso-fatty acids
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
DO (1 time)
FRAP (1 time)
2016 Effects of DO levels on surface force, cell membrane properties and microbial community dynamics of activated sludge.
73  anterior flexion angle
(1 time)
DHA (1 time)
GPPs (1 time)
LFA (1 time)
2019 Postural Abnormality in Parkinson's Disease: A Large Comparative Study With General Population.
74  anterior fusion with a cage and plate construct
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CAPF (1 time)
NDI (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2014 Efficacy of combined anteroposterior fusion with no plate versus anterior fusion alone with cage and plate for multilevel degenerative cervical disease.
75  anti fibrin antibody
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
DVT (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
RI (1 time)
1988 The validity of radiolabeled anti fibrin antibody for deep vein thrombosis imaging.
76  anti-alpha-fodrin antibodies
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
ACR (1 time)
ANA (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2016 Usefulness of IgA Anti-alpha-fodrin Antibodies in Combination with Rheumatoid Factor and/or Antinuclear Antibodies as Substitute Immunological Criterion in Sjogren Syndrome with Negative Anti-SSA/SSB Antibodies.
77  anti-citrullinated filaggrin antibody
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
RA (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2005 Diagnostic performances of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides antibody and antifilaggrin antibody in Korean patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
78  anti-Factor VIII antibody
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
MDS (1 time)
1991 Cell cycle and clinical characteristics of patients with acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplasia whose biopsies are reactive with anti-factor VIII antibody. A Leukemia Intergroup Study.
79  Anti-Fat Attitudes Questionnaire
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
BAOP (1 time)
NEW (1 time)
2013 Measuring medical student attitudes and beliefs regarding patients who are obese.
80  anti-Forssman antibody
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IZO (1 time)
1994 [The effect of interferon alfa-2b therapy on titers of isohemagglutinins and anti-Forssman antibodies in patients with malignant melanoma].
81  anti-fungal activity of compounds
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ANNs (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2011 An artificial intelligence approach to Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CCMI 1051 cultures: application to the production of anti-fungal compounds.
82  antibodies to human epidermis filaggrin
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
AKA (1 time)
APF (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1999 Anti-perinuclear factor compared with the so called "antikeratin" antibodies and antibodies to human epidermis filaggrin, in the diagnosis of arthritides.
83  antifilament antisera
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
1988 Detection of pilus subunits (pilins) and filaments by using anti-P pilin antisera.
84  antifoam agents
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Industrial antifoam agents impair ethanol fermentation and induce stress responses in yeast cells.
85  antifouling agent
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PVM (1 time)
QCM-D (1 time)
SPR (1 time)
2006 Complexation chemistry for tuning release from polymer coatings.
86  Aortic false aneurysm
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2013 Aortic false aneurysm after double valve replacement in a child.
87  Aortic flow analysis
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
CM (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2018 Blood-threshold CMR volume analysis of functional univentricular heart.
88  apatite forming ability
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
HA (1 time)
SBF (1 time)
2017 A comparative study of simulated body fluids in the presence of proteins.
89  apical foramen area
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
DWT (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2019 Use of CBCT Guidance for Tooth Autotransplantation in Children.
90  apparent fat absorption
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
PEMS (1 time)
2001 Growth and digestive function of turkeys surviving the poult enteritis and mortality syndrome.
91  apparent fractional absorption
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Cholecalciferol has no effect on calcium and inorganic phosphorus balance in a naturally cholecalciferol-deplete subterranean mammal, the naked mole rat (Heterocephalus glaber).
92  apple fruits of cv Annurca
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMS (1 time)
2018 Annurca Apple Nutraceutical Formulation Enhances Keratin Expression in a Human Model of Skin and Promotes Hair Growth and Tropism in a Randomized Clinical Trial.
93  aquatic fulvic acid
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Spectroscopic and elemental investigation of microbial decomposition of aquatic fulvic acid in biological process of drinking water treatment.
94  arabinose ferulate
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CLEAs (1 time)
PFA (1 time)
2018 Optimization of Transesterification Reactions with CLEA-Immobilized Feruloyl Esterases from Thermothelomyces thermophila and Talaromyces wortmannii.
95  Arbetsmarknadens Partners Forsakringsbolag
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NHMRC (1 time)
OHS (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2012 The benefits and harms of intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator within 6 h of acute ischaemic stroke (the third international stroke trial [IST-3]): a randomised controlled trial.
96  Area Focus Approach
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FHP (1 time)
2005 Assessing the effects of training on knowledge and skills of health personnel: a case study from the family health project in Sindh, Pakistan.
97  arithmetic full adder
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Neuromorphic computation with spiking memristors: habituation, experimental instantiation of logic gates and a novel sequence-sensitive perceptron model.
98  arm fat
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
PTB (1 time)
S-CRP (1 time)
2013 Vitamin D status among pulmonary TB patients and non-TB controls: a cross-sectional study from Mwanza, Tanzania.
99  ART for ALL
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
PLWH (1 time)
2016 Antiretroviral medication treatment for all HIV-infected individuals: a protocol using innovative multilevel methodologies to evaluate New York City's universal ART policy among problem substance users.
100  artery-first approach
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive
(1 time)
PLPD (1 time)
2015 Pure laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy with initial approach to the superior mesenteric artery.